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Liu Jinyao J Jinyao Liu, Department of Legal Medicine, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8505, - - 2014
Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD), a potentially pathologic condition, can progress to steatohepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis, leading to an increased probability of hepatic failure and death. Alcohol induces fatty liver by increasing the ratio of reduced form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide to oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in hepatocytes; ...
González-Reimers Emilio E Emilio González-Reimers, Francisco Santolaria-Fernández, María Candelaria Martín-González, Camino María Fernández-Rodríguez, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, 38320 Canary Islands, - - 2014
Excessive ethanol consumption affects virtually any organ, both by indirect and direct mechanisms. Considerable research in the last two decades has widened the knowledge about the paramount importance of proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative damage in the pathogenesis of many of the systemic manifestations of alcoholism. These cytokines derive primarily from ...
Wang Yushu Y Department of Neurology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Alcohol consumption induces inflammatory damage in vessels, and the underlying mechanism is unclear. Valsartan, as one of the angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), plays a role in the inhibition of inflammatory reactions in vascular dysfunction. This study is to investigate the role of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in alcohol-induced inflammatory damage ...
Shi Yu - - 2014
BackgroundAlcohol is detrimental to early development. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) due to maternal alcohol abuse results in a series of developmental abnormalities including cranial facial dysmorphology, ocular anomalies, congenital heart defects, microcephaly and intellectual disabilities. Previous studies have been shown that ethanol exposure causes neural crest (NC) apoptosis and ...
Smith Susan M SM Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2014
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disability. Some affected individuals possess distinctive craniofacial deficits, but many more lack overt facial changes. An understanding of the mechanisms underlying these deficits would inform their diagnostic utility. Our understanding of these mechanisms is challenged because ethanol lacks a ...
Shen Hong H Department of Pathology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA 90509, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inflammation has been suggested as a mechanism underlying the development of alcoholic hepatitis (AH). The activation of the complement system plays an important role in inflammation. Although it has been shown that ethanol-induced activation of the complement system contributes to the pathophysiology of ethanol-induced liver injury in mice, whether ethanol ...
Sidharthan Sreetha S Critical Care Medicine Department, Department of Health and Human Services, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
Chronic alcohol abuse is a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Alcohol can also function synergistically with other risk factors to cause HCC. Hence, alcohol consumption is a major factor affecting hepatic carcinogenesis in millions and the cause of a substantial ...
Peng Yue Y LABioMed at Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Torrance, CA 90509, - - 2014
Recent studies indicate that the inflammasome activation plays important roles in the pathogenesis of alcoholic hepatitis (AH). Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) is a key component of the macromolecular complex that is so called the inflammasome that triggers caspase 1-dependent maturation of the precursors of IL-1β and IL-18 cytokines. It ...
Szabo Gyongyi G Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic excessive alcohol consumption results in inflammation in multiple organs, including the brain. While the contribution of neuroinflammation to alcohol-related cognitive dysfunction and behavioral alterations is established, the mechanisms by which alcohol triggers inflammation in the brain are only partially understood. There are acute and long-term alterations in brain function ...
Robinson Gizelle G Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, - - 2014
Immune or brain proinflammatory signaling has been linked to some of the behavioral effects of alcohol. Immune signaling appears to regulate voluntary ethanol intake in rodent models, and ethanol intake activates the immune system in multiple models. This bidirectional link raises the possibility that consumption increases immune signaling, which in ...
Velayuthaprabhu Shanmugam - - 2013
PROBLEM: To study the histopathology and expression of apoptosis in placenta of pregnancy-complicated antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)-positive mouse models. METHOD OF STUDY: ICR mice were immunized with IgG isotype of human anticardiolipin (aCL) and/or lupus anticoagulant (LA). The pathological and apoptotic expression was studied in the placenta of positive APS mice ...
Gabillet Julie - - 2012
Proteinase 3 (PR3) is the target of anti-neutrophil cytoplasm Abs in granulomatosis with polyangiitis, a form of systemic vasculitis. Upon neutrophil apoptosis, PR3 is coexternalized with phosphatidylserine and impaired macrophage phagocytosis. Calreticulin (CRT), a protein involved in apoptotic cell recognition, was found to be a new PR3 partner coexpressed with ...
