Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1373
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Dimberg Lina Y - - 2005
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an as-yet incurable B-cell malignancy. Increased survival in vitro is a hallmark of MM cells, implying that a therapeutic potential may lie in circumventing antiapoptotic signals. We have previously reported that interferons (IFNs) sensitize MM cells to Fas/CD95-mediated apoptosis. In the present study, we explore the ...
Wang Jun - - 2005
Cumulative evidences suggested that electroacupuncture (EA) could modulate immune function, but the mechanism needs further study. In the present study, the effect of EA on surgical trauma stress-induced lymphocyte apoptosis was investigated by using DNA gel electrophoresis, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay, and Western blot for Fas ...
Jain John K - - 2005
Contraceptive microbicides formulated as vaginal gels offer the possibility of women-controlled contraception and prevention of HIV infection. The effects of these gels on the upper reproductive tract are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether nonoxynol-9 (N-9) induces apoptosis in human endometrium using endometrial explant as ...
Medan Djordje - - 2005
Although reactive oxygen species (ROS) have long been suspected to play a key role in Fas (CD95)-induced cell death, the identity of specific ROS involved in this process and the relationship between apoptotic and necrotic cell death induced by Fas are largely unknown. Using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy, we ...
Miura Naoko - - 2005
Recent studies have suggested that Fas-mediated apoptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of intestinal injury. In this study, we determined the role of Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) interactions in different T cell compartments using a murine model of small intestinal injury. An intraperitoneal injection of 145-2C11 (anti-CD3) antibody into C3H/HeN, BALB/c ...
Chen Bohua - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Seventy surgically obtained intervertebral discs from 9 patients with idiopathic and 7 patients with neuromuscular scoliosis were analyzed for the regional distribution of apoptosis. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of apoptotic mechanisms in scoliotic discs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The reasons for the development of scoliosis are complex ...
Frassanito M A - - 2005
Ras activation (by point mutation or binding of IL-6) is frequently observed in multiple myeloma (MM). As farnesylation of Ras protein by farnesyltransferase is a critical step for Ras functional activity, farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTI) have emerged as potential anti-cancer agents. Manumycin, a natural FTI, prevents proliferation and induces apoptosis of ...
Hauptschein Robert S - - 2005
Apoptotic evasion is a hallmark of cancer and its resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. Identification of cellular proteins that mediate apoptotic programs is a critical step toward the development of therapeutics aimed at overcoming apoptosis resistance. We developed an innovative high-throughput screen to identify proteins that modulate Fas ligand-mediated apoptosis using ...
Raoul Cedric - - 2005
Fas-induced death of motoneurons in vitro has been shown to involve two signaling cascades that act together to execute the death program: a Fas-Daxx-ASK-1-p38 kinase-nNOS branch, which controls transcriptional and post-translational events, and the second classical Fas-FADD-caspase-8 branch. To analyze the role of Daxx in the developmental motoneuron cell death, ...
Ping Li - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of Fas and CD40 in the molecular mechanism of salivary epithelial cell death in Sjogren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: The expression of Fas and CD40 in SS salivary epithelial cells was analyzed by flow cytometry. Induction of apoptosis with anti-Fas and/or anti-CD40 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) was ...
Meng Yuru - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Alterations in the expression of Fas have been demonstrated in various cancers as a mechanism for tumor cells to escape from immune surveillance. In this study, we observed the effect of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) on Fas expression and function in ovarian cancer cells. METHODS: Ovarian cancer cell lines were ...
Lombardi V R M - - 2005
Several factors may influence numbers and function of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) by different processes. We conducted this study to evaluate the effect of E-CAB-94011 and E-JUR-94013, two marine fish extracts from S. scombrus and T. trachurus, respectively, on in vitro PBLs activation and on the expression and functionality of ...
Claessens Yann-Erick - - 2005
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are characterized by peripheral blood cytopenia including anemia. We have investigated the implication of the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis in MDS-ineffective erythropoiesis by in vitro expansion of erythroid precursors from early stage (low and intermediate-1 International Prognosis Scoring System [IPSS]) MDS, advanced stage (intermediate-2 IPSS) MDS, and ...
