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Results 301 - 350 of 1369
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Kawaguchi Takumi - - 2010
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has several biological actions on tumor cells, but its effects are cell-type dependent. The aim of this study was to examine the pathophysiological role of PEDF in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PEDF expression was examined in various hepatoma cell lines and human HCC tissues, and was seen ...
Levkovitch-Verbin Hani - - 2010
In central nervous system injury, the secondary degeneration process is known to play a major role in determining the final extent of impairment. Here, we investigated the mechanism of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in secondary degeneration of the optic nerve using a unique model that allows morphological separation between ...
Sall Alhousseynou - - 2010
Our previous study reported that mouse BNIP-21 (mBNIP-21) induces apoptosis through a mitochondria-dependent pathway. To map the functional domains of mBNIP-21, we performed mutational analyses and demonstrated that the BNIP-2 and Cdc42GAP homology (BCH) domain is required for apoptosis induction by mBNIP-21 targeting the mitochondria and inducing cytochrome c release. ...
Chen Qi - - 2010
The discovery of oncogene addiction in myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs) driven by the gain-of-function mutant Jak2V617F has attracted intense interest in targeted therapy for MPDs. In this report, we demonstrate that triptolide potently downregulated the transcription of Jak2 by inhibiting the activity of RNA polymerase. Triptolide inhibited the in vitro and ...
L?pez-Royuela Nuria - - 2010
Glucocorticoids are widely used in anti-myeloma therapy and their action is potentiated by rapamycin, a mTOR inhibitor. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects remain poorly characterized. We show here that dexamethasone (Dex)-induced apoptosis in MM.1S and OPM-2 cells is characterized by Bax and Bak conformational changes, DeltaPsi(m) loss, cytochrome ...
Goldsmith K C KC The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, 19104-4318, - - 2010
Bcl-2 family proteins regulate mitochondrial apoptosis downstream of diverse stressors. Cancer cells frequently deregulate Bcl-2 proteins leading to chemoresistance. We have optimized a platform for solid tumors in which Bcl-2 family resistance patterns are inferred. Functional mitochondria were isolated from neuroblastoma (NB) cell lines, exposed to distinct BH3-domain peptides, and ...
Kang R R Department of Pediatrics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, People's Republic of - - 2010
Bcl-2 proteins are over-expressed in many tumors and are critically important for cell survival. Their anti-apoptotic activities are determined by intracellular localization and post-translational modifications (such as phosphorylation). Here, we showed that WAVE1, a member of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein family, was over-expressed in blood cancer cell lines, and functioned ...
Oh Jung Hwa - - 2009
Kahweol, the coffee-specific diterpene, has been reported for its tumor cell growth inhibitory activity and anti-carcinogenic activity. The mechanism by which kahweol initiates apoptosis remains poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the effect of kahweol on the apoptotic pathway in U937 human promonocytic cells. We show that kahweol ...
Liu Xin-hua - - 2009
In the present study, we examined the ability of a chemically synthesized compound based on the structure of leonurine, a phytochemical component of Herba leonuri, to protect H9c2 rat ventricular cells from apoptosis induced by hypoxia and serum deprivation, as a model of ischemia. The results revealed a concentration-dependent increase ...
Chen Z X - - 2010
Bcl-2 has been shown to promote survival of cancer cells by maintaining a slight pro-oxidant state through elevated mitochondrial respiration during basal conditions. On oxidative stress, Bcl-2 moderates mitochondrial respiration through cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity to prevent an excessive buildup of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by-production from electron transport ...
Füllbeck Melanie - - 2009
Apoptosis, the programmed cell death, is a highly regulated process, necessary for normal development and homeostasis of the functions of organisms. The Bcl-2 inhibitors BH3I-1 and BH3I-2 were used as lead compounds to find possible Bcl-2 or Bcl-X(L) inhibitors by using computer-assisted screening with our in-house database, containing more than ...
Chen Shuang S Department of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, - - 2009
The Bcl-2 antagonist ABT-737 kills transformed cells in association with displacement of Bim from Bcl-2. The histone deactetylase (HDAC) inhibitor suberoyl bis-hydroxamic acid (SBHA) was employed to determine whether and by what mechanism ABT-737 might interact with agents that upregulate Bim. Expression profiling of BH3-only proteins indicated that SBHA increased ...
