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Aune Dagfinn D Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom2Department of Preventive Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway3Department of Public Health and General Practice, Faculty - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Evidence suggests that maternal obesity increases the risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death; however, the optimal body mass index (BMI) for prevention is not known. OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies of maternal BMI and risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant ...
- - 2014
Acute heart failure in milk-fed dairy calves Hemlock poisoning causes death in dairy heifers Yersiniosis in weaned lambs causes diarrhoea and deaths Unexplained mass mortality in housed broilers These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for January from SAC Consulting: Veterinary Services (SAC C VS).
Stoppelenburg Arie Jan AJ Center for Molecular and Cellular Intervention, Department of Pediatric Immunology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
IL-17 and T-helper (Th)17 cells contribute to viral airway pathology in human newborns. Because umbilical cord blood T cells fail to differentiate toward the Th17 lineage in the presence of autologous antigen-presenting cells, we asked whether Th17 cells are present in young infants that experience respiratory viral infection. To this ...
Lee Erica J EJ New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Vital Statistics, 125 Worth St. Room 204, CN-7, New York, NY, USA, - - 2014
We aimed to compare demographic, medical, and cause-of-death information reported for third-trimester fetal and neonatal death vital records collected in New York City (NYC) before and after implementation of the revised fetal death certificate to identify: (1) the limitations of combining fetal and neonatal death records for the purpose of ...
Chung Sung-Hoon SH Department of Medicine, Kyung Hee University Graduate School, Seoul, - - 2014
[This corrects the article on p. 443 in vol. 54, PMID: 22253641.].
Jorgensen Michael M Department of Medical Genetics Services, Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, - - 2014
We evaluated 2,083 cases within the Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program (WiSSP) that had autopsy reports or ultrasound data relevant to the heart. Of these, 167/1,782 (9.4%) stillbirths after 20 weeks and 11/301 (3.7%) miscarriages <20 weeks had congenital heart disease (CHD). Cases were classified by type of heart defect and ...
Cotten C Michael CM Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2013
To assess feasibility and safety of providing autologous umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells to neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We enrolled infants in the intensive care nursery who were cooled for HIE and had available UCB in an open-label study of non-cyropreserved autologous volume- and red blood cell-reduced UCB cells ...
Duncan Marie E ME Unit of Health-Care Epidemiology, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7LF, - - 2013
To report trends in mortality rates for atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF), using all the certified causes of death mentioned on death certificates (conventionally known as 'mentions') as well as the underlying cause of death, in the national population of England (1995-2010) and in a regional population with longer coverage of all-mentions ...
Winkel Bo Gregers BG Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet and Danish National Research Foundation Centre for Cardiac Arrhythmia (DARC), Copenhagen, - - 2013
Hitherto, sudden cardiac death in children (SCDc)-defined as sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the 1-18 years old-has been incompletely described in the general population. Knowledge on incidence rates, causes of death and symptoms prior to death is sparse and has been affected by reporting and referral bias. In a nationwide ...
Hem Erlend - - 2013
Jacob Aall (1773-1844) was one of Norway's most notable nation-builders at the beginning of the 19th century. He owned and operated a large ironworks, participated in political life and was an historian, writer and translator of sagas. In the last 15 years of his life, he suffered greatly from pain ...
Aljinović Jure J University of Split, University Hospital Centre Split, School of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Split, Croatia. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine epidemiology of non-traumatic prehospital sudden adult deaths in Split-Dalmatia County from 2000 to 2005. The following information were collected from autopsy reports in the archives of University Hospital Split: gender of deceased, birth date, date of death, location of death, immediate cause ...
Abdellatif Mohamed - - 2013
To report the patterns and causes of neonatal death from a tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit over a period of four years. This is a retrospective cohort study where four years data (January 2006 - December 2009) of all inborn neonatal admissions and deaths were collected from the neonatal ...
