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Hartl Dominik - - 2009
Acidic mammalian chitinase (AMCase) is produced during and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Th2-mediated diseases and antiparasite responses. However, the effector responses of AMCase in these settings have not been adequately defined and the relationship(s) between its chitinolytic and other biologic properties have not been investigated. In ...
Clarke Penny - - 2009
Type 3 (T3) reovirus strains induce apoptotic neuronal cell death and lethal encephalitis in infected mice. T3 strain Dearing (T3D)-induced apoptosis in primary neuronal cultures occurs by a Fas-mediated mechanism and requires the activation of caspase 8. We now show that Fas mRNA is upregulated in the brains of mice ...
Huo J - - 2009
Fas-apoptosis inhibitory molecule (FAIM) is inducibly expressed in B lymphocytes and had been shown to antagonize Fas-mediated killing of B-cell lines in vitro. However, its mechanism and role in vivo are unknown. We have generated faim(-/-) mice and found these mutants to be viable. In contrast to fas(-/-) mice, faim(-/-) ...
Kanemitsu H - - 2009
6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), a DNA-damaging agent, induces apoptosis of neural progenitor cells, and causes malformation in the fetal brain. The aim of the present study is to clarify the molecular pathway of 6-MP-induced apoptosis of neural progenitor cells in the fetal telencephalon of rats and mice. p53 protein is activated by ...
Berkova Zuzana Z Department of Lymphoma and Myeloma, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77054, - - 2009
Herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) oncoprotein K1 is linked to lymphoproliferation and suppression of apoptosis mediated by the Fas death receptor. Expression of K1 in transgenic mice induces accumulation of lymphoid tissue cells and lymphoma. To examine how K1 and Fas interact to suppress apoptosis, K1-Fas binding was studied in human embryonic ...
Sinha Rohit A - - 2009
Inadequate maternal intake of omega-3-fatty acids (omega3 FAs) causes adverse neurodevelopmental outcome in the progeny; however, their molecular mechanism of action is obscure. Since omega3 FAs are known to inhibit neuronal apoptosis during neuro-degeneration, we investigated their possible contribution in regulating neuronal apoptosis during brain development. Using rat model of ...
Sakakima Yoshikazu - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Phosphatidylcholine reduces chemically-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats and the growth of hepatic cancer cells. We planned to determine whether apoptosis pathways via death ligands were induced by phosphatidylcholine. METHODOLOGY: Growth inhibition of hepatic cancer cell lines (HepG2, Hep3B, Alexander, and HuH-7) was examined by MTT assay. On apoptosis induction, flow ...
Strasser Andreas - - 2009
FAS belongs to the subgroup of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNF-R) family that contains an intracellular "death domain" and triggers apoptosis. Its physiological ligand FASL is a member of the TNF cytokine family. Studies with mutant mice and cells from human patients have shown that FAS plays critical roles ...
García Samuel - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) suppression on CD95/Apo-1 (Fas)-induced apoptosis in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from RA patients. METHODS: Apoptosis, determined by Hoechst staining and quantification of nucleosomal release by ELISA, was induced by stimulation with anti-Fas antibody with or without pre-treatment with cycloheximide (CHX). PARP-1 ...
Tanaka Tetsuji - - 2009
Local danazol therapy reduces the signs and symptoms of endometriosis without inhibition of regular ovulation and menstruation and without atrophic changes to the endometrium or vaginal wall. It has been suggested that danazol has possible non-cytotoxic direct actions on eutopic endometrial cells and endometriotic cells. We have investigated the direct ...
Carlile Graeme - - 2009
Issues remain to be elucidated in the developmental regulation of erythropoiesis. In particular the role of Fas, a member of the tumor necrosis factor family of receptors despite much work remains unclear. During erythropoiesis, Fas is expressed at low levels on erythroblasts. For most cell types, Fas to FasL interaction ...
Anathy Vikas - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) increase ligation of Fas (CD95), a receptor important for regulation of programmed cell death. Glutathionylation of reactive cysteines represents an oxidative modification that can be reversed by glutaredoxins (Grxs). The goal of this study was to determine whether Fas is redox regulated under physiological conditions. In ...
