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Osterholzer John J - - 2012
Fibrotic disorders of the lung are associated with perturbations in the plasminogen activation system. Specifically, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression is increased relative to the plasminogen activators. A direct role for this imbalance in modulating the severity of lung scarring following injury has been substantiated in the bleomycin model of ...
Martinet Wim - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Stent-based delivery of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor everolimus is a promising strategy for the treatment of coronary artery disease. We studied potential adverse effects associated with mTOR inhibition. METHODS AND RESULTS: Macrophages in culture were either treated with everolimus or starved to inhibit mTOR. Everolimus led ...
Gonnert Falk A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Chronic sequelae of sepsis represent a major, yet underappreciated clinical problem, contributing to long-term mortality and quality-of-life impairment. In chronic liver disease, inflammation perpetuates fibrogenesis, but development of fibrosis in the post-acute phase of systemic inflammation has not been studied. Therefore, a mouse model of post-acute sequelae of sepsis ...
Royce Simon G - - 2012
Fibrosis is one of the key pathological features of airway remodeling in asthma. In the normal airway the amount of collagen and other extracellular matrix components is kept in equilibrium by regulation of synthesis and degradation. In asthma this homeostasis is disrupted due to genetic and environmental factors. In the ...
Knight Virginia - - 2012
Protease-activated receptor (PAR) 2 is a G-protein-coupled receptor that is activated after proteolytic cleavage by serine proteases, including mast cell tryptase and activated coagulation factors. PAR-2 activation augments inflammatory and profibrotic pathways through the induction of genes encoding proinflammatory cytokines and extracellular matrix proteins. Thus, PAR-2 represents an important interface ...
Bellini A - - 2011
Fibrocytes contribute to the fibrotic changes most frequently observed in forms of asthma where inflammation is driven by T helper type 2 (Th2) cells. The mechanisms that regulate the profibrotic function of asthmatic fibrocytes are largely unknown. We isolated circulating fibrocytes from patients with allergen-exacerbated asthma, who showed the presence ...
Nie Z - - 2011
Keloid is a common skin condition, especially in people of Asian and African decent. The treatment of keloid is still unsatisfactory. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a novel treatment for this condition, but is widely used in treating certain skin pre-malignant and malignant lesions due to its high efficiency and safety. ...
Billiau Alfons - - 2011
In this review, we discuss our studies on the pathogenesis of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and related mouse models for rheumatoid arthritis. Of note, these models invariably rely on the use of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). Our analysis has focused on explaining the dichotomous - either protective or disease-promoting - role ...
Malik Ahsan F - - 2011
Implantation of biomaterials and devices into soft tissues leads to the development of the foreign body response (FBR), which can interfere with implant function and eventually lead to failure. The FBR consists of overlapping acute and persistent inflammatory phases coupled with collagenous encapsulation and currently there are no therapeutic options. ...
Do D V - - 2011
Background:  Keloid scarring is a dermal fibroproliferative disorder characterized by increased fibroblast proliferation and excessive production of collagen-extracellular matrix (ECM) components. To date, the role of cytokines in the keloid pathogenesis has not been completely unraveled. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that plays important roles in wound healing, fibrogenesis ...
Skjøt-Arkil Helene - - 2011
Abstract By secreting proteases such as cathepsins and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), macrophage foam cells may be a major cause of ruptured atherosclerotic plaques. The aims of the present study were to investigate in vitro role of human macrophage foam cells in degrading type I collagen, a major component of extracellular ...
Pal-Ghosh Sonali - - 2011
Recurrent corneal erosions are painful and put patients' vision at risk. Treatment typically begins with debridement of the area around the erosion site followed by more aggressive treatments. An in vivo mouse model has been developed that reproducibly induces recurrent epithelial erosions in wild-type mice spontaneously within two weeks after ...
Olaso Elvira - - 2011
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) interact with fibrillar collagen through the discoidin domain receptor 2 (DDR2) in acute hepatic injury, generating increased fibrosis. However, the contribution of DDR2 signaling to chronic liver fibrosis in vivo is unclear, despite its relevance to chronic human liver disease. We administered carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) to ...
