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Lechner Klaus K Clinical Division of Haematology and Haemostaseology, Department of Medicine I, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Bleeding and thrombosis are important complications in patients with malignant lymphomas. They may be due to direct actions of the lymphoma, such as venous compression or bone marrow infiltration, but they may also be caused by paraneoplastic phenomena, which are immune-mediated in most of the cases. The most important paraneoplastic ...
Jiao Jingjing J Division of Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY - - 2014
Neutrophils are the most abundant cell type in the immune system and play an important role in the innate immune response. Using a diverse range of mouse models with either defective dendritic cell (DC) development or conditional DC depletion, we provide in vivo evidence indicating that conventional DCs play an ...
Zhang Qiang Q Laboratory for Bio-Organic Chemistry and Cell Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research, New York, NY - - 2014
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a medicinally important glycoprotein, used as an immunostimulant following bone-marrow transplant. On the basis of reports of its potential utility as an anticancer vaccine adjuvant, we undertook to develop a synthetic route toward single-glycoform GM-CSF. We describe herein a convergent total synthesis of GM-CSF aglycone ...
Gardner Jason C JC Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH - - 2014
Traumatic injury is generally considered to have a suppressive effect on the immune system, resulting in increased susceptibility to infection. Paradoxically, we found that thermal injury to the skin induced a robust time-dependent protection of mice from a lethal Klebsiella pneumoniae pulmonary challenge. The protective response was neutrophil dependent and ...
Bowcutt R R 1] Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK [2] Present address: Department of Microbiology, New York University, New York, - - 2014
The ability of the colon to generate an immune response to pathogens, such as the model pathogen Trichuris muris, is a fundamental and critical defense mechanism. Resistance to T. muris infection is associated with the rapid recruitment of dendritic cells (DCs) to the colonic epithelium via epithelial chemokine production. However, ...
Parsons Matthew W MW Department of Rheumatology, Immunology, and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA - - 2014
The myeloid C-type lectin receptor Dectin-2 directs the generation of Th2 and Th17 immune responses to the house dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae through the generation of cysteinyl leukotrienes and proinflammatory cytokines, respectively, but a role for Dectin-2 in effector phase responses has not been described. In this study, we demonstrate ...
- - 2014
Ionizing irradiation and PD-L1 blockade synergistically enhance antitumor immunity.
Gupta Manish M Molecular Biology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110067, - - 2014
IRF-1 is a critical hematopoietic transcription factor, which regulates cell growth, development of immune cells, immune response, tumor suppression, apoptosis and autophagy in mammalian cells. Protein-protein interactions of IRF-1 in mouse bone marrow cells (BMCs) by GST-IRF-1 pull-down followed by mass spectrometry, coimmunoprecipitation, immunoblotting and colocalization show that Regulated in ...
Zaretsky Arielle Glatman AG Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
The bone marrow (BM) is an important site for the interrelated processes of hematopoiesis, granulopoiesis, erythropoiesis, and lymphopoiesis. A wide variety of microbial challenges are associated with profound changes in this compartment that impact on hematopoietic differentiation and mobilization of a variety of cell types. This article reviews some of ...
Cho Dong-Im DI Research Laboratory of Cardiovascular Regeneration, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, South - - 2014
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been widely studied for their applications in stem cell-based regeneration. During myocardial infarction (MI), infiltrated macrophages have pivotal roles in inflammation, angiogenesis and cardiac remodeling. We hypothesized that MSCs may modulate the immunologic environment to accelerate regeneration. This study was designed to assess the functional ...
Goto Yukinobu Y Department of Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2013
A bone marrow (BM) response induced by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) as a systemic inflammatory reaction has previously been postulated but not clarified. Newly released polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and monocytes from the BM are known to be immature, indicating their greater potential to damage tissue. The present study aimed to examine ...
Czerner Christoph P - - 2013
Expression and function of histamine H4-receptor, an immunomodulatory receptor involved in inflammatory diseases, on murine macrophages, which are vital for immunity, were investigated. The expression pattern of histamine receptors on bone marrow-derived macrophages of BALB/c mice and on RAW 264.7 cells was studied at the mRNA level by reverse transcription ...
