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Zhang Laiqun L Department of Pathology, Carver College of Medicine, the University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, United - - 2014
The death receptor (DR) ligand TRAIL is being evaluated in clinical trials as an anti-cancer agent; however, many studies have found that TRAIL also enhances tumor progression by activating the NF-κB pathway in apoptosis-resistant cells. Although RIP1, cFLIP and caspase-8 have been implicated in TRAIL-induced JNK and NF-κB activation, underlying ...
Dassouki Zeina Z Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, - - 2014
The HTLV-1 Tax transactivator initiates transformation in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), a highly aggressive chemotherapy-resistant malignancy. The arsenic/interferon combination, which triggers degradation of the Tax oncoprotein, selectively induces apoptosis of ATL cell lines and has significant clinical activity in Tax-driven murine ATL or patients. Yet, the role of Tax loss ...
Chang Chien-Hsing CH a Immunomedics, Inc. , Morris Plains , NJ - - 2014
Abstract Epratuzumab has demonstrated therapeutic activity in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, systemic lupus erythematosus, and Sjögren's syndrome, but its mechanism of affecting normal and malignant B cells remains incompletely understood. We reported previously that epratuzumab displayed in vitro cytotoxicity to CD22-expressing Burkitt lymphoma cell lines (Daudi and ...
Jackson Shawn S SS McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Oncology; Medical Scientist Training Program; Cellular and Molecular Biology - - 2014
The NF-κB family of transcription factors regulates numerous cellular processes, including cell proliferation and survival responses. The constitutive activation of NF-κB has also emerged as an important oncogenic driver in many malignancies, such as activated B-cell like diffuse large B cell lymphoma, among others. In this study, we investigated the ...
Aronin Alexandra - - 2014
Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) account for 4% of all malignancies. 5-year survival rate increased to 50% with new treatment modalities, however there is need for new effective treatment for the more aggressive, relapsing forms. Recently, CTLA4-FasL, that can bind to B7 and Fas receptor (Fas), was shown to induce robust apoptosis ...
Gan Maozhou M Department of Hematology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Chengdu, - - 2014
This research designed to explore the antitumor activity of puerarin against human mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Cell proliferation and apoptosis were assessed by MTS and flow cytometry. Caspase-3, -8, and -9 activities were assessed with the colorimetric caspase protease assay. Apoptotic proteins like PARP, cyclin D1, Bcl-2 family, XIAP, and ...
Hui Kwai Fung KF Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, SAR, - - 2014
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent proteins exert anti-apoptotic effects on EBV-transformed lymphoid cells by down-regulating BCL2L11 (BIM), CDKN2A (p16(INK4A) ) and CDKN1A (p21(WAF1) ). However, the potential therapeutic effects of targeting these anti-apoptotic mechanisms remain unexplored. Here, we tested both in vitro and in vivo effects of the combination of histone ...
Shan Shannon J C SJ Wilmer Eye Institute (SJCS), The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; and Kellogg Eye Center (RSD), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
: The pathophysiology of thyroid eye disease (TED) is complex and incompletely understood. Orbital fibroblasts (OFs) seem to be the key effector cells that are responsible for the characteristic soft tissue enlargement seen in TED. They express potentially pathogenic autoantigens, such as thyrotropin receptor and insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor. An ...
Henderson Amanda D AD Department of Ophthalmology, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, Georgia, - - 2014
Ipilimumab is a monoclonal antibody to cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4, a negative regulator of T-cell-mediated immune response. Ipilimumab is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of advanced melanoma. However, its use frequently has been associated with immune-related side effects, which can be explained by its mechanism ...
Rehm Armin A 1] Department of Hematology, Oncology and Tumorimmunology, Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine, MDC, 13125 Berlin, Germany [2] Department of Hematology and Oncology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, 13353 Berlin, - - 2014
The capacity of dendritic cells (DCs) to regulate tumour-specific adaptive immune responses depends on their proper differentiation and homing status. Whereas DC-associated tumour-promoting functions are linked to T-cell tolerance and formation of an inflammatory milieu, DC-mediated direct effects on tumour growth have remained unexplored. Here we show that deletion of ...
Yamamoto Mitsuko L ML Department of Pathology, Environmental Health and Radiation Oncology, University of California, Los Angeles, Schools of Medicine and Public Health, 10833 Le Conte Ave, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2014
The intestinal microbiota and gut immune system must constantly communicate to maintain a balance between tolerance and activation: on the one hand, our immune system should protect us from pathogenic microbes and on the other hand, most of the millions of microbes in and on our body are innocuous symbionts ...
