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Vorobjova Tamara - - 2008
The aim of the study was to establish possible factors which play a role in progression of gastritis to atrophic gastritis in long-term follow-up among the Estonian population, to assess the association between the host immune response and different Helicobacter pylori antigens and autoantigens in relation to the histological parameters ...
Zhang Min M Department of Internal Medicine (Gastroenterology Division), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, - - 2008
The growing concern over the emergence of antibiotic-resistant Helicobacter pylori infection is propelling the development of an efficacious vaccine to control this highly adaptive organism. We studied the use of a dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccine against H. pylori infection in mice. The cellular immune responses to murine bone marrow-derived DCs ...
Ito Takashi - - 2008
Helicobacter pylori has been considered to be non-invasive and to rarely infiltrate the gastric mucosa, even though there is an active Th1 immune response in the lamina propria of the H. pylori-infected stomach. To elucidate whether H. pylori invades the lamina propria and translocates to the gastric lymph nodes, we ...
Beswick Ellen J - - 2008
While a link between Helicobacter pylori exposure and gastric cancer has been established, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. H. pylori induces a chronic inflammatory response in infected individuals. A link between chronic inflammation and carcinogenesis has long been suggested but never elucidated. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling plays an ...
Sieme H - - 2008
Success in cryopreserving stallion semen has been very variable. Several different freezing regimes have been published. However, because extenders and procedures used in each regime have differed, direct comparison of these techniques has been very difficult, and controlled studies comparing different techniques have not been reported. A number of different ...
Amstutz Beat - - 2008
Endocytosis supports cell communication, growth, and pathogen infection. The species B human adenovirus serotype 3 (Ad3) is associated with epidemic conjunctivitis, and fatal respiratory and systemic disease. Here we show that Ad3 uses dynamin-independent endocytosis for rapid infectious entry into epithelial and haematopoietic cells. Unlike Ad5, which uses dynamin-dependent endocytosis, ...
Ostrowska E - - 2008
Protease-activated receptors (PARs) play a clear role in the burst of inflammatory reactions and immune responses. However, for PAR-3, the most elusive member of the PAR family, the functional role is still largely unclear. It has been claimed that PAR-3 does not signal autonomously, although the wide expression of human ...
Beutner Ulrich - - 2008
Adjuvant therapies for minimal residual disease are a promising approach to improve the poor survival rates after surgery of gastric tumors. A pilot study of a neoadjuvant therapy was performed using a human monoclonal IgM antibody (SC-1) specifically inducing apoptosis in signet ring cell stomach carcinomas. However, scarce information exists ...
Tang Qizhi Q Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, - - 2008
The function of regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells) has been attributed to a growing number of diverse pathways, molecules and processes. Seemingly contradictory conclusions regarding the mechanisms underlying T(reg) cell suppressive activity have revitalized skeptics in the field who challenge the core validity of the idea of T(reg) cells as ...
Zavros Yana - - 2008
Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is recognized as one of the main morphogens that regulates cell differentiation during early development of the stomach. In the adult stomach, Shh is expressed and secreted from the acid-producing parietal cells, where it is believed to play an essential role in gastric tissue homeostasis and normal ...
Marotti B - - 2008
A shift from Th1 (IFN-gamma) towards Th2 (IL-4)-type immune response was found in patients with gastric cancer and dysplasia. Recently, IL-13 has been described as a central mediator of Th2-dominant immune response in different inflammatory diseases. AIM AND METHODS: to analyse, by Enzyme-Linked-Immuno-SPOT (ELISPOT) assay and immunohistochemistry, the IL-13 production ...
van Driel Ian R - - 2008
Regulatory T cells curb unwanted immune responses and regulate responses to microflora and it is now clear that regulatory T cells play an important role in a number of chronic inflammatory diseases of the gut. First, regulatory T cells are crucial in controlling immune responses to gastric autoantigens and thus ...
