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Wang Yuan - - 2009
It is important to understand the pathogenesis of asthma induced by natural allergens, which could exclude the interference of artificial adjuvant and provide insights of natural immune response in the disease. In the present study, we show that Trichosanthin (TCS) could induce airway inflammation even without the help of alum. ...
Duffin Rodger R MRC Centre for Inflammation Research, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2009
Eosinophils are major players in inflammatory allergic diseases such as asthma, hay fever and eczema. Here we show that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKi) R-roscovitine efficiently and rapidly induces human eosinophil apoptosis using flow cytometric analysis of annexin-V/propidium iodide staining, morphological analysis by light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and Western ...
Chakir J - - 2010
Normalisation of eosinophil counts in sputum of asthmatic patients reduces eosinophilic exacerbations. However, the effect of this strategy on airway remodelling remains to be determined. We compared bronchial inflammation and collagen deposition after 2 yrs of treatment guided by either sputum eosinophils (sputum strategy, SS) or by clinical criteria (clinical ...
Rubin Jenny - - 2009
Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is a secretory protein of the eosinophil granulocyte, a cell involved in innate immunity. Functional studies have implicated ECP in numerous processes, such as tissue remodeling in allergic inflammation and cytotoxicity toward a variety of pathogens. Recent genetic studies have suggested that the ECP 434(G>C) polymorphism ...
Lee H - - 2009
Clinical and experimental studies have established eosinophilia as a sign of allergic disorders. Activation of eosinophils in the airways is believed to cause epithelial tissue injury, contraction of airway smooth muscle and increased bronchial responsiveness. As part of the search for new antiasthmatic agents produced by medicinal plants, the effects ...
Diao Zongli - - 2009
To determine how combination therapy with albendazole and dexamethasone changed cytokine responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in patients with eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis (EOMA), we measured mRNA levels of Th2 (IL-5, IL-4 and IL-10) and Th1 (IL-2 and IFN-gamma) cytokines with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction ...
Wang Jiong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Phagocytic clearance of apoptotic eosinophils plays an important role in the successful resolution of asthmatic inflammation. To our knowledge, there is limited information available on the effects of anti-asthma drugs on the ingestion of apoptotic eosinophils by bronchial epithelial cells. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of dexamethasone, aminophylline and ...
Grant Gail E GE Meakins-Christie Laboratories, McGill University, QC, - - 2009
5-Oxo-ETE is a product of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway that is formed by the oxidation of 5-HETE by 5-hydroxyeicosanoid dehydrogenase (5-HEDH). 5-HEDH is a microsomal NADP(+)-dependent enzyme that is highly selective for 5-HETE. 5-Oxo-ETE synthesis is regulated by intracellular NADP(+) levels and is dramatically increased under conditions that favor oxidation of ...
Minai-Fleminger Yael - - 2009
The allergic inflammatory response is composed of two main phases--the early and the late. The early phase initiates when an allergen activates the tissue resident mast cell, triggering the release of a variety of granule-stored and newly formed mediators. As the inflammatory response progresses, blood borne inflammatory cells--in particular, eosinophils--are ...
Maret Marielle - - 2009
Bid, a proapoptotic member of Bcl-2 family, is involved in Fas receptor signaling. Fas activation promotes human eosinophil cell death and is believed to accelerate the resolution of pulmonary Th2-driven allergic reaction in mice. We hypothesized that Bid would regulate eosinophil apoptosis and Ag-induced airway inflammation, particularly eosinophilia. C57BL/6 Bid(-/-) ...
Takahashi A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Osteopontin (OPN) is an extracellular matrix protein with a wide range of functions, and is involved in various inflammatory diseases. However, the role of OPN in eosinophilic airway inflammation is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of OPN in eosinophilic airway inflammation. METHODS: OPN protein levels in induced sputum ...
Ishii Takayuki - - 2009
Prominent eosinophil infiltration is a characteristic of some forms of vasculitis, such as Churg-Strauss syndrome, also known as allergic granulomatous vasculitis. In the current study, we established a mouse model of cutaneous eosinophilic vasculitis by the cutaneous reverse passive Arthus reaction using IgE injection instead of IgG. Wild-type C57BL/6 mice ...
dos Santos Damião Carlos Moraes - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although eosinophils are considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of various parasitic, allergic and autoimmune digestive diseases, their role in fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is unknown. Our contribution was to identify and quantify eosinophils and cytokine levels [interleukin (IL)-6, IL-5 and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha] in ...
