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Hassemer Eryn L - - 2013
During mammalian embryonic eyelid closure ADAM17 has been proposed to play a role as a transactivator of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling by shedding membrane bound EGFR ligands. However, ADAM17 also sheds numerous other ligands, thus implicating ADAM17 in additional molecular pathways. The goal of this study was to ...
Kim Moses - - 2012
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a complex disease involving prematurity, enteral feeding, and bacterial effects. We propose that the underlying initial condition in its pathogenesis is reduced ability of the neonatal gut epithelial cells (NGECs) to clear oxidative stress (OS), and that when such a NGEC population is exposed to enteral ...
Giannouli Stavroula - - 2012
Primary myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogeneous clonal haemopoietic stem-cell disorders clinically presented with a varying degree of peripheral cytopenias and an increased probability of leukemic evolution. The natural history of MDS ranges from more indolent forms of disease spanning years to those rapidly progressing to overt leukemia. A distinct subset ...
Xu Feng - - 2011
The polycomb group (PcG) protein BMI1 plays a critical role in regulating self renewal capacity of both normal and leukemic stem cells. BMI1 is frequently overexpressed in several types of cancer, which is associated with poor prognosis. However, there are few researches on BMI1 in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). In this ...
Suzuki Shiho - - 2011
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are characterized by proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow cells. Minichromosome maintenance protein (MCM) 2, which is known to be essential for regulating DNA replication, has proven to have a pro-apoptotic effect in our recent study. Thus, to determine the role of MCM2 in MDS, real-time PCR, ...
Jansson Andreas - - 2011
Modulating the activities of costimulatory molecules controlling immune responses holds considerable promise for immunotherapy. CTLA4Ig (abatacept), a soluble version of the T cell-expressed membrane receptor CTLA-4, is approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Like natural CTLA-4 molecules, CTLA4Ig ligates B7-1 and B7-2 on antigen presenting cells, preventing CD28-mediated costimulation ...
DeMarco Mari L ML Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, GA 30602, USA. - - 2011
The human immune response to an infection by Gram-negative bacteria involves detection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as endotoxins, which comprise the bacterial outer cell wall. Distinct from mammalian glycolipid structures, LPS have a conserved chemical pattern that is recognized by the pattern recognition receptor complex formed by myeloid differentiation ...
Xing Wen-Jing - - 2011
Calcium-sensing receptors (CaSRs) exist in a variety of tissues. In 2010, we first identified its functional expression in BRL cells and demonstrated that activation of CaSR was involved in an increased intracellular calcium through Gq-PLC-IP(3) pathway. However, its role and related mechanism in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is still unclear. ...
Liu Tsung-Chi - - 2011
Inaction inertia describes the phenomenon that an individual is unlikely to act on an attractive opportunity after having bypassed an even more attractive one. The results of two experiments indicate that after missing an initial opportunity to obtain a product as a free gift during a promotional period, the inaction ...
Shang Lei - - 2011
Objectives  Astragaloside IV, purified from the Chinese medical herb Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch) Bge and Astragalus caspicus Bieb, is an important natural product with multiple pharmacological actions. This study investigated the anti-ADVs effect of astragaloside IV on HAdV-3 (human adenovirus type 3) in A549 cell. Methods  CPE, MTT, quantitative real-time PCR ...
Ladelfa María Fátima - - 2011
Abstract p53 is a crucial transcription factor with tumor suppressive properties that elicits its function through specific target genes. It constitutes a pivotal system that integrates information received by many signaling pathways and subsequently orchestrates cell fate decisions, namely, growth-arrest, senescence, or apoptosis. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in cells ...
Sareila Outi - - 2011
Abstract Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a heterogeneous group of highly reactive molecules that oxidize targets in a biologic system. During steady-state conditions, ROS are constantly produced in the electron-transport chain during cellular respiration and by various constitutively active oxidases. ROS production can also be induced by activation of the ...
Lim Su Yin - - 2011
Abstract Several S100 Ca(2+)-binding proteins are considered damage-associated molecular pattern molecules (DAMPs). They are actively secreted or released from necrotic cells in response to tissue injury or stress and have various functions important in innate immunity. Here, we review several DAMPs, with particular focus on S100A8 and S100A9, which are ...
