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Zhang Li-Jing LJ Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, - - 2009
To evaluate whether celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitor, could reduce the severity of gastric precancerous lesions following Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) eradication. H pylori-eradicated patients with gastric precancerous lesions randomly received either celecoxib (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for up to 3 mo. COX-2 expression ...
Necchi Vittorio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive experimental investigation stressing the importance of bacterial interaction with dendritic cells (DCs), evidence regarding direct interaction of Helicobacter pylori or its virulence products with DCs in the human gastric mucosa is lacking. METHODS: Human gastric mucosa biopsies, with or without H. pylori infection and active inflammation, were ...
Bhattacharyya Asima A Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908-0708, - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric epithelial cell (GEC) apoptosis is a complex process that includes activation of the tumor suppressor p53. p53-mediated apoptosis involves p53 activation, bax transcription, and cytochrome c release from mitochondria. Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease-1 (APE-1) regulates transcriptional activity of p53, and H pylori induce APE-1 expression in human GECs. H ...
Cheng Chih Mei - - 2010
Asthma occurs in more than 5% of the population in industrialized countries and is now characterized as a chronic inflammatory disease. The chronic aspiration of gastric fluid is considered by many investigators to be a primary inflammatory factor exacerbating or predisposing patients to asthma, with more than 50 medical papers ...
Dumrese Claudia C Center for Microscopy and Image Analysis, University of Zürich, Winterthurer Strasse 190, Zürich, - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori genomes typically contain 8 or 9 genes that code for secreted and highly disulfide-bridged proteins designated Helicobacter cysteine-rich proteins (Hcp). Here we show that HcpA (hp0211) but not HcpC (hp1098) triggers the differentiation of human myeloid Thp1 monocytes into macrophages. Small amounts of HcpA cause the transition of ...
Moleiro Fábio Cruz - - 2009
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mouriri elliptica Martius (Melastomataceae) is species reputed in folk medicine to heal gastric ulcer and gastritis. AIM OF THE STUDY: Methanolic extract (ME) and ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) from leaves of Mouriri elliptica were evaluated for their gastroprotective, healing, immunological, toxicological and anti-Helicobacter pylori activities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Rad Roland - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Helicobacter pylori infects half of the world's population, thereby causing significant human morbidity and mortality. The mechanisms by which professional antigen-presenting cells recognize the microbe are poorly understood. METHODS: Using dendritic cells (DCs) from TRIF, MyD88, TLR 2/4/7/9(-/-), and multiple double/triple/quadruple mutant mice, we characterized receptors and ...
Alam M S - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori causes a lifelong infection and provides a model of bacterial adaptation and persistent colonization. Adenosine is an anti-inflammatory mediator that limits tissue damage during inflammation. We studied the role of adenosine in the T-cell-mediated regulation of gastritis and bacterial persistence. After 4 h of activation, human T helper ...
Ogden, Seth Rayborn
Gastric adenocarcinoma is strongly associated with the presence of H. pylori, and both microbial and host factors influence the risk for carcinogenesis. A novel role for H. pylori in the stimulation of the p120ctn/Kaiso signaling axis leading to relief of Kaiso-mediated repression of mmp-7 transcription in vitro was identified. Increased ...
Nagy Toni A TA Division of Gastroenterology, Departments of Medicine and Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori is the strongest identified risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma. One H. pylori virulence constituent that augments cancer risk is the cag secretion system, which translocates CagA and peptidoglycan into host cells, eventuating in activation of signal transduction pathways. AKT is a target of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and is ...
Lustig Andrew - - 2009
Although distinctions between therapy and enhancement are difficult to draw with precision, especially in marginal cases, recent Christian discussions of enhancement technologies accept the general plausibility of distinctions drawn between therapeutic interventions and enhancement technologies by appealing to general understandings of nature and human nature. However, such appeals continue to ...
D'Elios Mario Milco - - 2009
Bronchial asthma and allergic diseases are orchestrated by T-cells producing T-helper type 2 (Th2) cytokines, such as interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-5, and are inhibited by Th1 responses. Helicobacter pylori has chronically infected the human population for c. 100,000 years and preferentially elicits a Th1 mucosal immune response with the production ...
