Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 759
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Qiu Guosong - - 2007
LPL and endothelial lipase (EL) are associated with macrophages in human atherosclerotic lesions, and overexpression of LPL in mouse macrophages is associated with a greater extent of atherosclerosis. To investigate potential mechanisms by which macrophage-derived lipase expression may mediate proatherogenic effects, we used lentivirus-mediated RNA interference to suppress the expression ...
Wheelhouse Nicholas M - - 2006
Macrophage inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pituitary peptide released during the physiological stress response, a T-cell product secreted during the antigen-specific response and a pro-inflammatory macrophage cytokine secreted after LPS stimulation. It has become apparent that MIF is central to the regulation of the inflammatory response and is implicated in ...
Toh Myew-Ling - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has a key role in regulation of innate and adaptive immunity and is implicated in sepsis, tumorigenesis, and autoimmune disease. MIF deficiency or immunoneutralization leads to protection against fatal endotoxic, exotoxic, and infective shock, and anti-inflammatory effects in other experimental models of inflammatory disease. We ...
Popa Calin - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is clearly associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease severity. However, the regulation of MIF during the course of RA has not been subjected to similar scientific scrutiny. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of various Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and inflammatory mediators ...
Umemiya Rika - - 2007
The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been identified from some vertebrates and invertebrates. MIF is related to inflammation, tumor growth, and angiogenesis in vertebrates. Here, we report the molecular characterization of a homologue of MIF from partially fed Haemaphysalis longicornis. The sequence analysis of the H. longicornis MIF (HlMIF) ...
Hakala Jukka K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Modified lipoproteins induce inflammatory reactions in the atherosclerotic arterial wall. We have previously found that macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions secrete lysosomal hydrolases that can modify low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) in vitro to generate "hydrolase-modified LDL" (H-LDL). Here, we studied whether H-LDL exerts inflammatory effects on cultured human macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Harris Lynda K - - 2006
Apoptosis of macrophages and smooth muscle cells is observed in atherosclerotic lesions and may play an important role in the disease progression. Oxidised low density lipoprotein (LDL) is cytotoxic and induces apoptosis in a variety of cell types. We reported previously that ascorbate protects arterial smooth muscle cells from apoptosis ...
Yamashita Tomoya - - 2006
Maternal hypercholesterolemia during pregnancy increases offspring susceptibility to atherosclerosis by an oxidation-dependent mechanism. The present studies investigated whether maternal immunization with oxidized LDL (OxLDL) before pregnancy protects the fetus from atherogenic in utero programming by maternal hypercholesterolemia. Maternal immunization of NZW rabbits and LDL receptor-deficient mice indeed reduced atherosclerosis in ...
Pennings Marieke - - 2006
Foam cell formation due to excessive accumulation of cholesterol by macrophages is a pathological hallmark of atherosclerosis. Macrophages cannot limit the uptake of cholesterol and therefore depend on cholesterol efflux pathways for preventing their transformation into foam cells. Several ABC-transporters, including ABCA1 and ABCG1, facilitate the efflux of cholesterol from ...
Kudrin Alex - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory mediator with the ability to induce various immunomodulatory responses and override glucocorticoid-driven immunosuppression. Some of these functions have been linked to the unusual enzymatic properties of the protein, namely tautomerase and oxidoreductase activities. However, there are conflicting reports regarding the functional role ...
Gerlic Motti - - 2007
Mycoplasma have been shown to be involved in the alteration of several eukaryotic cell functions, such as cytokine production, gene expression and more. We have previously reported that infection of human myelomonocytic U937 cell line with live Mycoplasma fermentans (M. fermentans) inhibited tumour necrosis factor (TNF-alpha)-induced apoptosis. Mycoplasmal membrane lipoproteins ...
Larigauderie Guilhem - - 2006
Lipid accumulation alters macrophage biology and contributes to lipid retention within the vessel wall. In this study, we investigated the role of adipophilin on triglyceride accumulation and lipid-droplet formation in THP-1-derived macrophages (THP-1 macrophages). In the presence of acetylated low-density lipoprotein, macrophages infected with an adenovirus expressing human adipophilin showed ...
