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Käbisch Romy R Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Immunologie und Hygiene, Technische Universität München, München, - - 2014
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a major role in the innate immune response since they recognize a broad repertoire of PAMPs mainly via Toll-like receptors (TLRs). During Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, TLRs have been shown to be important to control cytokine response particularly in murine DCs. In the present study ...
Antonisamy Paulrayer P Biosafety Research Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, 664-14 1GA, Duck Jin-Dong, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju City, Jeollabuk-do 561-756, Republic of - - 2014
Chromobacterium violaceum, Gram-negative bacteria species found in tropical regions of the world, produces a distinct deep violet-colored pigment called violacein. In the present study, we investigated whether violacein can promote a gastroprotective effect and verified the possible mechanisms involved in this action. For this study, an indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer rat ...
Manji Rizwan A - - 2012
There have been significant advances in organ xenotransplantation (cross-species transplantation), especially in the development of genetically engineered pigs, but clinical trials of solid organ transplants are still a time away. However, there is a form of pig-to-human xenotransplantation that has been taking place since the 1960s-bioprosthetic heart valve (BHV) replacement. ...
Li Chen - - 2012
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most common form of heart valve disease in Western society and results in the second most common cardiovascular surgery performed. Despite its prevalence, high morbidity, and high mortality, the pathogenesis of CAVD still eludes our understanding. This review article brings together experimental in ...
Wang Xu - - 2012
Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. While Hcy has been shown to promote endothelial dysfunction by decreasing the bioavailability of nitric oxide and increasing oxidative stress in the vasculature, the effects of Hcy on cardiomyocytes remain less understood. In this study we explored the effects ...
Foster Cerrone R - - 2012
Ataxia telangiectasia mutated kinase (ATM) is involved in cell cycle checkpoints, DNA repair and apoptosis. β-Adrenergic receptor (β-AR) stimulation induces cardiac myocyte apoptosis. Here we analysed basal myocardial structure and function in ATM knockout (KO) mice and tested the hypothesis that ATM modulates β-AR-stimulated myocyte apoptosis. Left ventricular (LV) structure ...
Ghayumi Mohammad Ali - - 2011
Background: The alteration of Th1 and Th2 cytokine levels is the subject of controversy in pleural effusions caused by malignancy, a situation that favors a Th2 immune response. Objective: To examine the different levels of IL-4 and IL-10 (Th2 cytokines), and IL-2 and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) (Th1 cytokines) in malignant and ...
Shaw Steven M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) remains elevated after cardiac transplantation despite replacement of the failing ventricle. Serum peaks are also seen during acute rejection episodes independent of intracardiac hemodynamic disturbance. High BNP levels are also reported during bacterial sepsis, burns, stroke and myocardial infarction. Given all of these conditions are ...
Shi Jianjian - - 2011
Apoptosis is a tightly regulated physiologic process of programmed cell death that occurs in both normal and pathologic tissues. Numerous in vitro or in vivo studies have indicated that cardiomyocyte death through apoptosis and necrosis is a primary contributor to the progression of anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy. There are now several pieces ...
Dixon Dani-Louise - - 2011
Chronic heart failure (CHF) leads to complex effects distant from the heart. As these changes may be reflected in the balance of systemic inflammatory and fibrotic immunomodulators we measured these potential biomarkers in ambulatory CHF patients. Using the New York Heart Association (NYHA; levels II-IV) functional classification, 30 CHF patients ...
Vacek Thomas P - - 2011
Autophagy is a process used for intracellular digestion of organelles and proteins and has special relevance to the long-lived cardiomyocytes in heart disease. The pathway for autophagy and all its mediators remain to be elucidated, but involve such proteins as Atg, Beclin-1, LAMP-2, BH3, Bcl2, PI3K Kinase as well as ...
Ma Libing - - 2011
Allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of airway and immune disorder is an acknowledged mechanism. Numerous data demonstrate Th1/Th2 cells play an important role in the development of allergic asthma. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a multifunctional hormone secreted by cardiac atria, lung, and so forth, which has been ...
