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Truman Jean-Philip - - 2012
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and oxLDL-containing immune complexes (oxLDL-IC) contribute to the formation of lipid-laden macrophages (foam cells). Fcγ receptors mediate uptake of oxLDL-IC, whereas scavenger receptors internalize oxLDL. We have previously reported that oxLDL-IC, but not free oxLDL, activate macrophages and prolong their survival. Sphingomyelin is a major constituent ...
Bauer Dirk - - 2012
Amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) reportedly improves herpetic stromal keratitis (HSK). Here we studied the role of the amniotic membrane (AM) on macrophages. BALB/c mice with necrotizing HSK received an AMT or tarsorrhaphy (TAR) as control. Apoptosis of F4/80+ cells was determined using the annexinV/7-AAD system. Macrophage invasion was determined using ...
Mogilenko Denis A - - 2012
Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) is the main functional protein component of human high-density lipoproteins. ApoA-I shows various anti-inflammatory and atheroprotective properties toward macrophages; however, endogenous apoA-I expression has not been investigated in macrophages. We have shown that endogenous apoA-I gene is expressed in human macrophages at both mRNA and protein levels. ...
Plantier Laurent - - 2012
Pulmonary inflammation is associated with altered lipid synthesis and clearance related to diabetes, obesity, and various inherited metabolic disorders. In many tissues, lipogenesis is regulated at the transcriptional level by the activity of sterol-response element-binding proteins (SREBP). The role of SREBP activation in the regulation of lipid metabolism in the ...
Cui Huanhuan L - - 2012
HIV infection, through the actions of viral accessory protein Nef, impairs activity of cholesterol transporter ABCA1, inhibiting cholesterol efflux from macrophages and elevating the risk of atherosclerosis. Nef also induces lipid raft formation. In this study, we demonstrate that these activities are tightly linked and affect macrophage function and HIV ...
Suski Jan M - - 2012
Mitochondria are considered as the main source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cell. For this reason, they have been recognized as a source of various pathological conditions as well as aging. Chronic increase in the rate of ROS production is responsible for the accumulation of ROS-associated damages in ...
Mbimba Thomas - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the most common cancers in the world, is a leading cause of cancerrelated mortality. HCC develops most frequently in the background of oxidative stress and chronic hepatic inflammation due to viral infections, alcohol abuse as well as exposure to environmental and dietary carcinogens. As the ...
Röhner Eric E Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Charité-Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany. - - 2012
The role of oral bacterial infections including periodontal disease in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has gained increasing interest. Among the major periodontal pathogens, Porphyromonas gingivalis has been mostly associated with RA pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of P. gingivalis total lipid (TL) ...
Kumagai Takeshi - - 2011
Electrophiles in environmental pollutants or cigarette smoke are high risk factors for various diseases caused by cell injuries such as apoptosis and inflammation. Here we show that electrophilic compounds such as diethyl malate (DEM), methyl mercury and cigarette smoke extracts significantly enhanced the expression of acidic sphingomyelinase (ASMase). ASMase activity ...
George Kimberly S - - 2012
Modification of major lipid raft components, such as cholesterol and ceramide, plays a role in regulation of programmed cell death under various stimuli. However, the relationship between cholesterol level modification and the activation of apoptotic signaling cascades upon UVB light has not been established. In this report, we demonstrate that ...
Wang Jia-He - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ganoderma lucidum (Lingzhi) is traditionally drug, which has been traditionally effective used in the treatment of chronic hepatopathy, hypertension, hyperglycemia and cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: Ganoderma lucidum has been used extensively as a folk remedy for its anti-tumor activity. The present study aims to elucidate the signaling ...
Siasos Gerasimos - - 2011
The role of inflammation in the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases is well established. Systemic inflammation and immune system play a central role in atherogenesis. The strong dependence of the atherosclerotic process on both a state of continuous low grade inflammation and the presence of lipid abnormalities gave impetus ...
Houde Mathieu - - 2012
Streptococcus suis type 2 is a major swine pathogen and a zoonotic agent, causing meningitis in both swine and humans. S. suis infects the host through the respiratory route, reaches the bloodstream, and persists until breaching into the central nervous system. The capsular polysaccharide (CPS) of S. suis type 2 ...
Nicolaou Giovanna - - 2012
Atherosclerotic lesions contain DNA signatures from a wide variety of bacteria, although little is known of how exposure to these organisms may modulate the accumulation of lipids in macrophages. To address this, a panel of nine bacteria representing those most frequently reported to be present in human atheroma were examined ...