Ben-David Hava - - 2005
The myasthenogenic peptides p195-212 and p259-271 are sequences of the human acetylcholine receptor and were shown to induce myasthenia gravis-associated immune responses in mice. A dual altered peptide ligand (APL) composed of the two APLs of the myasthenogenic peptides inhibited, in vitro and in vivo, those responses. The aims of ...
Meng Yuru - - 2005
Conflicting reports exist on the effect of actin depolymerization in anti-Fas-induced apoptosis. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) has been found to inhibit apoptosis in variable cell types. In this study, we evaluated LPA's protective effects on anti-Fas-induced apoptosis enhanced by actin depolymerization and possible mechanisms in epithelial ovarian cancer. OVCAR3 cells were ...
Gajate Consuelo - - 2005
While investigating the mechanism of action of the novel antitumor drug Aplidin, we have discovered a potent and novel cell-killing mechanism that involves the formation of Fas/CD95-driven scaffolds in membrane raft clusters housing death receptors and apoptosis-related molecules. Fas, tumor necrosis factor-receptor 1, and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor ...
Sun Chun-Ling - - 2005
This work reports the involvement of damaged DNA-binding protein 2 (DDB2), a component involved in the genomic repair of UV damage, in the cross-resistance of cisplatin-selected cell lines to death ligand-mediated apoptosis. The cisplatin-resistant cell line (HR3) exhibits enhanced expression of DDB2 and cross-resistance to UV-induced activation of apoptosis and ...
Ziemba Stamatina E - - 2005
Genetically susceptible rodents exposed to low burdens of inorganic mercury (Hg2+) develop autoimmune disease. Previous studies have shown that low, noncytotoxic levels of Hg2+ inhibit Fas-mediated apoptosis in T cells. These results suggest that inhibition of the Fas death receptor pathway potentially contributes to autoimmune disease after Hg2+ exposure, as ...
Song Yahui - - 2005
Mouse TOSO, the homologue of human TOSO gene, was cloned and characterized in the present study. Using immunofluorescence confocal microscopy we localized TOSO to the cytoplasmic membrane of expressing cells. Using stably transfected mouse TOSO (mTOSO)-expressing Jurkat cells, we show that TOSO protects cells from Fas/Fas ligand- and tumor necrosis ...
Clemons Nicholas J - - 2005
Heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72) inhibits apoptosis induced by some stresses that trigger the intrinsic apoptosis pathway. However, with the exception of TNFalpha-induced apoptosis, a role for Hsp72 in modulating the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis has not been clearly established. In this study, it was demonstrated that Hsp72 could inhibit ...
Shankar Bhavani - - 2005
Low doses of ionizing radiation (LDR) are reported to induce transient changes in mouse lymphocytes, such as enhanced response to polyclonal T cell mitogens, increased expression of heat shock proteins, and p53. We evaluated the role of cell cycle proteins and apoptosis in lymphocytes of C57BL/6 mice exposed to 20 ...
Ogier Crystel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) is a multifunctional secreted protein with pleiotropic actions, including the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), cell death/survival and growth promoting activities. After inflammatory challenge, the levels of TIMP-1 are highly and selectively upregulated in astrocytes among glial cells, but little is know about its ...
Suzuki T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that apoptosis-related factors are involved in the inflammatory processes of marginal periodontal lesions. However, the role of apoptosis in periapical inflammatory lesions remains unclear. We investigated the possible role of apoptotic cell death in periapical inflammatory lesions by means of immunohistochemical analysis of apoptosis-related factors and ...
Yokota Aya - - 2005
Using a panel of transfectant B lymphoma cells expressing varying amounts of the mutant Fas together with the endogenous wild type Fas, semi-quantitative studies on the dominant negative effect of a murine mutant Fas molecule lacking death domain were carried out. In anti-Fas antibody-mediated induction of apoptosis, the mutant molecules ...
Fujiwara T - - 2005
We examined the response of T lymphocytes activated with specific alloantigens following Fas-mediated apoptosis; using a mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) system. Cells obtained from an MLC after 6 or 7 days of culture were incubated for are additional 24 hours in the presence or absence of the agonistic monoclonal antibody ...
