Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1483
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Gonzalez Salvador - - 2010
Photoprotection is essential to prevent the deleterious effects of ultraviolet (UV) light, including skin cancer, photoaging and immunosuppression. Photoprotective agents can be classified according to their main mechanism of action. Some of them absorb or deflect UV photons (sunscreens), whereas others prevent or fix the deleterious effects of UV exposure. ...
Harris John E JE Department of Dermatology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3600 Spruce St, 2 Maloney Bldg, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
Immune responses are largely regulated by cytokines that are secreted by activated T cells. Interactions among these cells are complex, and the interaction between 2 responses may alter the effect of either response alone. It has been established that contact sensitization-induced inflammation can reverse hair loss due to alopecia areata. ...
Sivamani Raja K - - 2010
The treatment of psoriasis has undergone a revolution with the advent of biologic therapies, including infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab, efalizumab, and alefacept. These medications are designed to target specific components of the immune system and are a major technological advancement over traditional immunosuppressive medications. These usually being well tolerated are being ...
Sotiropoulou Georgia - - 2010
Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) constitute a family of 15 highly conserved serine proteases encoded by the largest uninterrupted cluster of protease-encoding genes within the human genome. Recent studies, mostly relying on in vitro proteolysis of recombinant proteins, have suggested that KLK activities are regulated by proteolytic activation cascades that can operate ...
Reich A - - 2010
Emotional stress can affect, reveal or even exacerbate a number of skin disorders including psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, pruritus, alopecia areata, lichen planus, seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea or urticaria, although the direct pathophysiologic link between stress factors and cutaneous disease manifestation remains unclear. However, there is an increasing evidence that stress influences ...
Damian Diona L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Riboflavin (vitamin B(2)) plays a key role in cellular energy metabolism. We have observed previously that nicotinamide (vitamin B(3)), which is also centrally involved in cellular energy restoration after UV irradiation, is highly immune protective in humans. We thus hypothesized that riboflavin might also confer immune protection. METHODS: We ...
Albanesi Cristina - - 2010
Psoriasis is one of the most common chronic T cell-mediated diseases in humans. Among the most proximal event in the innate immunity cascade driving psoriatic inflammation is the secretion of type I IFN by activated plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC), a special DC subset strategically positioned in pre-psoriatic symptomless skin. There ...
Guilloteau Karline - - 2010
Keratinocytes play a crucial role in the regulation of skin inflammation, responding to environmental and immune cells stimuli. They produce soluble factors that can act in an autocrine or paracrine manner on immune cells or directly on aggressors. A screening of the activities of 36 cytokines on keratinocyte gene expression ...
Yang Jingxuan - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are master regulators of organogenesis and tissue homeostasis. In this study, we used different combinations of FGF receptor (FGFR)-deficient mice to unravel their functions in the skin. Loss of the IIIb splice variants of FGFR1 and FGFR2 in keratinocytes caused progressive loss of skin appendages, cutaneous ...
Ghoreishi M - - 2010
Autoimmune attack of the bulbar region of anagen phase hair follicles by CD8+ T cells and Th1 cytokines has been proposed to result in hair loss in alopecia areata (AA). The initiating stimuli are unknown. As interferon-alpha therapy may trigger AA, we propose that type 1 interferons are involved in ...
Gamero Ana M AM Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2010
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 2 (STAT2) is an essential transcription factor in the type I IFN (IFN-alpha/beta) signal transduction pathway and known for its role in mediating antiviral immunity and cell growth inhibition. Unlike other members of the STAT family, IFNs are the only cytokines known to date ...
Meyer Norbert - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Keratinocyte (KC) apoptosis is an important mechanism of eczema and spongiosis in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and is mediated by IFN-gamma, which is secreted by T(H)1 cells. IL-32 is a proinflammatory cytokine that is involved in the inflammatory processes of rheumatoid arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and Crohn ...
Yoon Taesook - - 2010
Glehnia littoralis (Umbelliferae) is a traditional medicine used in Korea, China, and Japan to treat the immune-related diseases. However, its anti-inflammatory activities and mechanisms remain to be defined. We investigated the effects of 70% ethanolic extract from G. littoralis (GLE) on skin inflammation in mice. Production of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β ...
