Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 740
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Dimayuga Paul C - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is a disease associated with aging and is subject to modulation by both the innate and adaptive immune system. The time course of age-dependent changes in immune regulation in the context of atherosclerosis has not been characterized. This study aims to describe alteration of the immune responses to oxidized ...
Saad Antonio F - - 2006
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) is immunogenic and induces autoimmune responses in humans. OxLDL antibodies are predominantly of the proinflammatory IgG1 and IgG3 isotypes. We tested the capacity of immune complexes prepared with copper-oxidized human LDL and affinity chromatography-purified human OxLDL antibodies [OxLDL-immune complexes (ICs)] to activate complement and to ...
Lei Xin-jun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of voltage-dependent potassium channel 1.3 (Kv1.3) mRNA and protein during human monocyte-derived macrophage differentiation into foam cells and its function in foam cell formation. METHODS: Human peripheral blood monocytes were isolated from healthy male volunteers by density gradient centrifugation and then by adherent method. The ...
Shi Yi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an emerging cardiovascular risk marker. To explore the biologic role of Lp-PLA2 in atherosclerosis, we examined its expression and contribution to leukocyte activation under proatherogenic conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Following the induction of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia in a porcine model, a rapid increase in ...
Rosenblat Mira - - 2006
We have previously shown that paraoxonase 1 action on macrophages produced lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and significantly decreased cell-mediated LDL oxidation. Thus, in the present study, we questioned whether LPC can directly inhibit macrophage-mediated oxidation of LDL. Addition of increasing LPC concentrations (0-5 microM) to J774A.1 macrophages, mouse peritoneal macrophages (MPM), or ...
Zhao Bin - - 2006
Recently, we have shown that macrophage uptake of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and cholesterol accumulation can occur by nonreceptor mediated fluid-phase macropinocytosis when macrophages are differentiated from human monocytes in human serum and the macrophages are activated by stimulation of protein kinase C (Kruth, H. S., Jones, N. L., Huang, ...
Cao Chunzhang - - 2006
Migration of activated macrophages is essential for resolution of acute inflammation and the initiation of adaptive immunity. Here, we show that efficient macrophage migration in inflammatory environment depends on Mac-1 recognition of a binary complex consisting of fibrin within the provisional matrix and the protease tPA (tissue-type plasminogen activator). Subsequent ...
Benítez Sònia - - 2006
Electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL(-)) is a modified subfraction of LDL present in plasma able to induce the release of interleukin 8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). To ascertain whether further inflammation mediator release could be induced by LDL(-), a protein array ...
Lei Xin-Jun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of MaxiK channel alpha-subunit during human monocyte-derived macrophages differentiating into foam cells. METHODS: Human peripheral blood monocytes were isolated from male healthy volunteers by density gradient centrifugation, which, by culture, differentiated further into macrophages as a homogeneous monocyte population. The foam cell model originated from ...
Gorczynski R M - - 2006
Previous reports from our group have established that the fetal ovine gamma globin chain (Hbgamma) and LPS can synergize in the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, especially TNFalpha, from mouse and human leukocytes. A fetal sheep liver extract (FSLE) which was observed to have marked immunoregulatory properties in vivo and in ...
Yan Xiaocai - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multi-functional cytokine that is considered a pro-inflammatory cytokine. However, our studies show that MIF, when produced in super-physiological levels by a murine neuroblastoma cell line (Neuro-2a) exceeding those normally seen during an immune response, inhibits cytokine-, CD3-, and allo-induced T-cell activation. MIF is ...
Boullier Agnès - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Lipid-loaded macrophage-derived foam cells populate atherosclerotic lesions and produce many pro-inflammatory and plaque-destabilizing factors. An excessive accumulation of extensively oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) or free cholesterol (FC), both of which are believed to be major lipid components of macrophages in advanced lesions, rapidly induces apoptosis in macrophages. Indeed, there ...
Hammad Samar M - - 2006
The transformation of macrophages into foam cells is a critical event in the development of atherosclerosis. The most studied aspect of this process is the uptake of modified LDL through the scavenger receptors. Another salient aspect is the effect of modified LDL immune complexes on macrophages activation and foam cell ...
Miyoshi Toru - - 2006
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has numerous atherogenic properties, including induction of inflammatory genes, and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) are involved in the development of atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined whether variations of VSMC in the capacity to oxidize LDL or in response to minimally modified LDL (MM-LDL) constitute ...
Powell, Nicole Damico
Immunomodulatory therapies have been successful in MS and EAE. To determine a possible immunomodulatory target at the level of the T cell receptor/antigen/MHC interaction, the activation parameters of autoreactive T cells were assessed by differential stimulation of spleen cells from Va4/Vb8.2 TCR transgenic mice with MBP or the immunodominant epitope ...
Huang, Haibin
Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Anaplasma platys are obligatory intracellular Gram-negative bacteria belong to the family Anaplasmataceae. E. chaffeensis had lost lipopolysaccharide and peptidoglycan which are pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) but kept other PAMPs, such as lipoproteins. In my dissertation research, using the specific inhibitor in lipoprotein processing, I showed ...
