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Results 501 - 550 of 1372
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Zhang Hong - - 2003
Activation of the cell-surface receptor Fas can lead to apoptosis in parenchymal cells in the liver, and if severe enough, result in fulminant hepatic failure and animal death. In the present study, we have examined the roles played by the Bcl-2 family members Bcl-xL and Bid in regulating this response. ...
Xu Yuanyuan - - 2003
Development of anti-Fas Abs to treat diseases with insufficient Fas-mediated apoptosis has been limited by concern about hepatotoxicity. We report here that hepatotoxicity elicited by anti-Fas Ab Jo2 is dependent on FcgammaRIIB. Thus, following Jo2 treatment, all FcgammaRIIB(-/-) mice survived while 80% of wild-type and all FcR-gamma(-/-) mice died from ...
Mishima Koichi - - 2003
We examined the apoptosis of tongue carcinoma cells and the effects of anticancer drugs to identify the molecules that mediate apoptotic cascade in the malignancy. Carboplatin (CBDCA) induced apoptosis of SCC-9 and SCC-25, human well-differentiated tongue squamous carcinoma cell lines. Neutralizing anti-Fas (APO-1/CD95) and anti-Fas ligand (FasL) antibodies obliterated the ...
Proussakova Olga V - - 2003
Soluble Fas antigen can protect cells against Fas-mediated apoptosis. High level soluble Fas antigen characteristic for blood of patients with autoimmune disease or cancer is believed to prevent the elimination of autoimmune lymphocytes or tumor cells. Here we first report that human recombinant FasDeltaTM, i.e. soluble Fas generated by alternative ...
Zazzeroni Francesca - - 2003
In B lymphocytes, induction of apoptosis or programmed cell death (PCD) by Fas (CD95/APO-1) is suppressed by the triggering of CD40. This suppression controls various aspects of the humoral immune response, including antibody affinity maturation. The opposing effects of these receptors are also crucial to B-cell homeostasis, autoimmune disease, and ...
Bamri-Ezzine Saoussen - - 2003
The important problem of the fate of glycogen-accumulating clear cells in glycogen nephrosis is still unsettled. In this study, we examine whether apoptosis plays a relevant role in the development of diabetic glycogen nephrosis and explore the involvement of the Fas/Fas-L system and the activation of the caspase cascade. Diabetes ...
Zhuang Shougang - - 2003
Endogenous cellular chromophores absorb ultraviolet A radiation (UVA, 290-320 nm), the major UV component of terrestrial solar radiation, leading to the formation of reactive oxidizing species that initiate apoptosis, gene expression and mutagenesis. UVA-induced apoptosis of T helper cells is believed to underlie the UVA phototherapy for atopic dermatitis and ...
Kisenge Rodrick R - - 2003
Disruption of apoptotic death signal transduction pathways may be responsible for tumor formation, progression and resistance to treatment in neuroblastoma. Caspase 8, one of the initiator caspases, plays an important role in the Fas-Fas ligand pathway. This caspase signals through the formation of a death-inducing signaling complex in response to ...
Park David R - - 2003
Fas (CD95, APO-1) is regarded as the prototypical cell death receptor of the TNFR superfamily. Fas-induced apoptosis is generally considered to be a noninflammatory process, contributing to the silent resolution of immune and inflammatory responses. However, accumulating evidence indicates that Fas may also induce cellular activation signals. We hypothesized that ...
Condron Claire - - 2003
The pathway involved in Fas-mediated neutrophil apoptosis remains to be fully elucidated. We examined whether this pathway involved either oxygen-dependent or calcium-dependent mechanisms. We also investigated whether taurine, a powerful antioxidant and regulator of intracellular calcium fluxes, could inhibit Fas-mediated neutrophil apoptosis. Neutrophils were stimulated with Fas monoclonal antibody in ...
Wachlin Gerhild - - 2003
In the pathogenesis of type-1 diabetes insulin-producing beta-cells are destroyed by cellular autoimmune processes. The locality of beta-cell destruction is the inflamed pancreatic islet. During insulitis cytokines released from islet-infiltrating mononuclear cells affect beta-cells at several levels. We investigated whether cytokine-induced beta-cell destruction is associated with changes in the expression ...