Hayward Robert M - - 2013
We report a case of sudden death in a clinically stable adult with l-transposition of the great arteries (l-TGA). Sudden death has been reported to be the leading cause of death in l-TGA and is often attributed to arrhythmias in the absence of another identifiable cause. However, the contribution of ...
Saucedo Monica - - 2013
To assess trends in the maternal mortality ratio over a 10-year period in France and the causes, risk factors, quality of care, and avoidability of maternal deaths. Maternal deaths up to 1 year after the end of the pregnancy from 1998 to 2007 were identified and studied through the French ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2013
The 2012 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. With its mission to "review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives," the Committee has reviewed 341 deaths in South Eastern South Dakota since its ...
Kruse Alexandra Y - - 2013
Neonatal deaths (≤ 28 days) account for more than half of child mortality in Vietnam. Presumably most die in hospital, but data is scarce. This study aimed to identify risk factors of death among hospitalised neonates. We prospectively studied all neonatal deaths and expected deaths (discharged alive after withdrawal of ...
Ali Abdel Aziem A - - 2013
This study investigated the factors associated with perinatal mortality in eastern Sudan from 2010 to 2011. Among 808 deliveries, there were 15 pairs of twins, giving 823 babies at risk of perinatal deaths. There were 761 live births and 62 perinatal deaths. Of the 62 perinatal deaths, 25 (40.3%) were ...
Nations Marilyn - - 2013
Maternal reactions to infant death in Northeast Brazil have been at the epicenter of anthropological debate since the 1980s. This ethnographic study of 45 death narratives by bereaved mothers collected from 1979-1989 in Pacatuba, Ceará, Brazil, refutes existing claims of mothers' "selective neglect" and "indifference" towards sick babies and emotionally ...
Bernat James L - - 2013
One barrier for implementing programs of uncontrolled organ donation after the circulatory determination of death is the lack of consensus on the precise moment of death. Our panel was convened to study this question after we performed a similar analysis on the moment of death in controlled organ donation after ...
Berg Anne T - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Estimate the causes and risk of death, specifically seizure related, in children followed from onset of epilepsy and to contrast the risk of seizure-related death with other common causes of death in the population.METHODS:Mortality experiences from 4 pediatric cohorts of newly diagnosed patients were combined. Causes of death were classified ...
Merglová Vlasta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease characterized by monoclonal proliferation and migration of special dendritic cells. This disease primarily affects bones, but occurs less frequently in other organ systems or may manifest as a multisystem disease. CASE REPORTS: Extraoral and intraoral symptoms of Langerhans cell histiocytosis are described ...
Liu Bo - - 2013
Abstract Breastfeeding protects the neonate against pathogen infection. Major mechanisms of protection include human milk glycoconjugates functioning as soluble receptor mimetics that inhibit pathogen binding to the mucosal cell surface, prebiotic stimulation of gut colonization by favorable microbiota, immunomodulation, and as a substrate for bacterial fermentation products in the gut. ...
Daripa Mandira - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the epidemiological profile of avoidable early neonatal deaths associated with perinatal asphyxia according to region of death in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Population-based cohort study including 2,873 avoidable deaths up to six days of life associated with perinatal asphyxia from January 2001 to December ...
Fox Jocelyn E Manning - - 2013
Our understanding of adult human β-cells is advancing, but we know little about the function and plasticity of β-cells from infants. We therefore characterized islets and single islet cells from human infants after isolation and culture. Although islet morphology in pancreas biopsies was similar to that in adults, infant islets ...
Lavezzi Anna M - - 2013
We investigated the locus coeruleus complex in the brainstems of 78 subjects aged from 24 gestational weeks to 8 postnatal months, who died of unknown (sudden unexplained fetal and infant deaths) and known causes (controls). The goals of this study were: (1) to obtain basic information about the morphology of ...