O'Keeffe Joan - - 2008
Infection by the gastroduodenal pathogen Helicobacter pylori elicits a complex immunologic response in the mucosa involving neutrophils, plasma cells, eosinophils, and lymphocytes, of which T cells are the principal orchestrators of immunity. While so-called classical T cells (e.g. T-helper cells) that are activated by peptide fragments presented on antigen-presenting cells ...
Yu Linda C H LC Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N - - 2008
Infection with Giardia duodenalis is one of the most common causes of waterborne diarrheal disease worldwide. Mechanisms of pathogenesis and host response in giardiasis remain incompletely understood. Previous studies have shown that exposure to G. duodenalis products induce apoptosis in enterocytes. We recently discovered that sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter (SGLT)-1-mediated glucose ...
Zhao, Yan
Gastric neoplastic disease is one of the most frequent causes of cancer-associated deaths with poor prognosis. Here we studied the effect of the redox-silent analogue α-tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS), a strong apoptogen and anti-cancer agent, on the gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901. α-TOS inhibited proliferation of the cells and induced their ...
Le Maitre Christine Lyn - - 2008
The intervertebral disc (IVD) is one of the body's most important load-bearing structures with the major mechanical force experienced in the nucleus pulposus (NP) being hydrostatic pressure (HP). Physiological levels of HP have an anabolic effect on IVD matrix metabolism in cells derived from non-degenerate animal and herniated IVD while ...
Oatis John E JE - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Hedgehog signaling pathway is essential for embryogenesis and for tissue homeostasis in the adult. However, it may induce malignancies in a number of tissues when constitutively activated, and it may also have a role in other forms of normal and maladaptive growth. Cyclopamine, a naturally occurring steroidal ...
Travaglione Sara - - 2008
ABSTRACT: Nowadays, there is increasing evidence that some pathogenic bacteria can contribute to specific stages of cancer development. The concept that bacterial infection could be involved in carcinogenesis acquired a widespread interest with the discovery that H. pylori is able to establish chronic infections in the stomach and that this ...
Pantalacci Sophie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The development of the secondary palate has been a main topic in craniofacial research, as its failure results in cleft palate, one of the most common birth defects in human. Nevertheless, palatal rugae (or rugae palatinae), which are transversal ridges developing on the secondary palate, received little attention. However, ...
Carson Daniel D - - 2008
The role of mucin 1 (MUC1) in protecting epithelia from microbial infection, enzymatic digestion, and other irritants has been appreciated for some time. In addition, MUC1 serves as a barrier to embryo implantation. MUC1 is highly abundant in many tumors in which its role in barrier function may serve to ...
Nakatsuji Teruaki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris afflicts more than fifty million people in the United State and the severity of this disorder is associated with the immune response to Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). Systemic therapies for acne target P. acnes using antibiotics, or target the follicle with retinoids such as isotretinoin. The latter ...
Marusawa Hiroyuki - - 2008
Cancer develops via a multistep process that occurs through the accumulation of somatic mutations of tumor-related genes that govern cell proliferation, regeneration, and apoptosis. The question how normal cells acquire the genetic changes that lead to malignant transformation is, however, unknown at present. Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) produces immune-diversity by ...
Hussain M Abid - - 2008
H. pylori causes gastritis and peptic ulcers and is a risk factor for the development of gastric carcinoma. Many of the proteins such as urease, porins, flagellins and toxins such as lipo-polysaccharides have been identified as potential virulence factors which induce proinflammatory reaction. We report immunogenic potentials of isocitrate dehydrogenase ...
Minohara Yutaka - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori infection leads to gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer, in part due to epithelial damage following bacteria binding to the epithelium. Infection with cag pathogenicity island (PAI) bearing strains of H. pylori is associated with increased gastric inflammation and a higher incidence of gastroduodenal diseases. It is now ...
de Andrade Sá Eunice Ribeiro - - 2008
As the content of Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGFbeta) wanes in the milk of lactating rat, an increase in TGFbeta is observed in the gastric epithelia concomitant with differentiation of the glands upon weaning. Whereas TGFbeta has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of gastrointestinal cells in vitro, its functional significance ...
