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Cancel Limary M LM Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of The City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA. - - 2010
We have previously shown that leaky junctions associated with dying or dividing cells are the dominant pathway for low density lipoprotein (LDL) transport under convective conditions, accounting for more than 90% of the transport [Cancel LM, Fitting A, Tarbell JM. In vitro study of LDL transport under pressurized (convective) conditions. ...
Leng Lin L Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an upstream activator of the immune response that counter-regulates the immunosuppressive effects of glucocorticoids. While MIF is released by cells in response to diverse microbial and invasive stimuli, evidence that glucocorticoids in low concentrations also induce MIF secretion suggests an additional regulatory relationship between ...
Silva Adriana R - - 2009
Lipid-laden foam macrophages are emerging as key players in early atherogenesis. Even though cytoplasmic lipid bodies (lipid droplets) are now recognized as organelles with cell functions beyond lipid storage, the mechanisms controlling lipid body biogenesis within macrophages and their additional functions in atherosclerosis are not completely elucidated. Here we studied ...
Etzion Yoram - - 2009
Macrophage-derived foam cells are thought to play a major role in atherosclerotic lesion formation and progression. An automated assay was established to evaluate the uptake of fluorescently labeled oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) by a monocyte/macrophage cell line. The assay was used to screen 480 known bioactive compounds. Twenty-two active compounds ...
Park Sang Kyun - - 2009
We have cloned the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF)-like protein (Anisakis simplex (As)-MIF) from larvae of the whale worm (Anisakis simplex third-stage larvae). Asthma was induced in the mice using OVA/alum, with or without various concentrations of rAs-MIF treatment before OVA/alum challenge. Treatment with rAs-MIF coupled with OVA/alum during the ...
Sadat Umar - - 2009
EVALUATION OF: Park YM, Febbraio M, Silverstein RL. CD36 modulates migration of mouse and human macrophages in response to oxidized LDL and may contribute to macrophage trapping in the arterial intima. J. Clin. Invest. 119, 136-145 (2009). Atherosclerosis is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease and the leading cause of death ...
Shetty R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The durability of bioprosthetic valves is limited by structural valve degeneration (SVD) leading to bioprostheses (BPs) stenosis or regurgitation. We hypothesized that a lipid-mediated inflammatory mechanism is involved in the SVD of BPs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen Freestyle stentless BP valves were explanted for SVD at a mean time ...
Kamiyama Masumi - - 2009
AIM: Equol is the main active product of daidzein metabolism, produced via specific microflora in the gut. This study aimed to clarify the effects of equol on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OX-LDL)-stimulated apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). METHODS: HUVECs were cultured in the presence of OX-LDL, and cell ...
Merk Melanie M Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a leaderless protein that is secreted from cells by a specialized, nonclassical export pathway. The release of MIF nevertheless is regulated and its production in response to different inflammatory, mitogenic, and hormonal stimuli plays an important role in diverse physiologic and pathologic processes. We ...
Vaziri Nosratola D - - 2009
Features of end-stage renal disease such as oxidative stress, inflammation, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. By inhibiting the formation and increasing the disposal of oxidized lipids, HDL exerts potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. Given that apolipoproteinA-1 can limit atherosclerosis, ...
Zheng Jiao - - 2009
We have investigated the inhibitory effect of triterpenoid saponins from the leaves of Ilex kudingcha C. J. Tseng on aggregated low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-induced lipid deposition in macrophages. A cell-based screening model was initially applied on aggregated LDL (aggLDL)-induced lipid deposition on macrophages to test the inhibitory effects of the 12 ...
Denz Axel - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the eighth most common cancer with the lowest overall 5-y relative survival rate. Gene expression profiling of PDAC revealed an overexpression of the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a lymphokine involved in cell-mediated immunity and inflammation, as well as in the regulation of cellular ...
Amit, Zunika
Plasma neopterin is an excellent marker of inflammation and is found in elevated levels in plasma of patients with cardiovascular disease. Neopterin originates as the oxidation product of 7,8-dihydroneopterin (7,8-NP), which is secreted by human macrophages when stimulated with interferon-y during inflammation. 7,8-NP has been shown to be a very ...
