Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1374
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Chattree Vineeta - - 2007
Protective immunity against intracellular pathogen Mycobacterium leprae is dependent on the activation of T cells. Repeated stimulation of T cells by M. leprae antigens MLCwA (M. leprae total cell wall antigen) and ManLAM (mannose capped lipoarabinomannan) may lead to apoptosis in leprosy patients. In the present study, inhibition of the ...
Koide N - - 2007
The effect of interferon (IFN)-gamma and/or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on Fas-mediated cell death with anti-Fas agonistic antibody in vascular endothelial cells was examined using a mouse END-D cell line. Anti-Fas agonistic antibody exhibited cytotoxic actions on END-D cells. Fas-mediated cell death was enhanced by LPS or IFN-gamma. The combination of IFN-gamma ...
Spardy Nicole N Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics Graduate Program, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, - - 2007
Fanconi anemia (FA) patients have an increased risk for squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) at sites of predilection for infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types, including the oral cavity and the anogenital tract. We show here that activation of the FA pathway is a frequent event in cervical SCCs. We ...
Kurimoto Chiyo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the existence of oxidative stress and the role of the antioxidant thioredoxin (TRX) in Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: Labial biopsy specimens from patients with SS were analyzed immunohistochemically to detect 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), nitrotyrosine, and TRX. Levels of TRX in saliva and plasma were quantified by ...
Li Song - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The synergistic effect of doxorubicin and selenium in apoptosis induction in MCF-7 breast cancer cells has been previously reported. Mitochondrial activation of caspase-9 is in part responsible for the synergy. The present study aimed at examining the death receptor pathway in activating caspase-8 by the two-drug combination. MATERIALS AND ...
Inoue Yoshiko - - 2007
This study focused on the detection of apoptosis related events in very early phases of choline-deficient (CD)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis (at 2-5 weeks). Flow cytometry of isolated intact primary hepatocytes from CD diet fed rats indicated increased expression of the apoptosis-associated protein Fas. Increased apoptosis in CD-treated livers was confirmed by Western ...
Lu Feng F Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nanfang Hospital Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2007
Clinical observations indicate that the bulging and reddish peripheral areas of keloids are more elevated than their central areas. Moreover, the peripheral areas of keloids undergo aggressive growth and invasion into normal skin, beyond the boundaries of the initial wound. The aim of this study was to investigate the biological ...
Zou Chunbin - - 2007
Hepatocytes in fatty livers are hypersensitive to apoptosis and undergo escalated apoptotic activity via death receptor-mediated pathways, particularly that of Fas-FasL, causing hepatic injury that can eventually proceed to cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease. Here we report that the hepatocyte growth factor receptor, Met, plays an important part in preventing ...
Fujimori Keita - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Behçet disease (BD) is manifested by recurrent acute iridocyclitis with hypopyon in the active phase, which regresses spontaneously. Hypopyon consists of inflammatory cells infiltrating the eye, with polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) as the main component. The present study was conducted to investigate the apoptosis property of PMNs in BD patients ...
Iwase Masayasu - - 2008
Molecular inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is a promising cancer treatment strategy. We examined whether inhibition of EGFR signaling would affect the susceptibility of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Treatment of OSCC cells with an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, C225, and an EGFR tyrosine ...
Marzano A V - - 2007
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are considered to be severity variants of the same disease, which is almost always associated with drug intake. In contrast, erythema multiforme (EM) is a disorder regarded as only rarely caused by drugs. Keratinocyte apoptosis has been shown to play an important ...
Martins de Lima Thais - - 2007
Fatty acids (FAs) have been shown to alter leucocyte function and thus to modulate inflammatory and immune responses. In this review, the effects of FAs on several aspects of lymphocyte, neutrophil and macrophage function are discussed. The mechanisms by which FAs modulate the production of lipid mediators, activity of intracellular ...
Chetty C C Program of Cancer Biology, Department of Cancer Biology and Pharmacology, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, Peoria, IL 61656, - - 2007
We have previously reported that the downregulation of MMP-2 by adenovirus-mediated delivery of MMP-2 siRNA (Ad-MMP-2) reduced spheroid invasion and angiogenesis in vitro, and, metastasis and tumor growth in vivo. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of Ad-MMP-2-mediated growth inhibition in vitro and in vivo. Ad-MMP-2 infection led to ...
