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Jacobson Eric M - - 2011
Thyroglobulin (Tg) represents one of the largest known self-antigens involved in autoimmunity. Numerous studies have implicated it in triggering and perpetuating the autoimmune response in autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD). Indeed, traditional models of autoimmune thyroid disease, experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT), are generated by immunizing mice with thyroglobulin protein in conjunction ...
Malfitano Anna Maria - - 2011
There is growing evidence that the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist, rimonabant (SR141716) exerts potential anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory actions. Here, we have assessed the effects of rimonabant in vitro in murine immortalized keratinocytes and in vivo by assaying the topical anti-inflammatory activity. Cell viability and death in a keratinocyte cell line ...
Dedecjus Marek - - 2010
Background: Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most effective antigen-presenting cells and key regulators of immune response. The immunoregulatory properties of DCs strongly depend on the microenvironment in which DCs have been matured and activated. Thyroid hormones are an important part of this environment and regulate many vital processes including growth ...
Marteyn Benoit - - 2011
The gastrointestinal tract provides a variety of environmental challenges to any bacterium seeking to successfully colonize or cause disease in a host. A major obstacle is the varied oxygen concentrations encountered at different sites in the intestine. Here we review the mechanisms bacterial pathogens utilize to sense oxygen within the ...
Shaw Tanya J - - 2010
Skin fibrosis, in its mildest form, may present only a minor aesthetic problem, but in the most severe cases it can lead to debilitating pathologies of the skin, for example keloid and hypertrophic scars, and systemic sclerosis. In recent years, extensive basic research aimed at understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying ...
Nematollahi A - - 2010
Three different suture patterns (simple interrupted, interrupted horizontal mattress, subcuticular) were placed in a full thickness incision (skin and body wall) of 18 goldfish (Carassius auratus). After 14 days all fish were euthanized using benzocaine solution. The tissue reactions were evaluated by gross visual inspection and histopathological examination. The superficial ...
Dahl Mark V - - 2010
Trans-urocanic acid is isomerized to cis-urocanic acid (C-UCA) by ultraviolet radiation. C-UCA suppresses immunity in vitro and in vivo in animals; its effect on human skin is unknown. We sought to determine whether its topical application to normal skin suppresses induction of immunity to dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). Forty subjects applied C-UCA ...
Anderson K S - - 2010
Psoriatic plaques present a complex expression profile, including high levels of cytokines, chemokines and growth factors. Circulating cytokines have been suggested to reflect the activation status of the inflammatory process. To analyse 20 cytokines, chemokines and growth factors in 14 patients with psoriasis vulgaris at the start and during the ...
Oyoshi Michiko K MK Division of Immunology, Children's Hospital and Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, - - 2010
Atopic dermatitis is characterized by scratching and by T(H)2-dominated immune response to cutaneously introduced antigens. Antigen application to skin mechanically injured by tape stripping results in T(H)2-dominated skin inflammation. To examine the effect of tape stripping on the capacity of skin dendritic cells (DCs) to polarize T cells toward a ...
Vu Anh Tuan - - 2010
Staphylococcus aureus heavily colonizes the lesions of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and is known to trigger a worsening of AD. However, the exact mechanism by which S. aureus promotes AD is unknown. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), which is highly expressed by keratinocytes in skin lesions of patients with AD ...
Jash Arijita - - 2011
Placenta extract features as a composition of ointments used for skin beautification, dermatological diseases and skin dryness. However, little evidence has been cited about its underlying mechanisms of action by which it exerts a beneficial role in dermatological diseases in vivo. In this study, we intended to test the effect ...
Schwarz Thomas - - 2011
Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is well known for its immunosuppressive properties. UVR can suppress immune reactions both in a local and a systemic fashion. One of the major molecular mediators of photoimmunosuppression is UVR-induced DNA damage. In contrast to immunosuppressive drugs, UVR does not act in a general but antigen-specific ...
Mansouri Kamran - - 2011
Psoriasis is a common chronic skin disease characterized by recurrent erythromatous skin plaques that exhibit epidermal hyperplasia, variable inflammatory cell infiltrate, and abnormalities of the dermal vascularization. The involvement of angiogenic growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and inflammatory cytokines such as IFNγ, IL-1, ...