Alenzi Faris Q - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to investigate which recognition pathways are important in engulfing apoptotic eosinophils. METHODS: Here, two epithelial cell were selected namely (large airway bronchial epithelial cells) LAECs and A549. The inhibition assay was examined by resting and dexamethasone-stimulated epithelial cells. Confocal microscopy confirmed the engulfment of apoptotic eosinophils. ...
Huang Feng-ying - - 2009
Interleukin-5 (IL-5) involves in the development of airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness through activation of eosinophils. Thus, inhibition of IL-5 expression seems to be an attractive approach for asthma therapy. In this study, an antisense IL-5 gene transferred by recombinant adeno-associated virus (asIL-5) was constructed to transfect murine allergic asthma model. ...
Kim Tae Hoon - - 2009
Heparanase (HPA) is known to be involved in tissue remodeling of various organs with inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the level of expression and the pattern of distribution of HPA in normal human sinus mucosa, inflammatory sinus mucosa, and nasal polyps to evaluate the possible ...
Martinez-Losa M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Eosinophils are prominent effectors of allergic inflammation. Taurine-chloramine (TauCl), a derivative of the amino acid taurine, shows antioxidant properties in different cell systems but its effects on eosinophils have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of TauCl and taurine on functional responses of isolated human eosinophils activated ...
Vandenplas O - - 2009
BACKGROUND: False-negative responses to specific inhalation challenge (SIC) with occupational agents may occur. We explored whether assessing changes in sputum cell counts would help improve the identification of bronchial reactivity to occupational agents during SICs. METHODS: The predictive value of the changes in sputum cell counts after a negative FEV(1) ...
Chuang Chun-Yu - - 2009
Bronchial epithelial cells exposed to allergens typically secrete chemokines to recruit eosinophils. Persistent inflammation and repair responses result in airway remodeling and irreversible airflow limitation. House dust mite (HDM) is a common allergen causing allergic disorders. Thioredoxin (TRX) is a redox protein that scavenges reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study ...
Aceves Seema S SS Division of Allergy and Immunology, Rady Children's Hospital, 3020 Children's Way, MC 5114, San Diego, CA 92123-6791, - - 2009
The clinical and pathologic features of eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) include extensive tissue remodeling. Increasing evidence supports a key role for the eosinophil in multiple aspects of the esophageal remodeling and fibrosis seen in this allergic disease. This article reviews the clinical implications of esophageal remodeling and fibrosis in EE and ...
Kelly Elizabeth A B EA Section of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792, USA. - - 2009
The primary function of IL-7 is to promote maturation and survival of T cells. Through microarray expression analysis, we previously observed that human blood eosinophils express mRNA for IL-7R alpha (CD127) and its common gamma chain (CD132). The purpose of this study was to determine whether eosinophils have functional IL-7 ...
Mishra Anil A Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy and Immunology, 3333 Burnnet Avenue, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2009
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a newly recognized disease and is an emerging entity throughout developing and developed countries, including the United States. Therefore, understanding the causes, natural history, diagnosis, and management is important for future therapeutic interventions. The pathogenesis of EoE is still not clear, but a growing body of ...
Radke Amy L AL Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2009
Eosinophil chemotaxis and survival within tissues are key components in the development of tissue eosinophilia and subsequent effector responses. In this study, we demonstrate a novel mechanism of eosinophil autoregulation affecting migration and survival mediated through Notch signaling. We show for the first time that human blood eosinophils express Notch ...
Seeds Michael C MC Department of Internal Medicine/Sections on Molecular Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. - - 2009
Although the role of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism to eicosanoids has been well established in allergy and asthma, recent studies in neoplastic cells have revealed that AA remodeling through phospholipids impacts cell survival. This study tests the hypothesis that regulation of AA/phospholipid-remodeling enzymes, cytosolic phospholipase A(2) alpha(cPLA(2)-alpha, gIValphaPLA(2)) and CoA-independent ...
Månsson Anne - - 2009
Viral respiratory infections are increasingly implicated in allergic exacerbations. The mechanisms behind this are not known, but a virus-induced activation of eosinophils through TLRs could be involved. Herein, we investigated the expression and function of TLR7 and TLR9 in purified eosinophils from peripheral blood and assessed their role in allergic ...
