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He Liyu L Nephrology Department, 2nd Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Key Lab of Kidney Disease and Blood Purification in Hunan, Changsha, Hunan, PR - - 2014
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent and serious complication of sepsis. A growing body of evidence now suggests that inflammatory reactions and tubular dysfunction induced by oxidative stress involved in the mechanisms of the disease. This study aimed to determine the role of anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities of ...
Gomez Ivan G - - 2014
MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) contributes to the pathogenesis of fibrogenic diseases in multiple organs, including the kidneys, potentially by silencing metabolic pathways that are critical for cellular ATP generation, ROS production, and inflammatory signaling. Here, we developed highly specific oligonucleotides that distribute to the kidney and inhibit miR-21 function when administered subcutaneously ...
Yang Yeong-In YI Department of Life & Nanopharmaceutical Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South Korea; Division of Molecular Biology, College of Pharmacy, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, South - - 2014
The clinical application of cisplatin is limited due to its drug resistance and side effects. We investigated the effect of a phlorotannin-rich extract from the edible brown alga Ecklonia cava (PREC) and its major phlorotannin (dieckol) on cisplatin responsiveness and side effects. The A2780 and SKOV3 ovarian cancer cell lines ...
Fougeray Sophie S Departments of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, The Research Institute of the McGill University Health Center, 2155 Guy Street, Montreal, QC H3H 2R9, - - 2014
Autophagy degrades pathogens, altered organelles and protein aggregates, and is characterized by the sequestration of cytoplasmic cargos within double-membrane-limited vesicles called autophagosomes. The process is regulated by inputs from the cellular microenvironment, and is activated in response to nutrient scarcity and immune triggers, which signal through a complex molecular network. ...
Huen Sarah C SC Section of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, - - 2014
After kidney ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, monocytes home to the kidney and differentiate into activated macrophages. Whereas proinflammatory macrophages contribute to the initial kidney damage, an alternatively activated phenotype can promote normal renal repair. The microenvironment of the kidney during the repair phase mediates the transition of macrophage activation from a ...
Kim Jinu J Jeju National - - 2014
Treating chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been challenging because of its pathogenic complexity. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are cytochrome P450-dependent derivatives of arachidonic acid with anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory and profibrinolytic functions. We recently reported that genetic ablation of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), an enzyme that converts EETs to less active dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids, ...
Tian Shaojiang S The University of - - 2014
Previous studies indicate that macrophage phenotype diversity is involved in the progression of renal fibrosis. However, the factors facilitating M1 or M2 phenotype and the function of these polarized macrophages in kidney injury and fibrosis remain largely unknown. In this study, we found that macrophages accumulated in kidney interstitium exhibited ...
Arciuli Marcella M Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, 70124, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infectious diseases and breeding conditions can influence fish health status. Furthermore it is well known that human and animal health are strongly correlated. In lower vertebrates melano-macrophage centres, clusters of pigment-containing cells forming the extracutaneous pigment system, are widespread in the stroma of the haemopoietic tissue, mainly in kidney and ...
Eddy Allison A AA Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia , Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
The common pathogenetic pathway of progressive injury in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is epitomized as normal kidney parenchymal destruction due to scarring (fibrosis). Understanding the fundamental pathways that lead to renal fibrosis is essential in order to develop better therapeutic options for human CKD. Although complex, four cellular ...
Duffy Michelle M MM National University of Ireland, - - 2014
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) suppress T-helper (Th)-17 cell differentiation and are being pursued clinically for the treatment of conditions associated with aberrant Th17 responses. Whether such immunomodulatory effects are enhanced by co-administration of MSCs with other agents is not well known. In this study, the individual and combined effects of ...
Belliere Julie J Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U1048, Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases, Toulouse, France; Université de Toulouse III Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France; Department of Nephrology and Organ Transplantation, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Rangueil, Toulouse, - - 2014
Rhabdomyolysis can be life threatening if complicated by AKI. Macrophage infiltration has been observed in rat kidneys after glycerol-induced rhabdomyolysis, but the role of macrophages in rhabdomyolysis-induced AKI remains unknown. Here, in a patient diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis, we detected substantial macrophage infiltration in the kidney. In a mouse model of ...
Wang Yan-Ping YP Department of Obstetrics, Tianjin Central Hospital of Gynecology Obstetrics, - - 2014
Kidney development is key to the onset of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases in adults, and in the fetal stage will be impaired by a lack of nutrients in utero in animal models. However, few human studies have been performed. Kidney samples from fetuses in a fetal growth restriction (FGR) environment ...
