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Moreira Flavio Tocci FT Department of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To compare the effects of two of the most effective lipid-lowering therapies with similar LDL-cholesterol reduction capacity on the innate and adaptive immune responses through the evaluation of autoantibodies anti- oxidized LDL (anti-oxLDL Abs) and electronegative LDL [LDL(-)] levels. We performed a prospective, randomized, open label study, with parallel arms ...
Hanssen Sveinn Are SA Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Unit for Arctic Ecology, Fram Centre N-9296, Tromsø, - - 2013
Parasites are natural stressors that may have multiple negative effects on their host as they usurp energy and nutrients and may lead to costly immune responses that may cause oxidative stress. At early stages, animals may be more sensitive to infectious organisms because of their rapid growth and partly immature ...
McNamara K B - - 2013
Despite the ubiquitous nature of sperm storage in invertebrates, relatively little is known about its costs, or the impact that immune activation can have on a female's ability to maintain viable sperm stores. We explored the effects of an immune challenge on sperm storage under food-limited and ad libitum conditions ...
Humphries Ashley C - - 2013
The role of clathrin in pathogen entry has received much attention and has highlighted the adaptability of clathrin during internalization. Recent studies have now uncovered additional roles for clathrin and have put the spotlight on its role in pathogen spread. Here, we discuss the manipulation of clathrin by pathogens, with ...
Karanika Styliani S Colorectal Unit, First Department of Propaedeutic Surgery, Athens Medical School, Athens, - - 2013
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide and laparoscopic colectomy has been established as equivalent to the open approach in terms of oncological results and patients' safety. Survival benefits have been reported in favor of laparoscopic colectomy (LC) in stage III CRC patients. Different immune ...
Zhao Feng - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and the potential molecular mechanism of sustained inflation (SI) recruitment maneuvers in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in beagle dog following endotracheal suctioning. ARDS was induced in 24 beagle dogs with oleic acid. They had mechanical ventilation support. They were ...
Jones L A - - 2012
The degree of periparturient relaxation of immunity to gastrointestinal parasites has a nutritional basis, as overcoming protein scarcity through increased protein supply improves lactational performance, enhances local immune responses and reduces worm burdens. Herein lactating rats, re-infected with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, are used to test the hypothesis that a similar and ...
Zamilpa Rogelio R San Antonio Cardiovascular Proteomics Center, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78245, - - 2012
Following myocardial infarction (MI), activated macrophages infiltrate into the necrotic myocardium as part of a robust pro-inflammatory response and secrete matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). Macrophage activation, in turn, modulates the fibrotic response, in part by stimulating fibroblast extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis. We hypothesized that overexpression of human MMP-9 in mouse macrophages ...
Namkung Jeong - - 2012
Context:Müllerian inhibiting substance (MIS) is produced in Sertoli cells of fetal testis and causes regression of Müllerian ducts in male embryos. MIS also can induce the cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in Müllerian duct-derived tumors in vivo and in vitro.Objective:Our objective was to investigate the expression of MIS type II ...
Ghourbani Gazar Samira - - 2012
Background: Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial disorder with chronic inflammatory conditions in which immune cells play a significant role in its pathogenic process. Regulatory T cells (Treg), as a part of immune system, are involved in controlling auto-immune and inflammatory diseases. Tregs have been shown to play an atheroprotective role and ...
Yao Ling-Ling - - 2012
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is known to be a "housekeeping" protein, studies in non-cardiomyocytic cells have shown that GAPDH plays pro-apoptotic role by translocating from cytoplasm to the nucleus or to the mitochondria. However, the cardiovascular roles of GAPDH are unknown. We observed that phenylephrine (PE) (100 µM) protected against serum and ...
Thorp Edward B - - 2012
In cardiovascular disorders including advanced atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction (MI), increased cell death and tissue destabilization is associated with recruitment of inflammatory monocyte subsets that give rise to differentiated macrophages. These phagocytic cells clear necrotic and apoptotic bodies and promote inflammation resolution and tissue remodeling. The capacity of macrophages for ...
Chinetti-Gbaguidi Giulia - - 2012
11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) catalyzes the intracellular reduction of inactive cortisone to active cortisol, the natural ligand activating the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor controlling inflammation, lipid metabolism, and the macrophage polarization state. In this study, we investigated the impact of macrophage ...