Wu Liuji - - 2009
Cytidine deaminase (CDA, also designated CDD) is a zinc-dependent enzyme involved in the pyrimidine salvage pathways and becoming very important in anticancer and antiviral therapy. Here we report the identification and characterization of a CDA homologue in abalone, which we named ab-CDA. The analysis of the amino acids sequence revealed ...
Jiang Hong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Aberrant activation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling is involved in various cancers, including human gastric cancer. Here we investigate the role of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling in regulating gastric cancer cell apoptosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression of beta-catenin was investigated after transfection with beta-catenin short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in gastric cancer cells by ...
Kot??owska-Kmie?? Aldona - - 2009
The pathomechanism of Helicobacter pylori action upon gastric mucosa and its role in the pathogenesis of gastritis have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the most prevalent lymphocyte subpopulations of the gastric mucosa in gastritis in children, as well as to evaluate the expression ...
Fischer Wolfgang - - 2009
The human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori is able to establish an infection in a hostile environment with virtually no competitors. For this purpose, it has elaborated a set of colonization factors which facilitate both survival under acid exposure, motility and orientation in a highly viscous mucus layer, and adherence to ...
Lai I-Hsiang - - 2009
The antioxidant haptoglobin (Hp) is an acute-phase protein responsive to infectious and inflammatory diseases. Hp and somatic cell counts (SCC) are sharply elevated in bovine milk following intramammary administration of endotoxin or bacteria. However, the sources of milk Hp responsible for such increases are not fully understood. The purpose of ...
Laskowski Marta - - 2008
Lateral organ position along roots and shoots largely determines plant architecture, and depends on auxin distribution patterns. Determination of the underlying patterning mechanisms has hitherto been complicated because they operate during growth and division. Here, we show by experiments and computational modeling that curvature of the Arabidopsis root influences cell ...
Almeida-Vega Simon S Physiological Laboratory, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2009
The gastric hormone gastrin regulates the expression of a variety of genes involved in control of acid secretion and also in the growth and organization of the gastric mucosa. One putative target is plasminogen activator inhibitor-2 (PAI-2), which is a component of the urokinase activator system that acts extracellularly to ...
King Joshua R - - 2008
Biological invasions are often closely associated with human impacts and it is difficult to determine whether either or both are responsible for the negative impacts on native communities. Here, we show that human activity, not biological invasion, is the primary driver of negative effects on native communities and of the ...
Hao Ying-Xue - - 2009
The effects and potential molecular mechanisms underlying carbon dioxide (CO(2)) pneumoperitoneum on gastric cancer cell apoptosis are not fully understood. In this study, we assessed the effects of CO(2) pneumoperitoneum on the apoptosis of MKN-45 gastric cancer cells. Additionally, we investigated the role of HIF-1alpha in CO(2) pneumoperitoneum-induced apoptosis of ...
Yoshida Norimasa - - 2008
Recently, the role of serine proteinases in the pathogenesis of inflammation and autoimmune diseases via interaction with the proteinase-activated receptor (PAR) has attracted attention. Activation of PAR has a pro-inflammatory effect through the overproduction of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8. PAR(2) activation in human esophageal epithelial cells ...
Ashktorab Hassan - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Our previous study of Helicobacter pylori-induced apoptosis showed the involvement of Bcl-2 family proteins and cytochrome c release from mitochondria. Here, we examine the release of other factors from mitochondria, such as apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), and upstream events involving caspase-8 and Bid. METHODS: Human gastric adenocarcinoma (AGS) ...
Takai Ryota - - 2008
Plants have sensitive perception systems that recognize various pathogen-derived molecules. We previously reported that rice detects flagellin from a rice-incompatible strain of gram-negative phytopathogenic bacterium, Acidovorax avenae, which induces subsequent immune responses involving cell death. The mechanism of flagellin perception in rice, however, has remained obscure. In this study, we ...
Stuller Kathleen A - - 2008
The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori infects over half the world's population. The lifelong infection induces gastric inflammation but the host fails to generate protective immunity. To study the lack of protective H. pylori immunity, CD4(+)CD25(+) T(reg) cells were investigated for their ability to down-regulate H. pylori-specific CD4(+)CD25(-) cells in a ...
