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Jiang H - - 2014
The relationship between the interleukin (IL)-18 promoter -137G/C polymorphism and plasma levels of IL-18, IL-12, IL-4, and IFN-γ in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and healthy subjects was investigated. The polymorphism was genotyped by a ligase detection reaction-PCR (LDR-PCR), while the cytokines were assayed by ELISA. Compared with healthy subjects, CHB patients ...
Gibeon D - - 2013
The presence of lipids in alveolar macrophages (AMs) may impair their phagocytic response, and determine airway inflammation and obstruction. To determine the factors such as severity of asthma, chronic cough, airway inflammation and obesity that may influence the presence of lipids in lung macrophages. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was obtained ...
Xiang Lianbin - - 2013
In every study involving human immune parameters, large inter-subject variability occurs which can make interpretation of results difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether genetic variants in cytokine receptors could associate with variability in laboratory immune measures. A total of 207 normal volunteers were recruited in this ...
Chaboillez Simone S Hôpital du Savoré-Coeur de Montréal, Université de Montréal, Montréal, - - 2013
The use of inflammometry has been shown to be effective for managing asthma. However, sputum processing can be time consuming. Furthermore, methods of sputum processing can vary among facilities. To help with standardization and to simplify the procedure for laboratory staff, a novel, commercially available processing device (Accufilter, Cellometrics Inc, ...
Tonk Elisa C M - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to determine the sensitivity of the developing immune system to ethanol (EtOH) after exposure from postnatal day (PND) 10 onward. Adult Wistar dams and litters were exposed to EtOH via drinking water (0, 0.25, 1.5, 2.75, 4, 5.25, or 6.5% (w/v) EtOH ad ...
Titmarsh Callum J - - 2013
High levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines are implicated in severity of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) and viral meningitis (VM). We compared single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine genes among patients with VM or IMD. Patient DNA samples were prepared by the National Meningitis Reference Laboratory in Athens: MM=98; ...
El-Wakkad Amany - - 2013
Several studies have investigated the correlation between central obesity and inflammatory cytokines and the anti-inflammatory cytokine adiponectin. But, the correlation between central obesity and the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4, IL-5 has not been studied yet. Thus, we aimed to study the IL-4 and IL-5 correlation to central obesity in adolescent Egyptian ...
Rellstab Christian - - 2013
Vertebrate hosts often defend themselves against several co-infecting parasite genotypes simultaneously. This has important implications for the ecological dynamics and the evolution of host defence systems and parasite strategies. For example, it can drive the specificity of the adaptive immune system towards high genotype-specificity or cross-reactivity against several parasite genotypes ...
Duclos Philippe - - 2012
The majority of industrialized and some developing countries have established technical advisory bodies to guide and formulate national immunization policies and strategies. These are referred to as National Immunization Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs), WHO and its partners have placed a high priority on assisting in the establishment or strengthening of ...
Goyvaerts C - - 2012
Lentiviral vectors (LVs) provide unique opportunities for the development of immunotherapeutic strategies, as they transduce a variety of cells in situ, including antigen-presenting cells (APCs). Engineering LVs to specifically transduce APCs is required to promote their translation towards the clinic. We report on the Nanobody (Nb) display technology to target ...
Moreno M - - 2011
Aptamers are single-stranded oligonucleotides (ssDNA or RNA) selected from combinatorial libraries by an in vitro process and possess a specific three-dimensional structure depending on its sequence. These molecules are able to recognize and, eventually, alter the activity of their targets by binding directly in a similar way to antibodies. Over ...
Fribley Andrew M - - 2011
Despite advances toward understanding the prevention and treatment of many cancers, patients who suffer from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) confront a survival rate that has remained unimproved for more than 2 decades, indicating our ability to treat them pharmacologically has reached a plateau. In an ongoing effort to improve ...
Miyashita Masahiro - - 2011
Plants defend themselves by using an innate immune system that is activated in response to a variety of molecules derived from pathogens. These molecules have provided profound insights into the mechanisms of pathogen recognition and subsequent signaling pathways in plants. In the present study, we screened a combinatorial random hexapeptide ...
