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Kelkel Mareike - - 2012
Garlic-derived organosulfur compounds (OSCs) including diallylpolysulfides are well known for various health-beneficial properties and recent reports even point to a potential role of diallylpolysulfides as chemopreventive and -therapeutic agents in cancer treatment due to their selective anti-proliferative effects. In this respect, diallyltri- and -tetrasulfide are reported as strong inducers of ...
Kumagai Kousuke - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Chondrocyte apoptosis contributes to disruption of cartilage integrity in osteoarthritis. Recent evidence suggested that the volume-sensitive organic osmolyte/anion channel [volume-sensitive (outwardly rectifying) Cl(-) current (I(Cl,vol) )] plays a functional role in the development of cell shrinkage associated with apoptosis (apoptotic volume decrease) in several cell types. In ...
Okamoto Shinya - - 2012
INTRODUCTION:: We examined whether zoledronic acid (ZOL), the third generation of bisphosphonates, produced cytotoxic effects on human mesothelioma cells in vitro and in vivo, and investigated a possible involvement of p53, Ras, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) pathways. METHODS:: Cytotoxicity and cell cycles were assessed with a colorimetric assay and ...
Colletti Grace A - - 2012
Mucolipidosis type IV (MLIV) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by mutations in the gene MCOLN1, which codes for the transient receptor potential family ion channel TRPML1. MLIV has an early onset and is characterized by developmental delays, motor and cognitive deficiencies, gastric abnormalities, retinal degeneration, and corneal cloudiness. The ...
Hanley Peter J - - 2012
The function of P2X(7) receptors (ATP-gated ion channels) in innate immune cells is unclear. In the setting of Toll-like receptor (TLR) stimulation, secondary activation of P2X(7) ion channels has been linked to pro-caspase-1 cleavage and cell death. Here we show that cell death is a surprisingly early triggered event. We ...
Rosales-Reyes Roberto - - 2012
Burkholderia cenocepacia is an opportunistic pathogen that survives intracellularly in macrophages and causes serious respiratory infections in patients with cystic fibrosis. We have previously shown that bacterial survival occurs in bacteria-containing membrane vacuoles (BcCVs) resembling arrested autophagosomes. Intracellular bacteria stimulate IL-1β secretion in a caspase-1-dependent manner and induce dramatic changes ...
Rong Chao - - 2011
A significant decrease in tissue pH or acidosis is a common feature of numerous diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cartilage homeostasis is profoundly affected by local acidosis in the joints. The diuretic, amiloride, has recently been shown to be neuroprotective in models of cerebral ischemia, a property attributable to the ...
Yee Nelson S - - 2012
The transient receptor potential TRPM7 ion channel is required for cellular proliferation in pancreatic epithelia and adenocarcinoma. To elucidate the mechanism that mediates the function of TRPM7, we examined its role in survival of pancreatic cancer cells. RNA interference-mediated silencing of TRPM7 did not induce apoptotic cell death. TRPM7-deficient cells ...
Deering-Rice Cassandra E - - 2012
Environmental particulate matter (PM) pollutants adversely affect human health, but the molecular basis is poorly understood. The ion channel transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) has been implicated as a sensor for environmental PM and a mediator of adverse events in the respiratory tract. The objectives of this study were to ...
Decrock E - - 2012
Decades of research have indicated that gap junction channels contribute to the propagation of apoptosis between neighboring cells. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP₃) has been proposed as the responsible molecule conveying the apoptotic message, although conclusive results are still missing. We investigated the role of IP₃ in a model of gap junction-mediated ...
Li Zhonghua - - 2012
Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is an acute, highly contagious, and immunosuppressive avian disease caused by IBD virus (IBDV). Although IBDV-induced host cell apoptosis has been established, the underlying molecular mechanism is still unclear. We report here that IBDV viral protein 5 (VP5) is a major apoptosis inducer in DF-1 cells ...
Cullen Sean P - - 2011
Much debate surrounds how prosurvival members of the BCL-2 family repress opening of the BAX/BAK channel to block apoptosis; in this issue Llambi et al. (2011) identify two modes of apoptosis inhibition that exhibit surprisingly different behavior upon repeat proapoptotic challenges by BH3-only proteins.