Millar Neal L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To seek evidence for the role of hypoxia in early human tendinopathy, and thereafter to explore mechanisms whereby tissue hypoxia may regulate apoptosis, inflammatory mediator expression and matrix regulation in human tenocytes.METHODS: Fifteen torn supraspinatus tendon (established pathology) and matched intact subscapularis tendon (representing 'early pathology') biopsies were collected ...
Xuzhu Gao G Institute of Infection, Immunity and Infl ammation, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2012
Alcohol intake is inversely related to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease incidence and severity. Resveratrol, a safe, well-described plant-derived compound, possesses anti-inflammation and immune-regulatory properties and is present in red wine. As such, it could mediate anti-inflammatory properties of the latter and offer novel therapeutic utility in is own right. To ...
Tal Orna - - 2011
Dendritic cells (DCs) must travel through lymphatics to carry skin antigens into lymph nodes. The processes controlling their mobilization and migration have not been completely delineated. We studied how DCs in live mice respond to skin inflammation, transmigrate through lymphatic endothelium, and propagate in initial lymphatics. At steady state, dermal ...
Wang Yanhui - - 2011
Cardiac fibroblasts play the key role in cardiac function and matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) is a well known contributor to the development of myocardial remodeling. However, the direct regulation of MMP-9 on the function of cardiac fibroblasts and the underlying mechanism are far from elucidation. In the present research, recombinant protein ...
Lee Soo-Jin - - 2012
Topical retinoids inhibit matrix metalloproteinases and accelerate collagen synthesis, thereby triggering antiaging effects in the skin. However, topical retinoids can cause severe skin reactions, including scaling, erythema, papules, and inflammation. The present study demonstrates that the ethanolic bark extract of Alstonia scholaris R. Br. can significantly inhibit all-trans retinoic acid-induced ...
Koca Suleyman Serdar - - 2011
Scleroderma is a chronic fibrotic disorder. Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, is reported to attenuate experimentally induced renal and cardiac fibrosis. This study aimed to evaluate the preventive and therapeutic efficacies of bortezomib on a bleomycin (BLM)-induced scleroderma model. Dermal fibrosis was induced in Balb/c mice by subcutaneous BLM (100 μg/day) injections. ...
Mi Su - - 2011
Pulmonary fibrosis is the pathologic basis for a variety of incurable human chronic lung diseases. IL-17A, a glycoprotein secreted from IL-17-producing cells, has recently been shown to be a proinflammatory cytokine involved in chronic inflammation and autoimmune disease. In this study, we report that IL-17A increased the synthesis and secretion ...
Dewit Jasper - - 2011
A cartilaginous pectoral fin endoskeleton in zebrafish (Danio rerio) develops early, after which the cartilage of the larval fin endoskeleton undergoes a complete transformation into the adult morphology. This transformation includes multiple subdivisions of a single cartilaginous disk. The type of cartilage subdivision is unique to teleost fish. In this ...
Nakahama Taisuke - - 2011
The contributions of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (Ahr) to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis have not been elucidated. Here, we show that Ahr deficiency ameliorated collagen-induced arthritis, a mouse model of RA. Collagen-immunized Ahr KO mice showed decreased serum levels of such proinflammatory cytokines as IL-1β and IL-6. The Th17 and ...
Ardissone Vittoria - - 2011
OBJECTIVE.: The aim of the present study was to assess the therapeutic potential of a P2X purinergic receptor antagonist, namely periodate oxidized ATP (oATP), in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS.: Arthritis was induced in male DBA/1J mice by immunization with type II collagen. Animals showing digits inflammation and paw swelling were ...
Pauley Kaleb M - - 2011
Evaluation of: Nakasa T, Shibuya H, Nagata Y, Niimoto T, Ochi M: The inhibitory effect of microRNA-146a expression on bone destruction in collagen-induced arthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 63(6), 1582-1590 (2011). miRNA-146a (miR-146a) has been shown to play an important role in the negative regulation of inflammatory innate immune responses, and is ...
King Talmadge E TE - - 2011
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating, age-related lung disease of unknown cause that has few treatment options. This disease was once thought to be a chronic inflammatory process, but current evidence indicates that the fibrotic response is driven by abnormally activated alveolar epithelial cells (AECs). These cells produce mediators that ...
