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Choe Jung-Yoon JY Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, 33, Duryugongwon-ro 17-gil, Nam-gu, Daegu, 705-718, Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study is to clarify the effect of oxidative stress on monosodium urate (MSU)-mediated apoptosis of renal cells. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunoblotting for Bcl-2, caspase-9, caspase-3, iNOS, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-18, TNF receptor-associated factor-6 (TRAF-6), and mitogen-activated protein kinases were performed on human ...
Hato Takashi T Departments of Medicine - - 2014
Preconditioning is a preventative approach, whereby minimized insults generate protection against subsequent larger exposures to the same or even different insults. In immune cells, endotoxin preconditioning downregulates the inflammatory response and yet, preserves the ability to contain infections. However, the protective mechanisms of preconditioning at the tissue level in organs ...
Su Zhengming Z Department of Urology, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, P.R. - - 2014
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an important class of small, non‑coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression at the transcriptional or post‑transcriptional level. They are involved in apoptosis, proliferation and migration and are known to have an important role in many types of cancer. Aberrant expression of miRNA‑451a (miR‑451a) has previously been reported ...
Zhong Shan S Centre for Lipid Research, Key Laboratory of Metabolism on Lipid and Glucose, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, - - 2014
Inflammation and lipids play significant roles in the progression of chronic kidney disease. This study was designed to investigate whether inflammation disrupts cellular cholesterol homeostasis and causes the lipid nephrotoxicity in vitro and in vivo, and explored its underlying mechanisms. Inflammatory stress was induced by cytokines (interleukin-1β (IL-1β); tumor necrosis ...
Homsi Eduardo E University of Campinas - - 2014
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) serum level increases after rhabdomyolysis and is involved in the subsequent cardio-renal injury. In this study, we investigated TNF-α-dependent cell signaling pathways implicated in the cellular injury in these organs. Rhabdomyolysis was induced by intramuscular glycerol injection in rats. The renal function, cardiac and renal pathology ...
Yang Yifei Y Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, - - 2014
Background: Renal tubular cell apoptosis is a key mechanism of contrast-induced acute kidney injury. It has been reported that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is the underlying mechanism of high osmolar contrast-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis. Whether ER stress is involved in low osmolar contrast-induced renal tubular cell injury remains unclear. ...
Yang Yunbo Y Matthew Mailing Centre for Translational Transplantation Studies, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Cytokines and chemokines produced by tubular epithelial and infiltrating cells are critical to inflammation in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. IL-37, a newly described IL-1 family member, inhibits IL-18-dependent pro-inflammatory cytokine production by its binding to IL-18 receptors and IL-18 binding protein. The potential role of IL-37 in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is ...
Tu Yue Y Department of Nephrology, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China; Department of Graduate School, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjng, - - 2014
Dahuang Fuzi Decoction (DFD) is a traditional well-prescribed formula for the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in China. This study was carried out to examine the effects of DFD in adenine-induced tubular epithelial apoptosis and renal damage, in comparison with allopurinol (AP), then to clarify the therapeutic mechanisms in ...
Dong Biao B Department of Transplantation and Hepatic Surgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China; Department of Urology, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, - - 2014
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis is implicated in a wide range of diseases, including ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). As a common feature of ER stress, the role of CCAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) in renal IRI has not been thoroughly investigated. We found that IR led to renal CHOP expression, accompanied ...
El Gamal Ali A AA Department of Pharmacognosy and Medicinal, Aromatic & Poisonous Plants Research Center (MAPPRC), College of Pharmacy, P.O. Box 2457, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia ; Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, El Mansoura 35516, - - 2014
The present investigation was designed to investigate the protective effect of (Beta vulgaris L.) beat root ethanolic extract (BVEE) on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity and to elucidate the potential mechanism. Serum specific kidney function parameters (urea, uric acid, total protein, creatinine, and histopathology of kidney tissue) were evaluated to access gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. ...
Rogerio Alexandre P - - 2012
Asthma is a disease of airway inflammation that in most cases fails to resolve. The resolution of inflammation is an active process governed by specific chemical mediators, including D-series resolvins. In this study, we determined the impact of resolvin D1 (RvD1) and aspirin-triggered RvD1 (AT-RvD1) on the development of allergic ...