Buono Chiara - - 2009
The uptake of lipoproteins by macrophages is a critical step in the development of atherosclerotic lesions. Cultured monocyte-derived macrophages take up large amounts of native LDL by receptor-independent fluid-phase pinocytosis, either constitutively or in response to specific activating stimuli, depending on the macrophage phenotype. We therefore sought to determine whether ...
Schaeffer David F - - 2009
Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) promotes lipid accumulation as well as growth and survival signaling in macrophages. OxLDL uptake is mainly due to scavenger receptors SR-AI/II and CD36. However, other scavenger receptors such as lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) may also play a role. We used mice with targeted inactivation of the LOX-1 ...
Shang Yuan-yuan - - 2009
Tribble3 (TRB3), a mammalian homolog of Drosophila tribbles, slows cell-cycle progression, and its expression is increased in response to various stresses. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the TRB3 gene in macrophage apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). We found that, in human monocyte-derived ...
Noels Heidi - - 2009
In the recent years, atherogenesis has increasingly been linked to inflammatory processes in the injured vessel wall. Recruitment and arrest of monocytes, T cells, and neutrophils via the concerted actions of multiple chemokines and their chemokine receptors have been the subject of intense research and are being appreciated as key ...
Wong Benny L W - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an upstream regulator of immune and inflammatory responses; however, its role in Helicobacter pylori (HP)-associated gastritis remains unknown. We infected MIF knockout (KO) and wild-type mice with SS1 HP and found that 2 weeks after infection, MIF and its receptor CD74 were markedly up-regulated ...
Cooke Gordon - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor represents a key cytokine in human diseases. It plays an important role in both innate and acquired immunity and has been shown to be a key mediator of inflammatory diseases. More recently MIF has been implicated in cancer pathogenesis. Over the decades its structure and functions ...
Chi Xiumei - - 2009
To assess whether ascorbic acid decreases the cytotoxicity of oxidized human low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in cells involved in atherosclerosis, its interaction with oxLDL was studied in murine RAW264.7 macrophages. Macrophages took up ascorbate to millimolar intracellular concentrations and retained it with little loss over 18h in culture. Culture of ...
de Souza Juliana A - - 2010
Plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) protect endothelial cells against apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). The specific component(s) of HDLs implicated in such cytoprotection remain(s) to be identified. Human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) were incubated with mildly oxLDL in the presence or absence of each of five physicochemically distinct HDL ...
Thewke Douglas - - 2009
Oxysterol-induced macrophage apoptosis may have a role in atherosclerosis. Macrophages lacking the type 2 cannabinoid receptor (CB2) are partially resistant to apoptosis induced by 7-ketocholesterol (7KC). AM-251 and SR144528 are selective antagonists of CB1 and CB2 receptors, respectively. We observed that both compounds reduce 7KC-induced apoptosis in Raw 264.7 macrophages. ...
Paiva Claudia N - - 2009
Deposition of immune complexes (IC) triggers Fc gamma R-dependent inflammation, leading to tissue damage in rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematous, immune glomerulonephritis, and several immune vasculitides. Evidences support a role for macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in a number of inflammatory diseases, but the triggering of its secretion and its ...
Prieto-Lafuente Lidia L Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, University of Edinburgh, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a highly conserved cytokine considered to exert wide-ranging, proinflammatory effects on the immune system. Recently, members of this gene family have been discovered in a number of invertebrate species, including parasitic helminths. However, chronic helminth infections are typically associated with a Th2-dominated, counter-inflammatory phenotype, ...
Filip Ana-Maria - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders such as infection, sepsis, and autoimmune disease. MIF exists preformed in cytoplasmic pools and exhibits an intrinsic tautomerase and oxidoreductase activity. MIF levels are elevated in the serum of animals and ...
