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Results 451 - 500 of 1599
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Santidrián Antonio F - - 2010
5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside or acadesine (AICAR) induces apoptosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells. A clinical study of AICAR is currently being performed in patients with this disease. Here, we have analyzed the mechanisms involved in AICAR-induced apoptosis in CLL cells in which it activates its only well-known molecular target, adenosine ...
Zhang Hai-Tao HT Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Guangdong Medical College, Zhanjiang 524023, Guangdong Province, China. - - 2010
To investigate the mechanism by which galangin, a polyphenolic compound derived from medicinal herbs, induces apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay was used to measure cell viability. Apoptosis was evaluated by in situ uptake of propidium iodide and Hoechst 33258 and was then detected by fluorescence ...
Galmiche Antoine - - 2010
Proteins of the BCL2 family are key regulators of apoptosis. Their expression levels are frequently altered in cancers, enabling tumor cells to survive. To gain insight into the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we performed a comprehensive survey of the expression of the members of the BCL2 family in samples ...
Luna-López Armando - - 2010
Hormesis is the process whereby exposure to a low dose of a chemical agent induces an adaptive effect on the cell or organism. This response evokes the expression of cytoprotective and antioxidant proteins, allowing pro-oxidants to emerge as important hormetic agents. The antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 is known to protect cells ...
Shi Lei - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate protein expression by cleaving or repressing the translation of target mRNAs. In mammal animals, their function mainly represses the target mRNAs transcripts via imperfectly complementary to the 3'UTR of target mRNAs. Several miRNAs have been recently reported to be involved in ...
Stewart Michelle L ML Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2010
The development of selective inhibitors for discrete anti-apoptotic BCL-2 family proteins implicated in pathologic cell survival remains a formidable but pressing challenge. Such precisely tailored compounds would serve as molecular probes and targeted therapies to study and treat human diseases driven by specific anti-apoptotic blockades. In particular, MCL-1 has emerged ...
Sirotkin Alexander V - - 2010
The aim of our study was to examine the influence of 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (IBMX), an inhibitor of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) phosphodiesterases on rabbit reproductive system. The ovarian cycle and ovulation of control rabbits were induced by gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) or equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) ...
Gallogly Molly M MM Department of Pharmacology, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4965, - - 2010
Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is a well-established contributor to irreversible injury following myocardial infarction (MI). Increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis is associated also with aging in animal models, exacerbated by MI; however, mechanisms for this increased sensitivity to oxidative stress are unknown. Protein mixed-disulfide formation with glutathione (protein glutathionylation) is known to change the ...
Thomas Luke W - - 2010
Apoptosis, an essential and basic biological phenomenon, is regulated in a complex manner by a multitude of factors. Myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1), an anti-apoptotic member of the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) family of apoptosis-regulating proteins, exemplifies a number of the mechanisms by which a protein's contribution to cell fate ...
Wu Yinyuan - - 2010
Bax, a member of Bcl-2 family, plays an essential role in apoptotic pathways induced by a number of apoptotic stimulus. In a search for new potential binding partners of Bax, we identified the receptor for activated C-kinase 1 (RACK1) by a yeast two-hybrid assay. We demonstrated that RACK1 interacts with ...
Wu Jing - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of apoptosis induced by {2-[(3-Carboxy-1-oxopropyl) amino]-2-deoxy-D: -Glucose} (COPADG) in the esophageal cancer cell line Eca-109 and to establish a relationship between the rate of apoptosis and Fas and Bcl-2 protein expression. Eca-109 cells were cultured under standard condition. Cell ...
Carrington Emma M - - 2010
Death by apoptosis shapes tissue homeostasis. Apoptotic mechanisms are so universal that harnessing them for tailored immune intervention would seem challenging; however, the range and different expression levels of pro- and anti-apoptotic molecules among tissues offer hope that targeting only a subset of such molecules may be therapeutically useful. We ...
Zhang Zhichao - - 2011
Broad spectrum Bcl-2 small molecule inhibitors act as BH3 mimetics are effective antitumor agents. Herein, we have identified S1, a previously discovered small molecule Bcl-2 inhibitor, as the first authentic BH3 mimetic as well as a dual, nanomolar inhibitor of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 (K(i) = 310 nM and 58 nM, ...