Altemeier William A WA Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, 1959 NE Pacific St., Seattle, WA 98105-6522, USA. - - 2007
Activation of the prototypical death receptor, Fas (CD95), can induce both caspase-dependent cell death and production of proinflammatory chemokines, leading to neutrophil recruitment and end-organ injury. The precise mechanism(s) by which Fas up-regulates chemokine production and release, is currently unclear. We hypothesized that Fas-induced chemokine release by macrophages is dependent ...
Li Yufeng - - 2007
The relationship between apoptosis and the cell cycle remains unclear. In the present study we have investigated the relationship between cell cycle progression and the activation of caspases (caspase-3 and caspase-8) in Fas (CD95)-mediated apoptosis in asynchronously growing leukemia cells. We found that cells expressing the active form of caspase-3 ...
Narra Madhu Babu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a disorder usually associated with hypergammaglobulinemia and defective apoptosis mostly due to Fas or Fas ligand mutation. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a disorder with hypogammaglobulinemia commonly associated with increased Fas expression and spontaneous apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with a unique combination ...
Kuo Po-Lin - - 2007
Pterocarnin A, isolated from the bark of Pterocarya stenoptera (Juylandaceae), was investigated for its antiproliferative activity in human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells. To identify the anticancer mechanism of pterocarnin A, we assayed its effects on apoptosis, cell cycle distribution, and levels of p53, p21/WAF1, Fas/APO-1 receptor and Fas ligand. The ...
Lai Yi-Mu - - 2007
Bronchial airway epithelial cells (BAEpC) are among the first cells to encounter M. tuberculosis following airborne infection. However, the response of BAEpC to M. tuberculosis infection has been little studied. This study investigates the response of a human BAEpC cell line (BEAS-2B) to infection with Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette Guerin ...
Kocic Gordana G Institute of Biochemistry and Institute of Physiology, Medical Faculty, University of Nis, Serbia and - - 2007
Fas membrane-associated polypeptide antigen is a receptor molecule responsible for apoptosis-mediated signals. In animal models of acute viral hepatitis, apoptosis of hepatocytes is mediated by Fas-death receptors; therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of interferon (IFN)-alpha on apoptotic markers and nuclease activity against different coding ...
Shioi Yumiko - - 2007
The mechanism of T cell lymphopenia in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is unknown. We investigated apoptosis in freshly isolated and cultured lymphocytes; the latter were used to detect cells not yet apoptotic but destined for apoptosis. Apoptosis increased in both fresh and cultured T cells in MDS compared with those from ...
Li Jie - - 2007
Trichosanthin (TCS), a traditional Chinese medicine, exerts antitumor activities by inducing apoptosis in many different tumor cell lines. However, the mechanisms remain obscure. The present study focused on various caspase pathways that may be involved in TCS-induced apoptosis in leukemia HL-60 cells. Key caspases in both intrinsic and extrinsic pathways ...
Morton Elise R - - 2007
The goal of our study was to characterize the apoptotic response of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-infected, human epithelial HEp-2 cells to extrinsic treatments through the Fas receptor. Initially, we defined the Fas response of these cells. We found the following: (1) Treatment of HEp-2 cells with anti-Fas antibody or Fas ...
Moumen Anice - - 2007
The FasL-Fas couple is a general death mediator whose activated signals lead to caspase-8 activation and apoptosis in adult hepatocytes. Suppression of caspase-8 activation and cell death is a protective mechanism modulated by the FLICE-Like Inhibitory Protein (FLIP). Although hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor Met are known to ...
Lu Feng F Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2007
The pathogenesis of keloid and hypertrophic scar is less well understood because of the lack of animal models. The cell-surface Fas receptor, which is widely distributed in skin components, has been shown to be an important factor that induces apoptosis in human dermal fibroblasts. In this report, the authors performed ...
Zhang Aibin - - 2007
Calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D, exerts important immunoregulatory effects. After rat liver allografting, calcitriol suppresses acute rejection. The aim of this study was to investigate whether calcitriol regulates hepatocyte apoptosis, in parallel with its inhibition of acute rejection in rat liver allografts. Liver allografts were transplanted in a ...
