Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1375
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Maedler Kathrin - - 2006
High glucose concentrations have a dual effect on beta-cell turnover, inducing proliferation in the short-term and apoptosis in the long-term. Hyperglycemia leads to beta-cell production of interleuking (IL)-1beta in human pancreatic islets. Fas, a death receptor regulated by IL-1beta, is involved in glucose-induced beta-cell apoptosis. Fas engagement can be switched ...
Delgado L - - 2006
AIMS: Silicosis is a chronic occupational disease caused by the inhalation of free crystalline silica particles which produce inflammation and tissue destruction followed by remodelling of the extracellular matrix. Apoptosis has been implicated in the development of the initial inflammation that triggers the remodelling process. Our aim was to elucidate ...
Kim Hae Jung - - 2006
CD43 (sialophorin, leukosialin) is a heavily sialylated surface protein expressed on most leukocytes and platelets including T cells. Although CD43 antigen is known to have multiple and complex structure, exact function of CD43 in each cell type is not completely understood. Here we evaluated the role of CD43 in Fas ...
Milani Monica - - 2006
C57Bl6 mice (B6 mice) immunized with Torpedo acetylcholine receptor (TAChR) in Freund's adjuvants (FA) develop Experimental Autoimmune Myasthenia Gravis (EAMG). In mouse EAMG Th2 cytokines may be protective. Aluminum hydroxide (Alum) was used to immunize B6 mice to the TAChR and prime CD4+ T and B cells secreting Th2 cytokines. ...
Samadi Leili - - 2006
Programmed cell death (PCD), now known as apoptosis, is accompanied by specific morphological features. In this study, fusaric acid, a fusarium mycotoxin, was used to examine cell death in saffron (Crocus sativus Linnaeus) roots, using several apoptosis assays. Our results show that moderate FA doses (50-100 microM) induce apoptotic features ...
Laxman Dubey; Tongji Hospital, ...
BACKGROUND: Atorvastatin has been shown to be cardioprotective in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Inhibition of Fas expression prevents I/R induced apoptosis. However, the influence of atorvastatin on Fas expression in I/R injury was not studied. Therefore, we designed this study to see the influence of atorvastatin on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and Fas ...
Piechocki Marie P - - 2006
Understanding the role of signal transduction in regulating pathways responsible for cell growth, survival and apoptosis is critical for cancer therapy. We developed and characterized a HER2/neu and Fas overexpressing cell line (BNT.888 ACA2) from a salivary gland adenocarcinoma that arose in a HER2/neu transgenic mouse. We evaluated the effects ...
Cheung Charles Y CY Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0424, - - 2006
Pancreatic islet encapsulation into synthetic, passive material matrixes can provide protection for transplanted islets from destruction via cell-contacted mediated interactions with autoreactive immune cells for treatment of Type I diabetes mellitus. However, one of the fundamental deficiencies with current encapsulation technology is that passive material barriers cannot protect islets from ...
Mitsiades Constantine S - - 2006
PURPOSE: The death receptor Fas is present in thyroid carcinomas, yet fails to trigger apoptosis. Interestingly, Fas has been reported to be actually overexpressed in papillary thyroid carcinomas, suggesting that it may confer a survival advantage. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We investigated the expression and activation status of Fas pathway mediators in ...
Beauregard Clay C Schepens Eye Research Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2006
Murine models of high-risk and low-risk corneal transplantation were used to determine the role of keratocyte apoptosis in the failure of orthotopic allogeneic corneal transplants. Normal (low-risk, low-rejecting) and inflamed/vascularized (high-risk, high-rejecting) BALB/c recipient beds received fully mismatched C57BL/6 corneal allografts. Apoptosis was detected in the corneal stroma at various ...
Teachey David T - - 2006
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a disorder of abnormal lymphocyte survival caused by defective Fas-mediated apoptosis, leading to lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, and an increased number of double-negative T cells (DNTs). Treatment options for patients with ALPS are limited. Rapamycin has been shown to induce apoptosis in normal and malignant lymphocytes. Since ...
