Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 747
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Gore Yael - - 2008
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an upstream activator of innate immunity that regulates subsequent adaptive responses. It was previously shown that in macrophages, MIF binds to a complex of CD74 and CD44, resulting in initiation of a signaling pathway. In the current study, we investigated the role of MIF ...
Elliott David A - - 2008
Apolipoprotein-E (apoE) expression may be associated with apoptosis resistance. Since macrophages constitutively synthesize apoE we speculated that this may contribute to apoptosis resistance. Using siRNA, human monocyte derived macrophage (hMDM) apoE mRNA and protein was reduced by 97% and 61%, respectively. ApoE knockdown increased staurosporine-induced caspase-3 activation by 78% without ...
Inoue Nobutaka - - 2007
Well-known coronary risk factors such as hyperlipidemia, hypertension, smoking, and diabetes are reported to induce the oxidative stress. Under the oxidative stress, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is oxidatively modified in the vasculature, and formed oxidized LDL induces endothelial dysfunction, expression of adhesion molecules and apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells. It ...
Out Ruud - - 2008
The concept that macrophages can become foam cells as a result of a disturbed balance between the uptake of cholesterol from lipoproteins and cholesterol efflux is generally accepted. ABCA1 and ABCG1 are two cholesterol transporters that may act sequentially to remove cellular cholesterol, but currently their combined role in vivo ...
Maurer Kirk J KJ Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2007
The formation of cholesterol gallstones is a complex process involving contributions from genes and environmental factors. Although gallbladder inflammation is believed to be common during cholelithogenesis, the role of immunologic factors is unknown. The role of adaptive immunity in cholesterol cholelithogenesis was analyzed utilizing immunocompetent Helicobacter spp.-infected and -uninfected BALB/c ...
Ramírez Javier A - - 2007
In a previous work our group showed that some synthetic stigmastanes may play a role in immune-mediated inflammation. In this paper we report the syntheses of a series of new steroidal compounds derived from dehydroepiandrosterone and stigmasterol, and the evaluation of their in vitro inhibitory activity of the TNF-alpha production ...
Sun Xiaocun - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of calcitriol on adipocyte and macrophage cytokine expression as well as release and on adipocyte-macrophage cross-talk in local modulation of inflammation. We investigated calcitriol modulation of the expression of macrophage inhibitory factor (MIF) and macrophage surface-specific protein CD14, two key ...
Hoi Alberta Y - - 2007
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a cytokine originally reported in the 1960s as the prototypic T lymphokine, has emerged in recent years as a key factor regulating inflammatory responses. Both by directly activating immune cells, and by participating in activation entrained by other stimuli, MIF is important in innate and ...
Tabata Takahiro - - 2007
Since accumulation and interaction of immune cells including T cells and monocytes/macrophages are involved in the processes of atherosclerosis, atherosclerosis is currently understood as an inflammatory disorder. Entrapment of extracellular matrices components such as hyaluronan by monocytes and macrophages, as well as uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) by these ...
Buono Chiara - - 2007
Liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-activated transcription factors involved in the control of lipid metabolism and inflammation. Several studies have recently shown that LXRs promote reverse cholesterol transport and inhibit atherosclerosis. Our study investigated whether LXRs affect macrophage uptake of LDL by human monocyte-derived macrophages. We have previously shown that ...
Fuhrman Bianca - - 2008
Monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation and LDL oxidation play a pivotal role in early atherogenesis. We thus questioned possible mechanisms for oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL)-induced monocyte-to-macrophage differentiation in vivo. Mouse peritoneal mononuclear cells, that were isolated 1, 2, or 3 days after Ox-LDL intraperitoneal injection, gradually exhibited the characteristic macrophage morphology, along with the ...
Khan Uniza W - - 2007
The present study in the wall lizard, Hemidactylus flaviviridis, was aimed to understand the role of histamine (HA) in the regulation of Leydig cell and testicular macrophage activities, for the first time, in ectothermic vertebrates. Although HA did not affect the testosterone production from unstimulated Leydig cells, it had dual ...
Radhika Achuthan - - 2007
Transendothelial migration of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and their subsequent interaction with the subendothelial matrix lead to their differentiation to macrophages (mphis). To study whether preexposure of monocytes in circulation to modified proteins influences their differentiation to mphis, an in vitro model system using isolated PBMC in culture was ...