Moon Jung Lee - - 2011
Brefeldin A (BFA), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi transport inhibitor, has been shown to cause accumulation of proteins in the ER, ER stress, and ultimately apoptosis. In this paper, we demonstrate that the knockdown of mitochondrial NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDPm), a mitochondrial NADPH-generating enzyme, by small interfering RNA (siRNA) enhanced BFA-induced ...
Gottschalk Sven - - 2011
Hepatocyte death due to apoptosis is a hallmark of almost every liver disease. Manipulation of cell death regulatory steps during the apoptotic process is therefore an obvious goal of biomedical research. To clarify whether metabolic changes occur prior to the characteristic apoptotic events, we used ex vivo multinuclear NMR-spectroscopy to ...
Romanov Victor - - 2011
Ingestion of aristolochic acids (AA) contained in herbal remedies results in a renal disease and, frequently, urothelial malignancy. The genotoxicity of AA in renal cells, including mutagenic DNA adduct formation, is well-documented. However, the mechanisms of AA-induced tubular atrophy and renal fibrosis are largely unknown. Epithelial cell death is a ...
Sutendra Gopinath - - 2011
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a vascular remodeling disease characterized by enhanced proliferation and suppressed apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC). This apoptosis resistance is characterized by PASMC mitochondrial hyperpolarization [in part, due to decreased pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity], decreased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mROS), downregulation of Kv1.5, ...
Kil In Sup - - 2011
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a well-known chemopreventive factor, induces cancer cells undergoing apoptosis. Over the last several years, we have shown that the mitochondrial NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDPm) functions as an antioxidant and anti-apoptotic protein by supplying NADPH to antioxidant systems. Here, we show that EGCG induced the inactivation of IDPm as ...
Chauhan Nitin M - - 2011
Regulation of morphogenesis through the production of chemical signalling molecules such as isoamyl alcohol, 2-phenylethyl alcohol, 1-dodecanol, E-nerolidol and farnesol is reported in Candida albicans. The present study focuses on the effect of ethyl alcohol on C. albicans dimorphism and biofilm development. Ethyl alcohol inhibited germ tube formation induced by ...
Sladek Zbysek - - 2011
This paper investigates the association between expression of CD14 and occurrence of apoptosis in blood, resident ((RES)PMN) and inflammatory ((INF)PMN) polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) from heifer mammary glands. The fresh population of (RES)PMN contained a statistically significant higher proportion of CD14+, apoptotic and necrotic cells than did populations of (INF)PMN and ...
Silverpil Elin - - 2011
There is now substantial evidence that the cytokine interleukin-17 orchestrates the accumulation of neutrophils in mammals and thereby contributes to host defense. However, the role of IL-17 in controlling neutrophil turnover is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that IL-17 stimulates the apoptosis of mouse neutrophils and, simultaneously, the release ...
Subramaniyam Devipriya - - 2011
Background and objective:  The secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a major anti-elastase barrier at the epithelial surfaces of upper respiratory tract. In addition to its anti-protease activity, SLPI has been shown to express anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-inflammatory properties. Methods:  We measured SLPI concentration in nasal lavage fluid of healthy ...
Larmonier C B CB Department of Pediatrics, Steele Children's Research Center, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, Arizona 85724, - - 2011
Neutrophils (PMN) are the first cells recruited at the site of inflammation. They play a key role in the innate immune response by recognizing, ingesting, and eliminating pathogens and participate in the orientation of the adaptive immune responses. However, in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) transepithelial neutrophil migration leads to an ...
Meyer-Hoffert Ulf U Department of Dermatology, University Clinic Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, - - 2011
Neutrophil cells have been considered mainly as innate immune cells directed against microbial threats. Their serine proteases neutrophil elastase, proteinase 3 and cathepsin G are main constituents and are released at sites of inflammation. During recent years it became clear that neutrophil serine proteases act as regulators of cell signaling ...
Fluitman Sjoerd B A H A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is associated with alterations in the neuroendocrine as well as immune system. Few studies examined the impact of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on these systems in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: In this explorative study 12 patients suffering from medication-resistant MDD or MDD with psychotic ...
Rodríguez-Orozco A R - - 2010
Chemiluminescence has traditionally been used to study the nature of the oxidative bactericidal mechanisms of neutrophils and monocytes, the intrinsic defects of abnormally functioning neutrophils or monocytes and cell activation. During the last ten years Chemiluminescence has been applied in a wide variety of techniques including: immunoassays, protein blotting, toxicological ...