Koshika T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether FK506 (tacrolimus) can inhibit Fas- or A23187-induced interleukin (IL)-8 expression and cell death in A549 human alveolar epithelial cells, plus Fas-mediated acute lung injury in vivo. METHODS: Assays for IL-8, cell death, and caspase-3 activity were performed. A549 cells were treated with 25 micromol A23187 or ...
Harada Kenichi - - 2006
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is histologically characterized by chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis (CNSDC) and the progressive loss of intrahepatic small bile ducts. Cellular immune mechanisms involving T-cell reaction are thought to be significantly involved in the formation of CNSDC and bile duct loss. In inflamed portal tracts of PBC, CD4+ ...
Chen Chien-An - - 2006
Integrin is the major adhesion molecule for the attachment of podocytes to the glomerular basement membrane, and integrins have been shown to play a major role in the regulation of cell survival. In this study, the authors investigated the apoptosis and its related signal pathways to integrin in cultured rat ...
Rosner Dalya - - 2006
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis occurs in advanced atherosclerotic plaques where it may contribute to plaque instability. VSMCs express the death receptor Fas but are relatively resistant to Fas-induced apoptosis due in part to the intracellular sequestration of Fas. Although inflammatory cytokines such as interferon (IFN)-gamma present in plaques ...
Kim W-U - - 2006
Inadequate apoptosis may contribute to the synovial hyperplasia associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD)-like interleukin (IL)-1beta-converting enzyme (FLICE)-inhibitory protein (FLIP), which is an apoptotic inhibitor, has been implicated in the resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis of synoviocytes. This study investigated whether hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), an anti-rheumatic drug, ...
de Lima Thais Martins - - 2006
Modulation of macrophage functions by fatty acids (FA) has been studied by several groups, but the effect of FA on nitric oxide production by macrophages has been poorly examined. In the present study the effect of palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, arachidonic, docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acids on NF-kappaB activity and NO ...
Walker David G - - 2006
We used immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry to assess apoptosis in human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Our immunohistochemical study revealed apoptosis of glioma cells expressing glial fibrillary acidic protein and of CD3(+) T cells infiltrating GBM. To quantify and phenotype the apoptotic T cells, we performed flow cytometry on lymphocytes separated from ...
Otsuki Takemi - - 2006
Persons with silicosis have not only respiratory disorders but also autoimmune diseases. To clarify the mechanisms involved in the dysregulation of autoimmunity found in patients with silicosis, we have been focusing on Fas and Fas-related molecules in the Fas-mediated apoptotic pathway, because Fas is one of the most important molecules ...
Hirota Naotoshi - - 2006
To assess the mechanism of beta-cell lipotoxicity in comparison with Fas-mediated cell death, we used a mouse beta-cell clone stably transfected with human Fas. Palmitate induced beta-cell death in correlation with medium glucose levels between 5 and 20 mmol/l, while Fas-mediated cytotoxicity was observed irrespective of glucose concentration. At the ...
Tong Jiankun - - 2006
Persistent airway inflammation, mucus production, and airway hyperreactivity are the major contributors to the frequency and severity of asthma. Why lung inflammation persists in asthmatics remains unclear. It has been proposed that Fas-mediated apoptosis of inflammatory cells is a fundamental mechanism involved in the resolution of eosinophilic airway inflammation. Because ...
Shen Yingnian - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Immunosuppressive agents must not only be effective in impairing the host's allo-immune response, but should also be selective in targeting only those elements of the immune system activated by the allograft. The fact that allo-activated T cells express surface protein molecules that are not typically present on resting T ...
Wang Yong-Jun - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: In vitro investigation of vertebral endplate chondrocyte apoptosis. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether Fas antibody caused apoptosis in endplate chondrocytes, and whether insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) inhibited this effect. Integrin-alpha1 and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) expression in conjunction with apoptosis was also investigated. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Binding of ...
Xu D-H - - 2006
The expression of type I membrane Fas receptors on the surface of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich) theronts and the possible association between Fas expression and theront apoptosis induced by the immune antibody was examined. Fas receptors were detected on the theront surface using fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated mouse monoclonal antibody against Fas. Fas-positive ...
