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Results 351 - 400 of 747
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Serri Omar - - 2004
GH deficiency is associated with increased prevalence of atherosclerosis, and recent data indicate a proatherogenic role for macrophage lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the arterial wall. In this pilot study, we determined LPL expression and foam cell formation in monocyte-derived macrophages of 12 control subjects and nine patients with GH deficiency ...
Leonarduzzi Gabriella - - 2004
Oxysterols, 27-carbon atoms cholesterol oxidation products, are consistently detectable in minimally oxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) and accumulate in the core of fibrotic plaques. Several oxysterols of pathophysiological interest have been shown to possess many and diverse biochemical activities. In particular, 7-ketocholesterol (7K), a major cholesterol oxide both in oxLDLs ...
Eiji Matsuura
The oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the intima of arteries contributes to the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. We have previously reported that oxidized LDL (oxLDL) interacts with an endogenous plasma protein, β2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI), to form complexes and that the interaction is mediated by oxLDL specific ...
Mitchell Robert A - - 2004
The importance of secreted cytokines and growth factors in the development and promotion of malignancies is often underestimated. Many different soluble, extracellular gene products participate in processes that collectively contribute to the growth and survival of a developing neoplasm. These secreted molecules can, directly or indirectly, play a central role ...
Meyer-Siegler Katherine L - - 2004
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine found in epithelial cells as preformed stores, such that MIF release can activate innate immune responses. Our identification of MIF stores in the urothelium suggests that MIF may function in the bladder's initial response to infectious stimuli, such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS). ...
Baumann Ralf - - 2003
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine known to activate macrophages and T cells. In this study, we demonstrate that recombinant MIF delays apoptosis of neutrophils in vitro. MIF action is dose and time dependent as well as specific since it was abolished with a neutralizing anti-MIF antibody. ...
Khan Michael - - 2003
During normal tissue homeostasis apoptotic cells (AC) are rapidly recognised and engulfed by neighbouring cells or macrophages (Mphi), thus preventing an inflammatory response. Conversely, in chronically inflamed tissues, including the atherosclerotic artery and rheumatoid joint, removal of AC is defective despite the co-localisation of seemingly adequate numbers of Mphi. Mechanisms ...
Holven Kirsten B - - 2003
An elevated plasma concentration of homocysteine is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanisms are still unclear. Lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) has ligand specificity for oxidized LDL (oxLDL). We hypothesized that homocysteine's atherogenic effects may involve LOX-1-mediated mechanisms. We examined the effect of folic acid supplementation ...
Carpenter Keri L H - - 2003
Death of macrophages and smooth muscle cells (SMC) can lead to progression of atherosclerosis. Mildly oxidised low-density lipoprotein (mildly-oxLDL) induced more overall death and apoptosis than moderately oxidised LDL, in human monocyte-macrophages (HMM). Mildly-oxLDL also induced more overall death in human SMC than did moderately-oxLDL. Mildly-oxLDL contained more hydroperoxides, but ...
Baugh J A - - 2003
The diverse actions of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) within the immuno-neuroendocrine system are yet to be fully understood, but it is clear that MIF plays a pivotal role in the regulation of both the innate and adaptive immune response. An emerging body of data presently indicates that MIF's position ...
Smythe Cheryl D W - - 2003
Inflammatory cytokine synthesis by monocyte-macrophages in the developing plaque represents an important amplification point in atherosclerotic disease progression. Here we have investigated whether the state of monocyte-macrophage differentiation can influence TNF alpha synthesis in response to scavenged modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL). We show that LDL modified by nitration induces TNF ...
Calandra Thierry - - 2003
For more than a quarter of a century, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been a mysterious cytokine. In recent years, MIF has assumed an important role as a pivotal regulator of innate immunity. MIF is an integral component of the host antimicrobial alarm system and stress response that promotes ...
