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Results 451 - 500 of 1463
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Yao Yu Y Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, Medical School, Xi'an Jiaotong University/Key Laboratory of Environment and Genes Related to Diseases, Ministry of Education, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, - - 2009
To investigate the signaling pathways implicated in phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)-induced apoptosis of human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Inhibitory effects of PE on human hepatoma HepG2 cells were detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell cycle, apoptosis and mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsi m) were analyzed by flow cytometry. Immunocytochemical assay and Western blotting ...
Dai Haiming - - 2009
The release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, which leads to activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, is regulated by interactions of Bax and Bak with antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family members. The factors that regulate these interactions are, at the present time, incompletely understood. Recent studies showing preferences in binding between synthetic ...
Wang Ming-Yang - - 2009
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) expression is elevated in advanced breast cancer and promotes metastasis. Chemotherapy response is only transient in most metastatic diseases. In the present study, we examined whether CTGF expression could confer drug resistance in human breast cancer. In breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy, CTGF ...
Ciechomska I A - - 2009
The binding of Bcl-2 to Beclin-1 reduces Beclin-1's capacity to induce autophagy. Here, we have tested whether the interaction is reciprocated by loss of Bcl-2's anti-apoptotic function. We targeted Bcl-2 to mitochondria or endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and induced apoptosis using several apoptotic stimuli that initiate ER and/or mitochondrial signaling pathways ...
Cvejic D - - 2009
The aim of this study was to gain better insight into molecular changes which reflect disturbances in the balance between proliferation and apoptosis during progression of thyroid malignancy from papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) via clinically manifest papillary carcinoma (PTC) to anaplastic carcinoma (ATC). The apoptosis related molecules (Bcl-2, Bax) and proliferation ...
Lee Shin Hwa - - 2009
Anthocyanins are a class of flavonoids, widely spread throughout the plant kingdom, that exhibit important anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory actions as well as chemotherapeutic effects. However, little is known concerning the molecular mechanisms by which these activities are exerted. In this study, we investigated the anthocyanins isolated from Vitis coignetiae Pulliat ...
Cottet Sandra - - 2009
Mutations in humans are associated with several forms of inherited retinal dystrophies, such as Retinitis Pigmentosa which lead to retinal cell death and irreversible loss of vision. Genes involved in affected patients mainly encode proteins related to vision physiology including visual cycle and light-dependent phototransduction cascade. As reported in spontaneous ...
Hayun Rami - - 2009
B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells exist in patients as slowly accumulating resting as well as proliferating B cells. In this study, we examined whether Rapamycin and Curcumin, two naturally occurring compounds shown to have apoptotic effects, could selectively induce apoptosis in resting B-CLL cells. Mononuclear cells isolated from patients ...
Peck-Palmer Octavia M - - 2009
This study examined the fate of dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages (M Phi) in vivo in a murine model of sepsis. Wild-type, knockout, and transgenic mice were used to examine the role of Bcl-2 family members on the regulation of splenic DCs and M Phi survival. Bim knockout (Bim) mice ...
Batsi Christina - - 2009
2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME2) induces leukemia cells to undergo apoptosis in association with Bcl-2 inactivation but the mechanisms whereby Bcl-2 contributes to protection against programmed cell death in this context remain unclear. Here we showed that 2-ME2 inhibited the proliferation of Jurkat leukemia cells by markedly suppressing the levels of cyclins D3 ...
Wang Zhiwei Z Department of Pathology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, - - 2009
Overexpression of Bcl-2 family proteins has been found in a variety of aggressive human carcinomas, including pancreatic cancer, suggesting that specific agents targeting Bcl-2 family proteins would be valuable for pancreatic cancer therapy. We have previously reported that TW-37, a small-molecule inhibitor of Bcl-2 family proteins, inhibited cell growth and ...
Rossi Matteo - - 2009
Cancer cells evade death by over-producing specific proteins that inhibit apoptosis. One such group of proteins is the Bcl-2 family, of which Bcl-x(L) is an important member. This protein binds and inhibits BAK, another protein that promotes apoptosis. While the development of chemical inhibitors that block Bcl-x(L)-BAK association have been ...