Fujiwara Ricardo T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hookworms survive for several years (5 to 7 years) in the host lumen, inducing a robust but largely ineffective immune response. Among the most striking aspects of the immune response to hookworm (as with many other helminths) is the ablation of parasite-specific T cell proliferative response (hyporesponsiveness). While the ...
Erpenbeck Veit J - - 2009
There is increasing interest in testing surfactant preparations for asthma therapy. Previously, Curosurf was demonstrated to increase inflammation in allergic asthmatics. So far, little is known about the immunomodulatory effects of therapeutic surfactants, in particular concerning the interaction of surfactant components with eosinophils as key effector cells of the allergic ...
Bafadhel M M Institute for Lung Health, Leicester, - - 2009
Airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is predominately neutrophilic, but some subjects demonstrate eosinophilic airway inflammation. Whether these inflammatory phenotypes have differential cytokine and chemokine expression is unknown. To assess the sputum concentrations of cytokines and chemokines and their response to oral corticosteroid therapy in COPD subjects with ...
Squaiella Carla Cristina - - 2008
Late phase reaction (LPR) of immediate hypersensitivity is a Th2 response characterized by eosinophil recruitment and related to allergic asthma pathogenesis. Several strategies were developed trying to control the tissue damage observed in this reaction. Recently, we verified that killed Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), a Gram-positive bacillus, immunomodulated LPR in ...
Cortez-Retamozo Virna - - 2008
Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes that degrade and remodel tissue extracellular matrix through production of proteolytic enzymes, release of proinflammatory factors to initiate and propagate inflammatory responses, and direct activation of mucus secretion and smooth muscle cell constriction. Thus, eosinophils are central effector cells during allergic airway inflammation and an important ...
Cortez-Retamozo Virna - - 2008
Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes that degrade and remodel tissue extracellular matrix through production of proteolytic enzymes, release of proinflammatory factors to initiate and propagate inflammatory responses, and direct activation of mucus secretion and smooth muscle cell constriction. Thus, eosinophils are central effector cells during allergic airway inflammation and an important ...
Yasui Fumihiko - - 2008
The details of the mechanism by which severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) causes severe pneumonia are unclear. We investigated the immune responses and pathologies of SARS-CoV-infected BALB/c mice that were immunized intradermally with recombinant vaccinia virus (VV) that expressed either the SARS-CoV spike (S) protein (LC16m8rVV-S) or simultaneously all ...
Driss Virginie - - 2009
Peripheral blood and tissue eosinophilia are a prominent feature in allergic diseases and during helminth infections. Eosinophil recruitment also frequently occurs upon mycobacterial infections, particularly in lung granuloma. However, the mechanism by which eosinophils interact with mycobacteria remains largely unknown. Because eosinophils recently have been shown to be involved in ...
Spencer Lisa A LA Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, E/CLS-9, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2009
Eosinophils are innate immune leukocytes implicated in the initiation and maintenance of type 2 immune responses, including asthma and allergy. The ability to store and rapidly secrete preformed cytokines distinguishes eosinophils from most lymphocytes, which must synthesize cytokine proteins prior to secretion and may be a factor in the apparent ...
Li Zhuowei Z Department of Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 103004, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2009
Asthma remains a major cause of morbidity and hospitalizations in developed nations. Despite the widespread prevalence of this disease, the genetic and environmental factors that mediate development and progression of allergic airways disease remain poorly understood. Pulmonary recruitment of eosinophils is believed to contribute to many cardinal features of allergic ...
Lampinen Maria - - 2008
The aim of this investigation was to study the involvement of eosinophil and neutrophil granulocytes in different stages of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Biopsy samples were taken from the right flexure of the colon and from the rectum in patients with active (n=12) and inactive colonic CD ...
Jessup Heidi K HK Inflammation Research, Amgen, Seattle, WA 98119, - - 2008
The epithelial-derived cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is sufficient to induce asthma or atopic dermatitis-like phenotypes when selectively overexpressed in transgenic mice, or when driven by topical application of vitamin D3 or low-calcemic analogues. Although T and B cells have been reported to be dispensable for the TSLP-induced inflammation in ...
