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Sorg C - - 1984
It has been described before that only certain types of macrophages are capable to respond to lymphokines and that only certain macrophage phenotypes were able to migrate and to respond to migration inhibitory factors (MIF). With respect to the dissociation of MIF activities from a series of other biological activities, ...
Peck R - - 1984
Guinea pig lymph node cells stimulated with concanavalin A (Con-A) were used as a source of lymphokines. Purifications by molecular sizing columns yielded sufficient quantities of macrophage activating factor (MAF)-active fractions to allow immunization of rabbits. An antiserum was produced which is capable of specifically inhibiting MAF activity, as well ...
Peck R - - 1983
A method is described for quantitating the biological activity of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) based on the detection of macrophages migrating from agarose droplets. The migration is determined with polyclonal anti-macrophage antibodies in an ELISA assay. The numbers of macrophages thus detected correlate well with the migration as measured ...
Mizushima A - - 1983
The macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) fraction was prepared from the immunoadsorbent column by using anti-guinea pig MIF antiserum. Suppression of cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity was achieved by intraperitoneal injection of the MIF fraction into the animals bearing macrophage-rich peritoneal exudates. Skin reactions induced by phytohemagglutinin (PHA) were also suppressed in ...
Wannamaker L W - - 1983
Few of the cellular components of group A streptococci appear to be directly toxic for animals or humans. Some preparations of M protein produce an immunotoxic effect on human platelets and neutrophils. Cell wall fragments produce a chronic multinodular inflammatory lesion of dermal connective tissue. The peptidoglycan component of cell ...
Leu R W - - 1983
Guinea pig macrophage populations previously established to be either responsive or refractory to activation by migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and Lotus fucolectin in the macrophage migration inhibition (MMI) assay were further characterized for their MMI response to diverse effectors as correlated with their Fc and C3b receptor function. MIF-refractory populations ...
Asada M - - 1983
Human lymphotoxin (LT)-producing T-cell hybridomas were constructed by fusing concanavalin A-activated human peripheral blood lymphocytes with emetine-actinomycin D-pretreated human acute lymphatic leukemia cells. LT secretion from these hybridomas was considerably enhanced by stimulation with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) and concanavalin A or PMA alone. A study using cloned hybrid lines revealed that ...
Onozaki K - - 1983
The regulatory mechanism of guinea pig lymphokines was investigated in regard to differentiation of myeloid cells to macrophages. The Ml-cell line, established from a myeloid leukemia of an SL-strain mouse, was induced to differentiate in vitro into mature macrophages possessing Fc receptors and the ability to phagocytize latex particles by ...
Kimura Y - - 1983
Bradykinin, as well as histamine, one of the mediators in IgE mediated immediate type allergic reactions or acute inflammation, may affect the in vitro and in vivo cell-mediated immune reactions of the immunized animals. It was demonstrated in our present experiment that the appearance of delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin ...
Kahlich R - - 1983
A prospective study involving 20 volunteers was designed to test relationships between the sensitivity to zymosan and the indicators of nonspecific immunity against streptococci (inhibitory activity of blood and production of mediators). The immunization with Mannozym produced a conversion of zymosan-induced MIF with a subsequent improvement of immunity indicators in ...
Mazzone T - - 1982
Regulation of the macrophage receptor for modified low density lipoprotein (LDL) was evaluated using human monocyte-derived macrophages and acetyl LDL. Factors that regulate native LDL receptor activity in other cell types, such as the cholesterol content of the incubation medium, insulin, and platelet-derived growth factor had no effect on acetyl ...
Evans C H - - 1982
Biphasic modulation of the frequency of 3-methylcholanthrene-induced tumors in relation to increasing immunocompetence of tumor-bearing mice is indicative of lymphoresponsive stimulatory and inhibitory phases of carcinogenesis; components and mechanisms contributing to the paradoxical ability of the native or natural immune system to stimulate as well as to inhibit the development ...
Sud I J - - 1982
In Staphylococcus aureus, using the imidazoles miconazole and ketoconazole, detailed studies of minimal inhibitory concentrations, kinetics of growth, viability, and release of intracellular K+ confirm that the two imidazoles work differently in this bacterium. Miconazole is bactericidal at low concentrations and causes release of cellular K+. Ketoconazole has no bactericidal ...