Gorman Shelley - - 2010
Topical creams containing the active form of vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3; 1,25(OH)2D3) or analogues of this compound are currently used with some success to treat skin conditions including psoriasis and vitiligo. As well as targeting inflammatory processes in the skin, topical application of 1,25(OH)2D3 also affects the function of immune ...
Page Angustias - - 2010
IKKbeta is a subunit of the IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex required for NF-kappaB activation in response to pro-inflammatory signals. NF-kappaB regulates the expression of many genes involved in inflammation, immunity, and apoptosis, and also controls cell proliferation and differentiation in different tissues; however, its function in skin physiopathology remains controversial. ...
Chaarani Jinan - - 2010
The use of biologics that target a subset of immune cells in the treatment of immune-mediated ailments is an emerging field. Alefacept is one of the first biologics in the treatment of psoriasis. It selectively reduces CD45RO(+) memory T cells and inhibits T-cell activation. Clinical data support its safety and ...
Nograles Kristine E KE Laboratory for Investigative Dermatology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, - - 2010
Psoriasis vulgaris is a multifactorial heritable disease characterized by severe inflammation resulting in poorly differentiated, hyperproliferative keratinocytes. Recent advances in genetic analyses have implicated components regulating the interleukin (IL)-23 and nuclear factor-kappaB pathways as risk factors for psoriasis. These inflammatory pathways exhibit increased activity in skin lesions, and promote secretion ...
Reina Silvia - - 2010
The aim of the present work was to examine the role of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) on apoptosis in human skin fibroblast cells. Neonatal human skin fibroblast cultures were stimulated with pilocarpine in the presence or absence of specific antagonists. Pilocarpine stimulates apoptosis, total inositol phosphates (InsP) accumulation and nitric ...
Albanesi C - - 2010
Inflammatory dermatoses encompass an enormous area of dermatopathology. These diseases are triggered and maintained by aberrant responses of the cells of the skin immune system. In the last decade it has become clear that epidermal keratinocytes are highly active immunological cells, with a major control over the acute and the ...
Cavani Andrea - - 2010
Allergic contact dermatitis is a common eczematous skin disease that occurs in sensitized individuals at the site of contact with small chemicals penetrating the skin barrier. The onset of the disease is mostly due to the rapid recruitment of chemical-specific CD8+ T cells, which induce apoptosis of keratinocytes. Additionally, CD4+ ...
Nadworny Patricia L - - 2010
This study examined the mechanism of nanocrystalline silver antiinflammatory activity, and tested nanocrystalline silver for systemic antiinflammatory effects. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy of skin treated directly with nanocrystalline silver for 24 hours showed that at skin surfaces there were significant deposits at weights corresponding to Ag, AgO, AgCl, AgNO(3), Ag(2)O, ...
Reelfs Olivier - - 2010
In humans, prolonged sunlight exposure is associated with various pathological states. The continuing drive to develop improved skin protection involves not only approaches to reduce DNA damage by solar ultraviolet B (UVB) but also the development of methodologies to provide protection against ultraviolet A (UVA), the oxidising component of sunlight. ...
McFadden J P - - 2010
We have previously postulated that as well as T-helper (Th) 1 and Th17 cells, the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta/fibronectin (FN)/alpha5beta1 pathway is central to psoriasis pathogenesis. EDA+ FN refers to an alternatively spliced isoform of FN with an additional domain known as extra domain A. EDA+ FN has two important ...
Matthews Yasmin J - - 2010
UVB radiation is a potent environmental carcinogen that not only causes mutations in the skin but also profoundly suppresses skin immune responses. Although this UVB-induced suppression of antitumor immunity has a key role in skin cancer development, the wavelengths within UVB causing greatest in vivo immunosuppression in humans are as ...
Kambe Naotomo - - 2010
Urticarial rash, one of the clinical manifestations characteristic of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS), is caused by a mutation in the gene encoding for NLRP3 (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain, leucine-rich repeats containing family, pyrin domain containing 3). This intracellular pattern recognition receptor and its adaptor protein, called apoptosis associated speck-like protein containing ...
