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Results 301 - 350 of 1542
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Um Hee Jung - - 2010
Since resveratrol (3,4',5 tri-hydroxystilbene), which has been shown to inhibit multistage carcinogenesis, is not a potent cytotoxic compound, several studies were undertaken to obtain synthetic analogues of resveratrol with potent activity. We previously reported that a resveratrol derivative HS-1793 exhibits stronger antitumor effects than resveratrol in several cancer cell types. ...
Sánchez-Quiles Virginia - - 2010
Prohibitin is a multifunctional protein participating in a plethora of essential cellular functions, such as cell signaling, apoptosis, survival and proliferation. In the liver, deficient prohibitin activity participates in the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and obesity, according to mechanisms that still must be elucidated. In this study, we have used ...
Fradejas Noelia - - 2010
Astrocytes are essential cells for maintaining brain integrity. We have recently shown that the transcription factor C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, plays a key role in the astrocyte death induced by ischemia. Meanwhile, mediators of apoptosis downstream of CHOP in the ER stress-dependent pathway remain ...
Wieten Lotte - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Stress proteins, such as members of the heat-shock protein (HSP) family, are up-regulated by cells in inflamed tissue and can be viewed functionally as "biomarkers" for the immune system to monitor inflammation. Exogenous administration of stress proteins has induced immunoregulation in various models of inflammation and has also been ...
Quan Zhiwei - - 2010
In this study, the anticancer effect of cirsimaritin, a natural flavonoid, against human gallbladder carcinoma cell line GBC-SD and the underlying mechanisms were investigated. Cirsimaritin inhibited the growth of tumor cells and induced mitochondrial apoptosis in GBC-SD cells. In addition, cirsimaritin triggered endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and down-regulated the phosphorylation ...
Younce Craig W - - 2010
Cardiomyocyte apoptosis contributes to the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. How the elevated glucose levels associated with diabetes cause cell death is unknown. Here we report that high glucose-induced cardiomyocyte death is mediated via monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) production and induction of a novel zinc-finger protein. H9c2 cardiomyoblasts treated with 28 ...
Allagnat F - - 2010
Pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes deplete endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ stores, leading to ER-stress and beta cell apoptosis. However, the cytokine-induced ER-stress response in beta cells is atypical and characterised by induction of the pro-apoptotic PKR-like ER kinase (PERK)-C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) branch of the ...
Duan Shu-Rong - - 2010
In animal models, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis take place around cerebral infarction areas during ischemia, which presumably protect tissues from necroses-induced injury as well as promote cells toward death. We examined whether these pathological changes, especially temporal occurrence, were present in patients who suffered from cerebral ischemia. The ...
Dumont Julie - - 2010
Human exposure to heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAA) usually occurs through mixtures rather than individual compounds. However, the toxic effects and related mechanisms of co-exposure to HAA in humans remain unknown. We compared the effects of two of the most common HAA, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), individually or in combination, ...
Faghiri Zahra Z Neuroscience Center of Excellence, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 2020 Gravier Street, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2010
The initiation and progression of several forms of retinal degenerations involve excessive, repetitive, and/or sustained oxidative stress that, in turn, mediate photoreceptor cell damage and death. Since phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt and mTOR/p70S6-kinase pathways are part of survival signaling in cells confronted with oxidative stress, we asked whether or not docosahexaenoic ...
Hussong Stacy A SA Department of Ophthalmology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2010
Our previous work demonstrated that immunoproteasome is up-regulated in the retina and brain in response to injury that does not involve an inflammatory response (J. Neurochem. 2008; 106:158). These results suggest additional non-immune functions for the immunoproteasome in the cellular stress response pathway. The present study further investigates the potential ...
Wright Rosalind J RJ The Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2010
Stress-elicited disruption of immunity begins in utero. Associations among prenatal maternal stress and cord blood mononuclear cell (CBMC) cytokine responses were prospectively examined in the Urban Environment and Childhood Asthma Study (n = 557 families). Prenatal maternal stress included financial hardship, difficult life circumstances, community violence, and neighborhood/block and housing ...
