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Results 451 - 500 of 1262
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Kratz E - - 2006
Members of the Bcl-2 protein family control the intrinsic apoptosis pathway. To evaluate the importance of this family in vertebrate development, we investigated it in the zebrafish (Danio rerio). We found that the zebrafish genome encodes structural and functional homologs of most mammalian Bcl-2 family members, including multi-Bcl-2-homology (BH) domain ...
Becattini Barbara - - 2006
Bcl-2 family proteins play a crucial role in tissue homeostasis and apoptosis (programmed cell death). Bid is a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, promoting cell death when activated by caspase-8. Following an NMR-based approach (structure-activity relationships by interligand NOE) we were able to identify two chemical fragments that bind ...
Bauer Anette - - 2006
Apoptosis of activated T cells is critical for the termination of immune responses. Here we show that adjuvant-stimulated dendritic cells secrete cytokines that prime activated T cells for survival and analyze the roles of the NF-kappaB regulator Bcl-3 and the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bim and Puma. Bcl-3 overexpression increased ...
Thomson Susan J - - 2006
Isothiocyanates are a class of naturally occurring chemopreventive agents known to be effective at triggering apoptosis. In this study, we show that whereas overexpression of the oncoprotein Bcl-2 renders Jurkat T-lymphoma cells resistant to a range of cytotoxic agents, phenethyl isothiocyanate is able to overcome the inhibitory action of Bcl-2 ...
Pardo Olivier E - - 2006
Patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) die because of chemoresistance. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) increases the expression of antiapoptotic proteins, XIAP and Bcl-X(L), and triggers chemoresistance in SCLC cells. Here we show that these effects are mediated through the formation of a specific multiprotein complex comprising B-Raf, PKCepsilon and ...
Tehranian Roya - - 2006
Increasing evidence suggests that apoptosis is a contributing factor to neuronal cell death in traumatic brain injury (TBI). There is increased expression, cleavage and activation of caspases as well as other proteins known to regulate apoptosis in neurons after TBI. These proteins include the proto-oncogene Bcl-2 which belongs to a ...
Alves Nuno L - - 2006
Throughout lymphocyte development, cellular persistence and expansion are tightly regulated by survival and apoptosis. Within the Bcl-2 family, distinct apoptogenic BH3-only members like Bid, Bim, and Puma appear to function in specific cell death pathways. We found that naive human T cells after mitogenic activation, apart from expected protective Bcl-2 ...
Malissein E - - 2006
The activity of Bad, a pro-apoptotic protein, is regulated by reversible phosphorylation. Moreover, sequestration of Bad within subcellular compartments may be a new mechanism of apoptosis regulation. In this study, we report that Bad interacts with 14-3-3 protein in WEHI-231 immature B cells. This association is disrupted following BCR stimulation ...
Joyner David E - - 2006
Surgical resection coupled with adjuvant radiotherapy and/or doxorubicin based chemotherapy are the mainstays of synovial sarcoma (SS) treatment. Although effective as a SS adjuvant, the proposed mechanism of action of doxorubicin remains controversial. Current opinion supports DNA damage-induced apoptosis. This in vitro study used cDNA gene expression profiling to investigate ...
Yamanaka Kazuki - - 2006
To determine whether a specifically designed bispecific (Bcl-2/Bcl-xL) antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) induces apoptosis and enhances chemosensitivity in human prostate cancer LNCaP cells, as Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL are both anti-apoptotic genes associated with treatment resistance and tumour progression in many malignancies, including prostate cancer. Inhibition of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL expression by ...
Jabbour Anissa M - - 2006
Although the anti-apoptotic activity of Bcl-2 has been extensively studied, its mode of action is still incompletely understood. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, 131 of 1090 somatic cells undergo programmed cell death during development. Transgenic expression of human Bcl-2 reduced cell death during nematode development, and partially complemented mutation of ...
Dumay A - - 2006
In order to analyse the relationships between regulation of apoptosis and homologous recombination (HR), we overexpressed proapoptotic Bax or only-BH3 Bid proteins or antiapoptotic Bcl-2 or Bcl-XL, in hamster CHO cells or in SV40-transformed human fibroblasts. We measured HR induced by gamma-rays, UVC or a specific double-strand cleavage targeted in ...