Liao F F Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, - - 2014
Chronic Helicobacter pylori-stimulated immune reactions determine the pathogenesis of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. We aimed to explore the genetic predisposition to this lymphoma and its clinical implication. A total of 68 patients and 140 unrelated controls were genotyped for 84 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in genes encoding cytokines, chemokines and ...
Tudor Christiane Silke CS Department of Nephropathology, Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, 91054 Erlangen, - - 2014
The inflammatory infiltrate plays a pivotal role in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). Here, we focussed on the role of macrophages (MΦ) and dendritic cells (DC). MΦ and DC infiltration was investigated in 106 cHL specimens using immunohistochemistry and cytokine expression was analyzed in a subset by real-time PCR. Human peripheral ...
Johnson K T M - - 2013
Over the past decade a number of murine models of Graves' disease (GD) have been described. The full symptom complex, including typical orbital changes, however, could not yet be induced. In this report, we examined the influence of modified immunization protocols on orbital pathology. C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice were immunized ...
Li Hong - - 2012
Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO), an autoimmune disease, has been demonstrated to result from an increased volume of orbital contents, including adipose, connective and extraocular muscle tissues. In our previous study, we showed that Pingmu decoction is capable of alleviating GO progression. In this study, to further investigate the underlying mechanism(s), we ...
Nweze Ikenna C - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) regulation during shock and sepsis is complex. NO production by endothelial NO synthase maintains microvascular perfusion and prevents shock-induced organ injury. However, the overproduction of NO by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) contributes to liver dysfunction after shock and is associated with increased tissue damage and mortality. Estrogen ...
Breshears Laura M - - 2012
Staphylococcal superantigens (SAgs), such as toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), are the main cause of toxic shock syndrome (TSS). SAgs deregulate the host immune system after penetrating epithelial barriers such as the vaginal mucosa. In response to TSST-1, human vaginal epithelial cells (HVECs) produce cytokines and undergo morphological changes. The ...
Zhao Zhe - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The goal for treating osteoarthritis (OA) is finding ways to decrease joint pain and dysfunction and prevent and slow the cartilage degeneration. Extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT) has been found to improve motor dysfunction and ameliorate pain with OA in animals. However, few studies have found that it can prevent ...
Prondzinsky R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The IABP SHOCK trial was designed as a morbidity-based randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of intraaortic balloon pulsation (IABP) in patients with infarct-related cardiogenic shock (CS). The primary endpoint was the change in the APACHE II score over a 4-day period. The prospective hypothesis was that adding ...
Jiang Li-Na - - 2012
Sepsis is denoted as a complex syndrome that results from a serious infection followed by amplified and dysregulated inflammatory response. The complex immune response associated with sepsis results in a high rate of morbidity and mortality, despite substantial basic science and clinical advances. Recently, accumulating evidence have demonstrated that regulatory ...
Takahashi Akari - - 2012
Focal inflammation causes systemic fever. Cancer hyperthermia therapy results in shrinkage of tumors by various mechanisms, including induction of adaptive immune response. However, the physiological meaning of systemic fever and mechanisms of tumor shrinkage by hyperthermia have not been completely understood. In this study, we investigated how heat shock influences ...
Kotsaki Antigone - - 2012
Despite improvement in medical care, severe sepsis and septic shock remain an unmet medical need. Their incidence is steadily increasing and the worldwide mortality ranges between 30% and 50%. This generates the need for agents that modulate the immune function of the host. Available agents can be divided into three ...
Tang Ting - - 2012
As important molecular chaperones, members of the 70-kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) family play essential roles in stress tolerance and innate immunity in organisms. The full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) of a novel inducible HSP70, named as MdHSP70, was isolated from Musca domestica. The cDNA clone consisted of 2411 bp with ...
Pfeifer Roman - - 2012
Interleukin-10 is known to modulate the systemic inflammatory response after trauma. This study investigates differences in the systemic and end-organ inflammation in animals treated with either inhalative or systemic IL-10 after experimental hemorrhagic shock (HS). Pressure controlled HS was performed in C57/BL6 mice for 1.5h (6 animals per group). Inhalative ...
