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Results 301 - 350 of 760
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Anahara Reiko - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multifunctional protein that acts as a pro-inflammatory cytokine, pituitary hormone, immunoregulator and mitogen. The MIF gene knockout (MIFKO) mouse has been used to study the MIF response in many tissues, such as with skin injury and spinal cord injury; however, there is little ...
Scholz Hanne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have demonstrated the ability of oxidized LDL [(ox)LDL] to promote an inflammatory response in macrophages. Several inflammatory mediators have been reported to increase after oxLDL stimulation of such cells, but their relative importance is still unknown. In the present study, we used microarrays to identify genes in ...
Schmitt-Grohé Sabina - - 2005
According to the endotoxin lipoprotein hypothesis, lipoproteins may down-regulate cytokine production by neutralizing lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding protein (LBP) complexes. We investigated the correlation between lipoproteins, LBP, cytokine production, and clinical status in Delta F 508 (homozygous) individuals. Cystic fibrosis patients with mild disease were compared with those with more severe ...
Schrans-Stassen B H G J - - 2005
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a well known proinflammatory factor that influences the migration and proliferation of various cell types, predominantly monocytes and macrophages. Recent evidence suggests an important role for MIF in the progression of atherosclerosis and restenosis. For this reason, we studied the effect of MIF on ...
Dersch K - - 2005
Enzymatic modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) as it probably occurs in the arterial intima drastically increases its cytotoxicity, which could be relevant for the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. LDL was treated with a protease and cholesterylesterase to generate a derivative similar to lesional LDL, with a high content of free ...
Boyanovsky Boris B - - 2005
Accumulating evidence indicates that secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) enzymes promote atherogenic processes. We have previously showed the presence of Group V sPLA2 (GV sPLA2) in human and mouse atherosclerotic lesions, its hydrolysis of low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles, and the ability of GV sPLA2-modified LDL (GV-LDL) to induce macrophage foam ...
Svensson Per-Arne - - 2006
Lipid accumulation and inflammation are key hallmarks of the atherosclerotic plaque and macrophage uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is believed to drive these processes. Initial experiments show that supernatants from oxLDL treated macrophages could induce IL-1beta production in naïve macrophages. To search for potential paracrine mediators that could mediate ...
Yaraei Kambiz - - 2005
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common respiratory pathogen that is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanisms by which C. pneumoniae contributes to cardiovascular disease have not been determined yet. C. pneumoniae infection may accelerate the death of cells within atherosclerotic lesions and contribute to the formation ...
Morand E F - - 2005
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) participates in fundamental events in innate and adaptive immunity. The profile of activities of MIF in vivo and in vitro is strongly suggestive of a role for MIF in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and hence antagonism of ...
Oddo Mauro - - 2005
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a key mediator of the innate immune system and plays a crucial role in the host response to bacterial infections. Its role in immunity to intracellular pathogens has not been well studied. Here, we show that MIF released by infected human macrophages inhibits the ...
Zhang Hai-Ying - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has emerged to be a pivotal cytokine in immune-mediated diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To investigate the role of MIF in chronic hepatitis B infection, we studied two groups of hepatitis B surface antigen positive patients: group 1 (immune tolerant, n = 16) and group ...
Ren Y - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and its downstream cytokine cascade in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS AND RESULTS: The expression of MIF mRNA and protein in NEC guts was assayed by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Concentrations of MIF, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in ...
Baez Juan M - - 2005
Macrophages are the predominant cellular component of atherosclerotic lesions, where they scavenge oxidatively modified lipoproteins while defending themselves against cholesterol-induced cytotoxicity by adaptive mechanisms that depend in part on the synthesis, distribution and efflux of phosphatidylcholines. PC-TP (phosphatidylcholine transfer protein) is a START (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein-related lipid transfer) domain ...
Chagnon Frederic - - 2005
The pathophysiology of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction still remains controversial. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has recently been identified as a cardiac-derived myocardial depressant factor in septic shock. Putative mechanisms by which MIF affects cardiac function are unknown. In an investigation of possible mechanisms of action, a rat model of endotoxin ...
Hedger Mark - - 2005
Leydig cells have been implicated in several inflammation-related responses of the testis. Specifically, these cells produce the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6, stimulate macrophage recruitment, and promote interstitial fluid formation. In addition, the immunoregulatory cytokines macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFbeta1), and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) are constitutively ...
Rader Daniel J - - 2005
Atherogenesis requires and is highly influenced by the interaction between lipoproteins and macrophages. Most of the focus to date has been on the ability of atherogenic lipoproteins (such as low-density lipoproteins, LDL) to promote and of anti-atherogenic lipoproteins (such as high-density lipoproteins, HDL) to prevent the development of the cholesteryl ...
Cvetkovic Ivana - - 2005
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays a pivotal role in several immunoinflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In this study we examined the role of MIF in the development of immunoinflammatory diabetes induced in susceptible strains of mice by multiple low doses of streptozotocin. We found that ...