Adibhatla Rao Muralikrishna - - 2012
Tricyclodecan-9-yl-xanthogenate (D609) is known for its antiviral and antitumor properties. D609 actions are widely attributed to inhibiting phosphatidylcholine (PC)-specific phospholipase C (PC-PLC). D609 also inhibits sphingomyelin synthase (SMS). PC-PLC and/or SMS inhibition will affect lipid second messengers 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) and/or ceramide. Evidence indicates either PC-PLC and/or SMS inhibition affected the ...
Solmesky Leonardo J - - 2011
Lipid-based nanoparticles (LNPs) are widely used for the delivery of drugs and nucleic acids. Although most of them are considered safe, there is confusing evidence in the literature regarding their potential cellular toxicities. Moreover, little is known about the recovery process cells undergo after a cytotoxic insult. We have previously ...
Shimoyama Atsushi - - 2011
Helicobacter pylori is a common cause of gastroduodenal inflammatory diseases such as chronic gastritis and peptic ulcers and also an important factor in gastric carcinogenesis. Recent reports have demonstrated that bacterial inflammatory processes, such as stimulation with H. pylori lipopolysaccharide (LPS), initiate atherosclerosis. To establish the structures responsible for the inflammatory ...
Herker Eva - - 2012
Lipid droplets (LDs) are highly dynamic cell organelles involved in energy homeostasis and membrane trafficking. Here, we review how select pathogens interact with LDs. Several RNA viruses use host LDs at different steps of their life cycle. Some intracellular bacteria and parasites usurp host LDs or encode their own lipid ...
Anzinger Joshua J - - 2012
Accumulation of cholesterol by macrophage uptake of LDL is a key event in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Previous research has shown that granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is present in atherosclerotic plaques and promotes aortic lipid accumulation. However, it has not been determined whether murine GM-CSF-differentiated macrophages take up LDL ...
Niculescu Loredan S - - 2011
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and apolipoprotein E (apoE) are secreted by macrophages. Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is a potent inducer of apoE secretion from lipid-loaded macrophages, but its effect on CETP is not known. We aimed to identify the signaling pathways involved in apoA-I and HDL-mediated regulation of CETP and ...
Qin Weiwei - - 2011
PURPOSE: Simvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that are independent of lipid-lowering abilities. This experiment was carried out to explore the effects of simvastatin on apoptosis in vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques of apoE-deficient mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight weeks-old apoE(-/-) mice were fed a Western-type ...
Lemaire-Ewing Stéphanie - - 2011
Lipid rafts are microdomains of the plasma membrane which are enriched in cholesterol and sphingolipids. They serve as a platform for signal transduction, in particular during immune and inflammatory responses. As hypercholesterolemia and inflammation are two key elements of atherogenesis, it is conceivable that the cholesterol and cholesterol oxide content ...
Zingg Jean-Marc - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests potential benefits from phytochemicals and micronutrients in protecting against atherosclerosis and inflammation, but the molecular mechanisms of these actions are still unclear. Here we investigated whether the dietary polyphenol curcumin can modulate the accumulation of lipids in monocytes/macrophages. Curcumin increased the expression of two lipid transport genes, ...
Qi Hai-Yan - - 2011
Autophagy delivers cytoplasmic constituents to autophagosomes and is involved in innate and adaptive immunity. Cytosolic phospholipase (cPLA(2))-initiated proinflammatory lipid mediator pathways play a critical role in host defense and inflammation. The crosstalk between the two pathways remains unclear. In this study, we report that cPLA(2) and its metabolite lipid mediators ...
Mandal Samir - - 2012
Chronic lead (Pb(2+)) exposure leads to the reduced lifespan of erythrocytes. Oxidative stress and K(+) loss accelerate Fas translocation into lipid raft microdomains inducing Fas mediated death signaling in these erythrocytes. Pathophysiological-based therapeutic strategies to combat against erythrocyte death were evaluated using garlic-derived organosulfur compounds like diallyl disulfide (DADS), S ...
Glucksam-Galnoy Yifat - - 2011
Macrophages, pivotal cells in onset and progression of inflammation, can benefit from sub-cellular drug targeting to the molecular loci of drug action, whether cell membrane or cell interior. Postulating manipulation of liposome size and surface properties can provide sub-cellular targeting, we studied: thermodynamics of liposome-macrophage binding; liposome cellular localizations; liposome ...
