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Quiros Yaremi - - 2011
Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic widely used against infections by Gram-negative microorganisms. Nephrotoxicity is the main limitation to its therapeutic efficacy. Gentamicin nephrotoxicity occurs in 10-20% of therapeutic regimes. A central aspect of gentamicin nephrotoxicity is its tubular effect, which may range from a mere loss of the brush border ...
Fujita Emiko - - 2010
Macrophages are heterogeneous and include classically activated M1 and alternatively activated M2 macrophages, characterized by pro- and anti-inflammatory functions, respectively. Macrophages that express heme oxygenase-1 also exhibit anti-inflammatory effects. We assessed the anti-inflammatory effects of statin in experimental anti-glomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis and in vitro, focusing on the macrophage heterogeneity. ...
Tadagavadi Raghu Kempegowda - - 2010
Overwhelming evidence suggests that ischemia-reperfusion injury of the kidney is an inflammatory disease mediated by innate and adoptive immune systems. The neuronal guidance molecule netrin-1 was shown to modulate inflammatory responses. Given that ischemic kidney is particularly prone to reperfusion-elicited inflammation, we sought to determine the function of netrin-1 and ...
Chang Hong-Wei - - 2010
Renal fibroblasts play a pivotal role in the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis, a condition highly predictive of progression towards end-stage renal disease. The present study investigated the anti-mitogenic and anti-inflammatory effects of an inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, mycophenolic acid (MPA) and the mechanisms underlying its action in normal rat ...
Berger Stefan P - - 2010
Chavele et al. studied the role of the mannose receptor (MR) in crescentic nephritis. The accelerated nephrotoxic model of glomerulonephritis was induced on both wild-type (WT) and MR-deficient mice. The mice lacking the MR showed a markedly altered phenotype. They were largely protected against the development of glomerulonephritis with less ...
Ko Gang Jee - - 2010
Kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) is a common and serious problem in hospitalized patients. Immune cell trafficking and leukocyte-endothelial adhesion potentiate kidney IRI. An important immunomodulatory role of T lymphocytes has been elucidated in IRI. Regulatory T cells are a lymphocyte subset that has recently been demonstrated to perform a protective ...
Swaminathan Sundararaman - - 2010
After an allograft placement, the body faces an intricate task of mounting a balanced immune response to foreign antigens. The ideal response entails maintaining enough immunity to prevent infections and cancer yet not endangering the ability to achieve and maintain organ tolerance. Programmed death-1 and its ligands expressed on non-professional ...
Okada Atsushi - - 2010
Mice have a strong ability to eliminate renal calcium oxalate crystals, and our previous examination indicated a susceptibility in which monocyte-macrophage interaction could participate in the phenomenon. To clarify the macrophage-related factors playing roles in the prevention of crystal formation in mouse kidneys, morphologic and expression studies based on microarray ...
Ka Shuk-Man - - 2010
Intra-renal T cells and macrophages play a key pathogenic role in the development and progression of glomerular crescents. We aimed to establish (S)-armepavine [(S)-ARM], a major bioactive compound of a Chinese medicinal plant, Nelumbo nucifera, as a potential therapeutic agent in the treatment of autoimmune crescentic glomerulonephritis (ACGN). A mouse ...
Ferenbach David A DA MRC Centre for Inflammation Research, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2010
Acute kidney injury has a high mortality and lacks specific therapies, with ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) being the predominant cause. Macrophages (M phi) have been used successfully in cell therapy to deliver targeted therapeutic genes in models of inflammatory kidney disease. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) catalyzes heme breakdown and has important cytoprotective ...
Behmoaras Jacques J Department of Renal Medicine, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
The Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat is uniquely susceptible to experimentally induced crescentic glomerulonephritis. Two major quantitative trait loci (QTLs) on chromosomes 13 (Crgn1) and 16 (Crgn2) with logarithm of odds >8, as well as five other loci (Crgn3 through 7), largely explain this genetic susceptibility. To understand further the effects ...
Williams Timothy M - - 2010
Macrophages have long been regarded as classic mediators of innate immunity because of their production of proinflammatory cytokines and their ability to induce apoptotic cell death. As a result of such activities and the detrimental long-term effect of kidney inflammation, macrophages principally have been regarded as mediators of glomerular damage, ...