Geldhoff Madelijn - - 2009
Bacterial meningitis is a complex disorder in which injury is caused, in part, by the causative organism and, in part, by the host's own inflammatory response. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine and a neuro-endocrine mediator that might play a role in pneumococcal meningitis. Here, we discuss ...
Hovland Anders - - 2009
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis is well-established in selected patients with uncontrolled LDL levels. As such treatment affects biomarkers important in atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes, we systematically compared the inflammatory response induced by three LDL apheresis columns. Three patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia participated in a cross-over study with six ...
Frascaroli Giada - - 2009
Macrophages contribute to host defense and to the maintenance of immune homeostasis. Conversely, they are important targets of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a herpesvirus that has evolved many strategies to modulate the host immune response. Because an efficient macrophage trafficking is required for triggering an adequate immune response, we investigated the ...
Takahashi Koichiro - - 2009
MIF is a critical mediator of the host defense, and is involved in both acute and chronic responses in the lung. Neutralization of MIF reduces neutrophil accumulation into the lung in animal models. We hypothesized that MIF, in the alveolar space, promotes neutrophil accumulation via activation of the CD74 receptor ...
Vera Pedro L - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine constitutively expressed by urothelial cells. During inflammatory stimuli, MIF is released into the lumen complexed to other proteins and these complexes can bind to urothelial cell-surface receptors to activate signaling pathways. Since MIF is complexed to alpha1-inhibitor III (A1-I3; a member ...
Cui Xu X Department of Neurology, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202, - - 2009
We tested the hypothesis that a nitric oxide donor, DETA-NONOate, up-regulates stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF1) and angiopoietin 1 (Ang1) in the ischemic brain and their respective receptors chemokine CXC motif receptor 4 (CXCR4) and Tie2 in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and thereby promote SVZ neuroblast cell migration after stroke. C57BL/6J ...
Brodeur Mathieu R - - 2008
Oxidized low density lipoproteins (OxLDL) are known to promote atherosclerosis, but it is only recently that OxLDL have been associated with alterations of the functions of bone-forming osteoblasts and osteoporosis. Although high density lipoproteins (HDL) are recognized for their anti-atherogenic action, there is less information about their ability to protect ...
Park Young Mi - - 2009
The trapping of lipid-laden macrophages in the arterial intima is a critical but reversible step in atherogenesis. However, the mechanism by which this occurs is not clearly defined. Here, we tested in mice the hypothesis that CD36, a class B scavenger receptor expressed on macrophages, has a role in this ...
Boyanovsky Boris B - - 2009
We previously reported that LDL modified by group V secretory phospholipase A2 (GV-LDL) promotes macrophage foam cell formation through a mechanism independent of scavenger receptors SR-A and CD36, and dependent on cellular proteoglycans. This study investigates the role of syndecans, a family of cell surface proteoglycans known to mediate endocytosis ...
Takahashi Go - - 2008
Animal skin pattern is one of the good model systems used to study the mechanism of pattern formation. Molecular genetic studies with zebrafish have shown that pigment cells play a major role in the mechanism of stripe formation. Among the variety of cellular events that may be involved in the ...
Okutsu Reiko - - 2009
Internalization of modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) via macrophage scavenger receptors (e.g. scavenger receptor A and CD36) is thought to play a crucial role in the development of atherosclerotic lesions. Cilostazol, an antiplatelet agent with selective phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitory action, has been reported to ameliorate atherosclerosis in mouse models. However, the ...
DeFranco Anthony L - - 2008
Uric acid (UA) crystals are a potent stimulator of inflammation, but how they activate immune cells is not known. In this issue of Immunity, Ng et al. (2008) provide evidence suggesting that UA activates the Syk kinase via membrane cholesterol.
Qiu Guosong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial lipase (EL) is expressed by macrophages within atherosclerotic lesions. We investigated the influence of EL expression on cholesterol efflux in macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present study used lentivirus to introduce either EL shRNA for loss-of-function studies or EL cDNA for gain-of-function studies to investigate the role of ...
