Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1292
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Kepp Oliver - - 2009
Bcl-2 family proteins including the pro-apoptotic BH3-only proteins are central regulators of apoptotic cell death. Here we show by a focused siRNA miniscreen that the synergistic action of the BH3-only proteins Bim and Bmf is required for apoptosis induced by infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ngo). While Bim and Bmf were ...
Weber S U - - 2009
Recent reports that hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) induced apoptosis in T-cell lines raised concern about a possible immunosuppressive effect of HBO2. Nucleosomes, DNA fragments wrapped around a histone core, have been observed in the circulation in diseases with increased cell death such as sepsis. Our aim was to investigate, whether HBO2 ...
Tansuwanwong Siwapong - - 2009
Millingtonia hortensis is a medicinal plant widely used in many Asian countries. An aqueous crude extract of this plant has been shown the apoptosis induction on RKO colon cancer cells. However, its mechanism remains unknown. To learn more about this plant extract, we partially purified the crude extract using Sephadex ...
Liu Hong - - 2009
Inhibition of the forkhead transcription factor, FOXO3a, can promote the transition from primordial to primary follicle and subsequent follicle development in mammalian ovaries. Stem cell factor (SCF) initiates anti-apoptotic signaling from its membrane receptor, c-kit, to Bcl-2 family members through PI3K/AKT in oocytes of primordial follicles. However, whether FOXO3a mediates ...
Abbott David R - - 2009
Overexpression of Bcl-2 protein occurs via both t(14;18)-dependent and independent mechanisms and contributes to the survival and chemoresistance of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. HA14-1 is a nonpeptidic organic small molecule, which has been shown to inhibit the interaction of Bcl-2 with Bax, thereby interfering with the antiapoptotic function of Bcl-2. In this ...
Lee Jeng-Woei - - 2009
Latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1) of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is closely associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and in this study we sought to determine whether the pro-apoptotic activity of prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is modulated by LMP-1 in NPC cells. We found that LMP-1 diminished the pro-apoptotic activity of Par-4 ...
Arisan Elif Damla - - 2010
Inhibition or downregulation of Bcl-2 represents a new therapeutic approach to by-pass chemoresistance in cancer cells. Therefore, we explored the potential of this approach in breast cancer cells. Cisplatin and paclitaxel induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in MCF-7 (drug-sensitive) and MDA-MB-231 (drug-insensitive) cells. Furthermore, when we transiently silenced Bcl-2, ...
Lee Jee Suk - - 2009
Bcl-2 protects tumor cells from the apoptotic effects of various antineoplastic agents. Increased expression of Bcl-2 has been associated with poor response to chemotherapy in various malignancies, including leukemia. Therefore, bypassing the resistance conferred by anti-apoptotic factors such as Bcl-2 represents an attractive therapeutic strategy against cancer cells, including leukemic ...
Mao Qing-Qiu - - 2009
Preclinical and clinical investigations have shown the involvement of dysregulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the pathogenesis of depression. Hypercortisolemia and the associated hippocampal atrophy were observed in patients with depression, which could be ameliorated by the treatment with antidepressants. Therefore, neuroprotection has been proposed to be one of the ...
Bairey O - - 2010
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells are characterized by defective apoptosis which leads to their extended survival. Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) was reported to induce cell death in many malignant cells, but the specific pathway of As(2)O(3)-induced apoptosis/necrosis remains controversial. Our aim was to determine if As(2)O(3) kills CLL cells through apoptosis ...
Wang Baiding - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Activins are members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily. Previous studies have shown that activin A may have a central role in regulating both apoptosis and proliferation. However, direct studies of recombination human activin A on human NSCLC A549 cells have not yet been reported. The purpose of ...
Guo Can-Jie - - 2009
To reveal the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile and related roles in rat HSCs during activation. miRNA expression profiling was analyzed in quiescent and in culture-activated HSCs by microarray. The differentially expressed miRNAs, as verified by RT-PCR, were subjected to gene ontology (GO) analysis. Furthermore, the effects of miR-16 and miR-15b ...
