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Results 201 - 250 of 1483
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Wolk Kerstin - - 2010
The skin forms an essential barrier between the inside of an organism and the environment. In addition to its function in insulation, temperature regulation, and sensation, it protects the body against physical trauma, pathogens, UV radiation, and excessive water loss. Many processes necessary for maintaining the skin integrity, including antimicrobial/antiviral ...
de Groot Marjan - - 2010
To investigate whether specific markers for innate immunity would diminish with successful treatment in psoriasis, we analyzed lesional and non-lesional skin biopsies taken from patients with moderate to severe psoriasis during 12 weeks of treatment with etanercept in correlation with the clinical response. In the clinical responders (PASI reduction >50%), ...
Walton S F - - 2010
The transmission of scabies occurs with the burrowing of Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis mites into the skin. Infestation invariably leads to the development of localized cutaneous inflammation, pruritus and skin lesions. Classical transmission studies document an initial increase in S. scabiei numbers subsequent to primary infestation with a gradual reduction ...
Kajiya K - - 2010
Vol. 43, No.3 (2009) pp.192-196 The lymphatic system plays an important role in the maintenance of tissue fluid homeostasis and the afferent phase of immune response. However, the role of the lymphatic system in mediation of aging and its molecular mechanism has been totally unknown. Here we have identified, for ...
Kuhn A - - 2010
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease involving well-defined skin lesions that can be categorized as acute CLE (ACLE), subacute CLE (SCLE), chronic CLE (CCLE), or intermittent CLE (ICLE). It is commonly accepted that ultraviolet (UV) exposure can induce and exacerbate skin lesions in patients with certain subtypes ...
Xu Haoxiang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: After irradiation with a high dose of ultraviolet B (UVB), cells undergo apoptosis. Caspase-8 and -3 are key mediators of apoptosis in many cells. Vimentin, an important cytoskeleton component, can be cleaved by caspase-3, -6, -7 and -8. Cell apoptosis is promoted via caspase-triggered proteolysis of vimentin. In this ...
Olaru Florina - - 2010
Keratinocytes in the skin play an important role in innate immune responses by secreting chemokines. This study aimed to determine if keratinocyte cell lines can be used for studies of innate immune mechanisms. Human primary keratinocytes and the HaCaT, CCD 1106 KERTr (KERTr) and HEK001 cell lines were treated with ...
Egesi Adaeze - - 2010
Statins, initially developed as antimicrobials, are primarily considered cholesterol-lowering agents. Recently, researchers discovered anti-inflammatory properties of statins. Studies on the effects of statins and the alterations noted include: bench work that supported a Th1/Th2 skew to Th1, altered lymphocyte migration, inhibition of MHC-II induction and cytokine release on antigen-presenting cells, ...
Knol Anne Chantal - - 2010
There are several approved therapies for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). The retinoids are one of the major biologic response modifiers used in CTCL, producing good response rates but few complete responses. Bexarotene has been demonstrated to act on malignant T-cells by inducing their apoptosis, but nothing is known about its ...
Guéniche Audrey - - 2010
Reactive skin is characterized by marked sensitivity to physical (heat, cold, wind) or chemical (topically applied products) stimuli and by the impairment of the skin barrier's ability to repair itself. Several lines of evidence suggest that beyond their capacity to positively influence the composition of intestinal microbiota, some probiotic bacteria ...
Mortel Marie Rosalette - - 2010
Psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are immune-mediated, chronic, inflammatory diseases that place a heavy burden on the lifestyle of patients affected. Current understanding of the pathophysiology of these conditions has produced very encouraging new medical developments, largely a consequence of research that has targeted precise elements of the immune cascade, expanding ...
Damian Diona L - - 2010
Calcitriol, the biologically active form of vitamin D, has been reported to cause both suppressive and protective immune effects in mice. Its immune effects in vivo in humans are unclear. We investigated the in vivo effects of topical calcitriol on minimal erythema dose and skin immune responses in healthy volunteers. ...
