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Buonocore Francesco - - 2010
The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a cytokine produced in numerous cell types, mainly T lymphocytes and macrophages, in response to inflammatory stimuli. In this paper we report the identification of a cDNA encoding a MIF molecule from sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.), its expression analysis and its 3D ...
Barrilleaux Bonnie L - - 2010
Therapeutic administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by systemic delivery utilizes the innate ability of the cells to home to damaged tissues, but it can be an inefficient process due to a limited knowledge of cellular cues that regulate migration and homing. Our lab recently discovered that a potent pro-inflammatory ...
Ietta Francesca - - 2010
Successful pregnancy involves a series of events, most of them mediated by hormones and cytokines. Estrogens, besides being important for placental growth and embryo development, have a marked effect on the immune system exerting either pro- or anti-inflammatory properties. Numerous studies suggest that estrogens directly affect cellular function, including cytokine ...
Grandl Margot - - 2010
Macrophage foam cells formed during uptake of atherogenic lipoproteins are a hallmark of atherosclerotic lesion development. In this study, human macrophages were incubated with two prototypic atherogenic LDL modifications enzymatically degraded LDL (E-LDL) and oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) prepared from the same donor LDL. To detect differences in macrophage lipid storage, ...
Guo Jin - - 2010
1. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is strongly associated with atherosclerosis, and is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The pathogenic mechanisms that underlie atherosclerosis and AMI are undefined at present. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a member of the superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors. It has been demonstrated previously ...
Bacher Michael - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that amyloid beta protein (Abeta ), the essential molecule for the formation of toxic oligomers and, subsequently, Alzheimer plaques, has been associated in vivo with the immune modulator, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) (17). To further investigate this association in vivo we used the APP transgenic ...
Klingenberg Roland - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease. Autoimmune responses to low-density lipoproteins (LDL) contribute to its progression, whereas immunization with LDL may induce atheroprotective or proatherogenic responses. The objective of this study was to develop an atheroprotective vaccine by targeting a peptide of the LDL protein constituent apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) to ...
Ermak Natalia - - 2010
We compared the apoptotic mechanism involved in U937 human monocytic cell line in presence of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL) obtained after treatment with hypochlorous acid (HOCl) or copper (Cu). Both types of oxLDL induced U937 apoptotic cell death via the mitochondrial pathway. In contrast to HOCl-oxLDL, Cu-oxLDL induced apoptosis via ...
Boyanovsky Boris B BB Department of Internal Medicine Endocrinology Division, University of Kentucky, Lexington, 40536, USA. - - 2010
Previous studies have established that hydrolysis of LDL by Group V secretory phospholipase A(2) (GV sPLA(2)) generates a modified particle capable of inducing macrophage foam cell formation. The aim of the present study was to determine whether GV sPLA(2)-hydrolyzed LDL (GV-LDL) produces pro-atherogenic effects in macrophages independent of cholesterol accumulation. ...
Choi Jung-Suk - - 2010
Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis accompanying lipid-laden cell appearance, inflammatory responses, and vascular dysfunction. This study examined the potentials of polyphenol quercitrin to inhibit oxLDL induction of scavenger receptor A (SR-A) and CD36 involving activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). J774A1 murine macrophages ...
Kojima Chiari - - 2010
AIM: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) have been shown to block matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 activity, which plays a role in atherogenesis. MMP-9 activity of macrophages is increased during foam cell formation. To investigate the contribution of ACEIs to foam cell formation, we studied the effects of an ACEI, imidaprilat, on THP-1 ...
Regis Eduardo G EG Laboratory on Thymus Research, Oswaldo Cruz Institute/FIOCRUZ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2010
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and infectious diseases, however its role in HIV-1 infection is unknown. Here we show that HIV-1-infected patients present elevated plasma levels of MIF, that HIV-1-infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) release a greater amount of MIF, ...
Tie Guodong - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced inactivation of Akt within endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is mediated at the level of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), specifically by nitrosylation of the p85 subunit of PI3K, and that this action is critical in provoking oxLDL-induced EPC apoptosis. Hypercholesterolemic ApoE null mice ...