Hrenak Jaroslav - - 2014
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious public health problem. Current therapies are designed to slow down progression of the disease and avoid the necessity of dialysis or kidney transplantation. CKD is characterized by chronic inflammation and progressive cell death resulting in fibrotic rebuilding of renal tissue. Melatonin, the primary ...
Kosugi Tomoki T Department of Nephrology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, - - 2014
The glycosylated transmembrane protein CD147/basigin, also known as extracellular matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inducer (EMMPRIN), contributes to cell survival, migration and cancer invasion. In normal kidneys, high expression of CD147 is detected only in the basolateral side of tubular epithelial cells (TECs). The pathophysiological roles of CD147 in the kidneys are ...
Pawar Rahul D RD The Divisions of Rheumatology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY; The Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, - - 2014
Kidney disease is one of the leading causes of death in patients with lupus and other autoimmune diseases affecting the kidney, and is associated with deposition of antibodies as well as infiltration of T lymphocytes and macrophages which are responsible for initiation and/or exacerbation of inflammation and tissue injury. Current ...
Chromek Milan M Paediatric Nephrology Unit, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, B57, SE-14186, Stockholm, Sweden, - - 2014
The balance between the human body and surrounding microorganisms is crucial for homeostasis and health. A disturbance in host-pathogen interactions causes disease. Two important diseases of the kidney and urinary tract are directly caused by bacteria or bacterial toxins: urinary tract infection (UTI) and diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). In ...
Kim Jinu J Jeju National - - 2014
The pathophysiological events that lead to renal interstitial fibrogenesis are incompletely understood. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET), an arachidonic acid metabolite, has anti-inflammatory and profibrinolytic functions. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) converts EET to active dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid. Here, we tested the hypothesis that sEH deficiency would prevent tubulointerstitial fibrosis and inflammation induced by ...
Ozkok Abdullah A Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado at Denver, P.O. Box C281, 12700 East 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80262, - - 2014
Cisplatin and other platinum derivatives are the most widely used chemotherapeutic agents to treat solid tumors including ovarian, head and neck, and testicular germ cell tumors. A known complication of cisplatin administration is acute kidney injury (AKI). The nephrotoxic effect of cisplatin is cumulative and dose-dependent and often necessitates dose ...
Andringa Kelly K KK Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Nephrology Research and Training Center, Center for Free Radical Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala., - - 2014
Oxygen is vital to mammalian survival. Oxygen deprivation, defined as hypoxia, elicits adaptive responses in cells and tissues, a process regulated by proteins known as hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF). Animal studies have provided compelling data to demonstrate a pivotal role for the HIF pathway in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury ...
Portilla Didier D Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va., - - 2014
Fibrosis is a major hallmark of progressive kidney disease. The cellular mechanisms that lead to kidney tissue fibrosis are complex and include, for example, increased inflammation, increased oxidative stress, and proximal tubule cell death in the form of apoptosis or senescence. Recent studies have identified TWEAK, a tumor necrosis factor-like ...
Bonventre Joseph V JV Renal Division and Biomedical Engineering Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., - - 2014
Acute kidney injury (AKI) leads to worsening of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and CKD predisposes to the clinical entity of AKI. The tubules of the kidney play a central role in the fibrotic response, which ultimately leads to progressive kidney disease. The cellular mechanisms responsible for the epidemiological association between ...
Tran Mei M Division of Nephrology and Center for Vascular Biology Research, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., - - 2014
Mitochondrial dysfunction within the tubular epithelium has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury. Inflammatory, ischemic, or toxic insults dysregulate mitochondrial dynamics, resulting in mitochondrial swelling, fission, and apoptosis. The coordinated processes of generating healthy mitochondria and clearing damaged organelles may contribute to the preservation and restoration of ...
Wang Yan-Yang YY Department of Radiation Oncology, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, People's Republic of China ; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, - - 2014
Triterpenoids have been used for medicinal purposes in many Asian countries because of their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiproliferative, anticancer, and anticarcinogenic properties. Bardoxolone methyl, the C-28 methyl ester of 2-cyano-3,12-dioxoolean-1,9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO) known as CDDO-Me or RTA 402, is one of the derivatives of synthetic triterpenoids. CDDO-Me has been used for ...