Higashi Noritaka - - 2012
The clinical syndrome of aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA) is characterized by aspirin/nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug intolerance, bronchial asthma, and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis. AIA reactions are evidently triggered by pharmacological effect of cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitors. Urine sampling is a non-invasive research tool for time-course measurements in clinical investigations. The urinary stable metabolite ...
Bektas Nurcan - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Capparis ovata Desf. has wide natural distribution in Turkey and it is consumed in pickled form. Flower buds, root bark, and fruits of the plant are used traditionally due to their analgesic, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, anti-rheumatismal, tonic, and diuretic effects. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this ...
Hills Frank A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effects of insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II), heparin, aspirin and vitamin C on the proliferation and apoptosis of human villous cytotrophoblast from first trimester and term placentae. STUDY DESIGN: Villous cytotrophoblast cells were isolated from uncomplicated first trimester (n=12) and term placental ...
Aksu Kenan - - 2012
Although inflammation-induced thrombosis is a well-known entity, its pathogenesis remains complicated. There are complex interactions between inflammation and hemostasis, involving proinflammatory cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules, tissue factor expression, platelet and endothelial activation, and microparticles. Inflammation increases procoagulant factors, and also inhibits natural anticoagulant pathways and fibrinolytic activity, causing a thrombotic ...
Brown R A - - 2012
We have previously demonstrated that heparin inhibits neutrophil activation, but the precise mechanism of action remains to be elucidated. The current aim was to further investigate the effects of heparin at inducing apoptosis of neutrophils and whether this was related to antagonism at IP(3) receptors. Furthermore, we investigated the ability ...
Prot Jean-Matthieu - - 2011
We have analyzed transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic profiles of hepatoma cells cultivated inside a microfluidic biochip with or without acetaminophen (APAP). Without APAP, the results show an adaptive cellular response to the microfluidic environment, leading to the induction of anti-oxidative stress and cytoprotective pathways. In presence of APAP, calcium homeostasis ...
Menéndez Rosario - - 2011
Abstract BACKGROUND:Inflammatory response in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) depends on the host and on the challenge of the causal microorganism. Here we analyze the patterns of inflammatory cytokines, procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in order to determine their diagnostic value. METHODS:Prospective study of 658 patients admitted with CAP. PCT and ...
Huttunen Reetta - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that immunoparalysis and lymphocyte apoptosis play a critical role in severe bacteremia. Monitoring apoptosis on a routine basis in septic patients has proved challenging. We here studied the prognostic value of apoptosis markers human soluble Fas (sFas), Fas ligand (FasL) and sFas/FasL ratio in patients ...
Kou Peng Meng - - 2012
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a critical role in orchestrating the host responses to a wide variety of foreign antigens and are essential in maintaining immune tolerance. Distinct biomaterials have been shown to differentially affect the phenotype of DCs, which suggested that biomaterials may be used to modulate immune response toward ...
Hector Suzanne - - 2011
ObjectiveKey to the clinical management of colorectal cancer is identifying tools which aid in assessing patient prognosis and determining more effective and personalised treatment strategies. We evaluated whether an experimental systems biology strategy which analyses the susceptibility of cancer cells to undergo caspase activation can be exploited to predict patient ...
Zuiverloon Tahlita C M - - 2012
Currently, bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) intravesical instillations are standard treatment for patients with high-grade non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer; however, no markers are available to predict BCG response. To review the contemporary literature on markers predicting BCG response, to discuss the key issues concerning the identification of predictive markers, and to provide recommendations ...
Villalba R - - 2011
PURPOSE: Removal of the meniscus leads to progressive degenerative arthritis of the knee on a long-term basis; therefore, meniscal allograft transplantation has been proposed as an alternative to meniscectomy. Preservation methods are required to build up operational stocks and to provide living grafts of a practical size at the right ...
Lee Angie - - 2012
The aim of this human investigation is to explore the relationship of gingivitis with salivary biomarkers, periodontal pathogens, and interleukin (IL)-1 polymorphism after a transient inflammatory burden. Thirty healthy human participants were randomized by IL-1 genotype status to control for potential influences of this particular single nucleotide polymorphism on the ...