Shimura Eri - - 2010
Hyperplasia associated with a loss of tissue homeostasis can induce DNA replication stress, leading to precancerous dysregulation. Epidermal gammadelta T cells reside in the primary barrier that protects against diverse environmental insults; however, the functions of these T cells in tissue surveillance are not completely understood. In mice with inducible ...
Tomura Michio M Research Center for Allergy and Immunology, RIKEN, Yokohama City, Japan. - - 2010
Tregs play an important role in protecting the skin from autoimmune attack. However, the extent of Treg trafficking between the skin and draining lymph nodes (DLNs) is unknown. We set out to investigate this using mice engineered to express the photoconvertible fluorescence protein Kaede, which changes from green to red ...
Larson Ryan P RP Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2010
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an IL-7-related cytokine, produced by epithelial cells, that has been linked to atopic dermatitis and asthma; however, it remains unclear how TSLP shapes the adaptive immune response that causes these allergic disorders. In this study, we demonstrate a role for TSLP in a Th2 model ...
Eyerich Kilian - - 2010
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) defines a heterogeneous group of orphan and inherited syndromes characterised by chronic and recurrent infections of the skin and mucosa with the yeast Candida. Increasing evidence suggests that this inefficient defence against Candida species is reflected by a DC/T cell defect which results in an impaired ...
Tarutani Masahito - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Raf is one of the downstream effectors of Ras GTPases. The induction of Raf in the epidermis causes the proliferation of keratinocytes and epidermal hyperplasia. However, skin inflammation accompanying Ras-induced epidermal reactions has not been fully delineated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize inflammatory reactions induced ...
Goto Megumi - - 2010
Excessive proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes is a typical aspect of chronic skin diseases such as psoriasis. In the present study, the effect of phosphodiesterase 7A (PDE7A) inhibitor ASB16165 on proliferation of keratinocytes was investigated to examine the role of PDE7A in keratinocyte proliferation and the possible therapeutic relevance of PDE7A ...
Fyhrquist Nanna - - 2010
MK2 is a promising candidate for treating inflammation. Mice deficient in MK2 were studied in models of inflammation to see whether MK2 could be a useful target in inflammatory skin disease. Surprisingly, MK2 played only a minor role in skin inflammation, indicating that modulation of cell signaling gives different results ...
Jiang Shan - - 2010
Dopachrome tautomerase (Dct) is a critical enzyme in the melanogenesis pathway that isomerizes the intermediate dopachrome to 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA) and influences the proportion of DHICA monomer incorporated into the 5,6-dihydroxyindole (DHI) polymer in eumelanin. To investigate whether Dct inactivation affects skin photoprotection against ultraviolet radiation, we examined levels of ...
Ma Hak-Ling - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis respond well to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) blockers in general; however, there is now mounting evidence that a small cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis who receive TNFalpha blockers develop psoriasis. This study was undertaken to explore the mechanisms underlying TNFalpha blockade-induced ...
Smith Gideon P - - 2010
Skin fibrosis occurs in a variety of human diseases, most notably systemic sclerosis (SSc). The end stage of scleroderma in human skin consists of excess collagen deposition in the dermis with loss of adnexal structures and associated adipose tissue. The initiating factors for this process and the early stages are ...
Sotto M?rian N - - 2010
Dendritic cells belong to a family of antigen-presenting cells that are localized at the entry sites, such as skin and mucosa. Dendritic cells are related to immune surveillance function. The role of Langerhans cells in the pathogenesis of skin infectious diseases is well studied; however, there are few articles addressing ...
Wu Shiyong - - 2010
Elevation of nitric oxide (NO*) can either promote or inhibit ultraviolet B light (UVB)-induced apoptosis. In this study, we determined real-time concentration of NO* and peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) and their role in regulation of membrane integrity and apoptosis. Nanosensors (diameter 300-500 nm) were used for direct in situ simultaneous measurements of ...
