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Tzekou Apostolia A Toronto Western Research Institute and Krembil Neuroscience Centre, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Neuroinflammation plays an important role in the secondary pathophysiological mechanisms of spinal cord injury (SCI) and can exacerbate the primary trauma and thus worsen recovery. Although some aspects of the immune response are beneficial, it is thought that leukocyte recruitment and activation in the acute phase of injury results in ...
Chen Zhi Z Department of Orthopaedics, Changhai Hospital Affiliated to The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, P.R. - - 2014
Chronic spinal cord compression is the result of mechanical pressure on the spinal cord, which in contrast to traumatic spinal cord injury, leads to slowly progressing nerve degeneration. These two types of spinal cord injuries may trigger similar mechanisms, including motoric nerve cell apoptosis and autophagy, however, depending on differences ...
Bartus Katalin K King's College London, Regeneration Group, The Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, London SE1 1UL, United Kingdom, Laboratory for Neuroregeneration, Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, 1105BA Amsterdam, The Netherlands, School of Biological Sciences, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, United Kingdom, Department of Physiology Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EG, United Kingdom, and Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, - - 2014
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) inhibit repair following spinal cord injury. Here we use mammalian-compatible engineered chondroitinase ABC (ChABC) delivered via lentiviral vector (LV-ChABC) to explore the consequences of large-scale CSPG digestion for spinal cord repair. We demonstrate significantly reduced secondary injury pathology in adult rats following spinal contusion injury and ...
Myers Scott A SA Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, 511S. Floyd St., Rm. 616A, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40202, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, 511S. Floyd St., Rm. 616A, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2014
CD36 is a pleiotropic receptor involved in several pathophysiological conditions, including cerebral ischemia, neurovascular dysfunction and atherosclerosis, and recent reports implicate its involvement in the endoplasmic reticulum stress response (ERSR). We hypothesized that CD36 signaling contributes to the inflammation and microvascular dysfunction following spinal cord injury. Following contusive injury, CD36(-/-) ...
Li Xiao-Qian - - 2014
Spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) involves two-phase injury, including an initial acute ischemic insult and subsequent inflammatory reperfusion injury, resulting in blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) dysfunction involving the TLR4 pathway. However, the correlation between TLR4/MyD88-dependent and TLR4/TRIF-dependent pathways in BSCB dysfunction is not fully understood. The aim of this study is ...
Munro Ami J AJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Maternity Hospital, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, - - 2014
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary cause of cervical cancer and genital warts. The development of HPV vaccines has been a major advance in the prevention of these diseases. Recent studies have shown promising early effects of HPV immunization programs on cervical abnormalities and genital warts, with evidence of herd ...
Umebayashi Daisuke D Nagoya University, Neurosurgery, Nagoya, Japan ; - - 2014
We previously demonstrated that activated microglia release excessive glutamate through gap junction hemichannels and identified a novel gap junction hemichannel blocker, INI-0602, that was proven to penetrate the blood-brain barrier and be an effective treatment in mice models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Alzheimer's disease. Spinal cord injury causes tissue ...
Iwata Takashi T Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan, - - 2014
Immune responses in the uterine cervix are considered to play an important role in persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and carcinogenesis, but many aspects of the mechanism are still unclear. The goal of this study was to measure cytokines to analyze immune responses in patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). ...
Bernut Audrey A Laboratoire de Dynamique des Interactions Membranaires Normales et Pathologiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité Mixte de Recherche 5235, Université Montpellier 2, 34095 Montpellier, - - 2014
Mycobacterium abscessus is a rapidly growing Mycobacterium causing a wide spectrum of clinical syndromes. It now is recognized as a pulmonary pathogen to which cystic fibrosis patients have a particular susceptibility. The M. abscessus rough (R) variant, devoid of cell-surface glycopeptidolipids (GPLs), causes more severe clinical disease than the smooth ...
Wang Yongxiang Y Department of Orthopedics, Clinical medical college of Yangzhou University, Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, 225001, - - 2014
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a common and serious trauma which lacks efficient treatment. Inhibition of cell death in the trauma area is important for spinal cord protection during this process. In this study, necroptosis inhibitor necrostatin-1(Nec-1) was used to treat the SCI rats, to investigate the role of Nec-1 ...