Shi Yuqin - - 2011
β-benzene hexachloride (β-BHC), the major metabolite of benzene-hexachloride (BHC), is a weak estrogen-like chemical. It is a known persistent organic pollutant and male reproductive toxicant. However, the mechanism by which β-BHC exposure causes male reproductive toxicity remains unknown. In the present study, rat Sertoli cells were used to investigate the ...
Huang Ju - - 2011
Abstract Autophagy is a degradative pathway that involves delivery of cytoplasmic components, including proteins, organelles, and invaded microbes to the lysosome for digestion. Autophagy is implicated in the pathology of various human diseases. The association of autophagy to inflammatory bowel diseases is consistent with recent discoveries of its role in ...
Glassman Steven J - - 2011
The acquired depigmenting disorder of vitiligo affects an estimated 1% of the world population and constitutes one of the commonest dermatoses. Although essentially asymptomatic, the psychosocial impact of vitiligo can be severe. The cause of vitiligo remains enigmatic, hampering efforts at successful therapy. The underlying pathogenesis of the pigment loss ...
Franklin James L - - 2011
Two principal pathways exist by which cells can undergo apoptotic death, known as the extrinsic and the intrinsic pathways. Binding of a ligand to a death receptor activates the extrinsic pathway. In the intrinsic pathway, an apoptotic stimulus, such as neurotrophin withdrawal or exposure to a toxin, causes a proapoptotic ...
Chae Hee-Don - - 2011
Silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) plays a critical role in reactive oxygen species-triggered apoptosis in mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells. Here, we investigated a possible role for the PTEN/Akt/JNK pathway in the SIRT1-mediated apoptosis pathway in mES cells. Akt was activated by removal of anti-oxidant 2-mercaptoethanol ...
Sun Lei - - 2011
Bufalin has been shown to induce cancer cell death through apoptotic pathways. However, the molecular mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, we used the confocal fluorescence microscopy (CFM) to monitor the spatio-temporal dynamics of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, Bax translocation and caspase-3 activation during bufalin-induced apoptosis in ...
Liu Jin-Jun - - 2011
Apoptosis of cardiomyocytes plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Numerous studies have shown that generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in this pathological process. Recent studies also suggested that acetylcholine (ACh) prevented the hypoxia-induced apoptosis of mouse ...
Torres Rodrigo - - 2011
Human diseases are attributed in part to the ability of pathogens to evade the eukaryotic immune systems. A subset of these pathogens has developed mechanisms to survive in human macrophages. Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of the bubonic plague, is a predominately extracellular pathogen with the ability to survive and ...
Mi Qi - - 2011
Complex biological processes such as acute inflammation induced by trauma/hemorrhagic shock/ (T/HS) are dynamic and multi-dimensional. We utilized multiplexing cytokine analysis coupled with data-driven modeling to gain a systems perspective into T/HS. Mice were subjected to surgical cannulation trauma (ST) ± hemorrhagic shock (HS; 25 mmHg), and followed for 1, ...
Usta Engin - - 2011
Cardioplegia and reperfusion of the myocardium may be associated with cardiomyocyte apoptosis and subsequent myocardial injury. In order to establish a pharmacological strategy for the prevention of these events, this study aimed to verify the reliability of our human cardiac model and to evaluate the pro-apoptotic properties of the sphingolipid ...
Monticone Massimiliano - - 2010
Demethyl fruticulin A (SCO-1) is a compound found in Salvia corrugata leaves. SCO-1 was reported to induce anoikis in cell lines via the membrane scavenging receptor CD36. However, experiments performed with cells lacking CD36 showed that SCO-1 was able to induce apoptosis also via alternative pathways. To gain some insight ...
Yi Lan - - 2010
1. Diallyl disulphide (DADS) has potential as a chemopreventive and therapeutic agent. Previous studies have reported that Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 2 (Rac2), a regulatory subunit of the NADPH oxidase complex, is upregulated in DADS-induced apoptosis in human leukaemia HL-60 cells. The aim of the present study was to ...
