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Zhou Hui-Fang - - 2014
The NF-κB signaling pathway is implicated in various inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA); therefore, inhibition of this pathway has the potential to ameliorate an array of inflammatory diseases. Given that NF-κB signaling is critical for many immune cell functions, systemic blockade of this pathway may lead to detrimental side ...
Asano Kota K Clinical Proteomics and Molecular Medicine, St. Marianna University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 216-8511, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Layilin (LAYN) is thought to be involved in reorganization of cytoskeleton structures, interacting with merlin, radixin, and talin. Also, LAYN is known to be one of the receptors for hyaluronic acid (HA). In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), inflammatory cytokines like tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) have been known to play pathological ...
van den Boomen Dick J H DJ Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0XY, United - - 2014
The US11 gene product of human cytomegalovirus promotes viral immune evasion by hijacking the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) pathway. US11 initiates dislocation of newly translocated MHC I from the ER to the cytosol for proteasome-mediated degradation. Despite the critical role for ubiquitin in this degradation pathway, the responsible E3 ...
Bruijn Martijn - - 2012
Abstract Introduction Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for acute lung injury (ALI). Pulmonary epithelial apoptosis is an important factor in the pathophysiology of ALI. If the risk of ALI in DS is associated with a high level of pulmonary epithelial apoptosis is not known. Aim We ...
Shen Ming-Yi - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e27480 in vol. 6.].
Ishida Yosuke - - 2012
The heat shock (HS) response is essential for survival of all organisms. Although the machinery of the HS response has been extensively investigated at the cellular level, it is poorly understood at the level of the organism. Here, we show the crucial role of the mushroom body (MB) in the ...
Moxon-Emre Iska - - 2011
Neutrophils are thought to contribute to damage after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), but there is little direct evidence for this. We depleted circulating blood neutrophils with an anti-polymorphonuclear leukocyte antibody (anti-PMN) before inducing ICH in the rat striatum. Neutrophil infiltration, which was mainly at the edge of the hematoma, was decreased ...
Liener Ulrich C - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to characterize the local pulmonary inflammatory environment and to elucidate alterations of alveolar macrophage (AMØ) functions after blunt chest trauma. Wistar rats were subjected to blunt chest trauma. AMØ were isolated, stimulated, and cultured. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was collected. Cytokines/chemokines were quantified in the ...
Kowaltowski Alicia J - - 2011
Calorie restriction (CR) is well established to enhance the lifespan of a wide variety of organisms, although the mechanisms are still being uncovered. Recently, some authors have suggested that CR acts through hormesis, enhancing the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), activating stress response pathways, and increasing lifespan. Here, we ...
Archambaud Cristel - - 2010
Control of pulmonary pathogens constitutes a challenging task as successful immune responses need to be mounted without damaging the lung parenchyma. Using immunofluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry, we analyzed in the mouse the initial innate immune response that follows intranasal inoculation of Brucella abortus. Bacteria were absent from parenchymal dendritic ...
Crabbé Aurélie - - 2011
The quorum sensing signal N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone (3-oxo-C(12) HSL), produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, exerts cytotoxic effects in macrophages in vitro, which is believed to affect host innate immunity in vivo. However, the medical significance of this finding to pulmonary disease remains unclear since the multicellular complexity of the lung was not ...
Chua Angela C L - - 2010
Each ovarian cycle, the mammary gland epithelium rotates through a sequence of hormonally regulated cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. These studies investigate the role of macrophages in this cellular turnover. Macrophage populations and their spatial distribution were found to fluctuate across the cycle. The number of macrophages was highest at ...
Malur Anagha - - 2011
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a lung disease characterized by a deficiency of functional granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) resulting in surfactant accumulation and lipid-engorged alveolar macrophages. GM-CSF is a positive regulator of PPARγ that is constitutively expressed in healthy alveolar macrophages. We previously reported decreased PPARγ and ATP-binding cassette ...