Ho Jacqueline J Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine , Pittsburgh, PA , - - 2014
Apoptosis is essential to remodel developing structures and eliminate superfluous cells in a controlled manner during normal development, and continues to be an important component of tissue remodeling and regeneration during an organism's lifespan, or as a response to injury. This mini review will discuss recent studies that have provided ...
Bähler Martin - - 2011
Mammals contain two class IX myosins, Myo9a and Myo9b. They are actin-based motorized signalling molecules that negatively regulate RhoA signalling. Myo9a has been implicated in the regulation of epithelial cell morphology and differentiation, whereas Myo9b has been shown to play an important role in the regulation of macrophage shape and ...
Maravillas-Montero José L - - 2011
Myosins comprise a family of ATP-dependent motor proteins that are best known for their role in muscle contraction and their involvement in a wide range of other eukaryotic motility processes. Recent phylogenetic analysis places myosins into 35 highly diverse classes. Although these actin-based molecular motors have been characterized extensively, and ...
Mito Sayaka - - 2011
Abstract Curcumin is used anecdotally as an herb in traditional Indian and Chinese medicine. In the present study, the effects and possible mechanism of curcumin in experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) rats were further investigated. They were divided randomly into a treatment or vehicle group and orally administrated curcumin (50 mg/kg/day) ...
Fernandez Maria-Isabel - - 2011
Dendritic cells (DCs) need to migrate in the interstitial environment of peripheral tissues to reach secondary lymphoid organs and initiate a suitable immune response. Whether and how inflamed tissues instruct DCs to emigrate is not fully understood. In this study, we report the unexpected finding that the epithelial-derived cytokine TSLP ...
Jin Wei - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: In our previous studies, antioxidant transcription factor, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway has been shown to play an important role in protecting traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). This study was designed to explore whether recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) administration modulates pulmonary Nrf2 ...
Dandrieux Julien R S - - 2011
A 7 mo old female English springer spaniel was presented with diarrhea, vomiting, apathy, and hyperthermia. Further examinations revealed generalized lymphadenomegaly consistent with sterile neutrophilic-macrophagic lymphadenitis and pulmonary involvement. Subcutaneous nodules developed one day after presentation. Histology was consistent with sterile idiopathic nodular panniculitis and vasculitis. No infectious organism was ...
Kishi J - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology. We identified immunological targets for the treatment of pulmonary granulomatosis using a murine model generated with Propionibacterium acnes. Sensitisation and challenge using heat-killed P. acnes and dendritic cells (DCs) were performed to produce pulmonary granulomatosis in C57BL/6 mice. Immunological analyses using ELISA ...
Li Hui-Hua - - 2011
S-nitrosoalbumin (SNO-Alb) has been shown to be an efficacious cytoprotective molecule in acute lung injury, as well as ischemia-reperfusion injury in heart and skeletal muscle. Nonetheless, limited information is available on the cellular mechanism of such protection. Accordingly, we investigated the protective effects of SNO-Alb [ and its denitrosated congener, ...
Thambiayya Kalidasan - - 2011
A role in signal transduction for a vanishingly small labile pool of intracellular zinc ([Zn](i)) has been inferred by the sensitivity of various physiological pathways to zinc chelators such as N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) and/or associations with changes in nonprotein-bound zinc-sensitive fluorophores. Although we (44) reported that LPS-induced apoptosis in cultured sheep ...
Inoue Ken-Ichiro - - 2011
Although the adverse health effects of nanoparticles have been proposed and are being clarified, their aggravating effects on pre-existing pathological conditions have not been fully investigated. In this review, we provide insights into the immunotoxicity of both airborne and engineered nanoparticles as an exacerbating factor on hypersusceptible subjects, especially those ...
Lu Jenher - - 2011
The tbx5 mutation in human causes Holt-Oram syndrome, an autosomal dominant condition characterized by a familial history of congenital heart defects and preaxial radial upper-limb defects. We report aberrant apoptosis and dormant cell growth over head, heart, trunk, fin, and tail of zebrafish embryos with tbx5 deficiency correspond to the ...
Bewley Martin A - - 2011
The bactericidal function of macrophages against pneumococci is enhanced by their apoptotic demise, which is controlled by the anti-apoptotic protein Mcl-1. Here, we show that lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) and cytosolic translocation of activated cathepsin D occur prior to activation of a mitochondrial pathway of macrophage apoptosis. Pharmacological inhibition or ...
