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Hopewell J - - 2012
Parenteral nutrition (PN) plays an important role in providing nutrients for infants unable to tolerate enteral feeds study was to look at PN prescribing in neonatal units in the United Kingdom (U.K.) and Ireland, in particular in infants < 1.5 kg. A postal questionnaire was administered to the 235 neonatal ...
von Lindern Jeannette S - - 2012
ObjectiveTo study whether the incidence of intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in very premature infants (<32 weeks gestation) with thrombocytopaenia is lower when using a liberal platelet-transfusion guideline compared with a restrictive guideline.Study designA retrospective cohort study comparing the incidence of IVH in very premature infants with thrombocytopaenia (platelet count <150×10(9)/l) admitted ...
Verma Prashant - - 2012
  Neonatal purpura fulminans is rare and may be inherited or acquired. It may ultimately lead to multiorgan failure and death. Purpura fulminans in a premature neonate resulting from Staphylococcus aureus septicemia is illustrated. Unfortunately, the baby succumbed to septicemia.
Gallagher Joel L - - 2012
Hizentra® is a 20% liquid IgG product approved for subcutaneous administration in adults and children greater than 2 years of age. We report two infants less than 2 years in which administration of Hizentra® was safe and effective.
Husain Entesar H - - 2012
Infants represent an important risk group for influenza associated hospitalizations and mortality. This study evaluated the clinical presentations, hospitalization course and outcome of infants hospitalized with the pandemic influenza A H1N1 [Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09] in relation to their previous health status. We conducted a retrospective chart review of hospitalized infants with ...
Bakermans-Kranenburg Marian J MJ Centre for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands. - - 2012
Infant crying can elicit sensitive caregiving as well as hostility and harsh parenting responses. In the current study (N = 42 females) with a double-blind experimental design, we tested the effect of intranasal oxytocin administration on the use of excessive force using a hand-grip dynamometer during listening to infant cry ...
Alletag Michelle J - - 2011
The use of bedside emergency ultrasound in pediatric abdominal emergencies is becoming more widespread and can be a useful adjunct in the assessment of children who present with abdominal pain. Our case describes an infant who presented to the emergency department with vomiting, in whom an emergency ultrasound evaluation led ...
Stein Alan - - 2012
Difficulties in mother-child interaction are commonly observed in the context of postnatal depression. These difficulties may result in part from the negative cognitive bias present in depression, which may in turn lead to biased negative perceptions of the infant: in particular, these biases encompass the negative appraisal of facial expressions. ...
Oden Rosalind P - - 2011
Introduction. The supine sleep position is recommended to reduce sudden infant death syndrome risk. Swaddling may improve adherence with supine placement. Aim. To assess knowledge, attitudes, and practice regarding swaddling among adult caregivers of 0- to 3-month-old infants. Methods. Cross-sectional descriptive survey. Results. All 103 adults interviewed had swaddled their ...
Haward Marlyse F - - 2011
Decision-making for extremely immature preterm infants at the margins of viability is ethically, professionally, and emotionally complicated. A standard for prenatal consultation should be developed incorporating assessment of parental decision-making preferences and styles, a communication process involving a reciprocal exchange of information, and effective strategies for decisional deliberation, guided by and consistent with ...
Balas Benjamin - - 2011
The 'other-race' effect describes the phenomenon in which faces are difficult to distinguish from one another if they belong to an ethnic or racial group to which the observer has had little exposure. Adult observers typically display multiple forms of recognition error for other-race faces, and infants exhibit behavioral evidence ...
Yu Jae Eun - - 2010
Major full-thickness burn injuries in newborns are rare but have been reported following the use of medical and warming devices during the early neonatal period. In this report, we present a newborn infant with major full-thickness contact burn injuries of 15% of the total body surface area (TBSA) caused by ...
Bath Debra M DM School of Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. - - 2010
Individuals' death anxiety or fear of death has been extensively investigated, and there are numerous conceptualizations used in the literature, including a distinction between the dimensions of death and dying of self and death and dying of others. This article addresses a gap in the literature and re-examines the relationship ...
Ritchie Jennifer M - - 2010
Cholera is a severe diarrheal disease, caused by Vibrio cholerae, for which there has been no reproducible, nonsurgical animal model. Here, we report that orogastric inoculation of V. cholerae into 3-day-old rabbits pretreated with cimetidine led to lethal, watery diarrhea in virtually all rabbits. The appearance and chemical composition of ...
Sato Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Grafting of testicular tissue into immunodeficient mice has been used to differentiate the neonatal testes from different animal species up to the level of complete spermatogenesis; however, this approach has not been successful for human testicular tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity for differentiation ...
Tripathi B M - - 2010
Usage of psychotropics during pregnancy and lactation has always been a topic of debate and controversy. The debate stems from the potential adverse effects on the growing fetus or infants due to the transfer of psychotropic drugs through placenta or breast milk of mothers receiving them; and the problem of ...
Sadoh Ayebo E - - 2008
High neonatal mortality is the hallmark of developing countries. Most of the deaths are preventable by good antenatal care with risk identification and access to safe delivery. However, only about a third of births are attended by skilled personnel in Nigeria. The case of a newborn (one of a set ...
