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Sugimoto Jun J Department of Reproductive Biology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2012
MgSO(4) exposure before preterm birth is neuroprotective, reducing the risk of cerebral palsy and major motor dysfunction. Neonatal inflammatory cytokine levels correlate with neurologic outcome, leading us to assess the effect of MgSO(4) on cytokine production in humans. We found reduced maternal TNF-α and IL-6 production following in vivo MgSO(4) ...
Zhang Yiying - - 2012
The inhalation anesthetic isoflurane has been shown to open the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) and induce caspase activation and apoptosis, which may lead to learning and memory impairment. Cyclosporine A, a blocker of mPTP opening might attenuate the isoflurane-induced mPTP opening, lessening its ripple effects. Magnesium and anesthetic propofol ...
Nadtochiy Sergiy M - - 2012
Electrophilic nitrated lipids (nitroalkenes) are emerging as an important class of protective cardiovascular signaling molecules. Although species such as nitro-linoleate (LNO(2)) and nitro-oleate can confer acute protection against cardiac ischemic injury, their mechanism of action is unclear. Mild uncoupling of mitochondria is known to be cardioprotective, and adenine nucleotide translocase ...
Kobashigawa Shinko - - 2011
Ionizing radiation is known to increase intracellular level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through mitochondrial dysfunction. Although it has been as a basis of radiation-induced genetic instability, the mechanism involving mitochondrial dysfunction remains unclear. Here we studied the dynamics of mitochondrial structure in normal human fibroblast like cells exposed to ...
Janssen William J - - 2011
During acute lung injury (ALI) the macrophage pool expands markedly as inflammatory monocytes migrate from the circulation to the airspaces. As inflammation resolves, macrophage numbers return to preinjury levels and normal tissue structure and function are restored. To determine the fate of resident and recruited macrophages during the resolution of ...
Niehus Sebastian - - 2011
Toxoplasma gondii glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) bind to galectin-3 to induce TNF-α production in macrophages via Toll-like receptors 2 and 4. Here we show that T. gondii GPIs stimulate human macrophages to synthesize matrix metalloproteinase-9 in a TNF-α-dependent pathway and degrade extracellular galectin-3.
Thakkar Rajan K - - 2011
Indirect acute lung injury (ALI) is a common manifestation in critically ill patients. Using a model of indirect ALI in mice, our laboratory has shown that local/pulmonary inhibition of extrinsic death receptor protein (Fas) leads to a decrease in lung inflammation and improved survival. However, it is unknown if local, ...
Hoth J Jason - - 2011
Blunt chest trauma resulting in pulmonary contusion is a common but poorly understood injury. We previously demonstrated that lung contusion activates localized and systemic innate immune mechanisms and recruits neutrophils to the injured lung. We hypothesized that the innate immune and inflammatory activation of neutrophils may figure prominently in the ...
Carnesecchi Stephanie - - 2011
The pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis is linked to oxidative stress, possibly generated by the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generating NADPH oxidase NOX4. Epithelial cell death is a crucial early step in the development of the disease, followed only later by the fibrotic stage. We demonstrate that in lungs of patients ...
Duarte Filipe V - - 2011
Environmental pollutants, such as dioxins and furans, are extremely toxic and related with pulmonary diseases development. Impairment of mitochondrial function has been shown in pollutant-induced hepatic injury, but it has not been addressed in lungs, even though lung mitochondria are primary cellular targets for pollutants-induced toxicity. In isolated lung mitochondria, ...
Adi-Bessalem Sonia - - 2011
Release and activation of pro-inflammatory mediators are among the most important induced factors that are involved in the scorpion envenomation pathogenesis. Inflammatory response and lung reactivity were studied in mice following subcutaneous injection with Androctonus australis hector (Aah) venom. Venom immunodetection in lungs and sequestered cell population in the airways ...
Xu You-Nian - - 2011
Background: The immune system plays a key role in protecting the organism from infection. Timely resolution of the inflammatory response to infection plays a vital role in returning homeostasis and maintaining normal organ function. Angiopoietin1 prevents endothelial activation, part of the inflammatory response to a pathogen, and has an anti-inflammatory ...