Liu Yuangang Y Department of Dermatology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA. - - 2010
Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disorder with aberrant regulation of keratinocytes and immunocytes. Although it is well known that uncontrolled keratinocyte proliferation is largely driven by proinflammatory cytokines from the immunocytes, the functional role of keratinocytes in the regulation of immunocytes is poorly understood. Recently, we found that tripartite motif-containing ...
Carvalho Wanessa Araújo - - 2010
Ticks deposit saliva at the site of their attachment to a host in order to inhibit haemostasis, inflammation and innate and adaptive immune responses. The anti-haemostatic properties of tick saliva have been described by many studies, but few show that tick infestations or its anti-haemostatic components exert systemic effects in ...
Le Tuan Anh - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), highly expressed by keratinocytes in skin lesions in atopic dermatitis and bronchial epithelial cells in asthma, plays a key role in allergic diseases. Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) stimulates keratinocytes to release TSLP in vitro. OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential of glucocorticoids and calcineurin inhibitors to suppress ...
Canavese Miriam - - 2010
Skin-infiltrating T-cells play a predominant role in allergic and inflammatory skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and allergic contact dermatitis. These T-cells are attracted by several chemotactic factors including the chemokine CCL5/RANTES, a CC chemokine inducing both the migration and activation of specific leukocyte subsets. CCL5 has been found ...
De Luca Chiara - - 2010
Skin surface lipid (SSL) film is a mixture of sebum and keratinocyte membrane lipids, protecting skin from environment. Its composition is unique for the high percentage of long chain fatty acids, and of the polyterpenoid squalene, absent in other human tissues, and in non-human Primates sebum. Here, the still incomplete ...
Kabashima Kenji - - 2010
Dendritic cells are one of antigen presenting cells and are thought to play an important role in the establishment of immune responses. However, recent advances in immunology have revealed that there exist several dendritic cell subsets in the skin. In addition, a certain dendritic cell subset is able to regulate ...
Higashi-Kuwata Nobuyo - - 2010
Recent accumulating evidence indicates a crucial involvement of macrophage lineage in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). To analyze the assembly of the monocyte/macrophage population, we evaluated the expression of CD163 and CD204 and various activated macrophage markers, in the inflammatory cells of the skin and in the peripheral blood ...
Bachmann Malte - - 2010
If insufficiently treated, Lyme borreliosis can evolve into an inflammatory disorder affecting skin, joints, and the CNS. Early innate immunity may determine host responses targeting infection. Thus, we sought to characterize the immediate cytokine storm associated with exposure of PBMC to moderate levels of live Borrelia burgdorferi. Since Th17 cytokines ...
Wolska A A Central Institute for Labour Protection-National Research Institute, Warsaw, - - 2010
Some amounts of ultraviolet radiation are beneficial for humans but excessive exposure can cause many negative health effects to the skin and eyes and also can affect the immune system. Exposed area of skin should be covered by working clothes with low UVR transmission. It concerns both exposure to natural ...
Koutruba Nora - - 2010
The pathogenesis of psoriasis is unknown, although it is generally accepted that this chronic inflammatory skin disorder is a complex autoimmune condition similar to other T-cell mediated disorders. Psoriasis imposes a heavy burden on the lifestyle of those affected due to the psychological, arthritic, and cutaneous morbidities; thus significant research ...
Rupec Rudolf A - - 2010
The pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis is still under discussion. Although it is widely accepted that environmental factors and a genetic predisposition are essential, the role of the innate and adaptive immune system and the functional cascade of the cells involved is still unclear. A concept that integrates all immune cells ...
Bahri Raouf - - 2010
The cytotoxic effects of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (1-methyplyrene and perylene) were investigated on human skin keratinocytes. Normal human keratinocytes were cultured in the presence of various concentrations of 1-methylpyrene and perylene either alone or in combination. Following incubation, keratinocyte adhesion, viability, proliferation, colony-forming efficiency, and apoptosis/necrosis level were ...
Sleator Roy D - - 2010
Recently we reported a role for compatible solute uptake in mediating bile tolerance and increased gastrointestinal persistence in the foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes1. Herein, we review the evolution in our understanding of how these low molecular weight molecules contribute to growth and survival of the pathogen both inside and outside ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >