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Moons Wesley G WG Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, United States. - - 2010
In contrast to a general model of stress, a functional model suggests that emotions may regulate stress responses in specific adaptive ways. The current study examined whether anger and fear during a challenging stress task (Trier Social Stress Task) were differentially associated with cortisol and proinflammatory cytokine responses to an ...
Ventura Lori M - - 2009
Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is a relatively new discipline within the field of neuroscience which researches the relationship between emotional states, the central and peripheral nervous systems, and the endocrine and immune systems. Negative psychological states, such as stress, anxiety, and depression, may alter immune system regulation and modulation of peripheral cytokines. ...
Sato Motohiko - - 2009
Ischemic injury of the heart is associated with activation of multiple signal transduction systems including the heterotrimeric G-protein system. Here, we report a role of the ischemia-inducible regulator of G betagamma subunit, AGS8, in survival of cardiomyocytes under hypoxia. Cultured rat neonatal cardiomyocytes (NCM) were exposed to hypoxia or hypoxia/reoxygenation ...
Khaitan Divya - - 2009
The glycolytic inhibitor 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) has been used as a therapeutic agent and as an adjuvant in cancer therapy with either weekly fractions of the treatment or daily administration. While the weekly fraction has often been found to be nontoxic and effective, other treatment regimes are tolerated to a relatively ...
Yoshida Hiderou - - 2009
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) response has been thought a cytoprotective mechanism to cope with accumulation of unfolded proteins in the ER. Recent progress has made a quantum leap revealing that ER stress response can be regarded as an autoregulatory system adjusting the ER capacity to cellular demand. This Copernican change ...
Bury-Mon?? St??phanie - - 2009
The Bae, Cpx, Psp, Rcs, and sigma(E) pathways constitute the Escherichia coli signaling systems that detect and respond to alterations of the bacterial envelope. Contributions of these systems to stress response have previously been examined individually; however, the possible interconnections between these pathways are unknown. Here we investigate the dynamics ...
Senkal Can E CE Hollings Cancer Center, 86 Jonathan Lucas Street, Charleston, SC 29425, - - 2010
Emerging results suggest that ceramides with different fatty acid chain lengths might play distinct functions in the regulation of tumor growth and therapy. Here we report that de novo-generated C(18)- and C(16)-ceramides by ceramide synthases 1 and 6 (CerS1 and CerS6) play opposing proapoptotic and prosurvival roles, respectively, in human ...
Kiran Madanahally D - - 2009
Staphylococci are common pathogens of implant-related infections. RIP is a heptapeptide (YSPWTNF-NH2 ) that was shown to be very effective in preventing and treating antibiotic-resistant staphylococcal infections, in healing polymicrobial wounds, and in enhancing the effect of commonly used antibiotics. How the peptide negatively affects the survival of the bacteria ...
Chai Jin - - 2010
Glucocorticoid (GC) are stress hormones, whose cytotoxicity has been shown in various cells. The imbalance of calcium homeostasis is believed to be associated with the dexamethasone (DEX, a synthetic GC)-induced apoptosis. Here we show that in C2C12 myoblasts, DEX markedly up-regulated the expression of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor 1 (IP3R1) and ...
Cunha Daniel A - - 2009
Chronic exposure of pancreatic beta-cells to saturated free fatty acids (FFAs) causes endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis and may contribute to beta-cell loss in type 2 diabetes. Here, we evaluated the molecular mechanisms involved in the protection of beta-cells from lipotoxic ER stress by glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 agonists utilized ...
Stacchiotti Alessandra - - 2009
A close link between stress protein up-regulation and oxidative damage may provide a novel therapeutic tool to counteract nephrotoxicity induced by toxic metals in the human population, mainly in children, of industrialized countries. Here we analysed the time course of the expression of several heat shock proteins, glucose-regulated proteins and ...
Lin Ann E - - 2009
Campylobacter jejuni is a human pathogen causing severe diarrheal disease; however, our understanding of the survival of C. jejuni during disease and transmission remains limited. Amino acid ATP binding cassette (AA-ABC) transporters in C. jejuni have been proposed as important pathogenesis factors. We have investigated a novel AA-ABC transporter system, ...
Hedrick Stephen M SM Section of Molecular Biology and Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, The University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA. - - 2009
A screen for increased longevity in Caenorhabditis elegans has identified a transcription factor that programs cells for resistance to oxidative stress, DNA repair and cell cycle control. The mammalian orthologs of this factor are referred to as 'Foxo' for 'Forkhead box', with the second 'o' in the name denoting a ...
D??nser Martin W - - 2009
The term ''adrenergic'' originates from ''adrenaline'' and describes hormones or drugs whose effects are similar to those of epinephrine. Adrenergic stress is mediated by stimulation of adrenergic receptors and activation of post-receptor pathways. Critical illness is a potent stimulus of the sympathetic nervous system. It is undisputable that the adrenergic-driven ...
Hayday Adrian C AC London Research Institute, Cancer Research UK, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PX, UK. - - 2009
The investigation of gammadelta T cells has identified a rapid lymphoid stress-surveillance response to microbial and nonmicrobial tissue perturbation. In addition to providing local protection, this response provides an immediate source of cytokines, chemokines, and other functions that can substantially affect downstream, adaptive immunity. Recent studies have identified striking mechanisms ...
Couret David - - 2009
The aim of this work was to investigate the immune effects of prenatal stress (PNS) in pigs, when maternal stressor is applied during early or late gestation. In two separate experiments, gilts were submitted to a social-stress routine between either days 24 and 48 (stress (S) group, n=8 vs. control ...
Adamo S A - - 2010
Mediators of the stress response (e.g. glucocorticoids and norepinephrine) can be immunosuppressive. Nevertheless, immune challenge leads to the release of these compounds in vertebrates. To resolve this paradox, it has been suggested that stress hormones help restore immune homeostasis, preventing self-damage. A comparative approach may provide additional hypotheses as to ...
Tao Jian-ling - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease. Macrophage death in advanced atherosclerosis promotes necrosis and plaque destabilization. In vitro data from peritoneal macrophages show apoptosis triggered through endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress caused by free cholesterol accumulation plays an important role. ...
Ortiz-Ortiz Miguel A MA CIBER de Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular y Genética, EU Enfermería y TO, Universidad de Extremadura, Avda Universidad s/n, 10071 Cáceres, - - 2009
Curcumin, the active compound of the rhizome of Curcuma longa has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. This agent has been shown to regulate numerous transcription factors, cytokines, protein kinases, adhesion molecules, redox status and enzymes that have been linked to inflammation. While curcumin has been identified as an activator of ...
Delitheos Basil - - 2010
The cellular stress response is a universal protective reaction to adverse environmental or microenvironmental conditions, such as heat and drugs, associated in part with the highly conserved heat shock proteins (HSPs). Histamine is a key inflammatory mediator derived from L: -histidine that governs vital cellular processes beyond inflammation, while recent ...
Dekker Pim - - 2009
Unlike various model organisms, cellular responses to stress have not been related to human longevity. We investigated cellular responses to stress in skin fibroblasts that were isolated from young and very old subjects, and from offspring of nonagenarian siblings and their partners, representatives of the general population. Fibroblasts were exposed ...
Shih Diana M DM Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1679, - - 2009
The paraoxonase (PON) gene family includes three members, PON1, PON2, and PON3. In-vitro and mouse studies have demonstrated that all three PONs are atheroprotective. Some, but not all, human epidemiologic studies have observed associations between PON gene polymorphisms and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this review, we summarize studies ...
Sánchez-Rodríguez Clara - - 2009
Some receptor-like kinases (RLK) control plant development while others regulate immunity. The Arabidopsis ERECTA (ER) RLK regulates both biological processes. To discover specific components of ER-mediated immunity, a genetic screen was conducted to identify suppressors of erecta (ser) susceptibility to Plectosphaerella cucumerina fungus. The ser1 and ser2 mutations restored disease ...
Surh Young-Joon - - 2009
Nitrosative stress caused by reactive nitrogen species such as nitric oxide and peroxynitrite overproduced during inflammation leads to cell death and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many human ailments. However, relatively mild nitrosative stress may fortify cellular defense capacities, rendering cells tolerant or adaptive to ongoing and subsequent ...
Bian Zong-Mei - - 2009
To investigate the functional involvement of caspase-4 in human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells. Expression and activation of caspase-4 in hRPE cells were measured after stimulation with proinflammatory agents IL-1beta (2 ng/mL), TNF-alpha (20 ng/mL), lipopolysaccharide (1000 ng/mL), interferon-gamma (500 U/mL), or monocyte coculture in the absence or presence of ...
Gurzov E N - - 2009
Chronic inflammation and pro-inflammatory cytokines are important mediators of pancreatic beta-cell destruction in type 1 diabetes (T1D). We presently show that the cytokines IL-1beta+IFN-gamma and different ER stressors activate the Bcl-2 homology 3 (BH3)-only member death protein 5 (DP5)/harakiri (Hrk) resulting in beta-cell apoptosis. Chemical ER stress-induced DP5 upregulation is ...
Burikhanov Ravshan R Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, - - 2009
Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is a proapoptotic protein with intracellular functions in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Unexpectedly, we noted Par-4 protein is spontaneously secreted by normal and cancer cells in culture, and by Par-4 transgenic mice that are resistant to spontaneous tumors. Short exposure to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-inducing agents ...
Duan Xiaohui - - 2009
Apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells plays an important role in vascular calcification (VC). However, the potential mechanism remains poorly understood. Previous studies showed that apoptosis mediated by endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) participates in several diseases with VC. We prepared two rat models of calcification, vitamin D(3) plus nicotine (VDN) ...
Finn David P - - 2010
The stress response is associated with a broad spectrum of physiological and behavioural effects including hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation, altered central nervous system activity, neuroimmune alterations, anxiety- and depressive-like behaviour and analgesia. While the acute stress response has essential survival value, chronic stress and dysfunction of the stress response can ...
Hotokezaka Y - - 2009
Accumulation of unfolded proteins triggers endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and is considered a part of the cellular responses to hypoxia. The nascent polypeptide-associated complex (NAC) participates in the proper maturation of newly synthesized proteins. However, thus far, there have been no comprehensive studies on NAC involvement in hypoxic stress. Here, ...
Mokhtari Dariush - - 2009
Type 1 diabetes may depend on cytokine-induced beta-cell death and therefore the current investigation was performed in order to elucidate this response in Shb-deficient islets. A combination of interleukin-1beta and interferon-gamma caused a diminished beta-cell death response in Shb null islets. Furthermore, the induction of an unfolded protein response (UPR) ...
Chatham John C JC Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Center for Free Radical Biology, Center for Aging and Clinical Nutrition Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. - - 2010
The modification of serine and threonine residues of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins by O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) has emerged as a highly dynamic post-translational modification that plays a critical role in regulating numerous biological processes. Much of our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the role of O-GlcNAc on cellular function has ...
Schreck Carl B - - 2010
This paper is a review of the effects of stress on reproduction in fishes. I hope to further the development of the concepts of allostasis and hormesis as relevant to understanding reproduction in general and in fish in particular. The main contentions I derive in this review are the following: ...
Depke Maren - - 2009
Using a combination of transcriptional profiling and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA, www.ingenuity.com) we investigated acute and chronic psychological stress induced alterations of hepatic gene expression of BALB/c mice. Already after a 2-h single stress session, up-regulation of several LPS and glucocorticoid-sensitive immune response genes and markers related to oxidative stress ...
Pétremand Jannick - - 2009
High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect pancreatic beta-cells against apoptosis. This property might relate to the increased risk to develop diabetes in patients with low HDL blood levels. However, the mechanisms by which HDLs protect beta-cells are poorly characterized. Here we used a transcriptomic approach to identify genes differentially modulated by HDLs ...
Prasher Deepak - - 2009
Noise is a stressor. Noise-induced stress can lead to release of stress hormones. Acute stress whether physical or psychological is necessary for adaptation to change. However, chronic stress can lead to the persistent elevation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical hormones, which are detrimental to health and can lead to disease states. It has ...
Okuneva V - - 2009
The brain's stress-handling system--the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis--is one of the most thoroughly studied circuitry of the central nervous system. As a result of stress-axis activation different behavioral and physical changes develop; these changes allow the organism to adapt. For this purpose stress-system closely "works" with other elements of central nervous system, ...
Camps Jordi - - 2009
Paraoxonase-1 is a lactonase and an esterase and it plays a protective role in toxicity as well as in diseases involving oxidative stress. Recently, insights into how it may be modulated by environmental factors have acquired clinical relevance. This article reviews the state-of-the-art evidence regarding PON1 modulation by pharmacological products ...
Stier Kim Silvana - - 2009
The costs of coping with stressful situations are traded-off against other functions such as immune responses. This trade-off may explain why corticosterone secretion reduces immune reactions. Corticosterone differentially affects various immunity components. However, which component is suppressed varies between studies. It remains unclear whether the trade-off in energy, nutrition, autoimmunity ...
Simmons Steven O - - 2009
High costs, long test times, and societal concerns related to animal use have required the development of in vitro assays for the rapid and cost-effective toxicological evaluation and characterization of compounds in both the pharmaceutical and environmental arenas. Although the pharmaceutical industry has developed very effective, high-throughput in vitro assays ...
Morris D G - - 2009
Increased energy demands to support lactation, coupled with lowered feed intake capacity results in negative energy balance (NEB) and is typically characterized by extensive mobilization of body energy reserves in the early postpartum dairy cow. The catabolism of stored lipid leads to an increase in the systemic concentrations of nonesterified ...
Bellmann Kerstin - - 2010
The cellular response to heat shock (HS) is a paradigm for many human diseases collectively known as "protein conformation diseases" in which the accumulation of misfolded proteins induces cell death. Here, we analyzed how cells having a different apoptotic threshold die subsequent to a treatment with HS. Cells with a ...
Song Juquan - - 2009
Severe burn injury results in liver dysfunction and damage, with subsequent metabolic derangements contributing to patient morbidity and mortality. On a cellular level, significant postburn hepatocyte apoptosis occurs and likely contributes to liver dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanisms of hepatocyte apoptosis are poorly understood. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response/unfolded ...
Podowski Megan - - 2009
Alveolar enlargement, which is characteristic of bronchopulmonary dysplasia, congenital matrix disorders, and cigarette smoke-induced emphysema, is thought to result from enhanced inflammation and ensuing excessive matrix proteolysis. Although there is recent evidence that cell death and oxidative stress punctuate these diseases, the mechanistic link between abnormal lung extracellular matrix and ...
Ermakov Aleksei V - - 2009
X-radiation (10cGy) was shown to induce in human lymphocytes transposition of homologous chromosomes loci from the membrane towards the centre of the nucleus and activation of the chromosomal nucleolus-forming regions (NFRs). These effects are transmitted by means of extracellular DNA (ecDNA) fragments to nonirradiated cells (the so-called bystander effect, BE). ...
Kour Kiranjeet - - 2009
This study was taken up to see the effect of Withanolide A (WS-1), a compound isolated from Withania somnifera root extract on chronic stress-induced alterations on T lymphocyte subset distribution and corresponding cytokine secretion patterns in experimental Swiss albino mice. Stress disturbs the homeostatic state of the organism and brings ...
Singh Shailendra P - - 2010
Cyanobacteria are primitive photosynthetic oxygen-evolving prokaryotes that appeared on the Earth when there was no ozone layer to protect them from damaging ultraviolet radiation (UVR). UVR has both direct and indirect effects on the cyanobacteria due to absorption by biomolecules and UVR-induced oxidative stress, respectively. However, these organisms have developed ...
Wang Jun - - 2009
Cumulative evidences suggest that electroacupuncture (EA) can modulate immune function, but the mechanism needs further study. In the present study, the contribution of EA on toll-like receptors 2 and 4 (TLR2/TLR4) and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression after surgical trauma stress were investigated. The mRNA level of both TLR2/4 and pro-inflammatory cytokine ...
Glover Mitzi M LSU Health Sciences Center, Department of Cellular Biology and Anatomy, Shreveport, LA 71130, - - 2009
Acute ethanol exposure in humans and in animal models activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS); the resultant increases in concentration of neuroendocrine mediators contribute to some of the immunosuppressive effects of ethanol. However, the role of these mediators in the ethanol-induced inhibition of inflammatory responses ...
Comitato Raffaella - - 2009
Vitamin E is a generic term used to indicate all tocopherol (TOC) and tocotrienol (TT) derivates. In the last few years, several papers have shown that a TT-rich fraction (TTRF) extracted from palm oil inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in a large number of cancer cells. However, the molecular mechanism(s) ...
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