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Yakoob Javed J Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, - - 2014
SUMMARY We determined cytokines (e.g. interleukin-8, 10, 12 and TNF-α) expression by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in rectal mucosa in diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) with Blastocystis spp. Eighty patients with D-IBS and Blastocystis spp. infection were classified as 'cases' and 80 with D-IBS without Blastocystis spp. infection ...
van Golen Rowan F - - 2012
Hepatic ischemia and reperfusion elicits an immune response that lacks a microbial constituent yet poses a potentially lethal threat to the host. In this sterile setting, the immune system is alarmed by endogenous danger signals that are release by stressed and dying liver cells. The detection of these immunogenic messengers ...
Vivar Raúl - - 2012
Cardiac fibroblast (CF) death by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) has major implications for cardiac wound healing. Although IGF-1 has well-known cytoprotective effects, no study has been done on CF subjected to simulated I/R. Simulated ischemia of neonate rat CF was performed in a free oxygen chamber in an ischemic medium; reperfusion was ...
Loan Le Thi Yen TY Department of Cardiology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2012
Low-dose mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure and myocardial infarction, despite normal plasma aldosterone levels. Since apoptosis plays an important role in heart failure and postinfarction left ventricular remodeling, we examined whether low-dose mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists modulate cardiomyocyte death by regulating the apoptosis repressor ...
Fox Bridget B Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, St. Luke's Campus, Exeter, Devon, - - 2012
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) has recently been proposed as an endogenous mediator of inflammation and is present in human synovial fluid. This study determined whether primary human articular chondrocytes (HACs) and mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) could synthesize H(2)S in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines relevant to human arthropathies, and to determine the ...
Oerlemans Martinus I F J - - 2012
During acute myocardial infarction and in the reperfused heart, loss of cardiomyocytes is mostly caused by apoptosis and necrosis. As apoptosis was considered as the only form of regulated cell death for many years, initial studies investigating cardiomyocyte cell death mainly focused on direct inhibition of apoptosis. However, it has ...
Ouzzine Mohamed - - 2012
Repair of damaged articular cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA) is a clinical challenge. Because cartilage is an avascular and aneural tissue, normal mechanisms of tissue repair through recruitment of cells to the site of tissue destruction are not feasible. Proteoglycan (PG) depletion induced by the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β, a principal mediator ...
Beier Juliane I JI Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology and University of Louisville Alcohol Research Center, University of Louisville Health Sciences Center, Louisville, KY 40292, - - 2012
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a major player in fibrinolysis due to its classical role of inhibiting plasminogen activators. Although increased fibrinolysis is common in alcoholic cirrhosis, decreased fibrinolysis (driven mostly by elevated levels of PAI-1) is common during the development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). However, whether or not ...
Figueiredo Maria José - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to better understand the events involved in the febrile response induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), a complex infectious process. To this end, we conducted in vivo experiments in rats examining (1) fever development, (2) bacterial number in the infection focus and ...
Huang Guan-Jhong - - 2011
In the present report, a concise synthesis of viscolin (1) has been achieved. The anti-inflammatory effect of viscolin was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Viscolin blocked the expression of iNOS and COX-2, and it also inhibited the ERK for the activation of NF-κB in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Western blotting and ...
Hostettler N - - 2011
To cite this article: Hostettler N, Bianchi P, Gennari-Moser C, Kassahn D, Schoonjans K, Corazza N, Brunner T. Local glucocorticoid production in the mouse lung is induced by immune cell stimulation. Allergy 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02749.x ABSTRACT: Background:  Glucocorticoids (GC) are potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive steroid hormones, mainly produced by the ...
Ossola Bernardino - - 2011
Minocycline, a tetracyclic antibiotic, exerts both antiinflammation by acting on microglia and a direct protection on neurons by inhibiting the apoptotic machinery at various levels. However, we are not aware of any study investigating the effects of minocycline on caspase-independent programmed cell death (PCD) pathways. This study investigated these alternative ...
Yu Haixiang H Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United - - 2011
Although vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis occurs after vessel injury and during remodeling, the direct role of VSMC death in determining final vessel structure is unclear. We sought to determine the role of VSMC apoptosis in vessel remodeling, medial repair, and neointima formation and to identify the mediators involved. ...
