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Soldini Davide D Institute for Surgical Pathology, University Hospital and University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
To investigate whether drugs others than mycophenolic acid and ipilimumab might cause graft-versus-host-like apoptotic enteropathy, the clinicopathological findings in four patients were examined who had developed watery diarrhoea and apoptotic enteropathy (three cases from colon and one case from ileal pouch) after intake of antimetabolites (methotrexate and capecitabine) and/or tumour ...
Attia Sameh K SK Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Andrology, Al-Minya University Hospital, Al-Minya University, Al-Minya, - - 2014
Cutaneous schistosomal granuloma (CSG) is a rare dermatological disease, the clinical and histopathological features of which are well defined. Although a panoramic picture of its immunopathogenesis in humans is not yet available, it is believed to be induced by T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, or Th17 cytokines in animals. This study ...
Malakouti Mona M Chicago Medical School, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science , North Chicago, IL , USA - - 2014
Abstract Background: Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition traditionally believed to involve the Th1 pathway. Recently, the IL-23/Th17/IL-17 pathway has been highlighted in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and other autoimmune inflammatory conditions. From a clinician's perspective, we sought to review the basic science data relevant to IL-17's role in psoriasis ...
Hanson Anne H AH Department of Dermatology, Saint Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
A 17-year-old Caucasian woman presented for evaluation and treatment of a tender expanding linear plaque on her left flank. Biopsy findings were consistent with morphea. Treatment initially included intralesional steroid injections and topical calcipotriene ointment, followed by methotrexate and excimer laser. The lesion decreased in size considerably with relief of ...
Liu Juan J Department of Dermatology, University of Maryland - - 2014
The cytokine IL-9, derived primarily from T-helper (Th)-9 lymphocytes, promotes expansion of the Th2 subset and is implicated in the mechanisms of allergic asthma. We hypothesize that IL-9 also plays a role in human allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). To investigate this hypothesis, skin biopsy specimens of positive patch test sites ...
Sanz Ana Belen AB Laboratory of Nephrology, IIS-Fundacion Jimenez Diaz, Madrid, Spain; REDinREN, Madrid, - - 2014
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is complicated by peritonitis episodes that cause loss of mesothelium and eventually sclerosing peritonitis. An improved understanding of the molecular contributors to peritoneal injury and defense may increase the therapeutic armamentarium to optimize peritoneal defenses while minimizing peritoneal injury. There is no information on the expression and ...
Machado F A - - 2014
The aim of this study was to characterize infiltrating immune cells in cervical stroma biopsy samples from patients diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasias (CINs) who were treated with IFN-alpha 2b. The authors studied 13 volunteers who were diagnosed with Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIN II or III and who received intra-lesional ...
Li Qiuyu Q Renal Division, Department of Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China ; Institute of Nephrology, Peking University, Beijing 100034, China ; Key Laboratory of Renal Disease, Ministry of Health of China, Beijing 100034, China ; Key Laboratory of Chronic Kidney Disease Prevention and Treatment, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100034, - - 2014
Objective. To assess clinicopathological characteristics of lupus nephritis patients with scanty immune deposits. Methods. The data of patients with scanty immune deposits lupus nephritis were retrospectively analyzed. Plasma ANCA and complement components were detected. Results. Among 316 cases with renal biopsy-proven lupus nephritis, 40 cases were diagnosed as scanty immune ...
Brüggen Marie-Charlotte - - 2013
Graft-versus-host disease is a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) and can present in an acute (aGVHD), a chronic lichenoid (clGVHD) and a chronic sclerotic form (csGVHD). It is unclear whether similar or different pathomechanisms lead to these distinct clinical presentations. To address this issue, we collected ...
Toberer Ferdinand - - 2013
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease. Different pathogenetic mechanisms, including the accumulation of apoptotic keratinocytes in CLE, have been reported. Therefore, we investigated whether CLE and other inflammatory skin diseases differ with regard to the epidermal expression of molecules that are crucial for the initiation and regulation ...
Rajaguru Paramaguru - - 2013
Background: Celiac disease (CD) an immune-mediated disorder associates with accumulation of dendritic cell (DC) in duodenal mucosa. Autophagy has recently been implicated in autoantigen formation. However, its role in CD is still unknown. Aim: To examine role of autophagic protein LC3 expressed by activated DC in CD. Materials and Methods ...