Li Chunrui - - 2009
The effects of two different histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, sodium butyrate (NaB) and trichostatin A (TSA),on apoptosis of human leukemic cells in vitro and the molecular mechanisms were investigated. The experiments were divided up 5 groups: control group, NaB group, TSA group, NaB+Z-VAD-FMK group and TSA+Z-VAD-FMK group. The apoptosis rate ...
Gagiannis Sarah S Department of Internal Medicine I and Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2009
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has a central role in the regulation of serum calcium and phosphate, whereas parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) has important developmental roles. In addition, PTHrP has been discovered as a causative agent of hypercalcemia of malignancy. PTHrP is also expressed in many tumors, and expression often correlates with ...
Zhu Changlian C Center for Brain Repair and Rehabilitation, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2010
Apoptosis-related mechanisms are important in the pathophysiology of hypoxic-ischemic injury in the neonatal brain. Caspases are the major executioners of apoptosis, but there are a number of upstream players that influence the cell death pathways. The Bcl-2 family proteins are important modulators of mitochondrial permeability, working either to promote or ...
Ohno Izumi I Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Departments of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, - - 2010
Rottlerin is a polyphenolic compound derived from Mallotus philipinensis. In the present study, we show that rottlerin decreased tumor size and stimulated apoptosis in an orthotopic model of pancreatic cancer with no effect on normal tissues in vivo. Rottlerin also induced apoptosis in pancreatic cancer (PaCa) cell lines by interacting ...
Erb Michael - - 2009
Laminin alpha2-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy, called MDC1A, is a rare, devastating genetic disease characterized by severe neonatal hypotonia ("floppy infant syndrome"), peripheral neuropathy, inability to stand or walk, respiratory distress, and premature death in early life. Transgenic overexpression of the apoptosis inhibitor protein BCL-2, or deletion of the proapoptotic Bax ...
Lee Moo-Seung - - 2009
Shiga toxins (Stxs), which are proteins expressed by the enteric pathogens Shigella dysenteriae serotype 1 and some serotypes of Escherichia coli, are potent protein synthesis inhibitors. Stx-producing organisms cause bloody diarrhea with the potential to progress to acute renal failure and central nervous system complications. Studies using animal models of ...
Nagata Yoshihiko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNA is a family of noncoding RNAs that exhibit tissue-specific or developmental stage-specific expression patterns and are associated with human diseases. MicroRNA-15a (miR-15a) is reported to induce cell apoptosis by negatively regulating the expression of Bcl-2, which suppresses the apoptotic processes. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Zhao Jing J Department of Medicine, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2009
Endothelial cells (EC) respond to mild injurious stimuli by upregulating anti-apoptotic gene expression to maintain endothelial integrity. EC dysfunction and apoptosis resulting from ischemia/reperfusion injury may contribute to chronic allograft rejection. We optimized conditions for lentiviral vector (LVV) transduction of rat aortic endothelial cells (RAEC) and investigated whether LVV delivery ...
Welch Christian - - 2009
The Bcl-2 family of proteins consists of both antiapoptotic and proapoptotic factors, which share sequence homology within conserved regions known as Bcl-2 homology domains. Interactions between Bcl-2 family members, as well as with other proteins, regulate apoptosis through control of mitochondrial membrane permeability and release of cytochrome c. Here we ...
Wang Baohua - - 2009
Propofol is a widely used intravenous anesthetic agent with antioxidant properties secondary to its phenol based chemical structure. Treatment with propofol has been found to attenuate oxidative stress and prevent ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat heart. Here, we report that propofol protects cardiac H9c2 cells from hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced injury by ...
Karmakar Surajit - - 2009
Neuroblastoma is the most common extracranial solid tumor in infants and young children. Current treatments are not always effective and new therapies are needed. We examined efficacy of combination of the small molecule Bcl-2 inhibitor HA14-1 (HA) and the dietary isoflavonoid apigenin (APG) in human malignant neuroblastoma cells. Dose-response studies ...
Dewson Grant - - 2009
Mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilisation (MOMP) is the point of no return in many forms of apoptotic cell death. The killing effect of MOMP is twofold; it both initiates a proteolytic cascade of pro-apoptotic enzymes and damages mitochondrial function. Accordingly, prevention of MOMP can rescue cells from death. It is clear ...