Bernard-Marissal Nathalie - - 2012
Cellular responses to protein misfolding are thought to play key roles in triggering neurodegeneration. In the mutant superoxide dismutase (mSOD1) model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), subsets of motoneurons are selectively vulnerable to degeneration. Fast fatigable motoneurons selectively activate an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response that drives their early degeneration ...
Makhadiyeva Dinara D School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, Fife, - - 2012
Many MHC class I molecules contain unpaired cysteine residues in their cytoplasmic tail domains, the function of which remains relatively uncharacterized. Recently, it has been shown that in the small secretory vesicles known as exosomes, fully folded MHC class I dimers can form through a disulphide bond between the cytoplasmic ...
Yang Chunyan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Ghrelin, a gastric hormone, exerts cardio-protective function by increasing myocardial contractility and vasodilation. The previous studies have reported that angiotensin II (Ang II) production increased in heart failure, which can induce cardiomyocyte apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated the effect of ghrelin on Ang II-induced H9c2 cardiomyocyte apoptosis. ...
Qiu Tao - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Lentiviral-mediated shRNA against RelB was used to produce tolerogenic dendritic cells from murine bone marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). METHOD: RelB expression in the BMDCs was silenced by lentivirus carrying RelB shRNA. The apoptosis rate and surface markers of DCs were assessed by flow cytometry. IL-12,IL-10,TGF-β1 secreted by DCs ...
Wang Yi-Fen - - 2012
Nickel compounds are known to be toxic and carcinogenic in kidney and lung. In this present study, we investigated the roles of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondria in nickel (II) acetate-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in the HK-2 human renal cell line. The results showed that the cytotoxic effects of ...
Lutz Manfred B - - 2012
The hematopoietic growth factor GM-CSF has long been known for its colony-formation properties in the generation of neutrophils, macrophages and DCs. However, a study by Miah et al. in this issue of the European Journal of Immunology [Eur. J. Immunol. 2012. 42: 58-68] reports that GM-CSF also terminates its own ...
Spadaro Francesca - - 2011
Cross-presentation allows antigen-presenting cells to present exogenous antigens to CD8(+) T cells, playing an essential role in controlling infections and tumour development. Interferon-alpha induces the rapid differentiation of human monocytes into dendritic cells, known as IFN-DC, highly efficient in mediating cross-presentation, as well as the cross-priming of CD8(+) T cells. ...
Li Linlin - - 2011
A series of ruthenium complexes containing bis-benzimidazole derivatives have been synthesized and identified as able to target mitochondria and induce caspase-dependent apoptosis in cancer cells through superoxide overproduction.
Cebrian Ignacio - - 2011
Antigen (Ag) crosspresentation by dendritic cells (DCs) involves the presentation of internalized Ags on MHC class I molecules to initiate CD8+ T cell-mediated immunity in response to certain pathogens and tumor cells. Here, we identify the SNARE Sec22b as a specific regulator of Ag crosspresentation. Sec22b localizes to the ER-Golgi intermediate ...
Wagner Claudia S CS Department of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2012
The effect of dendritic cell (DC) maturation on MHC class II-restricted Ag presentation is well studied, but less is known about the effects of DC maturation on MHC class I-restricted cross-presentation. We investigated the ability of mature DCs to present Ags from cells infected with HSV-1. Pretreatment with pure LPS ...
Herbert K E - - 2011
Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces stress-induced premature senescence in human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMC) via reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation.1 This effect may explain some of the cardiovascular anti-ageing effects of angiotensin receptor blockers. The current study aimed to investigate the source of ROS mediating this premature senescence. Primary ...
Zuo Jianmin J Cancer Research UK Birmingham Cancer Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United - - 2011
Evasion of immune T cell responses is crucial for viruses to establish persistence in the infected host. Immune evasion mechanisms of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the context of MHC-I antigen presentation have been well studied. In contrast, viral interference with MHC-II antigen presentation is less well understood, not only for ...
Land Walter G - - 2011
Part 2 of the review focuses on the potential of oxidative injury-induced damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) to generate immunostimulatory dendritic cells (DCs) translating innate to adaptive immunity. Four different classes of DAMPs are defined, and their potential role in mediating pathways contributing to maturation of immunostimulatory DCs is explored and ...