Yaxin Wang W Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2013
The recruitment of neutrophils plays an important role in the progress of acute lung injury (ALI). Excessive neutrophils released from bone marrow accumulate in lung, release proinflammatory factors, and cause tissue damage. CXCL-12/CXCR4 is an important signaling pathway, which regulates the migration of bone marrow hematopoietic cells out of bone ...
Sun Li-Fei LF Department of Tumor Research and Treatment Centricity, People's Liberation Army No. 148 Hospital, Zibo, Shandong 255300, China. Email: - - 2013
Immune-related hematocytopenia (IRH) is considered to be related with the production of autoantibody, as well as the activation of humoral immunity which is stimulated by B lymphocyte. This study aimed to observe the levels of various cytokines in the blood serum and the in situ active state of macrophage (Mφ) ...
Sun Yuan-Xin - - 2013
Immunological disorder has shown to be related to the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The microenvironment of AML is immunosuppressive, favoring the survival of malignant hematopoietic cells. However, the systematic research on AML abnormal immune microenvironment, especially the T helper (Th) cells imbalance, remains unsettled. The levels of cytokines ...
Tano Jean-Yves - - 2013
Macrophage apoptosis plays a determinant role in progression of atherosclerotic lesions. An important goal in atherosclerosis research is to identify new components of macrophage apoptosis that can eventually be exploited as molecular targets in strategies aimed at manipulating macrophage function in the lesion. In previous work from our laboratory we ...
Devi Sapna - - 2013
Blood neutrophil homeostasis is essential for successful host defense against invading pathogens. Circulating neutrophil counts are positively regulated by CXCR2 signaling and negatively regulated by the CXCR4-CXCL12 axis. In particular, G-CSF, a known CXCR2 signaler, and plerixafor, a CXCR4 antagonist, have both been shown to correct neutropenia in human patients. ...
Barcellini Wilma - - 2013
Autoimmune phenomena and cytokines were investigated in 100 patients with myelofibrosis (MF) and related to marrow fibrosis and clinical risk. Anti-erythrocyte antibodies by mitogen-stimulated direct antiglobulin test (MS-DAT) were positive in 45%, anti-platelets in 15% and organ/non organ-specific in 57% of cases, without clinically overt disease, and mostly in low-risk/intermediate-risk-1 ...
Vishwas Dipanshu Kumar - - 2013
The pineal gland transduces day length information into chemical signal of melatonin that ultimately translates photic stimulus into season-specific immune responses to promote survival of individual from incidence of opportunistic diseases. To date, the immune adjustments being a result of photoperiodic exposures for any nocturnal seasonally breeding rodent have not ...
Au Joyce T - - 2013
Electroporation uses an electric field to induce pores in the cell membrane that can transfer macromolecules into target cells. Modulation of electrical parameters leads to irreversible electroporation (IRE), which is being developed for tissue ablation. We sought to evaluate whether the application of IRE may induce a lesser electric field ...
Hu Liping L Feinberg School of Medicine and Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2013
Emergency granulopoiesis is a component of the innate immune response that is induced in response to infectious or inflammatory challenge. It is characterized by the rapid expansion and differentiation of granulocyte/monocyte progenitor (GMP) populations, which is due in part to a shortened S-phase of the cell cycle. We found that ...
Cappelli Enrico - - 2013
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare, complex disorder that manifests in childhood. Children with FA suffer bone marrow failure, leukemias, or solid tumors. FA-associated mutations are found in 15 proteins that are involved in DNA repair. Some of these proteins have extranuclear activities involving redox balance, apoptosis, and energy metabolism; ...
Gallo Richard L - - 2013
Modern immunology has seen an apparent revolution with the recognition that human immune defense is not only the responsibility of bone marrow-derived leucocytes, but also dependent on a coordinated network of many cell types including epithelial cells, fibroblasts and neural elements. This classic paper by Alexander Fleming and V.D. Allison ...
Matsui Ken K Human Papillomavirus Immunology Laboratory, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC)-Frederick, Incorporated, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, MD, - - 2013
Fanconi anaemia (FA), dyskeratosis congenita (DC), Diamond-Blackfan anaemia (DBA), and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) are characterized by the progressive development of bone marrow failure. Overproduction of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) from activated bone marrow T-cells has been proposed as a mechanism of FA-related aplasia. Whether such overproduction occurs in the other ...