Nowicki Marcin - - 2007
The oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-dependent activation of the lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) triggers apoptosis in vascular cells and appears to be involved in atherosclerosis. Autophagy might be an alternate to apoptosis in endothelial cells. The EA.hy926 endothelial cell line has been reported to undergo necrosis under oxLDL stimulation. For this ...
Wang Xinwen - - 2007
Clinical use of human immunodeficiency virus protease inhibitors such as ritonavir may be associated with cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to determine the effects and molecular mechanisms of ritonavir on cholesterol efflux from human macrophage-derived foam cells, which is a critical factor of atherogenesis. Human THP-1 monocytes ...
Cho Yoonsang Y Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, - - 2007
Hookworms, parasitic nematodes that infect nearly one billion people worldwide, are a major cause of anemia and malnutrition. We hypothesize that hookworms actively manipulate the host immune response through the production of specific molecules designed to facilitate infection by larval stages and adult worm survival within the intestine. A full-length ...
Sigruener Alexander - - 2007
Uptake of modified lipoproteins by macrophages causes foam cell formation and promotes atherosclerosis. Atherogenic lipoproteins are cytotoxic and induce cell death under certain conditions but may also enhance macrophage survival. Macrophages treated with enzymatically modified LDL (E-LDL) were subjected to GeneChip analysis and the antiapoptotic gene TOSO was found induced. ...
Botham K M - - 2007
The accumulation of foam cells in the artery wall causes fatty streaks, the first lesions in atherosclerosis. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) plays a major role in foam cell formation, although prior oxidation of the particles is required. Recent studies, however, have provided considerable evidence to indicate that CMRs (chylomicron remnants), which ...
Bravo E - - 2007
Although it is clear that chylomicron remnants are atherogenic, events leading to their internalization by macrophages are still debated. The lack of apoE (apolipoprotein E) in CRLPs (chylomicron remnant-like particles) reduces macrophage TAG (triacylglycerol) content by approx. 50%, suggesting that, as well as apoE-mediated endocytic uptake, apoE receptor-independent mechanisms are ...
Viganò Paola - - 2007
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pivotal regulator of the innate and adaptive immunity affecting the response and behavior of macrophages and lymphocytes. MIF is also implicated in other fundamental cellular processes including angiogenesis and cell proliferation. Several studies examined the expression of MIF in reproductive organs and tissues ...
Sato Koichi - - 2007
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated sphingosine 1-phosphate mediates a variety of lipoprotein-induced actions in vascular cell systems. However, it remains unknown whether extracellular S1P is associated with lipoproteins to exert biological actions in central nervous system. Human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) induced rat astrocyte migration in a manner sensitive to S1P receptor antagonist ...
Lo James C - - 2007
Hyperlipidemia, one of the most important risk factors for coronary heart disease, is often associated with inflammation. We identified lymphotoxin (LT) and LIGHT, tumor necrosis factor cytokine family members that are primarily expressed on lymphocytes, as critical regulators of key enzymes that control lipid metabolism. Dysregulation of LIGHT expression on ...
Magalhães Elizabeth S - - 2007
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is increased in asthmatic patients and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of asthma. We show here that mice lacking MIF failed to develop airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR), tissue eosinophilia, and mucus metaplasia. Analysis of the bronchoalveolar fluids revealed a substantial reduction of IL-13, eotaxin ...
Sakamoto Norihisa - - 2007
Recent studies have demonstrated that cell populations intended for therapeutic purposes that are cultured in heterologous animal products can acquire xenoantigens, potentially limiting their utility. In investigations of the immune response to murine embryonic stem cells, we found that a strong antibody response was generated after the second infusion. Both ...
Flaster Harry - - 2007
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) occupies a unique position in physiology by its ability to directly regulate the immunosuppressive actions of glucocorticoids. We review herein the interactions between MIF and glucocorticoids within the immune system and discuss the relevance of the MIF-glucocorticoid regulatory dyad in physiology and immunopathology. ...
