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Chirico G G Department of Neonatology and NICU, Children Hospital, Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy - - - 2014
The most common causes of nasal obstruction and runny nose in infants and children are infections, mainly of viral origin, or allergies. In neonates and infants viral upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) are frequently observed during episodes of nasal obstruction. Saline irrigation of the nose is believed to alleviate URTI ...
Iffy Leslie L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, UMDNJ, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA, - - 2014
The first part of the study involved data collection for the detection of geographic variations and chronologic fluctuations in the rates of shoulder dystocia. The second part of the research evaluated head-to-body delivery times in cases of arrest of the shoulders at birth that had resulted in fetal damage during ...
Judd Julia J Child Health, University Hospital Southampton Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The diagnosis and treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip in the infant are uniform, with consensus that diagnostic ultrasound and Pavlik harness management are standard procedures. Sequential procedures for failed early treatment, residual dysplasia and late diagnosis are dependent on the age and the severity of the dysplasia. This ...
Mubarak Scott J SJ Department of Orthopedics, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, - - 2014
Dr Marino Ortolani was an Italian pediatrician who developed a test for hip instability in the infant (1936) and then promoted early diagnosis of this condition to the medical community. He studied the pathoanatomy of hip instability in the 1940s. He wrote his textbook in 1948 and in 1952 he ...
Coticchia James J Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, USA - - 2014
This study was conducted to determine the frequency of otitis media in preterm neonates using otoendoscopy and tympanometry. Prospective study. Wayne State University, Hutzel Women's Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Eighty-six preterm infants were included (gestational age <36 weeks). Otoendoscopy and tympanometry were performed to detect the presence of otitis ...
Jones Jenny - - 2014
A woman presented for her postpartum examination alarmed about pink stains on her breast pads and on her infant's burp pads and diapers. The stains were also found in her breast pump and the infant's bottles. Out of concern, she stopped breastfeeding. The diagnosis was colonization of mother and infant ...
Kotaska Andrew A Department of Obstetrics, Stanton Territorial Hospital, Yellowknife NT; School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver - - 2014
A belief that prolonged head-to-body delivery interval endangers the newborn underpins the common obstetrical practice of delivering the baby's trunk immediately after the head is born. Without intervention, however, birth typically occurs in two steps: once the fetal head is delivered there is usually a pause, and the rest of ...
Bonny Aimé A Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Laquintinie and Faculty of Medicine, Douala, Cameroon; Laboratoire d'explorations cardiovasculaires, service de cardiologie, hôpital Laquintinie de Douala, Douala, Cameroon. Electronic address: - - 2014
The burden of sudden unexplained death in sub-Saharan Africa is unknown. The aim of this study is to establish the epidemiology of sudden cardiac death in Cameroon. The Douala sudden unexplained death (Douala-SUD) study is a prospective, multiple-source, community-based surveillance of all cases of unexpected death (< 24hours from onset of ...
Randall Brad - - 2014
The level of certainty needed to assign a cause of death may be problematic. The certification regulations stipulate that a certifier only needs to believe that a proposed cause of death be more likely than not (i.e. anything more than fifty percent likely). While there is no requirement for absolute ...
Randall Brad - - 2014
The cause of death statement is the core of the death certification process for the physician certifier. The World Health Organization defines the cause of death as the disease or injury that initiates a chain of events leading to death. This cause of death needs to be listed at the ...
Fiaturi Najla N Program in Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 02111, USA, - - 2014
Lung immaturity is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in premature infants, especially those born <28 weeks gestation. Proper lung development from 23-28 weeks requires coordinated cell proliferation and differentiation. Infants born at this age are at high risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), a lung disease characterized by insufficient surfactant ...
Kuruvilla Linu Cherian LC Department of Radiology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, - - 2014
Benign enlargement of sub-arachnoid spaces (BESS) is one of the causes of macrocephaly in infants. It is a self-limiting condition and does not require any active medical or surgical treatment. We report a case of an infant aged 4 months who was referred for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the ...