Nagaoka Isao - - 2010
Peptide antibiotics possess potent antimicrobial activities against invading micro-organisms and contribute to the innate host defense. Antimicrobial α-defensin human neutrophil peptides (HNPs) not only exhibit potent bactericidal activities against Gram-negative and -positive bacteria but also function as immunomodulatory molecules by inducing cytokine and chemokine production, as well as inflammatory and ...
Kallenberg Cees G M - - 2010
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCAs) directed to proteinase 3 (PR3-ANCA) or myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA) are strongly associated with the ANCA-associated vasculitides--Wegener's granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, and Churg-Strauss syndrome. Clinical observations, including the efficacy of B-cell depletion via rituximab treatment, support--but do not prove--a pathogenic role for ANCA in the ANCA-associated vasculitides. In vitro ...
Ocuin Lee M LM Hepatopancreatobiliary Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, - - 2011
Septic peritonitis remains a major cause of death. Neutrophils and inflammatory monocytes are principal components of the innate immune system and are essential for defense against a range of microbial pathogens. Their role and interaction in polymicrobial sepsis have not been defined clearly. Using a murine model of CLP to ...
Camous Laurent - - 2011
Complement alternative pathway plays an important, but not clearly understood, role in neutrophil-mediated diseases. We here show that neutrophils themselves activate complement when stimulated by cytokines or coagulation-derived factors. In whole blood, tumor necrosis factor/formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine or phorbol myristate acetate resulted in C3 fragments binding on neutrophils and monocytes, but not ...
Remijsen Quinten - - 2011
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are extracellular chromatin structures that can trap and degrade microbes. They arise from neutrophils that have activated a cell death program called NET cell death, or NETosis. Activation of NETosis has been shown to involve NADPH oxidase activity, disintegration of the nuclear envelope and most granule ...
Bergin David A - - 2010
Hereditary deficiency of the protein α-1 antitrypsin (AAT) causes a chronic lung disease in humans that is characterized by excessive mobilization of neutrophils into the lung. However, the reason for the increased neutrophil burden has not been fully elucidated. In this study we have demonstrated using human neutrophils that serum ...
Provencio J Javier - - 2011
The etiology of delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCV) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has remained elusive. Growing evidence supports a role for inflammation in the pathogenesis of DCV. We showed that CSF neutrophils predict which patients will develop DCV. We evaluated a murine model of SAH to test the hypothesis that ...
Suyenaga Edna Sayuri - - 2011
Flavonoids are polyphenols that are ubiquitous in plants and frequently consumed in the diet. They are suggested to have many beneficial actions on human health, including anti-inflammatory activity. Their properties have been studied in a number of cell types, but little is known about their effects on neutrophil biology. Consequently, ...
Woehrl Bianca - - 2010
In this study, we analyzed the expression and function of CXCL16 in pneumococcal meningitis. CXCL16 was found to be up‐regulated in RAW264.7 macrophages (but not in neutrophils and endothelial cells) upon pneumococcal stimulation, in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients, and in the brains as well as the cerebrospinal fluid of ...
Jovanović Boris - - 2011
Effects of nanosized (<100nm) titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) particles on fish neutrophils and immune gene expression was investigated using the fathead minnow (Pimpehales promelas). Expanded use of TiO(2) in the cosmetic industry has increased the potential exposure risk to aquatic ecosystems and human health. Effects of nano-TiO(2) on neutrophil function of ...
Sumagin Ronen - - 2010
To exit blood vessels, most (∼80%) of the lumenally adhered monocytes and neutrophils crawl toward locations that support transmigration. Using intravital confocal microscopy of anesthetized mouse cremaster muscle, we separately examined the crawling and emigration patterns of monocytes and neutrophils in blood-perfused unstimulated or TNF-α-activated venules. Most of the interacting ...
Gordy Claire - - 2011
The timely clearance of apoptotic neutrophils from inflammation sites is an important function of macrophages; however, the role of macrophages in maintaining neutrophil homeostasis under steady-state conditions is less well understood. By conditionally deleting the antiapoptotic gene cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein (C-FLIP) in myeloid cells, we have generated a novel ...