Pane Masdalina - - 2013
Indonesia provides the largest single source of pilgrims for the Hajj (10%). In the last two decades, mortality rates for Indonesian pilgrims ranged between 200-380 deaths per 100,000 pilgrims over the 10-week Hajj period. Reasons for high mortality are not well understood. In 2008, verbal autopsy was introduced to complement ...
McPherson Duncan D Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
To quantify mortality associated with sepsis in the whole population of England. Descriptive statistics of multiple cause of death data. England between 2001 and 2010. All people whose death was registered in England between 2001 and 2010 and whose certificate contained a sepsis-associated International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) ...
Lavezzi A M AM Anna Maria Lavezzi, "Lino Rossi" Research Centre for the study and prevention of unexpected perinatal death and SIDS, Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Via della Commenda 19, 20122 Milano, Italy, phone: +39-02-50320821, fax: +39-02-50320823, e-mail: - - 2013
The present study was aimed at supplementing our previous investigations on the morphological features of the Purkinje cells during the autonomic nervous system development, particularly in victims of sudden perinatal death (Sudden Intrauterine Unexplained Death Syndrome and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), given their crucial role in determining connectivity patterns in ...
Gee Sarah N - - 2012
Multiorgan Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) presenting in the neonatal period is associated with a poor prognosis. We report a 5-day-old neonate who presented at birth with diffuse cutaneous nodules and respiratory failure who received a postmortem diagnosis of LCH. We emphasize the importance of recognizing the cutaneous findings of this ...
Munjal Kevin G - - 2013
In the United States, when people die unexpectedly, they are usually not considered as organ donors because of the difficulty of keeping organs viable when death occurs outside the hospital, in "uncontrolled" circumstances. New protocols to permit donation in these cases have renewed the debate about how we decide whether ...
Leary Peter J - - 2012
: To explore the association between the presence of maternal heart disease and maternal, perinatal, and infant outcomes. : We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using Washington State birth certificates linked with hospital discharge records of mothers noted to have maternal congenital heart disease, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2012
The 2011 annual report of the Regional Infant and Child Mortality Review Committee (RICMRC) is presented. Since 1997, the committee has reviewed 224 deaths to achieve its mission to "review infant and child deaths so that information can be transformed into action to protect young lives." In 2011, the committee ...
Nakibuuka Vk - - 2012
The perinatal mortality of 70 deaths per 1,000 total births in Uganda is unacceptably high. Perinatal death audits are important for improvement of perinatal care and reduction of perinatal morality. We integrated perinatal death audits in routine care, and describe its effect on perinatal mortality rate at Nsambya Hospital. This ...
Guly Henry - - 2012
This year, 2012, marks the 100th anniversary of Captain Scott his reaching the South Pole and of his death on the return journey. There has been much discussion on the cause of death of Scott and his colleagues and, in particular, whether he died of scurvy. There has probably been ...
Johansson Jens - - 2012
Those who endorse the view that death is in some cases bad for the deceased-a view that, as I shall explain, has considerable bearing on many bioethical issues-need to address the following, Epicurean question: When is death bad for the one who dies? The two most popular answers are "before ...
Bunders Madeleine J - - 2012
Despite potential clinical importance, target cells for HIV-1 in mother-to child-transmission (MTCT) have not yet been identified. Cord blood-derived CD4(+) T cells are largely naïve and do not express CCR5, the mandatory co-receptor for transmitted HIV-1 R5 strains in infants. Here, we demonstrate that in the human fetal and infant ...
Penn Alexander H AH Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA. - - 2012
Premature infants fed formula are more likely to develop necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) than those who are breastfed, but the mechanisms of intestinal necrosis in NEC and protection by breast milk are unknown. We hypothesized that after lipase digestion, formula, but not fresh breast milk, contains levels of unbound free fatty ...
The Japanese Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection Immunoglobulin Fetal Therapy Study - - 2012
No medical intervention guideline for prenatally diagnosed symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection (CCMVI) is currently available. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of immunoglobulin fetal therapy for symptomatic CCMVI. With informed consent, hyper-immunoglobulin was injected into the peritoneal cavity of affected fetuses or into the maternal blood ...