Kim Peter K M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Non-small cell lung cancers commonly develop resistance to radiation and chemotherapy, and they often present at stages beyond surgical resectability. Because current treatment modalities are inadequate, novel therapies are necessary to reduce the effects of the increasing incidence in pulmonary neoplasms. Fas-associating death domain protein is a central mediator ...
DosReis George A - - 2003
In the lung, inflammation followed by the loss of epithelial cell precursors beyond a safeguard threshold, leads to increased mesenchymal repair and autonomous fibrosis. Fas-Fas ligand induced apoptosis promotes IL-1beta secretion, neutrophil extravasation, and loss of epithelial cells. In models of lung disease, inflammation and fibrosis can be controlled by ...
Rieux-Laucat Frédéric - - 2003
The autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) in humans and the lpr mouse strain are the first examples of primary apoptosis defects caused by inherited death-receptor mutations. They illustrate the role of Fas and Fas ligand in the control of autoimmune T-cell and B-cell proliferation. Subsequent analyses of ALPS in humans have ...
Shimada K - - 2003
To clarify the key mechanism by which androgen makes prostate cancer cells highly resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis. The role of c-jun induction by 10 nM dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in 5 Gy radiation-induced up-regulation of Fas and sensitization to the apoptosis was studied by using the human prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. ...
Joswig Anike - - 2003
During the initial steps of implantation, the mouse uterine epithelium of the implantation chamber undergoes apoptosis in response to the interacting blastocyst. With progressing implantation, regression of the decidual cells allows a restricted and coordinated invasion of trophoblast cells into the maternal compartment. In order to investigate pathways of apoptosis ...
Dianzani Umberto - - 2003
Fas is a death receptor belonging to the TNFR superfamily and induces cell apoptosis by both activating a caspase cascade and altering mitochondria. In the immune system, Fas is involved in the switching-off of the immune responses and cell mediated cytotoxicity. In humans, genetic defects decreasing Fas function cause the ...
Park In-Chul - - 2003
Fas/CD95/Apo1 is a transmembrane receptor known to trigger apoptotic cell death in several cell types. In the present study, we showed that ionizing radiation (IR) and NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP), sensitized Fas-induced apoptotic cell death of HeLa human cervical cancers. Suboptimal dose of IR and SNAP up-regulated the cell-surface Fas ...
Garcia-Velasco Juan A - - 2003
Apoptosis is a physiologic process that deletes unwanted cells without inducing an inflammatory reaction. Survival of endometriotic implants is associated with decreased apoptosis and an inflammatory environment. The most widely accepted theory-transplantation theory-related to the pathogenesis of endometriosis is supported by the description of abnormal survival of regurgitated endometrial cells. ...
Lanvin Olivia - - 2003
We have previously shown that Fas-induced apoptosis is markedly enhanced by IL-7 in human pre-B but not pro-B cell lines. In addition, pre-B cell receptor (pre-BCR) ligation significantly potentiates the IL-7 effects on Fas-triggered pre-B cell death. We show herein that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 sharply reduces Fas-induced death ...
Pasqui A L - - 2003
Recent studies have shown that inflammation plays a major role in coronary plaque destabilization and in the induction of thrombosis in acute coronary syndromes. The aim of this study was to evaluate circulating lymphocyte activation and apoptosis in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in comparison with subjects with ...
Knott Andrew W - - 2003
Intestinal adaptation following small bowel resection (SBR) is associated with greater rates of enterocyte apoptosis by unknown mechanism(s). Because postresection adaptation is associated with increased translocation of luminal bacteria, we sought to characterize the role for the extrinsic, death receptor pathway for the activation of enterocyte apoptosis after massive SBR. ...
Muromoto Ryuta - - 2003
Daxx has been shown to play an essential in type I interferon (IFN-alpha/beta)-mediated suppression of B cell development and apoptosis. Recently, we demonstrated that Tyk2 is directly involved in IFN signaling for the induction and nuclear translocation of Daxx, which may result in growth arrest and/or apoptosis of B lymphocyte ...
Augstein P - - 2003
During the process of insulitis in the pathogenesis of type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus, proinflammatory cytokines induce expression of the death receptor Fas on the surface of pancreatic beta-cells and thereby contribute to the enhanced susceptibility of beta-cells for apoptosis. The aim of this study was to compare cell-surface and ...
