Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1374
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Neale D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia or 'toxemia of pregnancy' has been attributed to the presence of a circulating 'toxin' which disappears from peripheral blood after delivery of the placenta. However, the presence, nature and effects of this toxin have eluded characterization. Increased trophoblast apoptosis has been observed in the placenta of women with ...
Sharov Andrei A - - 2003
Chemotherapy alters the structure and function of hair follicle melanocytes. Molecular mechanisms controlling melanocyte responses during chemotherapy-induced hair loss, however, remain largely unknown. Using immunohistology and multicolor confocal microscopy, we show here that cyclophosphamide administration to C57BL/6 mice alters the activity and fate of hair follicle melanocytes. After 24-48 h, ...
Hirano Toshihiko - - 2003
Increased expressions of Fas and Fas-ligand (Fas-L) in bone marrow cells of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have been reported, and large number of these "cell-death signals" might explain molecular basis for exacerbation of apoptosis in marrow cells of these syndromes. However, expression of these molecules or progression of apoptosis in peripheral-blood ...
Puviani Mario - - 2003
The Fas/Fas ligand system triggers the extrinsic apoptotic pathway and is involved in several inflammatory conditions, also at the skin level. The Fas/Fas ligand cell death pathway plays a major role in anoikis, a type of apoptosis characterized by cell detachment. As pemphigus is characterized by loss of cell to ...
French Lars E - - 2003
Death receptors (DRs) are a growing family of transmembrane proteins that can detect the presence of specific extracellular death signals and rapidly trigger cellular destruction by apoptosis. Eight human DRs (Fas, TNF-R1, TRAMP, TRAIL-R1, TRAIL-R2, DR-6, EDA-R and NGF-R) have been identified. The best studied to date is Fas (CD95). ...
Yang Bao Feng - - 2003
Fas, upon cross-linking with Fas ligand (FasL) or Fas agonistic antibody, transduces apoptotic yet also proliferative signals, which have been implicated in tumor pathogenesis. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms that control Fas-mediated signaling in glioma cells. Fas agonistic antibody, CH-11, induced apoptosis in sensitive glioma cells through ...
Denning Timothy L - - 2002
Intestinal epithelial cell function is compromised by local immune and inflammatory responses. In this study, we examined the possibility that intestinal epithelial cell injury occurs in the presence of activated inflammatory cells, such as neutrophils and macrophages, via production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Following exposure to 50-150 microM H2O2 ...
Giammona C John - - 2002
Apoptosis of testicular germ cells is critical for the maintenance of functional spermatogenesis. Previously, we have demonstrated that the Fas (Apo-1, CD95) receptor participates in the regulation of germ cell apoptosis, particularly after toxicant-induced Sertoli cell injury. In this study, we show that germ cells from B6.SMNC3H-Fas(gld,gld) (gld) mice that ...
Hundt Matthias - - 2002
A new symptom-complex is described characterized by manifestations of autoimmune disease, infectious lymphadenopathy, double negative T cells, and impaired activation-induced cell death that developed in late adolescence. Similarities, but also significant differences, to autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndromes (ALPS, Canale-Smith syndrome) and autoimmune lymphoproliferative disease (ALD, Dianzani syndrome), were observed. The main ...
Wu Kun - - 2002
AIM: To investigate the roles of Fas signaling pathway in vitamin E succinate-induced apoptosis in human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells. METHODS: Human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells were treated with VES at 5, 10, 20 mg x L(-1), succinic acid and vitamin E as vehicle control and condition media only as ...
Lee Geon Kook - - 2002
Cells expressing indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an enzyme which catabolizes tryptophan, prevent T-cell proliferation in vitro, suppress maternal antifetal immunity during pregnancy and inhibit T-cell-mediated responses to tumour-associated antigens. To examine the mechanistic basis of these phenomena we activated naïve murine T cells in chemically defined tryptophan-free media. Under these conditions ...
Boldrini Laura - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that apoptosis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of a wide variety of skin diseases. Apoptosis failure may ensure the survival of transformed cells prone to sustain further genetic damage and it plays an important part in the development of tumors. Genetic alterations of ...