Xiao Cheng - - 2011
Puerarin is a major active ingredient extracted from the root of P. lobata, a traditional Chinese herb, and possesses anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the low oral bioavailability of puerarin limits its further application. Therefore, we synthesized tetraacetyl puerarin (4AC) through acetylation to improve its liposolubility and bioavailability. In the ...
Wynes Murry W - - 2011
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is associated with the accumulation of collagen-secreting fibroblasts and myofibroblasts in the lung parenchyma. Many mechanisms contribute to their accumulation, including resistance to apoptosis. In previous work, we showed that exposure to the proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IFN-γ reverses the resistance of lung fibroblasts to apoptosis. ...
Sun Lin - - 2011
Inflammation plays a major role in the destruction of cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA), with the interaction of multiple mediators, immune cells, fibroblasts and chondrocytes. Current 2D studies in vitro with cell lines, as well as animal models, are limited in terms of providing insight into pathogenic mechanisms related to the ...
Weindl Günther - - 2011
Topical glucocorticoids (GCs) are extensively used in the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases. However, their long-term use is often accompanied by severe and eventually irreversible adverse effects, with atrophy being the most important limitation. Currently, most non-clinical studies involve animal testing, so the results are not always representative of the ...
Pal Sankhadeep - - 2011
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the ubiquitous environmental pollutants and is responsible for various organ pathophysiology including hepatic disorders. It is extremely toxic even in low concentrations and bioaccumulate in organisms. The present study has been carried out to investigate the cytoprotective role of arjunolic acid (AA), a tri terpenoid ...
Choi Jung Kyoung - - 2011
Recently, many studies have shown that granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has anti-apoptotic activity and regulates the expression of anti-apoptotic genes including Bcl-2 family proteins in neuronal cells in vitro and in vivo. This study investigated detailed mechanism of GM-CSF involved in its anti-apoptotic activity and regulation of Bcl-2 expression ...
Peng Xueyan - - 2011
Collagen-containing leukocytes (CD45+Col-I+) accumulate in diseased and fibrotic tissues. However, the precise identity of these cells and whether injury is required for their recruitment remain unknown. Using a murine model of pulmonary fibrosis in which an inducible, bioactive form of the human transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 gene is targeted to ...
Del Buono A - - 2011
Overuse tendinopathies are a common cause of pain and disability in athletes. According to histological findings, it is a failed healing response to overuse tendon injury. In obesity, macrophages and mast cells migrate to adipose tissue, and the resulting decreased availability of immune circulating cells should be responsible for less ...
Correa-Costa Matheus - - 2011
Tubule-interstitial nephritis (TIN) results in decreased renal function and interstitial inflammation, which ultimately leads to fibrosis. Excessive adenine intake can cause TIN because xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) can convert this purine into an insoluble compound, which precipitates in the tubuli. Innate immune sensors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLR) and inflammasome complex, ...
Nordberg Marika - - 2011
Aiming to investigate the role of cytotoxic mechanisms in neuroborreliosis (NB), the cytokines IL-2, IL-7, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-15, GM-CSF and the Th17-cytokine IL-17 were analyzed in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma from NB-patients. NB-patients showed increased levels in CSF compared to controls of all analyzed cytokines except IL-15 but not ...
Eubank Tim D - - 2011
Macrophages contribute to tumor growth through the secretion of the proangiogenic molecule vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We previously observed that monocytes treated with the cytokine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) produce a soluble form of the VEGF receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1), which neutralizes VEGF biologic activity. The VEGF and VEGFR-1 promoters both ...
Yamamoto Shinichi - - 2010
We analyzed the mechanism of microglial proliferation in rat axotomized facial nucleus (axotFN). In immunoblotting analysis for possible mitogens, we noticed that the amounts of macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) increased in the axotFN for 3-7 days after transection. In contrast, the amounts of granulocyte macrophage-CSF and interleukin-3 did not significantly ...
Winters Michael S - - 2010
The fungal pathogen Histoplasma capsulatum evades the innate and adaptive immune responses and thrives within resting macrophages. Cytokines that induce antimicrobial activity, such as granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), inhibit H. capsulatum growth in macrophages. Conversely, interleukin 4 inhibits the killing of intracellular pathogens. Using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, ...