Hoi Alberta Y - - 2003
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the prototype of a cluster of diseases that are characterized by a loss of self tolerance and chronic inflammation in organs including skin, kidney, brain and joints. Researchers have long debated the varying contributions of the components of the immune system to the pathogenesis of ...
Flieger Oliver - - 2003
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is inducibly secreted by immune cells and certain other cell types to critically participate in the regulation of the host immune response. However, MIF does not contain a N-terminal signal sequence and the mechanism of MIF secretion is unknown. Here we show in ...
Morimoto Tatsuya - - 2003
Recent reports have indicated that macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays a key role in systemic as well as local inflammatory and immune responses. In this study, the presence and localization of MIF in human gingival tissue were examined. The expression of MIF was confirmed by western blot analysis, which ...
Yamato Kazumi - - 2003
Apolipoprotein E (apo E) has an impact on lipid metabolism and its production by macrophages is considered to play a protective role against atherosclerosis. Apo A-I stimulates secretion of apo E from macrophages. We developed a new method to evaluate the ability of human monocyte-derived macrophages to secrete apo E, ...
Yellon S M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This review focuses on the contribution of immune cell trafficking and activities during the initial phase of activation in the process of parturition. Although uterine contractile activity has been the predominant focus for the mechanism that initiates labor, significant cellular and biochemical changes cause remodeling of the cervix well ...
Feng Bo - - 2003
Excess cellular cholesterol induces apoptosis in macrophages, an event likely to promote progression of atherosclerosis. The cellular mechanism of cholesterol-induced apoptosis is unknown but had previously been thought to involve the plasma membrane. Here we report that the unfolded protein response (UPR) in the endoplasmic reticulum is activated in cholesterol-loaded ...
Panilaitis Bruce - - 2003
Silk fibers have potential biomedical applications beyond their traditional use as sutures. The physical properties of silk fibers and films make it a promising candidate for tissue engineering scaffold applications, particularly where high mechanical loads or tensile forces are applied or in cases where low rates of degradation are desirable. ...
Ronda N - - 2003
Normal human immunoglobulin G (IgG) has anti-inflammatory and immuno-regulatory properties, which are exploited in the therapy of selected diseases. A putative mechanisms of action is the direct regulation of endothelial cell function by natural antiendothelial cell antibodies. Endothelium activation is a critical event in atherosclerosis. We have verified the ability ...
Miller Yury I - - 2003
Formation of filamentous F-actin drives many cellular processes, including phagocytosis and cell spreading. We have recently reported that mouse macrophage 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) activity promotes F-actin formation in filopodia during phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) also stimulates robust F-actin formation and spreading of macrophages. However, unlike apoptotic cells, ...
Stavitsky Abram B - - 2003
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a cytokine produced by many cell types, modulates cellular and humoral immune responses. In schistosomiasis, ova in the portal circulation induce a delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) that results in formation of hepatic granulomas (HG) which secrete MIF activity. Therefore, we hypothesized that endogenous MIF modulates ...
Leech Michelle - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the capacity of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) to regulate proliferation, apoptosis, and p53 in an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from humans with RA. METHODS: Antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) was induced in MIF(-/-) mice and littermate controls. FLS were obtained from ...
Calandra Thierry - - 2003
Macrophages are essential effector cells of innate immunity that play a pivotal role in the recognition and elimination of invasive microorganisms. Mediators released by activated macrophages orchestrate innate and adaptive immune host responses. The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an integral mediator of the innate immune system. Monocytes ...
Rice Edwina K - - 2003
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) promotes macrophage accumulation and leucocyte activation during inflammation. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor is upregulated in intrinsic renal cells in many types of kidney diseases, and has a pathogenic role in rat crescentic nephritis. However, little is known about the factors that regulate the production and ...