Chiou Shih-Hwa - - 2006
1. Moclobemide (MB) is an antidepressant drug that selectively and reversibly inhibits monoamine oxidase-A. Recent studies have revealed that antidepressant drugs possess the characters of potent growth-promoting factors for the development of neurogenesis and improve the survival rate of serotonin (5-hydroxytrytamine; 5-HT) neurons. However, whether MB comprises neuroprotection effects or ...
Narkar Madhura - - 2006
Phase-dependent apoptotic changes in the human endometrium during an ovarian cycle imply a potential role of steroids in the regulation of apoptosis. The present study was undertaken to determine the direct role of hormones in endometrial apoptosis in marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), a primate species which shows similarity to humans in ...
Lin Hui-Li - - 2006
In vitro folate deficiency is associated with S phase accumulation and apoptosis in various cell types. To investigate the role of p53 and two apoptosis-related molecules, bcl-2 and Fas antigen (Apo-1, CD95), in the mechanism whereby folate-deficient lymphocytes accumulate and undergo apoptosis in the S phase, normal human peripheral blood ...
Sasaki Shin - - 2006
Exogenous overexpression of hRFI, originally isolated in our laboratory, inhibits not only death receptor-mediated apoptosis but also the mitochondrial apoptosis induced by several chemotherapeutic agents including 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Recently, it has become clear that hRFI targets and degradates caspase-8 and -10 in death receptor-mediated apoptosis by E3 ubiquitin activity in ...
Wang Jing - - 2006
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) exerts anti-apoptotic effect during early stage of infection, which provides HCMV time for propagation. We investigated pathways mediating the resistance to H(2)O(2)-induced cell death - a self-defense mechanism to remove infected cells. We found that human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) infected with VHL/E strain of HCMV during ...
Ming Lihua L Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, - - 2006
PUMA is a BH3-only Bcl-2 family protein that plays an essential role in DNA damage-induced apoptosis. PUMA interacts with anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) and is dependent on Bax to induce apoptosis. In this study, we investigated how the interactions of PUMA with the antiapoptotic proteins coordinate with Bax to initiate ...
Ryningen Anita - - 2006
Spontaneous in vitro apoptosis reflects a true biological heterogeneity between patients which has to be considered when in vitro models are used to study regulation of apoptosis in native human AML cells. Even though the balance between pro- and anti-apoptotic signaling seems to have a prognostic impact in AML, the ...
Han Y - - 2006
N-acetylphytosphingosine (NAPS), a sphingolipid derivative, is one of the well-known signal molecules that mediates various cellular functions, including cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. In this study, we demonstrated that NAPS induces apoptosis of Jurkat cells by activating Bak, but not Bax, which are both members of a proapoptotic subfamily of ...
Kadota Jun-ichi - - 2006
Diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) is a distinctive form of small airway disease, which is characterized by chronic inflammation with lymphocyte infiltration around bronchioles. The aim of this study was to evaluate the importance of factors related to apoptosis in peribronchiolar lymphocytes of DPB. We employed immunohistochemical methods for the localization of ...
Kolettas Evangelos - - 2006
Rosmarinic acid (RosA), frequently found as a secondary metabolite in herbs and medicinal plants, has exhibited antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. RosA was shown to inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of Jurkat T cells but the mechanism of action of RosA in apoptosis remains elusive. RosA inhibited the proliferation of ...
Jung Tae Woo - - 2006
1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), an inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I, has been widely used as a neurotoxin because it elicits a severe Parkinson's disease-like syndrome characterized by elevation of intracellular reactive oxygen species level and apoptotic death. Adiponectin, secreted from adipose tissue, mediates systemic insulin sensitivity with liver and muscle as ...
Nitta Takeshi - - 2006
The IAN (immune-associated nucleotide-binding protein) family is a family of functionally uncharacterized GTP-binding proteins expressed in vertebrate immune cells and in plant cells during antibacterial responses. Here we show that all eight IAN family genes encoded in a single cluster of mouse genome are predominantly expressed in lymphocytes, and that ...
