Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 740
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Galle J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Atherogenic lipoproteins cause injury to the vascular wall in the early phase of atherogenesis. We assessed the effects of native (nLDL) and oxidized (oxLDL) low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] on O2- formation and cell death in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and rabbit aorta (RA). ...
Matsunaga J - - 1999
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a relatively small, 12.5-kDa protein that is structurally related to some isomerases and for which multiple immune and catalytic roles have been proposed. MIF is widely expressed in tissues with particularly high levels in neural tissues. Here we show that MIF is able to ...
Schmitz G - - 1999
Activated lipid-laden macrophages in the vascular wall are key modulators of the inflammatory processes underlying atherosclerosis. We demonstrate here that the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ABCA1 is induced during differentiation of human monocytes into macrophages. ABCA1 has been implicated in macrophage interleukin-1beta secretion and apoptosis. Moreover, ABCA1 mRNA and protein ...
Tabas I - - 1999
The key initiating event in atherosclerosis is the retention of plasma lipoproteins in the subendothelial matrix. Subsequently, a series of biological responses to this retained material leads to specific molecular and cellular processes that promote lesion formation. There is considerable evidence that many of these biological responses, notably macrophage cholesteryl ...
Lind M - - 1999
Cytokines that regulate monocyte migration were found in membrane tissue surrounding loosened prosthetic implants. Monocyte migration inhibition factor (MIF) is able to inhibit macrophage migration. Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP) and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP) are potent macrophage chemoattractants. These cytokines may be expressed as part of the foreign body response ...
Hamilton J A - - 1999
Modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL), eg, by oxidation, has been proposed as being important for the formation of foam cells and therefore for the development of atherosclerotic plaques. There are a number of reports showing that macrophage-derived foam cells can proliferate in both human and animal lesions, particularly in ...
Sakamoto W - - 1999
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a putative cytokine involved in inflammatory and immune responses, was identified in rat peritoneal macrophages by Western blot analysis and its secretion into culture medium by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. To clarify the possibility of vitamin E as an immune modulator, we investigated the effect of ...
Bielicki J K - - 1999
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is synthesized and secreted by arterial macrophages while apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is present in surrounding interstitial fluids. Both apolipoproteins play important roles in macrophage cholesterol homeostasis by forming lipid complexes (nascent-HDL) with cellular phospholipids (PL) and cholesterol (UC) thereby promoting cholesterol efflux. In this study, we evaluated ...
Maxeiner H - - 1998
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is considered one of the principal effectors of atherogenesis. To explore mechanisms by which oxLDL affects human mononuclear phagocytes, we incubated these cells in medium containing oxLDL, acetylated LDL (acLDL), or native LDL, or on surfaces coated with these native and modified lipoproteins. The presence of ...
Pastrana D V - - 1998
Filarial nematode parasites establish long-term chronic infections in the context of an antiparasite immunity that is strongly biased toward a Th2 response. The mechanisms that lead to this Th2 bias toward filarial antigens are not clear, but one possibility is that the parasites produce molecules that have the capacity to ...
Moriwaki H - - 1998
Uptake of oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) and subsequent foam cell transformation have been implicated in early atherogenesis. Although multiple molecules, including class A and B scavenger receptors, have been identified as Ox-LDL receptors, additional receptors may also be involved in this process. Here, we provide evidence that lectin-like Ox-LDL ...
Li W - - 1998
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is believed to play a central role in atherogenesis. LDL is oxidized in the arterial intima by mechanisms that are still only partially understood. OxLDL is then taken up by macrophages through scavenger receptor-mediated endocytosis, which then leads to cellular damage, including apoptosis. The complex ...
Kalayoglu M V MV Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 1998
Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is associated with atherosclerotic heart and vessel disease, but a causal relationship between this pathogen and the disease process has not been established. Recently, it was reported that C. pneumoniae induces human macrophage foam cell formation, a key event in early atheroma development, suggesting a role for ...