Liu Guomin G Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130041, P.R. - - 2014
Schwann cells (SCs) are the major cells constituting the peripheral nerve structure and function, and also secret a variety of neurotrophic factors. Schwann cell (SC) transplantation has recently emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for spinal cord injury (SCI). In the present study, the ability of genetically modified SCs producing ...
Elkabes Stella S The Reynolds Family Spine Laboratory, Department of Neurological Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07103, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Spinal cord injury is a debilitating condition that affects motor, sensory and autonomic functions. Subsequent to the first mechanical trauma, secondary events, which include inflammation and glial activation, exacerbate tissue damage and worsen functional deficits. Although these secondary injury mechanisms are amenable to therapeutic interventions, the efficacy of current approaches ...
Ni Hongbin - - 2014
Background Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound extracted from the plant turmeric, has protective effects on spinal cord injury (SCI) through attenuation of inflammatory response. This study was designed to detect whether curcumin modulates toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) inflammatory signaling pathway in the injured rat spinal ...
Liu Li-Bing LB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University WuXi 214062, Jiangsu Province, China ; Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital & Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College Shanghai 200011, - - 2014
To explore whether hypoxia and interleukin 8 (IL-8) regulate the viability and apoptosis of cervical carcinomas cells and the possible mechanism. We evaluated the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), IL-8 and its receptors (CXCR1 and CXCR2) in cervical cancer and cervicitis tissues by immunohistochemistry. Then the effects of hypoxia ...
Li Lan L Institute of Medical Science, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, Republic of - - 2014
The present study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of a mushroom extract from Phellinus igniarius in an animal model of multiple sclerosis. The medicinal mushroom, Phellinus igniarius, contains biologically active compounds that modulate the human immune system. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) was induced by immunization with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein ...
Cizmeci Mehmet Nevzat MN Fatih University Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2013
Early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) continues to be a severe condition associated with a high mortality and morbidity. However, symptoms and laboratory markers of this serious condition are nonspecific and currently there are no available standard tests to provide perfect diagnostic accuracy. An early recognition and initiation of antimicrobial therapy are ...
Ma Jianhua J aClinical College of General Hospital of Beijing Military Region, Anhui Medical University, Hefei bAffiliated Bayi Brain Hospital, General Hospital of Beijing Military Region cNeurosurgery Institute of Beijing Military Region, Beijing dThe Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, People's Republic of - - 2013
The ability of transplanted induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) to promote functional recovery after spinal cord injury and the mechanism by which iNSCs migrate to injured areas are poorly understood. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is a cytokine, whereas CXCR4 is its cognate receptor. The aim of this study was to ...
Zhang Gang G Department of Neurology, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, 6431 Fannin Street, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is generally accepted that there are two populations of macrophages that respond to neural injuries and successful recruitment of hematogenous macrophages has been shown to help the process of nerve repair in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Meanwhile, the recruitment of circulating macrophages after central nerve system (CNS) injuries ...
Feng Ming - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common inflammatory and demyelinating neurological disease. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS, has been widely used to test MS treatment methods. Ulinastatin (UTI), a drug used to treat acute inflammatory disorders, has been tested in animal models of autoimmune inflammatory diseases, such ...
Ling Xiang - - 2013
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced overproduction of endogenous deleterious substances triggers secondary cell death to spread damage beyond the initial injury site. Substantial experimental evidence supports reactive species (RS) as important mediators of secondary cell death after SCI. This study established quantitative temporal and spatial profiles of cell loss, characterized ...
Papa Simonetta - - 2013
The possibility to control the fate of the cells responsible of secondary mechanisms following spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most relevant challenges to reduce the post traumatic degeneration of the spinal cord. In particular, microglia/macrophages associated inflammation appears to be a self-propelling mechanism which leads to progressive ...
Kopp Marcel A - - 2013
Infections are the leading cause of death in the acute phase following spinal cord injury and qualify as independent risk factor for poor neurological outcome ("disease modifying factor"). The enhanced susceptibility for infections is not stringently explained by the increased risk of aspiration in tetraplegic patients, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, or ...
Papa Simonetta - - 2013
Much evidence shows that acute and chronic inflammation in spinal cord injury (SCI), characterized by immune cell infiltration and release of inflammatory mediators, is implicated in development of the secondary injury phase that occurs after spinal cord trauma and in the worsening of damage. Activation of microglia/macrophages and the associated ...