Fluur Caroline - - 2007
IL-7 promotes survival of resting T lymphocytes and induces T cell proliferation in lymphopenic conditions. As elevated IL-7 levels occur in HIV-infected individuals in addition to high Fas expression on T cells and increased sensitivity to Fas-induced apoptosis, we analyzed whether IL-7 has a regulatory role in Fas-mediated T cell ...
Benvenuto Federica - - 2007
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are part of the bone marrow that provides signals supporting survival and growth of bystander hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). MSC modulate also the immune response, as they inhibit proliferation of lymphocytes. In order to investigate whether MSC can support survival of T cells, we investigated MSC ...
Chen Li - - 2007
A total of 106 nitric oxide-releasing derivatives of oleanolic acid were synthesized and their effects on the inhibition of anti-Fas-mediated HepG2 cell apoptosis were evaluated in vitro. Several compounds inhibited anti-Fas-mediated HepG2 cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Within this series of compounds, 8b is the most potent inhibitor. The ...
Izawa Takashi - - 2007
Although receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB ligand (RANKL) signaling has been shown to prolong the survival of mature dendritic cells (DCs), the association of RANKL pathway with Fas-mediated apoptosis is obscure. Here, we found that bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) from the Fas-deficient strain MRL/lpr mice, could survive much longer ...
Lehnert Anne M - - 2007
T-cell apoptosis is an important regulatory mechanism in transplant tolerance. The aim of this study was to identify specific apoptotic molecules important for tolerance induction. Mice expressing the human Bcl-2 molecule in T cells or Bim -/- mice were used as islet allograft or rat islet xenograft recipients and treated ...
Zhang Jian - - 2007
Homeostasis of the immune system is maintained by apoptotic elimination of potentially pathogenic autoreactive lymphocytes. Emerging evidence shows that Fas-mediated apoptosis is impaired in activated lymphocytes from patients with autoimmune disease. The aim of this work was to assess apoptosis mediated by the cell death receptor Fas in peripheral T ...
Sundelin Kaarina K Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden. - - 2007
Previous studies showed that many chemotherapeutic agents can induce immuno-suppression at therapeutic drug concentrations whereas low drug doses induce immuno-augmentation. The effect of low-dose cisplatin, interferon-alpha, and 13-cis retinoic acid on receptors involved in immune-mediated apoptosis (Fas/CD95), cell growth (epidermal growth factor receptor) and lymphocyte adhesion (intercellular adhesion molecule-1) was ...
Straszewski-Chavez Shawn L - - 2007
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and Fas ligand induce apoptosis by interacting with their corresponding membrane-bound death receptors and activating caspases. Since both systems share several components of the intracellular apoptotic cascade and are expressed by first trimester trophoblasts, it is unknown how these cells remain resistant to Fas ligand while ...
Stel Alja J - - 2007
Ab binding to CD20 has been shown to induce apoptosis in B cells. In this study, we demonstrate that rituximab sensitizes lymphoma B cells to Fas-induced apoptosis in a caspase-8-dependent manner. To elucidate the mechanism by which Rituximab affects Fas-mediated cell death, we investigated rituximab-induced signaling and apoptosis pathways. Rituximab-induced ...
Schumann Desiree M - - 2007
Pancreatic beta cell mass and function increase in conditions of enhanced insulin demand such as obesity. Failure to adapt leads to diabetes. The molecular mechanisms controlling this adaptive process are unclear. Fas is a death receptor involved in beta cell apoptosis or proliferation, depending on the activity of the caspase-8 ...
Aoudjehane Lynda - - 2007
IL-4 is overexpressed in liver grafts during severe recurrent hepatitis C and rejection. Hepatocyte apoptosis is involved in both these phenomena. We therefore examined the proapoptotic effect of IL-4 on HepG2 cells and human hepatocytes in vitro, together with the underlying mechanisms. We first measured IL-4 receptor expression, STAT6 activation ...
Fujiwara Masao - - 2007
The Fas-Fas ligand interaction is the most important pathway in starting apoptosis. In addition, several recent reports have emerged documenting non-apoptotic roles for Fas. However, a non-apoptotic role of Fas in dermal fibroblasts remains unknown. The present study investigated whether Fas stimulation not only promotes apoptosis but also stimulates elements ...