Bozinovski Steven - - 2011
Oxidants in cigarette smoke inhibit pathogen recognition receptor function and phagocytosis, but the molecular basis of this inhibition remains obscure. We sought to identify the inhibitory mechanisms that impair alveolar macrophage function. Balb/c mice were acutely exposed to four cigarettes for 4 hours before treatment with intranasal LPS (1 μg). ...
Yao Yuan - - 2011
Neuropeptide S (NPS), a newly identified neuropeptide, is involved in many physiological and pathological activities through the NPS receptor (NPSR). Recently, the NPS and NPSR have been detected in peripheral systems of pigs including immune tissues, suggesting that NPS may play an important role in the regulation of immune function. ...
Monick Martha M - - 2010
Alveolar macrophages are essential for clearing bacteria from the alveolar surface and preventing microbe-induced infections. It is well documented that smokers have an increased incidence of infections, in particular lung infections. Alveolar macrophages accumulate in smokers' lungs, but they have a functional immune deficit. In this study, we identify an ...
Chakravarthy Krishnan V - - 2011
The ability to provide targeted therapeutic delivery in the lung would be a major advancement in pharmacological treatments for many pulmonary diseases. Critical issues for such successful delivery would require the ability to target specific cell types, minimize toxicity (e.g., inflammatory response), and deliver therapeutic levels of drugs. We report ...
Cox Louis Anthony Tony LA - - 2011
Research on the etiology of chronic pulmonary disease (COPD), an irreversible degenerative lung disease affecting 15% to 20% of smokers, has blossomed over the past half-century. Profound new insights have emerged from a combination of in vitro and -omics studies on affected lung cell populations (including cytotoxic CD8(+) T lymphocytes, regulatory CD4(+) ...
Seitz Daniel H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine whether lung contusion induces an increased pulmonary recruitment of monocytes as a source of alveolar macrophages and which mediators are involved. SETTING AND DESIGN: Prospective animal study. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to chest trauma by a single blast wave. ...
Braydich-Stolle Laura K - - 2010
On the basis of their uses in jet fuels and munitions, the most likely scenario for aluminum nanoparticle (NP) exposure is inhalation. NPs have been shown to be capable of penetrating deep into the alveolar regions of the lung, and therefore human alveolar macrophages (U937) with human type II pneumocytes ...
Schrettl Markus - - 2010
Iron plays a central role in manifestation of infections for a variety of pathogens. To ensure an adequate supply with iron, Aspergillus fumigatus employs extra- and intracellular siderophores (low-molecular mass iron chelators), which are of importance for fungal growth in particular during iron starvation. Here we show that the lack ...
Sas Kelli M - - 2010
Brevetoxins, the algal toxins produced by Karenia brevis during red tide blooms, adversely impact health following ingestion or inhalation. Inhalation of brevetoxins results in a variety of acute symptoms including coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Analysis of manatee lungs following death by purported brevetoxicosis has identified brevetoxin accumulation within ...
Polverino Francesca - - 2010
RATIONALE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disorder characterized by an abnormal inflammatory response that persists even after smoking cessation, yet the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of B-cell activating factor of tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF), a crucial mediator in the crosstalk ...
Wang Chenchen - - 2010
Pulmonary delivery of isoxyl may increase drug efficacy by targeting alveolar macrophages which are host cells for Mycobacteria. Isoxyl microparticles (1-2microm) were obtained by antisolvent precipitation and simultaneous spray drying method. The controls were made by mixing isoxyl solution in DMSO with cell culture media. Depending on the drug concentration, ...
Shariati F - - 2010
This study aims to investigate the role of angiogenic factors in the pathogenesis of experimental strongyloidiasis. Two complementary approaches were used: Firstly, CD1 mice were treated with endostatin, an angiogenesis inhibitor, and infected with Strongyloides venezuelensis. Also, the mechanisms involved in this process were studied. Parasitological examination revealed a significant ...
Zgair Ayaid Khadem - - 2010
Intranasal (i.n.) instillation of different amounts of purified Stenotrophomonas maltophilia flagellin preparation (1, 5 and 15 microg) in BALB/c mice stimulated a transient innate immune response in the lungs. This was characterized by infiltration of different kinds of leukocytes (neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes), production of various inflammatory mediators (tumour necrosis ...