Evans Scott E - - 2011
Epithelial surfaces throughout the body continuously sample and respond to environmental stimuli. The accessibility of lung epithelium to inhaled therapies makes it possible to stimulate local antimicrobial defences with aerosolized innate immune ligands. This strategy has been shown to be effective in preclinical models, as delivery of innate immune ligands ...
An Li - - 2011
Mechanical ventilation is an indispensable life-support modality for critically ill patients with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome. Unfortunately, mechanical ventilation even the protective ventilation strategies may evoke ventilator-induced lung injury. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has recently exhibited anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties in vitro and in vivo. The effect ...
Ismaiel N M - - 2011
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are associated with impaired gas exchange, severe inflammation and alveolar damage including cell death. Patients with ALI or ARDS typically experience respiratory failure and thus require mechanical ventilation for support, which itself can aggravate lung injury. Recent developments in this ...
Vergadi Eleni - - 2011
Lung inflammation precedes the development of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH); however, its role in the pathogenesis of HPH is poorly understood. We sought to characterize the hypoxic inflammatory response and to elucidate its role in the development of HPH. We also aimed to investigate the mechanisms by which heme oxygenase-1, ...
Bai Li - - 2011
Recent evidence suggests that TGF-β1 has a dual role in regulating cell response to Fas/Fas ligand (FasL)-induced apoptosis. TGF-β1 may play a positive or negative role on cell sensitivity to apoptosis via Fas/FasL system, depending on cell types and their specific environment. TGF-β1 and the Fas/FasL system are also involved ...
Dorr Anthony D - - 2011
Elevated soluble tumor necrosis factor-α receptor (sTNFR) levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) are associated with poor patient outcome in acute lung injury (ALI). The mechanisms underlying these increases are unknown, but it is possible that pulmonary inflammation and increased alveolar epithelial permeability may individually contribute. We investigated mechanisms of ...
Zhang Zi-Qiang - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Aquaporin (AQP) is a membrane protein that facilitates osmotic water transport. Aquaporin 5 (AQP5) expresses at type I alveolar epithelia of apical membrane that confers high osmotic water permeability. Osmosis or stretch challenge in alveoli significantly up-regulates AQP5 expression, which suggests that AQP5 may play a role in the ...
Park Gye Young - - 2011
This is the editorial for following three paper which will be published in upcoming AJP-lung. 1. Henno P, Boitiaux J, Douvry B, Cazes A, Levy M, Devillier P, Delclaux C, Israel-Biet D. Tobacco-assoicated pulmonary vascular dysfunction in smokers: role of the ET-1 pathway. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol Physiol ...
Shao Zhifei - - 2011
Migration to draining lymph nodes is a critical requirement for dendritic cells (DCs) to control T-cell-mediated immunity. The calcium-activated potassium channel KCa3.1 has been shown to be involved in regulating cell migration in multiple cell types. In this study, KCa3.1 expression and its functional role in lung DC migration were ...
Yao Hong-Yi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Rac small GTPases play important roles in cytoskeleton and many cell functions including cell cycle, cell growth, cell adhesion and gene transcription. Here, we investigated the roles of Rac including Rac1 and Rac2 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary injury. METHODS: After LPS was intratracheally instilled to lungs in mice, Rac, ...
Duggan Jeffrey M - - 2011
Infectious pneumonias exact an unacceptable mortality burden worldwide. Efforts to protect populations from pneumonia have focused historically on antibiotic development and vaccine-enhanced adaptive immunity. However, we have reported recently that the lungs' innate defenses can be induced therapeutically by inhalation of a bacterial lysate that protects mice against otherwise lethal ...
Rehan Virender K - - 2011
The underlying mechanisms and effector molecules involved in mediating in utero smoke exposure-induced effects on the developing lung are only beginning to be understood. However, the effects of a newly discovered category of smoke, i.e., thirdhand smoke (THS), on the developing lung are completely unknown. We hypothesized that, in addition ...