Park Soo Yeon - - 2010
To assess the dependence on age of the expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins in the human semitendinosus muscle, we measured the expression levels of several apoptosis-related genes, including apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), using RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and TUNEL assays. We found that the ...
Zhou YingJun - - 2009
PURPOSE: Lignans such as secoisolariciresinol diglucoside in flaxseed, are metabolizes to bioactive mammalian lignans of END and ENL. Because mammalian lignans have chemical structural similarity to the natural estrogen, they are thought to behave like selective estrogen receptor modulators and therefore have anticancer effect against hormone-related cancers. We isolated a ...
Higo Tobi - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The inflammation associated with calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal-induced arthritis arises from the activation of neutrophils with crystals in the synovial joint. Furthermore, constitutive neutrophil apoptosis is inhibited by this interaction with CPPD so that the lifetime of the cells and the duration of the inflammatory response are extended. ...
Navarro Alfons - - 2009
The behavior of classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is determined by both the intrinsic features of the tumor cells and the characteristics of the microenvironment, making the analysis of entire lymph nodes an effective approach to understanding the disease. We examined the influence of our previously reported 25-microRNA signature for cHL ...
Rudner Justine - - 2010
The cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor Celecoxib is a potent inducer of apoptosis in tumor cells. In most cellular systems Celecoxib induces apoptosis via an intrinsic, mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. We recently showed that in Bax-negative Jurkat cells expression of pro-apoptotic Bak is essential for Celecoxib-induced mitochondrial damage and apoptosis induction. Aim of the ...
Kassi E - - 2009
In this report we determine the ability of ursolic acid (UA) to induce apoptosis and to modulate glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and Activator Protein-1 (AP-1) in MCF-7 cells. The UA-induced apoptosis (53 microM), the PARP cleavage, and the decrease in Bcl-2 protein (53 microM) support the notion that UA induces apoptosis ...
Rayalam Srujana - - 2009
Xanthohumol (XN) and guggulsterone (GS) have each been shown to inhibit adipogenesis and induce apoptosis in adipocytes. In the present study effects of the combination of XN + GS on 3T3-L1 adipocyte apoptosis and adipogenesis were investigated. Mature adipocytes were treated with XN and GS individually and in combination. XN ...
Subramanian Manikandan - - 2009
Human macrophages express oestrogen receptors and are therefore competent to respond to the hormone present in their microenvironment, which is implicated in sexual dimorphism observed in several immune and autoimmune phenomena. An earlier study from this laboratory demonstrated 17beta-oestradiol (E2) induced apoptosis in macrophages derived from human peripheral blood monocytes ...
Del Vecchio Adriana - - 2009
Paracoccidioidomycosis presents a variety of clinical manifestations and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis can reach many tissues, most importantly the lungs. The ability of the pathogen to interact with host surface structures is essential to its virulence. The interaction between P. brasiliensis and epithelial cells has been studied, with particular emphasis on the ...
Lee Jane-Dar - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Apoptosis plays a critical role in various physiological processes. Varicocele is the most common cause of male infertility in adults. The dilated and thickened wall of the internal spermatic vein (ISV) in varicocele is considered similar to that in varicose veins. We investigated apoptotic protein expression in the ISV ...
Subramanian Manikandan - - 2009
Human macrophages express oestrogen receptors and are therefore competent to respond to the hormone present in their microenvironment, which is implicated in sexual dimorphism observed in several immune and autoimmune phenomena. An earlier study from this laboratory demonstrated 17beta-oestradiol (E2) induced apoptosis in macrophages derived from human peripheral blood monocytes ...
Sitorus Rita S - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological features and the expression of proteins involved in cell proliferation and the different pathways of apoptosis in retinoblastoma. Nineteen retinoblastoma patients were included, and mitotic index (MI) and apoptotic index (AI) were assessed. The expression of MIB-1, p53, caspase-3, Bcl-2, ...
Yuan Wenli - - 2009
It has been reported that phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1) plays an important protective role in hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced pheochromocytoma (PC) 12 cells death. However, most studies have used high doses of H2O2 and the downstream targets of PLC-gamma1 activation remain to be identified. The present study was designed to examine the ...