Curpan Ramona F - - 2011
The human Bcl-2 family includes six antiapoptotic members (Bcl-2, Bcl-B, Bcl-W, Bcl-X(L), Bfl-1, and Mcl-1) and many proapoptotic members, wherein a balance between the two determines cell life or death in many physiological and disease contexts. Elevated expression of various antiapoptotic Bcl-2 members is commonly observed in cancers, and chemical ...
Masutomi Takashi - - 2010
Ovalbumin (OVA) is often used as a model antigen, and its biodistribution is important for the induction of immunization, especially oral immunization. In this study, an allergic substance-detecting kit, Egg Protein ELISA kit, was applied to the investigation of the biodistribution of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled ovalbumin (FITC-OVA). After FITC-OVA solution and ...
Zhang Ying - - 2010
Risk assessment of man-made chemicals such as pesticides are mainly focused on parent compounds, and relatively little is known about their metabolites, especially with regard to target organ damages such as immunotoxicity. In the present study, the immunotoxicity of five synthetic pyrethroids (SPs) and three common metabolites was evaluated using ...
Winkler Carla - - 2010
Pollen starch granules (PSGs) are allergen particles that get into contact with pulmonary surfactant and phagocytes in the terminal airways. In this study, the effects of surfactant protein D (SP-D) on the interaction of PSGs with phagocytes and on the pulmonary clearance of PSGs were determined. Fluorescently labeled PSGs were ...
Litvack Michael L - - 2010
Innate immune collectin surfactant protein D (SP-D) and natural immunoglobulin M (IgM) are two soluble proteins. These opsonic proteins are good candidates for enhancing late apoptotic cell clearance. However, effects of these proteins on late apoptotic cell clearance in the lungs are not clearly established. We have recently shown that ...
Misaka Shingen - - 2011
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has been thought to be a promising candidate for asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and our group previously developed several long-lasting VIP derivatives. The objective of the present study was to clarify the therapeutic potential of new VIP derivatives with improved chemical and metabolic stability. Exposure ...
Harnett Karen M - - 2010
We have focused on understanding the onset of gastroesophageal reflux disease by examining the mucosal response to the presence of acid in the esophageal lumen. Upon exposure to HCl, inflammation of the esophagus begins with activation of the transient receptor potential channel vanilloid subfamily member-1 (TRPV1) in the mucosa, and ...
Barros Priscila O - - 2011
Our objective was to evaluate the effect of stress-related dose of substance P (SP) on the in vitro proliferation and cytokine production in polyclonally activated T cells from healthy individuals or individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Our results demonstrated that cell cultures from GAD group proliferated less following T ...
Ledford Julie G - - 2010
During pulmonary infections, a careful balance between activation of protective host defense mechanisms and potentially injurious inflammatory processes must be maintained. Surfactant protein A (SP-A) is an immune modulator that increases pathogen uptake and clearance by phagocytes while minimizing lung inflammation by limiting dendritic cell (DC) and T cell activation. ...
Vinet-Oliphant Heather - - 2010
Recent studies suggest a link between neuropsychiatric disorders and HIV/SIV infection. Most evidence indicates that monocytes/macrophages are the primary cell type infected within the CNS and that they contribute to CNS inflammation and neurological disease. Substance P (SP), a pleotropic neuropeptide implicated in inflammation, depression, and immune modulation via interaction ...
Ma Jie - - 2010
Exposure of esophageal mucosa to hydrochloric acid (HCl) is a crucial factor in the pathogenesis of reflux disease. We examined supernatant of HCl-exposed rabbit mucosa for inflammatory mediators enhancing migration of leukocytes and production of H(2)O(2) as an indicator of leukocyte activation. A tubular segment of rabbit esophageal mucosa was ...
Castellani M L - - 2010
Mast cells play an essential role in diverse physiological and pathological processes, such as atherosclerosis, malignancy, asthma, pulmonary fibrosis and arthritis, directly interact with bacteria, and appear to play a vital role in host defense against pathogens. Mast cells could be recruited in the inflammatory site, by MCP-1, RANTES and ...