Lindholm Marie W - - 2007
Statin treatment inhibits oxidized lipoprotein-induced intracellular lipid accumulation (foam cell formation) and reduces plasma levels of inflammatory markers such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). The aim of the present study was to determine if simvastatin affected lipid accumulation in macrophages incubated with aggregated low density lipoproteins (AgLDL) and whether simvastatin had a ...
Daryadel Arezoo - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important cytokine involved in the regulation of innate immunity and present at increased levels during inflammatory responses. Here we demonstrate that mature blood and tissue neutrophils constitutively express MIF as a cytosolic protein not associated with azurophil granules. Functionally active MIF, but not ...
Voisin Thierry - - 2006
Orexin-A and orexin-B are regulatory peptides involved in the control of feeding, sleep-wakefulness, and exerting various endocrine and metabolic actions. Recently we demonstrated that orexins, acting at OX(1) receptor (OX(1)R), are proapoptotic peptides. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the receptor subtype OX(2)R in the ...
Groeneweg Mathijs - - 2006
Uptake of modified lipoproteins by macrophages results in the formation of foam cells. We investigated how foam cell formation affects the inflammatory response of macrophages. Murine bone marrow-derived macrophages were treated with oxidized LDL (oxLDL) to induce foam cell formation. Subsequently, the foam cells were activated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and ...
Cvetkovic Ivana - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. As such, it is an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of these disorders. Several groups of possible MIF inhibitors have so far been identified, including anti-MIF ...
Negre-Salvayre Anne - - 2006
Beside their key role in the regulation of cholesterol homeostasis, HDL exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that participate to their general antiatherogenic effect. The purpose of this review is to summarize the recent findings on antioxidant activity and cytoprotective cell signalling elicited by HDL against oxidized LDL and proatherogenic agents ...
Baugh John A - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a well-described pro-inflammatory mediator that has also been implicated in the process of oncogenic transformation and tumor progression. However, despite the compelling evidence that MIF is overexpressed in, and contributes to, the pathology of inflammatory and malignant diseases the mechanisms that contribute to exaggerated ...
Dimayuga Paul C - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is a disease associated with aging and is subject to modulation by both the innate and adaptive immune system. The time course of age-dependent changes in immune regulation in the context of atherosclerosis has not been characterized. This study aims to describe alteration of the immune responses to oxidized ...
Saad Antonio F - - 2006
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) is immunogenic and induces autoimmune responses in humans. OxLDL antibodies are predominantly of the proinflammatory IgG1 and IgG3 isotypes. We tested the capacity of immune complexes prepared with copper-oxidized human LDL and affinity chromatography-purified human OxLDL antibodies [OxLDL-immune complexes (ICs)] to activate complement and to ...
Lei Xin-jun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of voltage-dependent potassium channel 1.3 (Kv1.3) mRNA and protein during human monocyte-derived macrophage differentiation into foam cells and its function in foam cell formation. METHODS: Human peripheral blood monocytes were isolated from healthy male volunteers by density gradient centrifugation and then by adherent method. The ...
Shi Yi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an emerging cardiovascular risk marker. To explore the biologic role of Lp-PLA2 in atherosclerosis, we examined its expression and contribution to leukocyte activation under proatherogenic conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Following the induction of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia in a porcine model, a rapid increase in ...
Rosenblat Mira - - 2006
We have previously shown that paraoxonase 1 action on macrophages produced lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and significantly decreased cell-mediated LDL oxidation. Thus, in the present study, we questioned whether LPC can directly inhibit macrophage-mediated oxidation of LDL. Addition of increasing LPC concentrations (0-5 microM) to J774A.1 macrophages, mouse peritoneal macrophages (MPM), or ...
Zhao Bin - - 2006
Recently, we have shown that macrophage uptake of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and cholesterol accumulation can occur by nonreceptor mediated fluid-phase macropinocytosis when macrophages are differentiated from human monocytes in human serum and the macrophages are activated by stimulation of protein kinase C (Kruth, H. S., Jones, N. L., Huang, ...