Pearce Alicia F - - 2009
Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) induces apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway. The mitochondrial pathway is regulated by the Bcl-2 family of proteins, which consists of both pro- and antiapoptotic members. To determine the relative importance of the multidomain proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bak and Bax, HeLa cells were transfected with Bak ...
Carrington Emma M - - 2009
Bcl-xL is an antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins and a potent regulator of cell death. We investigated the importance of Bcl-xL for beta-cells by deleting the Bcl-x gene specifically in beta-cells and analyzing their survival in vivo and in culture. Islets with beta-cells lacking the Bcl-x gene ...
Zhang Meihong - - 2010
Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1), a newly identified apoptosis inhibitor, has recently been found to be overexpressed in several human carcinomas and its specific down-regulation by RNA interference (RNAi) could lead to cell death. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of BI-1 in apoptosis-resistance and the underlying mechanisms ...
Tan Jun - - 2009
Quercetin, a widely distributed bioflavonoid, has been shown to induce growth inhibition in a variety of human cancer cells. However, the regulation of survivin and Bcl-2 on the quercetin-induced cell-growth inhibition and apoptosis in cancer cells remains unclear. In the present study, we report that quercetin can inhibit proliferation and ...
Tirapelli Luís Fernando - - 2009
To investigate the possible role of apoptosis on brief distensions of human saphenous veins at different pressures. Fresh isolated grafts of human saphenous vein were assigned as control or distended (D) for fifteen seconds at 100, 200 and 300 mmHg. The degree of apoptotic caspases 3, 8, 9 and anti-apoptotic ...
Kim Yeon-Gu - - 2009
Upon nutrient deprivation during culture, recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (rCHO) cells are subjected to two types of programmed cell death (PCD), apoptosis and autophagy. To investigate the effect of Bcl-x(L) overexpression on apoptosis and autophagy in rCHO cells, an erythropoietin (EPO)-producing rCHO cell line with regulated Bcl-x(L) overexpression (EPO-off-Bcl-x(L)) was ...
Ozören Nesrin - - 2009
Human BFK (BCL-2 family kin) is a novel pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family member specifically expressed in the gastrointestinal tract. BFK has the characteristic BH3 domain, which was shown to be essential for the apoptosis-inducing activity of pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family members. When overexpressed, BFK interacts with BCL-XL and BCL-W but not BCL-2 ...
Jayanthan Aarthi - - 2009
With currently available treatment, patients with refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) or those who relapse multiple times have an extremely poor prognosis. Therefore, new agents and novel therapeutic approaches are urgently needed. Anti-apoptotic proteins such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-x have been associated with the growth and survival of Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg cells ...
Hermanson David D Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2009
HA 14-1 is a small-molecule Bcl-2 antagonist that promotes apoptosis in malignant cells, but its mechanism of action is not well defined. We recently reported that HA 14-1 has a half-life of only 15 min in vitro, which led us to develop a stable analog of HA 14-1 (sHA 14-1). ...
Rubenstein Marvin - - 2010
Antisense oligonucleotides (oligos) have demonstrated their efficacy in inhibiting the growth of prostate and breast tumor cells. Previous studies employed first generation, phosphorothioated, cDNA oligos synthesized complimentary to mRNA encoding transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), the anti-apoptosis protein bcl-2, and the androgen receptor (AR). In an ...
Markopoulou Soultana - - 2009
Vanadium exerts a variety of biological effects, including antiproliferative responses through activation of the respective signaling pathways and the generation of reactive oxygen species. As epidermal cells are exposed to environmental insults, human keratinocytes (HaCaT) were used to investigate the mechanism of the antiproliferative effects of vanadyl(IV) sulfate (VOSO(4)). Treatment ...
Bardwell Philip D - - 2009
The Bcl-2 family of proteins plays a critical role in controlling immune responses by regulating the expansion and contraction of activated lymphocyte clones by apoptosis. ABT-737, which was originally developed for oncology, is a potent inhibitor of Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), and Bcl-w protein function. There is evidence that Bcl-2-associated dysregulation of ...
Mohan Nishant - - 2009
Neuroblastoma is a pediatric extracranial tumor and a major cause of death in children under age 2. Conventional therapy shows inefficacy in most cases and thus development of new therapeutic strategies is urgently needed. We explored the efficacy of combination of the small molecule Bcl-2 inhibitor HA14-1 (HA) and the ...
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