Polack F M - - 1982
Leukocyte migration inhibition factor (LMIF) assays have been used as a measure of cell-mediated immune responses. Direct assays of this factor were determined in 30 patients with recurrent herpes simplex stromal keratitis during the quiescent stage of the disease and in 10 of these patients during the acute stage as ...
Sorg C - - 1982
Macrophage migration inhibitory factors (MIFs) of mouse and guinea pig have been thoroughly characterized with regard to molecular weight and isoelectric points. Several molecular weight species have been identified. In a comparative study with purified MIFs it was found that these molecules were distinct from a series of other lymphokines, ...
Livni E - - 1982
Macrophage migration inhibition factor (MIF) towards autologous seminal fluid was studied in 29 infertile men, 16 of whom were also examined towards normal seminal fluid. In 10 patients, inhibition of macrophage migration was observed in the presence of 50 microgram of protein of autologous semen sonicates. Nine patients had enhanced ...
Kahlich R - - 1982
Exoproducts of incubated white blood elements from persons hypersensitive to zymosan were found to promote the phagocytic activity of human microphages (and guinea pig macrophages) under conditions of a combined model of "MIF-opsonophagocytic test". The stimulation resulted in a bacteriostatic effect, was non-type-specific and improved microphage potential to inactivate streptococci ...
Bendtzen K - - 1982
The mechanism of action of the immunosuppressive drug, cyclosporin A (CyA), was analyzed with respect to antigen-induced production of the human lymphokine, leukocyte migration inhibitory factor (LIF). Mononuclear cells as well as purified T-cells did not elaborate LIF in the presence of pharmacological concentrations of CyA. CyA-induced immunosuppression was competitively ...
MacSween J M - - 1982
While the phenomenon of macrophage migration inhibition is a useful indicator of lymphokine release, it may be caused by other substances, it is subject to considerable variability, and it may be masked by the concomitant presence of substances stimulating migration. We have investigated certain aspects of the lymphokine macrophage interaction ...
Sukhtankar A Y - - 1982
Evaluation of cellular immunity in burns was undertaken using the following parameters: T-cell count; blastoid transformation and macrophage migration inhibition factor index (MIF). Their influence upon bactericidal index was also measured as T-cell count per mm3 and in percentage was found to be depressed in parallel, probably due to some ...
Traber M G - - 1981
IC21 macrophages, a permanent culture of a line of cells derived from a single colony of mouse peritoneal macrophages transformed with simian virus 40, demonstrate most of the characteristics of lipoprotein metabolism that have been described for primary cultures of rodent or canine peritoneal macrophages. IC21 macrophages have low but ...
Edgington T S - - 1981
Consideration of the effects of nutrition and of lipids on the immune competence and the characteristics of host resistance to neoplasia requires consideration of the plasma lipoproteins. A wide variety of regulatory effects of lipoproteins on the immune response, immune mediation pathways, cellular metabolism of the immune system, and antigen-nonspecific ...
Chisari F V - - 1981
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced immortalization of adult human B lymphocytes is suppressed by physiologic concentrations of human plasma lipoproteins. Several inhibitory mechanisms appear to be operative. First, low density lipoproteins (LDL) directly reduce the ability of EBV to transform human B cells. Second, LDL as well as intermediate and very low ...
Keogh R W - - 1981
A tricyclic chromone, proxicromil (sodium 6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5-hydroxy-4-oxo-10-propyl-naphtho (2,3-b) pyran-2-carboxylate), has been tested for activity against certain immunological and inflammatory reactions. When given parenterally it suppressed the development of delayed hypersensitivity reactions in sensitized mice and guinea-pigs but did not affect the rejection of skin allografts in mice. The compound had no ...
Schwartz B S - - 1981
In the process of analyzing the effects of lipoproteins on functions of lymphoid cells, it was observed that physiological concentrations of isolated human plasma lipoproteins possess varying capacities to rapidly enhance the expression of procoagulant activity of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro. In a strict dose-dependent fashion, very ...
