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Verbeke Joren J M-team and Mastitis and Milk Quality Research Unit, Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics, and Herd Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Associations between polymorphisms in the candidate gene CXCR1, encoding the chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 1, and udder health have been identified before. In the present study, associations between the CXCR1 genotype (whole coding region) and apoptosis, necrosis, and concentration of milk polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocyte (PMNL) of 292 quarters belonging to ...
Ryoo Soyoon - - 2013
Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) is commonly observed in patients treated with excessive glucocorticoid (GC). Single administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has shown to induce immune stimulatory factors. However, the effect of repeated administration of LPS on GC-induced ANFH has not been studied. Thus the purpose of this study ...
Bakarev M A - - 2013
Peculiarities of pathomorphogenesis of two destructive forms of acute pancreatitis were compared using three experimental models. We have shown that the direction of the pathological process is determined by specific combinations of pathogenic factors. Pathological processes caused by common bile duct ligation (ductal hypertension) alone and in combination with injection ...
Janko Christina - - 2013
Apoptosis and necrosis reflect the program of cell death employed by a dying cell and the final stage of death, respectively. Whereas apoptosis is defined as a physiological, highly organized cell death process, necrosis is commonly considered to be accidental and uncontrolled. Physiological and weak pathological death stimuli preferentially induce ...
Martini Alberto - - 2012
Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) sets well apart from all the other forms of JIA. Several observations show that sJIA is etiopathogenically different from all the other forms of JIA and has a prominent autoinflammatory component. A major role in the pathogenesis is played by two proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-6 and ...
Macintyre David A - - 2012
Abstract Pregnancy is characterised by a complex interplay of inflammatory events regulated by both the innate and acquired immune systems. Similarly, parturition can be viewed as the activation of "pro-labour" inflammatory pathways, which drive cervical ripening and myometrial activation. Premature activation of these pathways, for example, by infection, can lead ...
Jacobsen Lars - - 2012
Allergen Specific Immunotherapy (SIT) for respiratory allergic diseases is able to significantly improve symptoms as well as reduce the need for symptomatic medication, but SIT also has the capacity for long-term clinical effects and plays a protective role against the development of further allergies and symptoms. The treatment acts on ...
Chowdhury Roshni Roy - - 2012
This review describes the adjuvanticity of novel diterpenoids (synthetic phytol derivatives) compared to some commercially available adjuvants. The efficacy of the phytol-derived immunostimulants was evaluated in terms of their ability to activate innate immunity, amplify various antigen-specific immune responses, and engender immunological memory with no discernible adverse effects in both ...
MacLellan Lindsay M LM University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2011
Cells of the monocytic lineage play fundamental roles in the regulation of health, ranging from the initiation and resolution of inflammation to bone homeostasis. In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the inflamed synovium exhibits characteristic infiltration of macrophages along with local osteoclast maturation, which, together, drive chronic inflammation and downstream articular destruction. ...
Giannakakis Konstantinos - - 2011
The spectrum of morphologic changes in lupus nephritis, either microscopic, ultrastructural, or immunohistological, closely reflects the great variety of immune complexes that are produced in the course of the disease. Every tissue component of the kidney can be affected, but glomeruli are the target structure in most patients. Several attempts ...
Adams Charles A CA - - 2011
Despite continual advances in medical care and injury prevention efforts, traumatic injury remains a leading cause of death of Americans with these deaths occurring in a tri-modal pattern. The early phases of this pattern are characterized by immune activation whereas the last phase is marked by profound immune dysfunction. It ...
Hurley Walter L - - 2011
Immunoglobulins form an important component of the immunological activity found in milk and colostrum. They are central to the immunological link that occurs when the mother transfers passive immunity to the offspring. The mechanism of transfer varies among mammalian species. Cattle provide a readily available immune rich colostrum and milk ...
Jawa Randeep S - - 2011
A variety of cytokines play a role in the inflammatory response. Interleukin-6 (IL-6)-type cytokines are released in response to tissue injury or an inflammatory stimulus, and act locally and systemically to generate a variety of physiologic responses. Interleukin-6 concentrations are elevated after surgery, trauma, and critical illness. The magnitude of ...
