Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1372
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Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2004
In this study, we examined acacetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), a flavonoid compound, for its effect on proliferation in human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells. The results first reported that acacetin not only inhibited A549 cell proliferation but also induced apoptosis and blocked cell cycle progression in the G1 phase. ELISA assay ...
Li Yiwen - - 2004
In myocardial infarction (MI), granulation tissue cells disappear via apoptosis to complete a final scarring with scanty cells. Blockade of this apoptosis was reported to improve post-MI ventricular remodeling and heart failure. However, the molecular biological mechanisms for the apoptosis are unknown. Fas and Fas ligand were overexpressed in the ...
Kreuz Sebastian - - 2004
Fas (APO-1/CD95) is the prototypic death receptor, and the molecular mechanisms of Fas-induced apoptosis are comparably well understood. Here, we show that Fas activates NFkappaB via a pathway involving RIP, FADD, and caspase-8. Remarkably, the enzymatic activity of the latter was dispensable for Fas-induced NFkappaB signaling pointing to a scaffolding-related ...
Chosa Naoyuki - - 2004
Fas-mediated cell death in a human salivary gland adenocarcinoma cell line (HSG) was induced by treatment of the cells with agonistic anti-Fas antibody (CH-11), and this cell death was enhanced by pretreatment with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). The mode of cell death was apoptosis, because it was accompanied by ...
Laoag-Fernandez Jovelle B - - 2004
The present study was conducted to determine whether T(3) receptor exists in early placental extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) and evaluate the influence of T(3) on Fas/Fas ligand expression, caspase-3, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage and apoptosis in cultured early placental EVTs. EVTs with invasive phenotype, isolated from normal placental explants ...
Braess Jan - - 2004
Deficiencies or structural defects of the apoptotic machinery have been postulated as a potential mechanism for a broad resistance of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) blasts towards cytotoxic therapy comprising chemotherapeutic agents with diverse pharmacodynamic principles but also cell-mediated cytotoxicity of the graft-versus-leukaemia effect, for example, in the setting of allogeneic ...
Zhang Min - - 2004
To investigate the inhibition role of anti-Fas hammerhead ribozyme on fas expression and Fas-mediated apoptosis of CTL cell line CTLL-2 cells, the cDNA of an anti-Fas hammerhead ribozyme was synthesized, its expression plasmid was constructed and transfected into CTLL-2 cells by electroporation. fas expression of CTLL-2 cells was detected by ...
Jackson Sharon H - - 2004
T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation induces rapid generation of reactive oxygen species, although the mechanisms for this are unclear. Here we found that T cells expressed a functional phagocyte-type nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. TCR crosslinking induced oxidase activation through the recruitment of preformed Fas ligand and Fas. TCR ...
Duque Gustavo - - 2004
Apoptosis plays an important role in the regulation of bone turnover. Previously, we showed that 1,25(OH)2D3, the active form of vitamin D, may increase osteoblast survival by inhibiting apoptosis induced by serum deprivation. Human osteoblasts express the Fas receptor on their surface and its interaction with Fas ligand has been ...
Pae Hyun-Ock - - 2004
Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to exert antiproliferative and antiapoptotic effects on human T cells. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which degrades heme into biliverdin, free iron (Fe(2+)), and carbon monoxide (CO), has also been known to have antiproliferative and antiapoptotic effects. Recent evidence suggests that HO-1 is an important cellular ...
Nuttall T J - - 2004
A two-year-old, male English springer spaniel developed severe mucocutaneous ulceration following treatment with trimethoprim-potentiated sulphadiazine. The clinical signs were consistent with Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS): there were no target or arciform lesions typical of erythema multiforme minor and major; more than one mucosal surface was affected; epidermal detachment affected less than ...
Alter P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis causes loss of contractile cardiomyocytes in inflammatory heart disease. Despite recent examinations, the influence of virus infection on apoptosis remained ill-defined. METHODS: Apoptosis was assessed in left ventricular endomyocardial biopsies by the TUNEL method frompatients with chronic myocarditis and adeno-, cytomegalo- and enterovirus persistence. Soluble Fas-ligands, sFas-receptors, TNF-alpha, ...
McEleny Kevin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) proteins are a family of structurally homologous caspase inhibitors. We synthesized an antisense oligonucleotide (AO) to target a region within the BIR domain of cIAP-1 and examined its ability to facilitate apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. METHODS: We transfected the IAP AO into PC3 ...