Jackson Sarah E - - 2012
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is associated with constitutively elevated synthesis of bronchoconstrictor cysteinyl-leukotrienes, associated with increased expression of leukotriene (LT)C(4) synthase and Th2 cytokines and airway eosinophilia. We examined whether interleukin-13 can increase LTC(4) synthase gene transcription and cysteinyl-leukotriene synthesis in macrophages isolated from resected human lung tissue and whether ...
Altura Burton M - - 2012
The present study tested the hypotheses that 1) short-term dietary deficiency (MgD) of magnesium (21 days) would result in the upregulation of ceramide synthase (CS) in left ventricular (LV), right ventricular, atrial, and aortic smooth muscle, as well as induce a synthesis/release of select cytokines and chemokines into the LV ...
Du Juan - - 2011
Mesangial cells are the main source of renal interstitial fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) is a key cytokine that may play a potential therapeutic role in reducing fibrosis. Here, we focus on the effects of IFN-γ on human mesangial cells (HMCs) treated with high glucose. This study shows ...
Gómez-Touriño Iria - - 2011
Galectins are a group of β-galactoside-binding mammalian lectins that play important roles in the regulation of the immune response by promoting T cell tolerance, blunting Th1 and Th17 responses and suppressing autoimmune inflammation. However, the synthesis of these molecules by different T helper (Th) subsets and in the context of ...
Zhang Shihai - - 2011
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) has shown anticancer activity against a variety of solid tumor models through induction of apoptosis, promotion of cellular differentiation, and inhibition of cellular invasive ability. The present study investigated the role of ceramide in regulating the invasive activity of hepatoma carcinoma HCCLM3 cells during ATO treatment. We ...
Fischer-Posovszky Pamela - - 2011
Adipocyte apoptosis is an important regulator of adipocyte number in fat depots. We have previously shown that an inhibition of protein synthesis sensitizes human adipocytes for apoptosis. In vivo, dramatic changes in the fat cell's protein expression should be anticipated under special conditions such as calorie restriction. Here, we studied ...
Marais Manette - - 2011
There is, thus far, no persuasive evidence of a correlation between pro-inflammatory cytokines and avian fever. In this study, for the first time, we use avian cytokines to investigate a role for pro-inflammatory cytokines in the central component of avian fever. Both IL-1β and IL-6 injected intracerebroventricularly (ICV) into Pekin ...
Timonen Juri M - - 2011
A number of 7-hydroxycoumarins have been synthesised by Pechmann cyclisation using differently substituted resorcinols employing perchloric acid as the condensing agent. All the compounds have been characterised by analytical and spectroscopic methods. The anti-inflammatory properties were tested with LPS-induced inflammation in J774 macrophages. Expression of iNOS and COX-2 was determined ...
Yang Hongyu - - 2011
Aristolochic acid I (AAI) is a primary nephrotoxin and carcinogen that is found in some Chinese herbal medicines, and AAI is responsible for the progression of aristolochic acid nephropathy. The membrane associated proteins in the eicosanoid and glutathione metabolism (MAPEG) superfamily are associated with cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLTs) synthesis. The present ...
Subramanyam R V - - 2011
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common ulcers affecting the oral cavity. Though it is known that RAS affects only the lining (non-keratinized) mucosa sparing the masticatory (keratinized) mucosa and is unlikely to be seen in smokers, no concrete explanations have been put forward. A hypothesis is ...
Nakaira-Takahagi Erika E Departamento de Microbiologia e Imunologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, - - 2011
The glycoprotein gp43 is an immunodominant antigen secreted by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, the agent of paracoccidioidomycosis. The present study evaluated whether gp43 can interact with toll-like (TLR2, TLR4) and mannose (MR) receptors on the surface of human monocytes, and how that affects their expression and cytokine production. Monocytes were incubated with ...
Lee Ka-Heng - - 2011
Our preliminary screening had shown that the curcumin derivative [2,6-bis(2,5-dimethoxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone] or BDMC33 exhibited improved anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting nitric oxide synthesis in activated macrophage cells. In this study, we further investigated the anti-inflammatory properties of BDMC33 on PGE(2 )synthesis and cyclooxygenase (COX) expression in IFN-g/LPS-stimulated macrophages. We found that BDMC33 ...