Kuo Po-Lin - - 2006
The survival of osteoblast cells is one of the determinants of the development of osteoporosis in patients with inflamed synovium, such as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). By means of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteocalcin ELISA assay, we have shown that fraxetin exhibits a significant induction of differentiation in the ...
Mao Yubin - - 2006
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), a representative ROS, has been used to study the apoptosis of cancer cells to oxidative stress. In this study, we exploited the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma MGC803 cells. Exposure of cells to H(2)O(2) might cause significant viability loss and ...
Djafarzadeh R - - 2006
The resistance of tumours to immune-mediated lysis has been linked to the biology of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and specifically to the cell surface expression of MMPs by the tumour cell. The endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) exhibit diverse physiological/biological functions including the moderation of tumour growth, metastasis and apoptosis. ...
Kondo Gen - - 2006
In general, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells are relatively resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis during in vitro culture. Here, we studied the role of survival/apoptosis associated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-K)/Akt in this process. We found that both PI 3-K inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002, markedly suppressed the phosphorylation of Akt and ...
Yutaka Ogura
The regenerative response after partial hepatectomy stops suddenly when liver mass has been restored. In this resulation, arrest of hepatocyte proliferation in addition to elimination of excess hepatocytes would appear to be necessary. To determine whether excess hepatocytes are eliminated by Fas-mediated apoptosis, we examined expression of Has and Fas-ligand ...
Mielgo A - - 2006
There is growing evidence that one of the central common characteristics of tumor and inflammatory cells is their resistance to programmed cell death. This feature results in the accumulation of harmful cells, which are mostly refractory to Fas (FAS, APO-1)-mediated apoptosis. A molecule found on these cells is the transmembrane ...
Korzekwa Anna J - - 2006
We previously showed in in vivo and in vitro studies that nitric oxide (NO) is engaged in luteolysis in cattle. Nitric oxide produced locally in the bovine corpus luteum (CL) inhibits progesterone (P4) synthesis and is suggested to be a component of the luteolytic cascade induced by uterine prostaglandin (PG) ...
Wang Wei-Shu - - 2006
The ability of tumor cells to resist apoptosis triggered by immune cells results in their escape from immune surveillance of the host. A critical effector of apoptosis is the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) system that mediates the tumoricidal effects of cytotoxic T cells. Recently, in vitro cleavage of Fas expressed in ...
Hekimgil Mine - - 2006
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant disease resulting from an uncontrolled proliferation of a neoplastic plasma cell clone in the bone marrow, which might also be induced by the loss of control on apoptosis. Fas ligand (Fas-L), a member of the tumor necrosis factor family, induces apoptosis mediated via its ...
Hiramoto Kenichi - - 2006
The Fas receptor is a potentially valuable therapeutic target in cancer treatment. However, the clinical application of antibodies directed to this target is hindered by their serious side effects in vivo, including liver toxicity. One murine monoclonal antibody, mHFE7A, binds both to human Fas and murine Fas, without inducing any ...
Slot K A - - 2006
Gonadotrophins including LH have been suggested to play an important role in the etiology of epithelial ovarian cancers. The goal of the present study was to obtain more insight in the mechanism of gonadotrophin action on ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) cells. As the Fas system is known to be a ...
Riachy R - - 2006
Beta cell loss occurs at the onset of type 1 diabetes and after islet graft. It results from the dysfunction and destruction of beta cells mainly achieved by apoptosis. One of the mediators believed to be involved in beta cell apoptosis is Fas, a transmembrane cell surface receptor transducing an ...
Mollinedo Faustino - - 2006
The development of new drugs able to directly activate the apoptotic machinery in tumors is a promising approach in the treatment of cancer as it is independent of sensors and checkpoints, which are frequently mutated in cancer hampering current anti-proliferative chemotherapy. The Fas death receptor (CD95 or APO-1) conveys apoptotic ...
Oh Seon-Hee - - 2006
The protective effects of betulin (BT) against cadmium (Cd)-induced cytotoxicity have been previously reported. However, the mechanisms responsible for these protective effects are unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the mechanisms responsible for the protection of BT against Cd-induced cytotoxicity in human hepatoma cell lines. The protection of BT against Cd ...