Pérez-Casanova Juan C - - 2010
Produced water (PW) is the main discharge from the offshore oil industry and contains oil-derived compounds such as poly-aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols, alkylphenols, and heavy metals. Studies suggest that PW discharges may affect the biota over larger areas from the oil drilling sites at sea than originally predicted. We investigated the ...
Gurgul-Convey Ewa - - 2010
Proinflammatory cytokines play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus. One of the cytokine-regulated pathways mediating inflammation in this autoimmune disease is the arachidonic acid metabolism pathway, comprising both the induction of cyclooxygenases and the production of different prostaglandins. Cytokine toxicity is mediated in many cell ...
Solazzo Stephanie A SA Laboratory for Minimally Invasive Tumor Therapies, Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2010
To determine if oxidative and nitrative stress and/or apoptosis contribute to increased coagulation when combining radiofrequency (RF) ablation with liposomal doxorubicin. Animal care committee approval was obtained. R3230 mammary adenocarcinomas in Fischer rats were treated with either RF ablation (n = 43), 1 mg of intravenously injected liposomal doxorubicin (n ...
Park Sook Kyung - - 2010
Tocotrienols are naturally occurring forms of vitamin E based on their structural similarity. This study focused on investigating anticancer effects of tocotrienols and the mechanisms of apoptosis induction by tocotrienols in vivo and in vitro. Dietary delivery of γ-tocotrienol (γ-T3) suppressed tumor growth in a syngeneic implantation mouse mammary cancer ...
Akazawa Yuko Y Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
Saturated free fatty acids induce hepatocyte lipoapoptosis. This lipotoxicity involves an endoplasmic reticulum stress response, activation of JNK, and altered expression and function of Bcl-2 proteins. The mono-unsaturated free fatty acid palmitoleate is an adipose-derived lipokine which suppresses free fatty acid-mediated lipotoxicity by unclear mechanisms. Herein we examined the mechanisms ...
Bastiat Bénédicte - - 2010
RpoE2 is an extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factor involved in the general stress response of Sinorhizobium meliloti, the nitrogen-fixing symbiont of the legume plant alfalfa. RpoE2 orthologues are widely found among alphaproteobacteria, where they play various roles in stress resistance and/or host colonization. In this paper, we report a genetic ...
Haczku Angela A Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa 19104-3403, USA. - - 2010
Psychosocial stress alters susceptibility to infectious and systemic illnesses and may enhance airway inflammation in asthma by modulating immune cell function through neural and hormonal pathways. Stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Release of endogenous glucocorticoids, as a consequence, may play a prominent role in altering the airway immune homeostasis. Despite ...
Kitamura Masanori - - 2010
Cadmium preferentially accumulates in the kidney, the major target for cadmium-related toxicity. Several underlying mechanisms are postulated, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been considered as crucial mediators for tissue injuries. In addition to oxidative stress, we recently disclosed that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress also plays a critical role. Cadmium ...
Binet Fran?ois - - 2010
We recently reported that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-induced cell pathway of apoptosis is operational in human neutrophils and that some ER stressors can accelerate this process. Recent data suggest that arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3) or ATO), may also act as an ER stressor. The aims of the present study were to ...
Emara Mohamed M - - 2010
Angiogenin (ANG) is a secreted ribonuclease that cleaves tRNA to initiate a stress-response program in mammalian cells. Here we show that ANG inhibits protein synthesis and promotes arsenite- and pateamine A-induced assembly of stress granules (SGs). These effects are abrogated in cells transfected with the ANG inhibitor RNH1. Transfection of ...
Zhou J-Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: Glucocorticoids are the central effector hormones for the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. However, the effects of endogenous glucocorticoids on the immune system are not understood completely. METHODS:: Macrophage function (adherence, chemotaxis and cytokine production) was assessed in the presence of increasing concentrations of corticosterone. The role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress ...
Deng Qilan - - 2010
To gain insights into the effects of tea polyphenols (TP) on growth performance and cell-mediated immune response of piglets under oxidative stress, an oxidative stress model was established by intraperitoneally injecting weaned piglets with diquat. After intake of either basal diet or TP-supplemented diet for 7 d, half of the ...
