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Results 451 - 500 of 1373
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Straszewski-Chavez Shawn L - - 2004
Apoptosis occurs in the placenta throughout gestation, with a greater frequency near term in comparison to the first trimester. The Fas/FasL system represents one of the main apoptotic pathways controlling placental apoptosis. Although first trimester trophoblast cells express both Fas and FasL, they are resistant to Fas-induced apoptosis. Therefore, trophoblast ...
Buenz E J - - 2004
Aqueous and alcohol extracts of Cordyceps sinensis (Berk) Succ. are used as a traditional medicine in China for the treatment of a wide range of diseases and are reported to have antioxidant and antiapoptotic properties. We therefore examined the ability of aqueous, organic, and alcohol extracts of Cordyceps sinensis to ...
Del Rio Marcela - - 2004
Ankyrins are a ubiquitously expressed family of conserved proteins that mediate the linkage of integral membrane proteins such as transporters and channels with the underlying cytoskeleton. Ankyrins possess a conserved death domain, the functional significance of which has remained puzzling. In this study, the death domain of AnkG190, the isoform ...
Jung Young-Joo - - 2004
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a pleiotrophic cytokine that mediates differentiation, growth, and apoptosis. As a potent immunosuppressive agent, TGF-beta1 induces apoptosis in primary lymphocytes. However, it has been recognized that TGF-beta1 plays certain roles in development or progression of hematopoietic tumours via inhibition of Fas-mediated apoptotic cell death. Several ...
Morito Naoki - - 2003
Nrf2 is a basic leucine zipper transcriptional activator that is essential for the coordinate transcriptional induction of various antioxidant drug-metabolizing enzymes. Numerous studies have firmly established Nrf2's importance in protection from oxidative stress and certain chemical insults. Given the protective function of Nrf2, surprisingly few studies have focused on the ...
Geller James - - 2003
We have demonstrated previously a Fas-dependent component in thymineless death of human colon carcinoma cells. Importantly, the cytotoxic effects of thymidine deprivation induced by 5-fluorouracil (FUra) combined with leucovorin (LV) was enhanced by IFN-gamma, and the synergism was shown to be dependent on Fas, FUra-induced DNA damage, and independent of ...
Chun Young-Jin - - 2003
The Fas (CD95, APO-1) receptor is a transmembrane cell surface receptor that mediates apoptosis in many cell types when bound by the Fas ligand or cross-linked by agonistic anti-Fas antibodies. Fas activation engages a potent and rapid signaling mechanism in a variety of cell types. In the present study, we ...
Liu Ting Xi - - 2003
Mechanisms underlying the multiple developmental defects observed in Fanconi anemia (FA) patients are not well defined. We have identified the zebrafish homolog of human FANCD2, which encodes a nuclear effector protein that is monoubiquitinated in response to DNA damage, targeting it to nuclear foci where it preserves chromosomal integrity. Fancd2-deficient ...
Zhong Jie - - 2003
Both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from mice infected with Mycobacterium avium suffered a high rate of apoptosis, beginning with the onset of the immune response and culminating in the loss of T cells from the tissues and loss of IFN-gamma production. Fas expression increased over the course of infection ...
Kelkar R L - - 2003
During mammalian embryonic development, abnormal eggs and embryos are eliminated by apoptosis; however, the precise apoptotic pathways remain as yet unidentified. In the present study, expression of Fas and Fas ligand - the proximal members of the death receptor pathway, was evaluated in mouse preimplantation embryos by immunofluorescence and in ...
Feng Q Z - - 2003
AIMS: To explore the role of Fas in cardiomyocytic apoptosis induced by ischaemia through determining the histological relation between Fas expression and apoptosis in rat myocardium during ischaemia/infarction. METHODS: The myocardial ischaemia model was produced by ligating the left coronary artery in Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were killed from 10 ...
Lambert C - - 2003
Fas (CD95, APO-1), a member of the TNF superfamily, is a prototypical "death receptor" which transduces apoptotic signals in a variety of cell types. However, cell death is not the only possible outcome of Fas signalling. Fas engagement by Fas Ligand can also trigger proliferation or differentiation, promote tumour progression ...
