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Results 301 - 350 of 1372
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Balasubramanian Anuradha - - 2005
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with inflammation of liver endothelium, which contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis. The mechanism of this endothelitis is not understood, since the virus does not appear to infect endothelial cells productively. Here, an 'innocent bystander' mechanism related to HCV proteins was hypothesized ...
Zandieh Tahereh - - 2005
Apoptosis, or active cell death, is a specific mode of cell death, which is characterized by morphological changes such as chromatin condensation, fragmentation of the nucleus, cytoplasmic retraction and appearance of apoptotic bodies' containing apparently intact organelles. Apoptosis occurs in physiological conditions as a regulatory mechanism of tissue growth, where ...
Perl Mario - - 2005
Apoptosis and inflammation play an important role in the pathogenesis of direct/pulmonary acute lung injury (ALI). However, the role of the Fas receptor-driven apoptotic pathway in indirect/nonpulmonary ALI is virtually unstudied. We hypothesized that if Fas or caspase-8 plays a role in the induction of indirect ALI, their local silencing ...
Heimlich Gerd - - 2006
Apoptosis is a genetic program for the removal of unwanted cells from an organism, which is distinct from necrosis by its characteristic volume loss or apoptotic volume decrease. This cell shrinkage is the result of ion redistribution that is crucial for both the activation and execution of apoptosis. Here we ...
Danforth David N - - 2005
The membrane receptor Fas (Apo-1/CD95) is an important initiator of programmed cell death induced by anti-Fas antibody or Fas ligand. MCF-7 human breast cancer cells have low levels of Fas receptor (FasR) and are resistant to anti-FasR antibody mediated apoptosis, however two naturally occurring substances, interferon and all-trans retinoic acid ...
Kuo Po-Lin - - 2005
The survival of osteoblast cells is one of the determinants of the development of osteoporosis in patients with inflamed synovium, such as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). By means of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteocalcin ELISA assay, I have shown that myricetin exhibits a significant induction of differentiation in the ...
Kamei Takahiko - - 2005
The Fas/FasL signalling system plays an important role in chemotherapy-induced apoptosis in several different cell types. After interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) treatment, we have previously reported a significant increase in Fas expression in oral malignant melanoma cell lines (MMN9, PMP, MAA, HMG) in vitro, and combination therapy using IFN-gamma and anti-Fas antibody ...
Fais S - - 2005
The acquisition of a cell polarity is a crucial requirement for a number of cellular functions, including apoptosis. Cell polarization is an actin cytoskeleton-driven process, through a connection between actin and an increasing number of membrane proteins. The major actors in this connection are ezrin, radixin and moesin, a family ...
Stoicov Calin - - 2005
Escape from normal apoptotic controls is thought to be essential for the development of cancer. During Helicobacter pylori infection, the leading cause of gastric cancer, activation of the Fas antigen (Fas Ag) apoptotic pathway is responsible for early atrophy and tissue loss. As disease progresses, metaplastic and dysplastic glands arise ...
Nanbo Asuka - - 2005
Our recent findings demonstrated that the Epstein-Barr virus-encoding small nonpolyadenylated RNA (EBER) confers resistance to various apoptotic stimuli and contributes to the maintenance of malignant phenotypes in Burkitt's lymphoma. In this study we investigated the role of EBER in the human epithelial Intestine 407 cell line, which is known to ...
Mandal Debabrata - - 2005
Apoptosis and erythrocyte senescence share the common feature of exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) in the outer leaflet of the cells. Western analysis showed that mature red cells contain Fas, FasL, Fas-associated death domain (FADD), caspase 8, and caspase 3. Circulating, aged cells showed colocalization of Fas with the raft marker ...
de Meis Juliana - - 2006
It is currently accepted that experimental acute infection by Trypanosoma cruzi promotes changes in secondary lymphoid organs, with general T and B lymphocyte polyclonal activation. Here we show that mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) of acutely infected mice show severe atrophy due to extensive lymphocyte apoptosis. Accordingly, clusters of apoptotic cells ...
Peng S L - - 2006
Abnormal proliferation and/or persistence of synoviocytes and inflammatory cells has long been described in inflammatory arthritis conditions, but only relatively recently has substantial attention been drawn to the relevance of abnormal apoptotic processes in disease pathogenesis and treatment. This review summarizes a current understanding of the Fas (CD95)-Fas ligand (CD178) ...