Ghiotto Fabio - - 2009
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common leukemia in human adults of the Western world and no definitive cure is yet available. The disease is characterized by accumulation of clonal malignant B lymphocytes resistant to apoptosis. Strategies to hit the anti-apoptotic drift of the Bcl-2 family in B-CLL ...
Xu Xiaoyuan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a Chinese traditional medicine, gambogic acid (GA), on human malignant melanoma (MM) A375 cells and to study the mechanism of apoptosis induced by GA. METHODS: A375 cells were treated with GA at different doses and for different times, and their proliferation and viability were ...
Jacobs Aaron T - - 2009
4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is a pro-apoptotic electrophile generated during the spontaneous decomposition of oxidized lipids. We have previously shown that HNE activates the transcription factor, heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), and promotes cytoprotective heat shock gene expression and that silencing HSF1 sensitizes the colon cancer cell line RKO to HNE-induced apoptosis. ...
Sung Kai-Feng - - 2009
Acinar cells in pancreatitis die through apoptosis and necrosis, the roles of which are different. The severity of experimental pancreatitis correlates directly with the extent of necrosis and inversely, with apoptosis. Apoptosis is mediated by the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol followed by caspase activation, whereas necrosis is ...
Waxman Aaron B - - 2009
Overexpression of IL-6 markedly diminishes hyperoxic lung injury, hyperoxia-induced cell death, and DNA fragmentation, and enhances Bcl-2 expression. We hypothesized that changes in the interactions between Bcl-2 family members play an important role in the IL-6-mediated protective response to oxidative stress. Consistent with this hypothesis, we found that IL-6 induced ...
Jeong Seung Hun - - 2009
The chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic properties associated with resveratrol offer promise for the design of new chemotherapeutic agents. However, resveratrol is not a potent cytotoxic compound when compared with other chemotherapeutic drugs. Thus, several studies were undertaken to obtain synthetic analogues of resveratrol with potent activity. The present study was undertaken ...
Beales Ian L P - - 2009
Barrett's oesophagus (BO) and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) are regarded as complications of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, although all the factors that contribute to the development of these lesions are unknown. Acid suppressive drugs are widely used for symptomatic therapy of reflux disease but may induce hypersecretion of gastrin peptides. Amidated gastrin ...
Stankiewicz A R - - 2009
Cellular stress eliminates irreversibly damaged cells by initiating the intrinsic death pathway. Cell stress is sensed by pro- and antiapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 protein family, which regulate the release of apoptogenic factors, such as cytochrome c, from mitochondria. Exposure of cells to hyperthermia results in the activation of the ...
Zaldivar Ver??nica - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Estrogens are recognized as acting as modulators of pituitary cell renewal, sensitizing cells to mitogenic and apoptotic signals, thus participating in anterior pituitary homeostasis during the estrous cycle. The balance of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family is known to regulate cell survival and apoptosis. AIMS: In ...
Chen Zhi Xiong - - 2009
Bcl-2 is recognized as an oncoprotein via its ability to impede death signaling by sequestrating pro-apoptotic proteins such as Bax and Bak as well as preserving mitochondrial outer membrane integrity. Recently, a growing body of evidence has evaluated the role of Bcl-2 in intracellular redox regulation and its downstream effects ...
Zerp Shuraila F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gossypol, a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound has been identified as a small molecule inhibitor of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins. It induces apoptosis in a wide range of tumor cell lines and enhances chemotherapy- and radiation-induced cytotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo. Bcl-2 and related proteins are important inhibitors ...
Pryczynicz Anna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor family members: EGF, EGFR and the c-erbB-2(HER-2/neu) are involved in the growth of pancreatic ductal carcinoma, its invasiveness and metastases. Similarly, proteins regulating apoptosis can influence the development of pancreatic cancer. The aim of our study was to assess the expressions of EGF, EGFR, c-erbB-2, Bax ...
Ling Yun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endostar is a novel recombinant human endostatin expressed and purified in Escherichia coli with the N-terminal modified. It has been shown that endostar inhibited the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) through the membrane surface receptor KDR/flt-1(VEGFR-2, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2) by exerting anti-angiogenesis effects. But ...