Fujii Hideki - - 2003
Alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer) has been reported to induce activation-induced cell death (AICD) in natural killer T (NKT) cells. We undertook this study to demonstrate the distribution of AICD of NKT cells in the lymphoid tissues and differences in frequency between the central and peripheral lymphoid tissues, histologically and quantitatively analyzing the ...
Feldstein Ariel E - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic steatosis sensitizes the liver to injury and inflammation by unclear mechanisms. Because Fas has been linked to liver injury and inflammation, Fas expression and sensitization to Fas signaling was examined in models of hepatic steatosis. METHODS: Mice were fed a carbohydrate diet while control animals received standard chow. ...
Geisbert Thomas W - - 2003
Ebola virus (EBOV) infection causes a severe and fatal hemorrhagic disease that in many ways appears to be similar in humans and nonhuman primates; however, little is known about the development of EBOV hemorrhagic fever. In the present study, 21 cynomolgus monkeys were experimentally infected with EBOV and examined sequentially ...
Mongini Patricia K A - - 2003
Defective expression of Fas leads to B cell autoimmunity, indicating the importance of this apoptotic pathway in eliminating autoreactive B cells. However, B cells with anti-self specificities occasionally escape such regulation in individuals with intact Fas, suggesting ways of precluding this apoptosis. Here, we examine whether coligation of the B ...
Wang Qian - - 2003
Resveratrol has tumor-suppressive activities in some in vitro and in vivo experimental systems but its effect on medulloblastoma cells is still unknown. In this study, resveratrol was used to treat four human medulloblastoma cell lines (Med-3, UW228-1, -2 and -3) and its effects on cell growth, differentiation and death were ...
Osaki Mitsuhiko - - 2004
It is well known that Fas ligand and anti-Fas antibodies can induce apoptosis, although some cancer cells are resistant to their stimuli. On the other hand, phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3 K) and Akt mediate the survival signal and allow the cells to escape from apoptosis in various human cancers. Thus, we ...
Huang Huey-Lan - - 2003
DNA-damaging reagents may kill tumor cells through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cytotoxic reagents may also induce apoptosis of cancer cells in Fas-FADD-dependent manners. In this study, we explored the possible link between these two apparently distinct pathways in T leukemia cell Jurkat. Our results demonstrated that gamma-irradiation, ...
Grygorczuk Sambor S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis plays an important role in the control of the immune system, and its impairment may be associated with autoimmune responses. Different bacterial and viral pathogens interfere with the regulation of apoptosis. This may take place in Lyme borreliosis, in which pathological autoimmune reactions are likely to occur. MATERIAL/METHODS: ...
Curtin James F - - 2003
Activation of Fas receptor by Fas ligand causes caspase 8 activation and apoptosis in cells and is an important mechanism by which normal tissue homeostasis and function are maintained. Activation of caspase 8 is preceded by the formation of a death-inducing signalling complex (DISC), and a number of redundant mechanisms ...
Atasoy Pinar - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Abnormalities in the control of cell proliferation and apoptosis have been suggested to contribute to the development and progression of neoplasia. There are at least two pathways that activate apoptosis. The first is a mitochondria-dependent route governed by bcl-2 family proteins. The second is a parallel mechanism which involves ...
Yamamoto Kuniharu - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prognosis of patients with cholangiocarcinoma is poor because of the difficulty of surgical curative resection. Therefore, other effective treatments must be developed especially those involving gene therapy. p27kip1, one of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, is known to limit proliferation of the cells. Our previous reports have shown that ...
Ahn Eun-Young - - 2003
Calmodulin (CaM) antagonists have been shown to inhibit tumor cell invasion and metastasis and to induce apoptosis in various tumor models, but the molecular mechanism of CaM antagonist-mediated apoptosis is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that interferon (IFN)-gamma induces susceptibility to CaM antagonist-mediated apoptosis in human cholangiocarcinoma cells weakly expressing ...
Iorio Egidio - - 2003
Nuclear magnetic resonance-visible mobile lipids (ML) have been reported to accumulate during cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. The biogenesis, biochemical nature and structure of these lipids are still under debate. In this study, a human lymphoblastoid cell line, HuT 78, was induced to apoptosis by exposure to anti-Fas ...