Cao Chunzhang - - 2006
Migration of activated macrophages is essential for resolution of acute inflammation and the initiation of adaptive immunity. Here, we show that efficient macrophage migration in inflammatory environment depends on Mac-1 recognition of a binary complex consisting of fibrin within the provisional matrix and the protease tPA (tissue-type plasminogen activator). Subsequent ...
Benítez Sònia - - 2006
Electronegative low-density lipoprotein (LDL(-)) is a modified subfraction of LDL present in plasma able to induce the release of interleukin 8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). To ascertain whether further inflammation mediator release could be induced by LDL(-), a protein array ...
Lei Xin-Jun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of MaxiK channel alpha-subunit during human monocyte-derived macrophages differentiating into foam cells. METHODS: Human peripheral blood monocytes were isolated from male healthy volunteers by density gradient centrifugation, which, by culture, differentiated further into macrophages as a homogeneous monocyte population. The foam cell model originated from ...
Gorczynski R M - - 2006
Previous reports from our group have established that the fetal ovine gamma globin chain (Hbgamma) and LPS can synergize in the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, especially TNFalpha, from mouse and human leukocytes. A fetal sheep liver extract (FSLE) which was observed to have marked immunoregulatory properties in vivo and in ...
Yan Xiaocai X Department of Pediatrics, Section of Hematology-Oncology, MFRC 6011, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multi-functional cytokine that is considered a pro-inflammatory cytokine. However, our studies show that MIF, when produced in super-physiological levels by a murine neuroblastoma cell line (Neuro-2a) exceeding those normally seen during an immune response, inhibits cytokine-, CD3-, and allo-induced T-cell activation. MIF is ...
Boullier Agnès - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Lipid-loaded macrophage-derived foam cells populate atherosclerotic lesions and produce many pro-inflammatory and plaque-destabilizing factors. An excessive accumulation of extensively oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) or free cholesterol (FC), both of which are believed to be major lipid components of macrophages in advanced lesions, rapidly induces apoptosis in macrophages. Indeed, there ...
Hammad Samar M - - 2006
The transformation of macrophages into foam cells is a critical event in the development of atherosclerosis. The most studied aspect of this process is the uptake of modified LDL through the scavenger receptors. Another salient aspect is the effect of modified LDL immune complexes on macrophages activation and foam cell ...
Miyoshi Toru - - 2006
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has numerous atherogenic properties, including induction of inflammatory genes, and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) are involved in the development of atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined whether variations of VSMC in the capacity to oxidize LDL or in response to minimally modified LDL (MM-LDL) constitute ...
Powell, Nicole Damico
Immunomodulatory therapies have been successful in MS and EAE. To determine a possible immunomodulatory target at the level of the T cell receptor/antigen/MHC interaction, the activation parameters of autoreactive T cells were assessed by differential stimulation of spleen cells from Va4/Vb8.2 TCR transgenic mice with MBP or the immunodominant epitope ...
Huang, Haibin
Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Anaplasma platys are obligatory intracellular Gram-negative bacteria belong to the family Anaplasmataceae. E. chaffeensis had lost lipopolysaccharide and peptidoglycan which are pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) but kept other PAMPs, such as lipoproteins. In my dissertation research, using the specific inhibitor in lipoprotein processing, I showed ...
Nilsson, Jan
Oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the arterial wall is believed to be one of the most important mechanisms involved in the development of atherosclerosis. It is well established that oxidized (Ox)-LDL uptake is responsible for the formation of macrophage foam cells, one of the most characteristic hallmarks of ...
Persson Jenny - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Macrophage foam cell formation is a prominent feature of human atherosclerotic plaques, usually considered to be correlated to uptake of and inflammatory response to oxidized low density lipoproteins (OxLDL). However, there are alternative pathways for formation of macrophage foam cells and the effect of such lipid loading on macrophage ...