Benítez Sònia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: LDL(-) is a minor LDL subfraction that induces inflammatory factor release by endothelial cells. Since LDL(-) is present in plasma, its interaction with leucocytes, a cell type involved in atherosclerosis phenomena, is feasible; therefore, the aim of the current study was to evaluate LDL(-) effect on lymphocytes and monocytes ...
Qiao Mu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Thiol oxidative stress leads to macrophage dysfunction and cell injury, and has been implicated in the development of atherosclerotic lesions. We investigated if strengthening the glutathione-dependent antioxidant system in macrophages by overexpressing glutathione reductase (GR) decreases the severity of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Bone marrow cells infected with retroviral ...
Fan Daping - - 2007
Human apoE is a multifunctional and polymorphic protein synthesized and secreted by liver, brain, and tissue macrophages. Here we show that apoE isoforms and mutants expressed through lentiviral transduction display cell-specific differences in secretion efficiency. Whereas apoE3, apoE4, and a natural mutant of apoE4 (apoE-Cys(142)) were efficiently secreted from macrophages, ...
Ma Jian-Li - - 2007
Lipid-laden foam cells were considered to be targets for therapeutic intervention in atherosclerosis. Several studies proposed new approaches to alter both lipid accumulation and inflammatory responses in macrophages. Finding anti-inflammatory signals during foam cell formation would provide new valid targets for anti-atherosclerotic treatment. The aim of the present study was ...
Wehinger Andreas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Lipolysis of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLPs) generates phospholipid-rich surface remnants and induces cytotoxic effects in adjacent vascular cells. We hypothesized that by integrating surface remnants into HDL, phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) alleviates cytotoxicity. METHODS AND RESULTS: To test this hypothesis and gain insight into cytotoxicity during the postprandial phase in ...
Ting Harold J - - 2007
High levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TGRLs) in blood are linked to development of atherosclerosis, yet the mechanisms by which these particles initiate inflammation of endothelium are unknown. TGRL isolated from human plasma during the postprandial state was examined for its capacity to bind to cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) ...
Sigrüner, Alexander
The ATP-binding cassette transporters A1 (ABCA1) and A7 (ABCA7) are inversely regulated under loading and deloading conditions and we were interested in protein/protein interactions of these transporters. The main topic was to identify, verify and characterize these interactions. In case of ABCA7, the yeast two-hybrid approach led to false positive ...
Duong, Quoc Chinh
Monocyte-derived macrophage gene regulation plays an important role not only in pathogenesis of atherosclerosis but also in many other inflammatory diseases, such as, cirrhosis, rheumatoid arthritis, glomerulosclerosis, pulmonary fibrosis and chronic pancreatitis. In addition, bioactive lipids as derivatives of lysophospholipids have been remarkably evidenced to contribute to many pathophysiological stages ...
Jirillo F - - 2007
In fish the gut immune system has been the subject of few investigations until now. Here, we provide novel morphological and immunological data on the gut isolated from rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri. The pyloric (P) and terminal (T) segments of trout gut, when morphologically examined, evidenced lymphocytes and macrophages (MØ) ...
Ansell Benjamin J - - 2007
The anti-inflammatory effects of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) are well documented and include inhibition of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation, reduction of inflammatory cytokines and vascular leukocyte adhesion molecules, and participation in innate immunity. However, certain conditions, including coronary disease, diabetes mellitus, systemic inflammation, and a diet high in saturated fat, are ...
Rudijanto Achmad - - 2007
The lesions of atherosclerosis represent a series of highly specific cellular and molecular responses. Low density lipoprotein (LDL), which may be modified by oxidation, glycation, aggregation, association with proteoglycans, or incorporation into immune complexes, is a major cause of injury to the endothelium and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC).The major ...
Lordan Sinéad - - 2007
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein contains many potentially proatherogenic molecules, including oxysterols, which have been shown to induce apoptosis in various cell lines. The aim of this study was to investigate the pathway of apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein and the oxysterols, 7beta-hydroxycholesterol and cholesterol-5beta,6beta-epoxide, in two human monocytic cell lines. ...
Gregory Julia L - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was originally identified for its ability to inhibit the random migration of macrophages in vitro. MIF is now recognized as an important mediator in a range of inflammatory disorders. We recently observed that the absence of MIF is associated with a reduction in leukocyte-endothelial cell ...