Wu Qibiao - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Musk has been traditionally used in Chinese medicine as the main ingredient of many formulations for the treatment of chest pain and angina pectoris. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the protective effects of muscone (the active ingredient of musk) on ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury induced by hypoxia and ...
Pei Zhao-Hui - - 2011
It has been reported that exposure to infrasound causes cardiac dysfunction. Allowing for the key role of apoptosis in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, the objective of this study was to investigate the apoptotic effects of infrasound. Cardiac myocytes cultured from neonatal rats were exposed to infrasound of 5 Hz at ...
Friedrichs Kai - - 2011
The pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) remains incompletely understood, despite its prevalence and contributing role in stroke and heart failure. Whereas previous studies have focused on the electrophysiological characteristics of AF, recent reports shed light on structural remodeling of the atria as a prerequisite for AF. Recent evidence suggests that ...
Zois Nora E - - 2011
Cytokines have been associated with the progression of congestive heart failure (CHF) in humans and may be implicated in the pathophysiology of myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) in dogs. The aim of this study was to determine the serum concentrations of cytokines in dogs with MMVD. The study included 16 ...
Usta E E Department of Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. - - 2011
After cardioplegia and subsequent reperfusion of the myocardium as employed in cardiac surgery, ischemia/reperfusion injury of the myocardium can induce apoptosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-apoptotic properties of resveratrol, a phenolic phytoalexin present in grape skins and especially red wines during simulated cardioplegia (cp) and ...
Copaja Miguel - - 2011
Several clinical trials have shown the beneficial effects of statins in the prevention of coronary heart disease. Additionally, statins promote apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells, in renal tubular epithelial cells and also in a variety of cell lines; yet, the effects of statins on cardiac fibroblast and myofibroblast, primarily ...
Brodsky Igor E - - 2011
Caspase-1 plays a key role in host defense through its dual function in inducing a pro-inflammatory cell death termed pyroptosis and in promoting the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. A new study now highlights the specific importance of pyroptosis in resistance to intracellular pathogens.
Tang Ting-Ting - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e24272 in vol. 6.].
Huelsenbeck J - - 2011
Normal tissue damage limits the efficacy of anticancer therapy. For anthracyclines, the clinically most relevant adverse effect is cardiotoxicity. The mechanisms involved are poorly understood and putative cardioprotectants are controversially discussed. Here, we show that the lipid-lowering drug lovastatin protects rat H9c2 cardiomyoblasts from doxorubicin in vitro. Protection by lovastatin ...
Polder-Verkiel Saskia E - - 2012
In 2008 a young man committed suicide while his webcam was running. 1,500 people apparently watched as the young man lay dying: when people finally made an effort to call the police, it was too late. This closely resembles the case of Kitty Genovese in 1964, where 39 neighbours supposedly ...
Boissinot M - - 2011
The V617F activating mutation of janus kinase 2 (JAK2), a kinase essential for cytokine signalling, characterizes Polycythemia vera (PV), one of the myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). However, not all MPNs carry mutations of JAK2, and in JAK2-mutated patients, expression of JAK2V617F does not always result in clone expansion. In the present ...
Edgley Amanda J - - 2010
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a growing health problem in developed nations. The pathological accumulation of extracellular matrix is a key contributor to CHF in both diabetic and nondiabetic states, resulting in progressive stiffening of the ventricular walls and loss of contractility. Proinflammatory disease processes, including inflammatory cytokine activation, contribute ...
Togo Shinsaku - - 2010
Low concentrations of cigarette smoke induced DNA damage and repair without leading to apoptosis in human bronchial epithelial cells. Higher concentrations of cigarette smoke, however, could induce either apoptosis or necrosis. The current study demonstrated that 15% cigarette smoke extract (CSE) induced apoptosis as evidenced by DNA content profiling (17.8±2.1% ...
