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Kim Jung Mogg - - 2010
Although Helicobacter pylori infections of the gastric mucosa are characterized by the infiltration of inflammatory cells such as eosinophils, the responses of eosinophils to H. pylori vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) have not been fully elucidated. This study investigates the role of VacA in the apoptosis of human eosinophils. We treated human ...
Matsuba-Kitamura Saori - - 2010
IL-33, a member of the IL-1 family of cytokines, is the ligand for ST2 (IL-33Ralpha chain). IL-33 has the capacity to induce T(h)2 cytokine production from T(h)2 cells, mast cells and basophils, indicating that IL-33 has the potential to induce T(h)2 cytokine-mediated allergic inflammation of the eye. Thus, we tested ...
Bates Mary Ellen - - 2010
Human blood eosinophils exposed ex vivo to hematopoietic cytokines (e.g., IL-5 or GM-CSF) subsequently display enhanced responsiveness to numerous chemoattractants, such as chemokines, platelet-activating factor, or FMLP, through a process known as priming. Airway eosinophils, obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage after segmental Ag challenge, also exhibit enhanced responsiveness to selected chemoattractants, ...
Park Choon-Sik - - 2010
While much has indeed been learned about the biology and role of eosinophils, the paradigm of eosinophils has the pros and cons in development of asthma. To answer the questions in the black box, this review firstly discusses the biological and morphological differences between asthma and eosinophilic bronchitis (EB). EB ...
Kupczyk Maciej - - 2010
The pathogenetic mechanisms underlying development of persistent inflammation in aspirin (ASA) intolerance are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine levels of MCP-3, RANTES, eotaxin, Il-5 and Il-3 in aspirin intolerant asthmatics (AIA) after nasal lysine-aspirin (Lys-ASA) challenge. Twenty AIA and 10 aspirin tolerant controls (ATC) ...
Kobayashi Takehito - - 2010
Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes involved in various inflammatory processes, as well as tissue remodeling and immunoregulation. During inflammation and infection, injured cells and damaged tissues release uric acid and monosodium urate (MSU) crystals as important endogenous danger signals. Uric acid is also implicated in the immunogenic effects of an authentic ...
Jang Yong Ju - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Rhinovirus and fungi are common environmental factors able to induce airway inflammation. They are associated with the production of chemical mediators by direct activation of epithelial cells. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of fungal stimulation of rhinovirus-infected nasal polyp epithelial cells (NPECs) on the activation and migration of eosinophils. ...
Venge Per - - 2010
Eosinophils are common findings cells in allergic asthma as is sub-base membrane thickening of the airways. The objective of this review was to summarise some recent findings linking the activities of eosinophils to airways remodelling. The study used a review of current literature with emphasis on our own recent findings. ...
Cheung Phyllis Fung-Yi - - 2010
IL-31 is a novel T(h) type 2 cytokine that can induce pruritus and dermatitis in mice resembling human atopic dermatitis (AD). Eosinophil infiltration in skin lesions is a predominant pathological feature of AD. In the present study, we investigated the effects of IL-31 on the activation of human eosinophils and ...
Ilmarinen-Salo Pinja - - 2010
Asthma is characterized by accumulation of eosinophils in the lungs and delayed apoptosis may be one mechanism leading to eosinophilia. Nitric oxide (NO), present in inflamed lungs, has been shown to possess both anti- and proeosinophilic properties. We previously showed that NO induces apoptosis in the presence of survival prolonging ...
Lucendo Alfredo J - - 2010
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic clinicopathological entity characterized by large numbers of intraepithelial eosinophils infiltrating the esophageal mucosa, which is not caused by gastroesophageal reflux. This disease has become widely recognized over the past few years and new methods have been developed to reveal its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Owing ...
Lee J J - - 2010
Discussions of eosinophils are often descriptions of end-stage effector cells with destructive capabilities mediated predominantly by released cytotoxic cationic granule proteins. Moreover, eosinophils in the medical literature are invariably associated with the pathologies linked with helminth infections or allergic diseases such as asthma. This has led to an almost fatalist ...
Park Yong Mean - - 2010
Eosinophilia is common feature of many disorders, including allergic diseases. There are many factors that influence the production, migration, survival and death of the eosinophil. Apoptosis is the most common form of physiological cell death and a necessary process to maintain but limit cell numbers in humans and other species. ...