Traber M G - - 1980
Human peripheral monocytes, isolated from a previously unused source (a leukocyte concentrate byproduct of the plateletphoresis procedure for platelet transfusion), transformed into macrophages while cultured with 5% human serum or isolated lipoprotein fractions. Used for the study of their cholesterol (Chol) metabolism, these human monocyte-derived macrophages had a high-affinity receptor ...
Block L H - - 1980
The new antilymphocytic agent Cyclosporin A was found to inhibit the production and/or secretion of migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in human lymphocytes stimulated by Concanavalin A. Preincubation for one hour with the compound, followed by 8 hr restoration period of the cells in absence of the drug, resulted in moderate ...
Chensue S W - - 1980
Host granulomatous inflammation in murine schistosomiasis mansoni is a T cell-mediated immune response, which, at the chronic stage of the disease, undergoes T suppressor lymphocyte-dependent modulation. In the present study this phenomenon was further analyzed in vitro. Spleen cells of mice undergoing modulation (20 wk of infection) when mixed with ...
Liu D Y - - 1980
Acidic glycolipids from guinea pig macrophages enhance the response of macrophages to migration inhibitory factor (MIF), suggesting a role of glycolipid receptors for this lymphocyte mediator. Neuraminidase treatment of these glycolipids results in the loss of their biologic activity. This activity remains intact after incubation of the glycolipids with beta-galactosidase. ...
Varesio L - - 1980
We directly compared the effects of macrophages from infiltrating MSV-induced regressing tumors (T-M0) or from the peritoneal cavity of mice previously injected with light mineral oil (LMO-M0) on two functions of alloimmune spleen cells (ISC), the cytotoxic activity and production of a lymphokine, macrophage inhibitory factor (MIF). Addition of T-M0 ...
Kozłowska K - - 1980
The influence of two kinds of transplantable melanomas on the content of fucose in the surface glycoproteins of hamster peritoneal macrophages was studied. An increase in the content of fucose, more prominent in surface material of macrophages from animals with melanotic melanoma was found. It has been suggested that this ...
Sandberg G - - 1980
Migration of guinea pig thymocytes in sealed glass capillaries was measured in 3 intervals during 24 h of incubation. Two factors present in guinea pig sera which stimulated migration were partly characterized. One factor, with a molecular weight between 10,000 and 100,000 (as judged by ultrafiltration), stimulated migration during the ...
Sorg C - - 1979
Activated lymphocytes release numerous products which are either synthesized de novo or in increased amounts; some of these products play a role in the regulation of the immune response and are designated as mediators of cellular immune reactions or lymphokines. The first lymphokine described was the macrophage migration inhibitory factor ...
Possanza G - - 1979
Macrophage migration inhibition factor (MIF) derived from human lymphoid cell lines was found to lose biologic activity on dialysis. Although activity was not recovered in the dialyzate, mixing experiments demonstrated that the components in the retentate and dialyzate could reassociate to restore activity. The fragment of larger molecular weight (less ...
Varesio L - - 1979
Immune spleen cells from mice injected with murine sarcoma virus (MSV) can produce migration inhibition factor (MIF) in vitro after stimulation with intact tumor cells. We have now found that this effector function can be regulated by suppressor macrophages present in the tumor. The cells from the tumor (CfT) exert ...
Igarashi I - - 1979
When migration inhibitory factor (MIF) assay in vitro was conducted on the lymphokines (LKs), it was observed that the percentage of MIF activity was greatly increased from the 3rd to the 4th week postinfection. On the succeeding weeks there was a noticeable decrease in the MIF activity noted on the ...
Masih N - - 1979
Granulomatous reactions were immunologically induced in guinea pigs by several procedures, including intravenous injections of Bacille Calmette Gúerin (BCG) into animals immunized with complete Freund's Adjuvant and an intravenous injection of agarose beads linked to a specific antigen (dinitrophenylated bovine serum albumin) into immune animals. The tissue extracts obtained from ...
