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Pawar Rahul D RD The Divisions of Rheumatology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY; The Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, - - 2014
Kidney disease is one of the leading causes of death in patients with lupus and other autoimmune diseases affecting the kidney, and is associated with deposition of antibodies as well as infiltration of T lymphocytes and macrophages which are responsible for initiation and/or exacerbation of inflammation and tissue injury. Current ...
Chromek Milan M Paediatric Nephrology Unit, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, B57, SE-14186, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
The balance between the human body and surrounding microorganisms is crucial for homeostasis and health. A disturbance in host-pathogen interactions causes disease. Two important diseases of the kidney and urinary tract are directly caused by bacteria or bacterial toxins: urinary tract infection (UTI) and diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). In ...
Kim Jinu J Jeju National - - 2014
The pathophysiological events that lead to renal interstitial fibrogenesis are incompletely understood. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET), an arachidonic acid metabolite, has anti-inflammatory and profibrinolytic functions. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) converts EET to active dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid. Here, we tested the hypothesis that sEH deficiency would prevent tubulointerstitial fibrosis and inflammation induced by ...
Ozkok Abdullah A Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado at Denver, P.O. Box C281, 12700 East 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80262, - - 2014
Cisplatin and other platinum derivatives are the most widely used chemotherapeutic agents to treat solid tumors including ovarian, head and neck, and testicular germ cell tumors. A known complication of cisplatin administration is acute kidney injury (AKI). The nephrotoxic effect of cisplatin is cumulative and dose-dependent and often necessitates dose ...
Bähler Martin - - 2011
Mammals contain two class IX myosins, Myo9a and Myo9b. They are actin-based motorized signalling molecules that negatively regulate RhoA signalling. Myo9a has been implicated in the regulation of epithelial cell morphology and differentiation, whereas Myo9b has been shown to play an important role in the regulation of macrophage shape and ...
Maravillas-Montero José L - - 2011
Myosins comprise a family of ATP-dependent motor proteins that are best known for their role in muscle contraction and their involvement in a wide range of other eukaryotic motility processes. Recent phylogenetic analysis places myosins into 35 highly diverse classes. Although these actin-based molecular motors have been characterized extensively, and ...
Mito Sayaka - - 2011
Abstract Curcumin is used anecdotally as an herb in traditional Indian and Chinese medicine. In the present study, the effects and possible mechanism of curcumin in experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) rats were further investigated. They were divided randomly into a treatment or vehicle group and orally administrated curcumin (50 mg/kg/day) ...
Fernandez Maria-Isabel - - 2011
Dendritic cells (DCs) need to migrate in the interstitial environment of peripheral tissues to reach secondary lymphoid organs and initiate a suitable immune response. Whether and how inflamed tissues instruct DCs to emigrate is not fully understood. In this study, we report the unexpected finding that the epithelial-derived cytokine TSLP ...
Jin Wei - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: In our previous studies, antioxidant transcription factor, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway has been shown to play an important role in protecting traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). This study was designed to explore whether recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) administration modulates pulmonary Nrf2 ...
Dandrieux Julien R S - - 2011
A 7 mo old female English springer spaniel was presented with diarrhea, vomiting, apathy, and hyperthermia. Further examinations revealed generalized lymphadenomegaly consistent with sterile neutrophilic-macrophagic lymphadenitis and pulmonary involvement. Subcutaneous nodules developed one day after presentation. Histology was consistent with sterile idiopathic nodular panniculitis and vasculitis. No infectious organism was ...
Kishi J - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology. We identified immunological targets for the treatment of pulmonary granulomatosis using a murine model generated with Propionibacterium acnes. Sensitisation and challenge using heat-killed P. acnes and dendritic cells (DCs) were performed to produce pulmonary granulomatosis in C57BL/6 mice. Immunological analyses using ELISA ...
Li Hui-Hua - - 2011
S-nitrosoalbumin (SNO-Alb) has been shown to be an efficacious cytoprotective molecule in acute lung injury, as well as ischemia-reperfusion injury in heart and skeletal muscle. Nonetheless, limited information is available on the cellular mechanism of such protection. Accordingly, we investigated the protective effects of SNO-Alb [ and its denitrosated congener, ...
