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Horváth M - - 1991
The immunomodulatory effect of the lipid-reducing etofibrate, the calcium antagonist nifedipine and the immunosuppressive cyclosporine A was studied on in vitro cellular immune response in the presence of human aortic extract and of human LDL in 56 patients with acute myocardial infarction. 50 sex- and age-matched healthy persons were used ...
Grunfeld C - - 1991
The hypertriglyceridemia of infection is produced by many of the cytokines that regulate the immune response, including the tumor necrosis factors, interleukin-1, interleukin-6, and the interferons. In rodents, this hypertriglyceridemia is primarily due to the ability of these cytokines to stimulate hepatic lipogenesis and very low density lipoprotein production without ...
Griffin H - - 1991
The results of the present study strongly suggest that the hypertriglyceridaemia in chicks treated with Aroclor 1254 is a result of reduction in VLDL clearance rather than an increase in rate of VLDL secretion. The decrease in post-heparin LPL activity responsible for reduced VLDL clearance may be mediated by cytokines ...
Mehta U - - 1991
The present study was addressed to understand two specific issues: (a) whether atherogenic activity of smooth muscle cells could be initiated by incorporating cholesterol within their membranes through a LDL-receptor-independent pathway; and (b) whether trifluoperazine, which we had recently shown to prevent the cholesterol-induced atherogenesis in an experimental animal model ...
Devi R S - - 1991
Rats with bilateral electrolytic ventral hippocampal formation (VHF) lesion show a significantly (p less than 0.001) enhanced migration of leucocytes in the presence of antigen. Immunization in these animals enhances (p less than 0.001) the leucocyte migration and presents a significant decrease in footpad thickness. Antibody titre (p less than ...
Nigon F - - 1991
We have evaluated the effect of native low-density lipoproteins (LDL) on the production of leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a potent inflammatory and chemotactic factor, by human monocyte-derived macrophages. The capacity of LDL (d, 1.024-1.050 g/ml) to increase LTB4 secretion was dose-dependent with an optimal response at 100 micrograms LDL protein/ml, representing ...
Gisinger C - - 1991
We have recently shown that incubation of macrophages with insoluble immune complexes (IC) containing low-density lipoproteins (LDL) leads to intracellular accumulation of esterified cholesterol (CE). This accumulation is associated with morphological transformation of the macrophages into "foam cells." In order to better characterize the conditions that lead to the uptake ...
Rankin S M - - 1991
It has been suggested that the oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL) is a key event in atherogenesis. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain how different types of cells modify LDL. In this study we examine the relative contributions of superoxide anions and cellular lipoxygenase (LO) in the ...
Srinivasan S R - - 1991
The arterial wall proteoglycans play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis as depicted schematically in Figure 7. Plasma components including lipoproteins cross the endothelium mainly by a non-specific bulk-phase vesicular transport. A selective interaction of apoB-containing lipoproteins occurs with proteoglycans of the subendothelial layer which results in extracellular ...
Goldberg A - - 1991
Cellular responses in bee venom (BV) allergy is a controversial issue. Previous studies could not reach an agreement whether this mechanism is activated as a result of allergic sensitization to bee venom. All previous works have used lymphocyte proliferation as their method to analyze cell-mediated immunity. In the present work, ...
Saini J S - - 1990
Varied manifestations of herpes simplex keratitis are postulated to be related to alterations or paucity of protective immune response to the virus. In this study lymphocyte subpopulations and macrophage inhibition factor (MIF) assay are investigated in herpes simplex keratitis. Active T-lymphocytes are detected to be significantly low in active keratitis ...
Fong L G - - 1990
In vitro, metabolism of modified forms of low density lipoprotein (LDL) by macrophages via the acetyl-LDL receptor pathway promotes the massive cellular accumulation of lipid. It has been postulated that in vivo this contributes to foam cell formation in the atherosclerotic lesion. Recent studies have shown that arterial wall cells ...
Cavaillon J M - - 1990
Recent evidence suggests that bacterial lipopolysaccharide binds to serum lipoproteins in vitro and in vivo and that lipopolysaccharide in the form that is bound to lipoprotein is less biologically active in several experimental models. In order to study the mechanism of this apparent detoxification, we compared the ability of free ...