Benedictus Lindert - - 2011
Citation Benedictus L, Thomas AJ, Jorritsma R, Davies CJ, Koets AP. Two-way calf to dam major histocompatibility class I compatibility increases risk for retained placenta in cattle. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011 Problem  In cattle, retained placenta (RP) is suggested to arise from failure of immune-mediated rejection of the fetal ...
Midura-Kiela Monica T - - 2012
Curcumin (diferulolylmethane) is an anti-inflammatory phenolic compound found effective in preclinical models of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and in ulcerative colitis patients. Pharmacokinetics of curcumin and its poor systemic bioavailability suggest that it targets preferentially intestinal epithelial cells. The intestinal epithelium, an essential component of the gut innate defense mechanisms, ...
Símová J - - 2011
Epigenetic mechanisms have important roles in the tumour escape from immune responses, such as in MHC class I downregulation or altered expression of other components involved in antigen presentation. Chemotherapy with DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) can thus influence the tumour cell interactions with the immune system and their sensitivity to ...
Othman Shatrah - - 2011
Despite aggressive efforts in dengue research, the control of dengue diseases and discovery of therapeutics against them await complete elucidation of its complex immune-pathogenesis. Unlike many viruses that escape the host's immune responses by suppressing the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class I pathway, many Flaviviruses up-regulate the cell surface expression ...
Yin Xiaocheng - - 2011
Autophagy and apoptosis are tightly regulated biological processes that are crucial for cell growth, development and tissue homeostasis. UVRAG (UV radiation resistance-associated gene), a mammalian homolog of yeast Vps38, activates the Beclin 1/PtdIns3KC3 (class III phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase) complex, which promotes autophagosome formation. Moreover, UVRAG promotes autophagosome maturation by recruiting class C ...
Konermann A - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) Background:  Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells are the main cellular constituents of the periodontium, maintain the integrity of the connective tissue, and impact pathology in periodontitis. The aim of this study was to analyze whether PDL cells recognize foreign particles and participate in the immune response ...
Xu Yingying - - 2011
Immunomodulating peptide tuftsin (Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg) was covalently conjugated to fullerene C(60) by two different ways to prepare NH(2)-tuftsin-C(60) and C(60)-tuftsin-COOH. The two new compounds were intensively characterized. The synthetic C(60)-tuftsin conjugates were assayed for their stability against leucine aminopeptidase degradation. And the immunostimulating activities to murine peritoneal macrophages were investigated in vitro. ...
Porter Gavin W - - 2011
Peptide loading of MHC class II (MHCII) molecules is catalyzed by the nonclassical MHCII-related molecule H2-M. H2-O, another MHCII-like molecule, associates with H2-M and modulates H2-M function. The MHCII presentation pathway is tightly regulated in dendritic cells (DCs), yet how the key modulators of MHCII presentation, H2-M and H2-O, are ...
Cho Sunglim - - 2011
Natural killer T (NKT) cells may play a crucial role in controlling viral infection by bridging the innate and adaptive immune systems. These cells are activated by lipids presented by CD1d molecules, which are structurally homologous to major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) molecules. Although human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can avoid ...
Wu Xiaoyan - - 2011
Antigen-dependent stimulation of T cells plays a critical role in adaptive immunity and host defense. Activation of major histocompatibility complex II (MHC II) molecules, dictated by Class II transactivator (CIITA), is considered a pivotal step in this process. The mechanism underlying differential regulation of CIITA activity by the post-translational modification ...
Sorensen Nanna S - - 2011
Peptidoglycan is a widespread bacterial PAMP molecule and a powerful initiator of innate immune responses. It consists of repeating units of MDP, which as a monomer is only weakly immunostimulatory. Here, MDP-coupled dendrimers were prepared and investigated for stimulation of pig blood mononuclear cells. Compared to monomeric MDP, MDP-dendrimers induced ...
Uto Tomofumi - - 2011
Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized antigen presenting cells that connect innate and adaptive immunity. DCs are considered as a major target for controlling excessive immune responses. In this study, the effect of cepharanthine (CEP), a biscoclaurine alkaloid isolated from Stephania cepharantha Hayata, on murine DCs was examined in vitro. CEP ...