Khandelwal Ashutosh A Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Intracerebral abscess are rare in neonates and infants. We present a rare case of 4-month-old immunocompetent infant with multiple intracranial fungal abscess. Right frontoparietal craniotomy was done with excision of multicystic mass containing 200cc of dirty colored fluid. Biopsy and culture of abscess came as Aspergillus fumigates. Patient received parental ...
Woods Charles R - - 2014
To better understand factors that may impact infant mortality rates (IMR), we evaluated the consistency across birth hospitals in the classification of a birth event as either a fetal death or an early neonatal (infant) death using natality data from North Carolina for the years 1995-2000. A database consisting of ...
Aune Dagfinn D Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom2Department of Preventive Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway3Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty - - 2014
Evidence suggests that maternal obesity increases the risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death; however, the optimal body mass index (BMI) for prevention is not known. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies of maternal BMI and risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death. The ...
- - 2014
Acute heart failure in milk-fed dairy calves Hemlock poisoning causes death in dairy heifers Yersiniosis in weaned lambs causes diarrhoea and deaths Unexplained mass mortality in housed broilers These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for January from SAC Consulting: Veterinary Services (SAC C VS).
Stoppelenburg Arie Jan AJ Center for Molecular and Cellular Intervention, Department of Pediatric Immunology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
IL-17 and T-helper (Th)17 cells contribute to viral airway pathology in human newborns. Because umbilical cord blood T cells fail to differentiate toward the Th17 lineage in the presence of autologous antigen-presenting cells, we asked whether Th17 cells are present in young infants that experience respiratory viral infection. To this ...
Lee Erica J EJ New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Vital Statistics, 125 Worth St. Room 204, CN-7, New York, NY, USA, - - 2014
We aimed to compare demographic, medical, and cause-of-death information reported for third-trimester fetal and neonatal death vital records collected in New York City (NYC) before and after implementation of the revised fetal death certificate to identify: (1) the limitations of combining fetal and neonatal death records for the purpose of ...
Jorgensen Michael M Department of Medical Genetics Services, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, - - 2014
We evaluated 2,083 cases within the Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program (WiSSP) that had autopsy reports or ultrasound data relevant to the heart. Of these, 167/1,782 (9.4%) stillbirths after 20 weeks and 11/301 (3.7%) miscarriages <20 weeks had congenital heart disease (CHD). Cases were classified by type of heart defect and ...
Luciano Angel A AA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of South Florida, Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, Florida, United States of - - 2014
Regulatory T cells are a population of CD4+ T cells that play a critical role in peripheral tolerance and control of immune responses to pathogens. The purpose of this study was to measure the percentages of two different regulatory T cells subpopulations, identified by the presence or absence of CD31 ...
Haghighi Mohammad Hosein Hayavi MH Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
Accurate cause of death coding leads to organised and usable death information but there are some factors that influence documentation on death certificates and therefore affect the coding. We reviewed the role of documentation errors on the accuracy of death coding at Shahid Mohammadi Hospital (SMH), Bandar Abbas, Iran. We ...
Iskender Cantekin C Department of Perinatology, Dr Zekai Tahir Burak Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
To describe the risk factors and labor characteristics of Clavicular fracture (CF) and brachial plexus injury (BPI); and compare antenatal and labor characteristics and prognosis of obstetrical BPI associated with shoulder dystocia with obstetrical BPI not associated with shoulder dystocia. This retrospective study consisted of women who gave birth to ...
Sim Chien J CJ National University Health System, Singapore. - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to: describe practice patterns, knowledge, and attitudes of pediatric dentists in North Carolina (N.C.) in delivering dietary recommendations to the parents/caregivers of infants and toddlers; and identify barriers that limit the implementation of related recommendations. Our survey instrument included 30 questions covering eight domains ...
Sá Maria Isabel MI Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Centro Materno-Infantil do Norte, Porto, - - 2014
Congenital anomalies of the external genitalia occur in 2-3 per 100 infants. These anomalies might bring variable degrees of morbidity to the infant and often constitute diagnostic challenges for health professionals. We present a case report of a fetus with bilateral vulvar cysts diagnosed during the third trimester ultrasound. The ...