Asmis Reto - - 2005
Oxidative modifications render low density lipoprotein cytotoxic and enhance its propensity to aggregate and fuse into particles similar to those found in atherosclerotic lesions. We showed previously that aggregation of oxidized LDL (OxLDL) promotes the transformation of human macrophages into lipid-laden foam cells (Asmis, R., and J. Jelk. 2000. Large ...
Lindholm Marie Wickström - - 2005
Lipoprotein trapping in arterial intima increases the risk for lipoprotein oxidation, foam cell formation, and inflammatory response in surrounding cells. Modified lipoproteins increase smooth muscle cell production of proteoglycans likely to retain lipoproteins in intimal extracellular matrix. We hypothesized that macrophage proteoglycan production is regulated in a similar manner, and ...
Hui David Y - - 2005
Over the years, the vascular protective role of apolipoprotein (apo) E has been attributed to the ability of apoE to induce cholesterol efflux from macrophage foam cells and its transport of extrahepatic cholesterol to the liver for excretion out of the body. Recently, apoE has been shown to protect against ...
Nihei Shun-ichi - - 2005
1. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) is involved in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We also sought to determine whether this apoptosis is regulated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. 2. Low-density ...
Limor Rona - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a membrane protein that can act as a surface endocytosis receptor for oxidized LDL (ox-LDL). As increased cellular uptake of ox-LDL by macrophages and activated smooth muscle cells may transform these cells into foam cells, potential interactions among LDL oxidation, ox-LDL uptake, ...
Shimizu Tadamichi - - 2005
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) functions as a pleiotropic protein, participating in both inflammation and immune responses. MIF was originally discovered as a lymphokine involved in delayed type hypersensitivity and various macrophage functions, including phagocytosis, and tumor surveillance. Recently, MIF has been re-evaluated as a pro-inflammatory cytokine and identified as ...
Akoum Ali - - 2005
Originally identified for its capacity to inhibit the random migration of macrophages in vitro, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is now recognized as a multifunctional cytokine that modulates the immune response and acts as a growth and angiogenic factor. Recent studies showed that MIF is expressed in the human endometrium ...
Solini Anna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by a high incidence of coronary heart disease. Evidence suggests an important role for angiotensin II (AngII) in the fibrotic response to tissue injury, and in promoting myocardial hypertrophy via paracrine mechanisms mediated by fibroblasts. We sought to determine whether AngII promotes proliferative and ...
Makowski Liza - - 2005
Fatty acid-binding proteins are cytosolic fatty acid chaperones, and the adipocyte isoform, aP2, plays an important role in obesity and glucose metabolism. Recently, this protein has been detected in macrophages where it strongly contributes to the development of atherosclerosis. Here, we investigated the role of aP2 in macrophage biology and ...
Molnar Valeria - - 2005
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has recently emerged as a crucial factor in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is debated whether the MIF mediated tautomeric conversion of either phenylpyruvate or of its other phenolic substrates is implicated in the pro-inflammatory action of this cytokine. Traditional herbal ...
Müller Ruth - - 2005
Cytokines have direct effects on testicular cell functions and a number of cytokines are produced constitutively within the testis, even in the absence of immune-activation events. There is clear evidence that cytokines play a dual role as important regulatory factors in the normal function of the testis, as well as ...
Morand Eric F - - 2005
Rheumatoid arthritis is characterised by the interaction of multiple mediators, among the most important of which are cytokines. In recent years, extensive data demonstrates a pivotal role for one cytokine, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), in fundamental events in innate and adaptive immunity. MIF has now been demonstrated to be ...
Wang Fuzhou - - 2005
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a member of the cytokine family, is beginning to be recognized as a pleiotropic proinflammatory molecule. MIF exerts function via antagonistic regulation of glucocorticoids, inhibition to apoptosis-mediated p53, influence on vasodilator gas NO and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), feedback counter-regulation of complement C5a controlling ...
Kondomerkos Dimitrios J - - 2005
Macrophages interact with modified lipoproteins and alter their functional status. In this study, the effects of the adrenergic agents adrenaline, isoproterenol, and dobutamine on macrophages activated with acetylated low-density lipoprotein were tested. The aim of this investigation was to determine whether adrenergic agents influence biologically significant functions of these cells ...
Schmeisser Alexander - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor 1alpha (MIF), a cytokine with immunoregulatory functions has been suggested to be involved in atherosclerotic plaque development. However, little is known about MIF-inducing conditions in the atherosclerotic process and the association of MIF with plaque instability. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-two carotid endatherectomy samples from 36 ...
Hultén Lillemor Mattsson - - 2005
This study tested the hypothesis that human macrophages have the ability to modify oxidation products in LDL and oxidized LDL (oxLDL) via a cellular antioxidant defence system. While many studies have focused on macrophage LDL oxidation in atherosclerosis development, less attention has been given to the cellular antioxidant capacity of ...
Rosenblat Mira - - 2005
We investigated the role of HDL-associated paraoxonase 1 (PON1) in HDL-mediated macrophage cholesterol efflux by using HDL derived from wild type mice (Control-HDL), from human PON1-transgenic mice (HDL-PON1Tg) or from PON1-knockout mice (HDL-PON1(0)). Cholesterol efflux from mouse peritoneal macrophages (MPM) or from J774 A.1 macrophage cell line by HDL-PON1Tg, was ...