Rigotti Attilio - - 2003
Because cholesterol is a precursor for the synthesis of steroid hormones, steroidogenic tissues have evolved multiple pathways to ensure adequate supplies of cholesterol. These include synthesis, storage as cholesteryl esters, and import from lipoproteins. In addition to endocytosis via members of the low-density lipoprotein receptor superfamily, steroidogenic cells acquire cholesterol ...
Swynghedauw Bernard - - 2003
This review focuses on the molecular determinants of the duration of the QT interval as measured on by electrocardiography in normal subjects and during cardiac hypertrophy and failure. (a) In control conditions, on a single cell, the shape and duration of the action potential is the result of a balance ...
Lolis Elias - - 2003
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a ubiquitous protein that is found in virtually all cells. Its precise function in the majority of cells is not known, but studies performed over the last decade indicate that it is a critical upstream regulator of the innate and acquired immune response. MIF ...
Rozenberg Orit - - 2003
Human serum paraoxonase (PON1), an HDL-associated esterase, protects lipoproteins against oxidation, probably by hydrolyzing specific lipid peroxides. As arterial macrophages play a key role in oxidative stress in early atherogenesis, the aim of the present study was to examine the effect of PON1 on macrophage oxidative stress. For this purpose ...
Nguyen Mai Tuyet - - 2003
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) exhibits pro- and anti-inflammatory activities and regulates cell proliferation and survival. We investigated the effects of MIF on apoptosis. As MIF exhibits oxidoreductase activity and participates in regulating oxidative cell stress, we studied whether MIF could affect oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. We demonstrated that ...
Jin Weijun - - 2003
The endothelium interacts extensively with lipids and lipoproteins, but there are very few data regarding the ability of endothelial cells to secrete lipases. In this study, we investigated the ability of endothelial cells to secrete the triglyceride lipase and phospholipase activities characteristic of endothelial lipase (EL), a recently described member ...
Milosavljevic Dragana - - 2003
Mixed dyslipidemia of phenotype IIB is characterized by elevated levels of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-1 and VLDL-2 subfractions and of low density lipoprotein (LDL), which are associated with premature formation of atherosclerotic plaques, characterized by the presence of lipid-rich macrophage foam cells. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key factor ...
Hara Masumi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) mediates cellular cholesterol efflux and plays a crucial role in the inhibition of atherogenesis. We investigated whether there is an isoform-specific difference in its function for cholesterol efflux from cholesterol-loaded RAW264.7 cells, a murine macrophage cell line that lacks endogenous apoE expression. METHODS AND RESULTS: When ...
Denkinger Claudia M - - 2003
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine that plays a critical role in the regulation of macrophage effector functions and T cell activation. However, its role in the pathogenesis of T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases, such as experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), has remained unresolved. In this study, we report that ...
Asmis Reto - - 2003
Several studies suggest that macrophage death and subsequent lysis contribute to the development of advanced atherosclerotic lesions. Although oxidized LDL (OxLDL) is thought to contribute to lesion formation and induces macrophage apoptosis, the mechanisms underlying macrophage lysis have not been well defined. To determine if induction of apoptosis in human ...
Nguyen, Tuyet Mai
It was the aim of this work to investigate and establish potential connections between the biochemical redox properties of MIF and the role of the redox activity of MIF for its biological functions and effects on cellular signaling. In particular, I wished to determine in detail the biochemical redox properties ...
Calandra Thierry - - 2003
Among innate immune cells, macrophages play an essential role in the sensing and elimination of invasive microorganisms. Binding of microbial products to pathogen-recognition receptors stimulates macrophages to release cytokines and other effector molecules that orchestrate the host innate and adaptive immune responses. Recently, the protein known as macrophage migration inhibitory ...
Zhang Jimin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Thymidine phosphorylase (dThdPase) is a key enzyme in the activation of the pro-drugs of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), 5-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5'-DFUR) and capecitabine. In colorectal carcinoma (CRC), the major cells expressing dThdPase have been shown to be stromal cells, particularly macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was designed to clarify whether ...