Rabbani Z N - - 2010
To investigate the relationship of HIF1alpha signaling to oxidative stress, tissue hypoxia, angiogenesis and inflammation, female Fischer 344 rats were irradiated to the right hemithorax with a fractionated dose of 40 Gy (8 Gy x 5 days). The lung tissues were harvested before and at 4, 6, 10, 14, 18, ...
Younce Craig W - - 2010
MCP-1 (monocyte chemotactic protein-1) plays a critical role in the development of heart failure that is known to involve apoptosis. How MCP-1 contributes to cell death involved in the development of heart disease is not understood. In the present study we show that MCP-1 causes death in cardiac myoblasts, H9c2 ...
Elftman Michael D MD Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, - - 2010
The systemic elevation of psychological stress-induced glucocorticoids strongly suppresses CD8(+) T cell immune responses resulting in diminished antiviral immunity. However, the specific cellular targets of stress/glucocorticoids, the timing of exposure, the chronology of immunological events, and the underlying mechanisms of this impairment are incompletely understood. In this study, we address ...
Mancuso Cesare - - 2010
The importance of stress in modifying human behavior and lifestyle is no longer a matter of debate. Although mild stress enhances the immune response and prevents infections, prolonged stress seems to play pathogenic roles in depression and neurodegenerative disorders. The body has developed an adaptive stress response consisting of cardiovascular, ...
Hannam Marie L - - 2010
Phenanthrene, a major component of crude oil, is one of the most abundant PAHs in aquatic ecosystems, and is readily bioavailable and toxic to a range of marine invertebrates. Within bivalves, the haemolymph acts as a transfer medium for these pollutants and their metabolic products, leaving haemocytes susceptible to deleterious ...
Terhzaz Selim - - 2010
Organismal stress responses to oxidative stress are relevant to ageing and disease and involve key cell-/tissue-specific signal transduction mechanisms. Using Drosophila, an established in vivo model for stress studies, we show that cell-specific inositol phosphate signalling specifically via inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate 3-kinase (InsP(3) 3-K, IP(3)K), negatively regulates organismal responses to ...
Maiese Kenneth K Division of Cellular and Molecular Cerebral Ischemia, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2010
Oxidative stress significantly impacts multiple cellular pathways that can lead to the initiation and progression of varied disorders throughout the body. It therefore becomes imperative to elucidate the components and function of novel therapeutic strategies against oxidative stress to further clinical diagnosis and care. In particular, both the growth factor ...
Kirienko Natalia V - - 2010
Maintaining a homeostatic interaction with the environment is crucial for the growth, survival, and propagation of all living organisms. Reestablishment of equilibrium after stress is achieved by the activation of complex transcriptional-response networks, many of which remain poorly understood. Here, we report that the zinc-finger protein, SLR-2, is a master ...
Wang Zheng-hui - - 2010
Fluoride is an essential trace element for human body; however, exposure to high amounts of fluoride has been documented to be correlated with an increasing risk of hair loss. To date, little is known about the mechanism(s) of how fluoride affects hair follicles. Here, we demonstrated that middle (1.0 mmol/L) ...
Jeong Mi Sook - - 2010
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory skin disease. The increasing prevalence and severity of AD have prompted the developments of safer, more effective drugs. Although topical corticosteroids have been used as first line therapy for AD, their potential side effects limit their clinical applications. To investigate the effect of ...
Gangaiah Dharanesh - - 2010
Inorganic polyphosphate (poly P) plays an important role in stress tolerance and virulence in many bacteria. PPK1 is the principal enzyme involved in poly P synthesis, while PPK2 uses poly P to generate GTP, a signaling molecule that serves as an alternative energy source and a precursor for various physiological ...
Joly Anne-Laure - - 2010
Stress or heat shock proteins (HSPs) 70 and 90 are powerful chaperones whose expression is induced in response to a wide variety of physiological and environmental insults. These proteins have different functions depending on their intracellular or extracellular location. Intracellular HSPs have a protective function. They allow the cells to ...