Antonelli Alessandro - - 2010
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α has been shown to exert immunomodulatory effects in autoimmune disorders. However, until now, no data were present in the literature about the effect of PPARα activation on CXCL9 and CXCL11 chemokines in general or on secretion of these chemokines in thyroid cells. The presence of PPARα ...
Usher Michael G - - 2010
Inappropriate excess of the steroid hormone aldosterone, which is a mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) agonist, is associated with increased inflammation and risk of cardiovascular disease. MR antagonists are cardioprotective and antiinflammatory in vivo, and evidence suggests that they mediate these effects in part by aldosterone-independent mechanisms. Here we have shown that ...
Fernandez-Boyanapalli Ruby - - 2010
Absence of a functional nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase predisposes chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients to infection, and also to unexplained, exaggerated inflammation. The impaired recognition and removal (efferocytosis) of apoptotic neutrophils by CGD macrophages may contribute to this effect. We hypothesized that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) activation ...
Amoruso Angela - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that NCX 6550 (NCX), a nitric oxide (NO)-donating pravastatin, induces anti-inflammatory effects in murine macrophage cell lines. Here, we have studied its activity in human monocyte/macrophages, by investigating cytokine release, NF-κB translocation and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) expression and function. For comparison, pravastatin, isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN), ...
Bu Rong - - 2011
The Met receptor tyrosine kinase and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), are overexpressed and/or activated in a variety of human malignancies. However, its role in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) has not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the role of HGF/c-Met signaling pathway in a large series (156) of ...
Hu Zhi-Xing - - 2010
Promoting human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived-neural progenitor survival in the pro-apoptotic niche is pivotal for stem cell replacement therapy. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effect of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on hESC-derived neural progenitor injured by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) exposure. Treatment of hESC-derived neural progenitor cells ...
Oku Masahide - - 2010
Eukaryotic cells have to regulate peroxisomal metabolism to meet their environmental or developmental requirements. Therefore, the control of peroxisome number, which is mediated not only by proliferation but also by degradation, is an important cellular event. Here we briefly review studies on the autophagic degradation of peroxisomes, a process now ...
Mayi Thérèse Hèrvée - - 2010
Obesity is a low-grade chronic inflammatory disease associated with an increased number of macrophages (adipose tissue macrophages) in adipose tissue. Within the adipose tissue, adipose tissue macrophages are the major source of visfatin/pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor/nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase. The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) exerts anti-inflammatory effects in macrophages ...
Reh Douglas D - - 2010
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a growth factor thought to attenuate Th2-driven eosinophilic airway inflammatory responses. Increased expression of HGF and its receptor c-Met in nasal polyps suggests a role in disease pathogenesis. The effect of HGF on human sinonasal epithelial cell (SNEC) responses to Th2 inflammatory cytokines in chronic ...
Rajaram Murugesan V S - - 2010
Mycobacterium tuberculosis enhances its survival in macrophages by suppressing immune responses in part through its complex cell wall structures. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), a nuclear receptor superfamily member, is a transcriptional factor that regulates inflammation and has high expression in alternatively activated alveolar macrophages and macrophage-derived foam cells, both ...
Ban Jung Ok - - 2010
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonists such as troglitazone, pioglitazone and thiazolidine have been shown to induce apoptosis in human colon cancer cells. The molecular mechanism of PPARgamma agonist-induced apoptosis of colon cancer cells, however, is not clear. Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is an indispensable element for the activation of nuclear ...
Dixit Evelyn - - 2010
Peroxisomes have long been established to play a central role in regulating various metabolic activities in mammalian cells. These organelles act in concert with mitochondria to control the metabolism of lipids and reactive oxygen species. However, while mitochondria have emerged as an important site of antiviral signal transduction, a role ...
Peyrin-Biroulet Laurent - - 2010
Crohn's disease (CD), a major form of human inflammatory bowel disease, is characterized by primary immunodeficiencies. The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is essential for intestinal homeostasis in response to both dietary- and microbiota-derived signals. Its role in host defense remains unknown, however. We show that PPARgamma functions ...