Sharma Monika - - 2010
In the present study, we have investigated the antifungal effects of a natural polyphenol, CUR (curcumin), against albicans and non-albicans species of Candida and have shown its ability to inhibit the growth of all the tested strains. The inhibitory effects of CUR were independent of the status of the multidrug ...
Yun Bo-Ra - - 2010
Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is a chemoresistant intrahepatic bile duct carcinoma with a poor prognosis. The aims of this study were to identify molecular pathways that enhance sesquiterpene lactone parthenolide (PTL)-induced anticancer effects on CC cells. The effects of PTL on apoptosis and hemoxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction were examined in CC cell lines. ...
Tang Xiao-Qing - - 2011
Both elevated homocysteine and decreased hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) are observed in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction contributes to the neurotoxicity of homocysteine; however, H(2)S is an endogenous antioxidant gas. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the imbalance of proportion ...
Lee J-J - - 2011
Loss of the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) has frequently been observed in human gliomas, conferring AKT activation and resistance to ionizing radiation (IR) and drug treatments. Recent reports have shown that PTEN loss or AKT activation induces premature senescence, but many details regarding this effect remain obscure. ...
Tan Caiping - - 2010
The role of autophagy in cancer development and response to cancer therapy has been a subject of debate. Here we demonstrate that a series of ruthenium(II) complexes containing a β-carboline alkaloid as ligand can simultaneously induce autophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. These Ru(II) complexes are nuclear permeable and highly ...
Indran Inthrani R - - 2011
The human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is the catalytic subunit of the telomerase holoenzyme. Evidence is accumulating to link hTERT to activities other than telomere maintenance and immortalization. Here, we show that hTERT overexpression not only reduces the basal cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels but also inhibits endogenous ROS ...
Hsu Ya-Ling YL Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100 Shih-Chuan First Road, Kaohsiung 807, - - 2010
This study is the first to investigate the anticancer effect of tricetin (TCN) in two human liver cancer cell lines, Hep G2 and PLC/PRF/5. TCN induced cancer cell death treatment by triggering mitochondrial and death receptor 5 (DR5) apoptotic pathways. Exposure of Hep G2 and PLC/PRF/5 cells to TCN resulted ...
Manea Adrian - - 2010
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are essential mediators of normal cell physiology. However, in the last few decades, it has become evident that ROS overproduction and/or alterations of the antioxidant system associated with inflammation and metabolic dysfunction are key pathological triggers of cardiovascular disorders. NADPH oxidases (Nox) represent a class of ...
Chiu Ling-Ya - - 2011
The alkylating agent N-methyl-N'-nitro-N'-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) can cause excess DNA strand breaks that lead to poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) overactivation and cell death (parthanatos). However, the detail mechanism of MNNG-induced parthanatos was not well-investigated. In this study, we used MNNG-treated mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) to elucidate the signaling pathways of MNNG-induced parthanatos. We ...
Hu Yu - - 2010
The NLR family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is critical for caspase-1 activation and the proteolytic processing of pro-IL-1β. However, the mechanism that regulates NLRP3 inflammasome activation remains unclear. In this paper, we demonstrate that tripartite-motif protein 30 (TRIM30) negatively regulates NLRP3 inflammasome activation. After stimulation with ATP, an agonist ...
Son Young-Ok YO Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0305, - - 2011
Occupational exposure to chromium (Cr) compounds has been shown to cause serious toxic and carcinogenic effects. The skin is an important target for the compounds in industrially exposed Cr workers. c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) regulates cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. This protein's effects on cellular response depend upon the cell ...
Queisser Nina - - 2010
The formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) can be induced by xenobiotic substances, such as redox cycling molecules, but also by endogenous substances such as hormones and cytokines. Recent research shows the importance of ROS in cellular signaling. Here, the signaling pathways of the two blood pressure-regulating hormones angiotensin II ...
Gertz Melanie - - 2010
Mitochondria contribute to various diseases and aging phenotypes. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), mainly formed by the respiratory chain, were long thought to cause these effects by damaging proteins, DNA, and lipids. The emerging understanding that ROS act not only destructively but also as dedicated signaling molecules, and that aging processes ...