Macé Gaëtane - - 2002
We previously observed the presence of anti-human mu-opioid-receptor (anti-hMOR) autoantibodies in IgG pools prepared from several thousand healthy blood donors. These autoantibodies behaved agonistically because of their ability to bind to the first and third extracellular loops of the receptor. In this study, we found that each healthy donor's serum ...
Mor Gil - - 2002
For centuries, the question of "whether there is life after death" has intrigued the mind of philosophers and the same question fascinates researchers in the field of apoptosis today. The death of a cell is by no means the end of the story. On the contrary, growing evidence suggests that ...
Fujita Tadashi - - 2002
Fas mediates apoptosis following binding with Fas ligand. Fas is expressed in human airway epithelial cells and has a critical role in the pathophysiology of various pulmonary disorders. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is an important mediator of airway epithelial injury. In this context, we hypothesized that H(2)O(2) would increase the expression ...
Saas Philippe - - 2002
Astrocytes play multiple roles from passive support to the regulation of inflammation during brain injury. This latter function is in part achieved by responses induced by the triggering of Fas expressed on astrocytes both and. It was previously shown that astrocytes are resistant to Fas-mediated death, responding to Fas triggering ...
Wigginton Jon M - - 2002
IFN-gamma is a critical component of the endogenous and many cytokine-induced antitumor immune responses. In this study we have shown that the combination of IL-18 and IL-2 (IL-18/IL-2) synergistically enhances IFN-gamma production both in vitro and in vivo, and synergizes in vivo to induce complete durable regression of well-established 3LL ...
Scheel-Toellner D - - 2002
Membrane microdomains known as lipid rafts have been shown recently to be involved in Fas signalling and apoptosis in T and B cell lines. Here, we have investigated further the role of lipid rafts in Fas-induced apoptosis in non-transformed human CD4 T cells. We show that Fas-induced apoptosis in CD4 ...
Lim Yun-Sook - - 2002
This study was designed to evaluate the synergistic cytotoxicity of herb prescription, Palgin, in adriamycin-treated cancer cells. The combination of Palgin and adriamycin synergistically augmented the cytotoxicity of Chang and HL-60 cells, but not in Hep3B and Alexander cells. The cytotoxicity of two drugs was revealed as apoptosis characterized by ...
McNees Adrienne L - - 2002
Human group C adenoviruses cause an acute infection in respiratory epithelia and establish a long-term or persistent infection, possibly in lymphocytes. The mechanism by which this persistence is maintained is unknown; however, it would require that persistently infected lymphocytes not be deleted. The adenovirus genome encodes proteins that prevent the ...
Grobholz Rainer - - 2002
Apoptosis plays a crucial role in the regulation of spermatogenesis in male germ cells and is, at least in part, modulated by Bcl-2, Bax, and the Fas pathway. Seminomas have a favourable outcome and respond to radio-/chemotherapy with an increased rate of apoptosis. The expression of Bax, Bcl-2, Fas and ...
Osame Mitsuhiro - - 2002
The recent studies have greatly improved our understanding of the pathological mechanisms of human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). The pathological mechanisms of HAM/TSP based on the histopathological, immunological, and molecular analysis with emphasis on the longitudinal alterations of the disease will be discussed. ...
Nalbant A - - 2002
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans expresses a number of toxins capable of inducing apoptotic cell death of T lymphocytes. However, the exact mechanism(s) has not been elucidated. The present study investigated the involvement of the Fas (CD95)-mediated apoptotic pathway in A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced T-cell apoptosis. To that end, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were ...
Boyle Joseph J - - 2002
We have previously shown that macrophages induce vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis in vitro by cell-cell proximity and Fas-L/Fas interactions. Because NO is a short-range mediator, we tested whether NO mediates macrophage-induced VSMC apoptosis. NO synthase (NOS) inhibitors markedly inhibited macrophage-induced apoptosis of carotid plaque VSMCs (apoptotic indices, 81+/-2.9% ...
van Doorn Remco - - 2002
Defective apoptosis signaling has been implicated in the pathogenesis of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs), a group of malignancies derived from skin-homing T cells. An important mediator of apoptosis in T cells is the Fas receptor. We identified a novel splice variant of the Fas gene that displays retention of ...