Tsang Wing Pui - - 2010
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is a major type of green tea polyphenols and is known to have cancer prevention effect. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 19 to 25 nucleotides and are believed to be important in gene regulation. In the present study, the influence of EGCG on the expressions of miRNAs in human ...
Tianhu Zheng - - 2010
Malignant glioma is resistant to the induction of apoptosis, resulting in a subsequent failure of chemotherapy in clinical treatment strategies. Downregulation of bcl-2 and bcl-xl expression in glioblastoma cells can induce apoptosis. BH3-only proteins, which include Bmf, are essential initiators of stress-induced cell death and apoptosis. Whether PS-341 regulates expression ...
Chang Margaret - - 2009
Uptake by macrophages forms an important part of the mode of action of particulate adjuvants such as oil-in-water emulsions and alum. We have found previously that such adjuvants promote macrophage survival and suggested that this response may contribute to their efficacy. To explore this adjuvant activity further, we have investigated ...
Lu Qing - - 2009
We have previously shown that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 protected against main pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) apoptosis induced by serum deprivation and VEGF receptor blockade through a mechanism associated with ALK5-mediated Bcl-2 upregulation. In the current study, we investigated the effect of TGF-beta1 on pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell (PMVEC) ...
Kepp Oliver - - 2009
Bcl-2 family proteins including the pro-apoptotic BH3-only proteins are central regulators of apoptotic cell death. Here we show by a focused siRNA miniscreen that the synergistic action of the BH3-only proteins Bim and Bmf is required for apoptosis induced by infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ngo). While Bim and Bmf were ...
Weber S U - - 2009
Recent reports that hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) induced apoptosis in T-cell lines raised concern about a possible immunosuppressive effect of HBO2. Nucleosomes, DNA fragments wrapped around a histone core, have been observed in the circulation in diseases with increased cell death such as sepsis. Our aim was to investigate, whether HBO2 ...
Tansuwanwong Siwapong - - 2009
Millingtonia hortensis is a medicinal plant widely used in many Asian countries. An aqueous crude extract of this plant has been shown the apoptosis induction on RKO colon cancer cells. However, its mechanism remains unknown. To learn more about this plant extract, we partially purified the crude extract using Sephadex ...
Liu Hong - - 2009
Inhibition of the forkhead transcription factor, FOXO3a, can promote the transition from primordial to primary follicle and subsequent follicle development in mammalian ovaries. Stem cell factor (SCF) initiates anti-apoptotic signaling from its membrane receptor, c-kit, to Bcl-2 family members through PI3K/AKT in oocytes of primordial follicles. However, whether FOXO3a mediates ...
Abbott David R - - 2009
Overexpression of Bcl-2 protein occurs via both t(14;18)-dependent and independent mechanisms and contributes to the survival and chemoresistance of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. HA14-1 is a nonpeptidic organic small molecule, which has been shown to inhibit the interaction of Bcl-2 with Bax, thereby interfering with the antiapoptotic function of Bcl-2. In this ...
Lee Jeng-Woei - - 2009
Latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1) of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is closely associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and in this study we sought to determine whether the pro-apoptotic activity of prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is modulated by LMP-1 in NPC cells. We found that LMP-1 diminished the pro-apoptotic activity of Par-4 ...
Arisan Elif Damla - - 2010
Inhibition or downregulation of Bcl-2 represents a new therapeutic approach to by-pass chemoresistance in cancer cells. Therefore, we explored the potential of this approach in breast cancer cells. Cisplatin and paclitaxel induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in MCF-7 (drug-sensitive) and MDA-MB-231 (drug-insensitive) cells. Furthermore, when we transiently silenced Bcl-2, ...
Lee Jee Suk - - 2009
Bcl-2 protects tumor cells from the apoptotic effects of various antineoplastic agents. Increased expression of Bcl-2 has been associated with poor response to chemotherapy in various malignancies, including leukemia. Therefore, bypassing the resistance conferred by anti-apoptotic factors such as Bcl-2 represents an attractive therapeutic strategy against cancer cells, including leukemic ...
Mao Qing-Qiu - - 2009
Preclinical and clinical investigations have shown the involvement of dysregulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the pathogenesis of depression. Hypercortisolemia and the associated hippocampal atrophy were observed in patients with depression, which could be ameliorated by the treatment with antidepressants. Therefore, neuroprotection has been proposed to be one of the ...