Morishige Tomohiro - - 2010
Although amorphous silica particles (SPs) are widely used in cosmetics, foods and medicinal products, it has gradually become evident that SPs can induce substantial inflammation accompanied by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) production. Here, to develop safe forms of SPs, we examined the mechanisms of SP-induced inflammation and the relationship between particle characteristics ...
Fort Maria - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the capside (Cap) and replicase (Rep) proteins of Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) as well as the whole PCV2 (both PCV2a and PCV2b genotypes) in the induction of cell-mediated immunity upon infection. At 6 weeks of age, six ...
Lugo Juana Maria - - 2010
To date, published in-vivo studies on the action of the PACAP in fish are few and these are concerned with reproduction, brain development and feeding behavior. Recently, we demonstrated for the first time that PACAP, apart from its neuroendocrine role, influences immune functions in fish larvae. In this work, we ...
Kresch Mitchell J - - 2010
Mucosal immunity is an important mechanism in the response to injury. Our hypothesis is that surfactant protein A (SP-A) is an autocrine factor that stimulates alveolar type II epithelial cell release of neutrophil chemotactic factors by binding to the SP-A receptor expressed by these cells. We examined (1) the effect ...
Maguire Jean Ann - - 2011
Chronic interstitial lung disease in both adults and children is associated with mutations of the surfactant protein C (SP-C) proprotein. Among these, mutations within the distal COOH propeptide, known as the BRICHOS domain, are associated with a severe disease phenotype. We showed that prolonged expression of the BRICHOS mutants, SP-C(Δexon4) ...
Prasse Antje - - 2010
RATIONALE: Previous studies suggest an important immunoregulatory role of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in experimental models of chronic noninfectious inflammation. Sarcoidosis is characterized by noncaseating epitheloid cell granulomas, where excessive tumor necrosis factor-alpha production by pulmonary macrophages plays a critical role in granuloma formation and disease progression, which may lead ...
Xu Junyang - - 2010
Neurokinin 1 receptors (NK1Rs) in alveolar macrophages (AMs) are overexpressed by cigarette smoke (CS) in vivo and substance P (SP) in vitro. Because CS could stimulate pulmonary C-fibers (PCFs) to release SP, we asked whether this neurogenic SP was responsible for AMs' NK1R overexpression during CS. We compared pulmonary SP ...
Lin Ko-Wei - - 2010
Pulmonary surfactant protein D (SP-D), a member of the collectin family, is an innate immune molecule critical for defense that can also modulate adaptive immune responses. We previously showed that SP-D-deficient mice exhibit enhanced allergic responses and that SP-D induction requires lymphocytes. Thus, we postulated that SP-D may decrease adaptive ...
Atochina-Vasserman Elena N - - 2010
The lung is continuously exposed to inhaled pathogens (toxic pollutants, micro-organisms, environmental antigens, allergens) from the external environment. In the broncho-alveolar space, the critical balance between a measured protective response against harmful pathogens and an inappropriate inflammatory response to harmless particles is discerned by the innate pulmonary immune system. Among ...
Ledford Julie G - - 2010
Although the lipoprotein complex of pulmonary surfactant has long been recognized as essential for reducing lung surface tension, its role in lung immune host defense has only relatively recently been elucidated. Surfactant-associated proteins A (SP-A) and D (SP-D) can attenuate bacterial and viral infection and inflammation by acting as opsonins ...
Jing Chen - - 2010
To explore further the role of substance P (SP) in wound healing and scar formation, SP concentrations in wounds of scalded rats were assayed. Expressions of apoptosis-associated genes in fibroblasts cultured with SP were detected. SP concentrations in superficial wounds increased earlier than those in deep wounds. SP was associated ...
Forbes L R - - 2010
The airway mucosal surfaces are constantly exposed to inhaled particles that can be potentially toxic, infectious or allergenic and should elicit inflammatory changes. The proximal and distal air spaces, however, are normally infection and inflammation free due to a specialized interplay between cellular and molecular components of the pulmonary innate ...