Neale Donna M - - 2005
It has become clear in recent years that apoptosis is a normal process in trophoblast turnover during pregnancy. Increased trophoblast apoptosis has been observed in the placenta of women with preeclampsia, serum from women with preeclampsia has been found to induce increased trophoblast sensitivity to Fas-mediated apoptosis, and serum from ...
Matalova E - - 2005
Fas (CD95/APO-1) belongs to the TNF receptor (TNFR) family. Fas ligand binding followed by Fas-receptor oligomerisation leads to formation of a death-inducing signal complex starting with recruitment of the Fas-adapter protein (FADD). Components of this initiation complex (Fas, Fas-L, FADD) were correlated with apoptotic cells, detected by specific DNA fragmentation ...
Valledor Annabel F - - 2004
Microbe-macrophage interactions play a central role in the pathogenesis of many infections. The ability of some bacterial pathogens to induce macrophage apoptosis has been suggested to contribute to their ability to elude innate immune responses and successfully colonize the host. Here, we provide evidence that activation of liver X receptors ...
Gómez-Lechón M J - - 2004
FK506 is a potent immunosuppressive drug used for the prevention of graft rejection in organ transplantation. Experimental and clinical studies have shown correlations between apoptosis and graft rejection, and apoptosis also plays a role in cell death after ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat liver. Fas-mediated apoptosis is very likely involved ...
Nolte Florian - - 2004
Depolarisation of the plasma membrane has been shown to be actively regulated during lymphocyte-apoptosis. Here, we present data about anti-Fas and As2O3 induced depolarisation of myeloid U-937 cells. Anti-Fas but not As2O3-induced depolarisation was significantly dependent on caspase-activation. Na+-fluxes contributed to the depolarisation in early stages of As2O3-induced apoptosis, whereas ...
Inaba Hiroto - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the third most frequent neoplasm in adolescents. Although chemotherapy, frequently used in pre- and post-operative settings, has resulted in significant improvement in disease-free survival, some patients show little sensitivity to chemotherapy and alternative therapeutic strategies are needed. Because the Fas ligand/Fas receptor (CD95, APO-1) apoptosis pathway is ...
Stulnig Thomas M - - 2004
In recent years the potential application of the immunomodulatory effects of polyunsaturated FA (PUFA), particularly those of the n-3 series, in a variety of inflammatory disorders has been of considerable interest. However, the mechanisms underlying inhibition of T-cell activation have so far been unclear. In this short review we summarize ...
Mezosi Emese - - 2005
Fas-mediated apoptosis has been proposed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Normal thyroid cells are resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis in vitro but can be sensitized by the unique combination of interferon-gamma and IL-1beta cytokines. We sought to examine the mechanism of this sensitization and apoptosis ...
Andreu-Vieyra Claudia V - - 2005
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, can occur via death receptor or mitochondrial pathways. Normal spermatogenesis in mammals involves apoptosis mediated, in part, by the death receptor fas and its ligand. The regulation of programmed cell death in the gonads has been shown to be dependent on a number of locally ...
Park Kyung-Tae - - 2005
Liver homeostasis is achieved by the removal of diseased and damaged hepatocytes and their coordinated replacement to maintain a constant liver cell mass. Cirrhosis, viral hepatitis, and toxic drug effects can all trigger apoptosis in the liver as a means of removing the unwanted cells, and the Fas "death receptor" ...
Kuo Po-Lin PL Department of Biotechnology, Chia-Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, Taiwan, - - 2005
Ellipticine, a cytotoxic plant alkaloid, is known to inhibit topoisomerase II. Here, we first report the molecular mechanism of ellipticine's apoptotic action in human breast MCF-7 cancer cells. Treatment of cells with ellipticine resulted in inhibition of growth, and G2/M phase arrest of the cell cycle. This effect was associated ...
Inui Yoshihiro - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: The expression of Fas ligand in the notochord or nucleus pulposus was examined immunohistochemically using rat embryos. OBJECTIVE: To clarify at which stage of embryo development the expression of Fas ligand begins in the nucleus pulposus. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The nucleus pulposus has been reported to be ...
Bellanti Joseph A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To review the current data that support the pivotal function of the gastrointestinal immune system in health and disease and its critical role in the pathogenesis of a wide variety of clinical disorders associated with food allergy (FA). DATA SOURCES: Internet-based literature search and our own data. STUDY SELECTION: ...