Morihara Naoaki - - 2010
Expression of CD36 scavenger receptors on macrophages is involved in oxidized low-density lipoprotein uptake and foam cell formation during atherosclerotic lesion development. We examined the effects of aged garlic extract (AGE), a garlic preparation enriched in water-soluble cysteinyl moieties that increases cellular total thiols and glutathione concentrations, on CD36 expression ...
Moransard Martijn - - 2010
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a pleiotropic cytokine able to evoke a wide array of cellular responses including proliferation, migration, and survival through activation of its receptor c-met. Various types of leukocytes have been described to express c-met suggesting that HGF/c-met signaling may directly influence leukocyte responses in inflammation. We ...
Zhang Qin - - 2010
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in the loss of function below the lesion. Secondary injury following the primary impact includes a number of biochemical and cellular alterations leading to tissue necrosis and cell death. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a ligand-activated transcription factor of nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Thiazolidinedione rosiglitazone ...
Benkhoucha Mahdia - - 2010
Immune-mediated diseases of the CNS, such as multiple sclerosis and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE), are characterized by the activation of antigen-presenting cells and the infiltration of autoreactive lymphocytes within the CNS, leading to demyelination, axonal damage, and neurological deficits. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a pleiotropic factor ...
Wu Yi - - 2010
Inflammation and immune response have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Recently, increased TLR4 expression has been associated with the development of cerebral vasospasm in a rabbit model of SAH. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonists, effective inhibitors of TLR4 activation, may modulate the ...
Yamamoto B J - - 2010
The angiotensin (Ang) IV analog norleual [Nle-Tyr-Ile-psi-(CH2-NH2)(3-4)-His-Pro-Phe] exhibits structural homology with the hinge (linker) region of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and is hypothesized to act as a hinge region mimic. Norleual competitively inhibited the binding of HGF to its receptor c-Met in mouse liver membranes, with an IC(50) value of ...
Ito Wataru - - 2010
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has multiple activities in a variety of tissues, and is known to prevent the onset and progression of various diseases, but the mechanisms by which HGF exert its beneficial effects remain to be elucidated, although many studies have shown that HGF exerts anti-inflammatory effects in multiple ...
Into T - - 2010
The antimicrobial peptide LL-37 is known to have a potent LPS-neutralizing activity in monocytes and macrophages. Recently, LL-37 in gingival crevicular fluids is suggested to be the major protective factor preventing infection of periodontogenic pathogens. In this study, we tried to address the effect of LL-37 on proinflammatory responses of ...
Yokoi Tsuyoshi - - 2010
Troglitazone was the first thiazolidinedione antidiabetic agent approved for clinical use in 1997, but it was withdrawn from the market in 2000 due to serious idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity. Troglitazone contains the structure of a unique chroman ring of vitamin E, and this structure has the potential to undergo metabolic biotransformation to ...
Hasegawa Hiroshi - - 2010
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is the members of the nuclear receptor superfamily as a master transcriptional factor that promotes differentiation of preadipocytes by activating adipose-specific gene expression. Although PPARgamma is expressed predominantly in adipose tissue and associated with adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis, PPARgamma is also present in a variety ...
Marmolino Daniele - - 2010
Cells from individuals with Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) show reduced activities of antioxidant enzymes and cannot up-regulate their expression when exposed to oxidative stress. This blunted antioxidant response may play a central role in the pathogenesis. We previously reported that Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor Gamma (PPARgamma) Coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1alpha), a transcriptional ...
Hirai Shizuka - - 2010
Obesity is associated with a low-grade systemic chronic inflammatory state, characterized by the abnormal production of pro- and anti-inflammatory adipocytokines. It has been found that immune cells such as macrophages can infiltrate adipose tissue and are responsible for the majority of inflammatory cytokine production. Obesity-induced inflammation is considered a potential ...
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