Biwa T - - 1998
We have examined whether certain secreted factor(s) is involved in oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL)-induced murine macrophage growth. An antibody against granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) effectively inhibited Ox-LDL-induced macrophage growth by >80%. Ox-LDL as well as phospholipase A2-treated acetylated LDL enhanced mRNA levels and protein release of GM-CSF from macrophages, ...
Moore K J - - 1998
Monocytes/macrophages (Mo) appear to play a critical role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. In this study, we characterized in vitro-differentiated embryonic stem (ES) cell macrophages as a model system for studying atherosclerosis-associated Mo functions. Using immunofluorescence staining and Western analysis, we demonstrate that ES Mo express typical ...
Sakamoto W - - 1998
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was identified in rat peritoneal macrophages by Western blot analysis and its secretion into culture medium by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We investigated the effect of vitamin E on MIF production in macrophages in response to phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), calcium ionophore A23187, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Intraperitoneal ...
Calandra T - - 1998
Discovered in the early 1960s as a T cell cytokine, the protein mediator known as macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been found recently to be a pituitary peptide released during the physiological stress response, a proinflammatory macrophage cytokine secreted after LPS stimulation, and a T cell product expressed as ...
Wintergerst E S - - 1998
Macrophages are key players in many aspects of human physiology and disease. It has been hypothesized that in a given microenvironment monocytes differentiate into specific subpopulations with distinct functions. In order to study the role of macrophage heterogeneity in atherogenesis, we established a novel isolation and culture technique for human ...
Makita H - - 1998
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a recently rediscovered pro-inflammatory cytokine that has the unique potential to override the anti-inflammatory action of glucocorticoids. Since recent reports suggest the pivotal role of MIF in acute lung injury, we examined the protective effect of anti-MIF antibody on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury ...
Jinnouchi Y - - 1998
It was shown that proteins modified with advanced glycation end products (AGE) are effectively endocytosed by macrophages or macrophage-derived cells in vitro, and immunohistochemical studies involving anti-AGE antibodies demonstrated the accumulation of AGE-modified proteins (AGE-proteins) in macrophage-derived foam cells in human atherosclerotic lesions in situ, suggesting the involvement of AGE-modified ...
Ohta Y - - 1998
In tinea faciei, a dermatophyte infection of the face, early stage lesions show erythema with crust and/or vesicles, a condition often misdiagnosed as dermatitis. Steroid application retards the healing in some cases and may induce penetration of the dermatophyte hyphae into hair and hair follicles. In the present study, we ...
Leech M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have established an essential role for macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in T cell and macrophage activation, both of which are characteristics of rat adjuvant arthritis. This study investigated the role of MIF in early adjuvant arthritis. METHODS: MIF was detected in rat synovium by immunohistochemistry and ...
Bucala R - - 1998
Recent studies have led to the discovery of a mediator that appears to act as an endogenous hormone to counterregulate glucocorticoid action within the immune system. Isolated as a product of anterior pituitary cells, the structure of this protein was found to be that of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF)--one ...
Zhou X - - 1998
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory-fibrotic response to accumulation of cholesterol in the artery wall. In hypercholesterolemia, low density lipoproteins (LDL) accumulate and are oxidized to proinflammatory compounds in the arterial intima, leading to activation of endothelial cells, macrophages, and T lymphocytes. We have studied immune cell activation and the autoimmune response ...
Liu-Wu Y - - 1998
There is evidence for the presence of lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) in oxidatively modified low density lipoprotein, human plasma and in atherosclerotic lesions. We studied the effect of lysoPC on the cytokine production by human monocytes. Among all the cytokines tested (IL-8, TNF alpha, MCP-1 and IL-1beta), we found that lysoPC most ...
Tesch G H - - 1998
Mesangial cells are thought to promote glomerular macrophage accumulation in glomerulonephritis. This may occur through the production of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a molecule known to regulate macrophage accumulation at sites of inflammation. To study this, glomerular MIF expression and macrophage accumulation were examined in rat anti-Thy-1 disease, a ...