Basnet Purusotam - - 2011
Curcumin is a well-established natural antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. Up till now its potential in treatment of vaginal inflammation has not been evaluated. We are aiming at developing liposomal delivery system for curcumin targeting vaginal administration. Liposomes as nanosized phospholipid-based vesicles are expected to solubilize curcumin and enhance its activity, ...
Yamamoto Suguru S Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1161 21st Avenue South, C-4204 Medical Center North, Nashville, TN 37232-2584, - - 2011
Angiotensin II is a major determinant of atherosclerosis. Although macrophages are the most abundant cells in atherosclerotic plaques and express angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1), the pathophysiologic role of macrophage AT1 in atherogenesis remains uncertain. We examined the contribution of macrophage AT1 to accelerated atherosclerosis in an angiotensin II-responsive ...
Li Xia - - 2011
Abstract Apoptosis has been shown to be accompanied by changes in cellular phospholipids. In this study, lipidomic strategy was applied to investigate the early changes in Hela cell phospholipid metabolism in response to paclitaxel-induced apoptosis. A total of 240 phospholipid species were profiled and 202 of them were quantified using ...
Shin Hee Soon - - 2011
Oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α are thought to be involved in mucosal inflammation. The intestinal epithelium may be concurrently stimulated by both oxidative stress and inflammatory cytokines during the inflammation process in the intestines. However, experimental models for intestinal inflammation still employ single stimulation, either by an ...
Adamson Samantha S Department of Pharmacology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, - - 2011
The accumulation of macrophages in the vascular wall is a hallmark of atherosclerosis. The biological properties of atherosclerotic plaque macrophages determine lesion size, composition, and stability. In atherosclerotic plaques, macrophages encounter a microenvironment that comprises a variety of lipid oxidation products, each of which has diverse biological effects. In this ...
Xie Na - - 2011
Lipid rafts are cholesterol- and sphingolipid-rich membrane microdomains that have been shown to participate in the entry, assembly and budding of various viruses. However, their involvement in HBV replication remains poorly characterized. In a preliminary study, we observed that HBV release could be markedly impaired by methyl-β-cyclodextrin mediated depletion of ...
Farooqui Akhlaq A - - 2011
Lipid mediators are important endogenous regulators derived from enzymatic degradation of glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids, and cholesterol by phospholipases, sphingomyelinases, and cytochrome P450 hydroxylases, respectively. In neural cells, lipid mediators are associated with proliferation, differentiation, oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis. A major group of lipid mediators, which originates from the enzymatic oxidation ...
Vladykovskaya Elena E Diabetes and Obesity Center, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2011
The generation of oxidized phospholipids in lipoproteins has been linked to vascular inflammation in atherosclerotic lesions. Products of phospholipid oxidation increase endothelial activation; however, their effects on macrophages are poorly understood, and it is unclear whether these effects are regulated by the biochemical pathways that metabolize oxidized phospholipids. We found ...
Wang Dau-Chung - - 2011
The morphological change of cellular apoptosis initiates from the change of membrane roughness. In order to identify cellular apoptosis in its early stage, atomic force microscope was adapted to reveal the change of membrane roughness in unprecedented details, providing an image in nanometer-scaled resolution. The mouse monocyte/macrophage cell line RAW ...
D'Avila Heloisa - - 2011
Lipid bodies (lipid droplets) are lipid-rich organelles with functions in cell metabolism and signaling. Here, we investigate the mechanisms of Trypanosoma cruzi-induced lipid body formation and their contributions to host-parasite interplay. We demonstrate that T. cruzi-induced lipid body formation in macrophages occurs in a Toll-like receptor 2-dependent mechanism and is ...
Parathath Sajesh S NYU School of Medicine, Departments of Medicine (Cardiology) and Cell Biology, Marc and Ruti Bell Program in Vascular Biology, New York, NY 10016, - - 2011
Human atherosclerotic plaques contain large numbers of cells deprived of O(2). In murine atherosclerosis, because the plaques are small, it is controversial whether hypoxia can occur. To examine if murine plaques contain hypoxic cells, and whether hypoxia regulates changes in cellular lipid metabolism and gene expression in macrophages. Aortic plaques ...
Stefanutti Claudia - - 2011
Available evidence on the effects of therapeutic plasmapheresis (TP) techniques and in particular lipid- and LDL-apheresis (LDL-a) on plasmatic inflammatory mediators including cytokines were reviewed. Studies on this issue are not numerous. However, the review of existing evidence clearly suggests an active role of apheresis on the profile of inflammatory ...