Potter Sarah M - - 2006
Cerebral malaria (CM) kills more than 1 million children each year. Using a murine model of CM, we investigated the role of Fas-Fas ligand interactions in the neuropathogenesis of this disease. Lpr and Gld mice, deficient in Fas and Fas ligand, respectively, were protected from fatal CM, although they demonstrated ...
Porcelli Franca - - 2006
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, provides a way to remove redundant cells at the end of their lifespan and thus acts as a homeostatic mechanism, maintaining the correct number of cells in the body by balancing their production and death. In the testis, this process seemed to play a pivotal ...
Rubio C A - - 2006
Apoptosis is a physiological auto-suicidal, genetically-induced cell deletion process of senescent effete normal cells. Apoptosis guarantees genetic fidelity, minimizes phenotypic variation and eliminates genotypic alteration. The auto-destruction-induced by a cascade of caspases--results in the breakdown of normal cells and the formation of apoptotic bodies. Those bodies are rapidly phagocytized by ...
Bouizgarne B - - 2006
Fusaric acid (FA) is a toxin produced by Fusarium species. Most studies on FA have reported toxic effects (for example, alteration of cell growth, mitochondrial activity and membrane permeability) at concentrations greater than 10(-5) m. FA participates in fungal pathogenicity by decreasing plant cell viability. However, FA is also produced ...
Leroy I - - 2006
Mithramycin A (MMA, trade name Plicamycin) can facilitate TNFalpha- (Tumor Necrosis Factor) and Fas ligand-induced apoptosis. Besides, several drugs play their anticancer effect through Fas apoptotic pathway. So we investigated the effect of MMA on Fas signaling. In this study we show that MMA induces apoptosis in Fas sensitive Jurkat ...
Tsukahara Shinji - - 2006
A recent study from our research group showed that repeated exposure to low-level formaldehyde (FA) increases the production of nerve growth factor, involving the survival and maintenance of neurons, in the hippocampus of immunized mice. In the present study, we examined the effects of FA on apoptotic mechanisms regulating survival ...
Lesnikov V A - - 2006
Recent studies in a murine model show that transferrin (Tf) interferes with Fas-mediated hepatocyte death and liver failure by decreasing pro-apoptotic and increasing anti-apoptotic signals. We show here in vitro in murine and human hepatocyte cell lines and in vivo in mice that Fas-induced apoptosis is modulated by exogenous Tf ...
Miyazaki Takako - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fas-associated phosphatase-1 (FAP-1) has been thought as an inhibitor in Fas-mediated apoptosis. Here, we investigated the role of FAP-1 in Fas-mediated apoptosis of human colon cancer cells. METHOD: The viability of four colon cancer cell lines treated with agonistic anti-Fas antibody was determined using WST-1 assay and ...
Higgs Brandon W - - 2006
The lack of detailed understanding of the mechanism of action of many biowarfare agents poses an immediate challenge to biodefense efforts. Many potential bioweapons have been shown to affect the cellular pathways controlling apoptosis 1234. For example, pathogen-produced exotoxins such as Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B (SEB) and Anthrax Lethal Factor (LF) ...
Garrison Jason B JB Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2006
Quinazoline-based alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists such as doxazosin and terazosin have been previously shown to induce apoptosis in prostate cancer cells via an alpha1-adrenoceptor-independent pathway, involving activation of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) signaling. In this study, the molecular events initiating this apoptotic effect were further investigated in vitro using the human androgen-independent ...
Burkhardt Brant R - - 2006
Fas/FasL interactions have been proposed as a potentially important mechanism mediating beta-cell death in type 1 diabetes. Recent investigations suggest RNA interference, afforded by small interfering RNAs (siRNA), can provide specific and robust gene silencing in mammalian cells. The current study attempted to investigate the effects of silencing Fas expression ...
Iwase Masayasu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils undergo rapid Fas-mediated apoptosis during in vitro culture. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of surgical stress upon the Fas-mediated apoptotic response in circulating neutrophils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were drawn from eight patients with a mandibular prognathism, and who had undergone a ...
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