Wang Tao - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The killing of vascular cells by activated macrophages is an important step in the process of destabilization of the arterial wall. The death receptor Fas is implicated in vascular cell death. Hence, we extended our studies in a rat aortic allograft model, using adenovirus-mediated overexpression of soluble Fas (sFas) ...
Maeda Takahiro - - 2002
Fas (APO-1/CD95) is a cell surface receptor involved in apoptosis. Almost all adult T cell leukemia (ATL) cells express abundant Fas antigen and show apoptosis induced by IgM anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (mAb). We established the ATL cell line, RSO4, which was obtained from Fas-sensitive ATL cell line SO4 and showed ...
Monici Maria C - - 2002
DNA fragmentation and apoptosis-related proteins have been investigated in thyroid cells and there is evidence that Fas-mediated apoptosis is inhibited by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). We investigated DNA fragmentation by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), and Bcl-2 and Fas antigen expression by immunocytochemistry in skeletal muscles from ...
Sanz Cristina - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The apoptotic Bcl-2 family member Hrk is transcriptionally silenced via DREAM in hematopoietic progenitor cell lines, and is specifically induced after growth factor withdrawal. Given that expression of Hrk is sufficient to induce apoptosis, we studied the expression of this apoptotic protein and its regulatory mechanism in ...
Kimura K - - 2002
LNCaP prostate cancer cells are resistant to induction of apoptosis by gamma-irradiation and partially sensitive to TNF-alpha or FAS antibody, irradiation sensitizes cells to apoptosis induced by FAS antibody or TNF-alpha. LNCaP cell clones stably expressing IkappaBalpha super repressor were resistant to apoptosis induced by death ligands in the presence ...
Nishikawa Sumio - - 2002
Apoptosis of ameloblasts were examined by the TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labelling method and electron microscopy 8 h after injection of colchicine. The results showed that extensive apoptosis occurred in ameloblasts of secretion to maturation zones. To determine the possible involvement of stimulators in ameloblast apoptosis, Fas, Fas ligand, tumor-necrosis-factor alpha, ...
Kemp Kåre - - 2002
Streptococcus pneumoniae infections are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality throughout the world. The immunopathology is characterized by an intense inflammatory reaction, including a strong acute-phase response and increased numbers of neutrophils in the circulation. However, little is known regarding the T-cell response during in vivo infections in humans. The ...
Pinkoski Michael J - - 2002
Members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and TNF receptor families play important roles in inducing apoptosis and mediating the inflammatory response. Activated T lymphocytes can trigger the expression of Fas-ligand on non-lymphoid tissue, such as intestinal epithelial cells (IEC), and this, in turn, can induce apoptosis in the T ...
Liu Jin Hong - - 2002
Altered expression of the Fas-Fas ligand apoptotic pathway leads to lymphoproliferative and autoimmune diseases. In lpr/lpr mice and children with autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, defective apoptosis is due to Fas mutations. Large granular lymphocyte (LGL) leukemia is a clonal lymphoproliferative disorder associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Leukemic LGLs are resistant to Fas-dependent ...
Jones Russell G - - 2002
The T cell costimulatory molecule CD28 is important for T cell survival, yet both the signaling pathways downstream of CD28 and the apoptotic pathways they antagonize remain poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that CD4(+) T cells from CD28-deficient mice show increased susceptibility to Fas-mediated apoptosis via a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent ...
Vonarbourg Cédric - - 2002
Fas-induced apoptosis, a key event in the regulation of lymphocyte homeostasis, is mainly mediated by the activation of a cascade of caspases. Using caspase- and Fas-associated death domain protein-deficient Jurkat cell lines as well as a pan-caspase inhibitor (Z-VAD-fmk), we observed a second Fas-induced cell death event, independent of any ...
Kuroda Akio - - 2002
Infection by the intestinal nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis induces acceleration of apoptosis in the small intestinal villus epithelial cells in vivo. In the present study, we examined whether worm extract or excretory-secretory product induces apoptosis in the rat intestinal epithelial cell line IEC-6 in vitro. In the presence of worm extract ...