Jiang Jianfei - - 2004
Oxidation of phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) has been shown to play a pivotal role in signaling during cell apoptosis and subsequent recognition of apoptotic cells by phagocytes. However, the redox catalytic mechanisms involved in selective PtdSer oxidation during apoptosis remain poorly understood. Here we employed anti-Fas antibody CH-11-treated A549 cells as a ...
Liang Jun - - 2004
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), the most plentiful steroid hormone, has been convincingly known to have many biological effects and diverse influence in various types of cells, tissues and organs. The effects of DHEA on the humoral and cellular immune response are widely tested, but it is unclear whether DHEA itself serves as ...
Kogianni G - - 2004
Prolonged use of glucocorticoids is associated with decreased bone formation, increased resorption and osteonecrosis, through direct and indirect effects on the activity and viability of bone effector cells, osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and osteocytes. This study has investigated molecular pathways implicated in Dexamethasone-induced apoptosis of osteocytes, using a cell line and ...
Qin Hui-Yu - - 2004
Immunization with mycobacterial preparation such as Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) or complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) prevents the onset and recurrence of type 1 diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. In this study, we explored the mechanism underlying the down-regulation of diabetogenic T cells by BCG treatment. We found that the potential ...
Curnow S John - - 2004
A fundamental mechanism of immune privilege in the eye is the induction of T lymphocyte apoptosis. Intraocular inflammation in uveitis implies compromise of immune privilege. This study sought to determine whether apoptosis of T cells is actively inhibited in patients with uveitis and by what pathways this may occur. Apoptotic ...
Graham Ernest M - - 2004
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) upregulates Fas death receptor expression in the brain, and alterations in expression and activity of Fas signaling intermediates occur in neonatal brain injury. B6.MRL-Tnfrsf6(lpr) mice lacking functional Fas death receptors are protected from HI brain damage in cortex, striatum, and thalamus compared to wild-type mice. Expression of ...
Lenda Deborah M - - 2004
Inflammation in the kidney and other tissues (lung, and salivary and lacrimal glands) is characteristic of MRL-Fas(lpr) mice with features of lupus. Macrophages (Mphi) are prominent in these tissues. Given that 1) Mphi survival, recruitment, proliferation, and activation during inflammation is dependent on CSF-1, 2) Mphi mediate renal resident cell ...
Hsu Ya-Ling - - 2004
Ursolic acid (UA) is a pentacyclic triterpene compound isolated from many types of medicinal plants and is present in human diet. It has been reported to possess a wide range of pharmacological properties, and is one of the most promising chemopreventive agents for cancer. Here, we report that UA inhibits ...
Perabo Frank G E - - 2004
Pro- and anti-apoptotic factors and intracellular signaling pathways are targets for therapeutic development of anticancer agents. Carboxyamido-triazole (CAI) is an inhibitor of transmembrane calcium influx and intracellular calcium-requiring signal transduction pathways. The present study investigates the effects of CAI on human transitional cancer cell (TCC) viability and apoptosis, and evaluates ...
Ishimatsu Yuji - - 2004
We previously reported that long-term administration of macrolides (MCL) reduced the number of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with chronic lower respiratory tract disease. To investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of macrolides, we evaluated their effect on apoptosis of lymphocytes isolated from human peripheral blood. Lymphocytes treated with ...
Sharov Andrei A - - 2004
Chemotherapeutic agents induce p53-dependent apoptosis in the hair follicle (HF) resulting in hair loss, a common side effect of cancer therapy. Here, we show that Fas as a p53 target plays important role in the HF response to cyclophosphamide. Specifically, we demonstrate that Fas is up-regulated in HF keratinocytes after ...
Mizunoe Syunji - - 2004
To evaluate the anti-inflammatory action of macrolide antibiotics, we examined whether macrolide antibiotics could induce apoptosis of activated lymphocytes. The proportion of apoptotic cells was augmented by clarithromycin (CLR) and azithromycin (AZM) compared with control. There was no significant difference in Fas and Fas-ligand expression between the control and macrolide-treated ...
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