Mojtahedi Ali - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common pathogens affecting humans and is the major environmental factor in the development of gastric cancer increasing from 4 to 6 folds the risk of its development. Variations in cancer risk among H. pylori infected individuals may correlate to difference in H. pylori ...
Caruso Roberta - - 2007
Colonization of stomach by H pylori is followed by a marked infiltration of the mucosa with polymorphonuclear leukocytes, macrophages, and lymphocytes that very often remains asymptomatic, but in some circumstances can lead to the development of gastroduodenal ulceration, gastric carcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. The molecular mechanisms by which ...
Rizwan Mohammed - - 2008
The plasticity region of the Helicobacter pylori genome comprises strain-specific gene loci. We performed genotyping and functional biology analysis of one such locus (jhp940) that was previously found to be functionally unknown but present in gastric cancer-associated strains from many different countries. We found its geographic prevalence to be independent ...
El Eter Eman - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gherlin, an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), is produced by stomach cells. It regulates food intake, gastric secretion and motility. However, its role as a protective agent in gastric ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury has not yet been investigated. Therefore, the objectives of the present ...
Dasgupta Nupur N Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2007
Hypoxic preconditioning (HP) is a rapid and reversible proadaptive response to mild hypoxic exposure with such a response protecting cells from subsequent hypoxic or ischemic insult. HP mechanisms are of great interest because of their therapeutic potential and insight into metabolic adaptation and cell death. HP has been widely demonstrated ...
Kolodkin-Gal Ilana - - 2007
mazEF is a toxin-antitoxin module located on many bacterial chromosomes, including those of pathogens. Here, we report that Escherichia coli mazEF-mediated cell death is a population phenomenon requiring a quorum-sensing molecule that we call the extracellular death factor (EDF). Structural analysis revealed that EDF is a linear pentapeptide, Asn-Asn-Trp-Asn-Asn. Each ...
Acencio Milena Marques P - - 2007
Intrapleural talc is used to produce pleurodesis in malignant pleural effusions. Prior in vivo studies have documented an acute inflammatory response to talc in the pleural space but the cellular source of cytokines has not been identified. The aim of this study was to investigate the acute response of rabbit ...
Mimuro Hitomi - - 2007
Colonization of the gastric pits in the stomach by Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is a major risk factor for gastritis, gastric ulcers, and cancer. Normally, rapid self-renewal of gut epithelia, which occurs by a balance of progenitor proliferation and pit cell apoptosis, serves as a host defense mechanism to limit bacterial ...
Shahabi Shahram - - 2008
There is some evidence that Helicobacter pylori infection has a protective effect against gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and its complications such as Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. In this paper, we propose that a neuroimmunological mechanism is responsible for the protective effect of H. pylori on GORD. H. pylori infection ...
Algood Holly M Scott - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori persistently colonizes the human stomach. In this study, immune responses to H. pylori that occur in the early stages of infection were investigated. Within the first 2 days after orogastric infection of mice with H. pylori, there was a transient infiltration of macrophages and neutrophils into the glandular ...
D'Elios Mario Milco - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori infects almost 50% of the world population and is the major cause of gastroduodenal diseases. H. pylori colonizes the gastric mucosa, activates Toll-like and Nod-like receptors, and usually elicits a T helper 1 (Th1) type of immune response, fully polarized in peptic ulcer patients. Among several bacterial factors, ...
Maeda Shin - - 2007
The clinical outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection is determined by a complex interaction between the bacterium and the host. The main bacterial factors associated with pathogenicity comprise outer membrane proteins, including BabA, SabA, OipA, AlpA, and AlpB, the vacuolating cytotoxin VacA and the products of cagPAI. The multitude of putative ...
Lee In Ohk - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Capsaicin, the main pungent ingredient of hot red and chilli pepper, has been considered as not only a cytoprotective but also a detrimental agent to the gastric mucosa. However, the effect and mechanism of capsaicin that modulate the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokine in Helicobacter pylori-infected epithelial cells ...