Germain Marc - - 2011
BCL-2 homologues lie at the interface between apoptosis and autophagy, regulating these two critical cellular pathways. However, the mechanisms controlling their coordinate regulation and the consequences on cellular survival are not fully understood. We recently showed that MCL-1 is a critical regulator of autophagy in cells lines and neurons. Our ...
Mandalari G - - 2011
Functional deficits following spinal cord injury (SCI) arise from both mechanical injury and from secondary tissue reactions involving inflammation. Natural almond skins (NS) were tested to evaluate anti-inflammatory effects on an animal model of SCI. SCI was induced by the application of vascular clips to the dura via a four-level ...
Yang Jian Zhi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and underlying mechanism of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH)-induced supraphysiologic concentration of E(2) on the endometrium and outcome of embryo implantation. DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. SETTING: University-based laboratory. ANIMAL(S): Imprinting control region female mice, 8-10 weeks old with regular estrous cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Intraperitoneal injection of 10 ...
Chen Yi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Activin A, a member of transforming growth factor-β superfamily, has been established as a critical cytokine released early in endotoxemia and other inflammatory syndromes. The release of activin A and its binding protein, follistatin during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has not been previously reported. Our study aimed to define the ...
Lazar Adler Natalie R - - 2011
Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia mallei are closely related Gram-negative bacteria responsible for the infectious diseases melioidosis and glanders, respectively. Autotransporters (ATs) comprise a large and diverse family of secreted and outer membrane proteins that includes virulence-associated invasins, adhesins, proteases, and actin-nucleating factors. The B. pseudomallei K96243 genome contains 11 predicted ...
Pallanck Leo J - - 2010
The PINK1-Parkin pathway plays a critical role in mitochondrial quality control by selectively targeting damaged mitochondria for autophagy. In this issue, Tanaka et al. (2010. J. Cell Biol. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201007013) demonstrate that the AAA-type ATPase p97 acts downstream of PINK1 and Parkin to segregate fusion-incompetent mitochondria for turnover. p97 acts ...
Ye Qiao - - 2011
TNF receptors (TNFR1 and TNFR2) and Fas belong to the system of apoptosis-signalling receptor molecules and may play a role in the pathogenesis of interstitial lung disease. Patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) usually respond well to corticosteroids, in contrast to those with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). This may be ...
Saenz Brenda - - 2010
Regulatory T cells participate in several immune responses including autoimmune reactions inducing self-tolerance, tumor immunity, transplantation tolerance and microbial infection. Nevertheless regulatory T cells actions seem to be different when they are in the central nervous system (CNS), since they interact with resident cells of the CNS, according to the ...
Edwards L A - - 2011
Human ex vivo evidence indicating that an inappropriate immune response(s) to nonpathogenic bacteria contributes to disease pathogenesis in pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) is limited. The aim of the present study was to compare and contrast the early innate immune response of pediatric "healthy" versus CD mucosa to pathogenic, probiotic, and ...
Hui Subhra Prakash - - 2010
Zebrafish proves to be an excellent model system to study spinal cord regeneration because it can repair its disengaged axons and replace lost cells after injury, allowing the animal to make functional recovery. We have characterized injury response following crush injury, which is comparable to the mammalian mode of injury. ...
Impellizzeri Daniela - - 2011
NADPH-oxidase is an enzyme responsible for reactive oxygen species production, and inhibition of this enzyme represents an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of many diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Apocynin, NADPH-oxidase inhibitor, in the modulation of secondary injury in the spinal cord. ...
Hao Junwei J Division of Neurology, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ 85013, - - 2011
A considerable number of in vivo studies have demonstrated that the cholinergic system can dampen the peripheral immune response, and it is thought that the α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtype is a key mediator of this process. The goal of the present study was to determine if nicotine modulates immunological ...
Loane David J DJ Department of Anesthesiology & Center for Shock, Trauma and Anesthesiology Research (STAR), National Study Center for Trauma and EMS, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, - - 2010
Microglia are the primary mediators of the immune defense system of the CNS and are integral to the subsequent inflammatory response. The role of microglia in the injured CNS is under scrutiny, as research has begun to fully explore how postinjury inflammation contributes to secondary damage and recovery of function. ...