Tarantino Giovanni G Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University Medical School of Naples, Via Sergio Pansini 580131 Naples, Italy. - - 2011
The incidence of obesity has dramatically increased in recent years. Consequently, obesity and associated disorders such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease constitute a serious problem. Therefore, the contribution of adipose tissue to metabolic homeostasis has become a focus of interest. In this review, we discuss the latest discoveries that support ...
Ito Yuki - - 2011
Diesel exhaust (DE) is one of the air pollutants in the world, and exposure to DE is an environmental health concern. Most studies amongst the limited number of studies on hepatotoxicity have focused on genotoxicity or mutagenicity. However, DE exposure may cause liver damage because one prospective study suggests that ...
Meng Jianmin - - 2011
Lipid A (a hexaacylated 1,4' bisphosphate) is a potent immune stimulant for TLR4/MD-2. Upon lipid A ligation, the TLR4/MD-2 complex dimerizes and initiates signal transduction. Historically, studies also suggested the existence of TLR4/MD-2-independent LPS signaling. In this article, we define the role of TLR4 and MD-2 in LPS signaling by ...
Podechard N - - 2011
1-Nitropyrene (1-NP) is a nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (nitro-PAH) present in diesel exhaust and bound to particular matter in urban air. We show that 1-NP and the referent PAH benzo(a)pyrene (BP) induce apoptosis and a lipid accumulation dependent on cytochrome P450 1A1-metabolites in mouse hepatoma cells, whereas 1-amino-pyrene had no effect. ...
Montazeri Aliabadi Hamidreza - - 2011
Post-transcriptional silencing of anti-apoptotic genes is a promising strategy for cancer therapy, but delivering short interfering RNA (siRNA) molecules against such targets is challenging due to inability of anionic siRNA to cross cellular membranes. Lipid substitution on small molecular weight, non-toxic polyethylenimine (PEI) has been investigated as a promising approach ...
Yehuda Hila - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The potential of the atherogenic human carotid plaque to stimulate the inflammatory process was examined in human monocytes and macrophages, in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS: Exposure of monocytes to human carotid plaque lipid extract (LE) elevated the transcription level of the proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor ...
Perrin-Cocon Laure - - 2011
Lipoproteins are both lipid carriers in the blood and regulators of essential biological processes. Several studies demonstrated that lipoproteins modified during pathological conditions could alter dendritic cell (DC) maturation. Here the immune function of non-pathological lipoproteins is addressed by analysing their impact on human DC maturation triggered by TLR ligands. ...
Bobryshev Yuri V - - 2011
Inflammatory reactions driven by an accumulation in the intima of immune-inflammatory cells and focal lipid depositions are the hallmarks of atherogenesis. It is commonly accepted that immune-inflammatory cell accumulation and lipid deposition are associated with the very earlier stage of atherosclerosis but no study has yet focused on the determination ...
Bardhan Jayeeta - - 2011
Vitamin E family constitutes of tocopherol and tocotrienol. Each form has several isomers: alpha,beta, gamma, delta, desmo and didesmo. Although tocopherol is known much earlier, tocotrienol has been discovered more recently.Tocotrienol has higher antioxidant potential than tocopherol. Research shows that tocotrienol can inhibit the induced oxidative damage to lipids and ...
McMurray David N - - 2011
It is now well established that dietary lipids are incorporated into macrophage and T-cell membrane microdomains, altering their structure and function. Within cell membranes, there are specific detergent-resistant domains in which key signal transduction proteins are localized. These regions are classified as "lipid rafts". Rafts are composed mostly of cholesterol ...
Sipkens Jessica A - - 2011
We previously found that homocysteine (Hcy) induced plasma membrane flip-flop, apoptosis, and necrosis in cardiomyocytes. Inactivation of flippase by Hcy induced membrane flip-flop, while apoptosis was induced via a NOX2-dependent mechanism. It has been suggested that S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) is the main causative factor in hyperhomocysteinemia (HHC)-induced pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. ...
Frisdal Eric - - 2011
Cholesterol-laden monocyte-derived macrophages are phagocytic cells characteristic of early and advanced atherosclerotic lesions. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a macrophage secretory product that is abundantly expressed in atherosclerotic plaques but whose precise role in atherogenesis is unclear. The capacity of macrophages to clear apoptotic cells, through the efferocytosis mechanism, as well as ...
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