Nakamura Morio - - 2004
The Fas (CD95)/Fas ligand (CD178) system plays an important role in epithelial damage during the acute respiratory distress syndrome. The goal of this study was to determine whether proximal and distal human lung epithelial cells differ in their sensitivity to Fas ligand (rh-sFasL), and whether the response of lung epithelium ...
Hao Zhenyue - - 2004
To study the role of Fas-Fas ligand (FasL) interaction-mediated apoptosis in lymphocyte homeostasis, we generated a mutant fas allele allowing conditional inactivation of the fas gene through Cre-mediated recombination. Experiments in which Fas was ablated in T cells, B cells, T and B cells, or in a more generalized manner ...
Longley Daniel Broderick - - 2004
Fas (CD95/Apo-1) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family. Receptor binding results in activation of caspase 8, leading to activation of proapoptotic downstream molecules. We found that expression of Fas was up-regulated >10-fold in MCF-7 breast and HCT116 and RKO colon cancer cell lines after treatment with ...
Rubio Pomar Francisco J - - 2004
Follicular atresia is believed to be largely regulated by apoptosis. To further understand how apoptosis can affect cumulus cells and oocytes we have evaluated the incidence and regulation of apoptosis affecting bovine cumulus oocyte complexes in vitro. Expression of components of the Fas signaling pathway was studied in both oocytes ...
Sayilkan Hikmet - - 2004
In this work, a new filter, used to prevent atmospherical pollution, has been developed. Spherical amorphous shaped silicates (such as KC-Siliperl AF 125 and Aluminium silicate 596 FA) were coated with different materials which were prepared from the hydrolysis-condensation products of organically modified silanes and metal alkoxides. The adsorption capacities ...
Chong Mark M W - - 2004
In type 1 diabetes, cytokine action on beta cells potentially contributes to beta cell destruction by direct cytotoxicity, inducing Fas expression, and up-regulating class I MHC and chemokine expression to increase immune recognition. To simultaneously block beta cell responsiveness to multiple cytokines, we overexpressed suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS-1). This ...
Suhara Toshimitsu - - 2004
Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. However, the underlying mechanism of endothelial cell injury in hyperhomocysteinemia has not been elucidated. In this study, we examined the effect of homocysteine (Hcy) on Fas-mediated apoptosis in endothelial cells. Hcy-induced upregulation of Fas in endothelial cells (ECs) in ...
Serinkan Behice F - - 2004
Apoptosis and phagocytosis of apoptotic cells provide for effective and harmless clearance of unwanted or damaged cells in the body. Preferential oxidation of one particular class of phospholipids, phosphatidylserine (PS), is a typical trait of both oxidant- and nonoxidant-induced apoptosis. PS oxidation is likely to play an important role in ...
Choi Byung-Min - - 2004
We recently demonstrated that heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is constitutively expressed in human CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells and induced by anti-CD28 or anti-CD28/anti-CD3 stimulation, even in CD4+CD25- responder T cells. To study the effects of HO-1 expression on lymphocyte survival, we transfected the HO-1 gene or induced the gene to express ...
Harada Tatsuya - - 2004
Haem oxygenases produce carbon monoxide, which, like nitric oxide, is a gaseous messenger molecule that is one of several important survival factors in ovarian follicles. However, little is known about the expression and possible functions of these enzymes in granulosa cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ...
Ceccatelli S - - 2004
Neural stem cells (NSC) undergo apoptotic cell death as an essential component of neural development. Here, we present the results of our studies on the mechanisms by which NSC undergo cell death in response to neurotoxic insults. As experimental models we used primary culture of adult NSC from the subventricular ...
Massart C - - 2004
Doxorubicin remains the most extensively used drug in the chemotherapy of thyroid cancer. However, drug resistance often limits the efficacy of chemotherapy in clinical practice. Several anticancer drugs exert their cytotoxic effect by triggering Fas-mediated apoptosis in some cell types. However, no investigations have been conducted to determine whether doxorubicin ...
Walker Annemieke - - 2004
During apoptosis, the Golgi complex becomes fragmented and key proteins (e.g., GRASP65 and p115) are targets for caspase cleavage. GM130, an integral membrane protein, contributes to the maintenance of Golgi structure and facilitates membrane fusion with secretory vesicles. We show that GM130 levels decrease during Fas-induced apoptosis but not during ...