Cotten C Michael CM Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2013
To assess feasibility and safety of providing autologous umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells to neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We enrolled infants in the intensive care nursery who were cooled for HIE and had available UCB in an open-label study of non-cyropreserved autologous volume- and red blood cell-reduced UCB cells ...
Duncan Marie E ME Unit of Health-Care Epidemiology, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7LF, - - 2013
To report trends in mortality rates for atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF), using all the certified causes of death mentioned on death certificates (conventionally known as 'mentions') as well as the underlying cause of death, in the national population of England (1995-2010) and in a regional population with longer coverage of all-mentions ...
Winkel Bo Gregers BG Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet and Danish National Research Foundation Centre for Cardiac Arrhythmia (DARC), Copenhagen, - - 2013
Hitherto, sudden cardiac death in children (SCDc)-defined as sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the 1-18 years old-has been incompletely described in the general population. Knowledge on incidence rates, causes of death and symptoms prior to death is sparse and has been affected by reporting and referral bias. In a nationwide ...
Hem Erlend - - 2013
Jacob Aall (1773-1844) was one of Norway's most notable nation-builders at the beginning of the 19th century. He owned and operated a large ironworks, participated in political life and was an historian, writer and translator of sagas. In the last 15 years of his life, he suffered greatly from pain ...
Aljinović Jure J University of Split, University Hospital Centre Split, School of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Split, Croatia. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine epidemiology of non-traumatic prehospital sudden adult deaths in Split-Dalmatia County from 2000 to 2005. The following information were collected from autopsy reports in the archives of University Hospital Split: gender of deceased, birth date, date of death, location of death, immediate cause ...
Abdellatif Mohamed - - 2013
To report the patterns and causes of neonatal death from a tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit over a period of four years. This is a retrospective cohort study where four years data (January 2006 - December 2009) of all inborn neonatal admissions and deaths were collected from the neonatal ...
Hayward Robert M - - 2013
We report a case of sudden death in a clinically stable adult with l-transposition of the great arteries (l-TGA). Sudden death has been reported to be the leading cause of death in l-TGA and is often attributed to arrhythmias in the absence of another identifiable cause. However, the contribution of ...
Saucedo Monica - - 2013
To assess trends in the maternal mortality ratio over a 10-year period in France and the causes, risk factors, quality of care, and avoidability of maternal deaths. Maternal deaths up to 1 year after the end of the pregnancy from 1998 to 2007 were identified and studied through the French ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2013
The 2012 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. With its mission to "review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives," the Committee has reviewed 341 deaths in South Eastern South Dakota since its ...
Kruse Alexandra Y - - 2013
Neonatal deaths (≤ 28 days) account for more than half of child mortality in Vietnam. Presumably most die in hospital, but data is scarce. This study aimed to identify risk factors of death among hospitalised neonates. We prospectively studied all neonatal deaths and expected deaths (discharged alive after withdrawal of ...
Ali Abdel Aziem A - - 2013
This study investigated the factors associated with perinatal mortality in eastern Sudan from 2010 to 2011. Among 808 deliveries, there were 15 pairs of twins, giving 823 babies at risk of perinatal deaths. There were 761 live births and 62 perinatal deaths. Of the 62 perinatal deaths, 25 (40.3%) were ...
Nations Marilyn - - 2013
Maternal reactions to infant death in Northeast Brazil have been at the epicenter of anthropological debate since the 1980s. This ethnographic study of 45 death narratives by bereaved mothers collected from 1979-1989 in Pacatuba, Ceará, Brazil, refutes existing claims of mothers' "selective neglect" and "indifference" towards sick babies and emotionally ...
Bernat James L - - 2013
One barrier for implementing programs of uncontrolled organ donation after the circulatory determination of death is the lack of consensus on the precise moment of death. Our panel was convened to study this question after we performed a similar analysis on the moment of death in controlled organ donation after ...