Huang Chien-Sheng - - 2011
We recently demonstrated the inhalation of hydrogen gas, a novel medical therapeutic gas, ameliorates ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI); however, the molecular mechanisms by which hydrogen ameliorates VILI remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated whether inhaled hydrogen gas modulates the nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB) signaling pathway. VILI was generated in male C57BL6 ...
El-Agamy Dina S - - 2011
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the new tyrosine kinase inhibitor, nilotinib on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats and explore its possible mechanisms. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given nilotinib (10mg/kg) by oral gavage twice daily for one week prior to exposure to aerosolized LPS. ...
Yamada Mitsuhiro - - 2011
Inflammatory stimuli, such as a microbes or lipopolysaccharides, induce a rapid release of neutrophils from the bone marrow and promote neutrophil migration into inflamed sites to promote host defense. However, an excess accumulation and retention of neutrophils in inflamed tissue can cause severe tissue injuries in the later stages of ...
Mittal Neha - - 2011
Surfactant plays an important role in lung homeostasis and is also involved in maintaining innate immunity within the lung. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is known to elicit acute proinflammatory responses in lung diseases such as acute respiratory distress syndrome and is responsible for the expression of the inducible isoform of nitric oxide ...
Tajima Ken - - 2011
Background: The lung is one of the sites of granulomatous responses, which are characterized by the recruitment and organization of activated macrophages and lymphocytes. There have been several reports that have shown that some pulmonary granulomatous diseases, such as sarcoidosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial disease, are likely to be characterized by ...
Ryter Stefan W - - 2011
Autophagy, a cellular program for organelle and protein turnover, represents primarily a cell survival mechanism. However, the role of autophagy in the regulation of apoptosis remains unclear. We have observed increases in morphological and biochemical indicators of autophagy in human lung from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Furthermore, ...
Braber Saskia - - 2011
Neutrophils are innate immune cells in chronic inflammatory diseases including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and can be attracted to the site of inflammation via the collagen breakdown product N-acetyl Proline-Glycine-Proline (N-Ac-PGP). To elucidate whether CXCR2 is involved in N-Ac-PGP-induced neutrophil migration and activation, studies using specific antagonists were performed ...
Chan Shu-Ting - - 2011
In vitro studies have shown that quercetin modulates the effects of β-carotene induced by stimulants. Whether these reactions happen in vivo, however, is unclear. Thus, we investigated whether quercetin supplementation suppresses the harmful effects of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) alone or combined with β-carotene in the lungs of Mongolian gerbils. The gerbils ...
Martinu Tereza - - 2011
Pulmonary graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) and allograft rejection after lung transplant are parallel immunologic processes that lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Our murine model of pulmonary GVHD after inhaled lipopolysaccharide (LPS) suggests that innate immune activation potentiates pulmonary transplant-related alloimmunity. We hypothesized that the chemokine ...
Demoor Tine - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is mainly triggered by cigarette smoke (CS) and progresses even after smoking cessation. CS induces an exaggerated influx of inflammatory cells to the bronchoalveolar space and lung parenchyma, likely resulting from a complex interplay between chemoattractants and their respective receptors. In a murine CS model of ...
Bozyk Paul D - - 2011
Prostaglandin (PG)E(2) is a bioactive eicosanoid that regulates many biologically important processes in part due to its ability to signal through four distinct G-protein-coupled receptors with differential signaling activity and unique expression patterns in different cell types. Although PGE(2) has been linked to malignancy in many organs, it is believed ...
Takezawa Ken - - 2011
PURPOSE: EML4-ALK was recently identified as a transforming fusion gene in non-small cell lung cancer. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the mechanism of malignant transformation by EML4-ALK.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We established NIH 3T3 cells that stably express variant 1 or 3 of EML4-ALK and examined the signaling ...
Chen Lee-Wei - - 2011
The influence of the gut-lung axis on the lung immunity while appreciate, remains undefined mechanically. This study was designed to investigate whether commensal microflora in gut increase host defense against subsequent pneumonia through TLR signaling, and if oral TLR4 ligand supplementation enhances lung defense against bacterial challenge. We found that ...