Cohen S - - 1979
Although we have focused on desensitization as an experimental model, the findings obtained suggest mechanisms by which physiological control of cell-mediated immunity is attained. Thus, such regulation may occur either at the stage of expression of lymphokine activity or at the level of lymphokine production itself. The former may involve ...
Onozaki K - - 1979
First we have confirmed the previous observation that the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was adsorbed on normal peritoneal macrophages when they were incubated at 4 C for 60 min. It was found that macrophages fixed with 2% glutaraldehyde gave more reproducible results than viable cells in terms of "adsorption" ...
Higgins T J - - 1978
Guinea pig peritoneal exudate cells incubated with water soluble glycolipids obtained from macrophages show an enhanced response to migration inhibitory factor. Incorporation of these glycolipids into liposomes greatly facilitates their interaction with indicator cells. Enhancement of peritoneal exudate cell responsiveness to migration inhibitory factor was specific for glycolipids from guinea ...
Brown E W - - 1978
Macrophage-migration inhibition factor (MIF) is a lymphocyte-derived substance which plays an important role in cell mediated immunity. Soluble factors containing MIF-like activity and produced by non-stimulated and virus-infected non-lymphoid cell cultures have also been reported. In the present study, a MIF-like factor was repeatedly detected in Buffalo green monkey kidney ...
Andreis M - - 1977
The pericardial effusion in a case of rheumatoid pericarditis was studied to determine whether immune complexes and mediators of cellular immunity, represented by migration inhibitory factor (MIF), were present. MIF-like activity was detected in the pericardial fluid, but only traces of immune complexes were revealed by ultracentrifugation. The MIF-like activity ...
Landolfo S - - 1977
Spleen cells from C57BL/6 mice immunized with murine sarcoma virus (MSV) are capable of producing migration inhibition factor (MIF) in response to stimulation with a specific tumor-associated antigen prepared by solubilization with 3 M KCL. We have previously demonstrated that this response is T cell-dependent. Further investigations into the effector ...
DeFranco M F - - 1977
This paper describes the application of parallel bioassay to determine the extent to which the leucocyte chemotactic activity of guinea-pig lymphokine preparations is associated with their lymphocyte mitogenic, inflammatory (increased vascular permeability) and macrophage migration inhibitory activities. A convenient test of chemotactic activity was devised whereby Coulter counter determinations were ...
Remold H G - - 1977
The response of guinea pig macrophages to migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is altered by several chemical treatments. Treatment of macrophages with the diazonium salt of sulfanilic acid (5 x 10(-6) to 4 x 10(-4) M) significantly increases the response of these cells to MIF. Treatment with acetic anhydride also augments ...
Jordan W P WP - - 1976
A direct assay using the mixed leukocyte migration inhibition technique for leukocyte inhibition factor (LIF) production has shown that nickel-sensitive subjects can be distinguished from nonallergic controls. The difference between the two groups' migrating indexes was obtained with nickel sulfate in 199 medium at a concentration of 150 mug/ml and ...
Yoshida T - - 1976
In the present series of experiments we examined the ability of eight continuous cell lines derived from human lymphocytes to release lymphokines into their culture media. We have demonstrated that all could produce a macrophage migration inhibitory factor and a neutrophil chemotactic factor. This ability was independent of the B ...
Gadol N - - 1976
The incubation fluid from 24-hr cultures of normal guinea pig small intestines was found to contain activity capable of inhibiting the migration of normal guinea pig peritoneal macrophages. Each of three different culture fluids showed macrophage inhibitory activity in the 25,000-55,000 mol wt range when subjected to Sephadex G-100 gel ...
Thueson, David Orel;
To determine whether specific chemical linkages between proteins and haptens could be important in cell-mediated immune recognition of drugs, Penicillin-G (PG) was covalently conjugated to guinea pig albumin through amino (NH2) or sulfhydryl (SH) moieties. Hapten densities ranged from four to one-hundred moles of PG per mole of albumin. Slight ...
Meade C J - - 1976
Lymph from pigs given bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and stimulated in the drainage area of a cannulated lymph node with tuberculin (PPD) had potent in vitro macrophage migration inhibitory activity. A similar observation has previously been made in sheep by other workers. In the sheep, part of, and in the pig, ...
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