Chowdhury Olie - - 2012
Infants born at term requiring mechanical ventilation suffer significant mortality and morbidity, yet few studies have tried to identify the optimum respiratory support for such infants. We, therefore, hypothesised that practice would vary, particularly between different levels of neonatal care provision. The lead clinicians of all 212 UK neonatal units ...
Lorch Scott A - - 2012
BACKGROUND:Because greater percentages of women deliver at hospitals without high-level NICUs, there is little information on the effect of delivery hospital on the outcomes of premature infants in the past 2 decades, or how these effects differ across states with different perinatal regionalization systems.METHODS:A retrospective population-based cohort study was constructed ...
Tang Brian G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:Using a statewide population-based data source, we describe current neonatal follow-up referral practices for high-risk infants with developmental delays throughout California.METHODS:From a cohort analysis of quality improvement data from 66 neonatal follow-up programs in the California Children's Services and California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative High-Risk Infant Follow-Up Quality of Care ...
Haddad Lisa - - 2012
To compare temperature readings of temporal artery and axillary thermometers in healthy late preterm and term infants in an effort to standardize practice. Descriptive comparative. Thirty-bed, healthy mother/baby unit in an inner-city Level-1 trauma center, averaging 2,500 births per year. Healthy newborns (N = 125) admitted to mother/baby unit after ...
van der Linden Marieke H - - 2012
Leukaemia in neonates (infants <1 month) is rare, whereby neonatal acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is more frequent than neonatal acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). High mortality rates are observed, though AML has a better prognosis than ALL. Neonatal leukaemia is typically presented with hepatosplenomegaly, leukaemia cutis and/or hyperleucocytosis. Congenital infections should ...
Dusing Stacey C - - 2012
Infants born preterm are at high risk of developmental disabilities and benefit from early developmental intervention programs. Physical therapists with neonatal expertise are ideally suited to educate parents about ways to support their infant's development in the first months of life. However, administrative policies are needed to support the therapist ...
Garten L - - 2012
Objective:To study the experiences and needs of the fathers of very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).Study Design:An anonymous self-report questionnaire was administered to fathers of VLBW infants born between Jan 1, 2008 and December 31, 2009 at two tertiary NICUs.Result:A total of ...
Grover S S - - 2012
The level of circulating tetanus toxin, antitoxin and their individual influence on the outcome of tetanus cases were determined in unimmunized 125 neonatal and 39 infant cases of tetanus. PHA (passive haemagglutination) test showed 40% positive cases for toxin while its absence in the remaining cases indicated of either toxin ...
Ross Julie A JA Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2013
The mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene is commonly rearranged in infant leukemia (IL). Genetic determinants of susceptibility to IL are unknown. Recent genome-wide association studies for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have identified susceptibility loci at IKZF1, ARID5B, and CEBPE. We genotyped these loci in 171 infants with leukemia and ...
Brooks Stacey - - 2012
Objective: Patients' views of illness are often thought to differ from those of medical staff, although this is rarely assessed. This study examined the correspondence between mothers' and clinicians' perceptions of the same high-risk newborns, as well as with an objective measure of illness severity. We also investigated how mothers' ...
Greer Frank R - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Potentially harmful effects of early, high does intravenous amino acids (4g/kg/d) are reported for growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in extremely low birth weight infants. Until larger randomized controlled trials with long term outcomes can be completed, neonatologists should proceed with caution with early administration of large amounts of intravenous ...
Tagliabue Paolo - - 2012
Abstract Term "high risk newborns" identifies a group of newborns who very likely will develop a severe acute disease or an adverse outcome. Every day Neonatologists are faced with high risk newborns that represent the majority of patients admitted to the neonatal intensive care units. Particularly, term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic ...
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