Wygrecka Malgorzata - - 2011
Activation of the coagulation cascade has been demonstrated in pulmonary fibrosis. In addition to its procoagulant function, various coagulation proteases exhibit cellular effects that may also contribute to fibrotic processes in the lung. To investigate the importance of protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2 and its activators, coagulation factor VIIa (FVIIa)/tissue factor (TF), ...
Bodas Manish - - 2011
Apoptosis of lung epithelial and endothelial cells by exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) severely damages the lung tissue, leading to the pathogenesis of emphysema, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We have recently established a direct correlation between decreased lipid raft CFTR expression and emphysema progression through increased ceramide ...
Ahamed Maqusood - - 2011
Nickel nanoparticle (Ni NP) is increasingly used in modern industries such as catalysts, sensors and electronic applications. Due to wide-spread industrial applications the inhalation is the primary source of exposure to Ni NPs. However, data demonstrating the effect of Ni NPs on the pulmonary system remain scarce. The present study ...
Roda E - - 2011
Increasing interest in safety evaluation of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has risen in relation to their wide applications, together with the evidence of their cytotoxic effects. It has been shown that chemical functionalization extends the applications of CNTs, conferring them new functions that cannot otherwise be acquired by pristine CNTs, but ...
Burgel P-R - - 2011
This review is the summary of a workshop on the role of distal airways in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which took place in 2009 in Vence, France. The evidence showing inflammation and remodelling in distal airways and the possible involvement of these in the pathobiology, physiology, clinical manifestations and ...
Caramori G - - 2011
In the last quarter of century, the analysis of small airways specimens obtained from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients compared with those from a control group of age-matched smokers with normal lung function has provided novel insights on the potential role of the different inflammatory and structural cells, pro/anti-inflammatory ...
Eisele Nicholas A - - 2011
Pulmonary infection by Yersinia pestis causes pneumonic plague, a necrotic bronchopneumonia that is rapidly lethal and highly contagious. Acute pneumonic plague accompanies the up-regulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, suggesting that the host innate immune response may contribute to the development of disease. To address this possibility, we sought to ...
Farina Francesca F Department of Experimental Medicine, POLARIS Research Center, University of Milano-Bicocca, 48 via Cadore, Monza 20052, - - 2011
The toxicity of size-fractionated particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) collected in Milano during two different seasons (summer and winter) has been evaluated in vivo. The focus is on time related (3 h, 24 h and 1 week) lung response following a single intratracheal aerosolization in BALB/c mice. The bronchoalveolar lavage ...
Rand Thomas G - - 2011
The inflammatory potential and molecular mechanisms underscoring inflammatory responses of lung cells to compounds from fungi that grow on damp building materials is poorly understood in vitro. In this study we evaluated the effect of pure fungal compounds on potentiating acute inflammatory response in primary mouse alveolar macrophages (AMs) and ...
Secher T - - 2011
Objectives To investigate the in vivo efficacy in a murine pulmonary infection model of panobacumab (KBPA101), a human IgM monoclonal antibody directed against the O-polysaccharide moiety of Pseudomonas aeruginosa serotype O11, and to describe the anti-inflammatory effects in the lung as a consequence of the treatment. Methods We established an ...
Zhao-Sheng Bao - - 2011
Epidemiologic studies have associated higher dietary consumption of soy isoflavones with decreased self-report of cough and allergic respiratory symptoms, but the pharmacodynamic effects of soy isoflavone on asthmatic model have not been well-described. Here, we hypothesized that soy isoflavone may have potential effects on airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation and airway remodeling ...
Liu Fangwei - - 2011
1,3-β-Glucan was a major cell wall component of fungus. The existing studies showed that 1,3-β-glucan exposure could induce lung inflammation that involved both Th1 and Th2 cytokines. Regulatory T cells (Treg cells) played a critical role in regulating immune homeostasis by adjusting the Th1/Th2 balance. The role of Treg cells ...
Yin H - - 2011
Acute lung injury is characterized by a diffuse inflammatory parenchymal process, implicated in the context of significant morbidity and mortality. Previously, we have reported that soluble ST2 (sST2), a member of the Toll-interleukin (IL)-1 receptor (TIR) superfamily, represses proinflammatory cytokine production of macrophage exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In this study, ...
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