Govindarajulu Manjula - - 2009
Apyrases are non-energy-coupled nucleotide phosphohydrolases that hydrolyze nucleoside triphosphates and nucleoside diphosphates to nucleoside monophosphates and orthophosphates. GS52, a soybean (Glycine soja) ecto-apyrase, was previously shown to be induced very early in response to inoculation with the symbiotic bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Overexpression of the GS52 ecto-apyrase in Lotus japonicus increased ...
Kimura T - - 2009
The regenerating gene (Reg) was originally isolated from regenerating rat pancreatic islets and revealed recently to constitute a multi-gene family in humans. REG Ialpha protein is known to be overexpressed not only in various human inflammatory diseases but also in various experimental models of inflammation in animal tissues. However, its ...
Kayhan Basak - - 2008
H. pylori elicits specific humoral and cellular immune responses in the mucosal immune system. However, the type and extent of T lymphocyte response in the systemic immune system is not clear for H. pylori positive patients. In this study, peripheral blood T lymphocyte phenotypes and serum Th1/Th2 based cytokines of ...
Zhao X - - 2008
The insect mushroom bodies play important roles in a number of higher processing functions such as sensory integration, higher level olfactory processing, and spatial and associative learning and memory. These functions have been established through studies in a handful of tractable model systems, of which only the fruit fly Drosophila ...
Ham Maggie - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The gastrointestinal tract has developed multiple mechanisms of protection from intrinsic and extrinsic sources of injury, including but not limited to drugs, ischemic/reperfusion injuries, and infections such as Helicobacter pylori. We review recent developments in host defense against Helicobacter pylori, duodenal bicarbonate secretion, protection from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory ...
Cheng Dangxiao - - 2008
Bioluminescent imaging was used to track the viability of luciferase transfected L929 cells in poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) (HEMA-MMA) microcapsules. Bioluminescence, as determined by Xenogen imaging after addition of luciferin to microcapsules in vitro, increased with time, consistent with an increase in cell number. Capsules were suspended in Matrigel and injected ...
Smith Brian C BC Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2008
Sirtuins are critical regulators of many cellular processes, including insulin secretion, the cell cycle, and apoptosis. Sirtuins are associated with a variety of age-associated diseases such as type II diabetes, obesity, and Alzheimer's disease. A thorough understanding of sirtuin chemical mechanisms will aid toward developing novel therapeutics that regulate metabolic ...
Song Gang - - 2008
Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted, integrin-binding matrix phosphorylated glycoprotein that is overexpressed in many advanced cancers. However, the functional mechanisms by which OPN contributes to gastric cancer development are poorly understood. Here, we report that curcumin inhibited the growth of SGC7901 cell and induced apoptosis in a concentration- and time-dependent ...
Wroblewski Lydia E LE Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2279, - - 2009
Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis predisposes to the development of gastric cancer. Increased epithelial tight junction permeability and alterations in apical-junctional complexes are also associated with an increased risk of carcinogenesis. Phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chain (MLC) by MLC kinase (MLCK) regulates tight junction function. We determined whether MLCK was activated ...
Calvino-Fernández Miryam - - 2008
Helicobacter pylori is a gram negative bacterium that infects the human stomach of approximately half of the world's population. It produces oxidative stress, and mitochondria are one of the possible targets and the major intracellular source of free radicals. The present study was aimed at determining mitochondrial alterations in H. ...
Vorobjova Tamara - - 2008
Helicobacter pylori infection causes chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. Colonization of H. pylori in the stomach activates Toll-like and Nod-like receptors to induce not only innate immunity but also adaptive Th1 responses against this organism. Adaptive Th1 response is not sufficient to clear this organism and, as a ...
Wang Chung-An - - 2008
Helicobacter pylori infection induces acute and chronic inflammation and plays a key role in gastric mucosal diseases. H. pylori neutrophil-activating protein (HP-NAP), one of its virulence factors, induces not only chemotactic but also oxidative burst responses of neutrophils. Activated neutrophils use myeloperoxidase (MPO) to generate many cytotoxic oxidants, which might ...
DeLyria Elizabeth S - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vaccine efficacy against gastric Helicobacter pylori infection has been shown in mice, but little is known about the mechanisms of bacterial clearance. Our aim was to investigate a possible T-cell/neutrophil pathway of vaccine-induced protection. METHODS: Nonimmune and immunized mice were compared for their response to H pylori ...