Takechi Hanako - - 2013
The therapeutic effect of tonsillectomy for immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) has been widely recognized, but the mechanism by which tonsillar immunity leads to glomerulonephritis has been unclear. We investigated subtypes and localization of dendritic cells (DCs) in tonsils and looked for relationships between the tonsillar DCs and the clinical features ...
Seoudi Noha - - 2013
TLRs are PRRs that play a pivotal role in sensing exogenous pathogens and endogenous danger signals. Their role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and immune-related diseases is gradually being unravelled. TLR2 and TLR4 are capable of sensing the oral microbial community, which is considered a potential trigger for Behçet's disease ...
Lampinen Maria M 2.Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, ML7028, Cincinnati, OH, 45229; E-mail, simon.hogan@cchmc.org; and Gastroenterology Research Group, Department of Medical Sciences, University Hospital, Uppsala 751 85 Sweden; E-mail, - - 2013
This study tested the hypothesis that eotaxins (CCL11, CCL24, and CCL26) and IL-5 contribute to eosinophil recruitment to the intestine in UC and that intestinal macrophages are important producers of CCL11 in this disease. Peripheral blood and rectal biopsy samples were obtained from patients with active (n=18) and quiescent UC ...
Liapis George - - 2013
The main purpose of this study was to define diagnostic histological characteristics of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)-related colitis in association with crypt epithelial cell turnover. The examined material included 43 colonic biopsies from renal transplant recipients with MMF administration and persistent diarrhoea. Thirty-three cases showed MMF-related colitis, while 10 showed no ...
Moorchung Nikhil - - 2013
The pathogenesis of psoriasis is still to be fully unraveled. The immunological theory with T cells at the centre of attraction and peripherally acting cytokines are the present favourites among aetiopathological factors. Histopathology of the skin lesions offers a good study model to understand the pathogenesis of this complex disease. ...
Ives Edward J - - 2013
A 4-month-old female entire domestic shorthair cat presented with an acute onset of blindness, tetraparesis and subsequent generalised seizure activity. Haematology and serum biochemistry demonstrated a moderate, poorly regenerative anaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and hyperglobulinaemia with a low albumin:globulin ratio. Serology for feline coronavirus antibody was positive with an elevated alpha-1 acid ...
Meena Naresh K - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a key cell surface receptor which recognizes lipopolysaccharide that leads to activation of innate immune system. Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLR4 gene with the inflammatory bowel disease is influenced by ethnicity of the study population. GOAL:: To study association of SNPs ...
Franzè Eleonora - - 2013
: Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) plays a major role in the tissue-damaging immune response in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). The tissue concentration of TNF-α is related to the activity of "A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease" (ADAMs), enzymes that process membrane-bound TNF-α and liberate the TNF-α trimer into the extracellular environment. ...
Singh Shailender - - 2013
Microglial nodules in the normal-appearing white matter have been suggested as the earliest stage(s) of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesion formation. Such nodules are characterized by an absence of leukocyte infiltration, astrogliosis or demyelination, and may develop into active demyelinating MS lesions. Although the etiology of MS is still not known, ...
Kim Min-Kyung - - 2013
Immune complex-mediated complement activation through the classic pathway plays a key role in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). C4d deposition in renal tissue reflects the prognosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of the current study is to investigate the pathogenesis and clinicopathologic significance of glomerular C4d deposition ...
Wang L - - 2012
Fanconi anemia (FA) patients have an increased risk of acute GVHD (aGVHD) after hematopoietic SCT, with hypersensitivity to DNA-cross-linking agents and defective DNA repair. MicroRNA-34 and p53 can induce apoptosis after DNA damage.Here we assessed epithelial cell apoptosis, and studied TP53 and miR-34a expression in the skin and gut biopsies ...
Ferrario Franco - - 2012
According to the recent 2012 Chapel Hill Consensus Conference, ANCA-associated vasculitis is classified in the group of small vessel vasculitis. Pauci-immune necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis is the morphological hallmark of ANCA-associated vasculitis. Crescentic damage of the glomerular tuft is characterized by macrophage accumulation through vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) activation. Macrophages ...