Matsuno Hiroaki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Anti-Fas monoclonal antibodies (Mab) are considered to be a potential therapeutic agent for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, Fas mediated liver and chondrocyte damage is a serious problem in its clinical application. m-HFE7A, a novel anti-Fas Mab, selectively induces apoptosis in inflammatory cells. We succeeded in humanizing m-HFE7A to obtain ...
Ahn Eun-Young - - 2002
Human cholangiocarcinoma is a malignancy with no effective therapy and a poor prognosis. Previously, we demonstrated that cultured human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines heterogeneously express Fas on their surface, resulting in 2 subpopulations, Fas-high and Fas-low cells. Fas-low cells are resistant to apoptosis induced by Fas antibody and the calmodulin antagonists ...
Tanaka T - - 2002
The current authors have demonstrated previously that epithelial cell apoptosis, induced by the Fas-Fas ligand pathway, might be involved in fibrosing lung diseases. Whereas lung epithelial cells are sensitive to the Fas-mediated apoptosis, lung fibroblasts may be resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis and replace damaged epithelial cells. The WI-38 lung fibroblast ...
Takada Toru - - 2002
STUDY DESIGN: Rat and human intervertebral disc specimens were examined immunohistochemically. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis was also performed on rat disc tissue to demonstrate the existence of Fas ligand. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the existence of Fas ligand on intact intervertebral disc cells. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The ...
Mori Shin-ichiro - - 2002
Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) has chemotactic and angiogenic activities resulting from its enzymatic activity in vitro, and it also promotes tumor growth and inhibits apoptosis in vivo. Recently, we have reported that TP plays an important role in Fas-induced apoptosis. Caspase-8 cleavage, subsequent cytochrome c release, and caspase-3 cleavage were prevented ...
Millet Anne - - 2002
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We have previously reported the role of nitric oxide in colon tumor regression in vivo. The present study was designed to explore the influence of an endogenous nitric oxide donor, glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), on cell death pathways in colon cancer cells. METHODS: Human colon cancer cell lines ...
Harada S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: D-penicillamine (DP) has been shown to cooperate with copper ion to inhibit cell growth in a variety of cell types. To determine whether this inhibitory action is involved in Fas-mediated apoptosis, we examined the effect of DP and copper sulfate on the expression and function of Fas antigen in ...
Yan Ying - - 2002
Mutation in the BRCA1 gene is associated with an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer. Recent studies have shown that the BRCA1 gene product may be important in mediating responses to DNA damage and genomic instability. Previous studies have indicated that overexpression of BRCA1 can induce apoptosis or cell ...
Hagimoto Naoki - - 2002
Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) has important roles in lung fibrosis and the potential to induce apoptosis in several types of cells. We previously demonstrated that apoptosis of lung epithelial cells induced by Fas ligation may be involved in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we show ...
Hasumi Keizo - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection has been reported to accelerate the apoptosis of gastric epithelial cells. This bacteria has also been known to enhance the expression levels of molecules such as Fas antigen and a receptor for tumor necrosis factor-alpha-receptor type 1 (TNF-R1). However, whether Fas and/or TNF-R1 is actually ...
Raqib Rubhana - - 2002
Shigella dysenteriae type 1-induced apoptotic cell death in rectal tissues from patients infected with Shigella dysenteriae type 1 was studied by the terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) technique and annexin V staining. Expression of proteins and cytokines participating in the apoptotic process (caspase-1, caspase-3, Fas [CD95], Fas ligand ...
Eid Nabil A S - - 2002
The Fas system is involved in the regulation of germ cell apoptosis associated with testicular injury in experimental animals exposed to various insults. We tested the hypothesis that enhanced germ cell apoptosis mediated by the up-regulation of the Fas system and the activation of caspases may be involved in ethanol-induced ...
Tsatsoulis A - - 2002
Increasing evidence suggests that apoptosis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune and proliferative thyroid diseases, and that the apoptotic pathways involved are complex and highly regulated. Autoimmune thyroid diseases such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease have been associated with differential expression of Fas and TRAIL receptor-mediated ...
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