Bernhagen J - - 1998
The classical T cell cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has reemerged recently as a critical mediator of the host immune and stress response. MIF has been found to be a mediator of several diseases including gram-negative septic shock and delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions. Its immunological functions include the modulation of ...
Martens J S - - 1998
Early atherosclerotic lesions are characterized by the presence of cholesterol-rich, macrophage-derived foam cells. It has recently been shown that macrophage proliferation occurs during the development of early lesions and that oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) stimulates macrophage growth. Possible mechanisms for this induction of macrophage growth include potentiation of mitogenic ...
Woenckhaus C - - 1998
Within blood vessels the accumulation of monocytes/macrophages at sites of modified lipoproteins is an important feature in atherosclerosis. Recently the presence of LDL and other proteins modified by hypochlorous acid (HOCl-LDL) was demonstrated in human atherosclerotic vessels and human inflammatory kidney disease by immunohistology and protein chemistry. Chemokines contribute to ...
Feingold K R - - 1998
Infection, inflammation and trauma induce marked changes in the plasma levels of a wide variety of proteins (acute phase response), and these changes are mediated by cytokines. The acute phase response is thought to be beneficial to the host. The host's response to injury also results in dramatic alterations in ...
Hakamata H - - 1998
Macrophage or macrophage-derived foam cell death is one of the characteristic events in the development of cell-poor lipid-rich cores of the advanced atherosclerotic plaques. Although the in vivo mechanism for the death of macrophages is unclear, one possible candidate for the agent which induces macrophage cell death is oxidized low ...
Oshiro S - - 1998
We previously demonstrated that cultured human fibroblasts internalize iron via transferrin-independent iron uptake (Tf-IU), redox, and receptor-mediated endocytosis uptake systems [Oshiro, S., Nakajima, H., Markello, T., Krasnewich, D., Bernardini, I., and Gahl, W.A. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 21586 21591]. Of these iron transport systems, the Tf-IU system is involved ...
Yun J K - - 1997
A hypoxic/anoxic microenvironment has been proposed to exist within a vascular lesion due to intimal or medial cell proliferation in vascular diseases. Here, we examined whether hypoxia alters macrophage function by exposing murine macrophage-like RAW 264.7 (RAW) cells to hypoxia (2% O2). When cells were exposed to hypoxia, a significant ...
Donnelly S C - - 1997
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was one of the first cytokines to be identified. In the early 1990s it was 'rediscovered' as a hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and counter-regulates the anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids. We now know that glucocorticoids stimulate the release of MIF from ...
Hajjar D P - - 1997
During the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, inflammatory cells such as the monocyte-derived macrophage accumulate in the vessel wall where they release cytokines. Initially, cytokines may assist in CE removal of lipoprotein-derived cholesterol/CE hydrolysis to clear intracellular lipid. When plasma levels of LDL become elevated, the vessel wall becomes lipid-engorged over time ...
Onodera S - - 1997
Exposure to foreign particles sometimes causes inflammatory reactions through production of cytokines and chemoattractants by phagocytic cells. In this study, we focused on macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) to evaluate its pathophysiological role in the phagocytic process. Immunohistochemical analysis of human pseudosynovial tissues retrieved at revision of total hip arthroplasty ...
Sulistiyani - - 1997
Evidence from numerous epidemiological and animal studies has shown a protective effect of estrogens on the development of atherosclerosis. Since not all of the beneficial effects of estrogen can be explained by alterations in plasma lipoprotein profiles, estrogens may have a direct effect on the arterial wall on one or ...
Matsuno R - - 1997
The effects of scavenger receptor (SR) ligands on nitric oxide (NO) production were investigated using mouse peritoneal macrophages stimulated by LPS. Pretreatment of macrophages with oxidized LDL, heparin, maleylated BSA, or liposomes composed of phosphatidylserine (PS-liposomes) inhibited NO production, but native LDL, acetyl LDL dextran sulfate, did not. Immunoblotting analysis ...