Rosenblat Gennady - - 2011
Exposing skin to ultraviolet (UV) radiation contributes to photoaging and to the development of skin cancer by DNA lesions and triggering inflammatory and other harmful cellular cascades. The present study tested the ability of unique lipid molecules, polyhydroxylated fatty alcohols (PFA), extracted from avocado, to reduce UVB-induced damage and inflammation ...
Chung Wen-Hung - - 2010
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening adverse reactions, which could be induced by a variety of drugs. It was proposed that human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-restricted presentation of antigens (drugs or their metabolites) to T lymphocytes initiates the immune reactions of SJS/TEN. However, the genetic susceptibility and ...
Yu Chunping - - 2011
Excessive sun exposure or high acute doses of ultraviolet (UV)-B radiation promote cutaneous inflammation and genetic mutations, both of which can ultimately contribute to skin carcinogenesis. A major mediator synthesized in the epidermis in response to UVB irradiation is the secosteroid hormone vitamin D(3), and as such, considerable attention is ...
Sjögren Florence - - 2010
Insertion of a cutaneous microdialysis catheter into normal dermis has been shown to induce the production of IL1b, IL6 and IL8 in an innate response to minimal trauma. In the present study, skin biopsy for immunohistochemistry has been performed at the site of the microdialysis catheter to compare the findings ...
Monk Edward - - 2011
There are many proposed non-antimicrobial actions of tetracyclines. Pathways affected by these medications are often overexpressed in various dermatologic conditions. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes best known for breaking down connective tissue proteins and are upregulated in conditions involving dermal destruction. Inhibition of MMPs by tetracyclines has been emphasized as ...
Tonel Giulia - - 2010
Interleukin-23 is a key cytokine involved in the generation of Th17 effector cells. Clinical efficacy of an anti-p40 mAb blocking both IL-12 and IL-23 and disease association with single nucleotide polymorphisms in the IL23R gene raise the question of a functional role of IL-23 in psoriasis. In this study, we ...
Wang Zhixing Z Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, - - 2011
We show here that keratinocytic nuclear receptor retinoid X receptor-α (RXRα) regulates mouse keratinocyte and melanocyte homeostasis following acute UVR. Keratinocytic RXRα has a protective role in UVR-induced keratinocyte and melanocyte proliferation/differentiation, oxidative stress-mediated DNA damage, and cellular apoptosis. We discovered that keratinocytic RXRα, in a cell-autonomous manner, regulates mitogenic ...
Lei Xia X Section of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2010
Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States. Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation in sunlight is the major environmental factor causing skin cancer. p21, a p53-inducible protein, plays an important role in cell cycle, DNA repair, and apoptosis. Here we have investigated the effect of UVB radiation on ...
van Triel Jos J - - 2011
Previously, a selection of low molecular weight contact and respiratory allergens had tested positive in both a skin and a respiratory local lymph node assay (LLNA), but formaldehyde was negative for sensitization by inhalation. To investigate whether this was due to intrinsic properties of aldehyde sensitizers, the structurally related allergen ...
Kemp Matthew W MW School of Women's and Infants' Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia. - - 2011
Inflammation is a defensive process by which the body responds to both localized and systemic tissue damage by the induction of innate and adaptive immunity. Literature from human and animal studies links inappropriate in utero inflammation to preterm parturition and fetal injury. The pathways by which such inflammation may cause ...
Albanesi Cristina - - 2010
The aim of the review is to provide up-to-date information on the multiple roles of epidermal keratinocytes in the immune reactions associated with allergic contact dermatitis and atopic dermatitis skin diseases. In the last two decades, it has become clear that keratinocytes are highly active immunological cells, with major control ...
Niebuhr Margarete - - 2010
The human epidermis provides a first line of defense against exogenous pathogens. Resistance to bacterial skin infections, e.g. with Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), is based on the function of intact innate immune mechanisms in the epidermis, mainly provided by keratinocytes. They establish the local cytokine and chemokine milieu which is necessary ...