Tertov V V - - 1990
Blood serum of most patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) caused a 2- to 5-fold increase in the lipid content of smooth muscle cells cultured from unaffected human aortic intima, i.e., possessed an atherogenic potential manifested in culture. Treatment of the CHD patients' serum with 2.5% polyethylene glycol 6000 removed ...
Ishibashi S - - 1990
We investigated the roles of lipoprotein lipase and apolipoprotein E (apoE) secreted from human monocyte-derived macrophages in the uptake of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). ApoCII-deficient VLDL were isolated from a patient with apoCII deficiency. The lipolytic conversion to higher density and the degradation of the apoCII-deficient VLDL by macrophages ...
Faust R A - - 1990
Human macrophages in vitro synthesize and secrete the cholesteryl ester (CE) transfer protein, LTP-I. The effect of differentiation of monocyte-to-macrophage on the synthesis and secretion of LTP-I cholesteryl ester transfer activity was investigated. One marker of macrophage differentiation is expression of the 'scavenger' receptor, which mediates macrophage uptake and degradation ...
Frostegård J - - 1990
Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for development of atherosclerosis. In experimental animals fed a high-cholesterol diet, monocytes adhere to the arterial endothelium and penetrate into the intima where they differentiate into macrophages and ingest lipids thus giving rise to fatty streaks, the earliest type of atherosclerotic plaque. Macrophages express ...
Kraemer F B - - 1990
The effects of activation on lipid and lipoprotein metabolism were examined in resident murine macrophages, inflammatory cells elicited by thioglycolate, primed cells elicited by pyran copolymer, and activated cells elicited by Corynebacterium parvum. Low density lipoprotein receptors were reduced by 70%, while scavenger receptors were reduced 60% in activated cells. ...
Singh S - - 1990
Candida albicans was found to repeatedly colonise and invade the duodenal ulcer base in a 45 years old otherwise healthy patient receiving H2 receptor antagonists for a prolonged period. He had no delayed hypersensitivity to Candida skin test, and had T cell deficiency, abnormality in T cell blast transformation, defective ...
Schwartz C J - - 1989
Atherosclerosis is conceptually defined as the result of a multiplicity of interactive cascades among injurious stimuli and the healing responses of the arterial wall, occurring concurrently within a hyperlipidemic environment. In this discussion, the inflammatory nature of the disease is emphasized. Four aspects of the pathophysiology of atherogenesis are addressed: ...
Khoo J C - - 1989
It was previously reported by Tabas et al. that J774 macrophages, unlike mouse peritoneal macrophages, accumulate large amounts of cholesteryl esters when incubated with native low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Comparison of the cell line (designated J774A.2) used in those experiments with its parent line (J774A.1) indicates that it is a variant ...
Rasmussen L T - - 1989
Human peritoneal macrophages were stimulated in vitro with beta-1,3-D-polyglucose-derivatized microbeads (GDM) or soluble aminated beta-1,3-D-polyglucose (AG) in combination with lipoproteins. The release of interleukin 1 (IL-1) was analysed in cell supernatants in a thymocyte proliferation assay. We report that the release of IL-1 is markedly enhanced in macrophages stimulated with ...
Simon M - - 1989
Synthesis of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated early antigen (EA) can be induced by a variety of agents in Raji cells, a latently EBV-infected Burkitt lymphoma line. We investigated the role of lipoproteins in this EA induction system. Cell growth was not affected by lipoprotein-deficiency, but EA induction by most ...
Gillissen G - - 1988
Antibiotics may influence immune response by quite different ways. By screening the multitude of publications on this subject, the aim of this overview was to arrive at a basic generalizing statement on the relationship between chemical structure or mode of action of antibiotics and the effect on immune response and ...
Griffith R L - - 1988
Human macrophages play a key role in atherogenesis and are believed to be the progenitors of the cholesteryl ester (CE)-laden foam cells present in early atherosclerotic lesions. Several mechanisms by which macrophages accumulate CE have been recently described. One involves a perturbation in LDL metabolism subsequent to macrophage activation. Thus, ...