Wang G P - - 1997
The migration of monocytes into arterial subendothelial space is one of the earliest events in atherogenesis. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) is a potent monocyte chemoattractant. The purpose of this work was to examine whether oxidized low density lipoprotein (OX-LDL) and very low density lipoprotein (OX-VLDL) have any effect on ...
Cullen P - - 1997
Identification of genes expressed during foam cell formation is important for understanding the molecular basis of atherosclerosis. We used polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based differential display to isolate differentially expressed cDNA species in foam cells induced by incubation of human monocyte-derived macrophages in the presence of acetylated or oxidized LDL. This ...
Sakai M - - 1997
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors ameliorate atherosclerotic diseases in several models of vascular disease. This is largely due to their ability to reduce plasma cholesterol levels in vivo. Proliferation of cellular components is one of the major events in the development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. We recently demonstrated ...
Matsuda A - - 1997
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays an important regulatory role for the T-cell activation induced by mitogenic or antigenic stimuli. We examined expression of MIF in rat retina. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of a retinal tissue homogenate revealed that MIF mRNA was constitutively expressed. A single band specific for ...
Sugawa M - - 1997
Death induced by oxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDL) to embryonic CNS neuronal and neuroblastoma cells was investigated. Cell damage and viability were evaluated by LDH leakage and the MTT method, respectively. Dose- and time-dependent degeneration of neurons occurred after oxLDL (1-100 microg/ml) treatment but was absent after native low density ...
Kubo N - - 1997
In order to investigate the mechanisms how modified lipoproteins enhance foam cell formation, we cultured peripheral blood monocytes with various stimulants and examined the effects of aggregated low-density lipoprotein (agLDL) on cell viability and lipid metabolism. AgLDL could completely inhibit phorbol ester-induced apoptosis, which was accompanied by intracellular cholesterol accumulation. ...
Lan H Y - - 1997
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays a pivotal role in the inflammatory response in endotoxemia and in the delayed-type hypersensitivity response, but its potential as a regulator of immunologically induced disease is unknown. We have addressed this issue by administering a neutralizing anti-MIF antibody in a rat model of immunologically ...
Dimmeler S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Oxidized LDL (oxLDL) is believed to play a key role as a triggering molecule that causes injury to the endothelium as an early event in atherogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which oxLDL injures endothelial cells are entirely unknown. We speculate that oxLDL may activate a cellular suicide pathway that ...
Viora M - - 1997
Oxidized low density lipoproteins (ox-LDL) are known to behave as physiological pro-oxidants leading to the formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species. The presence of these altered lipoproteins in the human plasma has been associated with a number of morbid states, including atherosclerosis and immuno-deficiency. Common features of such pathological conditions ...
Colli S - - 1997
We examined the effect of fluvastatin, the first entirely synthetic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor that is structurally different from other vastatins, on tissue factor (TF) expression in human macrophages spontaneously differentiated in culture from blood monocytes. Fluvastatin decreased TF activity in a dose-dependent manner (1 to 5 mumol/L) in ...
Panzenboeck U - - 1997
To investigate the implications of endogenous LPL on selective uptake of HDL3-associated cholesteryl esters (HDL3-CEs) by mouse peritoneal macrophages (MPMs), we have performed uptake experiments with MPMs obtained from control mice and transgenic knockout animals expressing LPL exclusively in muscle but not in macrophages. The capacity for HDL3 holoparticle, total ...
Garner B - - 1997
The demonstration of lipid loaded macrophages in atherosclerotic tissue has led to the development of in vitro systems to elucidate the mechanisms involved in lipid accumulation. Here we have characterised the changes which occur in human monocyte-derived macrophage (MDM) lipids during culture in either human serum (HS) or foetal calf ...
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