Cheema Zulfiqar F - - 2004
Apoptosis is important for normal cerebral cortical development. We previously showed that the Fas suicide receptor was expressed within the developing cerebral cortex, and that in vitro Fas activation resulted in caspase-dependent death. Alterations in cell-surface Fas expression may significantly influence cortical development. Therefore, in the following studies, we sought ...
Tazuke Yuko - - 2004
Lipids are an important component of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), contributing the largest caloric load per volume of solution and providing essential fatty acids necessary for survival. However, lipids are known to be causative factors in oxidative stress, which are expressed via the Bcl-2 family of proteins and/or Fas-mediated apoptosis ...
Choi Chulhee - - 2004
Resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis contributes to tumor evasion from the host immune system and enables tumors to mediate alternative responses such as inflammation and angiogenesis. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of the resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis and sensitization to Fas-induced cell death by IFN-gamma in human astrocytoma ...
Wang Xin - - 2004
Cellular senescence and apoptosis are two metabolically related and seemingly synergistic processes that are involved in tissue maintenance and homeostasis, anti-tumor protection, and age-related diseases. Despite this apparent co-operativity, senescence can inhibit apoptosis in certain conditions. Here, we describe senescence-apoptosis relationships in human epidermal cells by comparing apoptosis-related effector concentrations ...
Oksuz Murat - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Cells infected with the hepatitis B or C virus can be eliminated by an immune response mediated by cytotoxic T cells. Recently, the Fas Ligand has been detected on the surface of cytotoxic T cells, and is thought to induce cells to apoptosis by adhering to the Fas antigen. ...
Zhang Min - - 2004
To detect a new and more effective way against apoptosis mouse lymphomatic cell line Yac-1 in which fas gene was expressed highly was used as a model for studying the effects of anti-Fas ribozyme on Fas-mediated apoptosis. A hammerhead ribozyme gene targeting the fas mRNA was synthesized and its in ...
Varambally Sooryanarayana - - 2004
Natural polyreactive IgM autoantibodies, encoded by unmutated germline Ig V genes, represent a major fraction of the normal circulating IgM repertoire. We have previously shown that therapeutic preparation of pooled IgM exerts immunomodulatory effects as assessed by in vitro and in vivo studies. Here, we show that the IgM preparation ...
Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2004
Flavonoids are a broadly distributed class of plant pigments, universally present in vascular plants and responsible for much of the coloring in nature. They are strong antioxidants that occur naturally in foods and can inhibit carcinogenesis in rodents. In this study, we examined acacetin (5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone), a flavonoid compound, for its ...
Lesnikov Vladimir A - - 2004
Recent studies in lymphohemopoietic cells show that transferrin (Tf), a pivotal component of iron transport and metabolism, also exerts cytoprotective functions. We show here in a murine model that Tf interferes with Fas-mediated hepatocyte death and liver failure. The mechanism involves the downregulation of apoptosis via BID, cytochrome c, caspase-3 ...
Christen Urs - - 2004
Tissue-specific expression of Fas-ligand (Fas-L) can provide immune privilege by inducing apoptosis of "invading" lymphocytes expressing Fas. However, accelerated diabetes has been reported in transgenic mice expressing Fas-L in islets (RIP-Fas-L) as a result of Fas-dependent fratricide of beta-cells after transfer of diabetogenic clones. Here we studied whether Fas-L could ...
Meli Maria - - 2004
The T-cell lymphoma cell line HuT78B1, selected for resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis, resulted unexpectedly resistant to the apoptotic and cytotoxic effects of gemcitabine (dFdC). We investigated whether this resistance was due to the impairment of the Fas/Fas-ligand (FasL) system. dFdC effects were studied in HuT78B1 and in the parental Fas-sensitive ...
Aouad Salah M - - 2004
Since its discovery, caspase-8 has been placed at the apex of the proteolytic cascade triggered by death receptor (DR) cross-linking. Because of its capacity to interact with the cytoplasmic portion of DR, it has been suggested that caspase-8 acts independently of other caspases in the initiation of Fas and other ...