Lundin B Samuel - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori causes a life-long infection that may lead to development of gastric adenocarcinoma (GC) and thereby cause major worldwide health problems. The present study was designed to study whether those that develop GC have an altered immune response to H. pylori compared to individuals that remain asymptomatic. When stimulated ...
Gorman Maureen J MJ Department of Biochemistry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. - - 2007
In insects, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) is required for tanning of newly formed cuticle and the production of melanin during some types of immune responses. DOPA is produced by the hydroxylation of tyrosine, and this reaction can be catalyzed by two types of enzymes: tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and phenoloxidase (PO). TH is ...
Reboutier David - - 2007
Harpins are proteins secreted by the type-three secretion system of phytopathogenic bacteria. They are known to induce a hypersensitive response (HR) in non-host plant leaf tissue. Erwinia amylovora, the fire blight pathogen of pear and apple trees, secretes two different harpins, HrpNea and HrpWea. In the present study, we showed ...
Fras A - - 2007
Leaf explants of diploid (2n = 2x = 10) and autotetraploid (2n = 4x = 20) plants of Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Columbia were cytologically and cytogenetically analysed to determine the time and the mechanisms of the process of polyploidization. The first polyploid cells were observed after the third day of ...
Wilson Keith T - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori infects the stomach of half of the human population worldwide and causes chronic active gastritis, which can lead to peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. The host immune response to the infection is ineffective, because the bacterium persists and the inflammation continues for decades. ...
Ahmed Shaheen S Department of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, The University of Nebraska Medical Center, 40th and Holdrege, Lincoln, NE 68583, - - 2007
TGFbeta3 signaling initiates and completes sequential phases of cellular differentiation that is required for complete disintegration of the palatal medial edge seam, that progresses between 14 and 17 embryonic days in the murine system, which is necessary in establishing confluence of the palatal stroma. Understanding the cellular mechanism of palatal ...
Wu Yi-Ying - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with an inflammatory response in the gastric mucosa, leading to chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. There is increased T-cell infiltration at the site of infection with H. pylori. CCR6, a specific beta-chemokine receptor for CCL20 (MIP-3alpha/LARC/exodus), has recently been reported to mediate lymphocyte ...
Ding Song-Ze SZ Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, P.O. Box 800708, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0708, - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with altered gastric epithelial cell turnover. To evaluate the role of oxidative stress in cell death, gastric epithelial cells were exposed to various strains of H. pylori, inflammatory cytokines, and hydrogen peroxide in the absence or presence of antioxidant agents. Increased intracellular reactive oxygen species ...
Zhang Hao - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To clarify the role of the mitochondrial pathway in apoptosis induced by H. pylori infection in gastric epithelial cells. METHODS: Cells of a gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SGC-7,901 were co-cultured with H. pylori NCTC 11,637, with or without preincubation with the inhibitors of caspases -3, -8, and ...
Pellicanò Antonia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that an impaired T-cell response against Helicobacter pylori plays a role in the pathogenesis of H. pylori-related diseases. Cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 has been shown to inhibit the production of T-helper (Th) 1 cytokines. This study aimed to ascertain whether COX-2 downregulates Th1 signaling pathway in human gastric ...
Holck Susanne - - 2007
Helicobacter pylori is an important pathogen in major gastroduodenal diseases, including inflammation with ulceration and gastric malignancies. Alterations in H. pylori associated cell turnover in gastric epithelial cells are examined in relation to inflammatory activity, bacteria load and cytokines which may improve knowledge concerning the outcome of gastric diseases caused ...
D'Elios Mario Milco - - 2007
During evolution microorganisms have developed several immune modulating strategies. The Helicobacter pylori neutrophil-activating protein (HP-NAP) is a virulence factor that attracts and activates neutrophils, and promotes their endothelial adhesion and the production of oxygen radicals and chemokines, including CXCL8, CCL3 and CCL4. HP-NAP, a TLR2 agonist, is an immune modulator ...
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