Mukherjee Prasenjit - - 2010
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, forms an important part of the cellular regulation machinery. The Bcl-2 protein family, comprising of proapoptotic and antiapoptotic members, forms an important part of the cells internal apoptotic pathway. Overexpression of the antiapoptotic members of the family in a number of cancer cell lines renders ...
Lasi Margherita - - 2010
The fresh water polyp Hydra belongs to the phylum Cnidaria, which diverged from the metazoan lineage before the appearance of bilaterians. In order to understand the evolution of apoptosis in metazoans, we have begun to elucidate the molecular cell death machinery in this model organism. Based on ESTs and the ...
Cui Wen-jing WJ Department of Biochemistry, the Key Laboratory of Bioactive Materials, Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, - - 2010
To investigate whether myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) contributed to the high proliferative ability of breast cancer cells. Soft agar colony formation on the MCF-7 and LM-MCF-7 cell lines was determined. The cell cycles of MCF-7 and LM-MCF-7 were detected using flow cytometry analysis. Western blot analysis was performed to ...
Pongrakhananon Varisa - - 2010
Anoikis, an apoptosis triggered by loss of cell anchorage, has been shown to be a principal mechanism of inhibition of tumor metastasis. Recently, anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and Cav-1 proteins have been demonstrated to be highly associated with tumor metastasis and apoptosis resistance. Curcumin, a major active component of turmeric, Curcuma longa, ...
Li Guang-Yao - - 2010
This study was designed to investigate the effect and molecular mechanisms of Haishengsu (HSS), a protein extract from a shellfish Tegillarca granosaL., on a drug resistant leukemia cell line. Cultured K562/Adriamycin (ADM) cells were treated with HSS at 10, 20 and 40 microg/mL, respectively. The apoptosis and expression of p-glycoprotein ...
Gurzov Esteban N - - 2010
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder characterized by chronic inflammation and pancreatic beta-cell loss. Here, we demonstrate that the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta, combined with interferon-gamma, induces the expression of the Bcl-2 homology 3 (BH3)-only activator PUMA (p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis) in beta-cells. Transcriptional activation of PUMA is regulated ...
Lee Shin-Hee - - 2010
Lactoferrin (Lf) has been shown to control the proliferation of a variety of mammalian cells. Recently, we reported that human Lf induces apoptosis via a c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK)-associated Bcl-2 pathway that stimulates programmed cell death. In order to gain insight into the mechanism underlying Lf-triggered apoptotic features, we attempted ...
Li Zhongdong - - 2010
K562 cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) to determine the expression of Krüppel-like factor (KLF) 4. A full-length complementary DNA or an anti-sense oligonucleotide of KLF4 was transfected into cells, and expressions of B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (bcl-2) and bcl-2-associated X (bax) proteins were analyzed. The ...
Colié Sandra - - 2010
By controlling sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) catabolism, S1P lyase (SPL) represents an undeniable candidate as potential regulator of a cancer cell's fate in response to stress. Our recent study reveals that complete loss of SPL activity leads to upregulation of the anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL and consequently protects against apoptosis ...
Kernt Marcus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cataract is one of the most prevalent eye disease and a major cause for legal blindness in the world. Beside others, cumulative light-exposure and apoptotic cell death are significantly associated with cataract development. In contrast, supplementation with antioxidants has been suggested to prevent premature cataractogenesis. This study investigates possible ...
Maloyan Alina A Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2010
Transgenic mice with cardiac specific overexpression of mutated alphaB-crystallin (CryAB(R120G)) display Desmin-related myopathy (DRM) with dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Our previous studies showed the presence of progressive mitochondrial abnormalities and activation of apoptotic cell death in CryAB(R120G) transgenic hearts. However, the role of mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in the ...
Salerni Bethany L BL Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Rubin Building Level 6, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, NH 03756, - - 2010
Chemotherapeutic agents modify intracellular signaling that culminates in the inhibition of Bcl-2 family members and initiates apoptosis. Inhibition of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase by PD98059 dramatically accelerates vinblastine-mediated apoptosis in ML-1 leukemia with cells dying in 4 hours from all phases of the cell cycle. Inhibition of protein synthesis by ...