Abarbanel David N DN Department of Pediatrics, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2013
Vancomycin has been shown to affect tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) pathways as an immunomodulator; this is thought to be separate from its function as an antibiotic [1]. Previous studies have shown that oral vancomycin (OV) is an effective treatment for concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) ...
Tsuruyama Tatsuaki - - 2012
Acute rejection of a small-bowel transplant is often difficult to diagnose due to complicated immune responses. The present study aimed to elucidate the specific immune responses involved in intestinal transplant rejection. We correlated immunohistologic findings with an increase in crypt apoptosis, which has been commonly accepted as a criterion for ...
Stenzel Werner - - 2012
Immune-mediated necrotizing myopathies (IMNMs) are now well recognized among the so-called idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), which also comprise dermatomyositis (DM), polymyositis (PM), sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) and non-specific myositis. All of these conditions are defined on the basis of distinct clinical symptoms, in combination with results derived from muscle ...
Chandok Natasha N Division of Gastroenterology, Western University, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic inflammatory cholangiopathy that results in fibrotic strictures and dilations of the intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts. PSC is uncommon, occurs predominantly in males and has a strong association with inflammatory bowel disease. While the pathogenesis of PSC has not been fully elucidated, emerging ...
Chaudhary Khurram M - - 2012
The authors report a case of immune reconstitution uveitis induced by cytomegalovirus retinitis with subsequent development of vitreoretinal traction and a resultant retinal tear.
Xue Fu-Min - - 2012
The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been fully understood yet. Eosinophils (Eo) are one type of the major proinflammatory cells of the chronic inflammation in the intestine. CD98 is involved in the pathogenesis of a number of inflammations. This study aims to elucidate the role of CD98(+) ...
Broadhurst Mara Jana MJ Division of Experimental Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America. - - 2012
Idiopathic chronic diarrhea (ICD) is a leading cause of morbidity amongst rhesus monkeys kept in captivity. Here, we show that exposure of affected animals to the whipworm Trichuris trichiura led to clinical improvement in fecal consistency, accompanied by weight gain, in four out of the five treated monkeys. By flow ...
Kammeyer Arthur A Department of Dermatology, Academic Medical Center (AMC), University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 22700, 1100 DE Amsterdam, The - - 2012
Urocanic acid (UCA) derivatives were tested for their anti-inflammatory activity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in two models: ex vivo and an experimental mouse model. Ex vivo: inflamed colonic tissue was incubated in culture medium with or without the UCA derivatives. Biopsies, incubated with UCA derivatives, produced lower levels of ...
Su Zhenyi - - 2011
We showed previously that calcineurin B subunit (CnB) could inhibit S180 solid tumor growth in mice and prolong the survival of mice bearing H22 ascites tumors, but the underlying antitumor mechanism remained unclear. Here, we report that the calcineurin B subunit binds to CD11b on RAW264.7 macrophages and induces TRAIL ...
Wang Xinyu - - 2011
Toll like receptors (TLRs) function as pattern-reorganization receptors in mammals and play an essential role in innate immunity. After recognizing certain ligands, TLRs activate a cascade of signal pathways to establish a guard environment. Here for the first time, we report that in vitro treatment of recombinant calcineurin subunit B ...
Koorts A M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The expression of the two types of ferritin subunits, the H-subunit and L-subunit, has been shown to be differentially regulated by cytokines. The primary aim of the present study was to quantitatively measure the expression of the H-subunit and L-subunit of ferritin in bone marrow macrophages and cells of ...
Ishioka Taisei - - 2011
RSV (respiratory syncytial virus)-induced pneumonia and bronchiolitis may be associated with hyperresponsive conditions, including asthma. Eosinophilic proteins such as MBP (major basic protein) may also be associated with the pathophysiology of asthma. To elucidate the roles of RSV infection and MBP in the pathogenesis of pneumonia with hyperresponsiveness, we investigated ...
Van Den Steen P E - - 2011
Malaria is a global tropical disease causing more than 1 million deaths and 300 million clinical cases every year. It is caused by parasites from the genus Plasmodium and is transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes. Approximately 3 billion people live in malaria-endemic regions and a majority of them are infected. In ...
Haut Larissa H LH Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2010
Most studies on E1-deleted adenovirus (Ad) vectors as vaccine carriers for antigens of HIV-1 have focused on induction of central immune responses, although stimulation of mucosal immunity at the genital tract (GT), the primary port of entry of HIV-1, would also be highly desirable. In this study, different immunization protocols ...