Rodrigues Denise Bertulucci Rocha - - 2009
Endemic pemphigus foliaceus, or fogo selvagem, is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the formation of intraepidermal blisters that reduce adhesion between keratinocytes. Endemic pemphigus foliaceus is associated with the presence of autoantibodies and high levels of cytokines involved in the inflammatory response. To evaluate the expression of the proinflammatory ...
Tsang Tsun Yee - - 2009
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is frequently overexpressed in human cancer. The growth factor was previously demonstrated to be a survival factor as knock-down of HDGF suppresses the growth and induces apoptosis in human cancer cells through the Bad-mediated intrinsic apoptotic pathway. However, inactivation of Bad cannot completely repress the apoptosis ...
Andrikoula Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Fas is a cell-surface receptor responsible for induction of apoptosis in human thyrocytes upon interaction with Fas Ligand. Fas protein expression on thyroid cells and Fas-mediated apoptosis is decreased in multinodular goiter (MNG) resulting in thyroid cell proliferation. The soluble form of Fas (sFas) produced by alternative mRNA splicing ...
Wang Guan-Yu - - 2009
Berbamine, a natural compound from the plant Berberis amurensis, is a traditional Chinese medicine mainly used in stimulating normal hematopoiesis in clinic. Our previous studies demonstrated that berbamine has anti-leukemia activity. In this study, we investigated the anticancer activity of berbamine against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells in vitro ...
Yu Wen Ru - - 2009
Activation of the Fas receptor has been recently linked to apoptotic cell death after spinal cord injury (SCI). Although it is generally considered that Fas activation mediates apoptosis predominantly through the extrinsic pathway, we hypothesized that intrinsic mitochondrial signaling could be involved in the underlying mechanism of Fas-induced apoptosis after ...
Zhang Haibing - - 2009
Fas/Apo-1 signals through the FADD (Fas-associated death domain) adaptor protein, which recruits and activates the apical caspase 8 and leads to apoptosis. Cellular FLIP (cFLIP) is a homolog of caspase 8 and is also capable of binding to FADD. Previous studies suggest that cFLIP could either enhance or inhibit apoptosis ...
Xu Zhi-Xiang - - 2009
Avicins, a family of triterpene electrophiles originally identified as potent inhibitors of tumor cell growth, have been shown to be pleiotropic compounds that also possess antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, and anti-inflammatory activities. We previously showed that Jurkat cells, which express a high level of Fas, are very sensitive to treatment with avicins. ...
Montagna Paola - - 2009
In order to establish the possible gender influence on the activity of leflunomide (LEF) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we evaluated the proapoptotic activity of the active LEF metabolite A77 1726 (LEF-M), in combination with sex hormones, on cultures of human macrophages. In particular, we focussed our investigation on the triggering ...
Rajaram Murugesan V S - - 2009
Francisella tularensis infects macrophages and escapes phago-lysosomal fusion to replicate within the host cytosol, resulting in host cell apoptosis. Here we show that the Fas-mediated death pathway is activated in infected cells and correlates with escape of the bacterium from the phagosome and the bacterial burden. Our studies also demonstrate ...
Peacock James W - - 2009
Two distinct biochemical signals are delivered by the CD95/Fas death receptor. The molecular basis for the differential mitochondrially independent (type I) and mitochondrially dependent (type II) Fas apoptosis pathways is unknown. By analyzing 24 Fas-sensitive tumor lines, we now demonstrate that expression/activity of the PTEN tumor suppressor strongly correlates with ...
Dzietko Mark - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Prematurely born infants are at risk for development of neurocognitive impairment in later life. Oxygen treatment has been recently identified as a trigger of neuronal and oligodendrocyte apoptosis in the developing rodent brain. We investigated the role of the Fas death receptor pathway in oxygen-triggered developmental brain injury. METHODS: ...
Seidelin Jakob B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: From mainly carcinoma cell line studies, apoptosis has been thought to play a major role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). Apoptosis has been suggested to be due to a Fas ligand / Fas receptor interaction, but has never been studied in cells from patients with active UC. ...
Gilbert Stéphane - - 2008
Fas-induced apoptosis is initiated through the recruitment of FADD and procaspase 8 to form the death-inducing signaling complex (DISC). In some cells (type I cells) the initiator caspase 8 directly activates effector caspases such as procaspase 3, whereas in others (type II cells) the death signal is amplified through mitochondria. ...