Hur Seulgi - - 2010
Since the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and release of inflammatory mediators play a major role in UVB-induced inflammation, vigorous attempts have been made for the pharmacological management of these molecules as well as for uncovering the molecular signaling pathways. Homoisoflavanone (5,7-dihydroxy-3-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzyl)-chroman-4-one, HIF) extracted from Cremastra appendiculata has anti-angiogenic ...
de Koning Heleen D - - 2010
Human epidermis plays an important role in host defense by acting as a physical barrier and signaling interface between the environment and the immune system. Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are crucial to maintain homeostasis and provide protection during infection, but are also causally involved in monogenic auto-inflammatory diseases. This study ...
Ilkovitch Dan - - 2011
The skin harbors a complex and unique immune system that protects against various pathologies, such as infection and cancer. Although many of the mechanisms of immune activation in the skin have been investigated, it is likewise important to uncover the immune-regulatory components that limit effective immunity or prevent autoimmunity. Several ...
Karakawa Masaru - - 2010
Cutaneous T cell-attracting chemokine (CTACK)/CCL27 and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3α/CCL20 are the major inflammatory chemokines involved in skin inflammation. The present study showed that roxithromycin (RXM) suppressed the TNFα-induced production of CCL27 and CCL20 in HaCaT keratinocytes and normal human keratinocytes (NHKs) in a dose-dependent manner. The production of CCL20 ...
Muramoto Kenzo - - 2010
E6201 [(3S,4R,5Z,8S,9S,11E)-14-(ethylamino)-8,9,16-trihydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-3,4,9,10-tetrahydro-1H-2-benzoxacyclotetradecine-1,7(8H)-dione)] is a novel anti-inflammatory agent that has potent inhibitory effects on the production of proinflammatory cytokines from leukocytes and antiproliferative activity on keratinocytes. To characterize the in vivo pharmacological activity of E6201, topically administered E6201 was evaluated in several different animal models of dermatitis. E6201 formulated as an ...
Koulu Leena M - - 2010
Polymorphic light eruption (PLE) is a common skin disorder provoked by exposure to UVR. Its clinical symptoms resemble those of a contact allergic reaction. PLE is generally considered a T-cell-mediated autoimmune reaction toward a yet unidentified antigen formed in UVR-exposed skin. Predisposition to such an immune reaction may result from ...
Wang Bour-Jr - - 2010
In certain cell types, it has been found that, hexavalent chromium could increase ROS formation, activate cell signaling and stimulate the release of cytokines. But, in keratinocytes, these effects have not yet fully been demonstrated. Our aim is to observe the above effects of hexavalent chromium on keratinocytes. By utilizing ...
Tartutani Masahito - - 2010
Raf is one of the downstream effectors of Ras GTPases. The induction of Raf in the epidermis causes the proliferation of keratinocytes and epidermal hyperplasia. However, skin inflammation accompanying Ras-induced epidermal reactions has not been fully delineated. The aim of this study was to characterize inflammatory reactions induced by epidermal-specific ...
Elias Peter M PM Dermatology Services, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California, USA. - - 2010
Current explanations for the development of epidermal pigmentation during human evolution are not tenable as stand-alone hypotheses. Accordingly, we assessed instead whether xeric- and UV-B-induced stress to the epidermal permeability barrier, critical to survival in a terrestrial environment, could have "driven" the development of epidermal pigmentation. (1) Megadroughts prevailed in ...
Lin Z X - - 2010
Psoriasis is a skin disease associated with hyperproliferation and aberrant differentiation of keratinocytes. Our previous studies have identified the root of Rubia cordifolia L. as a potent antiproliferative and apoptogenic agent in cultured HaCaT cells (IC(50) 1.4 microg/ml). In the present study, ethanolic extract of Radix Rubiae was fractioned sequentially ...
Ren Shu-Wen - - 2010
In this study, the complex kappa-ca3000+CP combined collagen peptide with kappa-carrageenan oligosaccharide was tested for its ability to moderate UV-induced damage and investigated for its protective mechanism against UV radiation. Human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) were used to monitor the effects of kappa-ca3000+CP on cell viability, apoptosis, ...
Ramsey Jeremy P - - 2010
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is a chytrid fungus that causes the lethal skin disease chytridiomycosis in amphibians. It is regarded as an emerging infectious disease affecting diverse amphibian populations in many parts of the world. Because there are few model amphibian species for immunological studies, little is known about immune defenses against ...