Burlinson Clare E G - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: This study was undertaken after an increasing trend in young babies presenting with severe burns was observed in Princess Margaret Hospital (PMH) in Perth, Western Australia. The aim was to explore the patterns of these injuries with a view to identifying whether they could be prevented with better parent ...
Wang Xue-Qing - - 2009
This retrospective review examines healing in different sites on a porcine burn model; 24 pairs of burns on 18 pigs from other animal trials were selected for analysis. Each pair of burns was located on the either the cranial or the caudal part of the thoracic ribs region, on the ...
Nguyen Dai Q A - - 2008
A wealth of data exists concerning paediatric burn epidemiology in general, but very little exists specifically in infants under 1 year of age, a special group in which mobility begins to develop. A retrospective study of all burn admissions of infants under 1 year old to The Welsh Centre for ...
Tian Linwei - - 2008
An open fire was assembled with firebricks to simulate the household fire pit used in rural China, and 15 different coals from this area were burned to measure the gaseous and particulate emissions. Particle size distribution was studied with a microorifice uniform-deposit impactor (MOUDI). Over 90% of the particulate mass ...
Hantash Basil M - - 2008
Mammalian wound healing is an intricate process involving the coordinated interaction of a variety of tissue types and cellular lineages. This is governed by a complex array of physical, biological and chemical signals. In adult tissue, the successful completion of wound healing inevitably results in the formation of scar. However, ...
Miller C Andrew - - 2007
Although air curtain destructors (ACDs) have been used for quite some time to dispose of vegetative debris, relatively little in-depth testing has been conducted to quantify emissions of pollutants other than CO and particulate matter. As part of an effort to prepare for possible use of ACDs to dispose of ...
Pakandl Michal - - 2007
Suckling rabbits from six litters were orally inoculated at various ages with oocysts of Eimeria flavescens or Eimeria intestinalis. The total number of oocysts in the ceca served to estimate parasite reproduction. The rabbits at 14 and 16 days old remained uninfected, and in 19-day-old animals, low or no oocyst ...
Naeher Luke P - - 2006
In this study, smoke data were collected from two plots located on the Francis Marion National Forest in South Carolina during prescribed burns on 12 February 2003. One of the plots had been subjected to mechanical chipping, the other was not. This study is part of a larger investigation of ...
Miller Dane - - 2006
Rob Burns talks with Dane Miller, former CEO of Biomet, about challenges posed by new technology in the orthopedic devices area. One key challenge is the rising cost and use of orthopedic devices at a time when providers are facing decreased profitability and reimbursement for orthopedic services. Another challenge is ...
Richtmyer Janis M - - 2006
Use of saline-enhanced radiofrequency (RF) technology reduces blood loss in infants undergoing liver resection. Radiofrequency systems continuously deliver much higher currents for longer periods of time than conventional coagulation instruments and thus increase the risk of complications. Thress infants undergoing liver resection with the newer RF technology at one facility ...
Verlinden Alex - - 2006
A cost-effective method was developed to map fire scars on Quicklooks of Landat TM imagery. The method was compared with a full resolution Landsat image using visual interpretation and supervised classification using the Maximum Likelihood procedure, resulting in a high degree of agreement between methods. A long time series of ...
Chu Chi-Sing - - 2005
White male Sprague Dawley rats (200 g.) with 20% full thickness scald burns seeded with 10 Pseudomonas aeruginosa, strain 59-1244, were used as experimental animals. Studies including the following: (1). Control groups. (2). DC pretreatment groups. (3). Treatment groups. P. aeruginosa infected burn wounds were excised, and then treated with ...
Flight Simone - - 2005
Textilinin-1 (Q8008) was isolated from the venom of the Pseudonaja textilis and has a 47% sequence identity to the antihaemorrhagic therapeutic agent aprotinin. When equimolar concentrations of enzyme and aprotinin were pre-incubated, plasmin was inhibited 100%, plasma kallikrein 58%, and tissue kallikrein 99%. Under the same conditions, textilinin-1 inhibited plasmin ...
Na Yang-Ho - - 2002
The miscibility and phase behavior of two stereoisomer forms of poly(lactide) (PLA: poly (L-lactide) (PLLA) and poly(DL-lactide) (PDLLA)) blends with poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PCL-b-PEG) and PCL-b-monomethoxy-PEG (PCL-b-MPEG) block copolymers have been investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC thermal behavior of both the blend systems revealed that PLA is miscible ...
Leite José Roberto S A - - 2002
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) has been a useful tool for molecular surface analysis and to estimate topographical properties of proteins. Here we report a topographical study of a chymotrypsin inhibitor from Schizolobium parahyba seeds (SPCI) by AFM. The underlying structure of SPCI oligomers has been resolved in nanometer order resolution. ...