Seitz Daniel H - - 2011
Blunt chest trauma impairs the outcome of multiple injured patients. Lung contusion induces inflammatory alterations and Fas-dependent apoptosis of alveolar epithelial type 2 (AT2) cells has been described. The Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) system seems to exhibit a proinflammatory potential. We aimed to elucidate the involvement of the Fas/FasL system in ...
Tsukamoto T - - 2011
Trauma is a leading cause of death and although the gut is recognized as the 'motor' of post-traumatic systemic inflammatory response syndrome and multiple organ failure, studies on the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are few. Our objectives were to create a precisely controllable tissue injury model in which GI motility, systemic ...
Groeneveld Kathelijne M - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To address and summarize some key issues and recent insights into the use of immunomodulating interventions to prevent and treat inflammatory complications in trauma patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Immunomodulatory therapies are aimed at altering the systemic inflammatory response after trauma to prevent and treat the inflammatory complications a ...
Abaamrane Loubna - - 2011
The therapeutic efficiency of cochlear infusion of two anti-apoptotic substances: a potent calpain inhibitor, leupeptin and a caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-FMK was evaluated in guinea pigs after a gunshot noise-induced trauma (170 dB SPL). A preliminary study showed that hair cell apoptosis appeared within 7 days of the noise trauma. For each animal, ...
Schneider E Marion - - 2011
Severe trauma and the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) occur as a result of a cytokine storm which is in part due to ATP released from damaged tissue. This pathology also leads to increased numbers of immature antigen presenting cells (APC) sharing properties of dendritic cells (DC) or macrophages (MΦ). ...
Schulze-Tanzil G - - 2011
Owing to limited self-healing capacity, tendon ruptures and healing remain major orthopedic challenges. Increasing evidence suggests that post-traumatic inflammatory responses, and hence, cytokines are involved in both cases, and also in tendon exercise and homeostasis. This review summarizes interrelations known between the cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α, IL-6 ...
Jawa Randeep S - - 2011
A variety of cytokines play a role in the response to an inflammatory stimulus. The interleukin-6 (IL-6)-type cytokines are released in response to tissue injury or an inflammatory stimulus. They act locally and systemically to generate a variety of physiologic responses, principal among them is the acute phase response. The ...
Neunaber Claudia - - 2011
Due to improved treatment strategies mortality in multiple trauma patients has been decreased over the last decades. However, posttraumatic complications like sepsis and subsequent multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) remain a major problem on intensive care units following major trauma. The clinical course after multiple trauma depends on the balance ...
Sun Bin - - 2011
Oxidative stress is an important inducer of cell apoptosis and plays a key role in the development of renal inflammation. The prostate apoptosis response factor-4 (Par-4) gene was originally identified in prostate cells undergoing apoptosis. Subsequently, Par-4 was found to possess potent pro-apoptotic activity in various cellular systems. However, it ...
Paunel-Görgülü Adnana - - 2011
Deregulated apoptosis and overshooting neutrophil functions contribute to immune and organ dysfunction in sepsis and multiple organ failure (MOF). In the present study, we determined the role of soluble Fas (sFas) in the regulation of posttraumatic neutrophil extrinsic apoptosis and the development of sepsis. Forty-seven major trauma patients, 18 with ...
Jawa Randeep S - - 2010
A variety of cytokines play a role in the inflammatory response. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) type cytokines are released in response to tissue injury or an inflammatory stimulus, and act locally and systemically to generate a variety of physiologic responses. Interleukin 6 concentrations are elevated after surgery, trauma, and critical illness. ...
Du Quan - - 2012
Severe trauma often leads to diminished cytokines especially from macrophages to Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists. However, the molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. As surgical trauma could also induce neuroendocrine hormones to modulate the immune system, we investigated the effects of major hormones, including endogenous glucocorticoid (corticosterone (CORT)), epinephrine (E), ...
Cina Davide P - - 2011
Peritubular vascular changes and hypoxia after glomerular injury may explain subsequent tubulointerstitial injury and fibrosis. Several studies suggested that the expected tubulointerstitial angiogenic response is actively suppressed in this setting. The mechanism of this aberrant response has not been clearly identified. We used a common model of glomerular injury in ...