Papayannopoulos Venizelos - - 2010
Neutrophils release decondensed chromatin termed neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) to trap and kill pathogens extracellularly. Reactive oxygen species are required to initiate NET formation but the downstream molecular mechanism is unknown. We show that upon activation, neutrophil elastase (NE) escapes from azurophilic granules and translocates to the nucleus, where it ...
Witko-Sarsat Véronique - - 2010
Neutrophil apoptosis is a highly regulated process essential for inflammation resolution, the molecular mechanisms of which are only partially elucidated. In this study, we describe a survival pathway controlled by proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a nuclear factor involved in DNA replication and repairing of proliferating cells. We show that ...
Metzler Kathleen D - - 2011
The granule enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) plays an important role in neutrophil antimicrobial responses. However, the severity of immunodeficiency in patients carrying mutations in MPO is variable. Serious microbial infections, especially with Candida species, have been observed in a subset of completely MPO-deficient patients. Here we show that neutrophils from donors ...
Costa-Ramos Carolina - - 2011
It has been previously shown that the exotoxin of the important fish pathogen Photobacterium damselae ssp. piscicida is a key pathogenicity factor and is responsible for the extensive systemic apoptosis of macrophages and neutrophils seen in acute fish photobacteriosis. The focus of the present study was to further characterize the ...
Fischer Carrie D - - 2011
Clearance of apoptotic neutrophils is a central feature of the resolution of inflammation. Findings indicate that immuno-modulation and induction of neutrophil apoptosis by macrolide antibiotics generate anti-inflammatory benefits via mechanisms that remain obscure. Tulathromycin (TUL), a new antimicrobial agent for bovine respiratory disease, offers superior clinical efficacy for reasons not ...
McDonald Braedon - - 2010
Neutrophils are recruited from the blood to sites of sterile inflammation, where they contribute to wound healing but may also cause tissue damage. By using spinning disk confocal intravital microscopy, we examined the kinetics and molecular mechanisms of neutrophil recruitment to sites of focal hepatic necrosis in vivo. Adenosine triphosphate ...
Thalhofer Colin J CJ Interdisciplinary Immunology Program, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2011
The vector-borne protozoan Leishmania infantum chagasi causes minimal inflammation after inoculation into skin but disseminates to cause fatal visceral leishmaniasis. To define the inflammatory response at the parasite inoculation site, we introduced metacyclic L. infantum chagasi promastigotes intradermally into BALB/c mouse ears and studied inflammatory cells over 7 days. Ly6G(+) ...
Kreisel Daniel - - 2010
Immune-mediated pulmonary diseases are a significant public health concern. Analysis of leukocyte behavior in the lung is essential for understanding cellular mechanisms that contribute to normal and diseased states. Here, we used two-photon imaging to study neutrophil extravasation from pulmonary vessels and subsequent interstitial migration. We found that the lungs ...
De Santo Carmela C Medical Research Council Human Immunology Unit, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Medical Research Council Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2010
Neutrophils are the main effector cells during inflammation, but they can also control excessive inflammatory responses by secreting anti-inflammatory cytokines. However, the mechanisms that modulate their plasticity remain unclear. We now show that systemic serum amyloid A 1 (SAA-1) controls the plasticity of neutrophil differentiation. SAA-1 not only induced anti-inflammatory ...
Li J P - - 2010
Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is a novel cytokine of the IL-6/12 family with a broad range of immune regulation properties, which has been considered as a potential therapeutic agent for immune diseases and cancers. However, little is known about the effect of IL-27 on human neutrophils before its clinical administration. In this ...
Boaventura Viviane S - - 2010
Mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) is characterised by severe tissue destruction. Herein, we evaluated the involvement of the IL-17-type response in the inflammatory infiltrate of biopsy specimens from 17 ML patients. IL-17 and IL-17-inducing cytokines (IL-1β, IL-23, IL-6 and TGF-β) were detected by immunohistochemistry in ML patients. IL-17(+) cells exhibited CD4(+), CD8(+) ...
Oliveira C - - 2010
The serine and cysteine peptidase inhibitor, BbCI, isolated from Bauhinia bauhinioides seeds, is similar to the classical plant Kunitz inhibitor, STI, but lacks disulphide bridges and methionine residues. BbCI blocks activity of the serine peptidases, elastase (K(iapp) 5.3 nM) and cathepsin G (K(iapp) 160.0 nM), and the cysteine peptidase cathepsin ...
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