Roger Thierry - - 2003
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has emerged recently as an important mediator of inflammation and innate immunity. MIF is rapidly released by macrophages after stimulation with microbial products and pro-inflammatory cytokines and, in turn, stimulates the production of pro-inflammatory mediators by immune cells. Immunoneutralization of MIF or deletion ...
Fingerle-Rowson Gunter - - 2003
Glucocorticoid hormones are important anti-inflammatory agents because of their anti-inflammatory and proapoptotic action within the immune system. Their clinical usefulness remains limited however by side effects that result in part from their growth inhibitory action on sensitive target tissues. The protein mediator, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), is an important ...
Salvayre Robert - - 2002
Cultured cells are able to oxidize low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and oxidized LDL (oxLDL), which are present in atherosclerosis areas, exhibit a variety of biological properties potentially involved in atherogenesis. This review is focused on the toxicity of oxLDL, more precisely on the toxic compounds generated during LDL oxidation, the features ...
Miller Yury I - - 2003
Minimally modified low density lipoprotein (mmLDL) is a pro-inflammatory and pro-atherogenic lipoprotein that, unlike profoundly oxidized LDL (OxLDL), is not recognized by scavenger receptors and thus does not have enhanced uptake by macrophages. However, here we demonstrate that mmLDL (as well as OxLDL) induces actin polymerization and spreading of macrophages, ...
Imanishi Toshio - - 2002
Under normal conditions, vascular endothelial cells are resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis, although they express detectable Fas on their cell surface. Because oxidized Low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) is thought to promote atherogenesis, the potential role that Ox-LDL may play in Fas-mediated apoptosis was investigated in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs), ...
Hu Ying-Li - - 2002
Endothelial cell (EC) migration is required for vascular development and wound healing. We investigated the roles of microtubule (MT) dynamics and the small GTPase Rac in the fluid shear stress-induced protrusion of lamellipodia and enhancement of migration of bovine aortic ECs (BAECs). Shear stress increased lamellipodial protrusion and cell migration. ...
Kunjathoor Vidya V - - 2002
Modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL) can result in the avid uptake of these lipoproteins via a family of macrophage transmembrane proteins referred to as scavenger receptors (SRs). The genetic inactivation of either of two SR family members, SR-A or CD36, has been shown previously to reduce oxidized LDL uptake ...
Ares Mikko P S - - 2002
Inflammation and immune responses are considered to be very important in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Lipid accumulation in macrophages of the arterial intima is a characteristic feature of atherosclerosis which can influence the inflammatory potential of macrophages. We studied the effects of lipid loading on the regulation of TNF expression ...
Zang Xingxing - - 2002
Cytokines are the molecular messengers of the vertebrate immune system, coordinating the local and systemic immune responses to infective organisms. We report here functional and structural data on cytokine-like proteins from a eukaryotic pathogen. Two homologues of the human cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) have been isolated from the ...
Feng Bo - - 2002
In advanced atherosclerosis, macrophage foam cells progressively accumulate large amounts of unesterified or "free" cholesterol (FC), a process that is thought to contribute to foam cell death and lesional necrosis. The cellular consequences of early FC accumulation, including those that lead to further FC accumulation, are poorly understood. In this ...
Zhang Youyan - - 2002
ABCA1 is an ATP binding cassette transporter that plays an essential role in cholesterol and phospholipid efflux and HDL biogenesis. ABCA1 expression in macrophage cells is subject to regulation by cAMP, cholesterol loading, and ligands of the nuclear receptors liver X receptor (LXR) and retinoid X receptor (RXR). We report ...
Alfonso Teresa B - - 2002
glial cells missing (gcm) is the primary regulator of glial cell fate in Drosophila. In addition, gcm has a role in the differentiation of the plasmatocyte/macrophage lineage of hemocytes. Since mutation of gcm causes only a decrease in plasmatocyte numbers without changing their ability to convert into macrophages, gcm cannot ...
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