Sandle Geoffrey I - - 2011
There have been significant advances in unravelling the cellular mechanisms of diarrhoea in common gut infections and colonic inflammation, as well as in the identification of targets for potential antidiarrhoeal drugs. Infective diarrhoea reflects activation of electrogenic Cl(-) secretion, inhibition of electroneutral NaCl absorption and in some cases, downregulation of ...
Tegla Cosmin A - - 2011
Complement system activation plays an important role in both innate and acquired immunity. Activation of the complement and the subsequent formation of C5b-9 channels (the membrane attack complex) on the cell membranes lead to cell death. However, when the number of channels assembled on the surface of nucleated cells is ...
Lang Florian - - 2011
Ceramide may be synthesized de novo or generated by sphingomyelinase-dependent hydrolysis of sphingomyelin. The role of ceramide, ceramide-sensitive signaling and ion channels in β-cell apoptosis, lipotoxicity and amyloid-induced β-cell death. Ceramide participates in β-cell dysfunction and apoptosis after exposure to TNFα, IL-1β and IFN-γ, excessive amyloid and islet amyloid polypeptide ...
Seidi Azadeh - - 2011
In this study, we developed a miniaturized microfluidic-based high-throughput cell toxicity assay to create an in vitro model of Parkinson's disease (PD). In particular, we generated concentration gradients of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) to trigger a process of neuronal apoptosis in pheochromocytoma PC12 neuronal cell line. PC12 cells were cultured in a ...
Losa Davide - - 2011
The lung is a mechanically active system exposed to the external environment and is particularly sensitive to injury and inflammation. Studies have identified intercellular communication pathways that promote proper lung function in response to injury and disease. These pathways involve connexins (Cxs) and gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). The functional ...
Terlou Annelinde - - 2011
Imiquimod has been shown to be an effective treatment for usual type vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (uVIN). Since local inflammation and burning are common side effects, patients often use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Our study investigated whether NSAID-use, which has been documented to inhibit the cell-mediated immune response, interferes with the ...
Rossetti Maura - - 2011
Lentiviral vectors (LV) can induce type I interferon (IFN I) production from murine plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC), but not myeloid (my)DC. Here, we investigated whether this mechanism is conserved in human DC. MyDC and pDC were isolated from peripheral blood and transduced with increasing vector concentrations. Compared with in vitro ...
Wang Wei - - 2011
4-AP, a voltage-gated potassium channel blocker, was identified to exert critical pro-apoptotic properties in various types of cancer cells. The present study aims to explore the effect of 4-AP on the apoptosis of human AML cells and the underlying mechanism. We found 4-AP inhibited the proliferation and induces apoptosis in ...
Riccardi Francesca - - 2011
Dendritic cells (DC) play a key role in cell-mediated immunity. We aimed to analyse the number and function of peripheral blood (PB) myeloid and plasmacytoid DC (mDC/pDC) in patients with severe sepsis. Twenty-six septic patients, 20 surgical patients (abdominal aortic aneurysm) and 20 healthy controls were enrolled in this prospective ...
Chen Wei-Hsin - - 2011
Peripheral tissue inflammation initiates hyperalgesia accompanied by tissue acidosis, nociceptor activation, and inflammation mediators. Recent studies have suggested a significantly increased expression of acid-sensing ion channel 3 (ASIC3) in both carrageenan- and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation. This study tested the hypothesis that acupuncture is curative for mechanical hyperalgesia induced ...
Ouwehand Krista - - 2011
Langerhans cells (LCs) migrate after topical exposure of the skin to irritants, despite the supposed independence of irritant contact dermatitis from adaptive immunity. Whereas allergen-activated LCs are known to migrate to the draining lymph nodes (LNs), the fate of migrated LCs upon topical irritant exposure is unknown. Here, we identified ...
Lewis Julia - - 2010
The skin is at the forefront of environmental exposures, such as ultraviolet radiation and a myriad of chemicals, and is at risk for malignant transformation. The skin is a highly responsive immunological organ that contains a unique population of immature intraepidermal dendritic cells (DCs) called Langerhans cells (LCs). Although LCs ...