Pemberton Alan D - - 2010
Nuclear histones have previously been shown to aggregate LDL in vitro, suggestive of a possible pro-atherogenic role. Recent studies indicate that histones are released during acute inflammation, and therefore might interact with circulating lipoproteins in vivo. In view of the associative link between inflammation and cardiovascular disease, the behaviour of ...
Miller Yury I - - 2010
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is a major extracellular carrier of cholesterol and, as such, plays important physiologic roles in cellular function and regulation of metabolic pathways. However, under pathologic conditions of hyperlipidemia, oxidative stress and/or genetic disorders, specific components of LDL become oxidized or otherwise modified, and the transport of cholesterol ...
Robciuc Marius R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) plays important roles in lipoprotein metabolism and atherosclerosis and is expressed by macrophages and macrophage foam cells (MFCs). The aim of the present study was to determine whether the major protein from HDL, apoA-I, affects PLTP derived from MFCs. RESULTS: as cell model we used ...
Devillard Raphael - - 2010
Sphingomyelin hydrolysis in response to stress-inducing agents, and subsequent ceramide generation, are implicated in various cellular responses, including apoptosis, inflammation and proliferation, depending on the nature of the different acidic or neutral sphingomyelinases. This study was carried out to investigate whether the neutral Mg(2+)-dependent neutral sphingomyelinase-2 (nSMase2) plays a role ...
Assun??o-Miranda Iranaia - - 2010
Several viruses cause acute and chronic joint inflammation in humans, and among them, the alphaviruses are of special interest due to the increasing number of outbreaks in which they are the etiological factor. Sindbis virus (SinV), a member of the Alphavirus genus, is the most widely distributed of all known ...
Efrat Michal - - 2010
Macrophage cholesterol accumulation and foam cell formation is the hallmark of early atherogenesis. In addition to macrophages, at least three more major players regulate atherosclerosis development; paraoxonase 1 (PON1), antioxidants, and HDL. PON1 is an HDL-associated lactonase which posses antioxidant and anti-atherogenic properties. PON1 protects against macrophage-mediated LDL oxidation, and ...
Baeza Garcia Alvaro - - 2010
We have identified and characterized a Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) family member in the Lophotrochozoan invertebrate, Biomphalaria glabrata, the snail intermediate host of the human blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni. In mammals, MIF is a widely expressed pleiotropic cytokine with potent pro-inflammatory properties that controls cell functions such as gene ...
Chuang Chia-Chang - - 2010
Patients infected with Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus) show severe inflammatory responses characterised by the upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), an upstream proinflammatory regulator, increases the inflammation caused by sepsis. Whether MIF regulates responses to V. vulnificus infection and the actual mechanism by which V. vulnificus initiates ...
Al Gadban Mohammed M MM Department of Regenerative Medicine and Cell Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States of - - 2010
Oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL) and oxLDL-containing immune complexes (oxLDL-IC) contribute to formation of lipid-laden macrophages (foam cells). It has been shown that oxLDL-IC are considerably more efficient than oxLDL in induction of foam cell formation, inflammatory cytokines secretion, and cell survival promotion. Whereas oxLDL is taken up by several scavenger ...
Zhou Xiaoye - - 2010
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), a molecule mediating free cholesterol efflux from peripheral tissues to apoAI and high density lipoprotein (HDL), inhibits the formation of lipid-laden macrophage/foam cells and the development of atherosclerosis. ERK1/2 are important signaling molecules regulating cellular growth and differentiation. The ERK1/2 signaling pathway is implicated in ...
Guo Jin - - 2010
SUMMARY 1. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated tightly with atherosclerosis (AS), and is responsible for causing significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The pathogenic mechanisms that underlie AS and AMI are undefined at present. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a member of the superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors. It has ...
Pedrosa A M C - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the apoptotic pathways and mechanisms involved in electronegative LDL [LDL(-)]-induced apoptosis in RAW 264.7 macrophages and the role of Nrf2 in this process. Incubation of RAW 264.7 macrophages with LDL(-) for 24 h resulted in dose-dependent cell death. Activated caspases were shown ...