Apenberg S - - 2003
Endothelial lesions may lead to the exposure of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to the blood flow. In such circumstances VSMCs are exposed to shear stress, an extraordinary mechanical stimulus for this type of cells. Rat VSMCs are cultivated in normal tissue culture plates (statically) or in a cone-plate viscometer ...
Brusselmans Koen - - 2003
Chemical inhibitors of fatty acid synthase (FAS) inhibit growth and induce apoptosis in several cancer cell lines in vitro and in tumor xenografts in vivo. Recently the green tea component epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) was shown to act as a natural inhibitor of FAS in chicken liver extracts. Here we investigated whether ...
Shi Guixiu - - 2003
TR6/DcR3 is a secreted molecule belonging to the TNFR family. Its ligands are LIGHT, Fas ligand, and TL1A, all TNF family members. TR6 is expressed in some tumors and is hypothesized to endow tumor cells with survival advantages by blocking Fas-mediated apoptosis. It can also inhibit T cell activation by ...
Rajashekhar G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: An immune privileged site occurs when the allogenic tissue grafts have the propensity for prolonged survival in the host tissue. In this context, the survival and proliferation of malignant trophoblasts in the gravid uterus are currently unclear. In a previous study, we documented that Fas and FasL are coexpressed ...
Menaker Rena J - - 2003
Increasing evidence indicates that bacterial pathogens have developed mechanisms to modulate the apoptotic signaling cascade of host cells and thereby cause disease. The Fas death receptor pathway is one of the most extensively investigated apoptotic signaling pathways. In this review we discuss the role of Fas signaling during the interplay ...
Mizuno T - - 2003
Engagement of the cell surface receptor Fas/APO-1 (CD95) initiates a sequence of intracellular events that leads to apoptotic cell death, and this outcome occurs in B cells as it does in other cell types. Fas signaling for B cell death is of particular interest because the expression and function of ...
Chen Liuh-Yow - - 2003
Daxx is a nuclear protein involved in apoptosis and transcriptional repression, and it interacts with the death receptor Fas, promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML), and several transcriptional repressors. The function of Daxx in apoptosis is controversial because opposite results were obtained in transient overexpression and genetic knockout studies. Furthermore, the roles ...
Kiyici Murat - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis may be defined as programmed cell death. It is involved in the normal development and homeostasis of tissues in multicellular organisms. An increased or decreased rate of apoptosis may lead to a range of diseases. Fas antigen is a cell-surface receptor that induces apoptotic pathways when treated with ...
Ugolini Gabriele - - 2003
Activation of the Fas death receptor leads to the death of motoneurons in culture. To investigate the role of Fas in programmed cell death and pathological situations, we used several mutant mice deficient for Fas signaling and made a novel transgenic FADD-DN (FAS-associated death domain-dominant-negative) strain. In vitro, motoneurons from ...
Gendron Steve - - 2003
The mechanisms by which T lymphocytes escape apoptosis during their activation are still poorly defined. In this study, we elucidated the intracellular signaling pathways through which beta1 integrins modulate Fas-mediated apoptosis in T lymphocytes. In experiments done in Jurkat T cells and activated peripheral blood T lymphocytes, engagement of alpha2beta1 ...
Devadas Satish - - 2003
Inhibition of Fas-mediated apoptosis in B cell lymphomas by thiol antioxidants (glutathione and N-acetylcysteine) supported previous studies, suggesting that Fas-stimulated ROS generation may play a role in Fas-mediated apoptosis. Thus, the goal of the current study was to determine if Fas stimulation could induce ROS generation and what role, if ...
Iwase Masayasu - - 2003
Our study was conducted to investigate whether anticancer drugs, cisplatin (CDDP) and/or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), can modulate Fas-mediated apoptosis in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines. When OSCC cell lines, NA and HSC-4, were treated with CDDP and/or 5-FU, Fas and its mRNA expression on the plasma membrane were enhanced. ...