Nikolic Ivana - - 2010
Proteins of the BCL-2 family are important regulators of apoptosis. The BCL-2 family includes three main subgroups: the anti-apoptotic group, such as BCL-2, BCL-XL, BCL-W, and MCL-1; multi-domain pro-apoptotic BAX, BAK; and pro-apoptotic "BH3-only" BIK, PUMA, NOXA, BID, BAD, and SPIKE. SPIKE, a rare pro-apoptotic protein, is highly conserved throughout ...
Zelazowska-Rutkowska Beata - - 2010
Evaluation of lymphocyte homeostasis within the chronically inflamed adenoid, closely related to the functioning of the immune system, may have a role in qualifying children for adenoidectomy. Apoptosis is a major process maintaining balance between tonsillar lymphocytes. The Fas receptor and Bcl-2 protein family which show pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic actions ...
Chang Cheng - - 2011
Many lines of evidence have shown that Chinese medicine contains many chemical compounds with anticancer effects. Therefore, we tested whether the active ingredients of blister beetles have a therapeutic effect on hepatoma. The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitive effects of norcantharidin which is extracted from blister ...
Guo Linlang - - 2010
Epithelial and endothelial tyrosine kinase (Etk), also known as Bmx (bone marrow X kinase) plays an important role in apoptosis of epithelial cells. The goal of this study was to investigate whether Etk is involved in apoptosis of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells and correlated with the expression levels ...
Guti?rrez-Uzquiza Alvaro - - 2010
We present here evidences supporting a negative regulation of p38alpha MAPK activity by C3G in MEFs triggered by stress, which can mediate cell death or survival depending on the stimuli. Upon serum deprivation, C3G induces survival through inhibition of p38alpha activation, which mediates apoptosis. In contrast, in response to H2O2, ...
George Joseph - - 2010
The potent antiapoptotic molecule Bcl-2 is markedly up-regulated in a majority of cancers, including neuroblastoma. Genistein is an isoflavone with antitumor properties. The present study sought to elucidate the molecular mechanism of genistein-induced apoptosis and also to examine the effect of genistein in increasing apoptosis during Bcl-2 knockdown in human ...
Xiong Yujuan Y Key Laboratory of Gene Engineering of the Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, - - 2010
Based on microarray data, we have previously shown a significant down-regulation of miR-29 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues. To date, the role of miR-29 deregulation in hepatocarcinogenesis and the signaling pathways by which miR-29 exerts its function and modulates the malignant phenotypes of HCC cells remain largely unknown. In this ...
Eckenrode Emily F - - 2010
Members of the Bcl-2 protein family play a central role in the regulation of apoptosis. An interaction between anti-apoptotic Bcl-x(L) and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized inositol trisphosphate receptor Ca(2+) release channel (InsP(3)R) enables Bcl-x(L) to be fully efficacious as an anti-apoptotic mediator (White, C., Li, C., Yang, J., Petrenko, N. ...
Li Qin-Shan - - 2010
The present study was aimed to investigate whether Bcl-2, Fas and Bax are involved in monocyte chemotacitic protein-1 (MCP-1)-induced apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (hUVECs). hUVECs were cultured, and the purity was identified by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry with specific anti-von Willebrand factor (vWF) and anti-VEGF receptor-2 (KDR) antibodies. ...
L?pez-Royuela Nuria - - 2010
Bcl-2 family proteins are key regulators of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, either facilitating (Bax, Bak, BH3-only) or inhibiting (Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), Mcl-1, A1) mitochondrial release of apoptogenic factors. The role of caspases in this process is a matter of controversy. We have analyzed the relative contribution of caspases and Bcl-2 family ...
Xu Jianzhen - - 2010
MicroRNA-153 (miR-153) is a brain-specific miRNA that is expressed at a significantly lower level in glioblastoma (GBM) relative to non-neoplastic brain tissue. Although the expression pattern of miR-153 has been extensively established, its target genes and cellular mechanism remain undefined. To investigate into the potential function of miR-153 in glioblastmas, ...
Chipuk Jerry E JE Department of Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN 38105, - - 2010
B cell CLL/lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) and its relatives comprise the BCL-2 family of proteins, which were originally characterized with respect to their roles in controlling outer mitochondrial membrane integrity and apoptosis. Current observations expand BCL-2 family function to include numerous cellular pathways. Here we will discuss the mechanisms and functions of ...