Wilkinson Ray - - 2011
Renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (PTEC) respond and contribute to the pathological process in a range of kidney diseases. Within this disease setting, PTEC up-regulate surface antigens which may enable them to act as non-professional antigen-presenting cells and become targets for infiltrating T cells in the context of disease and ...
Shimada Michiko - - 2011
Minimal change disease (MCD) is the most common nephrotic syndrome in children and is commonly thought to be a T-cell disorder mediated by a circulating factor that alters podocyte function resulting in massive proteinuria. We suggest that MCD is a "two-hit" disorder. As originally hypothesized by Reiser et al. in ...
Henriksen Kammi J - - 2011
We report a 69-year-old African American woman with hemoptysis and hematuria caused by a focally crescentic pauci-immune glomerular injury associated with the presence of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs). An incidental diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma also was established based on the kidney biopsy. Given that a subset ...
Ryu Mi - - 2011
Loss of function mutations in the α3 or α4 chain of type IV collagen cause Alport nephropathy, characterized by progressive glomerulosclerosis. While studying the mechanisms that determine disease progression, we found that the evolution of kidney disease in Col4a3-deficient mice was associated with an influx of immune cell subsets including ...
Shigeoka Alana A - - 2010
Cytoplasmic innate immune receptors are important therapeutic targets for diseases associated with overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines. One cytoplasmic receptor complex, the Nlrp3 inflammasome, responds to an extensive array of molecules associated with cellular stress. Under normal conditions, Nlrp3 is autorepressed, but in the presence of its ligands, it oligomerizes, recruits ...
Sen Utpal - - 2011
Elevated level of homocysteine (Hcy) induces chronic inflammation in vascular bed, including glomerulus, and promotes glomerulosclerosis. In this study we investigated in vitro mechanism of Hcy-mediated monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) induction and determined the regulatory role of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) to ameliorate inflammation. Mouse glomerular ...
Hotta Kiyohiko - - 2011
Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is known to have pivotal roles in various inflammatory processes. The TWEAK receptor, fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14), has various unique functions under physiological and pathological conditions; however, the therapeutic potential of its direct targeting remains unknown. Here, we found that Fn14 ...
Ding Yan - - 2010
Autophagy can lead to cell death in response to stress, but it can also act as a protective mechanism for cell survival. We show that TGF-β1 induces autophagy and protects glomerular mesangial cells from undergoing apoptosis during serum deprivation. Serum withdrawal rapidly induced autophagy within 1 h in mouse mesangial ...
Hu Bo - - 2011
Mutations in the PKHD1 gene result in autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) in humans. To determine the molecular mechanism of the cystogenesis in ARPKD, we recently generated a mouse model for ARPKD that carries a targeted mutation in the mouse orthologue of human PKHD1. The homozygous mutant mice display ...
Summers Shaun A - - 2010
Glomerular disease can be triggered or exacerbated by microbes that activate the immune system by Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligation. TLR9 activation promotes host defenses through the enhancement of innate and adaptive immune responses that facilitate the recruitment of leukocytes to areas of inflammation. We defined the role of TLR9 in ...
Quiros Yaremi - - 2011
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic widely used against infections by Gram-negative microorganisms. Nephrotoxicity is the main limitation to its therapeutic efficacy. Gentamicin nephrotoxicity occurs in 10-20% of therapeutic regimes. A central aspect of gentamicin nephrotoxicity is its tubular effect, which may range from a mere loss of the brush border ...
Fujita Emiko - - 2010
Macrophages are heterogeneous and include classically activated M1 and alternatively activated M2 macrophages, characterized by pro- and anti-inflammatory functions, respectively. Macrophages that express heme oxygenase-1 also exhibit anti-inflammatory effects. We assessed the anti-inflammatory effects of statin in experimental anti-glomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis and in vitro, focusing on the macrophage heterogeneity. ...