Aviram M - - 1988
Cholesterol-loaded human monocyte derived macrophages secrete distinct class of lipoprotein. Following macrophages incubation in serum-free medium containing [14C]-oleic acid the cells secrete lipoprotein associated radioactivity that was found in triglycerides, phospholipids and cholesteryl ester. Macrophage lipoprotein secretion was analyzed by non-denatured gradient gel electrophoresis, agarose lipoprotein electrophoresis and discontinuous density ...
Steinberg D - - 1988
Previous studies from this laboratory have shown that oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) causes it to be recognized by the scavenger receptor of the macrophage. Consequently, the rate of degradation of oxidized LDL by macrophages can be 3 to 10 times that of native LDL. Antioxidants, such as probucol, ...
Falcone D J - - 1988
The ability of acetyl-LDL to stimulate macrophage-dependent plasminogen activation and degradation of extracellular matrix was examined. We have found that expression of plasminogen activator activity in response to the scavenger receptor ligand varied among cell populations. Exposure to acetyl-LDL stimulated plasminogen activator expression by cells which constitutively released low levels ...
Zwadlo G - - 1988
Using a monoclonal antibody to macrophage migration inhibition factor (MIF), two proteins were isolated from supernatants of Concanavalin A-stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells which seem to have complexed to a third component carrying the MIF activity. They are therefore designated MIF-related proteins or MRP-8 and MRP-14 according to their ...
Miyagawa N - - 1988
The effect of human C-reactive protein (CRP) isolated and purified from pooled patients' sera on macrophage function, especially on macrophage migration, was studied. Peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) from guinea pigs were used for macrophage migration inhibition (MMI) test of capillary method. Migration of either PEC or adherent purified macrophages exposed ...
Massmann J - - 1988
Interendothelial and subendothelial monocytes/macrophages are extremely rare in normal rabbit aortas compared with humans and swine, as has been shown by the present study and previous investigations of surface preparations. Light microscopy was used to study the development of immune complex-induced hematogenic macrophage infiltrations in 26 rabbits from the 4th ...
Malorny U - - 1988
The kinetics of appearance of MIF+ cells was investigated in experimental contact dermatitis using a monoclonal antibody (7D10) against murine MIF which was reacted with cryostat sections of tissues and detected by the indirect immunoperoxidase test. Four groups of BALB/c mice were investigated: (1) sensitized with 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB); (2) unsensitized ...
Tabas I - - 1987
Cholesteryl ester (CE) accumulation in arterial wall macrophages (foam cells), mediated by the intracellular enzyme acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyl transferase (ACAT), is a prominent feature of atherosclerotic lesions. However, native low density lipoprotein (LDL) does not cause activation of ACAT or CE accumulation in cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages despite both ...
Weinstock J V - - 1987
Enteric immunization with schistosome ova results in a diminished granulomatous response. This study explored a mechanism by which enteric immunization may decrease granuloma size. Granulomas from livers of acutely infected mice were dissociated and the dispersed cells were depleted of macrophages. As defined by a direct in vitro migration inhibition ...
Quinn M T - - 1987
Previous studies in this laboratory established that low density lipoprotein (LDL) incubated with cultured endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, or macrophages undergoes free radical-catalyzed oxidative modification that generates lipid peroxides and extensive structural changes in the LDL molecule. The oxidatively modified LDL strongly inhibited chemotactic responses of the mouse resident ...
Lopes-Virella M F - - 1987
To determine whether stimulation of macrophages with products related to, or released as a consequence of, infectious processes could play a role in inducing the formation of foam cells, we studied the metabolism of native and acetylated low density lipoprotein (LDL) by human macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), muramyl dipeptide ...
Marcus Z H - - 1987
Human seminal plasma from normal or patients with abnormal parameters of the ejaculates contains an inhibitory material that expresses potent in vitro inhibitory activity on PHA-M-induced blast transformation and NK activity. Using the test of inhibition of NK activity, the semen samples from individuals with higher concentrations of fructose had ...
Okuyama H - - 1986
These experiments were undertaken to clarify whether or not suppressor macrophages contribute to deficiency of delayed-type hypersensitivity induced by BCG CW immunization in B6/lpr mice. Addition of indomethacin in vitro did not increase MIF production by immunized lpr lymph node cells. Adherent cells in lymph node cell suspensions from lpr ...