Keuling Angela M - - 2009
Malignant melanoma is resistant to almost all conventional forms of chemotherapy. Recent evidence suggests that anti-apoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family are overexpressed in melanoma and may contribute to melanoma's striking resistance to apoptosis. ABT-737, a small-molecule inhibitor of Bcl-2, Bcl-xl and Bcl-w, has demonstrated efficacy in several forms of ...
Ghoneum Mamdooh - - 2009
Several studies have examined the correlation between iron oxidation and H(2)O(2) degradation. The present study was carried out to examine the protective effects of MRN-100 against stress-induced apoptosis in murine splenic cells in vitro. MRN-100, or HydroFerrate fluid, is an iron-based beverage composed of bivalent and trivalent ferrates. Splenic lymphocytes ...
Qian Jun J Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville VA Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2009
Adenocarcinomas of the lung commonly show an increase in the activity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway, yet many are resistant to apoptosis induced by the inhibition of PI3K. We hypothesized that Bcl-xL would have a synergistic effect on the apoptotic response induced by inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway in ...
Altman Brian J - - 2009
Tissue homeostasis is controlled by the availability of growth factors, which sustain exogenous nutrient uptake and prevent apoptosis. Although autophagy can provide an alternate intracellular nutrient source to support essential basal metabolism of apoptosis-resistant growth factor-withdrawn cells, antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins can suppress autophagy in some settings. Thus, the role ...
Ray J - - 2009
Bcl-2 family members are important regulators of cell fate in normal organ development and in disease status. Pro- and anti-apoptotic members of this family function through a complex network of homo- and hetero-dimers to determine whether a cell lives or dies. Members of the Bcl-2 family are classically recognized for ...
Galindo Kathleen A - - 2009
Bcl-2 family members are pivotal regulators of programmed cell death (PCD). In mammals, pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members initiate early apoptotic signals by causing the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria, a step necessary for the initiation of the caspase cascade. Worms and flies do not show a requirement for ...
Jabbour A M - - 2009
Bcl-2 family members regulate apoptosis in response to cytokine withdrawal and a broad range of cytotoxic stimuli. Pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bax and Bak are essential for apoptosis triggered by interleukin-3 (IL-3) withdrawal in myeloid cells. The BH3-only protein Puma is critical for initiation of IL-3 withdrawal-induced apoptosis, because IL-3-deprived ...
Chipuk Jerry E - - 2008
Normal cellular lifespan is contingent upon preserving outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) integrity, as permeabilization promotes apoptosis. BCL-2 family proteins control mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP) by regulating the activation of the pro-apoptotic BCL-2 effector molecules, BAX and BAK. Sustainable cellular stress induces proteins (e.g., BID, BIM, and cytosolic p53) capable ...
Xiong Jian-Jun - - 2008
Redox factor-1 (Ref-1) is a multifunctional protein involved in DNA base excision repair (BER) and transcription factor modification. By the use of retrovirus-delivered shRNA, we effectively suppressed endogenous Ref-1 expression in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. Our results showed that downregulation of Ref-1 rendered cells more sensitive to H(2)O(2)-induced ...
Yu J - - 2008
PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis) is a Bcl-2 homology 3 (BH3)-only Bcl-2 family member and a critical mediator of p53-dependent and -independent apoptosis induced by a wide variety of stimuli, including genotoxic stress, deregulated oncogene expression, toxins, altered redox status, growth factor/cytokine withdrawal and infection. It serves as a ...
Piñon J D - - 2008
Among all BH3-only proteins known to date, most information is available on the biological role and function of Bim (Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death)/BOD (Bcl-2 related ovarian death agonist), whereas little is still known about its closest relative, Bcl-2 modifying factor (Bmf). Although Bim has been implicated in the ...
Li Xiaomei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4) is considered to be a tumor suppressor implicated in several human malignancies by tumor growth inhibition and apoptosis enhancement. In present study, the effects of ING4 on apoptosis and its mechanisms were investigated through the transduction of ING4 cDNA into lung adenocarcinoma cell line ...