Bairey O - - 2010
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells are characterized by defective apoptosis which leads to their extended survival. Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) was reported to induce cell death in many malignant cells, but the specific pathway of As(2)O(3)-induced apoptosis/necrosis remains controversial. Our aim was to determine if As(2)O(3) kills CLL cells through apoptosis ...
Wang Baiding - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Activins are members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily. Previous studies have shown that activin A may have a central role in regulating both apoptosis and proliferation. However, direct studies of recombination human activin A on human NSCLC A549 cells have not yet been reported. The purpose of ...
Guo Can-Jie - - 2009
To reveal the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile and related roles in rat HSCs during activation. miRNA expression profiling was analyzed in quiescent and in culture-activated HSCs by microarray. The differentially expressed miRNAs, as verified by RT-PCR, were subjected to gene ontology (GO) analysis. Furthermore, the effects of miR-16 and miR-15b ...
Ghiotto Fabio - - 2009
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common leukemia in human adults of the Western world and no definitive cure is yet available. The disease is characterized by accumulation of clonal malignant B lymphocytes resistant to apoptosis. Strategies to hit the anti-apoptotic drift of the Bcl-2 family in B-CLL ...
Xu Xiaoyuan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a Chinese traditional medicine, gambogic acid (GA), on human malignant melanoma (MM) A375 cells and to study the mechanism of apoptosis induced by GA. METHODS: A375 cells were treated with GA at different doses and for different times, and their proliferation and viability were ...
Jacobs Aaron T - - 2009
4-Hydroxynonenal (HNE) is a pro-apoptotic electrophile generated during the spontaneous decomposition of oxidized lipids. We have previously shown that HNE activates the transcription factor, heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), and promotes cytoprotective heat shock gene expression and that silencing HSF1 sensitizes the colon cancer cell line RKO to HNE-induced apoptosis. ...
Sung Kai-Feng - - 2009
Acinar cells in pancreatitis die through apoptosis and necrosis, the roles of which are different. The severity of experimental pancreatitis correlates directly with the extent of necrosis and inversely, with apoptosis. Apoptosis is mediated by the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol followed by caspase activation, whereas necrosis is ...
Waxman Aaron B - - 2009
Overexpression of IL-6 markedly diminishes hyperoxic lung injury, hyperoxia-induced cell death, and DNA fragmentation, and enhances Bcl-2 expression. We hypothesized that changes in the interactions between Bcl-2 family members play an important role in the IL-6-mediated protective response to oxidative stress. Consistent with this hypothesis, we found that IL-6 induced ...
Jeong Seung Hun - - 2009
The chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic properties associated with resveratrol offer promise for the design of new chemotherapeutic agents. However, resveratrol is not a potent cytotoxic compound when compared with other chemotherapeutic drugs. Thus, several studies were undertaken to obtain synthetic analogues of resveratrol with potent activity. The present study was undertaken ...
Beales Ian L P - - 2009
Barrett's oesophagus (BO) and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) are regarded as complications of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, although all the factors that contribute to the development of these lesions are unknown. Acid suppressive drugs are widely used for symptomatic therapy of reflux disease but may induce hypersecretion of gastrin peptides. Amidated gastrin ...
Stankiewicz A R - - 2009
Cellular stress eliminates irreversibly damaged cells by initiating the intrinsic death pathway. Cell stress is sensed by pro- and antiapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 protein family, which regulate the release of apoptogenic factors, such as cytochrome c, from mitochondria. Exposure of cells to hyperthermia results in the activation of the ...
Zaldivar Ver??nica - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Estrogens are recognized as acting as modulators of pituitary cell renewal, sensitizing cells to mitogenic and apoptotic signals, thus participating in anterior pituitary homeostasis during the estrous cycle. The balance of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family is known to regulate cell survival and apoptosis. AIMS: In ...
Chen Zhi Xiong - - 2009
Bcl-2 is recognized as an oncoprotein via its ability to impede death signaling by sequestrating pro-apoptotic proteins such as Bax and Bak as well as preserving mitochondrial outer membrane integrity. Recently, a growing body of evidence has evaluated the role of Bcl-2 in intracellular redox regulation and its downstream effects ...