Bu S Z - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: 2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME2), a natural endogenous product of estradiol (E2) metabolism, has been shown to be a selective apoptotic agent for cancer cells but not for normal cells. In this study, we determined that 2ME2 counteracts E2-stimulated cell growth and induces apoptosis in ovarian carcinoma cells. In addition, we demonstrate ...
Zhou Yi-jun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on vascular endothelial cells apoptosis induced by advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and its possible mechanism. METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in vitro and intervened by different concentrations of AGEs and HGF. The cell inhibitory rates ...
Bacher Nicole - - 2006
Natural products are still an untapped source of promising lead compounds for the generation of antineoplastic drugs. Here, we investigated for the first time the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of highly purified oxindole alkaloids, namely isopteropodine (A1), pteropodine (A2), isomitraphylline (A3), uncarine F (A4) and mitraphylline (A5) obtained from Uncaria ...
Lee Hayyoung - - 2006
Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa-interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) is a mitochondrial pro-apoptotic protein that has a single Bcl-2 homology 3 (BH3) domain and a COOH-terminal transmembrane (TM) domain. Al-though it belongs to the Bcl-2 family and can hetero-dimerize with Bcl-2, its pro-apoptotic activity is distinct from those of other members of ...
Gu Y - - 2006
Vav1 is an hematopoietic-specific Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor coupling tyrosine kinase receptors and Rac GTPases, and has been implicated in transformation of fibroblasts and pancreas. To determine the biologic effect and oncogenic potential of Vav1 in hematopoietic lineages, we stably express oncogenic mutant of Vav1 in primary bone marrow ...
Yang Chonglin - - 2006
Bcl-2 family proteins include anti- and proapoptotic factors that play important roles in regulating apoptosis in diverse species. Identification of compounds that can modulate the activities of Bcl-2 family proteins will facilitate development of drugs for treatment of apoptosis-related human diseases. We used an in vitro selection method named systematic ...
Derka S - - 2006
Markers of cell proliferation (Ki-67 antigen) and apoptosis (Bax, Bcl-2) were studied in an experimental system of induced oral carcinogenesis in Syrian golden hamsters. Thirty-seven animals were divided into one control group and three experimental groups, which were treated with a carcinogen and sacrificed at 10, 14 and 19 weeks ...
Verga Falzacappa Cecilia - - 2006
3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) is essential for the growth and the regulation of metabolic functions, moreover, the growth-stimulatory effect of T3 has largely been demonstrated and the pathways via which T3 promotes cell growth have been recently investigated. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is due to the destruction of beta-cells, which occurs even ...
Bartholomeusz Geoffrey - - 2006
The anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family, such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL, play a central role in preventing the induction of apoptosis via the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. It has been previously shown that induction of apoptosis by the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member Bok is not antagonized by either Bcl-2 or ...
Wiren Kristine M - - 2006
Both the number and the activity of osteoblasts are critical for normal bone growth and maintenance. Although a potential role for estrogen in protection of bone mass through inhibition of osteoblast apoptosis has been proposed, a function for androgen is much less clear. The aim of this study was to ...
Guo Peng - - 2006
After N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) activity was down-regulated by the transfection of its antisense cDNA(GnTV-AS), apoptosis of H7721 cells was appeared and the apoptosis induced by 80 microM all-transretinoic acid (ATRA) was facilitated, while ATRA itself could not induce apparent apoptosis in mock cells transfected with the vector. In the study ...
Brown, Kristin Kate
The oncogenic protein Bcl-2 is overexpressed in many cancers and prevents cells &#13;from undergoing apoptosis in response to traditional chemotherapeutic agents. Recent &#13;research has focussed on the development of novel agents that can disrupt the &#13;function of Bcl-2 and trigger apoptosis in cancer cells. The isothiocyanates are a class &#13;of ...
Winiarska A - - 2006
Pathogenetic mechanisms in androgenetic alopecia are not yet fully understood; however, it is commonly accepted that androgens like testosterone (T) and 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5alpha-DHT) inhibit hair follicle activity with early induction of the catagen. Thus, we investigated the influence of T and 5alpha-DHT on proliferation, cell death and bcl-2/bax expression in ...