Nilsson, Jan
Oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the arterial wall is believed to be one of the most important mechanisms involved in the development of atherosclerosis. It is well established that oxidized (Ox)-LDL uptake is responsible for the formation of macrophage foam cells, one of the most characteristic hallmarks of ...
Persson Jenny - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Macrophage foam cell formation is a prominent feature of human atherosclerotic plaques, usually considered to be correlated to uptake of and inflammatory response to oxidized low density lipoproteins (OxLDL). However, there are alternative pathways for formation of macrophage foam cells and the effect of such lipid loading on macrophage ...
Santos Leilani L - - 2006
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a debilitating disease of unknown etiology. Although the pathogenesis of RA is multifactorial, the contribution of cytokines is undoubtedly pivotal in the progression of the inflammatory process. One cytokine gaining recognition for its importance in inflammation is macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF). Initially described as a ...
Burger-Kentischer Anke - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory response of the arterial wall to "injury", which is prominently driven by cytokines. The inflammatory mediator macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a unique cytokine that was recently associated with atherogenesis. Here, we have investigated whether MIF has a role in spontaneous atherosclerosis by studying apolipoprotein ...
Larson Douglas F - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and immune cells in response to surgical stress, injury, and sepsis. This cytokine appears to be a critical regulator of the inflammatory pathways, leading to systemic inflammatory response syndrome and subsequent multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. ...
Kzhyshkowska Julia - - 2006
Mammalian Glyco_18-domain-containing proteins include catalytically active chitinases and chitinase-like proteins with cytokine activity involved in host defense and Th2-type inflammatory reactions. Here, we describe a novel human Glyco_18-domain-containing protein, SI-CLP, as an interacting partner of the endocytic/sorting receptor stabilin-1. Similarly to the chitinase-like cytokines YKL-39, YKL-40, and YM1/2, SI-CLP lacks ...
Lim William C T - - 2006
Many studies on atherosclerosis have indicated an association with Chlamydophila pneumoniae, a respiratory intracellular pathogen that can infect bronchoalveolar macrophages, and be transported to sites of vascular injury. Furthermore, the connection between low density lipoprotein (LDL), macrophages, foam cell formation, and atherosclerosis is well established. Five study models were designed ...
Roger Thierry - - 2005
The pro-inflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) acts as a physiological counter-regulator of the immuno-suppressive effects of glucocorticoids. However, the mechanisms whereby MIF exerts its counter-balancing effect remain largely unknown. Here we report that MAPK phosphatase 1 (MKP-1), an archetypal member of dual specificity phosphatase that inactivates MAPK activity ...
Van Molle Wim - - 2005
The very powerful anti-inflammatory properties of glucocorticoids (GC) have enabled researchers to use them to treat a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The potential of GC lies in their ability to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators by gene repression as well as by gene induction. Paradoxically, ...
Renner Pascal - - 2005
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a constitutive element of the host antimicrobial defenses and stress response that promotes proinflammatory function of the innate and acquired immune systems. MIF plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic inflammatory or autoimmune disorders, such as sepsis, acute ...
Yao Kangshen - - 2005
Hypoxia contributes to cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiation resistance and may play a role in the efficacy of antiangiogenesis cancer therapy. We have generated a series of cell lines derived from the colon adenocarcinoma models HT29 and HCT116 by exposing cells in vitro to repeated sublethal periods of profound hypoxia. These ...
Schaefer Todd M - - 2005
PROBLEM: Uterine epithelial cells produce cytokines that stimulate leukocytes in response to a microbial insult. The goals of this study were to determine if uterine epithelial cells produce the pro-inflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), and to see if toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists stimulate MIF secretion. METHODS OF STUDY: ...
Bimal S - - 2005
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) commonly known as Kala-azar in India is one of the several clinically important infections, where Th1 sub-population of CD4+ T-cells, despite a pre-requisite, fails to express macrophage migration inhibition factor (MIF) and interferon-gamma which both activate the macrophage and coordinate the immune response to intra-cellular Leishmania sp. ...
Pollak N - - 2005
Nosocomial infections in immune-suppressed patients are a widespread problem in intensive care medicine. Such patients are highly susceptible to infections because their immune defenses are impaired and, therefore, unable to adequately combat invading microorganisms. To investigate the problem of sepsis-induced immune suppression, we used a model in which mice developed ...
Anahara Reiko - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multifunctional protein that acts as a pro-inflammatory cytokine, pituitary hormone, immunoregulator and mitogen. The MIF gene knockout (MIFKO) mouse has been used to study the MIF response in many tissues, such as with skin injury and spinal cord injury; however, there is little ...
Scholz Hanne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have demonstrated the ability of oxidized LDL [(ox)LDL] to promote an inflammatory response in macrophages. Several inflammatory mediators have been reported to increase after oxLDL stimulation of such cells, but their relative importance is still unknown. In the present study, we used microarrays to identify genes in ...
Schmitt-Grohé Sabina - - 2005
According to the endotoxin lipoprotein hypothesis, lipoproteins may down-regulate cytokine production by neutralizing lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding protein (LBP) complexes. We investigated the correlation between lipoproteins, LBP, cytokine production, and clinical status in Delta F 508 (homozygous) individuals. Cystic fibrosis patients with mild disease were compared with those with more severe ...