Craig-Barnes Hayley A - - 2010
Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is an innate immune collectin that recognizes microbes via its carbohydrate recognition domains, agglutinates bacteria, and forms immune complexes. During microbial infections, proteases, such as elastases, cleave the carbohydrate recognition domains and can inactivate the innate immune functions of SP-D. Host responses to counterbalance the reduction ...
Beinborn Martin - - 2010
Substance P (SP) is a proinflammatory mediator implicated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and other inflammatory states. SP acts by stimulating the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) on T lymphocytes and other cell types, and regulates these cells in a complex interplay with multiple cytokines. The mechanisms of interaction among these inflammatory ...
Sawada Kaku - - 2010
Pulmonary collectins, surfactant proteins A (SP-A) and D (SP-D), play important roles in innate immunity of the lung. Legionella pneumophila is a bacterial respiratory pathogen that can replicate within macrophages and causes opportunistic infections. L. pneumophila possesses cytolytic activity, resulting from insertion of pores in the macrophage membrane upon contact. ...
Liu C-F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein D (SP-D), a secreted pattern recognition molecule associated with pulmonary innate immunity, has been shown to mediate the clearance of pathogens in multiple ways. However, how SP-D interacts with alveolar macrophages (AMs) and dendritic cells (DCs) during allergen exposure remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to ...
Zhang Quan - - 2010
The wide use and wide-spectrum toxicity of synthetic pyrethroids (SPs) insecticides make them an emerging ecotoxicological concern. Some previous studies showed that SPs possessed cytotoxicity in some immune cells such as human lymphocytes and rat bone marrow. However, the cytotoxicity of SPs to macrophages, which are crucial to innate immunity, ...
Busnardo Tereza Cristina Pamplona Mosimann - - 2010
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mastrun?o (Coronopus didymus--CD) is currently considered as a medicinal specie often used in Brazil, especially in southeast region, for the treatment of several diseases in which pain and inflammation are common. Treatment with the plant can be done by infusion, decoction, or through food. The aim of this ...
Burian Bernhard - - 2010
Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is one of the most abundant molecules found in the respiratory tract. Due to its anti-inflammatory and bronchodilatatory properties, it has been proposed as a novel treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The actions of VIP are mediated via three different G-protein-coupled receptors (VPAC1, VPAC2 ...
Kaur Rejbinder - - 2009
The release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a key role gastrointestinal tract homeostasis. We aimed to investigate mechanisms that mediate CGRP release from the rat colon in vitro. Colon segments were stimulated and the amount of CGRP released was measured using an enzyme immunoassay. Capsaicin and low pH induced ...
Rogerio Alexandre P - - 2010
Quercetin is a plant-derived flavonoid widely known by its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, but its oral bioavailability is very poor and this becomes difficult to assess its therapeutic potential. Here we have compared the anti-inflammatory effect of quercetin-loaded microemulsion (QU-ME) and quercetin suspension (QU-SP) in an experimental model of airways ...
Huang Bo - - 2009
Hyperoxia-induced oxidative stress plays a key role in many pulmonary diseases. In an earlier study we found the protective effect of the neuropeptide substance P (SP) on type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECIIs) after hyperoxia exposure. Then, we investigated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (C-JNK) signal transduction pathways in AECIIs before and ...
Smalley S G R - - 2009
Since the late 1970s a number of laboratories have studied the role of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in inflammation and immunity. These studies have highlighted the dramatic effect of VIP on immune cell activation and function, and studies using animal models of disease have indicated that VIP has significant therapeutic ...
Ding Jinlan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To detect the apoptosis-related Bax and Bcl-2 gene expression and apoptotic cell death in the amygdala region in the single-prolonged stress (SPS) rats. METHODS: A total of 100 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal control group and SPS groups of 1d, 4d, 7d, and 14d. The ...
Kramer Jay H - - 2009
Hypomagnesemia continues to be a significant clinical disorder that is present in patients with diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, and treatment with magnesuric drugs (diuretics, cancer chemotherapy agents, etc.). To determine the role of magnesium in cardiovascular pathophysiology, we have used dietary restriction of this cation in animal models. This review highlights ...
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