Choi Claudia Y U - - 2007
The Fas ligand/Fas interaction plays an important role in the regulation of immune responses. Allografted cells undergo Fas-mediated apoptosis induced by CD8+ T cells. Our objective was to prevent human keratinocytes from immunologically induced apoptosis. We focused on three proteins with inhibitory function on Fas-mediated apoptosis. Human keratinocytes were transfected ...
Li Yi - - 2007
Apoptosis has been shown to be associated with altered glycosylation patterns and biosynthesis of glycoproteins. A major cell surface receptor involved in the induction of apoptosis is Fas that is activated by binding Fas ligand but can also be activated by binding anti-Fas antibody. In order to determine whether the ...
Wieckowski Eva - - 2007
Molecular mechanisms responsible for tumor resistance to apoptosis often involve the Fas/FasL pathway. While squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN) express both Fas and FasL, their resistance to self-induced apoptosis or apoptosis mediated by Fas agonistic antibody (CH-11Ab) was independent of the level of Fas surface expression ...
Lizama Carlos - - 2007
Apoptosis plays a major role in controlling both the rate of sperm production and chromosomal abnormalities in adult male testes. However, little is known on the mechanisms controlling induction and execution of apoptosis under physiological conditions. In this work we have uncovered a major role for the cell death receptor ...
Chakrabandhu Krittalak - - 2007
Localization of the death receptor Fas to specialized membrane microdomains is crucial to Fas-mediated cell death signaling. Here, we report that the post-translational modification of Fas by palmitoylation at the membrane proximal cysteine residue in the cytoplasmic region is the targeting signal for Fas localization to lipid rafts, as demonstrated ...
Rautajoki Kirsi J - - 2007
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is the main cytokine that polarizes activated naïve CD4+ T cells in the T helper 2 (Th2) direction. IL-4 also regulates the subsequent stages of Th2 cell-mediated diseases, such as allergies. We conducted a proteomics study to identify IL-4-induced differences during the initial stages of T helper cell ...
Wang Suizhao - - 2007
Expression of the K1 gene of human herpesvirus 8 activates nuclear factor-kappaB and induces lymph node hyperplasia and lymphomas in transgenic mice. To further delineate its role in cell survival, we determined whether K1 altered apoptosis of lymphoma cells. K1 protein is expressed in Kaposi sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma. ...
Bharhani Mantej S - - 2006
We have previously shown that the absence of Fas/Fas ligand significantly reduced tissue damage and intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) apoptosis in an in vivo model of T cell-mediated enteropathy. This enteropathy was more severe in IL-10-deficient mice, and this was associated with increased serum levels of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha and ...
Villena Joan - - 2006
To examine the function of syndecan-2, one of the most abundant heparan sulfate proteoglycans in fibroblasts, we obtained stably transfected Swiss 3T3 clones. We examined the effects of stable syndecan-2 overexpression on programmed cell death, finding that syndecan-2 transfected cells were more sensitive to apoptosis induced by serum-withdrawal than control ...
McVicker Benita L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It has been noted that alcohol-related liver diseases can be associated with an increase in apoptotic hepatocellular death. Moreover, the promotion of hepatocyte apoptosis may be linked to signals emanating from death receptors, particularly Fas [CD95/apoptosis-inducing protein 1 (APO-1)]. In the present study, we utilized an in vitro hepatic ...
Li Jie - - 2006
The Fas (apo/CD95) receptor which belongs to the TNF-alpha family is a transmembrane protein involved in the signaling for apoptosis through the extrinsic pathway. During this study, we have examined a correlation between intracellular levels of 4-HNE and expression of Fas in human lens epithelial (HLE B-3) cells. Our results ...
Cipriani Paola - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: T cell activation plays a pivotal role in the immunopathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Lymphocyte processes are tightly controlled by molecules activating either proliferation or programmed cell death (apoptosis). We investigated whether an imbalance in apoptotic function, increasing the survival rate of autoreactive cells, may lead to persistent autoreactive ...
Maedler Kathrin - - 2006
High glucose concentrations have a dual effect on beta-cell turnover, inducing proliferation in the short-term and apoptosis in the long-term. Hyperglycemia leads to beta-cell production of interleuking (IL)-1beta in human pancreatic islets. Fas, a death receptor regulated by IL-1beta, is involved in glucose-induced beta-cell apoptosis. Fas engagement can be switched ...
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