Ballow Mark - - 2013
The field of Primary Immune Deficiency Disorders (PIDD) has advanced rapidly over the past several years with over 200 different gene mutations defined. With the recent institution of newborn screening for T cell deficiencies in many states and earlier recognition of the signs and symptoms of patients with immune deficiency, ...
Xue Ming - - 2013
IFN-γ is a cytokine that plays crucial role in innate and adaptive immunity against viral and intracellular bacterial infections and for tumor control. IFN-γ is also a key activator of macrophages [1,2]. In the present study, we studied detailed modulation of IFN-γ on phenotypic and functional maturation of murine bone ...
Guichelaar Teun - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) can prevent graft-vs.-host disease as induced by the infusion of donor lymphocytes to cancer patients, but often they also suppress therapeutic antitumor immunity. We discuss an exception to this phenomenon, exemplifying how the milieu provided by the bone marrow may neutralize Tregs to allow local immune ...
Nipp Ryan D - - 2013
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive disease that predominantly affects elderly patients. Cytokines and chemokines are major players in the pathogenesis of AML. They regulate the disease course and play a deleterious role in the progression of AML. The geriatric population is particularly vulnerable to these mediators as these ...
Li Wei - - 2013
Radix Astragali (Astragalus membranaceus) is an important traditional Chinese medicine that is widely used as a tonic to enhance the body's natural defense mechanisms. In this phytochemical study, 12 flavonoids, isoliquiritigenin (1), liquiritigenin (2), calycosin (3), calycosin 7-O-β-D-glucoside (4), formononetin (5), formononetin 7-O-β-D-glucoside (6), daidzein (7), daidzein 7-O-β-D-glucoside (8), methylnissolin ...
Santisteban Monica M - - 2013
It is widely accepted that the pathophysiology of hypertension involves autonomic nervous system dysfunction, as well as a multitude of immune responses. However, the close interplay of these systems in the development and establishment of high blood pressure and its associated pathophysiology remains elusive and is the subject of extensive ...
Yu Zaifang - - 2013
To explore the possibility that nucleotide oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1) pathway involved in refractoriness of interferon-β signaling in mouse respiratory epithelial cells induced by the anticancer xanthone compound, 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA). C10 mouse bronchial epithelial cells were grown in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum, 2 ...
Halbrich Michelle - - 2013
This case report describes a 14 year old boy who presented to the emergency department with symptoms of severe anemia. He was diagnosed with autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and on further investigation, it was noted that he had no functioning T cells. Despite no antecedent history of severe infection, he was ...
Casanova-Acebes María - - 2013
Unique among leukocytes, neutrophils follow daily cycles of release from and migration back into the bone marrow, where they are eliminated. Because removal of dying cells generates homeostatic signals, we explored whether neutrophil elimination triggers circadian events in the steady state. Here, we report that the homeostatic clearance of neutrophils ...
Brenner Karen - - 2013
Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is the process by which normal blood cells are produced outside the bone marrow. In humans, EMH effusions are rare and are characterized by the presence of megakaryocytes, immature erythrocytes, immature leukocytes, or combinations of those cells. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report to ...
Martin Katherine R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: People with Down syndrome (DS) are more susceptible to infections and autoimmune disease, but the molecular genetic basis for these immune defects remains undetermined. In this study, we tested whether increased expression of the chromosome 21 gene RCAN1 contributes to immune dysregulation. METHODS: We investigated the immune phenotype of ...
Bıçakçı Zafer - - 2013
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a clinicopathologic condition characterized by high fever, hepatosplenomegaly, cytopenia, hyperferritinemia, and increased hemophagocytic macrophage proliferation and activation in the reticuloendothelial system. Primary HLH is familial and is a fatal disease that begins during early childhood. Secondary HLH may be acquired after intense activation of the immune ...
Tak Tamar - - 2013
Neutrophils are the most abundant white blood cells and are indispensable for host defense. Recently, they have also been implicated in immune regulation and suppression. The latter functions seem hard to reconcile with the widely held view that neutrophils are very short-lived, with a circulatory half-life of <7 h. To ...
Thuy Tran Thi Thu - - 2013
A series of N-substituted-1,2,3-triazole murrayafoline A derivatives were successfully synthesized using click azide-alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition reaction between 1-methoxy-3-methyl-9-(3-azido)-propyl-9H-carbazole and substituted alkynes. Their chemical structures were confirmed by (1)H, (13)C NMR and HR-ESI-MS spectral data. In addition, the interested effects on LPS-stimulated production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells ...