Curtin James F - - 2004
Elevated endogenous JNK activity and resistance to Fas receptor-mediated apoptosis have recently been implicated in progression of prostate cancer and can promote resistance to apoptosis in response to chemotherapeutic drugs. In addition, JNK has been demonstrated to promote transformation of epithelial cells by increasing both proliferation and survival. Although numerous ...
Ogawa Kohei - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Human hepatoma cells have been reported to be resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Sodium butyrate (SB) induced apoptosis of several cancer cells. We investigated the effects of SB on Fas-mediated apoptosis of hepatoma cells. METHODS: In hepatoma cells (HuH-6, HuH-7, Hep-G2, and PLC/PRF/5), susceptibility to Fas-mediated apoptosis and Fas expression ...
Filippatos Gerasimos - - 2004
Published work suggests that some types of endothelial cells undergo apoptosis in response to ligation of the receptor Fas (CD95, APO1) but other types are resistant. Because heterogeneity among endothelial cells from different tissues, has been demonstrated, the purpose of this study was to determine, if Fas ligation and/or activation ...
Pullar Juliet M - - 2004
The chemopreventive properties of the isothiocyanates have been attributed to their ability to inhibit phase I enzymes that activate procarcinogens, induce phase II protective enzymes and trigger apoptosis in transformed cells. In this study we provide evidence for a new mechanism of chemoprevention, wherein sublethal doses of phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) ...
Feng Hanping - - 2004
Certain caspase-8 null cell lines demonstrate resistance to Fas-induced apoptosis, indicating that the Fas/FasL apoptotic pathway may be caspase-8-dependent. Some reports, however, have shown that Fas induces cell death independent of caspase-8. Here we provide evidence for an alternative, caspase-8-independent, Fas death domain-mediated apoptotic pathway. Murine 12B1-D1 cells express procaspase-3, ...
Santiago Begoña - - 2004
Fibroblasts play an important role in reparative and inflammatory processes by synthesizing extracellular matrix components and releasing growth factors and cytokines. Fibroblast apoptosis has been observed at the termination phase of reparative or fibrotic responses, but its regulation in this context is poorly known. We investigated the susceptibility of human ...
Sodhi Ajit - - 2004
The role of Fas/Fas ligand in ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced apoptosis of murine peritoneal macrophages, the terminally differentiated, non-dividing cells was investigated. UVB (100 mJ/cm(2)) irradiation induced apoptosis in macrophages concurrent with expression of Fas, Fas ligand, Fas-associated death domain (FADD), activation of caspase-8, -3 and cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase ...
Yamamoto Toshiyuki - - 2004
To elucidate the role of apoptosis in cutaneous sclerosis, we examined the induction of apoptosis and expression of Fas, Fas ligand, as well as caspase-3 in a murine model of bleomycin-induced scleroderma. Dermal sclerosis was induced by local injections of bleomycin (1 mg per mL) in C3H/HeJ mice. Induction of ...
Oates Jim C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: MRL/MpJ-Tnfrsf6lpr(MRL/lpr) mice, a murine model of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), have defective expression of Fas, substantially reducing signaling for apoptosis via this mechanism. However, it is known that MRL/lpr mice have increased spontaneous apoptosis of leukocytes. These conflicting observations have stimulated interest in apoptosis in this SLE model. MRL/lpr ...
Clarke Alan A - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fanconi anemia (FA) cells are characteristically hypersensitive to bifunctional alkylating agents, notably mitomycin C (MMC), causing increased programmed cell death (PCD). FA cells also have abnormalities in mitochondrial function. We hypothesized that the abnormalities in PCD are mitochondrially mediated. We examined mitochondrial function in FA cells, comparing ...
Hur Yun-Gyoung - - 2004
Apoptosis is one way of controlling immune responses, and a variety of immunosuppressive drugs suppress harmful immune responses by inducing apoptosis of lymphocytes. In this study we observed that rosmarinic acid, a secondary metabolite of herbal plants, induced apoptosis in an p56(lck) (Lck)-dependent manner; Lck(+) Jurkat T cells undergo apoptosis ...
Straszewski-Chavez Shawn L - - 2004
Apoptosis occurs in the placenta throughout gestation, with a greater frequency near term in comparison to the first trimester. The Fas/FasL system represents one of the main apoptotic pathways controlling placental apoptosis. Although first trimester trophoblast cells express both Fas and FasL, they are resistant to Fas-induced apoptosis. Therefore, trophoblast ...
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