Dauwalder Olivier - - 2012
Toxic Shock Syndromes (TSS) and Septic Shock (SS) share many clinical signs of an exacerbated inflammatory response. In this report, we investigated whether TSS presents similar features of delayed immunosuppression as described in SS. Five children with TSS from pediatric intensive care units in a university hospital were monitored. TSS ...
Jin Se-Eun - - 2012
Context: Chitin is the polysaccharide and is found in insects, parasites and fungi. Chitin has shown various immunological effects in in vivo and in vitro models. In this study, crystallinity controlled N-acetyl glucosamine (CCG) which has a high solubility was prepared from the low molecular weight chitosan. However, the effect ...
Saha Dhanonjoy C - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The effects of acute and prior exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) on superoxide release by monocytes were examined in normal subjects and in patients with sepsis and septic shock during the acute stage and recovery. High doses of LPS, PMA and SEB stimulated monocyte superoxide ...
Sanjuán Szklarz Luiza K LK Dulbecco-Telethon Institute, Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine, Padova, - - 2012
The mitochondria-shaping protein optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) has genetically distinguishable roles in mitochondrial morphology and apoptosis. The latter depends on the presenilin associated rhomboid like (PARL) protease, essential for the accumulation of a soluble intermembrane space form of OPA1 (IMS-OPA1). Here we show that OPA1 and PARL participate in the ...
Gong Jie - - 2012
The main pathogenesis of acute lung injury induced by hemorrhagic shock is increasingly recognized as an inflammatory process. BML-111, a lipoxin receptor agonist, has been demonstrated to promote acute inflammatory resolution by reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, attenuation of neutrophilic infiltration, and increasing macrophage phagocytosis of apoptotic neutrophils. Meanwhile, lipoxins and ...
Di Paola Rosanna - - 2012
Our primary aim in this study was to test the hypothesis that PEA, a member of the fatty acid ethanolamide family and an endogenous PPAR-α ligand, exerts anti-inflammatory effects on SAO shock, causing a severe form of circulatory shock and enhanced formation of ROS. SAO shock was induced by clamping ...
Afrazi Amin A Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, - - 2012
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the leading cause of gastrointestinal-related mortality in premature infants, and it develops under conditions of exaggerated TLR4 signaling in the newborn intestinal epithelium. Because NEC does not develop spontaneously, despite the presence of seemingly tonic stimulation of intestinal TLR4, we hypothesized that mechanisms must exist to ...
Zhang Lei - - 2012
Heat shock proteins have been reported to stimulate the immune system via innate receptors. Our study found that the novel immunopotentiator, Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), enhanced protective immunity elicited by E. tenella antigen microneme protein 2 (EtMIC2) against avian coccidiosis. It demonstrated that the expression ...
Zheng Yuejuan - - 2012
Sepsis and its derivative endotoxic shock are still serious conditions with high mortality in the intensive care unit. The mechanisms that ensure the balance of proinflammatory cytokines and anti-inflammatory cytokine production are of particular importance. As an active α- and β-adrenergic agonist, ephedrine hydrochloride (EH) is a widely used agent ...
Chen Na - - 2012
Schisandrin B (Sch B) is the most abundant, active dibenzocyclooctadiene derivative isolated from the fruit of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz) Baillon (Schisandraceae). (-)Sch B was found to be the most potent stereoisomer of Sch B in producing cytoprotective action in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. The elucidation of biochemical mechanism underlying the cytoprotection of ...
Yanpallewar Sudhirkumar U - - 2012
The molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of electroconvulsive shock (ECS) therapy, a fast-acting and very effective antidepressant therapy, are poorly understood. Changes related to neuroplasticity, including enhanced adult hippocampal neurogenesis and neuronal arborization, are believed to play an important role in mediating the effects of ECS. Here we show a ...
Novak Ivana - - 2012
Mitochondrial dynamics and turnover are crucial for cellular homeostasis and differentiation. The removal of damaged mitochondria that could contribute to cellular dysfunction or death is achieved through the process of mitochondrial autophagy, i.e., mitophagy. Moreover, mitophagy is responsible for removal of mitochondria during terminal differentiation of red blood cells and ...
Lemaire Irma - - 2012
Cell fusion into multinucleated giant cells (MGC) is an essential process that contributes to many important biological mechanisms in mammalians. In the bone and immune system, macrophages are endowed with a remarkable potential for cell fusion events as evidenced by their propensity to fuse with other cells and between themselves ...
de Azevedo M S P - - 2012
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are an attractive and safe alternative for the expression of heterologous proteins, as they are nonpathogenic and endotoxin-free organisms. Lactococcus lactis, the LAB model organism, has been extensively employed in the biotechnology field for large-scale production of heterologous proteins, and its use as a "cell factory" ...