Graczyk T K - - 2001
Molluscan shellfish can recover and concentrate environmentally derived waterborne pathogens and can be used for the sanitary assessment of water quality. Oocysts of Cryptosporidium parvum (genotype 1) were identified in zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) from the St. Lawrence River, Quebec. Approximately 67 oocysts/ml of hemolymph and 129 oocysts/g of soft ...
Zheng W - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: One of the most common complications of transurethral resection is urethral stricture. The exact etiology is still controversial. Postulated pathophysiology ranges from mechanical trauma to the urethra during the resection to inflammatory reaction secondary to local anesthesia. We propose electrical burn to the urethra as a contributory ...
Gueugniaud P Y - - 1998
We describe the case of a seriously burned infant who suffered from a deep burn covering approximately 30% of his total body surface area. Because invasive hemodynamic monitoring is usually not suggested in infants, hemodynamic profile can be misunderstood. We tested a new echo-Doppler device to determine hemodynamic variation using ...
Dixon J J - - 1997
Accidental injury to infants can result from the use of home microwave ovens. The spectrum of injury includes scald burns of the trachea, palate oropharynx and oesophagus due to aspiration and ingestion of foods that have been overheated. There is one previous case report of a child with second-degree burns ...
Yamazaki M - - 1997
A male infant aged one year and nine months was found dead on a bed after admission to hospital with suspected pneumonia. The patient apparently put an uncovered oval shaped lamp switch (pendant switch) into his mouth and died of electric shock after contacting the exposed wires of the switch ...
Patnaik R - - 1996
A well preserved mouse skull has been recovered from a pedogenically modified mudstone layer (c. 2 millions years (MY) old) of Pinjor Formation (Upper Siwaliks) exposed east of Chandigarh, India. Comparison of the present skull with those of the extant species of the subgenus Mus reveals its closer relationship towards ...
Cronin K J - - 1996
Burns are the fourth leading cause of injury death in children in the USA, accounting for 1300 paediatric deaths annually. The majority of paediatric burns mortality and morbidity result from simple domestic accidents that are preventable. A prospective study of paediatric burns from 1 January 1992 to 1 January 1993 ...
Simonsen K - - 1995
We report two cases of newborns who developed second-degree burns following resuscitation under infra-red heating lamps. Both infants were asphyxic and suffered from insufficient peripheral circulation which, combined with the long duration of the exposure to the light, contributed to the development of the lesions. Both infants died shortly after ...
Pant R - - 1995
Obstetric complications may result from burn scarring in the genital area. Women in developing countries typically squat around cooking fires, and burns are common. This recent case in Nepal describes obstructed labor in a young woman whose genital area had extensive scarring from a cooking fire injury. Proper antenatal assessment ...
Satpathy D K - - 1995
A 'burning' topic in India is the burn deaths of young females. Such a way of ending life is peculiarly common in our country. Many young newly married females die from burn injuries, the most common reasons given in post-mortem reports therefore being that she caught a light (a) while ...
Urbancic J M - - 1993
Infants and toddlers are at particular risk for contact burns from the registers of gas-fired floor furnaces. We report 11-month-old and 12-month-old boys who sustained the classic grid-like pattern of burns to their skin after contracting the registers of gas-fired floor furnaces. The depth of these burns were judged to ...
Baker G L - - 1993
Noninvasive infant monitoring occasionally results in burns and tissue damage. The medical literature now contains 14 isolated reports that were summarized for this review. All 14 victims were less than 24 months of age, and of these 14, two died by electrocution. Burns and tissue damage resulted from infant respiratory ...
Hildreth M A - - 1993
Formulas for estimating the caloric requirements of pediatric patients with burns have been suggested. However, the needs of infant patients with burns have not been specifically addressed. This study was undertaken to determine the caloric intake required to maintain weight in patients under 1 year of age who had burns ...
Shahar E - - 1991
We report uncommon neurologic complications of moderate to severe burns in two infants aged 13 and 19 months, respectively. The first patient suffered a 25% total body surface area burn to her lower limbs; 3 days later she became mute and irritable, with increasing rigidity of limbs and trunk. Her ...
Ovesen O - - 1990
Within 2 weeks the authors saw two patients with deep burns of their feet caused by foot spas. Both devices had been used according to the manufacturers' instructions and had been approved by The Danish Electric Material Control. Examination however showed that the bottom plate of these devices reached unacceptably ...
Pride H B - - 1990
Noninvasive external cardiac pacing has been used safely in various cardiac emergencies for over 30 yr. Its use in neonates, however, has been associated recently with burns. We report the case of a 7-wk-old infant who sustained a full-thickness burn after prolonged use of an external pacing device.
Cunningham J J - - 1990
Severely burned adults increase their metabolic energy expenditure (MEE) to levels approaching twice the normal resting metabolic rate (RMR). There are no available measurements of MEE for severely burned infants and toddlers, however, and nutritional support relies on published estimates of MEE that range from 200% to 400% of RMR. ...
Thomson P D - - 1989
Survival of infants with greater than 80 per cent body surface area burns has not been well documented. Survival of a 4-month-old infant with 80 per cent full skin thickness flame injury is reported. Data from the National Burn Information Exchange showed that there were 2266 infants under 8 months ...
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