Del Prete Gianfranco - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Helicobacter pylori neutrophil-activating protein (HP-NAP) is able to induce IL-12 expression by cells of innate immunity and to shift to T(H)1 human allergen-specific T(H)2 cells in vitro. OBJECTIVE: We performed an in vivo investigation of the ability of HP-NAP to downmodulate the T(H)2 response induced in mice by ...
Trejo-de la O Alejandra - - 2008
Helicobacter pylori is associated with peptic ulcer and gastric adenocarcinoma. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) participate in H. pylori recognition, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLRs are associated with impaired immune response. We aimed to evaluate the association of TLR2/R753Q and TLR4/D299G/T399I SNPs with gastroduodenal diseases; and study the effect of SNPs ...
Govoni Marcello - - 2009
The syndrome of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis (SAPHO) encompasses a broad spectrum of cutaneous manifestations associated with osteitic and hyperostotic lesions, which typically may involve the anterior chest wall (ACW). The aetiopathogenetic mechanisms as well as the nosographic framing of the disease are still not fully defined although an ...
Mendes T M - - 2008
Scorpion stings are a public health problem in Brazil, with most incidents involving the species Tityus serrulatus. Some T. serrulatus toxins may act as immunogens for the production of a specific anti-venom, but many of the component toxins remain poorly characterized. Here, we describe the immunological characteristics of the toxin ...
Oku Manei - - 2008
Mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) and cell-mediated lympholysis (CML) are widely used to assess T cell responses. A major limitation of the traditional MLR and CML assays is that they require radioisotope labeling with (3)H for MLR and (51)Cr for CML, thereby limiting their use to laboratories with the capabilities to ...
Calhoun Colonya C - - 2009
Cyclophilin A (CypA) was originally identified as a cytosolic protein possessing peptidyl-prolyl isomerase activity. CypA has been shown to play a pivotal role in the immune response, but little is known about other molecular mechanisms of CypA-mediated biologic events. In our present study, we demonstrate that knockdown CypA expression using ...
Cotter S C - - 2008
Several insect species show an increase in cuticular melanism in response to high densities. In some species, there is evidence that this melanism is correlated with an up-regulation of certain immune system components, particularly phenoloxidase (PO) activity, and with the down-regulation of lysozyme activity, suggesting a trade-off between the two ...
Konturek S J - - 2008
The progress in basic and clinical gastrology indicates that gastric mucosal integrity represents a balance between offensive and defensive factors. The main offensive factors appear to be gastric acid and pepsin under health conditions, while the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), infecting this mucosa, are currently ...
Djeridane Y - - 2008
The morphological relationships of the pineal complex to the epithalamic structures have been examined at light microscopic level in five desert rodent species, Meriones crassus, Meriones lybicus, Gerbillus gerbillus, Psammomys obesus and Ctenodactylus vali. The pineal complex is classified as type ABC in M. crassus and G. gerbillus, AC in ...
De La Fuente Leonardo - - 2008
Autoaggregation of widely dispersed Xylella fastidiosa cells into compact cell masses occurred over a period of hours following 7 to 11 days of growth in microfluidic chambers. Studies involving the use of mutants defective in polarly positioned type I (fimA-negative), type IV (pilB-negative), or both type I and IV (fimA- ...
Wang-Johanning Feng F Department of Veterinary Sciences and Michale E. Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 78602-6621, USA. - - 2008
Recent evidence indicates that human cancer cells reactivate the expression of latent human endogenous retroviral (HERV) proteins. However, the extent to which cancer patients mount de novo immune responses against expressed HERV elements is unclear. In this study, we determined the extent of HERV-K env expression in human breast cancer ...
Jonganurakkun Benjamas - - 2008
The plant-derived Pediococcus pentosaceus NB-17 was isolated from Japanese traditional vegetable pickles. The production of cytokines from mouse spleen cells co-cultivated with heat-killed bacteria was investigated in vitro. The bacteria significantly induced secretion levels of interferon (IFN)-gamma and interleukin (IL)-12 p70, and suppressed IL-4 productions in ovalbumin (OVA) sensitized mouse ...
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