Moos Michael P W - - 2008
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) are potent mediators of inflammation synthesized by the concerted actions of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), 5-LO-activating protein (FLAP), leukotriene C(4) synthase, and additional downstream enzymes, starting with arachidonic acid substrate. CysLTs produced by macrophages, eosinophils, mast cells, and other inflammatory cells activate 3 different high-affinity CysLT receptors: CysLT(1)R, CysLT(2)R, ...
Wong Chun K - - 2009
Allergic diseases such as asthma and allergic dermatitis are associated with the degranulation of mast cells. Chymase, a mast-cell-specific protease, is the major component in mast cell granules that can induce eosinophil infiltration into inflammatory sites. We examined the immunopathological mechanisms for the activation of eosinophils by chymase in allergic ...
Foster Paul S - - 2008
Recruitment of eosinophils has long been recognized as a hallmark of the inflammatory response in asthma. However, the functions of this population of cells in host defense remain poorly understood. Eosinophils play an important part in the inflammatory response and have key regulatory roles in the afferent arm of the ...
Thomas Matthew - - 2009
We and others have established an important role for phosphoinositide-3 kinase gamma (PI3Kgamma) in the chemotactic responses of macrophages and neutrophils. The involvement of this lipid kinase in allergic inflammatory responses is, however, yet to be fully determined. Here we compare wild-type (WT) and PI3Kgamma(-/-) (KO) mice within a model ...
Yoon Juhan J Department of Immunology, Division of Allergic Disease, Mayo Graduate School, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2008
Eosinophils produce and release various proinflammatory mediators and also show immunomodulatory and tissue remodeling functions; thus, eosinophils may be involved in the pathophysiology of asthma and other eosinophilic disorders as well as host defense. Several major questions still remain. For example, how do human eosinophils become activated in diseased tissues ...
Chiu Pu-Rong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Asthma is an allergic inflammatory disease of the airways. The interaction between bronchial epithelial cells and eosinophils is an important feature of an asthma attack. Eotaxin, an eosinophil-specific C-C chemokine, is a potent chemoattractant involved in the mobilization of eosinophils into the airway after allergic stimulation. Cnidii monnieri fructus, ...
Komatsu Naoki - - 2008
PURPOSE: To characterize the transcriptome of allergic conjunctivitis mediated by eosinophil-related chemokine receptor CCR3 and to identify a candidate for possible therapeutic intervention in eosinophilic inflammation of the eye. METHODS: Mice were sensitized to ragweed pollen, and allergic conjunctivitis was induced by an allergen challenge. The induction of allergic conjunctivitis ...
Rothenberg Marc E - - 2008
My research has focused on elucidating the allergy problem over the past two decades. The primary approach has been to uncover critical mechanisms of allergic inflammation, with particular focus on eosinophils, a hallmark cellular constituent of allergic responses. Molecular processes that bridge T helper cell type 2 (TH2) immunity with ...
Lucendo A J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EO) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the oesophagus, with an emergent character, defined by the presence of a dense infiltrate by eosinophilic leukocytes restricted to the mucosa of this organ after excluding gastro-oesophageal acid reflux. It is manifested by chronic and/or recurrent dysphagia and episodes of ...
Morris Kirsten R - - 2008
Increasing resistance to anthelmintic drugs indicates a vital need to develop alternative strategies to control helminth infections. Interleukin-3 (IL-3) is a multilineage hematopoietic growth regulator produced by activated T lymphocytes in response to infection. In helminth infections, eosinophils play an important role in the elimination of parasites through their recruitment ...
Otto Bradley A - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the recent literature regarding select cytokines involved in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps is generally characterized by eosinophilic infiltration and a Th2-biased cytokine profile. However, the mechanisms that lead to nasal polyps are not clear. RECENT FINDINGS: There has ...
Boix Ester - - 2008
The eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is a secretory ribonuclease, which is found in the eosinophilic leukocyte and involved in the innate immune system. Its cytotoxic activity is effective against a wide range of pathogens, suggesting a relatively non-specific mechanism of action. We review here the specific antipathogen activities that have ...
Mavenyengwa M - - 2008
This study was carried out to establish whether cattle can develop resistance to re-infection by Calicophoron microbothrium by assessing the response of intestinal mucosal globule leukocytes, eosinophils, mast cells and basophils, and the establishment of the parasite in the host. A total of 24 1-year-old Tuli steers were randomly divided ...
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