Berg Anne T AT Epilepsy Center, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2013
Estimate the causes and risk of death, specifically seizure related, in children followed from onset of epilepsy and to contrast the risk of seizure-related death with other common causes of death in the population. Mortality experiences from 4 pediatric cohorts of newly diagnosed patients were combined. Causes of death were ...
Merglová Vlasta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease characterized by monoclonal proliferation and migration of special dendritic cells. This disease primarily affects bones, but occurs less frequently in other organ systems or may manifest as a multisystem disease. CASE REPORTS: Extraoral and intraoral symptoms of Langerhans cell histiocytosis are described ...
Liu Bo B Department of Biology, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, - - 2013
Breastfeeding protects the neonate against pathogen infection. Major mechanisms of protection include human milk glycoconjugates functioning as soluble receptor mimetics that inhibit pathogen binding to the mucosal cell surface, prebiotic stimulation of gut colonization by favorable microbiota, immunomodulation, and as a substrate for bacterial fermentation products in the gut. Human ...
Daripa Mandira - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the epidemiological profile of avoidable early neonatal deaths associated with perinatal asphyxia according to region of death in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Population-based cohort study including 2,873 avoidable deaths up to six days of life associated with perinatal asphyxia from January 2001 to December ...
Fox Jocelyn E Manning - - 2013
Our understanding of adult human β-cells is advancing, but we know little about the function and plasticity of β-cells from infants. We therefore characterized islets and single islet cells from human infants after isolation and culture. Although islet morphology in pancreas biopsies was similar to that in adults, infant islets ...
Lavezzi Anna M - - 2013
We investigated the locus coeruleus complex in the brainstems of 78 subjects aged from 24 gestational weeks to 8 postnatal months, who died of unknown (sudden unexplained fetal and infant deaths) and known causes (controls). The goals of this study were: (1) to obtain basic information about the morphology of ...
Pane Masdalina - - 2013
Indonesia provides the largest single source of pilgrims for the Hajj (10%). In the last two decades, mortality rates for Indonesian pilgrims ranged between 200-380 deaths per 100,000 pilgrims over the 10-week Hajj period. Reasons for high mortality are not well understood. In 2008, verbal autopsy was introduced to complement ...
McPherson Duncan D Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
To quantify mortality associated with sepsis in the whole population of England. Descriptive statistics of multiple cause of death data. England between 2001 and 2010. All people whose death was registered in England between 2001 and 2010 and whose certificate contained a sepsis-associated International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) ...
Lavezzi A M AM Anna Maria Lavezzi, "Lino Rossi" Research Centre for the study and prevention of unexpected perinatal death and SIDS, Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Via della Commenda 19, 20122 Milano, Italy, phone: +39-02-50320821, fax: +39-02-50320823, e-mail: - - 2013
The present study was aimed at supplementing our previous investigations on the morphological features of the Purkinje cells during the autonomic nervous system development, particularly in victims of sudden perinatal death (Sudden Intrauterine Unexplained Death Syndrome and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), given their crucial role in determining connectivity patterns in ...
Tassell-Matamua Natasha A - - 2014
Little is known about the psychological phenomenology of death. Reported across known history and in all cultures by those who have died or been close to death, NDEs challenge objective-mechanistic models by suggesting the phenomenology of death may involve a variety of complex psychological processes. This article discusses three notable ...
Gee Sarah N - - 2012
Multiorgan Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) presenting in the neonatal period is associated with a poor prognosis. We report a 5-day-old neonate who presented at birth with diffuse cutaneous nodules and respiratory failure who received a postmortem diagnosis of LCH. We emphasize the importance of recognizing the cutaneous findings of this ...
Munjal Kevin G - - 2013
In the United States, when people die unexpectedly, they are usually not considered as organ donors because of the difficulty of keeping organs viable when death occurs outside the hospital, in "uncontrolled" circumstances. New protocols to permit donation in these cases have renewed the debate about how we decide whether ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2012
The 2011 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. Since 1997, the committee has reviewed 224 deaths to achieve its mission to "review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives." In 2011, the committee ...
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