Thambiayya Kalidasan - - 2011
A role in signal transduction for a vanishingly small labile pool of intracellular zinc ([Zn](i)) has been inferred by the sensitivity of various physiological pathways to zinc chelators such as N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) and/or associations with changes in nonprotein-bound zinc-sensitive fluorophores. Although we (44) reported that LPS-induced apoptosis in cultured sheep ...
Inoue Ken-Ichiro - - 2011
Although the adverse health effects of nanoparticles have been proposed and are being clarified, their aggravating effects on pre-existing pathological conditions have not been fully investigated. In this review, we provide insights into the immunotoxicity of both airborne and engineered nanoparticles as an exacerbating factor on hypersusceptible subjects, especially those ...
Lu Jenher - - 2011
The tbx5 mutation in human causes Holt-Oram syndrome, an autosomal dominant condition characterized by a familial history of congenital heart defects and preaxial radial upper-limb defects. We report aberrant apoptosis and dormant cell growth over head, heart, trunk, fin, and tail of zebrafish embryos with tbx5 deficiency correspond to the ...
Bewley Martin A - - 2011
The bactericidal function of macrophages against pneumococci is enhanced by their apoptotic demise, which is controlled by the anti-apoptotic protein Mcl-1. Here, we show that lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) and cytosolic translocation of activated cathepsin D occur prior to activation of a mitochondrial pathway of macrophage apoptosis. Pharmacological inhibition or ...
Bosnar Martina - - 2011
Macrolide antibiotics, including azithromycin, also possess anti-inflammatory properties. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of activity as well as the target cells for their action have not been unambiguously identified as yet. In this study, the effects of azithromycin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary neutrophilia were investigated in mice. Using immunohistochemistry, mRNA and ...
Goldfarb Roy D - - 2010
TAKEDA-143242 (TAK-242) is a small molecule shown to inhibit lipopolysaccharide-induced intracellular signaling and inflammation. In vitro studies demonstrated that TAK-242 can prevent release of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 from activated macrophages of several species, including pigs. This study tested the hypothesis that TAK-242 would protect pigs from lethal gram-negative peritonitis ...
Di Gennaro E - - 2010
Potentiation of anticancer activity of capecitabine is required to improve its therapeutic index. In colorectal cancer (CRC) cells, we evaluated whether the histone deacetylase-inhibitor vorinostat may induce synergistic antitumour effects in combination with capecitabine by modulating the expression of thymidine phosphorylase (TP), a key enzyme in the conversion of capecitabine ...
Hata Yasuaki - - 2011
Background/aim Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) is an inflammatory cytokine that is upregulated in various vitreoretinal diseases including uveitis and diabetic retinopathy. Recently, our studies have indicated that hyalocytes contribute to the pathogenesis of these diseases. However, the impact of TNFα on the functional properties of hyalocytes is unknown. Methods Hyalocytes ...
Riches John C - - 2010
According to the immune-surveillance hypothesis, cancer cells evolve strategies to evade or suppress the immune system as part of the development of this disease. The malignant B-cells of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia are prime examples of this premise, having been shown to generate a variety of ways of suppressing T-cell anti-tumour ...
Cavell Breeze E - - 2011
Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are electrophilic compounds derived from plants and are thought to play a major role in the potential chemopreventive effects associated with high intake of cruciferous vegetables. ITCs are also being evaluated for chemotherapeutic activity in early phase clinical trials. In addition to their effects on carcinogen metabolism and ...
Ambade Aditya V - - 2010
Prodrug activation strategy as well as immunotherapy have been widely used for cancer gene therapy. In the present study, using a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) xenograft nude mouse model, we have investigated whether the two therapies in combination could improve tumour cell kill. We also investigated induction ...
Zhang Jingsong - - 2010
Ganoderma lucidum, a traditional Chinese medicine, is well known as a modulator of functions of the immune system as well as an anti-tumour agent. However, its active compounds and their molecular mechanisms of action are not well established. GLIS, a proteoglycan isolated from the fruiting body of G. lucidum, stimulates ...