Chang Mi-Kyung - - 2004
Oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) generates a variety of oxidatively modified lipids and lipid-protein adducts that are immunogenic and proinflammatory, which in turn contribute to atherogenesis. Cells undergoing apoptosis also display oxidized moieties on their surface membranes, as determined by binding of oxidation-specific monoclonal antibodies. In the present paper, ...
Wong Louisa Y F - - 2005
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a potent vasorelaxant peptide that plays important roles in cardiovascular homeostasis and inflammatory response. ADM derived from macrophages is one of the major sources of ADM that is produced in the inflammatory process. To assess the functions of ADM in inflammation, we studied the temporal changes in ...
Skurk Thomas - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been identified as a critical mediator of inflammatory responses. Because of its potent migration inhibition activity, it regulates macrophage accumulation in tissues. We therefore analyzed whether human adipocytes produce MIF, in the search of candidate mediators of macrophage ...
Lamharzi Najib - - 2004
Hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia are important risk factors for diabetes-accelerated atherosclerosis. Macrophage proliferation has been implicated in the progression of atherosclerosis. We therefore investigated the effects of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia on macrophage proliferation in murine atherosclerotic lesions and isolated primary macrophages. Hyperglycemic LDL receptor-deficient mice that were fed a cholesterol-free diet ...
Feril Loreto B LB - - 2004
The biological effects of low intensity ultrasound (US) in vitro; the mechanisms involved; and the factors that can enhance or inhibit these effects are reviewed. The lowest possible US intensities required to induce cell killing or to produce free radicals were determined. Following sonication in the region of these intensities, ...
Kruth Howard S - - 2005
Previously, we reported that fluid-phase endocytosis of native LDL by PMA-activated human monocytederived macrophages converted these macrophages into cholesterol-enriched foam cells (Kruth, H. S., Huang, W., Ishii, I., and Zhang, W. Y. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 34573-34580). Uptake of fluid by cells can occur either by micropinocytosis within vesicles ...
Sinha A K - - 2004
A murine model was used to evaluate the role of anti-CD3 in modulating a Th1-type response by restimulation of T-cells after immunization with the 57 kDa immunodominant antigen of Shigella dysenteriae 1 outer-membrane proteins (OMPs), followed by Shigella infection after immunization. To observe the effect of anti-CD3, other T-cell cultures ...
Dove Dwayne E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) converts intracellular free cholesterol (FC) into cholesteryl esters (CE) for storage in lipid droplets. Recent studies in our laboratory have shown that the deletion of the macrophage ACAT1 gene results in apoptosis and increased atherosclerotic lesion area in the aortas of hyperlipidemic mice. The ...
Yang Li V - - 2005
G2A is a G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) involved in immune regulation. Previous studies have shown that lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), a bioactive lipid associated with atherosclerosis and autoimmunity, acts through G2A to induce diverse biologic effects. Production of LPC during cell apoptosis serves as a chemotactic signal for macrophage recruitment. Here we demonstrate ...
Rydberg Ellen Knutsen - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Macrophage-mediated oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) by enzymes, such as the lipoxygenases, is considered of major importance for the formation of oxidized LDL during atherogenesis. Macrophages have been identified in hypoxic areas in atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate the role of hypoxia in macrophage-mediated LDL oxidation, we ...
Loike J D - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: An inflammatory response to altered lipoproteins that accumulate in the arterial wall is a major component of the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Statins reduce plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and are effective treatments for atherosclerosis. It is hypothesized that they also modulate inflammation. The aim of this study was ...
Kondomerkos Dimitrios J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Macrophages that uptake modified lipoproteins are activated and may initially behave as endotoxin-stimulated macrophages. This study was undertaken in order to determine whether signal transduction pathways controlling endotoxin-mediated activation may also influence the lipoprotein-mediated activation of macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rat peritoneal macrophages were incubated for 16 hours with ...
Rouet-Benzineb Patricia - - 2004
Screening of 26 gut peptides for their ability to inhibit growth of human colon cancer HT29-D4 cells grown in 10% fetal calf serum identified orexin-A and orexin-B as anti-growth factors. Upon addition of either orexin (1 microM), suppression of cell growth was total after 24 h and >70% after 48 ...
Matsui Yutaka - - 2004
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine that plays a critical role in the regulation of macrophage effector functions and T-cell activation. However, its role in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) has remained unresolved. In this study, we studied the role of the MIF in EAM. We ...
Fuhrman Bianca - - 2004
Macrophage activation is associated with the production and release of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are capable of mediating oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL). In the present study we questioned whether cellular capacity to oxidize LDL increases during in vivo monocyte/macrophage maturation. We developed a novel model for macrophage ...
Meyer-Siegler Katherine L - - 2004
The importance of various inflammatory cytokines in maintaining tumor cell growth and viability is well established. Increased expression of the proinflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has previously been associated with various types of adenocarcinoma. MIF IHC was used to localize MIF in human bladder tissue. ELISA and Western ...
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