Walter Dorothée - - 2008
Fas/CD95-induced apoptosis of hepatocytes in vivo proceeds through the so-called type II pathway, requiring the proapoptotic BH3-only Bcl-2 family member Bid for mitochondrial death signaling. Consequently, Bid-deficient mice are protected from anti-Fas antibody injection induced fatal hepatitis. We report the unexpected finding that freshly isolated mouse hepatocytes, cultured on collagen ...
Pharmakakis Nikolaos M - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the potential involvement of apoptosis and its regulators Bcl-2, Bax, and Fas within the retina in Staphylococcus epidermidis experimental endophthalmitis. METHODS: Endophthalmitis was induced in 48 male Lewis rats by unilateral 25-mircrol intravitreal injection of 7,000 viable organisms of slime-producing S. epidermidis strain ATCC 35983 (experimental group). ...
Chakrabandhu Krittalak - - 2008
This study describes the molecular signaling involved in the different cell death modes of triple-negative breast cancer cells induced by hexadecylphosphocholine (HePC/miltefosine), a clinically relevant anticancer alkylphosphocholine. We found that the HePC treatment triggers cell-type-dependent apoptotic and non-apoptotic cell death processes. Moreover, the expression level of the apoptosis activator Fas, ...
Lino dos Santos Franco Adriana - - 2009
Clinical and experimental evidences show that formaldehyde (FA) exposure has an irritant effect on the upper airways. As being an indoor and outdoor pollutant, FA is known to be a causal factor of occupational asthma. This study aimed to investigate the repercussion of FA exposure on the course of a ...
Wen Gengyun - - 2009
Inorganic arsenic (arsenate and arsenite) are well known human carcinogens. Apoptosis is a normal biological process that is involved in regulating cell development and differentiation, and is an important protective response to cell injury. The aim of this study was to determine the long term arsenic effect on human small ...
Wu Jianqiang - - 2009
FAS expression was generally low in 30 of 31 cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) cases (mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome, SS) as well as in 5 of 6 large plaque parapsoriasis cases (a CTCL precursor). To investigate this phenomenon, we explored FAS transcript levels, cell-surface FAS protein expression and susceptibility to FAS-mediated apoptosis ...
Pérez López Silvia - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Brain death induces changes in tissues and organs destined for transplant at the cell, molecular, and endocrine level including cell death through apoptosis. This study was designed to examine apoptotic damage in cardiac tissue obtained from brain dead donors. METHODS: Fifty tissue specimens from the left ventricles of individual ...
Jia Jia - - 2009
Estrogen is protective in experimental cerebral ischemia, yet the mechanism remains unclear. Fas-mediated apoptosis has been shown to be induced after cerebral ischemia and significantly contribute to ischemic brain damage. In this study, we tested if estrogen is protective against cerebral ischemia by suppressing Fas-mediated apoptosis. 17Beta-estradiol-treated and untreated ovariectomized ...
Naderi Soheil - - 2008
Defects in Fas receptor signaling lead to compromised maintenance of lymphocyte homeostasis and peripheral immune tolerance, leading in turn to autoimmune disorders. Therefore, agents that can enhance Fas-mediated apoptosis may be therapeutically useful in management of such disorders. In this study, we focused on the effect of cAMP on Fas-mediated ...
Komarov Andrei P - - 2008
Functional selection of genetic suppressor elements (GSEs), engineered gene fragments that interfere with the function of a particular gene product, was used to identify regulators of FAS-induced apoptosis. Chicken DF-1 cells expressing human FAS receptor and susceptible to FAS-induced apoptosis were infected with a GSE library consisting of randomly fragmented ...
Massaro Marika - - 2008
The epidemiological association between high intakes of n-3 fatty acids (FA) and decreased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) can be explained by two main basic mechanisms: (a) an effect on atherothrombosis, and (b) an effect on cardiac arrhythmias. These mechanisms probably reflect different beneficial influences of n-3 FA ...
Tsuchida Ken - - 2008
Human diseases characterized by a high sensitivity to DNA interstrand cross-links (ICL) and predisposition to malignance include Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) and Fanconi anemia (FA), which is further classified to three groups: (1) FA core-complex group; (2) FA-ID complex group; and (3) breast cancer (BRCA)-defective group. The relationships between these ...
Symes Juliane C - - 2008
Therapies for prostate cancer based on Fas (CD95) modulation have been under active development at the preclinical stage using immortalized cell lines. To address clinical applicability, the potential of 11 cultures of primary prostate cancer cells to be killed by Fas-mediated apoptosis was investigated. In addition, the effect of the ...