Zhang Yu-Kai - - 2013
Hemorrhage is a direct consequence of traumatic injury to the central nervous system and may cause innate immune reactions including cerebral Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 upregulation which usually leads to poor outcome in the traumatic brain injury. In spinal cord injury (SCI), however, how hemorrhage induces innate immune reaction in ...
Saltzman Jonah W JW Department of Cytokine Biology, Forsyth Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Controversy exists regarding the autoimmune response that has been observed following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). It is not clear if this represents a protective response by the immune system to prevent further tissue damage, a pathological reaction of the immune system to central nervous system antigens released by the ...
Conesa-Zamora Pablo - - 2013
Despite the availability of prophylactic vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), cervical cancer (CC) is still a major problem globally. It is the cancer with the second highest incidence and the third highest mortality in women worldwide, but, in less developed countries, it is an even greater problem being the second ...
Xia Guan-Nan - - 2013
Transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) into lesioned spinal cord demonstrated a beneficial effect for neural repair, the underlying mechanism, however, remains to be elusive. Here, we showed that NSCs, possessing the capacity to differentiate toward into neurons and astrocytes, exhibit a neuroprotective effect by anti-apoptosis mechanism in spinal cord ...
Huang Si-Qin - - 2013
Demyelination is one of the most important pathological factors of spinal cord injury. Oligodendrocyte apoptosis is involved in triggering demyelination. However, fewer reports on pathological changes and mechanism of demyelination have been presented from compressed spinal cord injury (CSCI). The relative effect of oligodendrocyte apoptosis on CSCI-induced demyelination and the ...
Zhang Yi Y Center for Brain and Spinal Cord Repair, Department of Neuroscience, Division of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2013
Autonomic dysreflexia (AD), a potentially dangerous complication of high-level spinal cord injury (SCI) characterized by exaggerated activation of spinal autonomic (sympathetic) reflexes, can cause pulmonary embolism, stroke, and, in severe cases, death. People with high-level SCI also are immune compromised, rendering them more susceptible to infectious morbidity and mortality. The ...
Hassanshahi Gholamhossein - - 2013
Chemokines, a subclass of cytokine superfamily have both pro-inflammatory and migratory role and serve as chemoattractant of immune cells during the inflammatory responses ensuing spinal cord injury (SCI). The chemokines, especially CXCL-1, CXCL-9, CXCL-10 and CXCL-12 contribute significant part in the inflammatory secondary damage of SCI. Inhibiting chemokine's activity and ...
Galuppo Maria - - 2013
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a highly debilitating pathology. Although innovative medical care has been improved, drug therapies to counteract neuronal damage and promote regeneration are limited. An experimental mouse model of SCI was designed to examine the possible neuroprotective role of the glucosinolate (RS)-glucoraphanin (RS-GRA), bioactivated with myrosinase enzyme ...
Vilchez José R - - 2013
Squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) and cervical cancer are primary due to suboptimal host-dependent immune response against human papillomavirus (HPV). Natural killer cells (NK) are innate-immune response components against virus and tumours. We studied whether the null allele of NKG2C NK cell receptor could be associated with low-grade (LSIL) to high-grade ...
Xia Maosheng - - 2013
Spinal cord injury is characterized by an inflammatory response that includes the increased expression of several cytokines and chemokines. Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) acts as a critical endogenous signaling molecule in inflammation and immunity. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of the proinflammatory cytokines stimulated by ATP are poorly understood. ...
Vaughn Chloe N - - 2013
Postinjury inflammation has been implicated in secondary degeneration following injury to the spinal cord. The cellular inflammatory response to injury has not been described in the lateral compression injury model, although various types of compression injuries account for ∼20% of human spinal cord injuries (SCI). Here, we used forceps to ...
Thawer Sakina G - - 2013
The role of hematogenous (hMΦ) and microglial (mMΦ) macrophages following spinal cord injury (SCI) remains unclear as they are not distinguished easily from each other in the lesion area. We have recently described the temporal and spatial response to SCI of each MΦ population using the lys-EGFP-ki mouse that enables ...
Egeland Nina Gran - - 2013
Sciatica following disc herniation may be associated with compression of spinal nerves, but also by inflammatory substances released from the nucleus pulposus (NP) leaking into the spinal canal. Here, in an animal model mimicking clinical intervertebral disc herniation, we investigate the effect of NP on neuronal activity. In anaesthetized Lewis ...