Wang FuZhou - - 2010
Pro-inflammatory cytokine production after nociceptive stimuli is pivotal for hyperalgesia. As macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a pleiotropic cytokine produced mainly by nonneuronal tissue, has been involved in the regulation of neuronal functions, herein we examined the role for MIF in formalin-induced inflammatory pain model. MIF critically contributed to nociceptive ...
Shao Dingding - - 2010
Host-derived macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of malaria infection, especially in malarial anemia. Although two Plasmodium parasite-derived MIF orthologs, Plasmodium falciparum MIF and P. berghei MIF were identified recently, the crystal structure and the precise roles of Plasmodium-derived MIFs, particularly in combination with the ...
Namgaladze Dmitry - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors modulating metabolic and inflammatory responses of phagocytes to stimuli such as fatty acids and their metabolites. We studied the role of PPARs in macrophages exposed to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) modified by secretory phospholipase A(2) (PLA). METHODS AND RESULTS: By ...
Bai Qianming - - 2010
Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) plays an important role in the maintenance of intracellular lipid homeostasis. Macrophages are the key cellular player in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. Imbalance of macrophage lipid homeostasis causes cellular apoptosis, which is the key process in the initiation of atherosclerosis. The present study has investigated ...
Zabirnyk Olga O Metabolism and Cancer Susceptibility Section, Laboratory of Comparative Carcinogenesis, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702-1201, - - 2010
Epidemiological studies showed that high levels of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) are associated with increased cancer risk. We examined the direct effect of physiologic concentrations oxLDL on cancer cells. OxLDLs were cytotoxic and activate both apoptosis and autophagy. OxLDLs have ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and upregulated proline oxidase ...
Xu Mingzhi - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The uptake of oxidized LDL (oxLDL) by macrophages is a key initial event in atherogenesis, and the removal of oxidized lipids from artery wall via reverse cholesterol transport is considered antiatherogenic. The aims of this study were to investigate the pathways mediating the removal of oxysterols from oxLDL-loaded macrophages, ...
Yang Ming - - 2010
We investigated whether the presence of endogenous or exogenous lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) can modify the cellular association of oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and oxidized lipoprotein(a) (oxLp(a)) by human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) and hepatocytes (HepG2). Purified recombinant Lp-PLA2 was used as a source of exogenous enzyme whereas Pefabloc (serine ...
Cross Janet V JV Department of Pathology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. - - 2009
Dietary ITCs (isothiocyanates) prevent cancer and show other bioactivities in vivo. As electrophiles, ITCs may covalently modify cellular proteins. Using a novel proteomics screen, we identified MIF (macrophage migration inhibitory factor) as the principal target of nutrient ITCs in intact cells. ITCs covalently modify the N-terminal proline residue of MIF ...
Habets Kim L L - - 2010
AIMS: Modification of lipoproteins plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. Oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) has a number of pro-inflammatory effects, whereas immunization with various forms of oxLDL is able to reduce atherosclerosis. The uptake of modified LDL by dendritic cells (DCs) and the presentation of epitopes ...
Haka Abigail S - - 2009
A critical event in atherogenesis is the interaction of macrophages with subendothelial lipoproteins. Although most studies model this interaction by incubating macrophages with monomeric lipoproteins, macrophages in vivo encounter lipoproteins that are aggregated. The physical features of the lipoproteins require distinctive mechanisms for their uptake. We show that macrophages create ...
Tang Chongren - - 2009
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is a cell membrane protein that exports excess cholesterol from cells to apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, the major protein in high density lipoproteins. Genetic studies have shown that ABCA1 protects against cardiovascular disease. The interaction of apoA-I with ABCA1 promotes cholesterol removal and activates signaling molecules, ...
Han Xinbing - - 2009
Foam cell formation is a hallmark event during atherosclerosis. The current paradigm is that lipid uptake by scavenger receptor in macrophages initiates the chronic proinflammatory cascade and necrosis core formation that characterize atherosclerosis. We report here that a cytokine considered to be anti-atherogenic, interleukin-10 (IL10), promotes cholesterol uptake from modified ...