Roeske-Nielsen A - - 2010
Cytokine-induced apoptosis is recognised as a major cause of the decline in β-cell mass that ultimately leads to type 1 diabetes mellitus. Interleukin-1β, interferon-γ and tumour necrosis factor-α in conjunction initiate a series of events that lead to β-cell apoptosis; important among these is NO production. The glycosphingolipid sulfatide is ...
Steer H J - - 2010
It is well established that the immune system has the capacity to attack malignant cells. During malignant transformation cells acquire numerous molecular and biochemical changes that render them potentially vulnerable to immune cells. Yet it is self-evident that a growing tumour has managed to evade these host defence mechanisms. The ...
Stannard Kimberley A - - 2010
High level galectin-1 expression results in cancer cell evasion of the immune response, increased tumour survival and aggressive metastases. Using a galectin-1 polyclonal antibody, high levels of galectin-1 protein were shown to be expressed by breast cancer cells established from FVB/N MMTV-c-neu mice as well as by the B16F10 melanoma ...
Kasper Hans-Udo - - 2010
Therapeutic options in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer are still limited. As apoptosis contributes to the overall sensitivity to radiotherapy or chemotherapy, a better understanding of the apoptotic process in metastatic tumour tissues is necessary. Precision cut tissue slices (PCTS) of three human liver metastases were used to investigate the ...
Rothmeier Andrea S - - 2010
Treatment of pancreatic cancer remains a major challenge and new anticancer drugs are urgently required. Our study presents the marine natural compound spongistatin 1 as a promising experimental drug. Spongistatin 1 was applied in an orthotopic in vivo model of human pancreatic cancer. Spongistatin 1 significantly reduced tumor growth, which ...
Garg Abhishek D - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) utilizes the destructive power of reactive oxygen species generated via visible light irradiation of a photosensitive dye accumulated in the cancerous tissue/cells, to bring about their obliteration. PDT activates multiple signalling pathways in cancer cells, which could give rise to all three cell death modalities (at least ...
Maniati E - - 2010
The role of interleukin (IL)-17 and the IL-17-producing T helper (Th)17 cells in cancer has recently become the focus of extensive investigation. An expanding body of literature implicates Th17 cells and their hallmark cytokine in both pro- and anti-tumourigenic processes. In this review we describe their biological activities and outline ...
Liu Ran - - 2010
Small-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (< 10 nm) are widely used in both industry and daily life due to their enhanced thermomagnetic and photocatalytic properties and surface activity. However, their increasing use increases the health risk of people exposed to these particles, either occupationally or environmentally. This study was performed ...
Veltman J D - - 2010
Suppressive immune cells present in tumour microenvironments are known to augment tumour growth and hamper efficacy of antitumour therapies. The amino-bisphosphonate Zoledronic acid (ZA) is considered as an antitumour agent, as recent studies showed that ZA prolongs disease-free survival in cancer patients. The exact mechanism is a topic of debate; ...
Flavell Richard A RA Yale University School of Medicine, 300 Cedar Street, TAC S-569, PO BOX 208011, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA. - - 2010
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) is an immunosuppressive cytokine produced by tumour cells and immune cells that can polarize many components of the immune system. This Review covers the effects of TGFbeta on natural killer (NK) cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils, CD8(+) and CD4(+) effector and regulatory T cells, and NKT ...
Grimm Martin - - 2010
Expression of apoptosis-related proteins on tumour cells has been shown in several experimental models to be an efficient mechanism for a counterattack against host anti-tumour immune responses in solid tumours. Here we provide a clinical evidence for such a tumour immune escape mechanism by demonstrating tumour to T cell-directed death ...
Martínez-Carpio Pedro A - - 2010
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway seems to be an important contributor to the antiproliferative response to photodynamic therapy (PDT), in terms of cell death, apoptosis and tumour destruction. We reviewed all preclinical investigations in the scientific literature on the role of the EGFR pathway in PDT. A systematic ...
Shan Yan - - 2010
Anti-apoptosis plays an important role in tumour formation and development. Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, which is a target for anti-cancer drug exploitation was replaced as development. We investigated the role of the homo dominant-negative mutant Survivin-T34A in suppressing human lung adenocarcinomas (A549). The ...