Iriart Xavier X Service de Parasitologie Mycologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse, H ô pital Rangueil, Toulouse, France. - - 2010
Limited data exist on the cytokine and cellular changes in the alveolar environment in immunocompromised patients during Pneumocystis jirovecii infection. A cellular and a cytokine analysis were performed on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) samples from three groups of patients, i.e., an initial study group of 64 immunocompromised P. jirovecii-positive individuals and ...
Liu Yanling - - 2010
Fibrinogen-like protein 2 (FGL2)/fibroleukin has been reported to play a vital role in the pathogenesis of some critical inflammatory diseases by possessing immunomodulatory activity through the mediation of "immune coagulation" and the regulation of maturation and proliferation of immune cells. We observed upregulated FGL2 expression in alveolar macrophages from peripheral ...
Al-Hallak Kamal M H D - - 2010
Local treatment of lung cancer using inhalable nanoparticles (NPs) is an emerging and promising treatment option. The aim of this study was to investigate the activation of alveolar macrophages by poly (isobutyl cyanoacrylate) (BIPCA) NPs and the consequences of this activation on H460 lung cancer cells. A methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) ...
Z'graggen B Roth - - 2010
Apoptotic cell death has been considered an underlying mechanism in acute lung injury. To evaluate the evidence of this process, apoptosis rate was determined in effector cells (alveolar macrophages, neutrophils) and target cells (tracheobronchial and alveolar epithelial cells) of the respiratory compartment upon exposure to hypoxia and endotoxin stimulation in ...
Elazar Sharon - - 2010
Mastitis, the inflammation of the mammary gland, is an important disease affecting dairy animals worldwide. The disease is caused by mammary pathogenic bacteria and Escherichia coli are frequently implicated. Virulence factors of mammary pathogenic E. coli are only partially known and intramammary challenge with LPS elicits neutrophil recruitment in experimental ...
Koth Laura L LL Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Lung Biology Center, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2010
DAP12 is an adapter protein that associates with several receptors in macrophages. Little is known about the biological role of DAP12 in alveolar macrophages. In genome-wide profiling, we previously found that two DAP12-associated receptors, myeloid DAP12-associated lectin-1 and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2), were highly induced in ...
Oh Wan-Kyu - - 2010
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDT) is recognized as one of the most promising conducting polymers for future applications in the fields of electronics, optics, energy storage/conversion, and biomedical science. The toxicity of PEDT could be considered to affect the potential for its widespread application. Herein, the cytotoxicity and proinflammatory response of PEDT nanomaterials ...
Gauthier Theresa W - - 2010
We have previously demonstrated that fetal ethanol exposure deranges the function and viability of the neonatal alveolar macrophage. Although altered differentiation of the alveolar macrophage contributes to pulmonary disease states within the adult lung, the effects of fetal ethanol exposure on the normal differentiation of interstitial to alveolar macrophage in ...
Ulrich Martina - - 2010
In infected lungs of the cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, opportunistic pathogens and mutated cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR) contribute to chronic airway inflammation that is characterized by neutrophil/macrophage infiltration, cytokine release and ceramide accumulation. We sought to investigate CF lung inflammation in the alveoli. Lung tissue from 14 ...
Alphonse Rajesh S - - 2011
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the main complication of extreme prematurity, resulting in part from mechanical ventilation and oxygen therapy. Currently, no specific treatment exists for BPD. BPD is characterized by an arrest in alveolar development and increased apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells (AECs). Type 2 AECs are putative distal lung ...
Che Wangjun - - 2010
Gasoline engine exhaust has been considered as a major source of air pollution in China. Due to lower cyto- and geno-toxicity effects of methanol engine exhaust, methanol is regarded as a potential substitute for gasoline. We have previously compared cyto- and geno-toxicities of gasoline engine exhaust with that of methanol ...
Feola David J - - 2010
Infection with mucoid strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in chronic inflammatory diseases of the airway is difficult to eradicate and can cause excessive inflammation. The roles of alternatively activated and regulatory subsets of macrophages in this pathophysiological process are not well characterized. We previously demonstrated that azithromycin induces an alternatively activated ...