Pierdominici Marina - - 2005
Pyrimethamine (2,4-diamino-5-p-chlorophenyl-6-ethyl-pyrimidine), a folic acid antagonist, may exert, in addition to antiprotozoan effects, immunomodulating activities, including induction of peripheral blood lymphocyte apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this proapoptotic activity remain to be elucidated. Here we show that pyrimethamine, used at a pharmacologically relevant concentration, induced per se apoptosis of ...
Hashimoto Muneaki - - 2005
To determine the molecular mechanism by which apoptosis is inhibited in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected host cells, we used human cDNA apoptosis chips to compare the gene expression profiles in response with 'death ligands target' (Fas) stimulation in infected and uninfected cells. Of the 164 apoptosis-related genes examined, 20, including those encoding ...
Sarang Zsolt - - 2005
Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) is a protein cross-linking enzyme known to be expressed by hepatocytes and to be induced during the in vivo hepatic apoptosis program. TG2 is also a G protein that mediates intracellular signaling by the alpha-1b-adrenergic receptor (AR) in liver cells. Fas/Fas ligand interaction plays a crucial role ...
Jayaraman Thottala - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are a major public health problem in the United States, few etiological factors are known. Most aneurysms remain asymptomatic until they rupture, producing subarachnoid hemorrhage, one of the most severe forms of stroke. Despite the technical advances in endovascular and microsurgical treatment, these patients still ...
Klenk Michael - - 2005
The bacterial human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococci, GAS) is able to adhere to, internalize into and cross-talk on multiple levels with its host cells. To gain insight into the Fas function in pathogenesis we used Affymetrix human genome DNA-arrays to measure temporal and global transcriptional responses of HEp-2 ...
Perabo Frank G E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Superantigens are among the most potent T-cell mitogens known. Since T-cell activation and T-cell-derived cytokines play a role in the immune response associated with intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) application, this study was initiated to explore the fundamental aspects of a potential new immunomodulatory therapy for superficial bladder cancer. Since ...
Viera Ninoska T - - 2005
Increased apoptosis has been reported in acute puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis (PAN). The aim of this study was to investigate if increased apoptosis is related to increased expression of apoptosis-associated proteins (AAP) in this model of nephrosis. Sprague-Dawley rats were made nephrotic by intraperitoneal injection of one dose of puromycin aminonucleoside. ...
Rivkin Alexander Z - - 2005
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is a critical regulatory mechanism involved in the function, homeostasis and stimulus response of many organ systems. In the middle ear, apoptosis could participate in mucosal remodeling or leukocyte clearance during otitis media (OM). Fas is a death receptor that can contribute to apoptosis in ...
Landau Anne M - - 2005
Fas (CD95), a member of the tumor necrosis factor-receptor superfamily, has been studied extensively as a death-inducing receptor in the immune system. However, Fas is also widely expressed in a number of other tissues, including in neurons. Here, we report that defects in the Fas/Fas ligand system unexpectedly render mice ...
Fischer Barbara - - 2005
We have previously shown that ionizing radiation-induced apoptosis in human lymphoblastoid cells differs according to their p53 status, and that caspase 8-mediated cleavage of BID is involved in the p53-dependent pathway. In the present study, we investigated the role of Fas signaling in caspase 8 activation induced by fast neutrons ...
Chor S Y - - 2005
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) play a central role in hepatic fibrosis and compounds that promote apoptosis in HSC may have anti-fibrotic potentials. Herbal medicine has long been used in chronic liver disease but there is little scientific evidence for their actions. The present study investigated the effects of 14 commonly ...
Pei Huiping - - 2005
ETS1, the founding member of Ets transcriptional factor family, plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation, lymphoid cell development, transformation, angiogenesis, and apoptosis. Previous work has shown that ETS1 represses tumorigenicity of colon carcinoma cells in vivo, and that the p42-ETS1 protein bypasses a defect in apoptosis in colon ...