Lu Biyan - - 2010
To improve the survival and/or differentiation of grafted BMSCs (bone marrow stem cells) represents one of the challenges for the promising cell-based therapy. Considerable reports have implicated Sal B (salvianolic acid B), a potent aqueous extract of Salvia miltiorrhiza, in enhancing the survival of cells under various conditions. In this ...
Conejeros I - - 2011
Neutrophils play a key role in initiating an innate immune response, being the first type of immune cell arriving at the site of injury or infection. These cells are able to mount a direct anti-bactericidal response by the production of reactive oxygen or reactive nitrogen species (ROS/RNS). An important component ...
Kolamunne Rajitha T - - 2011
Both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ATP depletion may be significant in hypoxia-induced damage and death, either collectively or independently, with high energy requiring, metabolically active cells being the most susceptible to damage. We investigated the kinetics and effects of ROS production in cardiac myoblasts, H9C2 cells, under 2%, 10% ...
Hernández-Martínez Juan M - - 2011
Cerebellar granule neurons (CGN) cultured in a 25 mM KCl medium (K25) die apoptotically when they are transferred to a medium containing 5 mM KCl (K5). It has been previously shown that apoptotic death of CGN induced by K5 is mediated by an increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS may ...
Xue Chengbin - - 2011
The chemoprotective effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a sulfhydryl-containing antioxidant, on nano titanium dioxide (nano-TiO(2)) induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells was assessed. HaCaT cells were pretreated with NAC followed by treatment with 200 μg/ml nano-TiO(2), then exposed to ultraviolet A (UVA, 365 nm) for 1 h ...
Barlan A U - - 2011
Adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) infection of macrophages results in rapid secretion of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and is dependent on the inflammasome components NLRP3 and ASC and the catalytic activity of caspase-1. Using lentivirus-expressed short hairpin RNA (shRNA) and competitive inhibitors, we show that Ad-induced IL-1β release is dependent upon Toll-like receptor ...
Cho Sung Chun - - 2010
DDS, 4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulfone, is the most common drug prescribed to treat Hansen disease patients. In addition to its antibacterial activity, DDS has been reported to be involved in other cellular processes that occur in eukaryotic cells. Because DDS treatment significantly enhances the antioxidant activity in humans, we examined its effect on ...
Szumiel Irena - - 2011
Abstract The paper reviews the rapidly expanding pool of information on cellular and molecular mechanisms of autophagy, including autophagy types, macroautophagy induction, formation of autophagosomes and cross-talk between autophagy and apoptosis. Special attention is given to generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in various cellular compartments of cells under stress ...
Borges Adolfo - - 2011
Acute lung injury following envenomation by Tityus scorpion species is due in part to activation of the inflammatory response leading to release of cytotoxic leukocyte-derived products, including cytokines and possibly reactive oxygen species (ROS). Tityus zulianus envenomation in Venezuela produces cardiorespiratory complications and death by lung injury whereas stings by ...
Zhang Hong-Mei - - 2011
Melatonin is a potent scavenger of reactive oxygen (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). At pharmacological concentrations, however, melatonin is documented to cause ROS/RNS production, especially in cultured cancerous cells. Currently, the mechanism responsible for melatonin-induced ROS generation remains elusive. In this study, we provided evidence that melatonin, at micromolar ...
Wang Lan - - 2011
Codonopsis lanceolata (Campanulasea) is widely distributed and grown in Asia and has been in use as traditional medicine for long time. The n-butanol fraction (BF) of C. lanceolata significantly inhibited human colon cancer HT-29 cell growth in a dose- and time-dependent manner by inducing G0/G1 phase arrest and apoptosis. The ...
Boussetta Tarek - - 2010
Neutrophils play a key role in host defense by releasing reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, excessive ROS production by neutrophil nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase can damage bystander tissues, thereby contributing to inflammatory diseases. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a major mediator of inflammation, does not activate NADPH oxidase but ...
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