Heyde Christoph-E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vertebral fractures resulting from high energy trauma often comprise the risk of posttraumatic degenerative changes in the affected intervertebral discs (IVD). Particularly in conservatively treated patients, or in cases after implant removal of an exclusively posterior stabilization, consecutive disc degeneration and the associated functional losing of the spinal segment ...
Sri Balasubashini M - - 2006
The present study is an attempt to evaluate the antiproliferative potential of peptide (7.6 kDa) from lionfish (Pterios volitans) venom on cultured HEp2 and HeLa cells. Different dose of purified peptide (1, 2 and 4 microg/ml) at different time points (12, 24 and 36 hrs) were tested for antiproliferative index ...
Sourdeval Matthieu - - 2006
Doxycycline (DOX), a synthetic tetracycline, may have potential utility in the management of cancers and in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases due to its role in growth, invasion and metastasis of many tumors, on cell proliferation and as inducer of apoptosis. Some studies established its role in the treatment ...
Tichý Ales - - 2006
Programmed cell death, apoptosis, plays an integral role in a variety of biological events, e.g. morphogenesis, removal of unwanted or harmful cells, tissue homeostasis etc. Members of the Bcl-2 family have been described as the key players in the regulation of the apoptotic process. This family consists of proteins that ...
Koliousi E - - 2006
bcl-2 is a proto-oncogene with a regulatory role in many conditions due to its marked inhibitory action on apoptosis. Reports regarding the effect of hemodialysis (HD) on apoptosis of mononuclear cells and in association with bcl-2 expression in particular, are controversial. The aim of the present study was to examine ...
Fiebig Aline A - - 2006
Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL are anti-apoptotic paralogues that inhibit apoptosis elicited by a wide variety of stimuli, and play critical roles in cancer development and resistance to treatment. Many clinical studies have indicated that expression of these anti-apoptotic proteins in tumours is associated with poor prognosis. It has therefore been assumed ...
Kleschyov Andrei L - - 2006
Cells expressing the cytokine-inducible NO synthase are known to trigger apoptosis in neighboring cells. Paramagnetic dinitrosyl nonheme iron complexes (DNIC) were found in tumor tissue about 40 years ago; however, the role of these NO(+)-bearing species is not completely understood. In the human Jurkat leukemia cell line, the application of ...
Bagci E Z - - 2006
We propose a mathematical model for mitochondria-dependent apoptosis, in which kinetic cooperativity in formation of the apoptosome is a key element ensuring bistability. We examine the role of Bax and Bcl-2 synthesis and degradation rates, as well as the number of mitochondrial permeability transition pores (MPTPs), on the cell response ...
Jung Tae Woo - - 2006
Acetaldehyde, an inhibitor of mitochondrial function, has been widely used as a neurotoxin because it elicits a severe Parkinson's disease-like syndrome with elevation of the intracellular reactive oxygen species level and apoptosis. Rosiglitazone, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist, has been known to show various non-hypoglycemic effects, including anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, and ...
Takada N - - 2005
Bax and Bcl-XL are key regulators of apoptosis in mammals. Here we report the functional characterization of two Bcl-2 homologues, ciBax and ciBcl-XL, in a basal invertebrate-chordate ascidian Ciona intestinalis. CiBax is a Ciona homologue of the BH1-3 pro-apoptotic protein Bax, whereas ciBcl-XL is a Bcl-XL-like anti-apoptotic protein. Molecular modeling ...
Woo K J - - 2005
Aberrant overexpression of antiapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 protein family contributes to resistance to anticancer therapeutic drugs. Thus, this protein represent attractive target for novel anticancer agents. In the present study, we determined the effect of the anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 on caspase-3 activation, PLC-gamma1 degradation and Akt activation during the ...
Ray S - - 2005
Overexpression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins may play an important role in the aggressive behavior of prostate cancer cells and their resistance to therapy. The Bcl-2 homology 3 domain (BH3) is a uniquely important functional element within the pro-apoptotic class of the Bcl-2-related proteins, mediating their ability to dimerize with ...
López-Diazguerrero Norma E - - 2006
Replicative senescence is a cellular response to stress that has been postulated to serve as a tumor suppression mechanism and a contributor to aging. Numerous experimental studies have demonstrated that an apparently identical senescent state can also be prematurely induced in vitro in different cell types following sublethal oxidative stress ...
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