Zdrenghea M T - - 2012
The cytokine interleukin (IL)-15, major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules and MHC class I chain-related proteins (MIC) A and B are involved in cellular immune responses to virus infections but their role in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection has not been studied. We aimed to determine how RSV infection ...
Maj Tomasz - - 2011
Immunoregulatory activity of type I interferons (IFNs) and estrogen is convergent in some cases of autoimmune disorders. The aim of our study was to determine whether a potent interaction of IFN and estradiol (E2) has an influence on immune response and estrogen receptor alpha (ER-α) expression in antigen-presenting cells in ...
Wang Hui-Fang - - 2011
PURPOSE: The aqueous humor (AH) contains numerous immunosuppressive molecules that contribute to the ocular immune privilege. Here, we mimic an inflammatory environment to analyze the inhibitory effects of the AH on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced maturation of dendritic cells (DC). METHODS: Different concentrations of AH were added to dendritic cell cultures together ...
Cirillo C - - 2011
Background  Enteric glial cells (EGCs) have been recently indicated as key regulators of intestinal inflammation in animals. Whether or not this is true and how these cells participate to inflammatory responses in humans is unknown. Methods  We isolated primary EGCs from human small bowel and then, we purified and characterized ...
Watts Colin C Division of Cell Signaling & Immunology, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. - - 2012
For a long time the lysosomal pathway was thought to be exclusively one for catabolism and recycling of material taken up by endocytosis from the external milieu or from the cytosol by autophagy. At least in the immune system it is clear now that endo/lysosomal proteolysis generates crucially important information, ...
Chen Li-Jun - - 2011
Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) compromises the host immune system, causing the severe disease of pigs. Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent inducers of immune responses. In the present study, we investigated the functional properties of porcine monocyte-derived DCs (Mo-DCs) affected by CSFV. Results showed that the expression of ...
Seizer Peter - - 2011
BACKGROUND: During inflammatory cardiomyopathy matrix metalloproteinases are crucially involved in cardiac remodeling. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the "extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer" EMMPRIN (CD147) and its ligand Cyclophilin A (CyPA) are upregulated in inflammatory cardiomyopathy and may serve as diagnostic markers. Therefore, a series of ...
Cui Ji-Hong - - 2011
Background: Apoptosis is involved in glomerular injuries leading to glomerulonephritis. However, the role of renal cellular apoptosis in the pathogenesis and progression of human lupus nephritis (LN) is controversial, and studies on the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, such as FasL, Bax and caspase-3, in different classifications of human LN renal ...
Rahnefeld Anna - - 2011
Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-infection is a frequent cause of acute myocarditis, which may result in chronic myocarditis and virus persistence. Investigation of initial immune responses may shed light on the mechanisms that contribute to ongoing disease. Dendritic cells (DCs) as key professional antigen-presentating cells were investigated in two MHC-matched hosts: while ...
Srdić-Rajić Tatjana - - 2011
We previously published the synthesis, characterization and cytotoxic effect of the novel Zn(II), Ni(II), and Cd(II) complexes with 2-formylpyridine selenosemicarbazone. Here we further investigate the mechanism of their antiproliferative activity against several cancer and vascular endothelial cell lines and compared it to the activity of the ligand itself, corresponding salts ...
Mejri N - - 2011
Intraperitoneal larval infection (alveolar echinococcosis, AE) with Echinococcus multilocularis in mice impairs host immunity. Metacestode metabolites may modulate immunity putatively via dendritic cells. During murine AE, a relative increase of peritoneal DCs (pe-DCs) in infected mice (AE-pe-DCs; 4% of total peritoneal cells) as compared to control mice (naïve pe-DCs; 2%) ...
Ning Wang-Bin - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to investigate the inhibitory effects of fluorofenidone on Ang II-induced apoptosis in renal tubular cells and the related signaling pathway. METHODS: Rat proximal tubular epithelial cells (NRK-52E) were used to examine the anti-apoptosis effects of fluorofenidone. Cell proliferation was assessed by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium ...
van den Elsen Peter J - - 2011
This chapter describes recent advances in our understanding how epigenetic events control immune functions with emphasis on transcriptional regulation of major histocompatibility complex ClassI (MIC-I) and Class II (MHC-II) genes. MHC-I and MHC-II molecules play an essential role in the adaptive immune response by virtue of their ability to present ...
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