Martin Thomas R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To discuss current aspects of our understanding of the role of apoptosis in lung injury. DATA SOURCES: Review of English language literature. DATA SUMMARY: Apoptosis is a process that produces timely death in senescent cells. Apoptosis is important in developmental biology and in remodeling of tissues during repair. Many ...
Takarada Shigeho - - 2003
1. It was investigated in the present study whether oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) was implicated in the susceptibility of human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) to Fas-mediated death. Human fetal aorta smooth muscle cells were treated with agonistic anti-Fas antibody (CH11) and oxLDL and cell death was then determined by ...
Torre Donato - - 2003
Resolution of inflammation/infection involves removal of neutrophils and other inflammatory cells by the induction of apoptosis. Fas/Apo-1 is a widely occurring apoptotic signal receptor molecule expressed by almost any type of cell, which is also released in a soluble circulating form. In this study we investigated the role of circulating ...
Richburg John H - - 2003
We have previously reported that the Fas/Apo-1/CD95-mediated apoptosis-inducing signaling system participates in the initiation of toxicant-induced testicular germ cell apoptosis. The contribution of Fas-mediated signaling is especially evident in the initiation of germ cell apoptosis after mono-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP)-induced Sertoli cell injury. In previous work, we demonstrated that the incidence of ...
Schram Brian R - - 2003
The susceptibility of primary murine B cells to Fas-mediated apoptosis is regulated in a receptor-specific fashion. Whereas CD40 engagement produces marked sensitivity to Fas killing, engagement of the B cell Ag receptor blocks Fas signaling for cell death in otherwise Fas-sensitive, CD40-stimulated targets and thus induces Fas resistance. The signaling ...
Perez-Cruz Isabel - - 2003
The FAS receptor-FAS ligand system is a key apoptotic pathway for cells of the immune system. Ligation of the FAS-receptor (CD95) induces apoptosis by activation of pro-caspase-8 followed by downstream events, including an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the release of proapoptotic factors from the mitochondria, leading to ...
Kuo P-L - - 2003
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a polyphenolic compound found in green tea. It has been reported to possess a wide range of pharmacological properties, and is one of the most promising chemopreventive agents for cancer. To provide a better understanding of the preventive effect of EGCG on liver cancer, we examined EGCG ...
Dror Yigal - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are characterized by peripheral cytopenia and ineffective hematopoiesis. In adult-onset MDS and in certain inherited marrow failure syndromes, apoptosis is increased and is mediated mainly through activation of the Fas pathway. It is unclear whether the various myelodysplastic disorders share the same apoptosis pathways. I investigated ...
Pheng Say-Ry - - 2003
The sensitivity of splenic lymphoid cells to apoptosis induced by low concentrations of methylmercury (MeHgCl) has been examined in C57BL/6 and SJL mice, which are, respectively, resistant and sensitive to a genetically determined autoimmune disease induced by subtoxic doses of MeHgCl. To determine the implications of subtoxic doses of MeHgCl ...
Liu Jia - - 2003
Adjuvant chemotherapies have been used to prevent recurrence of bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), but their efficacies are variable due to the side effects of anti-cancer agents and the drug resistant property of the target cells. To provide experimental evidence for improving clinical management of TCCs, two human TCC cell ...
Kotani Joji - - 2003
TNFR-1 (p55) and Fas share a death domain which is critical for apoptosis signaling whereas TNFR-p55 and TNFR-2 (p75) can activate NF-kappaB leading to anti-apoptotic proteins expression such as A1. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role(s) of TNFR-p55 and TNFR-p75 in Fas-mediated neutrophil apoptosis and A1 ...
Lee Yun-Sik - - 2003
The immunosuppressant, FTY720 causes apoptosis of lymphocytes, reduces numbers of lymphocytes in peripheral blood, and prevents infiltration of lymphocytes into allografts, which may be one of the mechanisms involved in its effects. Here we compared caspase activation and expression of cell-cycle regulators during apoptosis caused by FTY720, and Fas-stimulation in ...
Kim Hyun A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the susceptibility of chondrocytes to apoptosis induced by anti-Fas and various potentiators, and the relevant signaling pathway. METHODS: Chondrocytes were cultured from cartilages obtained at the time of joint replacement surgery for knee osteoarthritis (OA) or femur neck fracture. Fas receptor ligation was performed with agonistic anti-Fas ...