Sciortino Maria Teresa - - 2008
In the present paper, we aimed to verify whether the interaction of the glycoprotein D (gD) of herpes simplex 1 (HSV-1) with the HSV-1 receptor HVEM is involved in NF-kappaB-dependent protection against apoptosis by gD. To this purpose, first we utilized MAbs that interfere with gD/HVEM interaction and U937 cells ...
Ueda Kumiko - - 2008
The growth of human breast cancer-derived MCF-7 cells was affected by oil-in-water lipid emulsions prepared with fish oil (FO) rich in n-3 fatty acids (FAs) and egg-yolk phosphatides (EYP) (FO-emulsions), but not by lipid emulsions prepared with soybean oil (SO) and EYP (SO-emulsions). On the other hand, the growth of ...
Nakajima Hiroo - - 2008
Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury remains a significant problem for liver surgery, including transplantation, and apoptosis has been implicated in this type of hepatic injury. Here we found that through the Fas/Fas ligand interaction apoptosis is involved in the late phase of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. The appearance of apoptotic hepatocytes increases significantly ...
Wang Clay C C - - 2008
1. Norsolorinic acid, isolated from Aspergillus nidulans, has been shown to have antiproliferative activity in T24 human bladder cancer cells by arresting the cell cycle at the G(0)/G(1) phase and inducing apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antiproliferative activity of norsolorinic acid in T24 human ...
Matsuda Fuko - - 2008
More than 99% of follicles in mammalian ovaries undergo atresia, but the mechanisms regulating the strict selection process are still unclear. Granulosa cell apoptosis is considered the trigger of follicular atresia, which occurs in advance of the death of an oocyte. Cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein (cFLIP), a homologue of procaspase-8 ...
Wang Yu - - 2009
Anti-Fas antibody- and actinomycin D (FA/AD) has been shown to have anti-tumor activity in some tumor cells. However, many of the molecular mechanism of FA/AD-induced apoptosis of human hepatoma Bel-7402 cells have not been fully clarified. In the present study, therefore, the effect of FA/AD in presence or absence of ...
Gong Fangyuan - - 2008
Activation of T cells is a critical event in the pathogenesis of concanavalin A (Con A)-induced liver injury, and facilitating apoptosis of activated T cells may provide a strategy for the treatment. Here, we found that the ethanol extract from the stem parts of Dregea volubilis (DVE) inhibited cell proliferation ...
Xiong Yan'e - - 2008
Mouse blastocysts were exposed to doses of 0, 1 and 10 micromol/L retinoic acid (RA) for 24 h and the cytotoxic effect of RA on the mouse blastocysts in vitro was observed. FITC-labeled terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL-FITC) assay was employed to stain apoptotic cells and immunohistochemical S-P ...
Yu Jinpu - - 2008
Cytokine-induced killer cells (CIKs) are nonspecific antitumor effectors with superior advantages. CD4+ CIKs can induce Fas-dependent apoptosis in sensitive Raji cells. Here, a Fas-dependent apoptosis was detected in resistant breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells, and underlying mechanisms were discriminated. Amplification of CIKs and purification of CD4+ CIKs were performed in 15 ...
Towns Roberto - - 2008
Activation of membrane death receptors has been connected to apoptosis and, recently, other non-apoptotic events. For example, we reported recently that sera from either a subset of patients with type 2 diabetes with neuropathy or a subpopulation of patients with neurogenic chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP) stimulate autophagy in SH-SY5Y human ...
Landgraeber Stefan - - 2008
Particle-induced osteolysis is a major cause of aseptic loosening after total joint replacement. The purpose of the current study was to identify various apoptosis-related pathways in the cellular response to wear debris. Fas receptor, BAK and caspase-3 cleaved were evaluated immunohistochemically in capsules and interface membranes from patients with aseptic ...
Jung Ji Yeon - - 2008
In hypoxic/ischemic conditions, neuronal apoptotic events are occurred, resulting in neuronal diseases. Estradiol is a female sex hormone with steroid structure known to provide neuroprotection through multiple mechanisms in the central nervous system. This study was aimed to investigate the signal transduction pathway leading to the inhibitory effects of estradiol ...
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