Brunswig-Spickenheier Bärbel - - 2010
We demonstrated previously that administration of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) after renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) in rats protected renal function and hastened repair through complex paracrine mechanisms. Here we investigated kidney-protective actions of MSCs in a porcine IRI model that may have relevance to human acute kidney injury (AKI). Groups ...
Ferenbach David D MRC Centre for Inflammation Research, University of Edinburgh, Little France Crescent, Edinburgh, United - - 2010
Macrophages play an important role in many aspects of tissue injury, inflammation, and repair. Macrophage accumulation is found in most forms of renal disease and depletion studies have shown that they contribute to injury. However, it is also clear that monocytes and macrophages can develop reparative properties that are critical ...
Ben Mkaddem Sanae - - 2010
The epithelial cells that line the renal tubule are sometimes severely injured in the course of inflammatory kidney diseases. These renal tubule epithelial cells (RTECs) express some of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) of the innate immune system. A number of studies have implicated RTECs, together with bone marrow-derived cells, in ...
Vielhauer Volker - - 2010
Macrophages convert proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory signals of tissue microenvironments into response mechanisms. These response mechanisms largely derive from evolutionary conserved defense programs of innate host defense, wound healing, and tissue homeostasis. Hence, in many settings these programs lead to renal inflammation and tissue remodeling (ie, glomerulonephritis and sclerosis or interstitial ...
Ma Frank Y - - 2010
Monocytes/macrophages are a heterogeneous cell population that play a critical role in host defense and tissue homeostasis. However, macrophage activation during acute and chronic inflammation can result in macrophage-mediated renal injury in a variety of settings, including proliferative glomerulonephritis. Macrophages can be activated via a number of intracellular signaling pathways ...
Chavele Konstantia-Maria - - 2010
Crescentic glomerulonephritis (CGN), which frequently results in acute and chronic kidney disease, is characterized by and dependent on glomerular infiltration by macrophages. The mannose receptor (MR) is a pattern recognition receptor implicated in the uptake of endogenous and microbial ligands by macrophages, mesangial cells (MCs), and selected endothelial cells. It ...
Li Xiaoning - - 2010
Proteinuria may contribute to progressive renal damage by inducing tubulointerstitial inflammation, fibrosis, and tubular cell injury and death, but the mechanisms underlying these pathologic changes remain largely unknown. Here, in a rat kidney proximal tubular cell line (RPTC), albumin induced apoptosis in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Caspase activation accompanied ...
Turner Jan-Eric - - 2010
The discovery of interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4(+) T (Th17) cells as a unique T-helper cell lineage has revised our understanding of T-cell-mediated tissue injury. Recent data from studies in humans and mice indicate that autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis, classically believed to be Th1-mediated, are predominantly driven ...
Kim Myung-Gyu - - 2010
Recent studies provided evidence of the potential role of CD11c(+) F4/80(+) dendritic subset in mediating injury and repair. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of kidney CD11c(+) F4/80(+) dendritic subset in the recovery phase of ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). Following ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R), liposome clodronate or phosphate buffered ...
Chettri J K - - 2010
Abstract Head kidney leucocytes are central elements in a number of in vivo and in vitro assays elucidating innate and adaptive immune mechanisms in teleosts following stimulation with various antigens. These systems are sensitive to several factors affecting the outcome of the assays. The present work describes the importance of ...
Stearns-Kurosawa D J - - 2010
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli is a principal source of regional outbreaks of bloody diarrhea and hemolytic-uremic syndrome in the United States and worldwide. Primary bacterial virulence factors are Shiga toxin types 1 and 2 (Stx1 and Stx2), and we performed parallel analyses of the pathophysiologies elicited by the toxins in ...
Oyama Yoko Y Department of Laboratory and Vascular Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima, - - 2010
Granulomatous nephritis can be triggered by diverse factors and results in kidney failure. However, despite accumulating data about granulomatous inflammation, pathogenetic mechanisms in nephritis remain unclear. The DNA-binding high-mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1) initiates and propagates inflammation when released by activated macrophages, and functions as an 'alarm cytokine' signaling tissue ...
Kim Jinu - - 2010
Kidney fibrosis, a typical characteristic of chronic renal disease, is associated with tubular epithelial cell apoptosis. The results of our recent studies have shown that Omi/HtrA2 (Omi), a proapoptotic mitochondrial serine protease, performs a crucial function in renal tubular epithelial apoptotic cell death in animal models of acute kidney injury, ...