Daugherty Daniel J - - 2013
Local production of neurosteroids such as progesterone and allopregnanolone confers neuroprotection in central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory diseases. The mitochondrial translocator protein (TSPO) performs a rate-limiting step in the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone and its steroid derivatives. Previous studies have shown that TSPO is upregulated in microglia and astroglia ...
Zhang Zheng - - 2013
HAART largely decreases morbidity and mortality in chronic HIV-1-infected patients, but immune nonresponders (INRs) with full viral suppression still fail to reverse the immune deficiency. This study evaluated the safety and immunological responses of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in HIV-1-infected INRs. A total of 13 HIV-1-infected ...
Blomster Linda V LV The University of Queensland, School of Biomedical Sciences, QLD 4072, - - 2013
Macrophages in the injured spinal cord originate from resident microglia and blood monocytes. Whether this diversity in origins contributes to their seemingly dual role in immunopathology and repair processes has remained poorly understood. Here we took advantage of Cx₃cr1(gfp) mice to visualise monocyte-derived macrophages in the injured spinal cord via ...
Dong Yingying - - 2013
Uncontrolled, excessive inflammation contributes to the secondary tissue damage of traumatic spinal cord, and HMGB1 is highlighted for initiation of a vicious self-propagating inflammatory circle by release from necrotic cells or immune cells. Several regenerative-competent vertebrates have evolved to circumvent the second damages during the spontaneous spinal cord regeneration with ...
Barkauskas Deborah S DS Department of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2013
Within the central nervous system (CNS), antigen-presenting cells (APCs) play a critical role in orchestrating inflammatory responses where they present CNS-derived antigens to immune cells that are recruited from the circulation to the cerebrospinal fluid, parenchyma, and perivascular space. Available data indicate that APCs do so indirectly from outside of ...
Stein Adam - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the pro-inflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is elevated in the circulation of chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) patients relative to uninjured subjects. The secondary aim was to identify additional immune mediators that are elevated in chronic SCI subjects. DESIGN: Prospective, observational pilot ...
Yang Wen - - 2013
Impaired local cellular immunity contributes to the pathogenesis of persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and related cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Recently, the PD-1/PD-L1 (CD279/CD274) pathway was demonstrated to play a critical role in attenuating T-cell responses and promoting T-cell tolerance during chronic ...
Zhang Yu-Kai - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Our past researches suggested that L. barbarum exhibits direct neuroprotective and immune regulatory effects on the central nervous system, which are highly related to the events involved in the spinal cord injury, but not yet been investigated. Immune responses play an important role in the development of the pathology ...
Lu Ying - - 2013
Neuroinflammation in the spinal cord plays a critical role in the processing of inflammatory pain. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a predominant omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid in the central nervous system, is known to modulate inflammatory responses in various neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we investigated whether DHA could reduce inflammatory pain ...
Shechter Ravid R Department of Neurobiology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel. - - 2013
Monocyte-derived macrophages are essential for recovery after spinal cord injury, but their homing mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we show that although of common origin, the homing of proinflammatory (M1) and the "alternatively activated" anti-inflammatory (M2) macrophages to traumatized spinal cord (SC) was distinctly regulated, neither being through breached blood-brain ...
Guo Yuji - - 2013
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was investigated in the present study to examine whether it could affect the activation status of microglia under microenvironment of spinal cord injury and provide a potential therapeutic treatment for spinal cord injury. We established mouse spinal cord hemisection model and injected recombinant human G-CSF (rhG-CSF) ...
Choi Bo Yong - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of clioquinol (CQ), a metal chelator, on multiple sclerosis pathogenesis. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis was induced by immunization with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG(35-55)) in female mice. Three weeks after the initial immunization, demyelination and immune cell infiltration in the spinal cord were ...
Huxtable A G AG Department of Comparative Biosciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2013
Although systemic inflammation occurs in most pathological conditions that challenge the neural control of breathing, little is known concerning the impact of inflammation on respiratory motor plasticity. Here, we tested the hypothesis that low-grade systemic inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 100 μg/kg ip; 3 and 24 h postinjection) elicits spinal ...
Shin Taekyun - - 2013
Tissues within the central nervous system (CNS) have generally been regarded as immunologically privileged. However, in recent decades, it has been shown that immune reactions in the CNS continuously occur via various types of inflammation following autoimmune diseases and mechanical insults such as spinal cord injury (SCI). Among the various ...
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