Johnson-Huang Leanne M LM Laboratory for Investigative Dermatology, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10065, - - 2010
Narrow-band UVB radiation (NB-UVB) therapy offers a well-established treatment modality for psoriasis. However, despite the common use of this form of treatment, the mechanism of action of NB-UVB is not well understood. We studied a group of 14 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis treated with carefully titrated and monitored NB-UVB for ...
Freyschmidt Eva-Jasmin EJ Division of Immunology, Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
Individuals with atopic dermatitis immunized with the small pox vaccine, vaccinia virus (VV), are susceptible to eczema vaccinatum (EV), a potentially fatal disseminated infection. Dysfunction of Forkhead box P3 (FoxP3)-positive regulatory T cells (Treg) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. To test whether Treg deficiency predisposes to ...
Uchida Yoshikazu - - 2010
Although ceramides (Cers) are key constituents of the epidermal permeability barrier, they also function as apoptogenic signals for UVB irradiation-induced apoptosis in epidermal keratinocytes. As epidermis is continuously exposed to UV irradiation, we hypothesized that Cer hydrolysis protects keratinocytes from UVB-induced apoptosis by attenuating Cer levels. Both low-dose UVB (L-UVB) ...
Zhang Jing - - 2010
Endogenous cannabinoids and peripheral cannabinoid CB2 receptors (CB2Rs) are involved in the antinociceptive effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on inflammatory pain. However, it remains unclear about how EA affects the expression and distribution patterns of peripheral CB2Rs in inflamed skin tissues. To study this, inflammatory pain was induced by local injection ...
Guttman-Yassky Emma - - 2010
EGFR inhibitors (EGFRIs) have been shown to be clinically effective in various cancers. Unique skin toxicity is commonly observed with EGFRIs and a correlation between the clinical benefit of EGFRIs and this characteristic rash has been reported. Erlotinib is a potent EGFRI approved for treatment of non-small cell lung cancer ...
Maioli Emanuela - - 2010
Rottlerin is a natural polyphenolic compound, which was initially indicated and marketed as a PKC delta inhibitor and recently proposed and patented as an anti-hypertensive drug. In vitro results from our Laboratory and data from the literature suggest a potential use of Rottlerin in the treatment/control of psoriasis, a skin ...
Guahk Gui-Hee - - 2010
Ultraviolet (UV) light is a physical carcinogen, and UV irradiation from sunlight has negative effects on human skin. UVB-induced inflammation is linked to excessive induction of various inflammatory cytokines/chemokines in many types of cells, including keratinocytes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of water extract ...
Berk Thomas - - 2010
Seborrheic dermatitis is a common chronic inflammatory skin condition, characterized by scaling and poorly defined erythematous patches. It may be associated with pruritus, and it primarily affects sebum-rich areas, such as the scalp, face, upper chest, and back. Although its pathogenesis is not completely understood, some postulate that the condition ...
Kostyuk Vladimir - - 2010
Inflammation is a key event in the skin normally occurring in response to the constant exposure to environmental and endogenous stimuli as well as to accidental damage. It also plays a central role in the pathogenesis of major cutaneous pathologies, ultimately resulting in skin carcinogenesis. As the acute mild inflammatory ...
Plötz Sabine Gisela - - 2010
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: Atopic eczema (AE) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin condition and one of the most common, potentially debilitating diseases with increasing incidence. AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW: The complex etiology of AE with multiple systemic and local immunologic and inflammatory responses and interactions between susceptibility genes ...
Raho Gabriella - - 2011
Biological drugs targeting tumor necrosis factor-α, such as infliximab, are highly effective in psoriasis. The interference with keratinocyte apoptosis has been included among the possible effects of infliximab in psoriasis, although the available data are still controversial. The purpose of our study was to verify the action of infliximab on ...
Tonks Ian D - - 2010
There has been uncertainty regarding the precise role that the pocket protein Rb1 plays in murine melanocyte homeostasis. It has been reported that the TAT-Cre mediated loss of exon 19 from a floxed Rb1 allele causes melanocyte apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. This is at variance with other findings ...
Schäfer Matthias - - 2010
Ultraviolet (UV) B irradiation can severely damage the skin and even induce tumorigenesis. It exerts its effects by direct DNA modification and by formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We developed a strategy to genetically activate target gene expression of the transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in keratinocytes in ...