Pozdzik Agnieszka A - - 2010
The histological features of aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) consist of paucicellular interstitial fibrosis, severe tubular atrophy, and almost intact glomeruli with media lesions of interlobular arteries. As an early phase of interstitial inflammation preceded peritubular fibrosis in the rat model of AAN, the aim was to investigate the presence of ...
Kinsey Gilbert R GR Division of Nephrology and Center for Immunity, Inflammation and Regenerative Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, - - 2010
Reperfusion following ischemia is associated with acute kidney injury and inflammation. Using a mouse model, we exposed the kidney to a nonlethal period of ischemia, rendering it refractory to future ischemia-induced dysfunction. This ischemic preconditioning is partially mediated by Treg lymphocytes that suppress immune responses. We found that this maneuver ...
Zhang Ming - - 2010
Ethylbenzene is an important industrial chemical that has recently been classified as a possible human carcinogen (International Agency of Research on Cancer class 2B), but the available data do not support the genotoxic mechanism of ethylbenzene-induced tumors in kidney. We investigated the effects of ethylbenzene on renal ultrastructure and explored ...
Peairs Abigail A Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Blacksburg, VA 24060, USA. - - 2010
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a bioactive component of green tea, has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects on immune cells. EGCG is also shown to activate the metabolic regulator, adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Reports have also indicated that EGCG inhibits the immune-stimulated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. The ...
Wu Xiaowei - - 2010
The proteinuria-induced apoptosis of proximal tubular cells (PTCs) plays a crucial role in renal tubulointerstitial injury in chronic kidney disease. Recent studies have shown that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in proteinuria-induced apoptosis of PTCs. Our study showed that albumin overload led to ER stress, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP), ...
Manoharan Anup - - 2010
Biomarkers have the potential to be useful tools for noninvasively evaluating and managing patients with lupus nephritis. Many candidate biomarkers have been identified, but they require validation in larger cohorts. It is likely that combinations or biomarker profiles, rather than individual markers, will emerge to help better predict the severity ...
Shigeoka Alana A AA Department of Immunology and Microbial Sciences, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2010
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (Nod) 1 and Nod2 are members of a family of intracellular innate sensors that participate in innate immune responses to pathogens and molecules released during the course of tissue injury, including injury induced by ischemia. Ischemic injury to the kidney is characterized by renal tubular epithelial apoptosis ...
Famulski K S - - 2010
Macrophages display two activation states that are considered mutually exclusive: classical macrophage activation (CMA), inducible by IFNG, and alternative macrophage activation (AMA), inducible by IL4 and IL13. CMA is prominent in allograft rejection and AMA is associated with tissue remodeling after injury. We studied expression of AMA markers in mouse ...
Sanchez-Niño Maria Dolores MD Nefrología, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid and Instituto Reina Sofia de Investigaciones Nefrológicas-IRSIN, Madrid, - - 2010
Apoptosis contributes to the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN), but the mechanisms that lead to diabetes-induced cell death are not fully understood. Here, we combined a functional genomics screen for cDNAs that induce apoptosis in vitro with transcriptional profiling of renal biopsies from patients with DN. Twelve of the 138 ...
Triantafyllopoulou Antigoni A Arthritis and Tissue Degeneration Program, Department of Medicine, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY 10021, - - 2010
Glomerulonephritis is a major cause of morbidity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Although substantial progress has been made in the identification of pathogenic triggers that result in autoantibody production, little is known about the pathogenesis of aggressive proliferative processes that lead directly to irreversible glomerular damage and compromise of ...
Wang Zhiyong - - 2010
The mechanism by which the serine-threonine kinase glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3beta) affects survival of renal epithelial cells after acute stress is unknown. Using in vitro and in vivo models, we tested the hypothesis that GSK3beta promotes Bax-mediated apoptosis, contributing to tubular injury and organ dysfunction after acute renal ischemia. Exposure ...
Shillingford Jonathan M - - 2010
Aberrant activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway occurs in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). mTOR inhibitors, such as rapamycin, are highly effective in several rodent models of PKD, but these models result from mutations in genes other than Pkd1 and Pkd2, which are the primary genes responsible for ...