Contreras Vince - - 2011
Apoptosis is a natural process during animal development for the programmed removal of superfluous cells. During apoptosis general protein synthesis is reduced, but the synthesis of cell death proteins is enhanced. Selective translation has been attributed to modification of the protein synthesis machinery to disrupt cap-dependent mRNA translation and induce ...
Khoo Ai-Leng AL Department of Laboratory Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center; 3Nijmegen Institute for Infection, Inflammation and Immunity, Nijmegen, The - - 2011
Our interest in immunological effects produced by vitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) and its therapeutic potential prompted us to examine the role of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) on cytokine production by Candida albicans. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with stimulated C. albicans and 1,25(OH)(2)D(3), cytokine concentrations were measured in supernatant. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) ...
Lee Chun Geun CG Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8057, - - 2011
The 18 glycosyl hydrolase family of chitinases is an ancient gene family that is widely expressed from prokaryotes to eukaryotes. In mammals, despite the absence of endogenous chitin, a number of chitinases and chitinase-like proteins (C/CLPs) have been identified. However, their roles have only recently begun to be elucidated. Acidic ...
Laskin Debra L DL Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA. - - 2011
The past several years have seen the accumulation of evidence demonstrating that tissue injury induced by diverse toxicants is due not only to their direct effects on target tissues but also indirectly to the actions of resident and infiltrating macrophages. These cells release an array of mediators with cytotoxic, pro- ...
Allen Jacqui - - 2010
The prolonged debilitation, loss of income, and decrement in quality of life caused by vocal fold scar is exacerbated by our inability to successfully treat this difficult problem. As technology focuses on developing innovative treatments, we need to fully appreciate and understand the mechanisms giving rise to glottal scar, on ...
Mozzati Marco - - 2010
Extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar is a common surgical procedure, although it still leads to several postoperative symptoms and complications. The study assessed the efficacy of autologous plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) in the healing process by checking the difference of tissue cytokines and other healing factors ...
Maio Ramòna Consuèlo - - 2011
CyP is a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-like molecule extracted from the freshwater cyanobacterium Oscillatoria planktothrix FP1, which has been reported to be a potent competitive inhibitor of bacterial LPS. In the present study the ability of CyP to affect human polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function was investigated. PMNs were isolated from venous blood ...
Eleftherianos Ioannis - - 2011
In response to microbial infection, insects mount several defense reactions including the induction of proteolytic cascades that lead to localized melanization and coagulation. Melanization requires the activation of prophenoloxidase (proPO) to its active form phenoloxidase (PO), a key enzyme that leads to the formation of melanin at wound sites and ...
Fix Charity C Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of South Carolina, School of Medicine, Columbia, SC 29209, - - 2011
Fibroblasts are the primary cell type responsible for synthesis and remodeling of the extracellular matrix in the heart. A number of factors including growth factors, hormones and mechanical forces have been identified that modulate the production of extracellular matrix by cardiac fibroblasts. Inflammatory mediators including pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines also ...
Lynam Emily C - - 2010
The formation of hypertrophic scars (HSF) is a frequent medical outcome of wound repair and often requires further therapy with treatments such as silicone gel sheets (SGS) or apoptosis-inducing agents, including bleomycin. Although widely used, knowledge regarding SGS and their mode of action is limited. Preliminary research has shown that ...
Menger Bjoern - - 2010
In contrast to the limited regenerative ability found in human wound healing, which often results in unsatisfying and deficient scar formation, urodele amphibians, with the Mexican axolotl as a prime example, expose an extraordinary regenerative capacity. This regeneration leads to a perfect restoration of tissue architecture, function, and aesthetics with ...
Kim Kwanghee - - 2010
Radiation leaves a fairly characteristic footprint in biological materials, but this is rapidly all but obliterated by the canonical biological responses to the radiation damage. The innate immune recognition systems that sense "danger" through direct radiation damage and through associated collateral damage set in motion a chain of events that, ...