Madhumathi J - - 2010
Filarial nematodes down-regulate the host immune response to establish infection by inducing IL-10-mediated T-cell suppression.Abundant larval transcript (ALT) proteins are of major interest as they are expressed abundantly in the L3 stage, implicated in protective immunity and may play a role in immune evasion. The T-cell epitopes of BmALT-2 and ...
Zeng Ruihong - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the primary cause of serious lower respiratory tract illness in infants and young children worldwide. The mechanism is largely unknown. RSV stimulates airway epithelial cells and resident leukocytes to release cytokines. Cytokines and chemokines involved in host response to RSV infection are thought to play ...
- - 2010
COVER IMAGE: The cover image of this issue shows a dendritic cell with an engaged T cell during homeostatic contact, as captured by confocal miscroscopy; the staining represents F-actin (green), the phosphotyrosine signal (blue) and CD3 (red). The image was kindly provided by Storim et al. (pp. 2741-2750) whose study ...
Haut Larissa H - - 2010
Most studies on E1-deleted adenovirus (Ad) vectors as vaccine carriers for antigens of HIV-1 have focused on induction of central immune responses, although stimulation of mucosal immunity at the genital tract (GT), the primary port of entry of HIV-1, would also be highly desirable. In this study, different immunization protocols ...
Kaiko Gerard E - - 2010
Severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection has long been associated with an increased risk for the development of childhood asthma and exacerbations of this disorder. Despite much research into the induction of Th2 responses by allergens and helminths, the factors associated with viral infection that predispose to Th2-regulated asthma remain ...
Sinha Kanchan - - 2010
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) of the HSP60 and HSP70 family are highly conserved and essential to all living organisms. Hsps are immunodominant in numerous microbial infections and have been investigated for their vaccine potential. We investigated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of GroEL and DnaK of B. anthracis in murine ...
Lin Adora A - - 2010
Intracranial (i.c.) lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection of mice results in T cell-driven anorexia and weight loss, which is diminished in males compared to females. We investigated sex-specific effects on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and T cells after i.c. LCMV infection. Numbers of LCMV-specific T cells, APC activation, and levels of ...
Kallal Lara E - - 2010
Development of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue has been suggested to enhance local antiviral immune responses; however, ectopic lymph node formation often corresponds to chronic inflammatory diseases. These studies investigated the role of ectopic pulmonary lymph nodes upon respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection using CCR7-deficient mice, which develop bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue early ...
Chow S-E - - 2010
ΔNp63, the N-terminal truncated isoform of p63, has been found to be overexpressed in several human epithelial cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPCs), suggesting a function in carcinogenesis. Trans-resveratrol (RSV) has been shown to exert proapoptotic activities through a p53-dependent or p53-independent pathway in various cancer cells. However, the effects of ...
von Gegerfelt Agneta - - 2010
Indian rhesus macaques infected with the Rev-independent live-attenuated SIVmac239 strains control viremia to undetectable levels, have persistent but low cellular and humoral anti-SIV responses, and show no signs of immune deficiency. To analyze the immune mechanisms responsible for viral control, five macaques infected at day 1 after birth were subjected ...
Negri Donatella R M - - 2010
Nonintegrating lentiviral vectors are being developed as a efficient and safe delivery system for both gene therapy and vaccine purposes. Several reports have demonstrated that a single immunization with integration-defective lentiviral vectors (IDLVs) delivering viral or tumor model antigens in mice was able to elicit broad and long-lasting specific immune ...
Hünig Thomas - - 2010
The costimulatory receptor CD28 and IL-4Ralpha containing cytokine receptors play key roles in controlling the size and quality of pathogen-specific immune responses. Thus, CD28-mediated costimulation is needed for effective primary T-cell expansion and for the generation and activation of regulatory T-cells (Treg cells), which protect from immunopathology. Similarly, IL-4Ralpha signals ...
Salerno-Goncalves Rosângela - - 2010
T cells are likely to play an important role in the host defense against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, the causative agent of typhoid fever. We have shown that HLA-E can function as a restriction element for S. Typhi-specific CD8(+) T cells. Because of the potential importance of HLA-E-restricted CD8(+) responses ...
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