Yao Wenqi - - 2009
The key event in the atherosclerosis development is the lipids uptake by macrophage and the formation of foam cell in subendothelial arterial space. Besides the uptake of modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) by scavenger receptor-mediated endocytosis, macrophages possess constitutive macropinocytosis, which is capable of taking up a large quantity of solute. ...
Barrilleaux Bonnie L - - 2009
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow stroma can home to and repair injured tissue, but the rate of engraftment is generally low. Regulating migration-related signaling of MSCs may be a powerful strategy to enhance this process. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms governing homing, we identified negative ...
Cancel Limary M LM Department of Biomedical Engineering, The City College of The City University of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA. - - 2010
We have previously shown that leaky junctions associated with dying or dividing cells are the dominant pathway for low density lipoprotein (LDL) transport under convective conditions, accounting for more than 90% of the transport [Cancel LM, Fitting A, Tarbell JM. In vitro study of LDL transport under pressurized (convective) conditions. ...
Leng Lin L Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an upstream activator of the immune response that counter-regulates the immunosuppressive effects of glucocorticoids. While MIF is released by cells in response to diverse microbial and invasive stimuli, evidence that glucocorticoids in low concentrations also induce MIF secretion suggests an additional regulatory relationship between ...
Silva Adriana R - - 2009
Lipid-laden foam macrophages are emerging as key players in early atherogenesis. Even though cytoplasmic lipid bodies (lipid droplets) are now recognized as organelles with cell functions beyond lipid storage, the mechanisms controlling lipid body biogenesis within macrophages and their additional functions in atherosclerosis are not completely elucidated. Here we studied ...
Etzion Yoram - - 2009
Macrophage-derived foam cells are thought to play a major role in atherosclerotic lesion formation and progression. An automated assay was established to evaluate the uptake of fluorescently labeled oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) by a monocyte/macrophage cell line. The assay was used to screen 480 known bioactive compounds. Twenty-two active compounds ...
Park Sang Kyun - - 2009
We have cloned the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF)-like protein (Anisakis simplex (As)-MIF) from larvae of the whale worm (Anisakis simplex third-stage larvae). Asthma was induced in the mice using OVA/alum, with or without various concentrations of rAs-MIF treatment before OVA/alum challenge. Treatment with rAs-MIF coupled with OVA/alum during the ...
Sadat Umar - - 2009
EVALUATION OF: Park YM, Febbraio M, Silverstein RL. CD36 modulates migration of mouse and human macrophages in response to oxidized LDL and may contribute to macrophage trapping in the arterial intima. J. Clin. Invest. 119, 136-145 (2009). Atherosclerosis is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease and the leading cause of death ...
Shetty R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The durability of bioprosthetic valves is limited by structural valve degeneration (SVD) leading to bioprostheses (BPs) stenosis or regurgitation. We hypothesized that a lipid-mediated inflammatory mechanism is involved in the SVD of BPs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen Freestyle stentless BP valves were explanted for SVD at a mean time ...
Kamiyama Masumi - - 2009
AIM: Equol is the main active product of daidzein metabolism, produced via specific microflora in the gut. This study aimed to clarify the effects of equol on oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OX-LDL)-stimulated apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). METHODS: HUVECs were cultured in the presence of OX-LDL, and cell ...
Merk Melanie M Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2009
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a leaderless protein that is secreted from cells by a specialized, nonclassical export pathway. The release of MIF nevertheless is regulated and its production in response to different inflammatory, mitogenic, and hormonal stimuli plays an important role in diverse physiologic and pathologic processes. We ...
Vaziri Nosratola D - - 2009
Features of end-stage renal disease such as oxidative stress, inflammation, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. By inhibiting the formation and increasing the disposal of oxidized lipids, HDL exerts potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. Given that apolipoproteinA-1 can limit atherosclerosis, ...
Zheng Jiao - - 2009
We have investigated the inhibitory effect of triterpenoid saponins from the leaves of Ilex kudingcha C. J. Tseng on aggregated low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-induced lipid deposition in macrophages. A cell-based screening model was initially applied on aggregated LDL (aggLDL)-induced lipid deposition on macrophages to test the inhibitory effects of the 12 ...
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