Aki Kaoru - - 2010
Macrophages are heterogeneous immune cell populations that include classically activated and alternatively activated (M2) macrophages. We examined the anti-inflammatory effect of ANG II type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) blocker (ARB) on glomerular inflammation in a rat model of anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) glomerulonephritis (GN). The study focused on infiltrating CD8(+) and ...
Si Jin J Department of Medicine, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI, - - 2010
The motor protein nonmuscle myosin II (NMII) through its interaction with the actin cytoskeleton constitutes the machinery of cell crawling and has an important role in driving locomotion and infiltration of immune competent cells during inflammatory response and immune reaction. Blebbistatin is a highly selective inhibitor of NMII adenosine triphosphatase. ...
Aoyagi Daiju - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary-renal syndrome is characterized by pulmonary hemorrhage and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in various immunological states. Histopathological analysis of pulmonary-renal syndrome is not yet complete. METHODS: Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were sensitized using the noncollagenous (NC1) domain of type IV collagen from bovine kidney as an antigen. Histopathology of the kidneys ...
Isling Louise K - - 2010
Pyelonephritis is a serious disease in pig production that needs to be further studied. The purpose of this study was to describe the morphology, investigate the pathogenesis, and evaluate the aetiological role of Escherichia coli in pyelonephritis in slaughtered pigs by concurrent bacteriological, gross and histopathological examinations. From Danish abattoirs, ...
Ikezumi Yohei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Macrophages with a pro-inflammatory (M1) phenotype mediate renal injury in proliferative forms of glomerulonephritis, while alternatively activated (M2) macrophages are thought to be anti-inflammatory and promote repair. Glucocorticoids, the mainstay therapy for proliferative glomerulonephritis, can induce alternative macrophage activation in vitro, but it is unknown whether this occurs in ...
Grande María T - - 2010
Obstructive nephropathy is characterized by an inflammatory state in the kidney, that is promoted by cytokines and growth factors produced by damaged tubular cells, infiltrated macrophages and accumulated myofibroblasts. This inflammatory state contributes to tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis characteristic of obstructive nephropathy. Accumulation of leukocytes, especially macrophages and T ...
Tucci Marco - - 2010
Lupus nephritis (LN) occurs in more than one-third of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Its pathogenesis is mostly attributable to the glomerular deposition of immune complexes and overproduction of T helper- (Th-) 1 cytokines. In this context, the high glomerular expression of IL-12 and IL-18 exerts a major pathogenetic role. ...
Rodríguez-Iturbe Bernardo - - 2010
There is compelling evidence that interstitial inflammation plays a central role in the loss of renal function in chronic renal disease. The combined effects of interstitial inflammation, oxidative stress and local angiotensin II activity result in the disruption of glomerulus-tubule continuity, the development of pathogenic hypoxia, the generation of myofibroblasts ...
Li Min - - 2010
toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its adaptor protein MyD88 play an important role in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the kidney, and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) could ameliorate renal I/R injury. primary cultures of proximal tubule epithelial cells (PTEC) were prepared from wild-type and MyD88(-/-) mice, and subjected to hypoxia ...
Bonventre Joseph V - - 2010
The pathophysiology of acute kidney injury involves a complex interplay among vascular, tubular, and inflammatory factors followed by a repair process that can either restore epithelial differentiation and function to normal or result in progressive fibrotic chronic kidney disease. Innate and acquired immunity play an important role in the injury ...
Börgeson Emma - - 2010
Inflammation is a common feature of renal pathology. Lipid mediators, such as lipoxins, resolvins, and protectins, can actively promote the resolution of inflammation by inhibiting polymorphonuclear cell infiltration to the site of inflammation, shifting the cytokine milieu from proinflammatory to proresolving and increasing the nonphlogistic phagocytosis of apoptotic cells by ...
Eller Philipp - - 2010
Statins mediate many of their protective effects by lowering lipids as well as by modulating inflammation. Here, we studied their potential immunomodulatory role in renal inflammation using an autoimmune mouse model of anti-glomerular basement membrane glomerulonephritis. Oral treatment with Atorvastatin dramatically reduced albuminuria and histological changes in the kidneys as ...
Gu Yanhong - - 2010
Sunitinib (sunitinib malate; SU11248; SUTENT) is a novel multi-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor currently approved for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. To analyze the possible use of this compound in combination with immunotherapeutic approaches, we investigated the effects of sunitinib on the human peripheral T cells and the ...
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