Tadagavadi Raghu Kempegowda - - 2010
Overwhelming evidence suggests that ischemia-reperfusion injury of the kidney is an inflammatory disease mediated by innate and adoptive immune systems. The neuronal guidance molecule netrin-1 was shown to modulate inflammatory responses. Given that ischemic kidney is particularly prone to reperfusion-elicited inflammation, we sought to determine the function of netrin-1 and ...
Chang Hong-Wei - - 2010
Renal fibroblasts play a pivotal role in the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis, a condition highly predictive of progression towards end-stage renal disease. The present study investigated the anti-mitogenic and anti-inflammatory effects of an inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, mycophenolic acid (MPA) and the mechanisms underlying its action in normal rat ...
Berger Stefan P - - 2010
Chavele et al. studied the role of the mannose receptor (MR) in crescentic nephritis. The accelerated nephrotoxic model of glomerulonephritis was induced on both wild-type (WT) and MR-deficient mice. The mice lacking the MR showed a markedly altered phenotype. They were largely protected against the development of glomerulonephritis with less ...
Swaminathan Sundararaman - - 2010
After an allograft placement, the body faces an intricate task of mounting a balanced immune response to foreign antigens. The ideal response entails maintaining enough immunity to prevent infections and cancer yet not endangering the ability to achieve and maintain organ tolerance. Programmed death-1 and its ligands expressed on non-professional ...
Ko Gang Jee - - 2010
Kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) is a common and serious problem in hospitalized patients. Immune cell trafficking and leukocyte-endothelial adhesion potentiate kidney IRI. An important immunomodulatory role of T lymphocytes has been elucidated in IRI. Regulatory T cells are a lymphocyte subset that has recently been demonstrated to perform a protective ...
Okada Atsushi - - 2010
Mice have a strong ability to eliminate renal calcium oxalate crystals, and our previous examination indicated a susceptibility in which monocyte-macrophage interaction could participate in the phenomenon. To clarify the macrophage-related factors playing roles in the prevention of crystal formation in mouse kidneys, morphologic and expression studies based on microarray ...
Ka Shuk-Man - - 2010
Intra-renal T cells and macrophages play a key pathogenic role in the development and progression of glomerular crescents. We aimed to establish (S)-armepavine [(S)-ARM], a major bioactive compound of a Chinese medicinal plant, Nelumbo nucifera, as a potential therapeutic agent in the treatment of autoimmune crescentic glomerulonephritis (ACGN). A mouse ...
Ferenbach David A DA MRC Centre for Inflammation Research, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2010
Acute kidney injury has a high mortality and lacks specific therapies, with ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) being the predominant cause. Macrophages (M phi) have been used successfully in cell therapy to deliver targeted therapeutic genes in models of inflammatory kidney disease. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyzes heme breakdown and has important cytoprotective ...
Behmoaras Jacques J Department of Renal Medicine, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat is uniquely susceptible to experimentally induced crescentic glomerulonephritis. Two major quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on chromosomes 13 (Crgn1) and 16 (Crgn2) with logarithm of odds >8, as well as five other loci (Crgn3 through 7), largely explain this genetic susceptibility. To understand further the effects ...
Brunswig-Spickenheier Bärbel - - 2010
We demonstrated previously that administration of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) after renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) in rats protected renal function and hastened repair through complex paracrine mechanisms. Here we investigated kidney-protective actions of MSCs in a porcine IRI model that may have relevance to human acute kidney injury (AKI). Groups ...
Ma Frank Y - - 2010
Monocytes/macrophages are a heterogeneous cell population that play a critical role in host defense and tissue homeostasis. However, macrophage activation during acute and chronic inflammation can result in macrophage-mediated renal injury in a variety of settings, including proliferative glomerulonephritis. Macrophages can be activated via a number of intracellular signaling pathways ...
Vielhauer Volker - - 2010
Macrophages convert proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory signals of tissue microenvironments into response mechanisms. These response mechanisms largely derive from evolutionary conserved defense programs of innate host defense, wound healing, and tissue homeostasis. Hence, in many settings these programs lead to renal inflammation and tissue remodeling (ie, glomerulonephritis and sclerosis or interstitial ...
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