Ikushima Hiroaki - - 2010
The distortion of growth factor signalling is the most important prerequisite in tumour progression. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) signalling regulates tumour progression by a tumour cell-autonomous mechanism or through tumour-stroma interaction, and has either a tumour-suppressing or tumour-promoting function depending on cellular context. Such inherent complexity of TGFbeta signalling results ...
Lee K J - - 2010
Statins are potent inhibitors of hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl co-enzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, and have emerged as potential anti-cancer agents based on preclinical evidence. In particular, compelling evidence suggests that statins have a wide range of immunomodulatory properties. However, little is known about the role of statins in tumour immune tolerance. Tumour immune ...
Pastor Fernando F Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Dodson Interdisciplinary Immunotherapy Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Miami, Florida 33134, - - 2010
The main reason why tumours are not controlled by the immune system is that, unlike pathogens, they do not express potent tumour rejection antigens (TRAs). Tumour vaccination aims at stimulating a systemic immune response targeted to, mostly weak, antigens expressed in the disseminated tumour lesions. Main challenges in developing effective ...
Pencavel T T Targeted Therapy Team, The Institute of Cancer Research, and Sarcoma/Melanoma Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, London, - - 2010
Viral therapy of cancer includes strategies such as viral transduction of tumour cells with 'suicide genes', using viral infection to trigger immune-mediated tumour cell death and using oncolytic viruses for their direct anti-tumour action. However, problems still remain in terms of adequate viral delivery to tumours. A role is also ...
Ripka S - - 2010
The transcription factor CUX1 is known as a regulator of cell differentiation and cell cycle progression. Previously, CUX1 was identified as a modulator of invasiveness in various cancers. Based on expression profiles suggesting a role for CUX1 in mediating chemoresistance, the aim of this study was to characterise the effect ...
Tian L - - 2010
This study explored the inhibitory role of the adenoviral-mediated-interleukin (IL)-12 (Ad.mIL-12) gene in the growth of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). Human epithelial type 2 (Hep-2) cells were transfected with Ad.mIL-12, and IL-12 gene expression of the cells was evaluated. The proliferation and apoptosis of Hep-2 cells in vitro were ...
Colquhoun Alison - - 2010
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are known to inhibit cell proliferation of many tumour types both in vitro and in vivo. Their capacity to interfere with cell proliferation has been linked to their induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in tumour tissues leading to cell death through apoptosis. However, the ...
Hymowitz Sarah G - - 2010
Clinicians have suspected for hundreds of years that chronic activation of the immune system contributes to the development of cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms that mediate this precarious interplay are only now being elucidated. Recent reports have identified A20 as a crucial tumour suppressor in various lymphomas. A20 is a ...
Bhutia Sujit K - - 2010
Most tumours arise from a single normal cell through a sequential evolutionary process of mutation and selection. Tumours are initiated by escaping non-immune surveillance, which includes defective DNA repair, epigenetic gene alternation, resistance to apoptosis and loss of intercellular contact inhibition. Tumour cells harbour mutations in a number of critical ...
Sartelet Hervé - - 2010
AIMS: Neuroblastoma is a paediatric solid tumour with a poor outcome except in children <1 year old. Based on catecholamine urinary excretion, mass screening (MS) programmes have been organized but failed to decrease the mortality of this tumour. To test the hypotheses of a spontaneous maturation/differentiation or regression, the levels ...
McGee Heather M - - 2010
Metallothionein is a multi-functional protein that protects the host against toxic heavy metals. Under stressful situations it can protect against oxidative damage, contribute to tissue repair, modulate immune responses and limit inflammatory processes. Recently, metallothionein's role in ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced injury has been investigated. These studies have shown that when ...
Yokomine Tatsuo - - 2010
Pulmonary tumour thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is characterised by wide spread tumour emboli along with fibrocellular intimal proliferation and thrombus formation in small pulmonary arteries and arterioles. PTTM is a rare but fatal complication of carcinoma, but the pathogenesis remains to be clarified. An autopsy case of PTTM caused by gastric ...
Stulc Tomas - - 2010
Inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) are a novel class of anti-diabetes drugs; inhibiting the breakdown of incretins, they increase their biological availability and decrease thus blood glucose levels. However, in addition to regulating glucose homeostasis, DPP-IV has many diverse functions, such as modulating cell growth, differentiation and transformation and immune ...
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