Meng Xue Wei - - 2003
Because the MAPK pathway plays important roles in cell proliferation and inhibition of apoptosis, this pathway has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for solid tumors and leukemia. At the present time there is little information about activation of this pathway and the consequences of its inhibition in acute lymphocytic ...
Chen Jinn-Yang - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Fas-mediated apoptosis is important in the regulation of immune response. Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) are able to regulate peritoneal inflammation, but the role of Fas in HPMCs is not clear. This study addresses the mechanisms of Fas-mediated apoptosis in HPMCs. METHODS: Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) primed HPMCs were ...
Tung Thomas C - - 2003
Activation-induced cell death and cytokine deprivation are demonstrated by peripheral T cell populations at the conclusion of natural immune responses, and each of these processes is modulated by the immunosuppressive cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 in vitro. This study employs a clinically relevant in vivo model of IL-10 gene transfer with heterotopically ...
Bäumler Caroline - - 2003
Resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis (FMA) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hematologic malignancies. Recently, a collaborative study showed that germline Fas mutations represent a genetic risk factor for the development of Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Here, we report that transformed B cell lines from familial lymphoma patients show a ...
Okano Hiroshi - - 2003
The TNF-receptor family has a dual signaling pathway, including induction of apoptosis and NF-kappaB activation associated with cell survival. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells express TNF-receptor family members and the signaling from these receptors induces NF-kappaB activation. However, the role of Fas in induction of NF-kappaB activation in HCC cells is ...
Vasudevan Sanjay S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We have previously shown that macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF), a potent survival and mitogenic factor for monocytes/macrophages (MM), enables MM to induce vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis. The killing requires the binding of MM to VSMC via Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18) on MM and intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on ...
Di Carlo Giulia - - 2003
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death (PCD), is a physiological active cellular suicide process that occurs in non-contiguous cells, and is usually not associated with inflammation. The apoptotic process can be modulated by various stimuli, including hormones, cytokines, growth factors, and some chemotherapeutic agents. To determine whether Echinacea purpurea and Hypericum ...
Adachi Keiko - - 2003
The Fas-Fas ligand system is one of the factors involved in cell death signaling. Aberrations in the signaling pathways leading to Fas-mediated apoptosis in tumor cells have been reported in a variety of human malignant tumors. However, the Fas-mediated apoptotic pathway has not been sufficiently elucidated in human gastric carcinomas. ...
Suzuki Osamu - - 2003
To clarify the functions of sialic acids linked to glycoconjugates of Fas in Fas-induced apoptosis, Jurkat T cells, untreated and treated with neuraminidase, were incubated with anti-Fas monoclonal antibody, CH11. Apoptosis of Jurkat T cells induced by incubation with CH11 was enhanced by the pre-treatment with neuraminidase. By flow cytometry ...
Chiacchio Ugo - - 2003
Enantiomers of 4'-aza-2',3'-dideoxynucleosides have been prepared by two different synthetic approaches, on the basis of 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of a chiral nitrone. Cytotoxicity and apoptotic activity have been investigated. (5'S)-5-Fluoro-1-isoxazolidin-5-yl-1H-pyrimidine-2,4-dione [(-)-AdFU], while showing low level of cytotoxicity, is a good inductor of apoptosis on lymphoid and monocytoid cells, acting as a ...
Manganelli Paolo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of apoptosis in the pathogenesis of Sjögren syndrome (SS), a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by the infiltration of mononuclear cells in the salivary and lacrimal glands, leading to the destruction of the parenchymal tissue. METHODS: A detailed search via MEDLINE (PubMed) and Biosis, covering the ...
Hodge S J - - 2003
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with inflammation of airway epithelium, including an increase in the number of intraepithelial T cells. Increased apoptosis of these T cells has been reported in the airways in COPD, and although this process is critical for clearing excess activated T cells, excessive rates ...
Markotic A - - 2003
Hantaviruses are maintained in nature in persistently infected rodents and can also persistently infect cultured mammalian cells, causing little or no cytopathology. An unexpected outcome of this study was the observation of cytopathic effects (CPE) in the hantavirus-infected human embryonic kidney cell line HEK293. It was confirmed that hantaviruses induce ...
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