Kotlo Kumar U - - 2003
Here we describe the Achilles' Heel Method (AHM), a new function-based approach for identification of inhibitors of signaling pathways, optimized for human cells. The principle of AHM is the identification of 'sensitizing' cDNAs based on their decreased abundance following selection. As a proof of principle, we have employed AHM for ...
Fanzo Jessica C - - 2003
To ensure that homeostasis of the immune system is maintained, the sensitivity of lymphocytes to Fas-mediated apoptosis is differentially regulated during their activation. The molecular mechanisms that link the activation program of lymphocytes to changes in sensitivity to Fas-mediated apoptosis have, however, not been fully characterized. In these studies, we ...
Jiang Ning - - 2003
Nucleosomes occur in the blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and are thought to result from in vivo cell death. To determine the conditions for the release of nucleosomes into the blood, normal mice were treated with four agents that have the potential to induce apoptosis or immune cell ...
Otani Yoshihiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Various types of malignant tumor cells are known to acquire resistance to Fas receptor (Fas)-mediated apoptosis. In Fas-sensitive cells, Fas-mediated apoptosis is observed when anti-Fas antibody is bound to Fas. Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) are representative anti-apoptosis proteins reported to be capable of suppressing Fas-mediated apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ...
Ghio Massimo - - 2003
Immunological abnormalities have been reported in haemophiliacs. Although infections with HIV, hepatitis and other viruses may contribute to these abnormalities, immune defects are detectable also in HIV seronegative haemophiliacs. It is likely that chronic exposure to extraneous proteins in clotting factor concentrates (CFCs) may play a role in immunomodulation, but ...
Zhdanov A V - - 2003
In patients with pyoinflammatory adnexal diseases moderate or intense DNA degradation was observed in the majority of epithelial, stromal, and inflammatory infiltration cell in inflammatory foci in the fimbrial compartment of fallopian tubes without signs of tissue destruction. Expression of TNFR1 gene increased 2.7-fold and expression of Fas gene decreased ...
Silvestris F - - 2003
Peripheral T cell apoptosis is upregulated in active SLE, in parallel with high expression of both membrane-bound and soluble (s) Fas. Previous studies postulated that sFas down-regulates apoptosis in vitro through its blockade of the Fas-L of cytotoxic cells. We have investigated the extent of apoptosis and sFas levels in ...
Jee Byung Chul - - 2003
This study was designed to investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) on the apoptosis of human luteinized granulosa cells and its possible pathways. Granulosa cell suspensions were incubated for 48 h after adding NO donor (S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine, SNAP) and NO synthase inhibitor (nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, L-NAME) at different concentrations. Apoptosis ...
Tsuruya Kazuhiko - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family members, such as Fas and TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1), are thought to induce apoptosis in a variety of cells and organs. Although a number of potential scenarios have been postulated for the involvement of these receptors in the pathogenesis of acute renal failure ...
Yu Dah-Shyong - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To explore the accurate Fas antigenic expression in transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cells and and compare its synergistic modulation on adriamycin cytotoxicity with alpha-tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha). METHODS: The expression of Fas antigen in normal urothelium and TCC cell lines was measured by flow cytometry. The Fas/Fas ligand reaction-induced ...
Machner Andreas - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of Fas in periarticular tenocytes of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and to study their susceptibility to Fas ligand-mediated apoptosis. Tendon samples were obtained from the quadriceps femoris muscle of patients with knee OA and used for histological evaluation, for ...
Neale D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia or 'toxemia of pregnancy' has been attributed to the presence of a circulating 'toxin' which disappears from peripheral blood after delivery of the placenta. However, the presence, nature and effects of this toxin have eluded characterization. Increased trophoblast apoptosis has been observed in the placenta of women with ...
Sharov Andrei A - - 2003
Chemotherapy alters the structure and function of hair follicle melanocytes. Molecular mechanisms controlling melanocyte responses during chemotherapy-induced hair loss, however, remain largely unknown. Using immunohistology and multicolor confocal microscopy, we show here that cyclophosphamide administration to C57BL/6 mice alters the activity and fate of hair follicle melanocytes. After 24-48 h, ...
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