Costa-Pinto Frederico A - - 2010
Stress has long been recognized as a putative modulator of immunity. Several clinical and experimental reports point to a role of physical and psychological stressors on progression or resistance to disease. Nonetheless, literature in this field is sometimes controversial due to the wide variety of stressors employed and parameters of ...
Seimon Tracie A TA Division of Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America. - - 2010
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway known as the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) is an adaptive survival pathway that protects cells from the buildup of misfolded proteins, but under certain circumstances it can lead to apoptosis. ER stress has been causally associated with macrophage apoptosis in advanced atherosclerosis of mice ...
Eom Ki Seong - - 2010
Berberine has a wide range of biochemical and pharmacologic effects, including antitumor activity, but the mechanisms involved in berberine-induced apoptosis remain unclear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the changes in oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-related molecules, which are closely associated with cell death-signaling transduction pathways, ...
Mishra Kamla Prasad - - 2010
It has become apparent that extreme environmental conditions of Antarctic continent alters many immune responses. The present study was conducted on 28th Indian Antarctic expeditioners. The investigations were carried out to explore the effect of multiple stresses like isolation, cold and UV exposure on human immunity. Thirty blood samples were ...
Dai R Y - - 2010
The potential pro-survival role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt during endoplasmic reticulum stress has been well-characterized. However, the detailed mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we showed that PI3K/Akt inhibition promoted endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis in a glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78)-dependent manner. During endoplasmic reticulum stress, high levels of Akt phosphorylation were ...
Higgins Gavin C - - 2010
Oxidative stress plays a central role in neuronal injury and cell death in acute and chronic pathological conditions. The cellular responses to oxidative stress embrace changes in mitochondria and other organelles, notably endoplasmic reticulum, and can lead to a number of cell death paradigms, which cover a spectrum from apoptosis ...
Okuyama Kaori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Psychological stress has a recognized association with asthma symptoms. However, the mechanisms linking stress to the exacerbation of asthma are not well defined. mu-Opioid receptors (MOR) have been shown to be involved in the shift of the immune system toward a Th2-predominant response caused by psychological stress. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Guan Dongyin - - 2010
N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and penicillamine (PEN) have been shown to induce apoptosis in multiple types of human cancer cells; however, the molecular mechanism underlying this activity is unclear. This study was designed to identify the genes responsible for apoptosis induction by NAC and PEN. We found that glucose-regulated protein 78 ...
Wiley Jesse C - - 2010
The familial and sporadic forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) have an identical pathology with a severe disparity in the time of onset [1]. The pathological similarity suggests that epigenetic processes may phenocopy the Familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) mutations within sporadic AD. Numerous groups have demonstrated that FAD mutations in presenilin ...
Johnson Shakevia - - 2010
Stress detrimentally affects the brain and body and can lead to or be accompanied by depression. Although stress and depression may contribute to each other, the exact molecular mechanism underlying the effects is unclear. However, there is a correlation between stress and an increase in glucocorticoid secretion which causes a ...
Lee Do Yeon do - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the deposition of aggregated beta-amyloid (Abeta), which triggers a cellular stress response called the unfolded protein response (UPR). The UPR signaling pathway is a cellular defense system for dealing with the accumulation of misfolded proteins but switches to apoptosis when endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress ...
Calabrese Vittorio - - 2010
Decreased expression and/or activity of antioxidant proteins leads to oxidative stress, accelerated aging, and neurodegeneration. While overwhelming levels and uncontrolled/dysregulated actions of reactive oxygen species (ROS) lead to deleterious effects, tighter regulation of those plays an important role in cell signaling. Mutations causing protein misfolding and the overload of toxic ...
Briassoulis George - - 2010
It is not known if cytokines, which are cell-derived mediators released during the host immune response to stress, affect metabolic response to stress during critical illness. The aim of this prospective study was to determine whether the metabolic response to stress is related to the inflammatory interleukin-6 (IL-6), 10 (IL-10), ...
Zhang Kezhong - - 2010
There has been much effort to define the molecular basis by which pathophysiological stimuli initiate and/or propagate the inflammatory response. Recent research endeavors on stress response from a cellular organelle called the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) shed new light on the understating of the molecular basis of the inflammatory response and ...
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