Hu Shuiqing - - 2011
Interleukin (IL)-27 is a novel IL-12 family cytokine and its immunomodulatory effects on T-lymphocytes, B-lymphocytes and mast cells were extensively studied. IL-27 could suppress Th2-mediated allergic diseases in mouse models. However, the role of IL-27 on eosinophils, the principal effector cells in allergic diseases, remains unexplored. Our present study revealed ...
Queto Tulio - - 2010
IL-13 and eotaxin play important, inter-related roles in asthma models. In the lungs, CysLT, produced by the 5-LO-LTC4S pathway, mediate some local responses to IL-13 and eotaxin; in bone marrow, CysLT enhance IL-5-dependent eosinophil differentiation. We examined the effects of IL-13 and eotaxin on eosinophil differentiation. Semi-solid or liquid cultures ...
Shii Daisuke - - 2010
PURPOSE: We established a T-helper Type 2 (Th2) clone-induced conjunctival eosinophilia model by injecting D10.G.4.1 (D10) cells, a murine Th2 clone, and conalbumin, its specific antigen, into conjunctiva of AKR/J mice. Using this model, we investigated the effect of a coinjection of D10 cells and conalbumin into conjunctiva on corneal ...
Akuthota Praveen - - 2010
The recognition of eosinophils as complex immunomodulatory cells has been increasing in recent years. One prominent novel immunomodulatory function of eosinophils is their role as antigen-presenting cells (APCs). This review will examine the evidence that has enhanced the understanding of eosinophils as APCs in the context of allergic inflammation, with ...
Spencer Lisa A - - 2010
Eosinophils, innate immune leukocytes elicited by Th2 cells, have long been associated with the effector arm of Th2 immune responses. However, accumulating data over the past decade reveal a much more dynamic picture of Th2 immunity, where eosinophils are present very early in response to Th2-inducing agents and function in ...
Nissim Ben Efraim Alon H - - 2010
Eosinophils are involved in various inflammatory processes including allergic inflammation during which angiogenesis has been documented. Angiogenesis is most likely connected to the hypoxia which characterizes inflamed tissues. Eosinophils produce VEGF and are pro-angiogenic. However, to the best of our knowledge no study has been performed to verify the existence ...
Huang Jennifer J - - 2010
ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is characterized by the inflammation of the esophagus and the infiltration of eosinophils into the esophagus, leading to symptoms such as dysphagia and stricture formation. Systemic immune indicators like eotaxin and fibroblast growth factor were evaluated for possible synergistic pathological effects. Moreover, blood cells, local tissue, ...
Hosoki Koa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that probiotics alleviate pathophysiological processes of allergic diseases and inflammatory bowel diseases, whereas 'non-probiotic' microflora has negative effects. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well known, especially in relation to eosinophils, the major effector cells of these inflammatory diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of probiotic ...
Chang Kun-Che - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic granulocytes are important for the human immune system. Many cationic proteins with cytotoxic activities, such as eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), are released from activated eosinophils. ECP, with low RNase activity, is widely used as a biomarker for asthma. ECP inhibits cell viability and induces ...
Schuligoi Rufina - - 2010
Accumulation of type 2 T helper (Th2) lymphocytes and eosinophils is a hallmark of bronchial asthma and other allergic diseases, and it is believed that these cells play a crucial pathogenic role in allergic inflammation. Thus, Th2 cells and eosinophils are currently considered a major therapeutic target in allergic diseases ...
Kankaanranta Hannu - - 2010
Granulocytes are important in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases. Apoptosis is pivotal in the resolution of inflammation. Apoptosis in malignant cells is induced by histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, whereas HDAC inhibitors do not usually induce apoptosis in non-malignant cells. The aim of the present study was to explore the ...
Litteljohn Darcy - - 2010
Parkinson's disease (PD) has been associated with exposure to a variety of environmental agents, including pesticides, heavy metals, and organic pollutants; and inflammatory processes appear to constitute a common mechanistic link among these insults. Indeed, toxin exposure has been repeatedly demonstrated to induce the release of oxidative and inflammatory factors ...