Adams David H - - 2005
The biliary epithelium provides a physical barrier to ascending infection from the gastrointestinal tract and is also involved in actively regulating the immune response to invading pathogens. Cholangiocytes secrete chemokines and express adhesion molecules that attract effector leukocytes and promote the clearance of infected cells. However in the context of ...
Legembre Patrick - - 2005
Fas triggers apoptosis via the caspase cascade when bound to its ligand FasL. In type I cells, Fas is concentrated into the plasma membrane lipid rafts, and these domains are required for the apoptotic signal to occur. In contrast, Fas is excluded from the microdomains in type II cells. We ...
Inaba Hiroto - - 2005
Programmed cell death, or apoptosis, is a physiological means of eliminating unwanted cells and maintaining immune homeostasis. One of the primary mechanisms is the Fas (CD95)/Fas ligand system. Its inactivation in normal cells and malignant cells may be involved in malignant trans-formation and refractory clinical course, respectively. We established a ...
Hou Wei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Interferon(IFN) with antiviral and immunomodulatory activities is one of the most important therapeutic agents for the treatment of chronic hepatitis. The apoptotic effect of IFN is influenced by cell type and the types of IFN, which suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis in some cell types while inhibiting apoptosis in ...
Sharma Rahul - - 2005
Introducing lpr mutation prevents early mortality associated with IL-2Ralpha knockout (KO) mice, prompting us to determine the role of Fas in the immune system biology of IL-2Ralpha KO mice. Consistent with a defect in CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cell expression, spontaneous lymphocyte activation in lymphoid organs was observed in 6-wk-old ...
van der Woude C J - - 2005
Chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) is associated with increased risk of developing colon cancer through a dysplasia (intraepithelial neoplasia)-carcinoma sequence. To investigate the expression of apoptosis and inflammatory related proteins in CUC. The expression of proteins involved in apoptosis and inflammation (inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), Bcl-xl, Fas, ...
Song Tuzz-Ying - - 2005
The objective of this study was to investigate the antiproliferative effect and the mechanism of the methanol extracts of mycelia (MEM) form Antrodia camphorata in submerged culture toward HepG2 cells. The results showed that MEM-induced cell apoptosis involved up-regulation of Fas and down-regulation of Bcl-2, DR3, DR4, TNFRI, and TNFRII ...
Miyaji Michihiko - - 2005
Engagement of the Fas receptor (CD95) initiates multiple signaling pathways that lead to apoptosis, such as the formation of death-inducing signaling complex (DISC), activation of caspase cascades, and the generation of the lipid messenger, ceramide. Sphingomyelin (SM) is a major component of lipid rafts, which are specialized structures that enhance ...
Vondrácek Jan - - 2006
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a widely used prototypical chemical inducer of cell differentiation. In the present study, the effects of DMSO on susceptibility of human myeloid leukemia U937 cells towards ligation of distinct death receptors (DRs) were investigated. DMSO sensitized cells towards induction of apoptosis by anti-Fas antibody, tumour necrosis ...
Allison Janette - - 2005
In type 1 diabetes, many effector mechanisms damage the beta cell, a key one being perforin/granzyme B production by CD8(+) T cells. The death receptor pathway has also been implicated in beta cell death, and we have therefore generated NOD mice that express a dominant-negative form of the Fas-associated death ...
Jeon Yoon Kyung - - 2005
Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL), nasal type, is a highly aggressive neoplasm and is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). In this study, we demonstrate that EBV-positive NKTL cell lines, namely, Hank-1, NK-YS, and NK-L, are resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis induced by anti-Fas antibodies despite high levels of Fas surface expression ...
Wu Qiu-Liang - - 2005
AIM: To verify whether P-glycoprotein (P-gp) could induce cell resistance to apoptosis by inhibiting caspase-8 and caspase-3. METHODS: Human KB cells, either drug-sensitive or with multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype caused by overexpression of P-gp (KBv200 cells), were treated with anti-Fas (CH-11 monoclonal antibody) to induce apoptosis. Cytotoxicity was detected by ...
Verbsky John - - 2005
The overexpression of inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate 5/6-kinase has recently been shown to protect HEK293 cells from tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF(alpha))-induced apoptosis. This overexpression leads to an increase in the levels of both inositol 1,3,4,5,6-pentakisphosphate (InsP5) and inositol 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexakisphosphate (InsP6). Cells that overexpress InsP5 2-kinase have increased levels of InsP6 and ...