Strydom Natasha - - 2013
Neutrophils are the most abundant circulating leukocyte and play a fundamental role in the innate immune response. Patients with neutropenia, leukocyte adhesion deficiency syndrome or chronic granulomatous disease are particularly prone to bacterial and fungal infection. However, the highly destructive capacity of these cells also increases the potential for neutrophil ...
Glass Aaron M - - 2013
Macrophages that lack connexin43 (Cx43), a gap junction protein, have been reported to exhibit dramatic deficiencies in phagocytosis. In this study, we revisit these findings using well-characterized macrophage populations. Cx43 knockout (Cx43(-/-)) mice die soon after birth, making the harvest of macrophages from adult Cx43(-/-) mice problematic. To overcome this ...
Lorimore Sally A - - 2013
Radiation-induced bystander and abscopal effects, in which DNA damage is produced by inter-cellular communication, indicate mechanisms of generating damage in addition to those observed in directly irradiated cells. In this article, we show that the bone marrow of irradiated p53(+/+) mice, but not p53(-/-) mice, produces the inflammatory pro-apoptotic cytokines ...
Scheinberg Phillip - - 2013
Aplastic anemia (AA) is currently perceived as an immune-mediated disease in which aberrant effector cells recognize and destroy primitive marrow elements, resulting in pancytopenia. The immune hypothesis is based on clinical observations of responsiveness of AA to immunomodulatory agents such as anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) and the requirement of cyclosporine to ...
Das Madhurima - - 2013
The pathogenesis of bone marrow failure in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is an unresolved mystery. MDS causes peripheral blood cytopenias and increased bone marrow cellularity. This apparent paradox has been interpreted as a sign of intramedullary destruction of a substantial portion of the developing hematopoietic cells by apoptosis. The present study ...
Chow Andrew A Ruth L. and David S. Gottesman Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, - - 2013
A role for macrophages in erythropoiesis was suggested several decades ago when erythroblastic islands in the bone marrow, composed of a central macrophage surrounded by developing erythroblasts, were described. However, the in vivo role of macrophages in erythropoiesis under homeostatic conditions or in disease remains unclear. We found that specific ...
Kolaczkowska Elzbieta - - 2013
Neutrophils have traditionally been thought of as simple foot soldiers of the innate immune system with a restricted set of pro-inflammatory functions. More recently, it has become apparent that neutrophils are, in fact, complex cells capable of a vast array of specialized functions. Although neutrophils are undoubtedly major effectors of ...
Montecino-Rodriguez Encarnacion E Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2013
The effects of aging on the immune system are manifest at multiple levels that include reduced production of B and T cells in bone marrow and thymus and diminished function of mature lymphocytes in secondary lymphoid tissues. As a result, elderly individuals do not respond to immune challenge as robustly ...
Lorimore Sally A - - 2013
Radiation-induced bystander and abscopal effects, in which DNA damage is produced by inter-cellular communication, indicate mechanisms of generating damage in addition to those observed in directly irradiated cells. In this article, we show that the bone marrow of irradiated p53(+/+) mice, but not p53(-/-) mice, produces the inflammatory pro-apoptotic cytokines ...
Velegraki Maria - - 2013
Background. Excessive pro-inflammatory cytokine production in the bone marrow has been associated with the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndromes. We herein investigated the involvement of toll-like receptors and their endogenous ligands in the induction/maintenance of the inflammatory process in the marrow of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. Design-Methods. We evaluated the expression ...
Reikvam Håkon - - 2013
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by bone marrow accumulation of immature leukemic blast cells. Conventional AML treatment includes induction chemotherapy to achieve disease control, followed by consolidation therapy with conventional chemotherapy or allogeneic/autologous stem cell transplantation (allo/auto-SCT) to eradicate residual disease. Even younger patients receiving the most intensive treatment ...
Vong Linda - - 2013
Neutrophils are one of the first cells to respond to an inflammatory stimulus, and are equipped with an assortment of antimicrobial and proteolytic enzymes to disarm and degrade bacterial pathogens. A novel mechanism of bacterial trapping, termed neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), was recently described whereby neutrophils were shown to cast ...
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