Uller Lena - - 2010
It is widely assumed that apoptosis of eosinophils is a central component of resolution of allergic airway disease. However, this has not been demonstrated in human allergic airways in vivo. Based on animal in vivo observations we hypothesised that steroid-induced resolution of human airway eosinophilic inflammation involves inhibition of CCL5 ...
Dutsch-Wicherek Magdalena - - 2010
The expression of metallothionein (MT) is involved in acquiring resistance to immune-mediated apoptosis; it is also a negative regulator of the immune response. Nasal polyps are typified by a resistance to immune-mediated apoptosis as well as by excessive immune cell infiltration. RCAS1 (receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells) is ...
Chow Joyce Y S - - 2010
The novel interleukin (IL)-1 family cytokine IL-33 has been shown to activate T helper 2 (Th2) lymphocytes, mast cells and basophils to produce an array of proinflammatory cytokines, as well as to mediate blood eosinophilia, IgE secretion and hypertrophy of airway epithelium in mice. In the present study, we characterized ...
Neilsen C V - - 2010
Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EE) is a clinico-pathologically defined oesophageal disorder that is characterized by eosinophil migration into oesophageal tissues. There is growing support for EE being an allergic disease and for a contribution of T-helper type 2 (Th2)-associated cytokines in disease pathogenesis. The respiratory system has been shown to be critical ...
Caruso R A - - 2009
Granuloma is a focal, compact collection of inflammatory cells in which mononuclear phagocytes predominate. The authors report 9 cases of papillary-tubular gastric adenocarcinomas characterized by mature granulomas associated with recent microhemorrhages. Mature granulomas were composed of foamy, CD68-positive histiocytes with occasional giant cells. Hemosiderin-containing macrophages were present in the tumor ...
Bournazou Irini I Medical Research Council (MRC) Centre for Inflammation Research, Queen's Medical Research Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2010
Eosinophilic granulocytes are innate effector cells that are important in immune responses against helminth parasitic infections and contribute towards the pathology associated with allergic inflammatory conditions, including allergic rhinitis and asthma. Their recruitment to inflammatory sites occurs in response to chemotactic and activation signals, such as eotaxin and interleukin-5, and ...
Matsuwaki Yoshinori - - 2009
Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma and in immunity to certain organisms. Associations between exposure to an environmental fungus, such as Alternaria, and asthma have been recognized clinically. Protease-activated receptors (PARs) are G protein-coupled receptors that are cleaved and activated by serine proteases, but their roles ...
Wong Chun K - - 2010
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is highly expressed by bronchial epithelial cells and skin keratinocytes in allergic diseases. TSLP acts as a master switch for allergic inflammation through the activation of dendritic cells and mast cells for initiating inflammatory type 2 T-helper lymphocyte responses. To elucidate the immunological cascades of epithelium/keratinocyte-eosinophil-mediated ...
Simpson Jodie L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The assessment of eosinophilic airway inflammation using induced sputum identifies a corticosteroid-responsive subtype that can be used to guide anti-inflammatory therapy. The stability of airway inflammation in asthma over time is not known, yet this information is crucial to inflammation-based patient management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was ...
Tulic Meri K - - 2009
Eosinophils expressing indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) may contribute to T-helper cell (Th)2 predominance. To characterize human thymus IDO+ eosinophil ontogeny relative to Th2 regulatory gene expression, we processed surgically obtained thymi from 22 children (age: 7 days to 12 years) for immunohistochemistry and molecular analysis, and measured cytokine and kynurenine ...
Shin Myeong Heon - - 2009
Eosinophilic leukocytes function in host protection against parasitic worms. In turn, helminthic parasites harbor specific molecules to evade or paralyze eosinophil-associated host immune responses; these molecules facilitate the migration and survival of parasitic helminths in vivo. This competition between eosinophil and worm leads to stable equilibria between them. An understanding ...
Lotfi Ramin - - 2009
Eosinophils (Eos) are found at increased numbers within necrotic areas of tumors. We show that necrotic material from cell lysates containing damage-associated molecular pattern molecules induce eosinophil degranulation (release of major basic protein and eosinophil peroxidase) and enhance their oxidative burst while the stimulatory capacity of cell lysates is significantly ...