Neagu Monica - - 2010
Skin melanoma, a life-threatening disease, has a recently reported worldwide increase in incidence, despite primary prevention. Skin melanoma statistics emphasize the need for finding markers related to the immune response of the host. The mechanisms that are able to over-power the local immune surveillance comprise molecules that can be valuable ...
Prinz J C - - 2010
For many years, psoriasis was firmly believed to be a disease of epidermal keratinocytes, but now is attributed to a combination of genetic and environmental factors that promote a T-cell mediated immune response in the skin. Psoriasis is now understood to be a systemic T-cell mediated autoimmune disease with the ...
Hail Numsen N - - 2010
Teriflunomide (TFN) reportedly inhibits de novo pyrimidine synthesis and exhibits anti-inflammatory, disease-modifying activities in vivo. These qualities would suggest that TFN could be useful in skin cancer chemoprevention or therapy. We investigated some mechanistic aspects of this tenet by characterizing the effects of TFN on premalignant and malignant human cutaneous keratinocytes. ...
Tomlins Christine - - 2010
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are small DNA viruses, which specifically infect keratinocytes at different body sites. The association between cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) formation, ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and infection with a high-risk subset of cutaneous HPVs has been postulated although the underlying molecular mechanisms by which HPV may play a ...
Rubin I M C - - 2010
We have recently shown that commercial p-phenylenediamine (PPD)-containing hair dyes are potent immune activators that lead to severe contact hypersensitivity in an animal model. However, only a minority of people exposed to permanent hair dyes develops symptomatic contact hypersensitivity. This suggests that the majority of people exposed to hair dyes ...
Lee Young-Sook - - 2010
Ionizing radiation is used to treat many of cancers, however, it also produces unwanted side effect on normal tissues, such as radiodermatitis. We previously established an animal model for radiodermatitis, and found that X-ray irradiation induced the expression of ID3 in hairless mouse skin by cDNA microarray. The aim of ...
Hvid Malene - - 2011
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disease associated with a T(H)2 response and increased levels of T(H)2-associated cytokines and IgE. The mechanisms resulting in skewing the immune response in a T(H)2 direction in AD are not fully elucidated. However, such skewing has recently been associated with IL-25 in a ...
Haussmann D - - 2011
Glandular Kallikrein is a serine-protease with trypsin-like activity and is able to generate bioactive peptides from inactive precursors. We have evaluated the presence of this protease in the different organs of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). The results clearly indicate that GK and PRL are generated in the same pituitary ...
Huggenberger Reto - - 2010
The role of lymphangiogenesis in inflammation has remained unclear. To investigate the role of lymphatic versus blood vasculature in chronic skin inflammation, we inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor (VEGFR) signaling by function-blocking antibodies in the established keratin 14 (K14)-VEGF-A transgenic (Tg) mouse model of chronic cutaneous inflammation. Although ...
Blumberg Hal - - 2010
Psoriasis is a common immune-mediated disease in European populations; it is characterized by inflammation and altered epidermal differentiation leading to redness and scaling. T cells are thought to be the main driver, but there is also evidence for an epidermal contribution. In this article, we show that treatment of mouse ...
Sharma M - - 2011
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disorder of skin follicles caused by the gram-positive bacterium Propionibacterium acnes. The possibility was investigated that a standardized preparation of Echinacea purpurea (Echinaforce®), with known antiviral, antiinflammatory and antibacterial properties, might provide a useful alternative treatment in the control of the disease. The herbal extract ...
Hong S-W - - 2011
Recently, we found that Staphylococcus aureus produces extracellular vesicles (EV) that contain pathogenic proteins. Although S. aureus infection has been linked with atopic dermatitis (AD), the identities of the causative agents from S. aureus are controversial. We evaluated whether S. aureus-derived EV are causally related to the pathogenesis of AD. ...
Morgan Marjorie S MS Department of Biological Sciences, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, - - 2010
Studies have shown that molecules in an extract made from bodies of the ectoparasitic mite, Sarcoptes scabiei De Geer, modulate cytokine secretion from cultured human keratinocytes and fibroblasts. In vivo, in the parasitized skin, these cells interact with each other by contact and cytokine mediators and with the matrix in ...