Blasius Amanda L - - 2010
Despite their low frequency, plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produce most of the type I IFN that is detectable in the blood following viral infection. The endosomal Toll-like receptors (TLRs) TLR7 and TLR9 are required for pDCs, as well as other cell types, to sense viral nucleic acids, but the mechanism ...
Herman Ludivine - - 2010
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, particularly type 16, is causally associated with cancer of the uterine cervix. The progression of cervical lesions suggests that viral antigens are not adequately presented to the immune system. The aim of this study was to determine whether HPV16 viral particles can influence the trafficking of ...
Bratke K - - 2011
To cite this article: Bratke K, Klein C, Kuepper M, Lommatzsch M, Christian Virchow J. Differential development of plasmacytoid dendritic cells in Th1- and Th2-like cytokine milieus. Allergy 2011; 66: 386-395. ABSTRACT: Background:  Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) infiltrate sites of Th1- and Th2-dominant inflammation and many studies have been performed ...
de Jong Marein A W P - - 2010
Langerhans cells (LCs) are at the frontline in defense against mucosal infections because they line the mucosal tissues and are ideally situated to intercept pathogens. Recent data suggest that LCs have an innate anti-HIV-1 function. LCs express the LC-specific C-type lectin Langerin that efficiently captures HIV-1, which prevents HIV-1 transmission. ...
Schülke Stefan - - 2010
Toll-like receptor ligands are immune-modulatory components linking innate and adaptive immune responses and are considered to be promising vaccine components. Objective of this study was to investigate the adjuvant activity of Listeria monocytogenesis-derived TLR5-ligand flagellin A (flaA) genetically fused to ovalbumin (Ova, major chicken white egg allergen) in a murine ...
Hirai Makiko - - 2011
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders, so suppressing the activity of DCs is instrumental in treating such diseases. In the present study, we show that a proteasome inhibitor, bortezomib, suppresses the survival and immunostimulatory function of human plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) by targeting 2 ...
Semnani Roshanak Tolouei - - 2010
APC dysfunction has been postulated to mediate some of the parasite-specific T cell unresponsiveness seen in patent filarial infection. We have shown that live microfilariae of Brugia malayi induce caspase-dependent apoptosis in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro. This study addresses whether apoptosis observed in vitro extends to patent ...
Matta Benjamin M BM Starzl Transplantation Institute, Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, - - 2010
Plasmacytoid DC (pDC) are type-I IFN-producing cells known for their capacity to promote anti-viral innate and adaptive immune responses. Despite their potent anti-viral function, when compared with conventional DC, pDC exhibit poor immunostimulatory ability and their interaction with T cells often favors the generation of Treg. pDC are activated primarily ...
Kaisho Tsuneyasu - - 2010
Dendritic cells (DCs) are activated by immune adjuvants in a DC subset-specific manner. Plasmacytoid DC (pDC) is a unique subset that senses nucleic acid immune adjuvants only through two Toll-like receptors (TLRs), TLR7 and TLR9 and produces large amounts of type I interferons. Here I review recent trend in pDC ...
Vermi William - - 2011
Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) infection induces self-limiting cutaneous lesions in an immunocompetent host that can undergo spontaneous regression preceded by local inflammation. On histology, a large majority of MCV-induced lesions are characterized by islands of hyperplastic epithelium containing infected keratinocytes and surrounded by scarce inflammatory infiltrate. However, spontaneous regression has ...
Meyers Adam J - - 2010
There is compelling evidence from animal models of type 1 diabetes (T1D) that the innate immune system plays a key role in early mechanisms triggering islet destruction. Very little is known, however, about innate immune subsets and pathways potentially involved in mechanisms leading to human T1D. The present study used ...
La Vu Dang - - 2011
Background: Inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) produced by resident and inflammatory cells in response to periodontopathogens play a major role in the tissue destruction observed in periodontitis, which is a disease that affects tooth-supporting structures. In the present study, we investigate the effects of licorice-derived licoricidin (LC) and licorisoflavan ...
Barr Keira L - - 2011
Imiquimod (AldaraTM), a Toll-like receptor 7 agonist (TLR7), is known for its unique properties of being an immune response modifier and stimulator. Upon topical application, this TLR7 agonist triggers a cell-mediated immune response predominantly expressed by dendritic cells and monocytes. Local skin irritation at the application site involving erythema, pain, ...