Sîrbulescu R F - - 2010
Teleost fish exhibit an excellent potential for structural and functional recovery after CNS lesions. The function of apoptosis in the process of regeneration remains controversial. While some studies have identified this type of cell death as essential for successful regeneration, other investigations have suggested some degree of functional improvement after ...
Hale David M - - 2011
Nuclear factor kappaB (NFκB) is a key transcriptional regulator of inflammatory genes. We investigated the modulatory effects of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs), microglia and meningeal fibroblasts on translocation of NFκB to astrocyte nuclei. The percentage of activated astrocytes in co-cultures with OECs was significantly less than for co-cultures with microglia ...
van Neerven Sabien - - 2010
In the central nervous system inflammation is mediated by microglia and astrocytes. To investigate its regulation, murine astrocyte cultures were treated with bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and analyzed with Affymetrix gene array, qRT-PCR and ELISA. Cells responded to LPS with a strong upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Treatment with the ...
Shie Feng-Shiun - - 2011
Neuroimmune pharmacology is a newly emerging field that intersects with neuroscience, immunology, and pharmacology and that is seeking avenues for translational research and better understanding of disease mechanisms. It focuses on the immunity of the central nervous system (CNS) which is greatly influenced by endogenous effectors, such as cytokines and ...
Olby Natasha - - 2010
Mechanical damage to the spinal cord initiates a secondary injury cascade that results in ischemia, disturbances in ion concentrations, excitotoxicity, production of reactive oxygen species, inflammation, and apoptosis. Over weeks to months a glial scar forms, and scarring can result in the development of syringomyelia. In the early phase of ...
Kulbatski Iris - - 2010
Stem/precursor cell (SPC) therapy for neurodegeneration and neurotrauma has enormous therapeutic potential, but despite ongoing research efforts the success of clinical trials remains limited. Therapies that utilize immune suppression in combination with SPC transplantation have thus far failed to consider the beneficial role of the immune system in central nervous ...
Lee Seung Ihm - - 2010
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) triggers inflammatory reactions in which various types of cells and cytokines are involved. Several proinflammatory cytokines are up-regulated after SCI and play crucial roles in determining the extent of secondary tissue damage. However, relatively little is known about antiinflammatory cytokines and their roles in spinal ...
Dibaj Payam - - 2010
As CNS macrophages, microglia show a high spontaneous motility of their processes, continuously surveying their microenvironment. Upon CNS injury, microglia react by immediate cellular polarization and process extension toward the lesion site as well as by subsequent amoeboid lesion-directed migration and phagocytosis. To determine the ability of microglia to fulfill ...
Wee Yong V - - 2010
Inflammation of the central nervous system (CNS) (neuroinflammation) is now recognized to be a feature of all neurological disorders. In multiple sclerosis, there is prominent infiltration of various leukocyte subsets into the CNS. Even when there is no significant inflammatory infiltrates, such as in Parkinson or Alzheimer disease, there is ...
Giraudon Pascale - - 2010
During any viral infection of the central nervous system (CNS), the extent and nature of neural cell alterations are dictated by the localization of virus replication and, possibly, persistence. However, one additional source of CNS damage comes from the immune response that develops following CNS viral infection. Indeed, despite of ...
Downes Catherine E - - 2010
The CNS can exhibit features of inflammation in response to injury, infection or disease, whereby resident cells generate inflammatory mediators, including cytokines, prostaglandins, free radicals and complement, chemokines and adhesion molecules that recruit immune cells, and activate glia and microglia. Cerebral ischaemia triggers acute inflammation, which exacerbates primary brain damage. ...
Agrawal Smriti M - - 2011
The central nervous system (CNS) is a relatively immune-privileged organ, wherein a well-instated barrier system (the blood-brain barrier) prevents the entry of blood cells into the brain with the exception of regular immune surveillance cells. Despite this tight security immune cells are successful in entering the CNS tissue where they ...
Millward Jason M - - 2010
Inflammatory responses are essential for immune protection but may also cause pathology and must be regulated. Both Th1 and Th17 cells are implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune inflammatory diseases, such as multiple sclerosis. We show in this study that IL-18-binding protein (IL-18bp), the endogenous inhibitor of the Th1-promoting cytokine ...
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