Cerio Rino - - 2010
Colloidal oatmeal has a long history of beneficial use in dermatology. It is a natural product that has an excellent safety record and has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, drug-induced rash and other conditions. In recent years, in vitro and in vivo studies have begun to ...
Hedrick Michael N - - 2010
Psoriasis is a common, chronic autoimmune disease of the skin. Despite a number of effective treatments, new therapies are needed with enhanced efficacy, safety and convenience. Chemokine receptors are GPCRs that control leukocyte trafficking, and like other GPCRs, are good potential drug targets. The chemokine receptor CCR6 is expressed on ...
Feldmeyer Laurence - - 2010
Interleukin (IL)-1 is a highly active and pleiotropic pro-inflammatory cytokine. Recent data impressively demonstrate that activating mutations in a human gene involved in proIL-1beta maturation or loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) cause excessive activity of this cytokine. This can result in life-threatening systemic and local ...
Schürmann C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tightly controlled wound inflammation is a central determinant of skin flap survival in healthy mice. This study investigated inflammatory response patterns in caudally pedicled skin flaps in diabetic mice during severely impaired conditions of necrotic skin flap tissue loss. METHODS: Skin flap biopsies were analysed by RNase protection assay, ...
Yoshihisa Yoko - - 2010
Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis play important roles in the ultraviolet (UV)-induced inflammatory responses in the skin. Metal nanoparticles have been developed to increase the catalytic activity of metals, which is because of the large surface area of smaller particles. Platinum nanoparticles (nano-Pt) protected by poly acrylic acid ...
Zahn Sabine - - 2011
Type I IFNs (IFNα/β) have been shown to have a central role in the pathophysiology of lupus erythematosus (LE). The recently discovered type III IFNs (IFNλ1/IL29, IFNλ2/IL28a, IFNλ3/IL28b) share several functional similarities with type I IFNs, particularly in antiviral immunity. As IFNλs act primarily on epithelial cells, we investigated whether ...
Romanucci Mariarita - - 2011
Zinc deficiency causes skin diseases both in humans and in animals. The underlying pathogenic mechanisms remain unclear, but a growing body of evidence indicates a role for zinc in skin protection against free radical-induced oxidative damage. The immunohistochemical expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs; Hsp27, Hsp72, Hsp73 and Hsp90), Cu/Zn ...
Briot Anaïs - - 2010
Netherton syndrome (NS) is a severe genodermatosis characterized by abnormal scaling and constant atopic manifestations. NS is caused by mutations in SPINK5 (Serine Protease INhibitor Kazal-type 5), which encodes LEKTI (LymphoEpithelial Kazal Type-related Inhibitor). Lack of LEKTI causes stratum corneum detachment secondary to epidermal proteases hyperactivity. Whereas a skin barrier ...
Lee Sang Eun - - 2010
Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) has been known to produce various exogenous proteases, however, their role in acne pathogenesis remains largely unknown. Proteases elicit cellular responses, at least in part, via proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2), which is known to mediate inflammation and immune response. In this study, we investigated whether proteases from ...
Matthews Yasmin J - - 2010
Ultraviolet (UV) A radiation, which has both mutagenic and immune suppressive effects on the skin, is increasingly recognised as a key contributor to cutaneous carcinogenesis. Whilst short wavelength UVB (290-320 nm) is well-recognised as an environmental health hazard, the dangers of UVA (320-400 nm) are relatively unexplored. Using the nickel ...
Roberson Elisha D O ED Division of Human Genetics, Department of Genetics, Washington University School of Medicine, 4559 Scott Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2010
Psoriasis is a common incurable inflammatory skin disease affecting 2-3% of the European population. Psoriatic skin contains large numbers of immune cells which produce many cytokines, chemokines and inflammatory molecules. The epidermis divides much faster than normal and has a defective outer layer or barrier which under normal circumstances protects ...
Hedrych-Ozimina A - - 2011
FAS/CD95/Apo-1 is a ubiquitously expressed cell-surface receptor involved in the initiation of programmed cell death. Its function in epidermal keratinocytes has been incompletely defined. Available evidence from in vitro studies points to important roles of Fas in the pathogenesis of contact dermatitis and in keratinocyte apoptosis induced by ultraviolet light. ...
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