Fiola Stéphanie - - 2010
TLR9 plays an important role in innate defense against viruses by the detection of CpG motifs of foreign DNA within intracellular compartments. In this study, we evaluated the ability of EBV to promote monocyte and plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) activation and cytokine release through TLR9 activation. We demonstrated that treatment ...
Noordegraaf Madelon - - 2010
The relative roles of Langerhans cells (LC), dermal dendritic cells (DC), and, in particular, the recently discovered Langerin(+) dermal DC subset in the induction and control of contact hypersensitivity (CHS) responses remain controversial. Using an inducible mouse model, in which LC and other Langerin(+) DC can be depleted by injection ...
Swiecki Melissa M Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2010
Plasmacytoid DC (pDC) secrete type I IFN in response to viruses and RNA/DNA/immunocomplexes. Type I IFN confer resistance to viral infections and promote innate and adaptive immune responses. pDC also produce cytokines and chemokines that influence recruitment and function of T cells and differentiation of B cells. Thus, pDC have ...
Manuse Mary J MJ Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1064, - - 2010
The paramyxovirus Simian Virus 5 (SV5) is a poor inducer of interferon (IFN) secretion in all cell types tested so far, including primary epithelial cells and primary human myeloid dendritic cells. SV5 is hypothesized to limit induction of antiviral responses through control of viral gene expression and production of the ...
Gao P P Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2010
Sensitization to cockroach allergen is one of the strongest predictors of asthma morbidity, especially among African Americans. Our aims were to determine the genomic basis of cockroach sensitization and the specific response to cockroach antigen. We investigated the Th1/Th2 cytokine profile of co-cultured plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and CD4+ T ...
Guiducci Cristiana C Dynavax Technologies Corporation, 2929 Seventh Street, Suite 100, Berkeley, California 94710, - - 2010
Glucocorticoids are widely used to treat patients with autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, regimens used to treat many such conditions cannot maintain disease control in the majority of SLE patients and more aggressive approaches such as high-dose methylprednisolone pulse therapy are used to provide transient reductions ...
Salvi Valentina - - 2010
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) represent the main type I interferon (IFN-I) producing cells. Emerging evidence supports a role for IFN-I in autoimmune diseases. Given the central role of PDC in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we investigated the effect of Trichostatin A (TSA), a prototypic histone deacetylase inhibitor, ...
Sorrentino Rosalinda - - 2010
Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells (pDCs) are important immune orchestrators. One of the most important features of pDCs is the high production of IFN type I that can promote the polarization of T cells towards a Th1 phenotype. Recent evidence has highlighted the relevance of pDCs in therapy for asthma, lung infections ...
Sekar Divya - - 2010
The division of labor between DC subsets is evolutionarily well-defined. mDC are efficient in antigen presentation, whereas pDC act as rheostats of the immune system. They activate NK cells, cause bystander activation of mDC, and interact with T cells to induce tolerance. This ambiguity positions pDC at the center of ...
Dong H - - 2010
Modulation of host immunity is an important potential mechanism by which probiotics confer health benefits. This study was designed to investigate the effects of a probiotic strain, Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS), on immune function using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro. In addition, the role of monocytes in ...
Peña-Cruz Victor V Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, - - 2010
Langerhans cells (LCs) are known as "sentinels" of the immune system that function as professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) after migration to draining lymph node. LCs are proposed to have a role in tolerance and the resolution of cutaneous immune responses. The Programmed Death-1 (PD-1) receptor and its ligands, PD-L1 and ...
Yue Zhenyu - - 2010
A recent study published in the Journal of Neuroscience by Nishiyama et al., has revisited an autophagy-neurodegeneration model of lurcher (Lc) mice and promoted further discussion regarding the "autophagic cell death" hypothesis. ( 1) While the study confirmed the previous report by Yue et al., that GluRD2Lc induces autophagy both ...
Huang S-W - - 2010
Imiquimod shows antitumour activity through the stimulation of cell-mediated immunity in vivo. Recent studies have shown that imiquimod promotes apoptosis in melanoma cells and induces autophagy in macrophage cell lines. To evaluate the imiquimod-induced apoptosis, autophagy and their relationship in a basal cell carcinoma (BCC) cell line. Cell viability was ...
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