Kane Bartholomew J BJ Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, - - 2010
Mechanical stimuli are known to play an important role in determining the structure and function of living cells and tissues. Recent studies have highlighted the role of mechanical signals in mammalian dermal wound healing. However, the biological link between mechanical stimulation of wounded tissue and the subsequent cellular response has ...
Sánchez-Huerta V - - 2011
Corneal neovascularization is often accompanied by inflammatory response and loss of their immune privilege which leads to significant visual impairment and worsens the prognosis of a subsequent penetrating keratoplasty. Several types of treatment are currently used. However, there are some associated limitations and complications. The consumption of (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) ...
Swarnakar Snehasikta - - 2011
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are part of a superfamily of metal-requiring proteases that play important roles in tissue remodeling by breaking down proteins in the extracellular matrix that provides structural support for cells. The intricate balance in protease/anti-protease stoichiometry is a contributing factor in a number of diseases. Melatonin possesses multifunctional ...
Löhr Mario - - 2011
Despite the significance of hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum (HLF) in the disease progress of neurogenic claudication, the cellular mechanisms underlying the gradual fibrotic thickening of the ligamentum flavum remain poorly understood. The aim of our study was to get insight into the contribution of inflammatory mechanisms to the development ...
Kim Sudong - - 2010
Molecular gradients play an important role in diverse physiological and pathological phenomena such as immune response, wound healing, development and cancer metastasis. In the past 10 years, engineering tools have been increasingly used to develop experimental platforms that capture important aspects of cellular microenvironments to allow quantitative and reproducible characterization ...
Kobayashi Yuka - - 2010
The ability to generate functional artificial lymphoid tissue to induce specific immunity at ectopic sites could offer a potential breakthrough for treatment of diseases such as cancer and severe infection using immunotherapy. Artificial lymphoid tissue could also offer an informative tool to study further lymphoid tissue development and function in ...
Sato Takashi - - 2010
Wound healing is mediated through complex interactions between circulating immune cells and local epithelial and endothelial cells. Elements of the innate immune system are triggered when Toll-like receptors (TLR) are stimulated by their cognate ligands, and previous studies suggest that such interactions can accelerate wound healing. This work examines the ...
Sorokin Lydia - - 2010
The advent of in situ immunology and intravital analyses of leukocyte movement in tissues has drawn attention to the previously neglected extracellular matrix (ECM) and its role in modulating immune cell behaviour in inflamed tissues. The ECM exists in different biochemical and structural forms; both their individual components and three-dimensional ...
Shao Guohong - - 2011
Mitochondrial antigens released from damaged cells act as "danger signals" capable of promoting innate immune cell migration and activation via formyl peptide receptors (FPRs). Lung epithelial cells are equipped to migrate and mount innate immune responses in the context of acute lung injury. The goal of this study was to ...
Zhang Qun-Zhou QZ Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, The Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry of University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, - - 2010
Increasing evidence has supported the important role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in wound healing, however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Recently, we have isolated a unique population of MSCs from human gingiva (GMSCs) with similar stem cell-like properties, immunosuppressive, and anti-inflammatory functions as human bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMSCs). We ...
Liang De-Yong DY Department of Anesthesiology, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, - - 2010
Surgical injury induces production and release of inflammatory mediators in the vicinity of the wound. They in turn trigger nociceptive signaling to produce hyperalgesia and pain. Interleukin-1β plays a crucial role in this process. The mechanism regulating production of this cytokine after incision is, however, unknown. Caspase-1 is a key ...
Hu Yajing Y Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University, Stanford, - - 2010
In the accompanying paper, we demonstrate that genetic variation within Nalp1 could contribute to interstrain differences in wound chemokine production through altering the amount of interleukin (IL)-1 produced. We further investigate the role of IL-1 in incisional wound biology and its effect on wound chemokine production in vivo and whether ...
Hu Yajing Y Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University, Stanford, - - 2010
Wound healing is a multistep, complex process that involves the coordinated action of multiple cell types. Conflicting results have been obtained when conventional methods have been used to study wound biology. Therefore, we analyzed the wound response in a mouse genetic model. We analyzed inflammatory mediators produced within incisional wounds ...
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