Waern Ida - - 2010
Heparanase is a heparan sulfate (HS) degrading endoglucuronidase that has been implicated in cell migration and inflammatory conditions. Here we used mice deficient of heparanase (Hpse(-/-)) to study the impact of heparanase on airway leukocytes. Normal numbers of macrophages and lymphocytes were present in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of Hpse(-/-) mice, ...
Lipke Anne B - - 2010
Fever is common in critically ill patients and is associated with worse clinical outcomes, including increased intensive care unit mortality. In animal models, febrile-range hyperthermia (FRH) worsens acute lung injury, but the mechanisms by which this occurs remain uncertain. We hypothesized that FRH augments the response of the alveolar epithelium ...
Mittal Neha - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The study investigates the immune response of the lung alveolar macrophages in adult rats with intratracheal instillation of surfactant, isolated from porcine, rabbit and rat lung as well as the synthetic surfactant. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adult male rats were divided into five groups: Controls were instilled with ...
Wu Benquan - - 2010
Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is associated with rare cases of necrotizing pneumonia that occur in otherwise healthy individuals. Human alveolar macrophages (HAMs) are major effector cells in host defense against infections. However, the impact of PVL on HAMs is uncertain. We evaluated the role of PVL in cytotoxicity and production of ...
Wang Naizhen - - 2010
Elevated blood and tissue CO(2), or hypercapnia, is common in severe lung disease. Patients with hypercapnia often develop lung infections and have an increased risk of death following pneumonia. To explore whether hypercapnia interferes with host defense, we studied the effects of elevated P(CO2) on macrophage innate immune responses. In ...
Doyle Ian - - 2010
Alveolar macrophages have been implicated in the pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this setting they are routinely exposed to cigarette smoke and a range of pathogens including bacteria and viruses. The gene expression changes that result from these challenges may contribute to the initiation and progression of ...
Nikolaidis Nikolaos M NM Department of Cancer and Cell Biology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0521, - - 2010
The Ron receptor tyrosine kinase (TK) plays a regulatory role in the inflammatory response to acute lung injury induced by intranasal administration of bacterial LPS. Previously, we have shown that mice with a targeted deletion of the TK signaling domain of the Ron receptor exhibited more severe lung injury in ...
Baker Anna D - - 2010
Surfactant accumulates in alveolar macrophages of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) knockout (KO) mice and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) patients with a functional loss of GM-CSF resulting from neutralizing anti-GM-CSF antibody. Alveolar macrophages from PAP patients and GM-CSF KO mice are de-ficient in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) ...
Jiang-Shieh Ya-Fen - - 2010
In vivo and in vitro studies have clearly demonstrated that signaling mediated by the interaction of CD200 and its cognate receptor, CD200R, results in an attenuation of inflammatory or autoimmune responses through multiple mechanisms. The present results have shown a differential expression of CD200 in the respiratory tract of intact ...
Togami Kohei - - 2010
Telithromycin, a ketolide antibiotic, has an antibacterial range that covers intracellular parasitic pathogens that survive or multiply intracellularly in alveolar macrophages. The intracellular pharmacokinetics of TEL in alveolar macrophages was evaluated in vitro. Telithromycin (50 microm) was applied to NR8383 as cultured alveolar macrophages, followed by incubation at 37 degrees ...
Guichard Yves - - 2010
Asbestos-induced mutagenicity in the lung may involve reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) released by alveolar macrophages. With the aim of proposing an alternative in vitro mutagenesis test, a coculture system of rat alveolar macrophages (NR8383) and transgenic Big Blue Rat2 embryonic fibroblasts was developed and tested with a crocidolite sample. Crocidolite ...
Gonzalez Norberto C - - 2010
Reduction of alveolar PO(2) (alveolar hypoxia, AH) may occur in pulmonary diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or in healthy individuals ascending to altitude. Altitude illnesses may develop in non-acclimatized persons who ascend rapidly. The mechanisms underlying these illnesses are not well understood, and systemic inflammation has been ...
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