Santos Leilani L - - 2006
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a debilitating disease of unknown etiology. Although the pathogenesis of RA is multifactorial, the contribution of cytokines is undoubtedly pivotal in the progression of the inflammatory process. One cytokine gaining recognition for its importance in inflammation is macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF). Initially described as a ...
Burger-Kentischer Anke - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory response of the arterial wall to "injury", which is prominently driven by cytokines. The inflammatory mediator macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a unique cytokine that was recently associated with atherogenesis. Here, we have investigated whether MIF has a role in spontaneous atherosclerosis by studying apolipoprotein ...
Larson Douglas F - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and immune cells in response to surgical stress, injury, and sepsis. This cytokine appears to be a critical regulator of the inflammatory pathways, leading to systemic inflammatory response syndrome and subsequent multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. ...
Kzhyshkowska Julia - - 2006
Mammalian Glyco_18-domain-containing proteins include catalytically active chitinases and chitinase-like proteins with cytokine activity involved in host defense and Th2-type inflammatory reactions. Here, we describe a novel human Glyco_18-domain-containing protein, SI-CLP, as an interacting partner of the endocytic/sorting receptor stabilin-1. Similarly to the chitinase-like cytokines YKL-39, YKL-40, and YM1/2, SI-CLP lacks ...
Lim William C T - - 2006
Many studies on atherosclerosis have indicated an association with Chlamydophila pneumoniae, a respiratory intracellular pathogen that can infect bronchoalveolar macrophages, and be transported to sites of vascular injury. Furthermore, the connection between low density lipoprotein (LDL), macrophages, foam cell formation, and atherosclerosis is well established. Five study models were designed ...
Roger Thierry - - 2005
The pro-inflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) acts as a physiological counter-regulator of the immuno-suppressive effects of glucocorticoids. However, the mechanisms whereby MIF exerts its counter-balancing effect remain largely unknown. Here we report that MAPK phosphatase 1 (MKP-1), an archetypal member of dual specificity phosphatase that inactivates MAPK activity ...
Van Molle Wim - - 2005
The very powerful anti-inflammatory properties of glucocorticoids (GC) have enabled researchers to use them to treat a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The potential of GC lies in their ability to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators by gene repression as well as by gene induction. Paradoxically, ...
Renner Pascal - - 2005
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a constitutive element of the host antimicrobial defenses and stress response that promotes proinflammatory function of the innate and acquired immune systems. MIF plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic inflammatory or autoimmune disorders, such as sepsis, acute ...
Yao Kangshen - - 2005
Hypoxia contributes to cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiation resistance and may play a role in the efficacy of antiangiogenesis cancer therapy. We have generated a series of cell lines derived from the colon adenocarcinoma models HT29 and HCT116 by exposing cells in vitro to repeated sublethal periods of profound hypoxia. These ...
Schaefer Todd M - - 2005
PROBLEM: Uterine epithelial cells produce cytokines that stimulate leukocytes in response to a microbial insult. The goals of this study were to determine if uterine epithelial cells produce the pro-inflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), and to see if toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists stimulate MIF secretion. METHODS OF STUDY: ...
Bimal S - - 2005
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) commonly known as Kala-azar in India is one of the several clinically important infections, where Th1 sub-population of CD4+ T-cells, despite a pre-requisite, fails to express macrophage migration inhibition factor (MIF) and interferon-gamma which both activate the macrophage and coordinate the immune response to intra-cellular Leishmania sp. ...
Pollak N - - 2005
Nosocomial infections in immune-suppressed patients are a widespread problem in intensive care medicine. Such patients are highly susceptible to infections because their immune defenses are impaired and, therefore, unable to adequately combat invading microorganisms. To investigate the problem of sepsis-induced immune suppression, we used a model in which mice developed ...
Anahara Reiko - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multifunctional protein that acts as a pro-inflammatory cytokine, pituitary hormone, immunoregulator and mitogen. The MIF gene knockout (MIFKO) mouse has been used to study the MIF response in many tissues, such as with skin injury and spinal cord injury; however, there is little ...
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