Kim Joong-Sun - - 2010
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-csf) is a member of the hematopoietic growth factor family and demonstrates neuroprotective functions in neurodegenerative diseases. This study evaluated the radioprotective effects of G-csf in the suppression of hippocampal neurogenesis in adult mice undergoing irradiation. The radioprotective effects were assessed using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP ...
Boulware David R - - 2010
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM)-related immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) complicates antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 20%-40% of ART-naive persons with AIDS and prior CM. Pathogenesis is unknown. We compared initial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures, inflammatory markers, and cytokine profiles in ART-naive patients with AIDS who did or did not subsequently develop IRIS ...
Ashwood Paul - - 2011
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impairment in social interactions, communication deficits, and restricted repetitive interests and behaviors. A potential etiologic role for immune dysfunction in ASD has been suggested. Dynamic adaptive cellular immune function was investigated in 66 children with a confirmed diagnosis of ASD and 73 confirmed ...
Martinez-Moczygemba Margarita - - 2010
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease of the lung characterized by the accumulation of surfactant-derived lipoproteins within pulmonary alveolar macrophages and alveoli, resulting in respiratory insufficiency and increased infections. The disease is caused by a disruption in surfactant catabolism by alveolar macrophages due to loss of functional granulocyte-macrophage ...
Knobloch Jürgen - - 2010
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) therapy is complicated by corticosteroid resistance of the interleukin 8 (IL-8)-dependent and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-dependent chronic airway inflammation, for whose establishment human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) might be crucial. It is unclear whether the release of inflammatory mediators from HASMCs is modulated ...
Uzawa Akiyuki - - 2010
Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is assumed to be immunologically distinct from multiple sclerosis (MS). Adequate studies about cytokines and chemokines in NMO have been lacking. Objective: To investigate the contribution of cytokines/chemokines in the pathogenesis of NMO. Methods: We measured 27 cytokines/chemokines and Th17 cell-associated cytokines in the cerebrospinal fluid ...
Guglielmetti Simone - - 2010
The probiotic approach represents an alternative strategy in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, not only at the intestinal level but also at other sites of the body where the microbiota plays a role in the maintenance of physiological homeostasis. In this context, we evaluated in vitro the potential ...
Cowburn Andrew S AS Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2011
Neutrophil apoptosis is essential for the resolution of inflammation but is delayed by several inflammatory mediators. In such terminally differentiated cells it has been uncertain whether these agents can inhibit apoptosis through transcriptional regulation of anti-death (Bcl-X(L), Mcl-1, Bcl2A1) or BH3-only (Bim, Bid, Puma) Bcl2-family proteins. We report that granulocyte/macrophage ...
Martins Andrew - - 2010
The three colony-stimulating factors, granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), have been regarded as immunostimulators because of their role in granulocyte and myeloid hematopoiesis and immune function. However, unlike GM-CSF and M-CSF, G-CSF possesses immunosuppressive effects on other immune cells including monocytes/macrophages, dendritic ...
Tada Rui - - 2011
We have previously obtained and elucidated the precise structure of a highly branched 1,3-β-d-glucan (with 6-monoglucopyranosyl side chains), Aureobasidium pullulans-fermented β-d-glucan (AP-FBG), from the fungus A. pullulans. However, the mechanism(s) of the effects of AP-FBG on in vitro mouse primary cells have not been analyzed in detail. Herein, we report ...
Bailey Mark J - - 2011
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) (also known as CSF-1) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) have distinct effects on macrophage lineage populations, which are likely to be contributing to their functional heterogeneity. A comparative proteomic analysis of proteins released into culture media from such populations after M-CSF and GM-CSF exposure was carried ...
Zorzi Penelope - - 2010
Angiogenesis in the aortic ring model is preceded by activation of the immune system and impaired by ablation of adventitial macrophages. Treatment of aortic cultures with M-CSF induced extensive periaortic outgrowth of CD45(+) CD68(+) mononuclear cells with ultrastructural features of macrophages and DCs. Periaortic lysis of collagen caused many CD45(+) ...
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