Bosnar Martina - - 2011
Macrolide antibiotics, including azithromycin, also possess anti-inflammatory properties. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of activity as well as the target cells for their action have not been unambiguously identified as yet. In this study, the effects of azithromycin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary neutrophilia were investigated in mice. Using immunohistochemistry, mRNA and ...
Goldfarb Roy D - - 2010
TAKEDA-143242 (TAK-242) is a small molecule shown to inhibit lipopolysaccharide-induced intracellular signaling and inflammation. In vitro studies demonstrated that TAK-242 can prevent release of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 from activated macrophages of several species, including pigs. This study tested the hypothesis that TAK-242 would protect pigs from lethal gram-negative peritonitis ...
Di Gennaro E - - 2010
Potentiation of anticancer activity of capecitabine is required to improve its therapeutic index. In colorectal cancer (CRC) cells, we evaluated whether the histone deacetylase-inhibitor vorinostat may induce synergistic antitumour effects in combination with capecitabine by modulating the expression of thymidine phosphorylase (TP), a key enzyme in the conversion of capecitabine ...
Hata Yasuaki - - 2011
Background/aim Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNFα) is an inflammatory cytokine that is upregulated in various vitreoretinal diseases including uveitis and diabetic retinopathy. Recently, our studies have indicated that hyalocytes contribute to the pathogenesis of these diseases. However, the impact of TNFα on the functional properties of hyalocytes is unknown. Methods Hyalocytes ...
Riches John C - - 2010
According to the immune-surveillance hypothesis, cancer cells evolve strategies to evade or suppress the immune system as part of the development of this disease. The malignant B-cells of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia are prime examples of this premise, having been shown to generate a variety of ways of suppressing T-cell anti-tumour ...
Cavell Breeze E - - 2011
Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are electrophilic compounds derived from plants and are thought to play a major role in the potential chemopreventive effects associated with high intake of cruciferous vegetables. ITCs are also being evaluated for chemotherapeutic activity in early phase clinical trials. In addition to their effects on carcinogen metabolism and ...
Ambade Aditya V - - 2010
Prodrug activation strategy as well as immunotherapy have been widely used for cancer gene therapy. In the present study, using a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) xenograft nude mouse model, we have investigated whether the two therapies in combination could improve tumour cell kill. We also investigated induction ...
Zhang Jingsong - - 2010
Ganoderma lucidum, a traditional Chinese medicine, is well known as a modulator of functions of the immune system as well as an anti-tumour agent. However, its active compounds and their molecular mechanisms of action are not well established. GLIS, a proteoglycan isolated from the fruiting body of G. lucidum, stimulates ...
Roeske-Nielsen A - - 2010
Cytokine-induced apoptosis is recognised as a major cause of the decline in β-cell mass that ultimately leads to type 1 diabetes mellitus. Interleukin-1β, interferon-γ and tumour necrosis factor-α in conjunction initiate a series of events that lead to β-cell apoptosis; important among these is NO production. The glycosphingolipid sulfatide is ...
Steer H J - - 2010
It is well established that the immune system has the capacity to attack malignant cells. During malignant transformation cells acquire numerous molecular and biochemical changes that render them potentially vulnerable to immune cells. Yet it is self-evident that a growing tumour has managed to evade these host defence mechanisms. The ...
Stannard Kimberley A - - 2010
High level galectin-1 expression results in cancer cell evasion of the immune response, increased tumour survival and aggressive metastases. Using a galectin-1 polyclonal antibody, high levels of galectin-1 protein were shown to be expressed by breast cancer cells established from FVB/N MMTV-c-neu mice as well as by the B16F10 melanoma ...
Kasper Hans-Udo - - 2010
Therapeutic options in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer are still limited. As apoptosis contributes to the overall sensitivity to radiotherapy or chemotherapy, a better understanding of the apoptotic process in metastatic tumour tissues is necessary. Precision cut tissue slices (PCTS) of three human liver metastases were used to investigate the ...
Rothmeier Andrea S - - 2010
Treatment of pancreatic cancer remains a major challenge and new anticancer drugs are urgently required. Our study presents the marine natural compound spongistatin 1 as a promising experimental drug. Spongistatin 1 was applied in an orthotopic in vivo model of human pancreatic cancer. Spongistatin 1 significantly reduced tumor growth, which ...
Garg Abhishek D - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) utilizes the destructive power of reactive oxygen species generated via visible light irradiation of a photosensitive dye accumulated in the cancerous tissue/cells, to bring about their obliteration. PDT activates multiple signalling pathways in cancer cells, which could give rise to all three cell death modalities (at least ...
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