Deng Guo-Min GM Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by high autoantibody levels and multiorgan tissue damage, including kidney and skin. Cutaneous manifestations are frequent in patients with SLE, yet the etiology and pathogenesis of skin injury in SLE remains unclear. We reasoned that lupus serum containing high levels of ...
Park Joohong - - 2010
UV radiation is carcinogenic by causing mutations in the skin and also by suppressing cutaneous antitumor immunity. We previously found nicotinamide (vitamin B3) to be highly effective at reducing UV-induced immunosuppression in human volunteers, with microarray studies on in vivo irradiated human skin suggesting that nicotinamide normalizes subsets of apoptosis, ...
Verschooten Lien - - 2010
Adequate protection of skin against the carcinogenic effects of UVB irradiation is essential. Flavonoids may have a conspicuous role in cancer prevention because of their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and growth-inhibitory effects. Therefore, we tested the effects of the flavone luteolin (LUT) on selected parameters of the sunburn response in normal human ...
Davidovici Batya B - - 2010
Psoriasis is now classified as an immune-mediated inflammatory disease (IMID) of the skin. It is being recognized that patients with various IMIDs, including psoriasis, are at higher risk of developing "systemic" co-morbidities, e.g., cardiovascular disease (CVD), metabolic syndrome, and overt diabetes. In non-psoriatic individuals, the pathophysiology of obesity, aberrant adipocyte ...
Leise B S - - 2010
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Further knowledge of equine keratinocyte physiology and keratinocyte response to various stimuli is important in developing a better understanding of disease states involving the epidermis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the inflammatory cytokine response of cultured equine keratinocytes to various pathogen-associated molecular pattern molecules (PAMPs) from both Gram-negative ...
Hervy Martial - - 2010
Zyxin is a dual-function LIM domain protein that regulates actin dynamics in response to mechanical stress and shuttles between focal adhesions and the cell nucleus. Here we show that zyxin contributes to UV-induced apoptosis. Exposure of wild-type fibroblasts to UV-C irradiation results in apoptotic cell death, whereas cells harboring a ...
Bieber Thomas - - 2010
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and relapsing disease affecting an increasing number of patients. Usually starting in early childhood, AD can be the initial step of the so-called atopic march, i.e. followed by allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. AD is a paradigmatic genetically complex disease involving gene-gene and gene-environment ...
Visscher Marty O - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are few reports on the cytokine response to high frequency hand hygiene among health care workers (HCWs) in an occupational setting. We have observed significant skin barrier compromise consistent with chronic irritant contact dermatitis in HCWs. We hypothesized that repetitive hand hygiene would activate the epidermal inflammatory cascade ...
Sigmundsdottir Hekla - - 2010
Skin diseases and skin problems affect millions of people every day. Skin lesions are often difficult to treat locally and much is to be gained by developing more targeted treatments to avoid the use of systemic immunosuppressant drugs. Recent data on the function of microenvironmental factors could help improve such ...
Nys Kris - - 2010
The signal transduction pathways leading to apoptosis of human keratinocytes responding to UVB irradiation are complex and not completely understood. Previously, we reported that in UVB-irradiated keratinocytes, p38(MAPK) instigates Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) activation and mitochondrial apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the pro-apoptotic function of p38(MAPK) remained unclear. Here, ...
Damian Diona L - - 2010
Sun protective measures can reduce numbers of both precancerous actinic keratoses and cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas within relatively short periods of time even in high-risk populations. Sunscreens, which tend to provide greater protection against shortwave UVB than against longer wavelength UVA radiation, can however provide only partial protection from the ...
B?chau Amanda S - - 2010
Antimicrobial peptides and proteins (AMPs) are tools of the innate immune system employed at injury sites to protect the host from invading microbes and to promote wound repair. In this issue, Roup? et al. characterize epidermal innate immune responses induced by skin injury and the involvement of EGFR for distinct ...
Raap U - - 2010
Understanding the complex mechanism of allergic inflammatory skin diseases has been a main challenge of clinical and experimental research for years. It is well known that the inflammatory response is also controlled by tissue resident cells including neurons and structural cells. Thus, allergic inflammation triggers neuronal dysfunction and structural changes ...
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