Schrans-Stassen B H G J - - 2005
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a well known proinflammatory factor that influences the migration and proliferation of various cell types, predominantly monocytes and macrophages. Recent evidence suggests an important role for MIF in the progression of atherosclerosis and restenosis. For this reason, we studied the effect of MIF on ...
Dersch K - - 2005
Enzymatic modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) as it probably occurs in the arterial intima drastically increases its cytotoxicity, which could be relevant for the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. LDL was treated with a protease and cholesterylesterase to generate a derivative similar to lesional LDL, with a high content of free ...
Boyanovsky Boris B - - 2005
Accumulating evidence indicates that secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) enzymes promote atherogenic processes. We have previously showed the presence of Group V sPLA2 (GV sPLA2) in human and mouse atherosclerotic lesions, its hydrolysis of low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles, and the ability of GV sPLA2-modified LDL (GV-LDL) to induce macrophage foam ...
Svensson Per-Arne - - 2006
Lipid accumulation and inflammation are key hallmarks of the atherosclerotic plaque and macrophage uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is believed to drive these processes. Initial experiments show that supernatants from oxLDL treated macrophages could induce IL-1beta production in naïve macrophages. To search for potential paracrine mediators that could mediate ...
Yaraei Kambiz - - 2005
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common respiratory pathogen that is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanisms by which C. pneumoniae contributes to cardiovascular disease have not been determined yet. C. pneumoniae infection may accelerate the death of cells within atherosclerotic lesions and contribute to the formation ...
Morand E F - - 2005
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) participates in fundamental events in innate and adaptive immunity. The profile of activities of MIF in vivo and in vitro is strongly suggestive of a role for MIF in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and hence antagonism of ...
Oddo Mauro - - 2005
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a key mediator of the innate immune system and plays a crucial role in the host response to bacterial infections. Its role in immunity to intracellular pathogens has not been well studied. Here, we show that MIF released by infected human macrophages inhibits the ...
Zhang Hai-Ying - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has emerged to be a pivotal cytokine in immune-mediated diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To investigate the role of MIF in chronic hepatitis B infection, we studied two groups of hepatitis B surface antigen positive patients: group 1 (immune tolerant, n = 16) and group ...
Ren Y - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and its downstream cytokine cascade in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS AND RESULTS: The expression of MIF mRNA and protein in NEC guts was assayed by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Concentrations of MIF, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in ...
Baez Juan M - - 2005
Macrophages are the predominant cellular component of atherosclerotic lesions, where they scavenge oxidatively modified lipoproteins while defending themselves against cholesterol-induced cytotoxicity by adaptive mechanisms that depend in part on the synthesis, distribution and efflux of phosphatidylcholines. PC-TP (phosphatidylcholine transfer protein) is a START (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein-related lipid transfer) domain ...
Chagnon Frederic - - 2005
The pathophysiology of sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction still remains controversial. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has recently been identified as a cardiac-derived myocardial depressant factor in septic shock. Putative mechanisms by which MIF affects cardiac function are unknown. In an investigation of possible mechanisms of action, a rat model of endotoxin ...
Hedger Mark - - 2005
Leydig cells have been implicated in several inflammation-related responses of the testis. Specifically, these cells produce the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6, stimulate macrophage recruitment, and promote interstitial fluid formation. In addition, the immunoregulatory cytokines macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFbeta1), and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) are constitutively ...
Rader Daniel J - - 2005
Atherogenesis requires and is highly influenced by the interaction between lipoproteins and macrophages. Most of the focus to date has been on the ability of atherogenic lipoproteins (such as low-density lipoproteins, LDL) to promote and of anti-atherogenic lipoproteins (such as high-density lipoproteins, HDL) to prevent the development of the cholesteryl ...
Cvetkovic Ivana - - 2005
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays a pivotal role in several immunoinflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In this study we examined the role of MIF in the development of immunoinflammatory diabetes induced in susceptible strains of mice by multiple low doses of streptozotocin. We found that ...
Asmis Reto - - 2005
Oxidative modifications render low density lipoprotein cytotoxic and enhance its propensity to aggregate and fuse into particles similar to those found in atherosclerotic lesions. We showed previously that aggregation of oxidized LDL (OxLDL) promotes the transformation of human macrophages into lipid-laden foam cells (Asmis, R., and J. Jelk. 2000. Large ...
Lindholm Marie Wickström - - 2005
Lipoprotein trapping in arterial intima increases the risk for lipoprotein oxidation, foam cell formation, and inflammatory response in surrounding cells. Modified lipoproteins increase smooth muscle cell production of proteoglycans likely to retain lipoproteins in intimal extracellular matrix. We hypothesized that macrophage proteoglycan production is regulated in a similar manner, and ...
Hui David Y - - 2005
Over the years, the vascular protective role of apolipoprotein (apo) E has been attributed to the ability of apoE to induce cholesterol efflux from macrophage foam cells and its transport of extrahepatic cholesterol to the liver for excretion out of the body. Recently, apoE has been shown to protect against ...
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