Choi Bo-Hwa - - 2010
The cellular processes that regulate Bcl-2 at the posttranslational levels are as important as those that regulate bcl-2 synthesis. Previously we demonstrated that the suppression of FK506-binding protein 38 (FKBP38) contributes to the instability of Bcl-2 or leaves Bcl-2 unprotected from degradation in an unknown mechanism. Here, we studied the ...
Liu Yuan-Yuan - - 2010
1. Erythropoietin (EPO) can reverse radiotherapy-induced anaemia by stimulating bone marrow cells to produce erythrocytes. However, there are limited studies that address the mechanisms by which EPO exerts its beneficial effects in radiotherapy-induced anaemia. In the present study, we used a human bone marrow-derived EPO-dependent leukaemia cell line UT-7/EPO that ...
Sborgi Lorenzo - - 2010
Diva, also known as Boo, is a member of the Bcl-2 family that regulates apoptosis by interacting with other Bcl-2 proteins and with the key component of the apoptosome Apaf-1. The function of Diva is puzzling as it apparently can both promote and inhibit apoptosis depending on the cellular context. ...
Tang Guo-Qing - - 2010
PURPOSE: Chondrosarcoma is a soft tissue sarcoma with a poor prognosis that is unresponsive to conventional chemotherapy. The regulatory mechanisms for the rapid proliferation of chondrosarcoma cells and the particular aggressiveness of this sarcoma remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigate the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on growth and ...
Lan Chun Hui - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: It is known that the vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) could induce apoptosis. However, the mechanism remained to be elucidated. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of Bcl family of proteins (Bcl-2 and Bax) and the mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) in VacA-induced apoptosis of AGS cells. ...
Huang Shengbing S Divisions of Oncology and Gastroenterology, Fiterman Center for Digestive Diseases and Mayo Cancer Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2010
Apoptosis and autophagy have been shown to be negatively regulated by prosurvival Bcl-2 proteins. We determined whether the anticancer agent celecoxib, alone or combined with a small molecule Bcl-2/Bcl-x(L) antagonist (ABT-737), can induce autophagy in colon cancer cells. Furthermore, we determined whether inhibition of autophagy can drive colon cancer cells ...
Yu Wanfeng - - 2010
Mutations in PKD1 are the most common cause of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The protein product of PKD1 (polycystin-1 (PC1)) is a large transmembrane protein with a short intracellular C terminus that interacts with numerous signaling molecules, including Galpha(12). Cyst formation in ADPKD results from numerous cellular defects, ...
Sheikh A M - - 2010
Autism is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by problems in communication, social skills, and repetitive behavior. Recent studies suggest that apoptotic mechanisms may partially contribute to the pathogenesis of this disorder. Cathepsin D is the predominant lysosomal protease and is abundantly expressed in the brain. It plays an important role ...
Yadav Santosh - - 2010
PURPOSE: Environmental exposure to arsenic is an important public health issue. The effects of arsenic on different tissues and organs have been intensively studied. However, the effects of arsenic on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have not been reported. This study is designed to investigate the cell death process ...
Zhang Yi-Wen - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Eriocalyxin B (EriB) is a natural diterpenoid purified from Isodon eriocalyx var. laxiflora and possesses strong antileukemic activity. In this study, we further investigated its effect and mechanism of action in human lymphoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro, a series of B- and T-lymphoma cells were treated with EriB. ...
Ma Dongzhu D Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, - - 2010
FKBP38 is a member of the family of FK506-binding proteins that acts as an inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). The inhibitory action of FKBP38 is antagonized by Rheb, an oncogenic small GTPase, which interacts with FKBP38 and prevents its association with mTOR. In addition to the role ...
Danial Nika N - - 2010
Since its introduction in 1930 by physiologist Walter Bradford Cannon, the concept of homeostasis remains the cardinal tenet of biologic regulation. Cells have evolved a highly integrated network of control mechanisms, including positive and negative feedback loops, to safeguard homeostasis in face of a wide range of stimuli. Such control ...
Soriano Maria Eugenia - - 2010
Apoptosis is a highly regulated process where key players such as BCL-2 family members control the recruitment of the mitochondrial subroutine. This culminates in the release of cytochrome c from the organelle in the cytoplasm, where it is required for the activation of effector caspases. The complete release of cytochrome ...
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