Qiu Guosong - - 2007
LPL and endothelial lipase (EL) are associated with macrophages in human atherosclerotic lesions, and overexpression of LPL in mouse macrophages is associated with a greater extent of atherosclerosis. To investigate potential mechanisms by which macrophage-derived lipase expression may mediate proatherogenic effects, we used lentivirus-mediated RNA interference to suppress the expression ...
Wheelhouse Nicholas M - - 2006
Macrophage inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pituitary peptide released during the physiological stress response, a T-cell product secreted during the antigen-specific response and a pro-inflammatory macrophage cytokine secreted after LPS stimulation. It has become apparent that MIF is central to the regulation of the inflammatory response and is implicated in ...
Toh Myew-Ling - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has a key role in regulation of innate and adaptive immunity and is implicated in sepsis, tumorigenesis, and autoimmune disease. MIF deficiency or immunoneutralization leads to protection against fatal endotoxic, exotoxic, and infective shock, and anti-inflammatory effects in other experimental models of inflammatory disease. We ...
Popa Calin - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is clearly associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease severity. However, the regulation of MIF during the course of RA has not been subjected to similar scientific scrutiny. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of various Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and inflammatory mediators ...
Umemiya Rika - - 2007
The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been identified from some vertebrates and invertebrates. MIF is related to inflammation, tumor growth, and angiogenesis in vertebrates. Here, we report the molecular characterization of a homologue of MIF from partially fed Haemaphysalis longicornis. The sequence analysis of the H. longicornis MIF (HlMIF) ...
Hakala Jukka K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Modified lipoproteins induce inflammatory reactions in the atherosclerotic arterial wall. We have previously found that macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions secrete lysosomal hydrolases that can modify low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) in vitro to generate "hydrolase-modified LDL" (H-LDL). Here, we studied whether H-LDL exerts inflammatory effects on cultured human macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Harris Lynda K - - 2006
Apoptosis of macrophages and smooth muscle cells is observed in atherosclerotic lesions and may play an important role in the disease progression. Oxidised low density lipoprotein (LDL) is cytotoxic and induces apoptosis in a variety of cell types. We reported previously that ascorbate protects arterial smooth muscle cells from apoptosis ...
Yamashita Tomoya - - 2006
Maternal hypercholesterolemia during pregnancy increases offspring susceptibility to atherosclerosis by an oxidation-dependent mechanism. The present studies investigated whether maternal immunization with oxidized LDL (OxLDL) before pregnancy protects the fetus from atherogenic in utero programming by maternal hypercholesterolemia. Maternal immunization of NZW rabbits and LDL receptor-deficient mice indeed reduced atherosclerosis in ...
Pennings Marieke - - 2006
Foam cell formation due to excessive accumulation of cholesterol by macrophages is a pathological hallmark of atherosclerosis. Macrophages cannot limit the uptake of cholesterol and therefore depend on cholesterol efflux pathways for preventing their transformation into foam cells. Several ABC-transporters, including ABCA1 and ABCG1, facilitate the efflux of cholesterol from ...
Kudrin Alex - - 2006
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory mediator with the ability to induce various immunomodulatory responses and override glucocorticoid-driven immunosuppression. Some of these functions have been linked to the unusual enzymatic properties of the protein, namely tautomerase and oxidoreductase activities. However, there are conflicting reports regarding the functional role ...
Gerlic Motti - - 2007
Mycoplasma have been shown to be involved in the alteration of several eukaryotic cell functions, such as cytokine production, gene expression and more. We have previously reported that infection of human myelomonocytic U937 cell line with live Mycoplasma fermentans (M. fermentans) inhibited tumour necrosis factor (TNF-alpha)-induced apoptosis. Mycoplasmal membrane lipoproteins ...
Larigauderie Guilhem - - 2006
Lipid accumulation alters macrophage biology and contributes to lipid retention within the vessel wall. In this study, we investigated the role of adipophilin on triglyceride accumulation and lipid-droplet formation in THP-1-derived macrophages (THP-1 macrophages). In the presence of acetylated low-density lipoprotein, macrophages infected with an adenovirus expressing human adipophilin showed ...
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