Yatsu F M - - 1986
Foam cells are lipid-laden macrophages derived primarily from circulating mononuclear cells and are a characteristic feature of atheromatous lesions. The exact role of these foam cells in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic lesions remains uncertain, but one potential function is to take-up and process excess interstitial arterial lipoproteins, suggested by their ...
Gordon M R - - 1986
The production of a macrophage migration enhancement factor (MEF) has been achieved as a consequence of administering a desensitizing dose of purified protein derivative (PPD) to Mycobacterium bovis BCG-sensitized rabbits. The migration-enhancing effect was first demonstrated when alveolar macrophages (AM) harvested from desensitized rabbits exhibited marked migration stimulation; whereas maximum ...
Klimov A N - - 1985
Immune complexes consisting of human [125I]LDL or [125I]VLDL and anti-apo B IgG were prepared in vitro. After intravenous administration of these complexes or free LDL to normal rabbits the elimination rate for complexes was 2-3-fold higher than for free lipoproteins. The liver/spleen radioactivity ratio after administration of immune complexes was ...
Suko M - - 1985
The systemic injection of high doses of antigen into a previously immunized animal results in a state of transient anergy with respect to cell-mediated immune reactions. This phenomenon is known as desensitization. We have previously shown that desensitization is a multistage process. The initial 24-hr period is characterized by excessive ...
Takata I - - 1985
Alveolar macrophages (AM), harvested from the lungs of untreated normal young rabbits (New Zealand White) 14 days to 8 weeks of age, exhibited a state of migration stimulation compared to AM from normal adult rabbits (5 to 6 months of age). Migration of AM from normal adult rabbits (New Zealand ...
Cathcart M K - - 1985
Free radicals are believed to be involved in leukocyte induced tissue injury. The present studies were performed to determine whether low density lipoprotein (LDL) might serve as a mediator of tissue injury after leukocyte induced free radical oxidation of LDL. Our results show that incubation of LDL with monocytes or ...
Liu D Y - - 1985
The role of carbohydrate in the interaction of human migration inhibitory factor (MIF) with human peripheral blood monocytes was investigated by studying the effects of different exoglycosidases on the cellular response to MIF. When monocytes were pretreated with neuraminidase, an exoglycosidase specific for sialic acid, they became unresponsive to MIF. ...
Prokić L M - - 1985
While the influence of 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME) on the functions of lymphocytes has rather extensively been investigated, there are almost no data on the action of this thiol compound on macrophages. We examined the effect of 2-ME in vitro (10(-6)-10(-4) M) on migration from capillary tubes of oil elicited peritoneal macrophages ...
Schwartz C J - - 1985
With an increasing interest in the role of the monocyte-macrophage in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and as a progenitor of plaque intimal foam cells, a model for the study of foam-cell differentiation in an extravascular environment has been developed. Granulomas were induced in 25 normocholesterolemic (NC) and 28 hypercholesterolemic (HC) ...
Tabas I - - 1985
Cholesteryl ester (CE)-loaded macrophages (foam cells) are a prominent feature of atherosclerotic plaques. Previous studies have shown that human monocytes or resident mouse peritoneal macrophages accumulate CE in response to low density lipoprotein (LDL) only when the LDL has been appropriately chemically modified. By contrast, we report here that J774 ...
Higuchi M - - 1984
Human MAF-C (macrophage-activation factor for cytotoxicity)-producing hybridoma H2-E3-5 was prepared by somatic cell fusion of PHA-activated peripheral blood lymphocytes with emetine/actinomycin D-treated cloned human acute lymphatic leukemia cells (CEM). The following activities were assayed: (1) macrophage-migration-inhibitory factor (MIF), (2) macrophage-activation factor for glucose consumption (MAF-G), (3) macrophage-activation factor for O2-formation ...
Edwards R L - - 1984
Human monocytes generate the procoagulant tissue factor (MTF) following exposure to a variety of immune stimuli in vitro. The generation of MTF is modified by T cells, lymphokines, and immunoregulatory lipoproteins, and recent studies have shown that MTF can be activated in an immune-specific manner following exposure to antigen. We ...
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