Miller Leslie A - - 2009
The Bcl-2 family is important in modulating sensitivity to anticancer drugs in many cancers, including melanomas. The BH3 mimetic ABT-737 is a potent small molecule inhibitor of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2/Bcl-X(L)/Bcl-w. In this report, we examined whether ABT-737 is effective in killing melanoma cells in combination with the proteasome inhibitor ...
Mao Jianning - - 2008
Drak2 is a serine threonine kinase in the death-associated protein family. In this study, we investigated its role in free fatty acid (FFA)-induced islet apoptosis. Drak2 mRNA and protein were rapidly induced in islet beta-cells after FFA stimulation. Such Drak2 upregulation was accompanied by increased beta-cell apoptosis, which was inhibited ...
Reagan-Shaw Shannon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Selenium and Vitamin E Chemoprevention Trial (SELECT) is aimed at determining the usefulness of a combination of vitamin E and selenium for Prostate cancer (PCa) prevention in humans. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and mechanistic basis of this combination. METHODS: We determined the ...
Richardson Alan - - 2008
Conventional chemotherapy for cancer utilizes cytotoxic agents which elicit their therapeutic effect in part through the induction of apoptosis. In contrast, drugs which have been developed more recently and which are referred to as "targeted therapy" may exhibit less unwanted toxicity but in some cases these drugs are cytostatic. The ...
Santamaría Beatriz - - 2008
Conventional glucose-containing peritoneal dialysis solutions (PDS) with a high glucose degradation product content accelerate leukocyte apoptosis and impair peritoneal defense. Mononuclear cells are less sensitive than neutrophils to PDS-induced apoptosis, suggesting that they may express antiapoptotic molecules. Since apoptosis induced by PDS requires Bax, we explored the role of an ...
Onoue Satomi - - 2008
Oxidative stress, followed by the apoptotic death of pancreatic beta cells, is considered to be one of causative agents in the evolution of the type 2 diabetic state; therefore, the protection of beta cells can comprise an efficacious strategy for preventing type 2 diabetes. In the present study, RIN-m5F cells ...
Sahebgharani Mousa - - 2008
Opioid drugs are considered as important members of drugs of abuse. Opioid abusers are more likely to be infected which may be due to apoptotic effects of the drugs on immune cells. Furthermore, there are some reports on the apoptotic effect of morphine on neural cells. In the present study, ...
Liu Jie - - 2008
Shikonin derivatives, which are the active components of the medicinal plant Lithospermum erythrorhizon, exhibit many biological effects including apoptosis induction through undefined mechanisms. We recently discovered that orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 migrates from the nucleus to the mitochondria, where it binds to Bcl-2 to induce apoptosis. Here, we report that ...
Nakashima Takayuki - - 2008
Bcl-2 is an intracellular membrane protein that prevents cells from undergoing apoptosis in response to various cell-death signals. It negatively regulates mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization, which is responsible for the release of apoptogenic factors and the subsequent activation of caspases. A microbial metabolite, aranorosin, was identified as an inhibitor of ...
Porter John - - 2009
Anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protects cells from apoptosis by binding to pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family thereby playing a role in tumour survival in response to chemo- or radiation therapy. We describe a series of phenyl pyrazoles that have high affinity for Bcl-2 and rationalise the observed SAR by means of ...
Nemec Kathleen N - - 2008
A vast portion of human disease results when the process of apoptosis is defective. Disorders resulting from inappropriate cell death range from autoimmune and neurodegenerative conditions to heart disease. Conversely, prevention of apoptosis is the hallmark of cancer and confounds the efficacy of cancer therapeutics. In the search for optimal ...
Heath-Engel H M - - 2008
Apoptosis is essential for normal development and maintenance of homeostasis, and disruption of apoptotic pathways is associated with multiple disease states, including cancer. Although initially identified as central regulators of apoptosis at the level of mitochondria, an important role for BCL-2 proteins at the endoplasmic reticulum is now well established. ...
Wei Zelan - - 2009
The antipsychotic drug haloperidol is still used to treat psychosis and "agitation", often with devastating consequences, particularly in geriatric and pre-demented patients. Cytotoxicity induced by haloperidol has been associated with induction of Bcl-XS, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, as well as with modulation of the Akt pro-survival pathway. ...
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