Zerp Shuraila F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gossypol, a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound has been identified as a small molecule inhibitor of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins. It induces apoptosis in a wide range of tumor cell lines and enhances chemotherapy- and radiation-induced cytotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo. Bcl-2 and related proteins are important inhibitors ...
Pryczynicz Anna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor family members: EGF, EGFR and the c-erbB-2(HER-2/neu) are involved in the growth of pancreatic ductal carcinoma, its invasiveness and metastases. Similarly, proteins regulating apoptosis can influence the development of pancreatic cancer. The aim of our study was to assess the expressions of EGF, EGFR, c-erbB-2, Bax ...
Ling Yun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Endostar is a novel recombinant human endostatin expressed and purified in Escherichia coli with the N-terminal modified. It has been shown that endostar inhibited the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) through the membrane surface receptor KDR/flt-1(VEGFR-2, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2) by exerting anti-angiogenesis effects. But ...
Keuling Angela M - - 2009
Malignant melanoma is resistant to almost all conventional forms of chemotherapy. Recent evidence suggests that anti-apoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family are overexpressed in melanoma and may contribute to melanoma's striking resistance to apoptosis. ABT-737, a small-molecule inhibitor of Bcl-2, Bcl-xl and Bcl-w, has demonstrated efficacy in several forms of ...
Ghoneum Mamdooh - - 2009
Several studies have examined the correlation between iron oxidation and H(2)O(2) degradation. The present study was carried out to examine the protective effects of MRN-100 against stress-induced apoptosis in murine splenic cells in vitro. MRN-100, or HydroFerrate fluid, is an iron-based beverage composed of bivalent and trivalent ferrates. Splenic lymphocytes ...
Qian Jun J Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville VA Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2009
Adenocarcinomas of the lung commonly show an increase in the activity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway, yet many are resistant to apoptosis induced by the inhibition of PI3K. We hypothesized that Bcl-xL would have a synergistic effect on the apoptotic response induced by inhibition of the PI3K/Akt pathway in ...
Altman Brian J BJ Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2009
Tissue homeostasis is controlled by the availability of growth factors, which sustain exogenous nutrient uptake and prevent apoptosis. Although autophagy can provide an alternate intracellular nutrient source to support essential basal metabolism of apoptosis-resistant growth factor-withdrawn cells, antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins can suppress autophagy in some settings. Thus, the role ...
Ray J - - 2009
Bcl-2 family members are important regulators of cell fate in normal organ development and in disease status. Pro- and anti-apoptotic members of this family function through a complex network of homo- and hetero-dimers to determine whether a cell lives or dies. Members of the Bcl-2 family are classically recognized for ...
Galindo Kathleen A KA Department of Cell Biology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390-9039, - - 2009
Bcl-2 family members are pivotal regulators of programmed cell death (PCD). In mammals, pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members initiate early apoptotic signals by causing the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria, a step necessary for the initiation of the caspase cascade. Worms and flies do not show a requirement for ...
Chipuk Jerry E - - 2008
Normal cellular lifespan is contingent upon preserving outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) integrity, as permeabilization promotes apoptosis. BCL-2 family proteins control mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP) by regulating the activation of the pro-apoptotic BCL-2 effector molecules, BAX and BAK. Sustainable cellular stress induces proteins (e.g., BID, BIM, and cytosolic p53) capable ...
Jabbour A M AM Children's Cancer Centre, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. - - 2009
Bcl-2 family members regulate apoptosis in response to cytokine withdrawal and a broad range of cytotoxic stimuli. Pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bax and Bak are essential for apoptosis triggered by interleukin-3 (IL-3) withdrawal in myeloid cells. The BH3-only protein Puma is critical for initiation of IL-3 withdrawal-induced apoptosis, because IL-3-deprived ...
Xiong Jian-Jun - - 2008
Redox factor-1 (Ref-1) is a multifunctional protein involved in DNA base excision repair (BER) and transcription factor modification. By the use of retrovirus-delivered shRNA, we effectively suppressed endogenous Ref-1 expression in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. Our results showed that downregulation of Ref-1 rendered cells more sensitive to H(2)O(2)-induced ...
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