Osto Elena - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) uptake by monocyte-derived macrophages is a crucial step in foam cell formation and early atherosclerotic lesion. Increasing evidence supports the theory that activation of protein kinase Cbeta (PKCbeta) is involved in many mechanisms promoting atherosclerosis. Thus, we investigated whether inhibition of PKCbeta prevents foam cell formation. ...
Zhang Chao - - 2009
This study was to evaluate whether macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) can be used as a better marker of inflammatory detection through the biodistribution and inflammatory imaging study with (131)I-labelled anti-MIF McAb and control antibody in inflammatory model mice. The mRNA and protein expression of MIF in inflammatory lesions were ...
Santos Leilani L - - 2009
Originally discovered and named as an in vitro inhibitor of macrophage migration, the cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has now been shown to be a key regulator of acute and chronic immuno-inflammatory conditions including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), atherosclerosis, and more recently systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Common inflammatory events in ...
Weinberg J B - - 2008
Survival of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells requires sustained activation of the antiapoptotic PI-3-K/Akt pathway, and many therapies for CLL cause leukemia cell death by triggering apoptosis. Blood lipoprotein particles are either pro- or antiapoptotic. High-density lipoprotein particles are antiapoptotic through sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 3-mediated activation of the PI-3-K/Akt pathway. Apolipoprotein ...
Okazaki Hiroaki - - 2008
Unstable lipid-rich plaques in atherosclerosis are characterized by the accumulation of macrophage foam cells loaded with cholesterol ester (CE). Although hormone-sensitive lipase and cholesteryl ester hydrolase (CEH) have been proposed to mediate the hydrolysis of CE in macrophages, circumstantial evidence suggests the presence of other enzymes with neutral cholesterol ester ...
Riazy Maziar - - 2009
Oxidized LDL (OxLDL) is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of early as well as advanced stages of atherosclerosis. One possible mechanism involves local upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This study was done to define the mechanism by which OxLDL increases secretion ...
Crow J Allen JA Department of Basic Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762-6100, - - 2008
Cholesteryl esters are hydrolyzed by cholesteryl ester hydrolase (CEH) yielding free cholesterol for export from macrophages. Hence, CEH has an important regulatory role in macrophage reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). CEH and human carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) appear to be the same enzyme. CES1 is inhibited by oxons, the bioactive metabolites of ...
Liu Lingfeng - - 2008
The pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member Bim acts as a sensor for apoptotic stimuli and initiates apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. To identify novel regulators of Bim, we employed the yeast two-hybrid system and isolated the human gene encoding macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a ubiquitously expressed proinflammatory mediator that has ...
Kudchodkar Bhalchandra B Department of Molecular Biology and Immunology, The University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, 3500 Camp Bowie Boulevard, Fort Worth, TX 76107, - - 2008
Chronic hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy significantly attenuates atherosclerosis in New Zealand white rabbits as well as the apoE knockout (KO) mice, independent of plasma lipid concentrations and lipoprotein profiles. Because atherosclerosis has many features of a chronic inflammatory disease, in which both cell-mediated and humoral immune responses participate, we examined ...
Xie, B; ;
Circulation dysfunction-associated mortality is defined as its reduced responsiveness to circulation active agents in the pathological context of sepsis/septic shock. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a versatile pro-inflammatory cytokine, has been identified independently from other mediators and found to play certain roles in the “bio-vicious-gate” of circulation collapse. Cumulating evidence ...
Oswald Stefan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Genetic variability in hepatic uptake was recently shown to influence the disposition and cholesterol-lowering effects of statins. Ezetimibe, an inhibitor of the intestinal cholesterol uptake protein Niemann-Pick C 1 like 1, is another drug for which genetic polymorphisms of hepatic organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) are expected to be ...
Burnett Giselle T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) secrete key modifiers of tumor progression and their modification has been proposed as a therapeutic strategy. Phenotypic changes that may render TAMs selectively vulnerable to anti-cancer agents were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene arrays, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were used to study inflammation- ...
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