M?nsson Anne - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: Viral respiratory infections are increasingly implicated in allergic exacerbations. Virus-induced activation of eosinophils through Toll-like receptors (TLRs) could be involved. The present study was designed to examine TLR3 expression in eosinophils from bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) during symptomatic allergic rhinitis, and to evaluate the functional responsiveness ...
Zyada Manal Mohamed - - 2009
Although most cases of eosinophilic granuloma (an immune-mediated lesion) do not behave in an aggressive manner, occasionally, recurrence after treatment has been observed. This study aims to investigate the significance and relationship of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and infiltration of macrophages in eosinophilic granulomas (EGs). The immunohistochemical strept avidin-biotin complex method ...
McKee Amy S - - 2009
To understand more about how the body recognizes alum we characterized the early innate and adaptive responses in mice injected with the adjuvant. Within hours of exposure, alum induces a type 2 innate response characterized by an influx of eosinophils, monocytes, neutrophils, DCs, NK cells and NKT cells. In addition, ...
Armengot Miguel - - 2009
Eosinophils are possibly the most important inflammatory cells in the pathogenesis of rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis. Eosinophil degranulation is the mechanism by which these cells exert their inflammatory action. Knowledge of eosinophil state and degranulation mode therefore may help us to better understand this disease. A study is made of ...
Linch Stefanie N - - 2009
Eosinophils are best known as the predominant cellular infiltrate associated with asthma and parasitic infections. Recently, numerous studies have documented the presence of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) on the surfaces of eosinophils, suggesting that these leukocytes may participate in the recognition and killing of viruses and bacteria. However, the significance of ...
Saitoh T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-17A is a highly inflammatory cytokine with a robust effect on stromal cells in many tissues. Although IL-17A is known to be associated with inflammatory lung disorders by triggering an accumulation of neutrophils, the effect of IL-17A on the upper airway is still uncertain. The expression of IL-17A ...
Wang Yuan - - 2009
It is important to understand the pathogenesis of asthma induced by natural allergens, which could exclude the interference of artificial adjuvant and provide insights of natural immune response in the disease. In the present study, we show that Trichosanthin (TCS) could induce airway inflammation even without the help of alum. ...
Duffin Rodger R MRC Centre for Inflammation Research, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh Medical School, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2009
Eosinophils are major players in inflammatory allergic diseases such as asthma, hay fever and eczema. Here we show that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKi) R-roscovitine efficiently and rapidly induces human eosinophil apoptosis using flow cytometric analysis of annexin-V/propidium iodide staining, morphological analysis by light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and Western ...
Chakir J - - 2010
Normalisation of eosinophil counts in sputum of asthmatic patients reduces eosinophilic exacerbations. However, the effect of this strategy on airway remodelling remains to be determined. We compared bronchial inflammation and collagen deposition after 2 yrs of treatment guided by either sputum eosinophils (sputum strategy, SS) or by clinical criteria (clinical ...
Rubin Jenny - - 2009
Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is a secretory protein of the eosinophil granulocyte, a cell involved in innate immunity. Functional studies have implicated ECP in numerous processes, such as tissue remodeling in allergic inflammation and cytotoxicity toward a variety of pathogens. Recent genetic studies have suggested that the ECP 434(G>C) polymorphism ...
Lee H - - 2009
Clinical and experimental studies have established eosinophilia as a sign of allergic disorders. Activation of eosinophils in the airways is believed to cause epithelial tissue injury, contraction of airway smooth muscle and increased bronchial responsiveness. As part of the search for new antiasthmatic agents produced by medicinal plants, the effects ...
Diao Zongli - - 2009
To determine how combination therapy with albendazole and dexamethasone changed cytokine responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in patients with eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis (EOMA), we measured mRNA levels of Th2 (IL-5, IL-4 and IL-10) and Th1 (IL-2 and IFN-gamma) cytokines with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction ...
Wang Jiong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Phagocytic clearance of apoptotic eosinophils plays an important role in the successful resolution of asthmatic inflammation. To our knowledge, there is limited information available on the effects of anti-asthma drugs on the ingestion of apoptotic eosinophils by bronchial epithelial cells. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of dexamethasone, aminophylline and ...
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