Xia Shuli - - 2005
A prominent feature of glioblastoma is its resistance to death from Fas pathway activation. In this study, we explored the modulation of Fas-induced glioblastoma death with chemotherapeutic agents. Camptothecin significantly increased the glioblastoma cell death response to Fas receptor activation regardless of p53 status. Sublethal concentrations of camptothecin reduced the ...
Liu Yun - - 2005
Programmed cell death (PCD), best exemplified by apoptosis, is a genetically programmed process of cellular destruction that is indispensable for normal development and homeostasis of multicellular organisms. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) and related cytokines are employed by host defenses to eliminate virally infected cells through induction of apoptosis. Many ...
Tanaka Tetsuji - - 2005
Decreased numbers of eutopic endometrial apoptotic cells have been reported in endometriotic patients, indicating the possibility of anti-apoptotic effects of their sera. Recently, we reported that the sera from endometriotic patients enhance endometrial stromal cell proliferation and viability, and that Keishi-bukuryo-gan therapy, an anti-endometriotic Japanese herbal medicine, reduces anti-apoptotic activities ...
Kim Ki-Won - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Immunohistochemistry and in situ nick end-labeling (TUNEL) were performed in rat lumbar intervertebral discs. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the mechanism of notochordal cell death in the nucleus pulposus (NP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: With age, notochordal cells gradually disappear in the NP. We hypothesized that this phenomenon might be ...
Lee J-K - - 2005
CD40, a member of the TNF receptor superfamily, is expressed on B cells, dendritic cells, and some tumor cells, including melanoma and bladder carcinoma. In this study, we report that both mouse and human renal carcinoma cells (RCC) also constitutively express functional CD40. Treatment of mouse RCC with CD40L induced ...
Bank Micha I - - 2005
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is characterized by an accumulation of dendritic Langerhans cells in granulomatous lesions in various organs. The etiology of LCH remains enigmatic. Fas/APO-1/CD95 belongs to the "death receptor" family of apoptosis regulators and has been implicated in the downregulation of immune responses. The authors examined the expression ...
Manna Partha P - - 2005
Fas (CD95) mediates apoptosis of many cell types, but the susceptibility of cells to killing by Fas ligand and anti-Fas antibodies is highly variable. Jurkat T cells lacking CD47 (integrin-associated protein) are relatively resistant to Fas-mediated death but are efficiently killed by Fas ligand or anti-Fas IgM (CH11) upon expression ...
Chun Kyung-Hee - - 2005
Retinoids have shown promise in cancer prevention and therapy. As some retinoids exhibit undesirable side effects, new retinoid analogs have been synthesized. In this study, we examined the effects of the retinoid MX3350-1 on human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines. MX3350-1 suppressed the growth of 7/8 ...
ImirzaliońĚlu P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epithelial cell hyperplasia and significant increase in thickness of the overlying orthokeratin layer are characteristic findings noted in the oral cavity of subjects who smoke. Increased proliferation of epithelial cells or defective apoptosis may play a role in the development of epithelial hyperplasia. Thus we analyzed soluble Fas and ...
Hougardy Brigitte M T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Binding of Fas ligand or agonistic anti-Fas antibody to the death receptor Fas can activate a caspase-cascade resulting in apoptosis. In the present study, the functionality of the Fas pathway was studied in human cervical cancer cells with different HPV and p53 status. METHODS: HeLa (HPV-18 positive), CaSki, and ...
Williams K A - - 2005
Constitutive expression of Fas ligand (CD95L) protects the eye against cell mediated immune responses by inducing apoptosis in infiltrating Fas bearing T cells. This study was designed to examine Fas ligand expression on acutely rejecting rat corneal grafts and to investigate the kinetics of induction of apoptosis in infiltrating leucocytes. ...
Dimberg Lina Y - - 2005
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an as-yet incurable B-cell malignancy. Increased survival in vitro is a hallmark of MM cells, implying that a therapeutic potential may lie in circumventing antiapoptotic signals. We have previously reported that interferons (IFNs) sensitize MM cells to Fas/CD95-mediated apoptosis. In the present study, we explore the ...
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