Bleiblo Farag - - 2012
Sepsis and its associated syndromes represent the systemic host response to severe infection and is manifested by varying degrees of hypotension, coagulopathy, and multiorgan dysfunction. Despite great efforts being made to understand this condition and designing therapies to treat sepsis, mortality rates are still high in septic patients. Characterization of ...
Chafekar Sidhartha M - - 2012
The molecular mechanisms by which polyglutamine (polyQ)-expanded huntingtin (Htt) causes neurodegeneration in Huntington's disease (HD) remain unclear. The malfunction of cellular proteostasis has been suggested as central in HD pathogenesis and also as a target of therapeutic interventions for the treatment of HD. We present results that offer a previously ...
Linkermann Andreas - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) signaling may result in survival, apoptosis or programmed necrosis. The latter is called necroptosis if the receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) inhibitor necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) or genetic knockout of RIP3 prevents it. In the lethal mouse model of TNFα-mediated shock, addition of the pan-caspase inhibitor zVAD-fmk (zVAD) ...
Hawksworth Jason S - - 2012
The inflammatory response to severe traumatic injury results in significant morbidity and mortality. Lymphocytes have recently been identified as critical mediators of the early innate immune response to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Experimental manipulation of lymphocytes following hemorrhagic shock may prevent secondary immunologic injury in surgical and trauma patients. The objective of ...
Kim B-R - - 2012
Carbonic anhydrase IX (CA9), a specific molecular marker for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), serves as a potential target for RCC-specific immunotherapy using dendritic cells (DCs). However, pulsing of DCs with CA9 alone is not sufficient for generation of a therapeutic anti-tumour immune response against RCC. In this study, in order ...
Aronoff David M - - 2012
Prostaglandins are important mediators and modulators of the inflammatory response to infection. The prostaglandins participate in the pathogenesis of hemodynamic collapse, organ failure, and overwhelming inflammation that characterize severe sepsis and shock. In light of this, cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibiting pharmacological agents have been extensively studied for their capacity to ameliorate ...
Lee Chen-Ting - - 2012
Macrophages function both under normothermia and during periods of body temperature elevation (fever). Whether macrophages sense and respond to thermal signals in a manner which regulates their function in a specific manner is still not clear. In this brief review, we highlight recent studies which have analyzed the effects of ...
Abumaree M H - - 2011
The outer layer of the human placenta is the multinucleated syncytiotrophoblast. The syncytiotrophoblast is formed by the fusion of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts, and aged syncytiotrophoblast nuclei are extruded into the maternal blood as membrane-enclosed "syncytial nuclear aggregates" that are then eliminated from the maternal circulation. Apoptosis proteins are hypothesized to be ...
Kim Hyungsoo H Signal Transduction Program, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2011
Defining the mechanisms underlying the control of mitochondrial fusion and fission is critical to understanding cellular adaptation to diverse physiological conditions. Here we demonstrate that hypoxia induces fission of mitochondrial membranes, dependent on availability of the mitochondrial scaffolding protein AKAP121. AKAP121 controls mitochondria dynamics through PKA-dependent inhibitory phosphorylation of Drp1 ...
Kim Yong-Gil - - 2011
We previously reported that interleukin-32 gamma (IL-32γ) has a direct effect on osteoclast differentiation and activation in vitro in the context of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) co-stimulation. However, the stage of osteoclast differentiation at which IL-32γ exerts its effect was not determined. Here, we demonstrated that IL-32γ plays ...
Yang Rj - - 2011
The Fas antigen is a transmembrane receptor that can trigger apoptosis in a variety of somatic cells. Ovarian follicular atresia and luteolysis are thought to occur by apoptosis. To reveal the intracellular signal transduction molecules involved in the process of follicular development in the bovine ovary, Fas gene without the ...
Huang Ying - - 2011
Autophagy is a highly conserved, closely regulated homeostatic cellular activity that allows for the bulk degradation of long-lived proteins and cytoplasmic organelles. Its roles in cancer initiation and progression and in determining the response of tumor cells to anticancer therapy are complicated, and only limited investigation has been conducted on ...
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